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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045916/suicide-deaths-among-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-receiving-dialysis-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-of-64-000-patients-in-taiwan
#1
I-Ming Chen, Po-Hsien Lin, Vin-Cent Wu, Chi-Shin Wu, Jia-Chi Shan, Shu-Sen Chang, Shih-Cheng Liao
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who receive dialysis may experience increased distress and risk of suicide. METHODS: This population-based retrospective cohort study linked Taiwan's national register of ESRD patients on dialysis and the cause-of-death mortality data file. A separate multiple-cause-of-death data file was used to investigate the detailed suicide methods used. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated for the overall patient group and by sex, age, year of initiating dialysis, method of suicide, and time since initiation of dialysis...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045461/past-alcohol-consumption-and-incident-atrial-fibrillation-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#2
Shalini Dixit, Alvaro Alonso, Eric Vittinghoff, Elsayed Soliman, Lin Y Chen, Gregory M Marcus
BACKGROUND: Although current alcohol consumption is a risk factor for incident atrial fibrillation (AF), the more clinically relevant question may be whether alcohol cessation is associated with a reduced risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied participants enrolled in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (ARIC) between 1987 and 1989 without prevalent AF. Past and current alcohol consumption were ascertained at baseline and at 3 subsequent visits. Incident AF was ascertained via study ECGs, hospital discharge ICD-9 codes, and death certificates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036185/impact-of-social-inequalities-at-birth-on-the-longevity-of-children-born-1914-1916-a-cohort-study
#3
Nicolas Todd, Sophie Le Fur, Pierre Bougnères, Alain-Jacques Valleron
BACKGROUND: Testing whether familial socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood is a predictor of mortality has rarely been done on historical cohorts. METHODS: The birth certificates of 4,805 individuals born 1914-1916 in 16 districts of the Paris region were retrieved. The handwritten information provided the occupation of parents, the legitimacy status, life events (e.g. marriage, divorce), and the precise date of death when after 1945 (i.e. age 31 years (y) in the cohort)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023180/trends-in-early-prenatal-care-among-women-with-pre-existing-diabetes-have-income-disparities-changed
#4
Khadijah Breathett, Jessica Filley, Madhaba Pandey, Nayanjot Rai, Pamela N Peterson
BACKGROUND: Women with pre-existing diabetes are at high maternal risk for comorbidities and death, particularly when early prenatal care is not received. Low income is a known barrier to early prenatal care. It is unknown whether recent policies to expand access to prenatal care have reduced income disparities. We hypothesized that income disparities would be minimized and that the odds of receipt of first trimester prenatal care among women with pre-existing diabetes would become similar across income strata over time...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016598/quantifying-underreporting-of-law-enforcement-related-deaths-in-united-states-vital-statistics-and-news-media-based-data-sources-a-capture-recapture-analysis
#5
Justin M Feldman, Sofia Gruskin, Brent A Coull, Nancy Krieger
BACKGROUND: Prior research suggests that United States governmental sources documenting the number of law-enforcement-related deaths (i.e., fatalities due to injuries inflicted by law enforcement officers) undercount these incidents. The National Vital Statistics System (NVSS), administered by the federal government and based on state death certificate data, identifies such deaths by assigning them diagnostic codes corresponding to "legal intervention" in accordance with the International Classification of Diseases-10th Revision (ICD-10)...
October 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993421/burden-of-mortality-attributable-to-diagnosed-diabetes-a-nationwide-analysis-based-on-claims-data-from-65-million-people-in-germany
#6
Esther Jacobs, Annika Hoyer, Ralph Brinks, Oliver Kuss, Wolfgang Rathmann
OBJECTIVE: In Germany, as in many other countries, nationwide data on mortality attributable to diagnosed diabetes are not available. This study estimated the absolute number of excess deaths associated with diabetes (all types) and type 2 diabetes in Germany. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A prevalence approach that included nationwide routine data from 64.9 million people insured in the German statutory health insurance system in 2010 was used for the calculation...
October 9, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992249/association-of-dipstick-hematuria-with-all-cause-mortality-in-the-general-population-results-from-the-specific-health-check-and-guidance-program-in-japan
#7
Kunitoshi Iseki, Tsuneo Konta, Koichi Asahi, Kunihiro Yamagata, Shouichi Fujimoto, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Ichiei Narita, Masato Kasahara, Yugo Shibagaki, Toshiki Moriyama, Masahide Kondo, Chiho Iseki, Tsuyoshi Watanabe
Background: Dipstick urine tests are used for general health screening in Japan. The effects of this screening on mortality have not been examined, especially with regard to hematuria. Methods: Subjects were those who participated in the 2008 Tokutei-Kenshin (nationwide specific health check and guidance program) in six districts in Japan. Using the national database of death certificates from 2008 to 2012, we identified subjects who might have died. We verified the candidates in collaboration with the regional National Health Insurance agency and public health nurses...
July 12, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988610/trends-and-predictions-to-2020-in-breast-cancer-mortality-in-europe
#8
Greta Carioli, Matteo Malvezzi, Teresa Rodriguez, Paola Bertuccio, Eva Negri, Carlo La Vecchia
OBJECTIVES: We analyzed trends in mortality from breast cancer in women in 36 European countries and the European Union (EU) over the period 1970-2014, and predicted numbers of deaths and rates to 2020. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We derived breast cancer death certification data and population figures from the World Health Organization and Eurostat databases. We obtained 2020 estimates using a joinpoint regression model. RESULTS: Overall, EU breast cancer mortality rates (world standard) declined from 17...
October 4, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985442/periodontal-disease-and-pneumonia-mortality-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-7-year-cohort-study
#9
Masanori Iwasaki, George W Taylor, Shuji Awano, Akihiro Yoshida, Shota Kataoka, Toshihiro Ansai, Hidetoshi Nakamura
AIM: To evaluate the association between periodontal disease and pneumonia mortality in hemodialysis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 211 patients (mean age, 64.4 years) undergoing hemodialysis at a single medical center. The patients underwent a baseline clinical dental examination in 2008 and were then followed up until July 2015. Periodontal disease was defined as the presence of clinical attachment loss of ≥4 mm in ≥30% of the probed sites...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981481/suicide-trends-among-and-within-urbanization-levels-by-sex-race-ethnicity-age-group-and-mechanism-of-death-united-states-2001-2015
#10
Asha Z Ivey-Stephenson, Alex E Crosby, Shane P D Jack, Tadesse Haileyesus, Marcie-Jo Kresnow-Sedacca
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Suicide is a public health problem and one of the top 10 leading causes of death in the United States. Substantial geographic variations in suicide rates exist, with suicides in rural areas occurring at much higher rates than those occurring in more urban areas. Understanding demographic trends and mechanisms of death among and within urbanization levels is important to developing and targeting future prevention efforts. REPORTING PERIOD: 2001-2015...
October 6, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980616/-an-analysis-of-causes-of-death-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#11
N A Amosova, I G Smolentseva, О А Маslyuk, Yu V Pavlov, E L Gavrilov
AIM: To determine population mortality rate and reasons of death in Parkinson's disease (PD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: To analyze reasons of death, medical death certificates and postmortem records as well as official results of the Federal state statistics service were used. According to the register of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients during 2009-2012, the total mortality was 9.9%. The average age of patients died from the disease was 74.3 ± 2.4 years. The main reasons of death were PD (36...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978301/dying-comfortably-in-very-old-age-with-or-without-dementia-in-different-care-settings-a-representative-older-old-population-study
#12
Jane Fleming, Rowan Calloway, Anouk Perrels, Morag Farquhar, Stephen Barclay, Carol Brayne
BACKGROUND: Comfort is frequently ranked important for a good death. Although rising numbers of people are dying in very old age, many with dementia, little is known about symptom control for "older old" people or whether care in different settings enables them to die comfortably. This study aims to examine, in a population-representative sample, associations between factors potentially related to reported comfort during very old people's final illness: physical and cognitive disability, place of care and transitions in their final illness, and place of death...
October 5, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971027/hospital-trauma-level-s-association-with-outcomes-for-injured-pregnant-women-and-their-neonates-in-washington-state-1995-2012
#13
John Thomas Distelhorst, Michele A Soltis, Vijay Krishnamoorthy, Melissa A Schiff
BACKGROUND: Trauma occurs in 8% of all pregnancies. To date, no studies have evaluated the effect of the hospital's trauma designation level as it relates to birth outcomes for injured pregnant women. METHODS: This population-based, retrospective cohort study evaluated the association between trauma designation levels and injured pregnancy birth outcomes. We linked Washington State Birth and Fetal Death Certificate data and the Washington State Comprehensive Hospital Abstract Recording System...
July 2017: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969690/the-quality-of-medical-death-certification-of-cause-of-death-in-hospitals-in-rural-bangladesh-impact-of-introducing-the-international-form-of-medical-certificate-of-cause-of-death
#14
Riley H Hazard, Hafizur Rahman Chowdhury, Tim Adair, Adnan Ansar, A M Quaiyum Rahman, Saidul Alam, Nurul Alam, Rasika Rampatige, Peter Kim Streatfield, Ian Douglas Riley, Alan D Lopez
BACKGROUND: Accurate and timely data on cause of death are critically important for guiding health programs and policies. Deaths certified by doctors are implicitly considered to be reliable and accurate, yet the quality of information provided in the international Medical Certificate of Cause of Death (MCCD) usually varies according to the personnel involved in certification, the diagnostic capacity of the hospital, and the category of hospitals. There are no published studies that have analysed how certifying doctors in Bangladesh adhere to international rules when completing the MCCD or have assessed the quality of clinical record keeping...
October 2, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965850/trends-in-birth-weight-specific-and-adjusted-infant-mortality-rates-in-taiwan-between-2004-and-2011
#15
Fu-Wen Liang, Hung-Chieh Chou, Shu-Ti Chiou, Li-Hua Chen, Mei-Hwan Wu, Hung-Chi Lue, Tung-Liang Chiang, Tsung-Hsueh Lu
BACKGROUND: A yearly increase in the proportion of very low birth weight (VLBW) live births has resulted in the slowdown of decreasing trends in crude infant mortality rates (IMRs). In this study, we examined the trends in birth weight-specific as well as birth weight-adjusted IMRs in Taiwan. METHODS: We linked three nationwide datasets, namely the National Birth Reporting Database, National Birth Certification Registry, and National Death Certification Registry databases, to calculate the IMRs according to the birth weight category...
September 4, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959707/who-is-overdosing-an-updated-picture-of-overdose-deaths-from-2008-to-2015
#16
Gregory Eigner, Brian Henriksen, Philip Huynh, David Murphy, Christopher Brubaker, Jana Sanders, Deborah McMahan
PURPOSE: To determine the role of opioids in drug overdose deaths in Allen County, Indiana between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2015. METHODS: File review of 418 overdose deaths was performed using Indiana State Department of Health death certificates available through the Allen County Coroner's Office. Data from autopsy and toxicology reports and coroner-requested prescribing data from Indiana's Prescription Monitoring Program were reviewed. Cause of death and available data were analyzed to identify patterns and trends related to overdose deaths...
January 2017: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959070/review-of-errors-in-the-issue-of-medical-certificates-of-cause-of-death-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-ghana
#17
Patrick K Akakpo, Yaw A Awuku, Leonard Derkyi-Kwarteng, Kelvin A Gyamera, Sebastian Eliason
OBJECTIVE: Reliable mortality statistics are useful in determining national policies on preventive and interventional medicine. This study reviews, completed medical certificates of cause of death at the Cape Coast Teaching Hospital, in order to determine their accuracy and reliability. METHODS: A one-year review of Medical Certificates of Cause of Death (MCCD) signed between 01-01-2013 and 31-12-2013 in the medical, pediatric, surgical and obstetrics/gynecology departments of Cape Coast Teaching Hospital were done, analyzing for errors using the WHO/ICD-10 guidelines as the standard...
March 2017: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955489/mortality-in-patients-with-interstitial-lung-disease-treated-with-rituximab-or-tnfi-as-a-first-biologic
#18
Katie L Druce, Kundan Iqbal, Kath D Watson, Deborah P M Symmons, Kimme L Hyrich, Clive Kelly
OBJECTIVES: Guidelines cautioned prescribing of tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) to patients with rheumatoid arthritis and interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD) after reports of new or worsening of ILD. Less is known about outcomes among patients with RA-ILD who receive rituximab (RTX). This study compares mortality in patients with RA-ILD who received RTX or TNFi as their first biologic. METHODS: Participants with RA-ILD recruited to the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register for RA were included...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941601/refining-prediction-of-atrial-fibrillation-risk-in-the-general-population-with-analysis-of-p-wave-axis-from-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-study
#19
Ankit Maheshwari, Faye L Norby, Elsayed Z Soliman, Ryan Koene, Mary Rooney, Wesley T O'Neal, Alvaro Alonso, Lin Y Chen
Adverse atrial remodeling is associated with increased risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) and can be detected by a shift in P-wave axis. We aimed to determine whether an analysis of P-wave axis can be used to improve risk prediction of AF. We included 15,102 Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study participants who were free of AF at baseline. Abnormal P-wave axis (aPWA) was defined as any value outside 0 to 75 degrees on study visit 12-lead electrocardiograms. AF was determined using study visit electrocardiograms, death certificates, and hospital discharge records...
August 30, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938960/galectin-3-and-incidence-of-atrial-fibrillation-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Oluwaseun E Fashanu, Faye L Norby, David Aguilar, Christie M Ballantyne, Ron C Hoogeveen, Lin Y Chen, Elsayed Z Soliman, Alvaro Alonso, Aaron R Folsom
BACKGROUND: Galectin-3, a β-galactoside binding lectin involved in important regulatory roles in adhesion, inflammation, immunity, and fibrosis, may be relevant to atrial fibrillation (AF) etiology. METHODS: We included 8,436 participants free of AF at baseline (1996-1998) and with measures of plasma galectin-3 from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study. We ascertained incident AF through 2013 from study visit electrocardiograms, hospitalizations, and death certificates...
October 2017: American Heart Journal
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