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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906549/anti-inflammatory-and-ros-suppressive-effects-of-the-addition-of-fiber-to-a-high-fat-high-calorie-meal
#1
Husam Ghanim, Manav Batra, Sanaa Abuaysheh, Kelly Green, Antoine Makdissi, Nitesh Kuhadiya, Ajay Chaudhuri, Paresh Dandona
BACKGROUND: Fiber intake is associated with a reduction in the occurrence of cardiovascular events and diabetes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the addition of fiber to a high fat-high Calorie (HFHC) meal prevents pro-inflammatory changes induced by HFHC meal. DESIGN: Ten fasting normal subjects consumed HFHC meal with or without an additional 30g of insoluble dietary fiber on 2 separate visits. Blood samples were collected over 5hr and mononuclear cells (MNC) isolated...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905912/effect-of-sitagliptin-on-blood-glucose-control-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-who-are-treatment-naive-or-poorly-responsive-to-existing-antidiabetic-drugs-the-jamp-study
#2
Hiroshi Sakura, Naotake Hashimoto, Kazuo Sasamoto, Hiroshi Ohashi, Sumiko Hasumi, Noriko Ujihara, Tadasu Kasahara, Osamu Tomonaga, Hideo Nunome, Masashi Honda, Yasuhiko Iwamoto
BACKGROUND: To investigate the ameliorating effect of sitagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, on blood glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who were previously untreated with or who have a poor responsive to existing antidiabetic drugs. METHODS: Sitagliptin (50 mg/day) was added on to the pre-existing therapy for type 2 diabetes and changes in the glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level after 3 months of treatment were compared with the baseline and performed exploratory analysis...
December 1, 2016: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884155/long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-lcpufas-and-nordihydroguaiaretic-acid-ndga-modulate-metabolic-and-inflammatory-markers-in-a-spontaneous-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-model-stillman-salgado-rats
#3
Alejandro Dain, Gaston Repossi, Gustavo T Diaz-Gerevini, Jairam Vanamala, Undurti N Das, Aldo R Eynard
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a complex disease with alterations in metabolic and inflammatory markers. Stillman Salgado rats (eSS) spontaneously develop type 2 DM by middle age showing progressive impairment of glucose tolerance with hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia and hyperinsulinemia. We analyzed the effects of supplementation of ω-3 and ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) with or without nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) added, an antioxidant and lipoxygenase inhibitor, on metabolic and inflammatory parameters in eSS rats to evaluate whether they can delay development and/or prevent progression of DM...
November 25, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862654/cerebral-small-vessel-disease-medial-temporal-lobe-atrophy-and-cognitive-status-in-patients-with-ischaemic-stroke-and-transient-ischaemic-attack
#4
F Arba, T Quinn, G J Hankey, M Ali, K R Lees, D Inzitari
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Small vessel disease (SVD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) are two common causes of cognitive impairment and dementia, traditionally considered as distinct processes. The relationship between radiological features suggestive of AD and SVD was explored, and the association of each of these features with cognitive status at 1 year was investigated in patients with stroke or transient ischaemic attack. METHODS: Anonymized data were accessed from the Virtual International Stroke Trials Archive (VISTA)...
November 14, 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853981/intensification-of-idegasp-twice-daily-adding-insulin-aspart-vs-switching-to-basal-bolus-exploratory-randomized-trial-in-type-2-diabetes
#5
Wan Mohamaed Wan Bebakar, Louis Chaykin, Malene Lundgren Hersløv, Søren Rasmussen
INTRODUCTION: In a preceding trial comparing two different titration schemes, insulin degludec/insulin aspart (IDegAsp) showed good efficacy for achieving HbA1c <7% when administered twice daily (BID) in patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, poor glycemic control persisted in a minority of patients. The current exploratory trial investigated the efficacy and safety of intensifying IDegAsp BID treatment in these patients by either adding a once-daily (OD) bolus injection of insulin aspart (IAsp) or by switching to a basal-bolus regimen of insulin degludec (IDeg) plus IAsp taken three times a day (TID)...
November 16, 2016: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852119/albiglutide-a-weekly-glp-1-receptor-agonist-improves-glycemic-parameters-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-over-1-year-when-added-to-single-oral-antidiabetic-drugs
#6
Inaha Okuda, Timothy H Wilson, Lin Yue, Hiromu Nakajima, Molly C Carr, Maho Tsuboi, Antonio Nino, Yutaka Seino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of once-weekly albiglutide added to a single oral antidiabetic drug (OAD) in Japanese patients with inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this phase 3, 1-year study (NCT01777282), patients (N = 374) received albiglutide 30 mg plus a single OAD (sulfonylurea [n = 120], biguanide [n = 67)], glinide [n = 65], thiazolidinedione [n = 61], or α-glucosidase inhibitor [n = 61])...
November 17, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849257/effects-of-nitrate-intake-on-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-diabetic-rats
#7
Sajad Jeddi, Saeedeh Khalifi, Mahboubeh Ghanbari, Fatemeh Bageripour, Asghar Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease is 2-3 times more common in diabetic individuals. Dietary nitrate/nitrite has beneficial effects in both diabetes and cardiovascular disease. It also has protective effects against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in healthy animals. However, the effects of nitrate on myocardial IR injury in diabetic rats have not yet been investigated. OBJECTIVE: We examined the effects of dietary nitrate on myocardial IR injury in streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced diabetic rats...
October 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830456/liraglutide-improves-cardiac-function-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-chronic-heart-failure
#8
F Arturi, E Succurro, S Miceli, C Cloro, M Ruffo, R Maio, M Perticone, G Sesti, F Perticone
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of liraglutide, sitagliptin and insulin glargine added to standard therapy on left ventricular function in post-ischemic type-2 diabetes mellitus patients. METHODS: We evaluated 32 type-2 diabetes mellitus Caucasians with history of post-ischemic chronic heart failure NYHA class II/III and/or left ventricular ejection fraction ≤45 %. Participants underwent laboratory determinations, electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, Minnesota Living with Heart Failure questionnaire and 6 min walking test at baseline and following 52 weeks treatment...
November 9, 2016: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823868/effects-of-glimepiride-versus-saxagliptin-on-%C3%AE-cell-function-and-hypoglycemia-a-post-hoc-analysis-in-older-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-inadequately-controlled-with-metformin
#9
Shira Perl, William Cook, Cheryl Wei, Peter Ohman, Boaz Hirshberg
PURPOSE: The management of hyperglycemia is challenging in older patients with type 2 diabetes owing to excess fragility and risk for adverse outcomes should hypoglycemia episodes occur. We evaluated baseline β-cell function as a potential risk factor for the development of hypoglycemia when saxagliptin or glimepiride was added in patients aged ≥65 years whose type 2 diabetes was poorly controlled on stable metformin monotherapy. METHODS: A post hoc analysis of data from the GENERATION (Efficacy and Tolerability of Saxagliptin Compared with Glimepiride in Elderly Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized, Controlled Study) trial, which enrolled 720 patients aged ≥65 years, was conducted...
November 4, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810689/efficacy-and-safety-of-teneligliptin-in-addition-to-insulin-therapy-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-on-hemodialysis-evaluated-by-continuous-glucose-monitoring
#10
Takahiro Yajima, Kumiko Yajima, Makoto Hayashi, Hiroshi Takahashi, Keigo Yasuda
AIMS: Appropriate glycemic control without hypoglycemia is important in patients with type 2 diabetes on hemodialysis. Teneligliptin, a novel dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, can be used without dose adjustment for these patients. Using continuous glucose monitoring (CGM), we evaluated the efficacy and safety of adding teneligliptin to insulin therapy. METHODS: Twenty-one type 2 diabetes mellitus patients on hemodialysis treated with insulin were enrolled. After the adjustment of insulin dose, their blood glucose level was monitored by CGM...
October 21, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809297/diabetes-and-obesity-as-independent-risk-factors-for-osteoporosis-updated-results-from-the-rois-emeros-registry-in-a-population-of-five-thousand-post-menopausal-women-living-in-a-region-characterized-by-heavy-environmental-pressure
#11
Cosimo Neglia, Alberto Argentiero, Giovanna Chitano, Nadia Agnello, Roberta Ciccarese, Antonella Vigilanza, Valerio Pantile, Domenico Argentiero, Raffaele Quarta, Matteo Rivezzi, Gian Luca Di Tanna, Carolina Di Somma, Alberto Migliore, Giovanni Iolascon, Francesca Gimigliano, Alessandro Distante, Prisco Piscitelli
Objectives: We aimed to analyze bone mineralization and the effect of different risk factors for osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Methods: We found 4909 postmenopausal subjects within ≥10,000 records from the ROIS/EMEROS (Ionian and Salento Osteoporosis Registry/Euro Mediterranean Registry of Osteoporosis) registry, a population study carried out in an area characterized by heavy environmental pressure between Brindisi and Taranto from 2009 to 2016. All subjects were assessed via phalangeal quantitative ultrasound (QUS) to evaluate their bone mineralization (assessed via amplitude dependent speed of sound (AD-SoS)) and the association between demineralization and the presence of other conditions or risk factors...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806092/effect-of-portal-glucose-sensing-on-systemic-glucose-levels-in-sd-and-zdf-rats
#12
Atanu Pal, David B Rhoads, Ali Tavakkoli
BACKGROUND: The global epidemic of Type-2-Diabetes (T2D) highlights the need for novel therapeutic targets and agents. Roux-en-Y-Gastric-Bypass (RYGB) is the most effective treatment. Studies investigating the mechanisms of RYGB suggest a role for post-operative changes in portal glucose levels. We investigate the impact of stimulating portal glucose sensors on systemic glucose levels in health and T2D, and evaluated the role of sodium-glucose-cotransporter-3 (SGLT3) as the possible sensor...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801719/testing-components-of-a-self-management-theory-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Gwen Verchota, Kathleen J Sawin
BACKGROUND: The role of self-management in adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus is not well understood. PURPOSE: The purpose of the research was to examine the relationship of key individual and family self-management theory, context, and process variables on proximal (self-management behaviors) and distal (hemoglobin A1c and diabetes-specific health-related quality of life) outcomes in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: A correlational, cross-sectional study was conducted to identify factors contributing to outcomes in adolescents with Type 1 diabetes and examine potential relationships between context, process, and outcome variables delineated in individual and family self-management theory...
November 2016: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779892/examining-diet-related-care-practices-among-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-focus-on-glycemic-index-choices
#14
Hayford M Avedzi, Nonsikelelo Mathe, Stephanie Bearman, Kate Storey, Jeffrey A Johnson, Steven T Johnson
We examined self-care dietary practices and usual intakes among adults with Type 2 diabetes in Alberta, Canada, using data from the Healthy Eating and Active Living for Diabetes study. Participants completed a modified Fat/Sugar/Fruit/Vegetable Screener and answered questions about the number of days per week they followed specific diabetes self-care dietary recommendations. Capillary blood samples were collected to assess glycemic control measured by hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). ANOVA was used to examine differences in dietary self-care, intakes, and glycemic control across categories of days/week of practicing recommended dietary behaviour...
October 25, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776251/the-effects-of-exenatide-twice-daily-compared-to-insulin-lispro-added-to-basal-insulin-in-latin-american-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-4b-trial
#15
Silvia Beatriz Gorban de Lapertosa, Gustavo Frechtel, Elise Hardy, Leobardo Sauque-Reyna
AIMS: Socioeconomic changes in Latin American countries have led to an increased prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D). We examined the effects of exenatide twice daily (BID) or insulin lispro, each added to insulin glargine, in Latin American patients with T2D. METHODS: This was a subgroup analysis of patients from Argentina and Mexico in the 4B study (N=114). Patients with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) of 7.0-10.0% (53-86mmol/mol) after 12weeks of intensive basal insulin optimization were randomized to exenatide BID or thrice-daily insulin lispro added to insulin glargine and metformin...
October 8, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774351/impact-of-a-10-minute-seated-yoga-practice-in-the-management-of-diabetes
#16
Rashmi S Mullur, Donna Ames
OBJECTIVE: We sought to prospectively evaluate the impact of a 10 minute seated yoga program added to standard comprehensive diabetes care on glucose control and cardiovascular health in the severely ill, medically complex diabetic population. METHOD: A total of 10 patients with type 2 diabetes, ages 49-77, with duration of diabetes >10 years and haemoglobin A1C >9% (75 mmol/mol) were included in the study. Patients randomized to a yoga intervention were taught a 10 minute seated yoga practice, were given an explanatory DVD and a fold-out pocket guide to encourage adherence at home, and were instructed to incorporate the practice as often as they could...
January 18, 2016: Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766526/implementation-of-a-novel-postoperative-monitoring-system-using-automated-modified-early-warning-scores-mews-incorporating-end-tidal-capnography
#17
Joseph M Blankush, Robbie Freeman, Joy McIlvaine, Trung Tran, Stephen Nassani, I Michael Leitman
Modified Early Warning Scores (MEWS) provide real-time vital sign (VS) trending and reduce ICU admissions in post-operative patients. These early warning calculations classically incorporate oxygen saturation, heart rate, respiratory rate, systolic blood pressure, and temperature but have not previously included end-tidal CO2 (EtCO2), more recently identified as an independent predictor of critical illness. These systems may be subject to failure when physiologic data is incorrectly measured, leading to false alarms and increased workload...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762514/a-prospective-analysis-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-real-world-evidence-from-clinical-practice-in-india
#18
Bhavana Sosale, Aravind R Sosale, Prassanna M Kumar, Shashank R Joshi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The number of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is increasing. Most patients with T2DM are uncontrolled and fail to achieve their target Hba1c. In recent years, newer agents such as SGLT2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) have been approved for clinical use. Though data from clinical trials and sub set analysis of Indian patients in global studies are promising, real world evidence from standard clinical practice in India is lacking. The aim of this study was to analyze the metabolic parameters in patients with T2DM on SGLT2i in real world clinical practice...
September 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761881/clinical-effectiveness-and-impact-on-insulin-therapy-cost-after-addition-of-dapagliflozin-to-patients-with-uncontrolled-type-2-diabetes
#19
Bhavana Sosale, Aravind Sosale, Arpandev Bhattacharyya
INTRODUCTION: Dapagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, is a promising drug approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, its cost is an obstacle for use in developing countries like India. Thus, we aimed to analyse the impact on the cost of insulin therapy after adding dapagliflozin for patients using insulin in real-world clinical practice. METHODS: This retrospective chart review study included patients with uncontrolled T2DM previously on maximum doses of OADs and insulin therapy, initiated on dapagliflozin...
December 2016: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761472/rapid-acting-insulin-use-and-persistence-among-elderly-type-2-diabetes-patients-adding-rai-to-oral-antidiabetes-drug-regimens
#20
Usha Sambamoorthi, Arijita Deb, Steve Zhou, Rahul Garg, Tao Fan, Anders Boss
We examined the real-world utilization and persistence of rapid acting insulin (RAI) in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes who added RAI to their drug (OAD) regimen. Insulin-naïve patients aged ≥65 years, with ≥1 OAD prescription during the baseline period, who were continuously enrolled in the US Humana Medicare Advantage insurance plan for 18 months and initiated RAI were included. Among patients with ≥2 RAI prescriptions (RAIp), persistence during the 12-month follow-up was assessed. Multivariate logistic regression analyses identified factors affecting RAI use and persistence...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
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