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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456975/self-rated-health-and-mortality-due-to-kidney-diseases-racial-differences-in-the-united-states
#1
Shervin Assari
Background: Although the role of self-rated health (SRH) on all-cause mortality is known, we still do not know whether SRH predicts death due to specific causes (e.g., kidney disease). The current study aimed to compare Blacks and Whites on the association between SRH and mortality due to kidney diseases. A nationally representative sample of adults in the United States was used to provide generalizable results to the United States population. Materials and Methods: The Americans' Changing Lives study is a nationally representative cohort, conducted from 1986-2011...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455264/mortality-rate-and-predictors-in-children-under-15-years-old-who-acquired-hiv-from-mother-to-child-transmission-in-paraguay
#2
Gloria Aguilar, Angélica Espinosa Miranda, George W Rutherford, Sergio Munoz, Nancy Hills, Tania Samudio, Fernando Galeano, Anibal Kawabata, Carlos Miguel Rios González
We estimated mortality rate and predictors of death in children and adolescents who acquired HIV through mother-to-child transmission in Paraguay. In 2000-2014, we conducted a cohort study among children and adolescents aged < 15 years. We abstracted data from medical records and death certificates. We used the Cox proportional hazards model for the multivariable analysis of mortality predictors. A total of 302 subjects were included in the survey; 216 (71.5%) were younger than 5 years, 148 (51.0%) were male, and 214 (70...
February 17, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451614/agreement-between-underlying-cause-and-preventability-of-infant-deaths-before-and-after-the-investigation-in-recife-pernambuco-state-brazil-2014
#3
Lays Janaina Prazeres Marques, Dayane da Rocha Pimentel, Conceição Maria de Oliveira, Mirella Bezerra Rodrigues Vilela, Paulo Germano Frias, Cristine Vieira do Bonfim
OBJECTIVE: to assess the agreement and describe the causes and preventability of infant deaths before and after the investigation. METHODS: investigation files and death certificates of infants under one year, of mothers living in Recife, Brazil, in 2014 were used; the Cohen kappa index was adopted for agreement analysis of the underlying causes of death; the list of preventable causes of deaths by interventions of the Brazilian National Health System was also adopted...
2018: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446066/resource-use-during-the-last-6-months-of-life-of-individuals-dying-with-and-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
Kristof Faes, Joachim Cohen, Lieven Annemans
OBJECTIVES: To compare resource use during the last 6 months of life of individuals diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD) but for whom AD was not formally identified as the underlying cause of death (dying with AD) with that of those who had AD as underlying cause of death (dying of AD). DESIGN: Full-population retrospective analysis. SETTING: Belgium. PARTICIPANTS: All Belgian decedents in 2012. MEASUREMENTS: We linked participants' healthcare, population, and death certificate data...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444783/mortality-and-quality-of-death-certification-in-a-cohort-of-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-matched-controls-in-north-wales-uk-at-18-years-a-community-based-cohort-study
#5
Peter Hobson, Jolyon Meara
OBJECTIVE: This investigation reports the cause and the quality of death certification in a community cohort of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and controls at 18 years. SETTING: Denbighshire North Wales, UK. PARTICIPANTS: The community-based cohorts consisted of 166 patients with PD and 102 matched controls. PRIMARY OUTCOMES: All-cause mortality was ascertained at 18 years by review of hospitals' primary care records and examination of death certificates obtained from the UK General Register Office...
February 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433471/mortality-estimates-among-adult-patients-with-severe-acute-respiratory-infections-from-two-sentinel-hospitals-in-southern-arizona-united-states-2010-2014
#6
Steve R Barnes, Zimy Wansaula, Kristen Herrick, Eyal Oren, Kacey Ernst, Sonja J Olsen, Mariana G Casal
BACKGROUND: From October 2010 through February 2016, Arizona conducted surveillance for severe acute respiratory infections (SARI) among adults hospitalized in the Arizona-Mexico border region. There are few accurate mortality estimates in SARI patients, particularly in adults ≥ 65 years old. The purpose of this study was to generate mortality estimates among SARI patients that include deaths occurring shortly after hospital discharge and identify risk factors for mortality. METHODS: Patients admitted to two sentinel hospitals between 2010 and 2014 who met the SARI case definition were enrolled...
February 12, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430760/corrected-us-opioid-involved-drug-poisoning-deaths-and-mortality-rates-1999-2015
#7
Christopher J Ruhm
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Most prior estimates of opioid-involved drug poisoning mortality counts or rates are understated because the specific drugs leading to death are frequently not identified on death certificates. This analysis provides corrected national estimates of opioid and heroin/synthetic opioid-involved counts and mortality rates, as well as changes over time in them from 1999 to 2015. METHODS: Data on drug poisoning deaths to US residents from 1999 to 2015, obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Multiple Cause of Death (MCOD) files, were used with the drugs involved in fatal overdoses imputed when not identified on the death certificates...
February 12, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428888/medical-provision-and-urban-rural-differences-in-maternal-mortality-in-late-nineteenth-century-scotland
#8
Alice Reid, Eilidh Garrett
This paper examines the effect of variable reporting and coding practices on the measurement of maternal mortality in urban and rural Scotland, 1861-1901, using recorded causes of death and women who died within six weeks of childbirth. This setting provides data (n = 604 maternal deaths) to compare maternal mortality identified by cause of death with maternal mortality identified by record linkage and to contrast urban and rural settings with different certification practices. We find that underreporting was most significant for indirect causes, and that indirect causes accounted for a high proportion of maternal mortality where the infectious disease load was high...
February 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412430/neonatal-sepsis-mortality-in-a-municipality-in-southern-brazil-2000-to-2013
#9
Jakeline Barbara Alves, Flávia Lopes Gabani, Rosângela Aparecida Pimenta Ferrari, Mauren Teresa Grubisich Mendes Tacla, Arnildo Linck Júnior
OBJECTIVE: To describe the neonatal mortality coefficient attributed to sepsis and other causes, and to report the maternal, neonatal and death characteristics of newborn infants that died in the city of Londrina, Paraná, in Southern Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with a time series analysis. Neonatal deaths that contained neonatal sepsis records in any field of the death certificate between the years 2000 and 2013 were studied. The years were grouped into biennia, and cause specific neonatal mortality coefficient was calculated, according to the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision...
January 15, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407878/association-of-carotid-atherosclerosis-and-stiffness-with-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#10
Lu Yao, Aaron R Folsom, Alvaro Alonso, Pamela L Lutsey, James S Pankow, Weihua Guan, Susan Cheng, Frank A Lederle, Weihong Tang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Individuals with atherosclerosis and stiffness often have increased abdominal aortic diameters, but prospective evidence linking them to the risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is limited. METHODS: We prospectively examined the relationship of carotid atherosclerosis and stiffness with future risk of AAA in ARIC. At Visits 1 (1987-89) or 2 (1990-1992), we assessed carotid atherosclerosis (represented by greater carotid intima-media thickness [cIMT] or presence of atherosclerotic plaque) and lower carotid distensibility (reflected by a higher carotid Beta Index)...
February 2, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401361/a-multiple-imputation-forward-bridging-approach-to-address-changes-in-the-classification-of-asian-race-ethnicity-on-the-us-death-certificate
#11
Caroline A Thompson, Derek B Boothroyd, Katherine G Hastings, Mark R Cullen, Latha P Palaniappan, David H Rehkopf
The incomparability of old and new classification systems for describing the same data can be seen as a missing-data problem, and, under certain assumptions, multiple imputation may be used to "bridge" 2 classification systems. One example of such a change is the introduction of detailed Asian-American race/ethnicity classifications on the 2003 version of the US national death certificate, which was adopted for use by 38 states between 2003 and 2011. Using county- and decedent-level data from 3 different national sources for pre- and postadoption years, we fitted within-state multiple-imputation models to impute ethnicities for decedents classified as "other Asian" during preadoption years...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395608/leading-causes-of-death-among-decedents-with-mention-of-schizophrenia-on-the-death-certificates-in-the-united-states
#12
Jin-Jia Lin, Fu-Weng Liang, Chung-Yi Li, Tsung-Hsueh Lu
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the changes in the ranking of leading cause of death (COD) among people died with schizophrenia across years in the United States (U.S.). This study aims to determine the ranking of leading COD among U.S. decedents with mention of schizophrenia by age from 2000 to 2015. METHODS: The mortality multiple COD files maintained by the National Center for Health Statistics were used to identify decedents aged 15 years old and above with mention of schizophrenia anywhere on the death certificates to determine the number and proportion of deaths attributed to various underlying CODs...
January 30, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393967/inpatient-utilization-and-disparities-the-last-year-of-life-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-oncology-patients-in-california
#13
Emily E Johnston, Elysia Alvarez, Olga Saynina, Lee M Sanders, Smita Bhatia, Lisa J Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Studies of adolescent and young adult (AYA) oncology end-of-life care utilization are critical because cancer is the leading cause of nonaccidental AYA death and end-of-life care contributes significantly to health care expenditures. This study was designed to determine the quantity of and disparities in inpatient utilization in the last year of life of AYAs with cancer. METHODS: The California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development administrative discharge database, linked to death certificates, was used to perform a population-based analysis of cancer patients aged 15 to 39 years who died in 2000-2011...
February 2, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389917/surveillance-for-violent-deaths-national-violent-death-reporting-system-18-states-2014
#14
Katherine A Fowler, Shane P D Jack, Bridget H Lyons, Carter J Betz, Emiko Petrosky
PROBLEM/CONDITION: In 2014, approximately 59,000 persons died in the United States as a result of violence-related injuries. This report summarizes data from CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regarding violent deaths from 18 U.S. states for 2014. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, location of injury, method of injury, circumstances of injury, and other selected characteristics. REPORTING PERIOD COVERED: 2014...
February 2, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385140/underreporting-of-deaths-in-the-maternal-deaths-surveillance-system-in-one-region-of-morocco
#15
Saloua Abouchadi, Wei-Hong Zhang, Vincent De Brouwere
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reliability of maternal deaths surveillance system (MDSS) and to determine the factors that influence its completeness in one region of Morocco. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective survey in "Gharb Chrarda Bni Hssen" region (GCBH) between January the 1st, 2013 and September the 30th, 2014 using multiple sources approach. All deaths of women of reproductive age (WRA) were investigated using certificates with medical cause, medical records and interviews with household members and relatives to ascertain a pregnancy-related or maternal death...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382929/energy-savings-emission-reductions-and-health-co-benefits-of-the-green-building-movement
#16
REVIEW
MacNaughton P, Cao X, Buonocore J, Cedeno-Laurent J, Spengler J, Bernstein A, Allen J
Buildings consume nearly 40% of primary energy production globally. Certified green buildings substantially reduce energy consumption on a per square foot basis and they also focus on indoor environmental quality. However, the co-benefits to health through reductions in energy and concomitant reductions in air pollution have not been examined.We calculated year by year LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certification rates in six countries (the United States, China, India, Brazil, Germany, and Turkey) and then used data from the Green Building Information Gateway (GBIG) to estimate energy savings in each country each year...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382218/motor-neuron-disease-mortality-rates-in-new-zealand-1992-2013
#17
Maize C Cao, Andrew Chancellor, Alison Charleston, Mike Dragunow, Emma L Scotter
BACKGROUND: We determined the mortality rates of motor neuron disease (MND) in New Zealand over 22 years from 1992 to 2013. Previous studies have found an unusually high and/or increasing incidence of MND in certain regions of New Zealand; however, no studies have examined MND rates nationwide to corroborate this. METHODS: Death certificate data coded G12.2 by International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 coding, or 335.2 by ICD-9 coding were obtained. These codes specify amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, progressive bulbar palsy, or other motor neuron diseases as the underlying cause of death...
January 30, 2018: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381397/surveillance-of-traffic-incident-management-related-occupational-fatalities-in-kentucky-2005-2016
#18
T L Bunn, S Slavova, M Chandler, N Hanner, M Singleton
OBJECTIVE: Traffic incidents occurring on roadways require the coordinated effort of multiple responder and recovery entities including communications, law enforcement, fire and rescue, emergency medical services, hazardous materials, transportation agencies, and towing and recovery. The objectives of this study were to 1) identify and characterize transportation incident management (TIM) - related occupational fatalities; 2) assess concordance of surveillance data sources in identifying TIM occupations, driver vs...
January 30, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374607/incidence-comorbidities-and-mortality-in-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus
#19
Okko T Pyykkö, Ossi Nerg, Hanna-Mari Niskasaari, Timo Niskasaari, Anne M Koivisto, Mikko Hiltunen, Jussi Pihlajamäki, Tuomas Rauramaa, Maria Kojoukhova, Irina Alafuzoff, Hilkka Soininen, Juha E Jääskeläinen, Ville Leinonen
OBJECT: To investigate incidence, comorbidities, mortality, and causes of death in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). METHODS: A cohort of 536 patients with possible NPH from a defined population with a median follow-up time of 5.1 years (range 0.04-19.9) was included in the study. Patients were evaluated by brain imaging and intraventricular pressure monitoring with a brain biopsy immunostained against amyloid-β and hyperphosphorylated tau. Hospital records were reviewed for vascular diseases and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)...
January 25, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373595/hospitalizations-due-to-unintentional-transport-injuries-among-aboriginal-population-of-british-columbia-canada-incidence-changes-over-time-and-ecological-analysis-of-risk-markers
#20
Mariana Brussoni, M Anne George, Andrew Jin, Ofer Amram, Rod McCormick, Christopher E Lalonde
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, Indigenous people have disproportionately higher rates of transport injuries. We examined disparities in injury-related hospitalizations resulting from transport incidents for three population groups in British Columbia (BC): total population, Aboriginal off-reserve, and Aboriginal on-reserve populations. We also examined sociodemographic, geographic and ethnic risk markers for disparities. METHODS: We identified Aboriginal people through BC's universal health care insurance plan insurance premium group and birth and death record notations...
2018: PloS One
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