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death certificates

Kate Brameld, Katrina Spilsbury, Lorna Rosenwax, Kevin Murray, James Semmens
BACKGROUND: Studies aiming to identify palliative care populations have used data from death certificates and in some cases hospital records. The size and characteristics of the identified populations can show considerable variation depending on the data sources used. It is important that service planners and researchers are aware of this. AIM: To illustrate the differences in the size and characteristics of a potential palliative care population depending on the differential use of linked hospital records and death certificate data...
October 24, 2016: Palliative Medicine
Won Kyung Lee, Dohee Lim, Hyesook Park
A system for assessing the burdens imposed by disease and injury was developed to meet healthcare, priority setting, and policy planning needs. The first such system, the Global Burden of Disease (GBD), was implemented in 1990. However, problems associated with limited data and assumed disability weightings remain to be resolved. The purpose of the present study was to estimate national burdens of injuries in Korea using more reliable data and disability weightings. The incidences of injuries were estimated using the Korean National Hospital Discharge Survey and the mortality data from the Korean National Statistical Office in 2010...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Arno Maetens, Robrecht De Schreye, Kristof Faes, Dirk Houttekier, Luc Deliens, Birgit Gielen, Cindy De Gendt, Patrick Lusyne, Lieven Annemans, Joachim Cohen
BACKGROUND: The use of full-population databases is under-explored to study the use, quality and costs of end-of-life care. Using the case of Belgium, we explored: (1) which full-population databases provide valid information about end-of-life care, (2) what procedures are there to use these databases, and (3) what is needed to integrate separate databases. METHODS: Technical and privacy-related aspects of linking and accessing Belgian administrative databases and disease registries were assessed in cooperation with the database administrators and privacy commission bodies...
October 18, 2016: BMC Palliative Care
Jon Hedgecock, P Christopher Cook, John Harrast, Judith F Baumhauer, Brian D Giordano
Hip preservation surgery encompasses various surgical procedures that have the goal of decreasing the progression of osteoarthritis, preserving normal hip function, and delaying the need for arthroplasty. These procedures can encompass arthroscopic, open, and combined techniques. This study investigated the trends and complications associated with open hip preservation surgery performed by candidates undergoing Part II of the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery examination. The American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery Part II surgeon case database was queried from the years 2003 to 2013 for Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes related to open hip preservation surgery in patients 10 years and older...
October 18, 2016: Orthopedics
Cristina Varas-Lorenzo, Alejandro Arana, Catherine B Johannes, Lisa J McQuay, Kenneth J Rothman, Daniel Fife
BACKGROUND: The ascertainment of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in electronic health databases is challenging. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to evaluate the applicability of the validated computer definition of SCD developed by Chung et al. in a retrospective study of SCD and domperidone exposure in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD). METHODS: We assessed out-of-hospital SCD by applying the validated computer definition and linking data with Hospital Episode Statistics and death certificates...
September 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
Priti Bandi, Diana Silver, Tod Mijanovich, James Macinko
BACKGROUND: In the past 40 years, a variety of factors might have impacted motor vehicle (MV) fatality trends in the US, including public health policies, engineering innovations, trauma care improvements, etc. These factors varied in their timing across states/localities, and many were targeted at particular population subgroups. In order to identify and quantify differential rates of change over time and differences in trend patterns between population subgroups, this study employed a novel analytic method to assess temporal trends in MV fatalities between 1968 and 2010, by age group and sex...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
Antonio Pino, María Albán, Alejandra Rivas, Erika Rodríguez
Background: Maternal mortality ratio in Ecuador is the only millennium goal on which national agencies are still making strong efforts to reach 2015 target. The purpose of the study was to process national maternal death databases to identify a specific association pattern of variable included in the death certificate. Design and methods: The study processed mortality databases published yearly by the National Census and Statistics Institute (INEC). Data analysed were exclusively maternal deaths. Data corresponds to the 2003-2013 period, accessible through INEC's website...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Anna E Austin, Catherine J Vladutiu, Kathleen A Jones-Vessey, Tammy S Norwood, Scott K Proescholdbell, M Kathryn Menard
INTRODUCTION: Injuries, including those resulting from violence, are a leading cause of death during pregnancy and the postpartum period. North Carolina, along with other states, has implemented surveillance systems to improve reporting of maternal deaths, but their ability to capture violent deaths is unknown. The purpose of this study was to quantify the improvement in ascertainment of pregnancy-associated suicides and homicides by linking data from the North Carolina Violent Death Reporting System (NC-VDRS) to traditional maternal mortality surveillance files...
November 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Janet M Blair, Katherine A Fowler, Carter J Betz, Jason L Baumgardner
INTRODUCTION: Law enforcement officers (LEOs) in the U.S. are at an increased risk for homicide. The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristics of homicides of LEOs in 17 U.S. states participating in the National Violent Death Reporting System. This active surveillance system uses data from death certificates, coroner/medical examiner reports, and law enforcement reports. METHODS: This study used quantitative and qualitative methods to analyze National Violent Death Reporting System data for 2003-2013...
November 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Kristine E Ensrud, Stephanie L Harrison, Jane A Cauley, Lisa Langsetmo, John T Schousboe, Deborah M Kado, Margaret L Gourlay, Jennifer G Lyons, Lisa Fredman, Nicolas Napoli, Carolyn J Crandall, Cora E Lewis, Eric S Orwoll, Marcia L Stefanick, Peggy M Cawthon
To determine the association of weight loss with risk of clinical fractures at the hip, spine and pelvis (central body fractures [CBF]) in older men with and without accounting for the competing risk of mortality, we used data from 4,523 men (mean age 77.5 years). Weight change between baseline and follow-up (mean 4.5 years between examinations) was categorized as moderate loss (loss ≥10%), mild loss (loss 5% to <10%), stable (<5% change) or gain (gain ≥5%). Participants were contacted every 4 months after the follow-up examination to ascertain vital status (deaths verified by death certificates) and ask about fractures (confirmed by radiographic reports)...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Simple D Singh, S Jane Henley, A Blythe Ryerson
This report provides, in tabular and graphic form, official federal statistics on the occurrence of cancer for 2012 and trends for 1999-2012 as reported by CDC and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) (1). Cancer incidence data are from population-based cancer registries that participate in CDC's National Program of Cancer Registries (NPCR) and NCI's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program reported as of November 2014. Cancer mortality data are from death certificate information reported to state vital statistics offices through 2012 and compiled into a national file for the entire United States by CDC's National Center for Health Statistics' (NCHS) National Vital Statistics System (NVSS)...
October 14, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Danxia Yu, Xianglan Zhang, Xiao-Ou Shu, Hui Cai, Honglan Li, Ding Ding, Zhen Hong, Yong-Bing Xiang, Yu-Tang Gao, Wei Zheng, Gong Yang
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic evidence on dietary carbohydrates and stroke risk remains controversial. Very few prospective cohort studies have been conducted in Asian populations, who usually consume a high-carbohydrate diet and have a high burden of stroke. OBJECTIVE: We examined dietary glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL), and intakes of refined and total carbohydrates in relation to risks of total, ischemic, and hemorrhagic stroke and stroke mortality. DESIGN: This study included 64,328 Chinese women, aged 40-70 y, with no history of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, or cancer...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Kay M Tomashek, Aidsa Rivera, Brenda Torres-Velasquez, Elizabeth A Hunsperger, Jorge L Munoz-Jordan, Tyler M Sharp, Irma Rivera, Dario Sanabria, Dianna M Blau, Renee Galloway, Jose Torres, Rosa Rodriguez, Javier Serrano, Carlos Chávez, Francisco Dávila, Janice Perez-Padilla, Esther M Ellis, Gladys Caballero, Laura Wright, Sherif R Zaki, Carmen Deseda, Edda Rodriguez, Harold S Margolis
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a leading cause of morbidity throughout the tropics; however, accurate population-based estimates of mortality rates are not available. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We established the Enhanced Fatal Acute Febrile Illness Surveillance System (EFASS) to estimate dengue mortality rates in Puerto Rico. Healthcare professionals submitted serum and tissue specimens from patients who died from a dengue-like acute febrile illness, and death certificates were reviewed to identify additional cases...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Satoshi Yasuda, Kazuhiro Nakao, Kunihiro Nishimura, Yoshihiro Miyamoto, Yoko Sumita, Toshiaki Shishido, Toshihisa Anzai, Hiroyuki Tsutsui, Hiroshi Ito, Issei Komuro, Yoshihiko Saito, Hisao Ogawa
BACKGROUND: Since cardiovascular disease accounts for one-quarter of deaths in the Japanese population, we developed a nationwide database using the administrative case-mix Diagnostic Procedure Combination (DPC) system (ie, theJapaneseRegistryOfAll cardiac and vascularDiseases (JROAD)-DPC) to reveal the current status of cardiovascular medicine in Japan.Methods and Results:The JROAD-DPC database included 704,593 health records' data of 2012 from 610 certificated hospitals of the Japanese Circulation Society...
October 5, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
C Klop, T P van Staa, C Cooper, N C Harvey, F de Vries
: One-year mortality following a fracture was greater for men compared to women, varied markedly between regions in England with the lowest rates in the London region, and was higher among black women compared to white women. The excess in mortality did not change during the study period. INTRODUCTION: Fractures are associated with increased mortality. With the shift towards an increasingly elderly demography, and so increasing numbers of fractures, the impact of such events on mortality is of key public health importance...
October 8, 2016: Osteoporosis International
Elizabeth B Pathak
PURPOSE: This paper compares the mortality burden of heart disease versus cancer among women by age, race, and ethnicity. METHODS: U.S. death and population data for the years 2000 through 2013 were used to calculate heart disease and cancer death rates. Detailed analyses focused on age (15-19 years old to ≥100 years old) and race and ethnicity (Whites, Blacks, Hispanics, Asians and Pacific Islanders (A/PIs), and American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs))...
October 4, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
(no author information available yet)
The current issue of MMWR (week 39) will be the last to include data from the 122 Cities Mortality Reporting System (122 CMRS) in Notifiable Disease and Mortality Tables, Table III ("Deaths in 122 cities" []). Beginning in the publication for the week ending October 8, 2016 (week 40), data from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) Mortality Surveillance System will replace the information reported in Table III, and the 122 Cities Mortality Reporting System (122 CMRS) will be retired...
October 7, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Jinwook Bahk, John W Lynch, Young-Ho Khang
BACKGROUND: South Korea has experienced rapid economic development and a substantial increase in life expectancy in an extremely short period. Whether this rapid development has been able to adequately address inequalities in health in South Korea may have important policy implications. This paper explores long-term trends in inequalities in mortality related to education in South Korea between 1970 and 2010. METHODS: We used secondary data on population size and deaths in 1970 and 1980 from a previously published study, and census and death certificate data from Statistics Korea from 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Jeffrey L Levin, Alina Rouk, Sara Shepherd, George A Hurst, Jerry W McLarty
The Tyler asbestos plant produced pipe insulation from 1954 to 1972 and exclusively used amosite asbestos. There were 1130 former workers of this plant during the period of operation. A death certificate mortality analysis was published regarding this plant in 1998 for the period through 1993. This study represents an update of the mortality analysis with additional certificates collected for deaths occurring through 2011.Searches of the National Death Index database were conducted in 2004 and again in 2013...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
Kaouther Dimassi, Alaa Saibi, Olfa Saidi, Souha Bougatef, Habiba Ben Romdhane
Background In Tunisia, the information system on medical causes of death  is based on the use of standard death certificate model based on international model recommended by the World Organization started in January 2001. However, this system is still burdened with a major death causes of under-registration. Only specific surveys on mortality have FAR generate reliable mortality indicators. Objectives to study the use of verbal autopsy in order to assess cancer mortality among Tunisian women in reproductive age (WRA) ...
April 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
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