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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643686/-pachymeningitis-associated-with-igg4-disease
#1
Dan Zimelewicz Oberman, Carolina Cuello Oderiz, Matteo Baccanelli, Silvia Christiansen, María Cristina Zurrú
Hypertrophic pachymeningitis is an infrequent disorder. It can be idiopathic or secondary to infectious, autoimmune or neoplastic disease. The recently described 〈IgG4-related disease〉 could be the origin of many cases considered cryptogenic. We present the case of a 60-year-old man, with a history of headache and episcleritis in both eyes, with partial response to corticoid therapy. The brain MR study with gadolinium showed enhancement and thickening of the dura mater, extending from lateral wall of left temporal and occipital lobes to ipsilateral tentorium...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631702/-the-frequency-of-ophthalmologic-manifestations-of-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-wegener-s-and-their-relationship-to-systemic-diseases
#2
D S Ismailova, P I Novikov, Ya O Grusha, Yu V Abramova, N M Bulanov, E A Makarov
AIM: To estimate the frequency of lesions in the organ of vision in granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) (Wegener's) and to determine their relationship to systemic diseases. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The retrospective study enrolled 218 patients followed up at the E.M. Tareyev Clinic of Nephrology, Internal and Occupational Diseases, with a diagnosis of GPA. The frequency and association of ophthalmic manifestations with systemic involvement were statistically analyzed using PASW Statistics 18...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607174/aqueous-humour-dynamics-and-biometrics-in-the-ageing-chinese-eye
#3
Tao Guo, Sruthi Sampathkumar, Shan Fan, Nathan Morris, Fang Wang, Carol B Toris
AIMS: This study evaluates ocular biometrics and aqueous humour dynamics (AHD) in healthy Chinese volunteers to determine how the various ocular parameters interact to maintain physiological intraocular pressure (IOP) at all ages. METHODS: Sixty-nine volunteers enrolled in this cross-sectional study and were categorised into young (20-30 years) and old (≥50 years) groups. Measurements included IOP, ocular biometrics and AHD. Data were analysed using mixed model with random sampling to account for both eyes from the same individual...
June 12, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599337/-pediatric-retinal-detachment
#4
Petra Meier
The number of retinal detachments in children is rarely compared to the number of retinal detachments in adults; only 3 - 7% occur in children. The main predisposing factors are trauma, myopia, hereditary vitreoretinopathies, retinopathy of prematurity, malformations and Coats' disease. The most frequent paediatric retinal detachments are trauma-associated and vitreoretinopathies are the most common cause of inherited retinal detachment. Disease-specific surgical treatments are discussed. Episcleral buckling surgery should be the preferred method in any case of clear lens, especially for treatment of oradialysis and well-defined localization of peripherally retinal tears...
June 9, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572063/pattern-of-local-recurrence-after-i-125-episcleral-brachytherapy-for-uveal-melanoma-in-a-spanish-referral-ocular-oncology-unit
#5
Sara Sánchez-Tabernero, Ciro García-Alvarez, Ma Fe Muñoz-Moreno, Patricia Diezhandino, Pilar Alonso-Martínez, Jesus M de Frutos-Baraja, Francisco López-Lara, Maria A Saornil
PURPOSE: To describe the time, frequency, and clinical characteristics of treatment failure after I-125 brachytherapy in patients with uveal melanoma treated and followed in a Spanish referral ocular oncology unit. DESIGN: Prospective, consecutive, interventional case series. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with uveal melanoma from 1995 to 2016 and treated with episcleral brachytherapy were included. Demographic data collection, ophthalmic evaluation, ultrasound scan, and systemic studies were performed at baseline, every six months thereafter for five years, and subsequently at annual intervals...
May 29, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565934/aceclofenac-oil-drops-characterization-and-evaluation-against-ocular-inflammation
#6
Rajesh Katara, Sameer Sachdeva, Dipak K Majumdar
Ocular inflammatory diseases, such as uveitis, scleritis, episcleritis, and dry eye syndrome are commonly treated with eye drop formulations. In the present study, attempts were made to prepare aceclofenac oil formulations to evaluate its transcorneal permeation and anti-inflammatory effect. Ophthalmic solutions of aceclofenac with or without (0.5% v/v) benzyl alcohol were formulated in different vegetable oils and permeation studies were carried out. Aceclofenac ophthalmic solution in linseed oil containing benzyl alcohol exhibited maximum permeation (4...
June 1, 2017: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536832/proteomic-profiling-reveals-crucial-retinal-protein-alterations-in-the-early-phase-of-an-experimental-glaucoma-model
#7
Fabian Anders, Julia Teister, Sebstian Funke, Norbert Pfeiffer, Franz Grus, Thanos Solon, Verena Prokosch
PURPOSE: Clinical glaucoma is difficult to assess in terms of molecular pathophysiology, prompting studies in experimental models of glaucoma. The purpose of this study was to investigate quantitative changes in retinal protein expression at the onset of experimental glaucoma in rats. Analyzing the proteome provides a suitable tool to decipher the pathophysiological processes in glaucomatous degeneration. METHODS: Thermic cauterization of episcleral veins was utilized to elevate the intraocular pressure in Sprague Dawley rats...
July 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512422/acute-onset-ocular-hypotony-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#8
Sarah Farukhi Ahmed, Audrey Xi Tai, Mason Schmutz, John Combs, Sameh Mosaed
IMPORTANCE: The purpose of this case report is to evaluate risk factors associated with post-coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) ocular hypotony compared to post-CABG ischemic optic neuropathy. OBSERVATIONS: The patient described here is a single case at the University of California, Irvine Medical Center, from July 2016. This case demonstrates the rare incidence of acute post-CABG ocular hypotony and vision loss in a patient with prior history of optic atrophy...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442689/wound-healing-and-glaucoma-surgery-modulating-the-scarring-process-with-conventional-antimetabolites-and-new-molecules
#9
Gábor Holló
Subconjunctival absorption of aqueous humor is an essential part of glaucoma filtration surgery. Mitomycin C (MMC) and 5-fluorouracil have been used to reduce postoperative episcleral fibrosis and scar formation in the filtering bleb area for more than 2 decades. Both antimetabolites have also been frequently injected before needling revision of failing filtering blebs. Recently, MMC was also tried in tube surgery and nonpenetrating filtering surgery, but its usefulness in these applications has not yet been determined...
2017: Developments in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384305/intravitreal-injection-of-%C3%AE-crystallin-b2-improves-retinal-ganglion-cell-survival-in-an-experimental-animal-model-of-glaucoma
#10
Fabian Anders, Julia Teister, Aiwei Liu, Sebastian Funke, Franz H Grus, Solon Thanos, Harald D von Pein, Norbert Pfeiffer, Verena Prokosch
Purpose of this study was to investigate firstly specific proteomic changes within the retina in the course of an animal glaucoma model and to identify secondly new approaches for neuroprotective, therapeutic options in glaucoma by addressing those specific changes. Intraocular pressure was elevated through cauterization of episcleral veins in adult Sprague Dawley rats. Molecular and morphological changes were surveyed using mass spectrometry, optical coherence tomography as well as immunohistochemical cross section- and flat mount stainings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377140/early-outcomes-of-uveal-melanoma-treated-with-intraoperative-ultrasound-guided-brachytherapy-using-custom-built-plaques
#11
Anne W Tann, Bin S Teh, Sarah B Scarboro, Gary D Lewis, Maria E Bretana, Porshea C Croft, Yuval Raizen, E Brian Butler, Ryan S Kim, Patricia Chevez-Barrios, Amy C Schefler
PURPOSE: To report early outcomes of patients with uveal melanoma treated with Eye Physics iodine-125 episcleral plaque therapy using modern biopsy techniques and intraoperative ultrasound guidance at our institution. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for 48 consecutive patients with uveal melanoma who were treated with Eye Physics plaque brachytherapy performed by 1 ocular oncologist. All patients underwent intraoperative ultrasound for image guidance of plaque placement...
January 7, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348913/a-rare-case-of-digital-ischemia-and-gangrene-in-anca-associated-vasculitis-with-review-of-the-literature
#12
Richard A Lau, Ramandeep Bains, Duminda Suraweera, Jane Ma, Emil R Heinze, Andrew L Wong, Philip J Clements
This paper describes one patient with Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody- (ANCA-) associated vasculitis who initially presented with multiple ischemic fingers and toes. On further evaluation, the patient was also found to have pulmonary-renal involvement and episcleritis. The diagnosis was supported with a positive cANCA (anti-proteinase 3) and a bronchoscopy consistent with diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. Although the patient refused a tissue biopsy, clinical presentation including nasal ulceration, sinus congestion, and epistaxis and anti-proteinase 3 antibody were more consistent with Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA) rather than Microscopic Polyangiitis (MPA) or Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (EGPA) based on the recently presented ACR/EULAR Provisional 2017 Classification Criteria for GPA (Luqmani et al...
2017: Case Reports in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348907/an-oct-study-of-anterior-nodular-episcleritis-and-scleritis
#13
Christos Christakopoulos
Anterior scleritis and episcleritis are a well-known presentation in tuberculosis. The case of a female patient with presumed tuberculous anterior scleritis and episcleritis is discussed in this article. Anterior segment OCT was efficient in diagnosis and evaluation of the therapeutic outcome. Antituberculosis chemotherapy was sufficient to achieve clinical remission.
2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340205/ocular-involvement-in-patients-with-spondyloarthritis
#14
Ana Beatriz Santos Bacchiega, Gustavo Guimarães Moreira Balbi, Manuella Lima Gomes Ochtrop, Francisco Assis de Andrade, Roger Abramino Levy, Xenofon Baraliakos
Ocular inflammatory diseases can present as isolated conditions but also as part of systemic inflammatory diseases. Anterior uveitis is closely related to SpA and shares the common genetic background of HLA-B27. Other ocular manifestations, such as episcleritis and scleritis, may also occur, although less frequently. Therefore, ocular involvement has been included as one of the important clinical features of SpA in the recently published classification criteria for axial and peripheral disease. However, there are a wide variety of aetiologies for ocular diseases and this must be considered in assessment of SpA...
March 18, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337043/poststreptococcal-episcleritis
#15
Nicholas Young
This report describes the case of a patient presenting with an unusual poststreptococcal syndrome that featured episcleritis as a prominent manifestation. To my knowledge, this is the first time that poststreptococcal episcleritis has been described in the literature.
March 24, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282736/ocular-inflammation-associated-with-polymyalgia-rheumatica-without-concomitant-giant-cell-arteritis-a-report-of-three-cases
#16
Takahiro Arai, Rie Tanaka, Toshikatsu Kaburaki
PURPOSE: We report three cases of ocular inflammation and polymyalgia rheumatica without concomitant giant-cell arteritis. METHODS: Report of three cases. RESULTS: Polymyalgia rheumatica onset was at a mean age of 66.7 years, and ocular inflammation, which developed 7-21 months later, was bilateral in all patients. Ocular inflammation presented as episcleritis, scleritis, or anterior uveitis, and it emerged during the tapering of low-dose prednisolone prescribed for polymyalgia rheumatica in all patients...
February 22, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264102/mechanism-of-action-of-selective-laser-trabeculoplasty-and-predictors-of-response
#17
Vikas Gulati, Shan Fan, Bret J Gardner, Shane J Havens, Marie T Schaaf, Donna G Neely, Carol B Toris
Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate the changes in aqueous humor dynamics (AHD) produced by selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) and to explore if baseline AHD parameters are predictive of IOP response to SLT. Methods: Thirty-one consecutive subjects diagnosed with ocular hypertension or primary open-angle glaucoma scheduled to undergo SLT as their primary IOP-lowering therapy were enrolled in this prospective observational study. Subjects underwent baseline assessment of AHD in both eyes...
March 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249604/upregulation-of-the-endothelin-a-eta-receptor-and-its-association-with-neurodegeneration-in-a-rodent-model-of-glaucoma
#18
Nolan R McGrady, Alena Z Minton, Dorota L Stankowska, Shaoqing He, Hayden B Jefferies, Raghu R Krishnamoorthy
BACKGROUND: Primary open angle glaucoma is a heterogeneous group of optic neuropathies that results in optic nerve degeneration and a loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) ultimately causing blindness if allowed to progress. Elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP) is the most attributable risk factor for developing glaucoma and lowering of IOP is currently the only available therapy. However, despite lowering IOP, neurodegenerative effects persist in some patients. Hence, it would be beneficial to develop approaches to promote neuroprotection of RGCs in addition to IOP lowering therapies...
March 1, 2017: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240745/the-biological-and-prognostic-significance-of-angiotropism-in-uveal-melanoma
#19
Raymond L Barnhill, Mengliang Ye, Aude Batistella, Marc-Henri Stern, Sergio Roman-Roman, Rémi Dendale, Olivier Lantz, Sophie Piperno-Neumann, Laurence Desjardins, Nathalie Cassoux, Claire Lugassy
Angiotropism is a marker of extravascular migration of melanoma cells along vascular and other structures and a prognostic factor in cutaneous melanoma. Because of this biological and prognostic importance in cutaneous melanoma, angiotropism was studied in uveal melanoma (UM). This retrospective study performed at a single ocular oncology referral center included 89 patients from the study period 2006-2008. All patients were diagnosed with UM from the choroid and/or ciliary body. All patients underwent enucleation for prognostic purposes and definitive therapy...
February 27, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237425/aqueous-angiography-in-living-nonhuman-primates-shows-segmental-pulsatile-and-dynamic-angiographic-aqueous-humor-outflow
#20
Alex S Huang, Meng Li, Diya Yang, Huaizhou Wang, Ningli Wang, Robert N Weinreb
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of safely performing aqueous angiography in intact eyes of living nonhuman primates (NHPs) for evaluating aqueous humor outflow and segmental patterns. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. SUBJECTS: Six nonhuman primates. METHODS: Aqueous angiography was performed in 6 nonhuman primates. After anesthesia, an anterior chamber (AC) maintainer was placed through a temporal 1-mm side-port wound...
February 22, 2017: Ophthalmology
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