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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086972/fatal-anaphylaxis-registries-data-support-changes-in-the-who-anaphylaxis-mortality-coding-rules
#1
REVIEW
Luciana Kase Tanno, F Estelle R Simons, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Moises A Calderon, Ségolène Aymé, Pascal Demoly
Anaphylaxis is defined as a severe life-threatening generalized or systemic hypersensitivity reaction. The difficulty of coding anaphylaxis fatalities under the World Health Organization (WHO) International Classification of Diseases (ICD) system is recognized as an important reason for under-notification of anaphylaxis deaths. On current death certificates, a limited number of ICD codes are valid as underlying causes of death, and death certificates do not include the word anaphylaxis per se. In this review, we provide evidences supporting the need for changes in WHO mortality coding rules and call for addition of anaphylaxis as an underlying cause of death on international death certificates...
January 13, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081064/using-national-inpatient-death-rates-as-a-benchmark-to-identify-hospitals-with-inaccurate-cause-of-death-reporting-missouri-2009-2012
#2
Jennifer Lloyd, Ehsan Jahanpour, Brian Angell, Craig Ward, Andy Hunter, Cherri Baysinger, George Turabelidze
Reporting causes of death accurately is essential to public health and hospital-based programs; however, some U.S. studies have identified substantial inaccuracies in cause of death reporting. Using CDC's national inpatient hospital death rates as a benchmark, the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services (DHSS) analyzed inpatient death rates reported by hospitals with high inpatient death rates in St. Louis and Kansas City metro areas. Among the selected hospitals with high inpatient death rates, 45...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076576/-optimization-of-registry-of-deaths-from-chronic-kidney-disease-in-agricultural-communities-in-central-america
#3
José Antonio Escamilla-Cejudo, Jorge Lara Báez, Rodolfo Peña, Patricia Lorena Ruiz Luna, Pedro Ordunez
Several Central American countries are seeing continued growth in the number of deaths from chronic kidney disease of nontraditional causes (CKDnT) among farm workers and there is underreporting. This report presents the results of a consensus process coordinated by the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO), the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the Latin American Society of Nephrology and Hypertension (SLANH). This consensus seeks to increase the probability of detecting and recording deaths from these causes...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074548/annual-report-of-the-perinatology-committee-japan-society-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology-2015-proposal-of-urgent-measures-to-reduce-maternal-deaths
#4
Satoru Takeda, Jun Takeda, Keisuke Murakami, Takahiko Kubo, Hiromi Hamada, Maki Murakami, Shintaro Makino, Hiroaki Itoh, Takashi Ohba, Katsuhiko Naruse, Hiroaki Tanaka, Naohiro Kanayama, Shigeki Matsubara, Hiroshi Sameshima, Tomoaki Ikeda
Perinatal care in Japan has progressed rapidly in recent decades, remarkably reducing maternal, perinatal and neonatal mortality rates. This is attributable not only to the sustained efforts and dedication of past obstetricians and midwives, but also to the collective results achieved by the Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology and healthcare administration, including research on advanced medical care, education, medical care improvements and establishing perinatal care centers. Although the maternal mortality rate was in steady decline until 2007 (3...
January 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072704/sudden-death-due-to-the-atrioventricular-node-contusion-three-cases-report
#5
Wenhe Li, Lin Zhang, Yue Liang, Fang Tong, Yiwu Zhou
INTRODUCTION: Atrioventricular node (AVN) contusion usually results in cardiogenic shock and arrhythmia and is a rare but fatal condition. The condition is difficult to diagnose and easily overlooked because it develops rapidly and is asymptomatic. We here report 3 cases that demonstrate blunt chest impact and hemorrhages of the posterior atrioventricular junction, eventually result in death. CLINICAL FINDINGS: Autopsy and histological examination were performed on all cases...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070671/place-of-death-of-children-with-complex-chronic-conditions-cross-national-study-of-11-countries
#6
Cecilia Håkanson, Joakim Öhlén, Ulrika Kreicbergs, Marylou Cardenas-Turanzas, Donna M Wilson, Martin Loucka, Sandra Frache, Lucia Giovannetti, Wayne Naylor, YongJoo Rhee, Miguel Ruiz Ramos, Joan Teno, Kim Beernaert, Luc Deliens, Dirk Houttekier, Joachim Cohen
: Cross-national understanding of place of death is crucial for health service systems for their provision of efficient and equal access to paediatric palliative care. The objectives of this population-level study were to examine where children with complex chronic conditions (CCC) die and to investigate associations between places of death and sex, cause of death and country. The study used death certificate data of all deceased 1- to 17-year-old children (n = 40,624) who died in 2008, in 11 European and non-European countries...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065618/pathological-features-and-clinical-behavior-of-lynch-syndrome-associated-ovarian-cancer
#7
N A J Ryan, D G Evans, K Green, E J Crosbie
OBJECTIVE: Lynch syndrome (LS) is an inherited tumor predisposition condition caused by mutations in the mismatch repair (MMR) genes. Mutation carriers are at increased risk of various malignancies, including ovarian cancer (OC). Relatively little is known about the pathological features and clinical behavior of LS associated OC. METHODS: We analyzed the data of 1047 proven MMR mutated individuals from a prospectively maintained database at a large referral center for genomic medicine in the North West of England...
January 5, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063180/do-occupational-exposures-to-vinyl-chloride-cause-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-cirrhosis
#8
Marcello Lotti
Controversy exists about the association between occupational exposures to vinyl chloride and hepatocellular carcinoma and cirrhosis. Two large multicentre mortality cohort studies, one American and another European, reported higher mortality for primary cancer of liver and biliary tract. However, the American study was not able to rule out misclassification, because based on death certificates and under the heading primary liver cancers, some angiosarcomas, the typical neoplasia associated with vinyl chloride, may have been included...
January 7, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061807/gender-differences-in-sudden-cardiac-death-in-the-young-a-nationwide-study
#9
Bo Gregers Winkel, Bjarke Risgaard, Thea Bjune, Reza Jabbari, Thomas Hadberg Lynge, Charlotte Glinge, Henning Bundgaard, Stig Haunsø, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen
BACKGROUND: Hitherto, sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the young has been described with no distinction between genders. SCD occurs more often in men (SCDm) than women (SCDw), but this disparity is not understood and has not been investigated systematically in a nationwide setting. Our objective was to report gender differences in SCD in the young in a nationwide (Denmark) setting. METHODS: All deaths in persons aged 1-35 years nationwide in Denmark between 2000 and 2009 were included...
January 7, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056893/demographic-profile-and-pattern-of-fatal-injuries-in-nairobi-kenya-january-june-2014
#10
Gladwell Koku Gathecha, Wilfred Mwai Githinji, Alfred Karagu Maina
BACKGROUND: Violence and Injuries are a significant global public health concern characterized by marked regional variation in incidence. Approximately five million people die from injuries each year, accounting 9% of all deaths worldwide. In Kenya, injuries are increasingly becoming a cause of hospital admissions and mortality where they account for 10% of all the deaths. The objective of this study was to determine the magnitude, demographic profile and pattern of fatal injuries in Nairobi...
January 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047831/we-f-brc-00-keynote-address-learning-from-medical-errors-a-partnership-for-progress
#11
Michael Herman, Jean Moran
: Leilani Schweitzer understands medical error as few others do: through the death of her child. Faced with this profound loss, she has made a choice. Instead of pursing action through the courts she works with healthcare community to understand why mistakes happen and what can be done to respond to them in a meaningful way. In this keynote address for the TG100 Certificate Course on Risk Analysis, she will share her story and the lessons that have emerged. She will highlight the importance of investigating and understanding errors, as well as the role of leadership in accomplishing this...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047175/we-f-brc-01-keynote-address-learning-from-medical-errors-a-partnership-for-progress
#12
L Schweitzer
: Leilani Schweitzer understands medical error as few others do: through the death of her child. Faced with this profound loss, she has made a choice. Instead of pursing action through the courts she works with healthcare community to understand why mistakes happen and what can be done to respond to them in a meaningful way. In this keynote address for the TG100 Certificate Course on Risk Analysis, she will share her story and the lessons that have emerged. She will highlight the importance of investigating and understanding errors, as well as the role of leadership in accomplishing this...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039870/outcomes-of-treated-hypertension-at-age-80-and-older-cohort-analysis-of-79-376-individuals
#13
João Delgado, Jane A H Masoli, Kirsty Bowman, W David Strain, George A Kuchel, Kate Walters, Louise Lafortune, Carol Brayne, David Melzer, Alessandro Ble
OBJECTIVES: To estimate outcomes according to attained blood pressure (BP) in the oldest adults treated for hypertension in routine family practice. DESIGN: Cohort analysis of primary care inpatient and death certificate data for individuals with hypertension. SETTING: Primary care practices in England (Clinical Practice Research Datalink). PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 80 and older taking antihypertensive medication and free of dementia, cancer, coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure, and end-stage renal failure at baseline...
December 30, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034653/the-influence-of-interpregnancy-interval-on-infant-mortality
#14
David Mckinney, Melissa House, Aimin Chen, Louis Muglia, Emily Defranco
BACKGROUND: In Ohio the infant mortality rate is above the national average and the black infant mortality rate is more than twice the white infant mortality rate. Having a short interpregnancy interval has been shown to correlate with preterm birth and low birth weight, but the effect of short interpregnancy interval on infant mortality is less well established. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the population impact of interpregnancy interval on the risk of infant mortality...
December 26, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033313/increases-in-drug-and-opioid-involved-overdose-deaths-united-states-2010-2015
#15
Rose A Rudd, Puja Seth, Felicita David, Lawrence Scholl
The U.S. opioid epidemic is continuing, and drug overdose deaths nearly tripled during 1999-2014. Among 47,055 drug overdose deaths that occurred in 2014 in the United States, 28,647 (60.9%) involved an opioid (1). Illicit opioids are contributing to the increase in opioid overdose deaths (2,3). In an effort to target prevention strategies to address the rapidly changing epidemic, CDC examined overall drug overdose death rates during 2010-2015 and opioid overdose death rates during 2014-2015 by subcategories (natural/semisynthetic opioids, methadone, heroin, and synthetic opioids other than methadone)...
December 30, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030930/years-of-life-lost-of-inhabitants-of-rural-areas-in-poland-due-to-premature-mortality-caused-by-external-reasons-of-death-1999-2012
#16
Marek Bryła, Irena Maniecka-Bryła, Monika Burzyńska, Małgorzata Pikala
INTRODUCTION: External causes of death are the third most common causes of death, after cardiovascular diseases and malignant neoplasms, in inhabitants of Poland. External causes of death pose the greatest threat to people aged 5-44, which results in a great number of years of life lost. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is the analysis of years of life lost due to external causes of death among rural inhabitants in Poland, particularly due to traffic accidents and suicides...
23, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019113/-analysis-of-death-certificates-in-postmortem-examination-waivers
#17
Csaba Turzó, Péter Juhász, Zoltán Papp, Zoltán Szöllősi
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The practices of autopsies and waivers in three Hungarian counties subject to the same statutory framework in a 5-year interval have been examined, with special attention to cases of non-natural death. METHOD: The summary data included in the post mortem examination certificates, for the years between 2006 and 2010, in a breakdown according to counties, covering all cases of death were analysed. The work was assisted by a Java-based software programme...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008698/prognostic-burden-of-heart-failure-recorded-in-primary-care-acute-hospital-admissions-or-both-a-population-based-linked-electronic-health-record-cohort-study-in-2-1-million-people
#18
Stefan Koudstaal, Mar Pujades-Rodriguez, Spiros Denaxas, Johannes M I H Gho, Anoop D Shah, Ning Yu, Riyaz S Patel, Chris P Gale, Arno W Hoes, John G Cleland, Folkert W Asselbergs, Harry Hemingway
AIMS: The prognosis of patients hospitalized for worsening heart failure (HF) is well described, but not that of patients managed solely in non-acute settings such as primary care or secondary outpatient care. We assessed the distribution of HF across levels of healthcare, and assessed the prognostic differences for patients with HF either recorded in primary care (including secondary outpatient care) (PC), hospital admissions alone, or known in both contexts. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study was part of the CALIBER programme, which comprises linked data from primary care, hospital admissions, and death certificates for 2...
December 23, 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005599/trends-in-net-survival-from-15-cancers-in-six-european-latin-countries-the-sudcan-population-based-study-material
#19
Emanuele Crocetti, Nadine Bossard, Zoe Uhry, Laurent Roche, Silvia Rossi, Riccardo Capocaccia, Jean Faivre
The aim of the SUDCAN collaborative study was to compare the net survival from 15 cancers diagnosed in 2000-2004 in six European Latin countries and provide trends in net survival and dynamics of excess mortality rates up to 5 years after diagnosis from 1992 to 2004 in France, Italy, Spain, and Switzerland, and from 2000 to 2004 in Belgium and Portugal. This paper presents a detailed description of the data analyzed and quality indicators. Incident cases from Belgium, France, Italy, Portugal, Spain, and Switzerland were retrieved from 56 general or specialized population-based cancer registries that participated in the EUROCARE-5 database...
January 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000427/incidence-and-survival-of-childhood-leukemia-in-recife-brazil-a-population-based-analysis
#20
Mecneide Mendes Lins, Marceli de Oliveira Santos, Maria de Fátima Pessoa Militão de Albuquerque, Claudia Cristina Lima de Castro, Maria Julia Gonçalves Mello, Beatriz de Camargo
BACKGROUND: Leukemia is the most common pediatric cancer with incidence rates of around 48 per million for children under 15 years of age. The median age-adjusted incidence rate (AAIR) in children aged 0-14 years in Brazil is 53.3 per million. While overall survival rates for children with leukemia have improved significantly, data for incidence, trends, and relative survival among children and adolescents with leukemia in Recife, Brazil, remain incomplete, which hampers our analyses and provision of the best healthcare...
December 21, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
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