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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919419/pulmonary-embolism-does-the-seasonal-effect-depend-on-age-a-12-year-nationwide-analysis-of-hospitalization-and-mortality
#1
V Olié, C Bonaldi
BACKGROUND: Circannual variations in the incidence and mortality of pulmonary embolism (PE) have been previously described although conflicting observations have been reported. However, the association between age and seasonal variations of incidence and mortality rates is not established. This nationwide study aimed to assess the seasonal pattern in hospitalizations and mortality for PE along with the effect of age. METHODS: Comprehensive records from the French hospital discharge databases between 2002 and 2013 and death certificates between 2000 and 2010 were used...
November 30, 2016: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910804/sudden-cardiac-death-a-nationwide-cohort-study-among-the-young
#2
Bjarke Risgaard
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a tragic event affecting millions of individuals worldwide. Although several studies have investigated the epidemiology of SCD, these studies may have been affected by reporting and referral biases, which are reflected in the very different incidence rates and causes of deaths that have previously been reported. Among SCD victims aged < 36 years, inherited cardiac diseases are well known to play an important role. However, the extent to which inherited cardiac diseases also play a role in SCD victims aged < 50 years has not been completely described...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908535/mortality-profile-of-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-france-and-its-change-in-10-years
#3
Jérôme Avouac, Fazia Amrouche, Christophe Meune, Grégoire Rey, André Kahan, Yannick Allanore
OBJECTIVE: To study the mortality profile of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in France. METHODS: Data were collected between 2000 and 2011 from the French Epidemiological Center for the Medical Causes of Death database; all death certificates from adults that either mentioned RA as an underlying cause of death (UCD) or as an associated cause of death (ACD) were evaluated using multiple-cause-of-death analysis. The different causes of death and their frequency were reported, together with the ratio of observed/expected number of death (O/E ratio) to measure the strength of association between RA listed as an ACD and the corresponding UCD...
October 29, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906989/factors-associated-with-cancer-and-non-cancer-related-deaths-among-taiwanese-patients-with-diabetes-after-17-years-of-follow-up
#4
Chin-Hsiao Tseng
OBJECTIVE: A previous 12-year follow-up of a large diabetes cohort in Taiwan suggested a survival advantage in the patients with obesity. The present study further investigated additional determinants for cancer and non-cancer death in the cohort after a follow-up of 17 years. METHODS: A cohort of 92546 diabetes patients recruited since 1995 was followed for vital status by matching the National Death Certificate Database until 2011. Cox regression estimated the hazard ratios for the following variables: age at baseline, sex, diabetes type, screen-detected diabetes (diabetes diagnosed accidentally through epidemiological screening programs or during visits to medical settings without a history of diabetes), diabetes duration, body mass index, insulin use, hypertension, smoking, and living region...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905953/improving-the-usefulness-of-us-mortality-data-new-methods-for-reclassification-of-underlying-cause-of-death
#5
Kyle J Foreman, Mohsen Naghavi, Majid Ezzati
BACKGROUND: Mortality data are affected by miscertification of the medical cause of death deaths and changes to cause of death classification systems. We present both mappings of ICD9 and ICD10 to a unified list of causes, and a new statistical model for reducing the impact of misclassification of cause of death. METHODS: We propose a Bayesian mixed-effects multinomial logistic model that can be run on individual record level death certificates to reclassify "garbage-coded" deaths onto causes that are more meaningful for public health purposes...
April 28, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905940/drug-poisoning-deaths-in-the-united-states-1999-2012-a-statistical-adjustment-analysis
#6
Christopher J Ruhm
BACKGROUND: Drug poisoning mortality in the US has risen rapidly but the drugs involved are frequently unspecified on death certificates. METHODS: Reported and adjusted proportions of specific drug types involved in fatal drug poisonings were calculated using vital statistics mortality data from 1999 to 2012. The adjusted proportions were those predicted to occur if at least one specific type of drug had been identified on the death certificates of all poisoning fatalities...
January 15, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905939/causes-of-death-in-vanuatu
#7
Karen Carter, Viran Tovu, Jeffrey Tila Langati, Michael Buttsworth, Lester Dingley, Andy Calo, Griffith Harrison, Chalapati Rao, Alan D Lopez, Richard Taylor
BACKGROUND: The population of the Pacific Melanesian country of Vanuatu was 234,000 at the 2009 census. Apart from subsistence activities, economic activity includes tourism and agriculture. Current completeness of vital registration is considered too low to be usable for national statistics; mortality and life expectancy (LE) are derived from indirect demographic estimates from censuses/surveys. Some cause of death (CoD) data are available to provide information on major causes of premature death...
March 15, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901244/trends-in-mortality-from-ill-defined-causes-among-the-elderly-in-brazil-1979-2013-ecological-study
#8
Davi Félix Martins, Ridalva Dias Martins Felzemburg, Acácia Batista Dias, Tania Maria Costa, Pedro Nascimento Prates Santos
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Mortality measurements are traditionally used as health indicators and are useful in describing a population's health situation through reporting injuries that lead to death. The aim here was to analyze the temporal trend of proportional mortality from ill-defined causes (IDCs) among the elderly in Brazil from 1979 to 2013. DESIGN AND SETTING: Ecological study using data from the Mortality Information System of the Brazilian Ministry of Health...
September 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895438/the-quality-of-death-certification-practice-in-greece
#9
G Filippatos, P Andriopoulos, G Panoutsopoulos, S Zyga, K Souliotis, V Gennimata, M Tsironi
BACKGROUND: Death certification represents an excellent source for mortality statistics and appropriate public health surveillance. Errors in reporting the cause of death impede the development of national health policies and, accordingly, allocation of resources. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of errors in the cause of death and to identify factors that may be associated with inaccuracies in death certificates. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of all natural death certifications in a defined Greek region was conducted over the period 2006-2010...
January 2016: Hippokratia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892444/mortality-patterns-among-hospital-deaths
#10
R K Karki
Background Death occurring in hospital is medically certified by attending physicians with cause of death. In developing countries such as Nepal, limited resources are available related to the pattern of deaths that occur in hospitals, so that the health priorities can be selected wisely. Objective The objective of this study was to determine the pattern, frequency and causes of inpatient mortality in hospital. Method This was a retrospective study of all deaths occurred at the Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University Hospital, Dhulikhel from 1st January 2012 to 31st December 2013...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891829/prepregnancy-obesity-and-the-racial-disparity-in-infant-mortality
#11
Lara S Lemon, Ashley I Naimi, Barbara Abrams, Jay S Kaufman, Lisa M Bodnar
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the extent to which prepregnancy obesity explains the Black-White disparity in stillbirth and infant mortality. METHODS: A population-based study of linked Pennsylvania birth-infant death certificates (2003-2011; n = 1,055,359 births) and fetal death certificates (2006-2011; n = 3,102 stillbirths) for all singleton pregnancies in non-Hispanic (NH) White and NH Black women was conducted. Inverse probability weighted regression was used to estimate the role of prepregnancy obesity in explaining the race-infant/fetal death association...
December 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888819/lost-life-years-due-to-premature-deaths-caused-by-diseases-of-the-digestive-system-in-poland-in-2013
#12
Paulina Paciej, Beata Ciabiada, Irena Maniecka-Bryła
BACKGROUND: In order to evaluate the health status of a population, besides indicators measuring the incidence of diseases and deaths, potential measures are becoming more frequently used, ie. measures that take into account life-time potential of the individuals in the population. They can particularly by applied to analyse the problem of premature mortality, which is measured by lost life years. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate life years lost due to diseases of digestive system in Polish population in 2013...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887696/reprint-of-neurocysticercosis-related-mortality-in-brazil-2000-2011-epidemiology-of-a-neglected-neurologic-cause-of-death
#13
Francisco Rogerlândio Martins-Melo, Alberto Novaes Ramos, Marta Guimarães Cavalcanti, Carlos Henrique Alencar, Jorg Heukelbach
Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is an important cause of severe neurological disease mainly in low- and middle-income countries, but data on NCC mortality from endemic areas are scarce. Here we analysed the epidemiological patterns of NCC-related mortality in Brazil. We included all deaths recorded in Brazil between 2000 and 2011, in which NCC was mentioned on death certificates, either as underlying or as associated cause of death. NCC was identified in 1829/12,491,280 deaths (0.015%), 1130 (61.8%) as underlying cause, and 699 (38...
November 22, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887666/contributions-of-national-and-global-health-estimates-to-monitoring-health-related-sustainable-development-goals
#14
Kanitta Bundhamcharoen, Supon Limwattananon, Khanitta Kusreesakul, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
The millennium development goals triggered an increased demand for data on child and maternal mortalities for monitoring progress. With the advent of the sustainable development goals and growing evidence of an epidemiological transition toward non-communicable diseases, policymakers need data on mortality and disease trends and distribution to inform effective policies and support monitoring progress. Where there are limited capacities to produce national health estimates (NHEs), global health estimates (GHEs) can fill gaps for global monitoring and comparisons...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884729/rationale-and-design-of-the-coronary-artery-calcium-consortium-a-multicenter-cohort-study
#15
Michael J Blaha, Seamus P Whelton, Mahmoud Al Rifai, Zeina A Dardari, Leslee J Shaw, Mouaz H Al-Mallah, Kuni Matsushita, John A Rumberger, Daniel S Berman, Matthew J Budoff, Michael D Miedema, Khurram Nasir
BACKGROUND: Although coronary artery calcium (CAC) has been investigated for over two decades, there is very limited data on the association of CAC with cause of death. The CAC Consortium is a large ongoing multi-center observational cohort of individuals who underwent non-contrast cardiac-gated CAC testing and systematic, prospective, long-term follow-up for mortality with ascertainment of cause of death. METHODS: Four participating institutions from three states within the US (California, Minnesota, and Ohio) have contributed individual-level patient data to the CAC Consortium (spanning years 1991-2010)...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869443/-post-mortem-investigation-of-alveolar-air-in-forensic-practice
#16
Miroslav Bauer, Jiřina Bauerová, Ján Šikuta, Jozef Šidlo
Exhaled air from biological materials is used for the purpose of toxicologico-chemical analysis particularly in detecting of alcohol influence in traffic or within a working process. Similarly, still a more and more actual requirement seems to be a necessity to analyse alveolar air from necroptic material. This necessity is emphasised not only by the fact, that inhalant intoxications in the form of poisoning represent their substantial part, but also a demand to evidence exactly a noxious agent both specifically and also in at least two materials...
2016: Soudní Lékarství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869387/-trends-in-pertussis-mortality-and-morbidity-in-colombia-2002-2012
#17
Doris Cardona, María Osley Garzón, Mateo Calle, Maite Catalina Agudelo, Ángela Segura
Whooping cough is a public health problem that mainly affects children under one year of age with highly lethal outcomes. It is a re-emerging disease, which is preventable by immunization. Objective: To analyze mortality and morbidity trends of whooping cough in Colombia between 2002 and 2012. Materials and methods: We conducted a quantitative descriptive study of deaths by pertussis between 2002 and 2012 using data from death certificates registered by the Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística, and cases reported to the Sistema Nacional de Vigilancia en Salud Pública, 2005-2012...
September 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869383/-geographic-distribution-of-perinatal-mortality-due-to-congenital-malformations-in-colombia-1999-2008-an-analysis-of-vital-statistics-data
#18
Sandra Patricia Misnaza, Claudia Patricia Roncancio, Isabel Cristina Peña, Franklin Edwin Prieto
INTRODUCTION: During 2012, 13% of the deaths worldwide in children under the age of 28 days were due to congenital malformations. In Colombia, congenital malformations are the second leading cause of infant mortality. Objective: To determine the geographical distribution of extended perinatal mortality due to congenital malformations in Colombia between 1999 and 2008. Materials and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study. We revised all death certificates issued between 1999 and 2008...
September 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865756/association-of-insulin-dosage-with-mortality-or-major-adverse-cardiovascular-events-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
John-Michael Gamble, Eugene Chibrikov, Laurie K Twells, William K Midodzi, Stephanie W Young, Don MacDonald, Sumit R Majumdar
BACKGROUND: Existing studies have shown conflicting evidence regarding the safety of exogenous insulin therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes. In particular, observational studies have reported an increased risk of death and cardiovascular disease among users of higher versus lower doses of insulin. We aimed to quantify the association between increasing dosage of insulin exposure and death and cardiovascular events, while taking into account time-dependent confounding and mediation that might have biased previous studies...
November 16, 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865291/adiposity-and-cardiovascular-risk-factor-variables-in-childhood-are-associated-with-premature-death-from-coronary-heart-disease-in-adults-the-bogalusa-heart-study
#20
Gerald S Berenson, Sathanur R Srinivasan, Ji Hua Xu, Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: More than 600 deaths of all causes have been documented over the 40-year duration of the Bogalusa Heart Study. Of these, 97 deaths have been related to cardiovascular events, based on obituaries published in local newspapers, death certificates obtained from the State Health Department, information from the coroner and word of mouth by nursing staff from the community. METHODS: This study was a retrospective longitudinal cohort with several observations of each subject...
November 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
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