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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241027/when-forensic-odontology-met-biochemistry-multidisciplinary-approach-in-forensic-human-identification
#1
REVIEW
Joe Adserias-Garriga, Christian Thomas, Douglas H Ubelaker, Sara C Zapico
When human remains are found, the priority of the investigation is to ascertain the identity of the deceased. A positive identification is a key factor in providing closure for the family of the deceased; it is also required to issue the death certificate and therefore, to settle legal affairs. Moreover, it is difficult for any forensic investigation involving human remains to be solved without the determination of an identity. Therefore, personal identification is necessary for social, legal and forensic reasons...
December 9, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239071/comorbidity-of-chronic-kidney-disease-diabetes-and-lower-glycated-hemoglobin-predicts-support-care-need-certification-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#2
Keisuke Watanabe, Masashi Okuro, Tazuo Okuno, Osamu Iritani, Hiroshi Yano, Taroh Himeno, Takuro Morita, Yuta Igarashi, Takeshi Nakahashi, Shigeto Morimoto
AIM: Chronic kidney disease (CKD), diabetes and lower glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c ) range in diabetes patients are associated with higher mortality. We investigated whether these conditions were associated with the risk of loss of independence in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: We analyzed 1078 older adults with no history of support/care-need certification in Long-Term Care Insurance aged 65-94 years. Associations of baseline CKD, diabetes, and lower HbA1c range of <6...
December 14, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239024/concordance-between-administrative-data-and-clinical-review-for-mortality-in-the-randomized-on-off-bypass-follow-up-study-rooby-fs
#3
Jacquelyn A Quin, Brack Hattler, Annie Laurie W Shroyer, Darlene Kemp, G Hossein Almassi, Faisal G Bakaeen, Brendan M Carr, Muath Bishawi, Joseph F Collins, Frederick L Grover, Todd H Wagner
BACKGROUND: The optimal methodology to identify cardiac versus non-cardiac cause of death following cardiac surgery has not been determined. METHODS: The Randomized On/Off Bypass Trial was a multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial of 2203 patients (February 2002-May 2008) comparing 1-year cardiac outcomes between off-pump and on-pump bypass surgery. In 2013, the Veterans Affairs (VA) Cooperative Studies Program funded a follow-up study to assess 5-year outcomes including mortality...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237590/nativity-status-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-among-hispanic-adults
#4
Fatima Rodriguez, Katherine G Hastings, Jiaqi Hu, Lenny Lopez, Mark Cullen, Robert A Harrington, Latha P Palaniappan
BACKGROUND: Hispanic persons represent a heterogeneous and growing population of any race with origins in Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America, South America, or other Spanish-speaking countries. Previous studies have documented variation in cardiovascular risk and outcomes among Hispanic subgroups. Few studies have investigated whether these patterns vary by nativity status among Hispanic subgroups. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used the National Center for Health Statistics mortality file to compare deaths of Hispanic (n=1 258 229) and non-Hispanic white (n=18 149 774) adults (aged ≥25 years) from 2003 to 2012...
December 13, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235985/deaths-final-data-for-2015
#5
Sherry L Murphy, Jiaquan Xu, Kenneth D Kochanek, Sally C Curtin, Elizabeth Arias
Objectives-This report presents final 2015 data on U.S. deaths, death rates, life expectancy, infant mortality, and trends, by selected characteristics such as age, sex, Hispanic origin and race, state of residence, and cause of death. Methods-Information reported on death certificates, which are completed by funeral directors, attending physicians, medical examiners, and coroners, is presented in descriptive tabulations. The original records are filed in state registration offices. Statistical information is compiled in a national database through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program of the National Center for Health Statistics...
November 2017: National Vital Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235984/deaths-leading-causes-for-2015
#6
Melonie Heron
Objectives-This report presents final 2015 data on the 10 leading causes of death in the United States by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin. Leading causes of infant, neonatal, and postneonatal death are also presented. This report supplements "Deaths: Final Data for 2015," the National Center for Health Statistics' annual report of final mortality statistics. Methods-Data in this report are based on information from all death certificates filed in the 50 states and the District of Columbia in 2015. Causes of death classified by the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) are ranked according to the number of deaths assigned to rankable causes...
November 2017: National Vital Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235927/risk-factors-for-hospital-death-in-conditions-needing-palliative-care-nationwide-population-based-death-certificate-study
#7
Barbara Gomes, Maria João Pinheiro, Sílvia Lopes, Maja de Brito, Vera P Sarmento, Pedro Lopes Ferreira, Henrique Barros
BACKGROUND: Most people would prefer to die at home as opposed to hospital; therefore, understanding mortality patterns by place of death is essential for health resources allocation. AIM: We examined trends and risk factors for hospital death in conditions needing palliative care in a country without integrated palliative care. DESIGN: This is a death certificate study. We examined factors associated with hospital death using logistic regression...
November 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229159/socioeconomic-factors-as-predictors-of-organ-donation
#8
Malay B Shah, Valery Vilchez, Adam Goble, Michael F Daily, Jonathan C Berger, Roberto Gedaly, Derek A DuBay
BACKGROUND: Despite numerous initiatives to increase solid organs for transplant, the gap between donors and recipients widens. There is little in the literature identifying socioeconomic predictors for donation. We evaluate the correlation between socioeconomic factors and familial authorization for donation. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of adult potential donor referrals between 2007 and 2012 to our organ procurement organization (OPO) was performed. Potential donor information was obtained from the OPO database, death certificates, and the US Census Report...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217675/ten-year-mortality-in-the-wise-study-women-s-ischemia-syndrome-evaluation
#9
Tanya S Kenkre, Pankaj Malhotra, B Delia Johnson, Eileen M Handberg, Diane V Thompson, Oscar C Marroquin, William J Rogers, Carl J Pepine, C Noel Bairey Merz, Sheryl F Kelsey
BACKGROUND: The WISE study (Women's Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation) was a prospective cohort study of 936 clinically stable symptomatic women who underwent coronary angiography to evaluate symptoms and signs of ischemia. Long-term mortality data for such women are limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: Obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) was defined as ≥50% stenosis on angiography by core laboratory. We conducted a National Death Index search to assess the mortality of women who were alive at their final WISE contact date...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217445/factors-that-predict-failure-to-meet-mips-quality-measures-for-asymptomatic-carotid-endarterectomy
#10
Anahita Dua, Steven Koprowski, Fadwa Ali, Sapan S Desai
INTRODUCTION: The Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS) created by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) financially penalizes providers who fail to meet expected quality of care measures. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the factors that predict failure to meet PQRS measures for carotid endarterectomy (CEA). METHODS: PQRS measures 260 (discharge by postoperative day 2 following CEA in asymptomatic patients) and 346 (rate of postoperative stroke or death following CEA in asymptomatic patients) were evaluated using hospital records from the state of Florida from 2008-2012...
December 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207931/drug-related-deaths-statistics-based-on-death-certificates-miss-one-third-of-cases
#11
Anna Fugelstad, Mats Ramstedt, Ingemar Thiblin, Lars Age Johansson
AIMS: Statistics on drug-related deaths (DRD) provide crucial information on the drug situation. The European Monitoring Centre for Drug and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) has published a specification for extracting DRD from national mortality registers to be used in international comparisons. However, surprisingly little is known of the accuracy of DRD statistics derived from national mortality registers. This study assesses the accuracy of Swedish data derived from national mortality registers by comparing it with other sources of data...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206890/validation-of-the-diagnosis-of-mesothelioma-and-bap1-protein-expression-in-a-cohort-of-asbestos-textile-workers-from-northern-italy
#12
P Boffetta, L Righi, C Ciocan, C Pelucchi, C La Vecchia, C Romano, M Papotti, E Pira
Background: Diagnosis of mesothelioma based on death certificate is subject to misclassification, which may bias the results of epidemiology studies. A high proportion of mesothelioma harbor mutations in the BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) gene. Methods: We searched medical and pathology records and specimens for 127 workers from a textile- asbestos factory in Italy who died during 1963-2013 with a diagnosis of pleural or peritoneal neoplasm or mesothelioma on death certificate, to confirm the diagnosis with immunohistochemistry (IHC) markers...
November 30, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204660/association-of-age-with-risk-of-hospitalization-for-respiratory-syncytial-virus-in-preterm-infants-with-chronic-lung-disease
#13
Almut G Winterstein, Yoonyoung Choi, H Cody Meissner
Importance: It is unknown whether the age threshold (≤24 months) for preterm infants with chronic lung disease (CLD) to receive immunoprophylaxis for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) as currently recommended by American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines correctly identified infants at higher risk for hospitalization for RSV. Objective: To determine the age when the risk of hospitalization for RSV among preterm infants with CLD becomes equivalent to the risk for healthy, 1-month-old term infants who do not qualify for immunoprophylaxis...
December 4, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197173/evaluation-of-data-sources-and-approaches-for-estimation-of-influenza-associated-mortality-in-india
#14
Venkatesh Vinayak Narayan, Angela Danielle Iuliano, Katherine Roguski, Partha Haldar, Siddhartha Saha, Vishnubhatla Sreenivas, Shashi Kant, Sanjay Zodpey, Chandrakant S Pandav, Seema Jain, Anand Krishnan
BACKGROUND: No estimates of influenza-associated mortality exist for India. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate national mortality and viral surveillance data from India for assessing their appropriateness in estimating influenza-associated mortality using varied analytic approaches. METHODS: We reviewed influenza virus surveillance data from a national influenza surveillance network. We also reviewed national mortality data from Civil Registration System (CRS), Medical Certification of Cause of Death (MCCD) and the Sample Registration System (SRS)...
December 2, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191568/value-of-the-electrocardiographic-p-wave-t-wave-qrs-axis-as-a-predictor-of-mortality-in-14-years-in-a-population-with-a-high-prevalence-of-chagas-disease-from-the-bambu%C3%A3-cohort-study-of-aging
#15
Diego N Moraes, Bruno R Nascimento, Andrea Z Beaton, Elsayed Z Soliman, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa, Rodrigo C P Dos Reis, Antonio Luiz P Ribeiro
We sought to investigate the prognostic value of the electrocardiogram (ECG) electrical axes (P wave, T wave and QRS) as predictors of mortality in the 14-year follow-up of the prospective cohort of all residents ≥60 years living in the southeastern Brazilian city of Bambuí, a population with high prevalence of Chagas disease (ChD). Baseline ECG axes were automatically measured with normal values defined as follows: P-wave axis 0° to 75°, QRS axis -30° to 90°, and T axis 15° to 75°. Participants underwent annual follow-up visits and death was verified using death certificates...
October 31, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187318/instructing-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-examining-swim-instructors-knowledge-building-experiences
#16
Erin Kraft, Raymond Leblanc
BACKGROUND: Although there has been a notable increase in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) diagnoses over the past twenty years, children with ASD continue to be underrepresented in physical activity opportunities. Swimming lessons have been suggested as an ideal form of physical activity for this population, but studies exploring instructors' experiences gaining knowledge specific for instructing these swimmers remains limited. Research in this area is warranted, as drowning is a leading injury cause of death for persons with ASD...
November 22, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186479/febrile-seizures-prior-to-sudden-cardiac-death-a-danish-nationwide-study
#17
Niels Kjær Stampe, Charlotte Glinge, Reza Jabbari, Thea Bjune, Bjarke Risgaard, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen, Bo Gregers Winkel
Aims: Febrile seizure (FS) is a common disorder affecting 2-5% of children up to 5 years of age. The aim of this study was to determine whether FS in early childhood are over-represented in young adults dying from sudden cardiac death (SCD). Methods and results: We included all deaths (n = 4595) nationwide and through review of all death certificates, we identified 245 SCD in Danes aged 1-30 years in 2000-09. Through the usage of nationwide registries, we identified all persons admitted with first FS among SCD cases (14/245; 5...
November 23, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182467/farming-and-mortality-rates-attributed-to-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-in-taiwan
#18
Shang-Shyue Tsai, Yi-Hao Weng, Ya-Wen Chiu, Chun-Yuh Yang
Previous studies suggested an elevated risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) among farmers. To date, no apparent study examined the association between farming and NHL in Asian countries. The aim of this study was to investigate whether farmers in Taiwan exhibited an increased risk of mortality attributed to NHL. To this end, a mortality odds ratio (MOR) study was conducted to estimate the relative risk of mortality attributed to NHL for farmers in Taiwan. Data on the decedents enrolled in this investigation were derived from the death certificate database for the period 1997-2009...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182223/tuberculosis-in-poland-in-2015
#19
Maria Korzeniewska-Koseła
AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the main features of TB epidemiology in 2015 in Poland and to compare with the data on the same phenomena in the EU/EEA countries. METHODS: Analysis of case – based data on TB patients from National TB Register, data on anti-TB drug susceptibility testing results in cases notified in 2015, data from National Institute of Public Health- National Institute of Hygiene on cases of tuberculosis as AIDS-defining disease, data from Central Statistical Office on deaths from tuberculosis based on death certificates, data from ECDC report „ European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control/WHO Regional Office for Europe...
2017: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180463/trends-of-out-of-hospital-sudden-cardiac-death-among-children-and-young-adults
#20
Iqbal El-Assaad, Sadeer G Al-Kindi, Peter F Aziz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous estimates of sudden cardiac death in children and young adults vary significantly, and population-based studies in the United States are lacking. We sought to estimate the incidence, causes, and mortality trends of sudden cardiac death in children and young adults (1-34 years). METHODS: Demographic and mortality data based on death certificates for US residents (1-34 years) were obtained (1999-2015). Cases of sudden death and sudden cardiac death were retrieved by using the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision codes...
November 27, 2017: Pediatrics
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