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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673342/medical-end-of-life-practices-in-swiss-cultural-regions-a-death-certificate-study
#1
Samia A Hurst, Ueli Zellweger, Georg Bosshard, Matthias Bopp
BACKGROUND: End-of-life decisions remain controversial. Switzerland, with three main languages shared with surrounding countries and legal suicide assistance, allows exploration of the effects of cultural differences on end-of-life practices within the same legal framework. METHODS: We conducted a death certificate study on a nationwide continuous random sample of Swiss residents. Using an internationally standardized tool, we sent 4998, 2965, and 1000 anonymous questionnaires to certifying physicians in the German-, French-, and Italian-speaking regions...
April 20, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672148/standard-death-certificates-versus-enhanced-surveillance-to-identify-heroin-overdose-related-deaths
#2
Isabelle L Horon, Pooja Singal, David R Fowler, Joshua M Sharfstein
OBJECTIVES: To compare 2 approaches to identifying heroin-related deaths in cases of overdose: standard death certificates and enhanced surveillance. METHODS: We reviewed Maryland death certificates from 2012 to 2015 in cases of overdose to determine specific mentions of heroin. Counts were compared with estimates obtained through an enhanced surveillance approach that included a protocol considering cause of death, toxicology, and scene investigation findings. RESULTS: Death certificates identified 1130 heroin-related deaths...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671279/lupus-an-unrecognized-leading-cause-of-death-in-young-women-population-based-study-using-nationwide-death-certificates-2000-2015
#3
Eric Y Yen, Ram R Singh
OBJECTIVE: Mortality statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is used for planning healthcare policy and allocating resources. CDC uses this data to compile its annual leading-causes-of-death ranking based on a selected list of 113 causes. SLE is not included on this list. Since the cause-of-death ranking is a useful tool for assessing the relative burden of cause-specific mortality, we ranked SLE deaths among CDC's leading causes-of-death to see whether SLE is a significant cause of death among women...
April 18, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669548/performance-of-insilicova-for-assigning-causes-of-death-to-verbal-autopsies-multisite-validation-study-using-clinical-diagnostic-gold-standards
#4
Abraham D Flaxman, Jonathan C Joseph, Christopher J L Murray, Ian Douglas Riley, Alan D Lopez
BACKGROUND: Recently, a new algorithm for automatic computer certification of verbal autopsy data named InSilicoVA was published. The authors presented their algorithm as a statistical method and assessed its performance using a single set of model predictors and one age group. METHODS: We perform a standard procedure for analyzing the predictive accuracy of verbal autopsy classification methods using the same data and the publicly available implementation of the algorithm released by the authors...
April 19, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666066/association-of-peripheral-artery-disease-with-incident-atrial-fibrillation-the-aric-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#5
Wobo Bekwelem, Faye L Norby, Sunil K Agarwal, Kunihiro Matsushita, Josef Coresh, Alvaro Alonso, Lin Y Chen
BACKGROUND: Although peripheral artery disease as defined by ankle-brachial index (ABI) is associated with incident atrial fibrillation (AF), questions remain about the risk of AF in borderline ABI (>0.90 to <1.0) or noncompressible arteries (>1.4). We evaluated the association of borderline ABI and ABI >1.4 in the ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) study, a population-based prospective cohort study. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 14 794 participants (age, 54...
April 17, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664815/long-term-posttraumatic-survival-of-spinal-fracture-patients-in-northern-finland
#6
Ville Niemi-Nikkola, Nelli Saijets, Henrikka Ylipoussu, Pietari Kinnunen, Juha Pesälä, Pirkka Mäkelä, Markku Alen, Mauri Kallinen, Aki Vainionpää
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective epidemiological study. OBJECTIVE: To reveal the long-term survival and causes of death after traumatic spinal fracture (TSF) and to determine the possible factors predicting death. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Increased mortality following osteoporotic spinal fracture has been represented in several studies. Earlier studies concerning mortality after TSF have focused on specific types of fractures, or else only the mortality of the acute phases has been documented...
April 16, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663344/circumstances-of-sudep-a-nationwide-population-based-case-series
#7
Olafur Sveinsson, Tomas Andersson, Sofia Carlsson, Torbjörn Tomson
OBJECTIVE: Given the increasing attention being paid to potential strategies for sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) prevention, we analyzed the circumstances of SUDEP and its incidence in relation to time of year, week, and day. METHODS: Prospective case-series based on persons with an all International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) code for epilepsy in the Swedish Patient Registry 1998-2005, who were alive on June 30, 2006 (n = 60 952). Linkage to the National Cause-of-Death Registry identified all deaths from July 2006 through December 2011, with epilepsy mentioned on death certificate, together with deaths during 2008 (n = 3166)...
April 17, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661562/initial-metabolic-profiles-are-associated-with-7-day-survival-among-infants-born-at-22-25-weeks-of-gestation
#8
Scott P Oltman, Elizabeth E Rogers, Rebecca J Baer, James G Anderson, Martina A Steurer, Matthew S Pantell, J Colin Partridge, Larry Rand, Kelli K Ryckman, Laura L Jelliffe-Pawlowski
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between early metabolic profiles combined with infant characteristics and survival past 7 days of age in infants born at 22-25 weeks of gestation. STUDY DESIGN: This nested case-control consisted of 465 singleton live births in California from 2005 to 2011 at 22-25 weeks of gestation. All infants had newborn metabolic screening data available. Data included linked birth certificate and mother and infant hospital discharge records...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655701/apoptosis-and-pro-death-autophagy-induced-by-a-spirostanol-saponin-isolated-from-rohdea-chinensis-baker-n-tanaka-synonym-tupistra-chinensis-baker-on-hl-60-cells
#9
Xiaomin Yi, Limin Xiang, Yuying Huang, Yihai Wang, Xiangjiu He
BACKGROUND: Our previous study has revealed that the spirostanol saponins isolated from the rhizomes of Rohdea chinensis (Baker) N. Tanaka (synonym Tupistra chinensis Baker) (Convallariaceae) (a reputed folk medicine) exhibited potent antiproliferative activity. However, the underlying mechanism of purified saponins remains unclear. More studies are necessary to assess the apoptosis and autophagy activities of the saponins from R. chinensis and clarify their antiproliferative mechanisms...
March 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652946/-impact-of-the-chilean-explicit-guaranties-health-system-ges-on-breast-cancer-treatment
#10
César Del Castillo Sm, M Elena Cabrera C, Lea Derio P, Fancy Gaete V, Gabriel Cavada Ch
Background Breast cancer is the most common malignant tumor in women in the world. In 2005, it was incorporated to the Explicit Guaranties Health System (GES) in Chile. Aim To describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of breast cancer patients and to determine the effect of incorporating these women to GES. Material and Methods Medical records of 5,119 women with breast cancer aged 59 ± 14 years, attended at six public hospitals between 2000 and 2010 were reviewed. Median follow up was 87 months (range 1-182)...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643921/air-pollution-and-cardiovascular-and-respiratory-disease-rationale-and-methodology-of-capacity-study
#11
Katayoun Rabiei, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini, Erfan Sadeghi, Tohid Jafari-Koshki, Mojtaba Rahimi, Mansour Shishehforoush, Ahmadreza Lahijanzadeh, Babak Sadeghian, Elham Moazam, Mohammad Bagher Mohebi, Victoria Ezatian, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: Considering the high level of air pollution and its impact on health, we aimed to study the correlation of air pollution with hospitalization and mortality of cardiovascular (CVD) and respiratory diseases (ResD) (CAPACITY) to determine the effects of air pollutants on CVD and ResD hospitalizations and deaths in Isfahan, Iran. METHODS: Hourly levels of air pollutants including particulate matter (PM), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and ozone (O3), information of CVD and ResD admissions and death certificate were obtained respectively from Department of Environment (DOE), Iran, hospitals and cemetery...
November 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627184/short-and-long-term-cause-of-death-in-patients-undergoing-isolated-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#12
Jawad H Butt, Rikke Sørensen, Caroline Bäck, Peter Skov Olsen, Kristinn Thorsteinsson, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Gunnar H Gislason, Lars Køber, Emil L Fosbøl
OBJECTIVES: Knowledge of the association between time and causes of death after coronary artery bypass grafting is sparse. We examined short- and long-term mortality and cause of death in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: With the use of Danish nationwide registries, we identified all patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting from 1998 to 2014. Cause of death was classified as cardiovascular or noncardiovascular according to death certificates...
March 11, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625083/comparative-trends-in-heart-disease-stroke-and-all-cause-mortality-in-the-united-states-and-a-large-integrated-healthcare-delivery-system
#13
Stephen Sidney, Michael E Sorel, Charles P Quesenberry, Marc G Jaffe, Matthew D Solomon, Mai N Nguyen-Huynh, Alan S Go, Jamal S Rana
OBJECTIVES: Heart disease and stroke remain among the leading causes of death nationally. We examined whether differences in recent trends in heart disease, stroke, and total mortality exist in the U.S. and Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC), a large integrated healthcare delivery system. METHODS: The main outcome measures were comparisons of U.S. and KPNC total, age-specific, and sex-specific changes from 2000 to 2015 in mortality rates from heart disease, coronary heart disease, stroke, and allcauses...
March 8, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608217/recovering-missing-mesothelioma-deaths-in-death-certificates-using-hospital-records
#14
Vilma S Santana, Eduardo Algranti, Felipe Campos, Franciana Cavalcante, Leonardo Salvi, Simone A Santos, Rosemeire N Inamine, William Souza, Dario Consonni
BACKGROUND: In Brazil, underreporting of mesothelioma and cancer of the pleura (MCP) is suspected to be high. Records from death certificates (SIM) and hospital registers (SIH-SUS) can be combined to recover missing data but only anonymous databases are available. This study shows how common data can be used for linkage and as an assessment of accuracy. METHODS: Mesothelioma (all sites, ICD-10 codes C45.0-C45.9) and cancer of the pleura (C38.4) were retrieved from both information systems and combined using a linkage algorithm...
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603226/are-statutory-requirements-followed-in-the-certification-of-traumatic-unexpected-and-unattended-deaths-in-missouri
#15
Pamela K Xaverius, Loise Wambuguh, Craig Ward, Joanne Salas, Elizabeth Alleman, Jeffrey Young, Jessica Berkemeier
Medical examiners and coroners (ME/Cs) investigate deaths important to public health. This cross-sectional study evaluated 343,412 death certificates from 2007 to 2012 in Missouri. We examined agreement between cause and manner of death by year and ME/C contact as well as 2010-2012 trends in ME/C contact. There was near perfect agreement between cause and manner of death when an ME/C was contacted (kappa=0.97, p < 0.0001) and a significant increase in the proportion of deaths with ME/C contact from 2010 to 2012 (p =< 0...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601479/burden-and-risk-factors-for-cold-related-illness-and-death-in-new-york-city
#16
Kathryn Lane, Kazuhiko Ito, Sarah Johnson, Elizabeth A Gibson, Andrew Tang, Thomas Matte
Exposure to cold weather can cause cold-related illness and death, which are preventable. To understand the current burden, risk factors, and circumstances of exposure for illness and death directly attributed to cold, we examined hospital discharge, death certificate, and medical examiner data during the cold season from 2005 to 2014 in New York City (NYC), the largest city in the United States. On average each year, there were 180 treat-and-release emergency department visits (average annual rate of 21.6 per million) and 240 hospital admissions (29...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600920/-death-after-a-fall-in-patients-with-advanced-dementia-cause-of-death-natural-or-unnatural
#17
E C M van Dingenen, M van Eijk, V G M Chel, D P Engberts, W P Achterberg
OBJECTIVE: This article describes and discusses the viewpoints of elderly care physicians and municipal coroners regarding the qualification of natural or unnatural deaths of nursing home residents with advanced dementia who fall. DESIGN: A digital questionnaire was sent to all elderly care physicians-in-training and their trainers in the Netherlands, and to all 23 municipal coroners in the Mid-Holland region. METHOD: As well as questions on knowledge of the Dutch law and prognostic figures concerning dementia-related death, the questionnaire described two cases with minimal differences...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599745/treatment-modality-and-quality-benchmarks-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-at-a-comprehensive-stroke-center
#18
Wengui Yu, Tapan Kavi, Tamara Majic, Kimberly Alva, Asma Moheet, Patrick Lyden, Wouter Schievink, Gregory Lekovic, Michael Alexander
Background: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is the most severe type of stroke. In 2012, the Joint Commission, in collaboration with the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA), launched the Advanced Certification for Comprehensive Stroke Centers (CSCs). This new level of certification was designed to promote higher standard of care for patients with complex stroke. Objective: The goal of this study was to examine the treatment modality and quality benchmarks of aSAH at one of the first five certified CSCs in the United States...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593337/end-of-life-decision-making-across-cancer-types-results-from-a-nationwide-retrospective-survey-among-treating-physicians
#19
Mariëtte N Verkissen, Dirk Houttekier, Joachim Cohen, Rik Schots, Kenneth Chambaere, Luc Deliens
BACKGROUND: The treatment of advanced cancer often involves potentially life-shortening end-of-life decisions (ELDs). This study aimed to examine the prevalence and characteristics of ELDs in different cancer types. METHODS: A nationwide death certificate study was conducted based on a large random sample of all deaths in Flanders, Belgium, between 1 January and 30 June 2013. All cancer deaths were selected (n = 2392). Attending physicians were sent a questionnaire about ELDs and the preceding decision-making process...
March 29, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579823/impact-of-clinical-simulation-training-in-transplantation
#20
N Marogna, R Bernardi, M Monti, G Costa, M Aguirre Mandau, J L de Echave
INTRODUCTION: The Hospital El Cruce is a high complexity center that performs transplants, both the procurement and the implant of organs and tissues. To deal with the low availability of organs and tissues from cadaveric donors it has been implemented the training through clinical simulation. OBJECTIVE: To assess if continuous training through procurement clinical simulation workshops modifies the production and quality indicators of organ and tissue procurement for transplantation in the hospital...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
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