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Omeprazole AND Diabetes

Q Wang, H Y Rao, N Yu, S Q Gao, L Wei
Objective: To analyze the comorbidity and concomitant medications use in adult patients with chronic hepatitis C. Methods: A descriptive epidemiological methods was carried out in adult patients with chronic hepatitis C and data from 2013 to 2015 were accessed through the China Medical Insurance database. Results: Among a chronic HCV cohort of 2 958 cases, the top five comorbidities were diabetes, hypertension, ischemic heart disease, gastroduodenitis, and co-infection with HBV and HCV. The three most common concomitant medications prescribed for mentioned comorbidities were acarbose, metformin and repaglinide (Diabetes), nifedipine, amlodipine and metoprolol (Hypertension), aspirin, nifedipine and amlodipine (Ischemic heart disease), omeprazole, pantoprazole and levolfoxacin (Gastroduodenitis), ribavirin, pegylated interferon alpha-2a and alpha-2b ( Co- infected with hepatitis B and C virus)...
March 20, 2018: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Riffat Farooqui, Talea Hoor, Nasim Karim, Mehtab Muneer
Objective: To identify and evaluate the frequency, severity, mechanism and common pairs of drug-drug interactions (DDIs) in prescriptions by consultants in medicine outpatient department. Methods: This cross sectional descriptive study was done by Pharmacology department of Bahria University Medical & Dental College (BUMDC) in medicine outpatient department (OPD) of a private hospital in Karachi from December 2015 to January 2016. A total of 220 prescriptions written by consultants were collected...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Alberto Goday, Olga Castañer, David Benaiges, Anna Busquets Pou, José M Ramón, Maria Del Mar Iglesias, Luis Barranco Priego, Juana A Flores Le-Roux
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (HP) colonization is common in severely obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery. HP eradication treatment could influence the evolution of weight loss and metabolic markers after bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of HP eradication in the clinical course of morbid obesity patients treated with bariatric surgery (gastric bypass (LRYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (LSG)) METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a prospective cohort of 229 patients that underwent bariatric surgery between 2010 and 2013 in Hospital del Mar...
March 2, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Sophie Gravel, Jean-Louis Chiasson, Suzanne Dallaire, Jacques Turgeon, Veronique Michaud
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes affects more than 9% of the adult population worldwide. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) show variable responses to some drugs which may be due, in part, to variability in the functional activity of drug-metabolising enzymes including cytochromes P450 (CYP450s). CYP450 is a superfamily of enzymes responsible for xenobiotic metabolism. Knowledge must be gained on the impact of T2DM and related inflammatory processes on drug metabolism and its consequences on drug response...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
Emmanuelle Duceppe, Salim Yusuf, Vikas Tandon, Reitze Rodseth, Bruce M Biccard, Denis Xavier, Wojciech Szczeklik, Christian S Meyhoff, Maria Grazia Franzosi, Jessica Vincent, Sadeesh K Srinathan, Joel Parlow, Patrick Magloire, John Neary, Mangala Rao, Navneet K Chaudhry, Bongani Mayosi, Miriam de Nadal, Ekaterine Popova, Juan Carlos Villar, Fernando Botto, Otavio Berwanger, Gordon Guyatt, John W Eikelboom, Daniel I Sessler, Clive Kearon, Shirley Pettit, Stuart J Connolly, Mukul Sharma, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, P J Devereaux
BACKGROUND: Worldwide approximately 200 million adults undergo major surgery annually, of whom 8 million are estimated to suffer a myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery (MINS). There is currently no trial data informing the management of MINS. Antithrombotic agents such as direct oral anticoagulants might prevent major vascular complications in patients with MINS. METHODS: The Management of Myocardial Injury After Noncardiac Surgery (MANAGE) trial is a large international blinded randomized controlled trial of dabigatran vs placebo in patients who suffered MINS...
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Khalid Ahmed Jassim Al Khaja, Sindhan Veeramuthu, Husain Ahmed Isa, Reginald Paul Sequeira
BACKGROUND: The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs) is deemed a major risk factor for peptic ulcer disease in elderly population that requires concomitant therapy with gastroprotective agents (GPAs). OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the rational prescribing of NSAIDs and GPAs, and extent of adherence to the guideline recommendations in primary care. METHODS: Nationwide audit of prescriptions issued to elderly patients (≥65 years) with hypertension or diabetic hypertension in primary care...
2017: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
Talita Rocha Passos, Fabiana Silva Santos, Maria Cleusa Martins, Vanusa Barbosa Pinto, Flair José Carrilho, Suzane Kioko Ono
Since 2010, the Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology Division of the Central Institute of Hospital das Clínicas of the University of São Paulo Medical School (HC-FMUSP, in the Portuguese acronym) has been developing specialized electives assistance activities in the Outpatient Specialty Clinic, Secondary Level, in São Paulo NGA-63 Várzea do Carmo. The objective of this study was to analyze the pharmacotherapeutic profile of patients. This is a cross-sectional and retrospective study in which patients were seen at the Hepatology sector and the results were submitted to descriptive statistics...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
Julie Massart, Karima Begriche, Caroline Moreau, Bernard Fromenty
BACKGROUND: Obesity is often associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which refers to a large spectrum of hepatic lesions including fatty liver, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and cirrhosis. Different investigations showed or suggested that obesity and NAFLD are able to increase the risk of hepatotoxicity of different drugs. Some of these drugs could induce more frequently an acute hepatitis in obese individuals whereas others could worsen pre-existing NAFLD. AIM: The main objective of the present review was to collect the available information regarding the role of NAFLD as risk factor for drug-induced hepatotoxicity...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Research
Hui Li, John D Clarke, Anika L Dzierlenga, John Bear, Michael J Goedken, Nathan J Cherrington
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has been identified as a source of significant interindividual variation in drug metabolism. A previous ex vivo study demonstrated significant changes in hepatic Cytochrome P450 (CYP) activity in human NASH. This study evaluated the in vivo activities of multiple CYP isoforms simultaneously in prominent diabetic NASH mouse models. The pharmacokinetics of CYP selective substrates: caffeine, losartan, and omeprazole changed significantly in a diabetic NASH mouse model, indicating attenuation of the activity of Cyp1a2 and Cyp2c29, respectively...
February 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Sunil Garg, Sajal Srivastava, Kisanpal Singh, Alok Sharma, Kavita Garg
INTRODUCTION: Available data indicated that diabetes mellitus (DM) increases the vulnerability of the gastric ulcers and the need of the hour is to develop effective agents to treat ulcer with diabetes for better patient compliance and cost effectiveness. The ulcer-healing properties of ethanolic extract of Caralluma attenuata (CAEt) against both chemically- and physically induced gastric ulcers in experimental rats are recently studied. AIM: To assess the ulcer healing potential of Ethanolic Extract of Caralluma attenuata on Experimental Diabetic Rats...
April 2016: Ancient Science of Life
Rong Shi, Jiasheng Wu, Cong Meng, Bingliang Ma, Tianming Wang, Yuanyuan Li, Yueming Ma
The db/db mouse is one of the most popular animal models for type 2 diabetes mellitus, but changes in the activities of important P450s and UGTs are still not completely clear. This study was designed to investigate the alterations of major hepatic cytochrome P450s and UDP-glucuronyltransferase enzymes in db/db mice. Mouse liver microsomes (MLMs) were obtained from male db/db mice and their wild type littermates. After incubation of the substrates separately with MLMs, the samples were pooled and analysed by high-throughput liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry system for the simultaneous study of nine phase I metabolic reactions and three glucuronidation conjugation reactions to determine the activity of the metabolic enzymes...
October 2016: Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition
Zhihong Nie, Limin Xu, Chuanyuan Li, Tao Tian, Pingping Xie, Xia Chen, Bojing Li
The present study aimed to investigate the association between endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and peptic ulcers in patients with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), in association with the efficiency of peptic ulcer treatment. The study recruited healthy subjects and peptic ulcer patients with or without T2DM. All the ulcer patients, including those with and without T2DM, were administered omeprazole for 8 weeks. Peptic ulcer patients with T2DM were additionally treated with glipizide and novolin...
May 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Carlos Culquichicón-Sánchez, Ricardo Correa, Igor Flores-Guevara, Frank Espinoza Morales, Christian R Mejia
We present the 15th case reported worldwide and 3rd case reported in Latin America of immune thrombocytopenic purpura associated with Type 1 diabetes mellitus in Scopus, MEDLINE, and SciELO. An 11-year-old male patient of mixed ethnicity with immune thrombocytopenic purpura, Type 1 diabetes mellitus, and gastritis due to H. pylori presented to the emergency room with petechiae, ecchymosis, and gingival and conjunctival bleeding that had been worsening for the past three months. The patient had a body mass index of 18...
2016: Curēus
Iñigo Lozano, Esther Sanchez-Insa, Sergio Rodríguez de Leiras, Pilar Carrillo, Valeriano Ruiz-Quevedo, Eduardo Pinar, Silvia Gopar-Gopar, Jeremías Bayon, Pilar Mañas, Garikoitz Lasa, Ignacio CruzGonzalez, Felipe Hernandez, Javier Fernandez-Portales, Javier Fernandez-Fernandez, Ana Pérez-Serradilla, José M de la Torre Hernandez, Alfredo Gomez-Jaume
The Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicines Agency sent a warning in 2010 discouraging the concomitant use of clopidogrel with omeprazole or esomeprazole. The purpose is to know the gastroprotective approach in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and the level of follow-up of the alert. In 17 hospitals with catheterization laboratory in Spain, 1 per region, we studied 25 consecutive patients per hospital whose diagnosis of discharge since October 1, 2013, had been any type of ACS. We analyzed their baseline clinical profile, the gatroprotective agents at admission and discharge and the antiplatelet therapy at discharge...
February 1, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Mary I Thurber, Christoph Mans, Constance Fazio, Ken Waller, Helena Rylander, Marie E Pinkerton
CASE DESCRIPTION: A 7-year-old and a 10-year-old Congo African grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus erithacus; parrots 1 and 2, respectively) were evaluated because of neurologic deficits. CLINICAL FINDINGS: Parrot 1 had an 8- to 9-month history of lethargy and anorexia, with a recent history of a suspected seizure. Parrot 2 had a 6-month history of decreased activity and vocalizing, with an extended history of excessive water intake; a water deprivation test ruled out diabetes insipidus, and psychogenic polydipsia was suspected...
April 1, 2015: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Radmila M Veličković-Radovanović, Slobodan M Janković, Jasmina R Milovanović, Aleksandra K Catić-Đorđević, Ana A Spasić, Nikola Z Stefanović, Predrag Lj Džodić, Andrija A Šmelcerović, Tatjana P Cvetković
The aim of this study was to develop a population pharmacokinetic (PK) model for clearance of mycophenolic acid (MPA) in adult renal transplant recipients, to quantify the PK parameters and the influence of covariates on the MPA pharmacokinetic parameters. Parameters associated with plasma concentrations of MPA at steady-state were analyzed in 70 renal transplant recipients (mean age 42.97 years; mean total body weight 75.33 kg) using nonlinear mixed-effect modeling (NONMEM). Characteristics of patients screened for influence on the pharmacokinetic parameters were gender, age, body weight, time after transplantation, whether the patient was diagnosed as having diabetes mellitus, organ source (living or deceased donor), biochemical parameters and co-therapy (tacrolimus, cyclosporine, prednisolone, omeprazole, bisoprolol, carvedilol, nifedipine)...
May 2015: Renal Failure
Efrén Martínez-Quintana, Antonio Tugores
Clopidogrel has been the therapy of choice, combined with aspirin, against platelet aggregation in patients at risk of suffering a vascular thrombotic event. Not all patients respond equally to clopidogrel, an observation that has led to searching for a test that, in the clinical setting, could predict patients' "resistance" to therapy. The evidence reveals a complex pharmacokinetic profile for clopidogrel, with multiple players involved, including cytochromes, characteristics of the target tissue, and accompanying clinical conditions...
January 2015: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Rene A Braeckman, William G Stirtan, Paresh N Soni
BACKGROUND: Icosapent ethyl (IPE) is a high-purity prescription form of eicosapentaenoic acid ethyl ester approved by the US Food and Drug Administration as an adjunct to diet to reduce triglyceride levels in adult patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia. Patients with high serum triglycerides may be taking concurrent medications for associated conditions such as obesity and/or diabetes mellitus. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of IPE on the plasma pharmacokinetics (PK) of omeprazole, a commonly used proton pump inhibitor and a substrate of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19...
September 2014: Drugs in R&D
Parvin Mirmiran, Zahra Bahadoran, Mahdieh Golzarand, Homayoun Zojaji, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: In this clinical trial we compared the effects of broccoli sprouts powder, as an alternative and complementary treatment, to those of standard triple therapy, as a common medical treatment, on cardiovascular risk factors following the H.pylori eradication in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Eighty-six type 2 diabetic patients with positive H.pylori stool antigen test (HpSAg) were randomized to receive one of the three following regimens: STT) Standard triple therapy (omeprazole 20 mg, clarithromycin 500 mg, amoxicillin 1000 mg, twice a day for 14 days), BSP) 6 g/d broccoli sprouts powder for 28 days, and combination of these as STT + BSP...
2014: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Iu L Fedorchenko
UNLABELLED: The purpose is to evaluate the effectiveness of itopride (IP) and domperidone (DP) in the treatment of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), in combination with diabetes mellitus (DM) type 1 and 2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 40 patients were examined with GERD and type 1 diabetes and 50 patients with GERD and type 2 diabetes. Each group of patients with GERD, DM 1 and 2 has been divided into: the basic subgroup receiving IG 50 mg 3 tid and control--DP 10 mg tid...
2013: Experimental & Clinical Gastroenterology
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