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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785706/goal-striving-stress-is-associated-with-chronic-kidney-disease-among-participants-in-the-jackson-heart-study
#1
Loretta R Cain, LáShauntá Glover, Bessie Young, Mario Sims
OBJECTIVE: Research that assesses the relationship between psychosocial factors and chronic kidney disease (CKD) among African Americans (AAs) is limited. Using the Jackson Heart Study (JHS) cohort data, we investigated the association of goal-striving stress (GSS)-the stress experienced from not reaching goals-with prevalent CKD among AAs. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional analysis of JHS exam 1 data that assessed the relationship between GSS and CKD. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We utilized a sample from the JHS (n = 4967), an AA sample of women and men, 35-84 years old from the Jackson, MS metro area...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781249/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-injection-site-skin-infections-among-people-who-inject-drugs-pwid-in-tehran
#2
Mehdi Noroozi, Bahram Armoon, Hesam Ghisvand, Alireza Noroozi, Mahmood Karimy, Mohammad Rafi Bazrafshan, Brandon D L Marshall, Bahman Dieji
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Injection drug use is one of the major public health problems in Iran. Injection drug use is associated with numerous negative health outcomes, such as blood-borne infections (HIV, HCV) and injection site skin infections (abscesses, cellulitis). The aim of this study was to determine prevalence of injection site skin infections and its associated risk factors among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted from March to August 2016 in Tehran province...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780856/the-role-of-meaning-in-life-for-the-quality-of-life-of-community-dwelling-chinese-elders-with-low-socioeconomic-status
#3
Raymond Chi-Fai Chui
Objectives: There is limited research on the meaning in life among Chinese elders. This study aims to examine the association among functional disabilities, meaning in life, social network, and quality of life in community-dwelling Chinese elders with low socioeconomic status. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was used to collect data from 339 poor community-dwelling Chinese elders aged 60 and above. Results: The results showed that meaning in life and social network were significantly related to quality of life...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780740/impact-of-sense-of-coherence-on-oral-health-among-bus-drivers-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Shaik Ijaz Ahmed, Kudlur Maheswarappa Sudhir, V Chandra Sekhara Reddy, R V S Krishna Kumar, G Srinivasulu, Athuluru Deepthi
Aim and Objectives: To assess the sense of coherence (SOC) and the impact of SOC on oral hygiene behaviors and oral health status among bus drivers in Nellore district, Andhra Pradesh. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted during August-September 2017. Cluster random sampling methodology was used for the selection of drivers. Five depots were randomly selected from the list of various Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation depots in Nellore district...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776625/childhood-socioeconomic-status-and-risk-in-early-family-environments-predictors-of-global-sleep-quality-in-college-students
#5
Cory J Counts, Fiona C Grubin, Neha A John-Henderson
OBJECTIVE: Low socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood associates with poor sleep quality in adulthood. Separately, childhood family environments shape health into adulthood. Here, we investigated whether these early life factors independently or interactively inform global sleep quality in college students. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. PARTICIPANTS: College students at a state university (N = 391). MEASUREMENTS: As a measure of childhood SES, we asked participants to consider their families' socioeconomic standing relative to the rest of the society during their childhood...
June 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775501/educational-interventions-for-improving-primary-caregiver-complementary-feeding-practices-for-children-aged-24-months-and-under
#6
REVIEW
Dachi Arikpo, Ededet Sewanu Edet, Moriam T Chibuzor, Friday Odey, Deborah M Caldwell
BACKGROUND: Although complementary feeding is a universal practice, the methods and manner in which it is practiced vary between cultures, individuals and socioeconomic classes. The period of complementary feeding is a critical time of transition in the life of an infant, and inappropriate complementary feeding practices, with their associated adverse health consequences, remain a significant global public health problem. Educational interventions are widely acknowledged as effective in promoting public health strategy, and those aimed at improving complementary feeding practices provide information about proper complementary feeding practices to caregivers of infants/children...
May 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773076/risk-factors-for-schistosomiasis-in-an-urban-area-in-northern-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#7
Richard K M'Bra, Brama Kone, Yapi G Yapi, Kigbafori D Silué, Ibrahima Sy, Danielle Vienneau, Nagnin Soro, Guéladio Cissé, Jürg Utzinger
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is a water-based disease transmitted by trematodes belonging to the genus Schistosoma. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the prevalence of schistosomiasis and access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and environmental and socioeconomic factors in the city of Korhogo, northern Côte d'Ivoire. METHODS: A cross-sectional study including 728 randomly selected households was conducted in Korhogo in March 2015...
May 18, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772873/prevalence-of-hypertension-in-thailand-hotspot-clustering-detected-by-spatial-analysis
#8
Wongsa Laohasiriwong, Nattapong Puttanapong, Atthawit Singsalasang
Spatial pattern detection can be a useful tool for understanding the geographical distribution of hypertension (HT). The aim of this study was to apply the technique of local indicators of spatial association statistics to examine the spatial patterns of HT in the 76 provinces of Thailand. Previous studies have demonstrated that socioeconomic status (SES), economic growth, population density and urbanization have effects on the occurrence of disease. Research has suggested that night-time light (NTL) can be used as a proxy for a number of variables, including urbanization, density, economic growth and SES...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771308/what-do-older-people-do-when-sitting-and-why-implications-for-decreasing-sedentary-behavior
#9
Victoria J Palmer, Cindy M Gray, Claire F Fitzsimons, Nanette Mutrie, Sally Wyke, Ian J Deary, Geoff Der, Sebastien F M Chastin, Dawn A Skelton
Background and Objectives: Sitting less can reduce older adults' risk of ill health and disability. Effective sedentary behavior interventions require greater understanding of what older adults do when sitting (and not sitting), and why. This study compares the types, context, and role of sitting activities in the daily lives of older men and women who sit more or less than average. Research Design and Methods: Semistructured interviews with 44 older men and women of different ages, socioeconomic status, and objectively measured sedentary behavior were analyzed using social practice theory to explore the multifactorial, inter-relational influences on their sedentary behavior...
May 15, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770448/eating-practices-among-low-income-overweight-obese-brazilian-mothers-a-bourdieusian-approach
#10
Priscila de Morais Sato, Mariana Dimitrov Ulian, Ramiro Fernandez Unsain, Fernanda Baeza Scagliusi
We investigated the eating practices of socially vulnerable overweight and obese Brazilian mothers, exploring the relationships between eating practices, capitals, fields and excess-weight. We conducted a qualitative study involving in-depth interviews of 21 women living in three vulnerable urban regions. Content analyses were performed and codes were used to locate actors in relation to each other in terms of 'capitals' and 'fields', forming a typology based on Bourdieu's theory with five groups. Socioeconomic conditions during childhood and liking to cook were the main characteristics related to each group's distinct eating practices...
May 16, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765776/what-is-the-impact-of-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-healthcare-facilities-on-care-seeking-behaviour-and-patient-satisfaction-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-from-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#11
Maha Bouzid, Oliver Cumming, Paul R Hunter
Patient satisfaction with healthcare has clear implications on service use and health outcomes. Barriers to care seeking are complex and multiple and delays in seeking care are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We sought to assess the relationship between water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) provision in healthcare facilities (HCF) and patient satisfaction/care seeking behaviour in low-income and middle-income countries. Pubmed and Medline Ovid were searched using a combination of search terms...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760964/demographic-study-of-hip-fractures-in-the-maltese-islands
#12
Mark Bugeja, Simon Aquilina, Charles Farrugia, Ivan Esposito
Introduction: Despite hip fractures being a great public health burden, only few studies have analyzed the relationship between hip fracture incidence and socioeconomic status. Many studies found an association; however, results are in part conflicting. Objective: To analyze the impact of regional-level socioeconomic status on the incidence of hip fractures in the Maltese Islands. Method: All individuals older than 50 years who presented to the acute care hospitals in Malta and Gozo with low-energy hip fractures between December 1, 2015, and November 30, 2016, were selected...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760934/the-association-between-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-and-metabolic-risk-factors-in-black-and-white-south-african-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Cindy George, Juliet Evans, Lisa K Micklesfield, Tommy Olsson, Julia H Goedecke
Background: High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) is associated with metabolic risk, however it is unclear whether the relationship is confounded by racial/ethnic differences in socioeconomic status (SES), lifestyle factors or central adiposity. The aims of the study was, (1) to investigate whether hsCRP levels differ by race/ethnicity; (2) to examine the race/ethnic-specific associations between hsCRP, HOMA-IR and serum lipids [total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoproteins (HDL-C) and low-density lipoproteins (LDL-C)]; and (3) to determine whether race/ethnic-specific associations are explained by SES, lifestyle factors or waist circumference (WC)...
2018: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760227/socioeconomic-status-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-challenges-and-interventions
#14
REVIEW
William M Schultz, Heval M Kelli, John C Lisko, Tina Varghese, Jia Shen, Pratik Sandesara, Arshed A Quyyumi, Herman A Taylor, Martha Gulati, John G Harold, Jennifer H Mieres, Keith C Ferdinand, George A Mensah, Laurence S Sperling
Socioeconomic status (SES) has a measurable and significant effect on cardiovascular health. Biological, behavioral, and psychosocial risk factors prevalent in disadvantaged individuals accentuate the link between SES and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Four measures have been consistently associated with CVD in high-income countries: income level, educational attainment, employment status, and neighborhood socioeconomic factors. In addition, disparities based on sex have been shown in several studies. Interventions targeting patients with low SES have predominantly focused on modification of traditional CVD risk factors...
May 15, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759012/using-the-replicating-effective-programs-framework-to-adapt-a-heart-health-intervention
#15
Jessica E Ramsay, Mary R Janevic, Cainnear K Hogan, Dominique L Edwards, Cathleen M Connell
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. African Americans and people of low socioeconomic status suffer disproportionately from heart disease-related morbidity and mortality. In Detroit, Michigan, a primarily African American and low-income urban area, heart disease mortality is at twice the national rate. Despite evidence for the effectiveness of self-management support interventions in reducing chronic disease burden for older adults, few are adapted for communities most in need...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758475/social-isolation-and-loneliness-in-later-life-a-parallel-convergent-mixed-methods-case-study-of-older-adults-and-their-residential-contexts-in-the-minneapolis-metropolitan-area-usa
#16
Jessica M Finlay, Lindsay C Kobayashi
Social isolation and loneliness are increasingly prevalent among older adults in the United States, with implications for morbidity and mortality risk. Little research to date has examined the complex person-place transactions that contribute to social well-being in later life. This study aimed to characterize personal and neighborhood contextual influences on social isolation and loneliness among older adults. Interviews were conducted with independent-dwelling men and women (n = 124; mean age 71 years) in the Minneapolis metropolitan area (USA) from June to October, 2015...
May 4, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756523/the-effect-of-health-education-by-pharmacists-on-10-year-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-risk-a-cluster-randomized-control-study-in-a-low-socioeconomic-status-javanese-population
#17
Rita Suhadi, Dita Maria Virginia, Christianus Heru Setiawan
BACKGROUND: Evidence from previous studies demonstrates that lifestyle modification reduces the incidence and complications of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The study aimed to investigate the effect of a lifestyle intervention provided by pharmacists on the 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk and quality of life (QoL) in a low socioeconomic status Javanese population. METHODS: This research was a cluster-randomized controlled study of 1-year duration, conducted in a lower social economic community in the Sleman District of Yogyakarta, Indonesia...
January 2018: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753600/association-between-diabetes-mellitus-and-hearing-impairment-in-american-and-korean-populations
#18
Shinje Moon, Jung Hwan Park, Jae Myung Yu, Moon-Ki Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate ethnic- and sex-specific associations between DM and hearing impairment. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in the U.S. and Korea, the total number of eligible participants included was 7081 in the U.S. and 15,704 in Korea. Hearing impairment was defined as a pure tone threshold level ≥ 25 dB. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted, adjusting for age, sex, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, body mass index, noise exposure, smoking, hypertension, and dyslipidemia...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751805/predictors-of-person-centered-maternity-care-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status-empowerment-and-facility-type
#19
Patience A Afulani, Takudzwa S Sayi, Dominic Montagu
BACKGROUND: Low use of maternal health services, as well as poor quality care, contribute to the high maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). In particular, poor person-centered maternity care (PCMC), which captures user experience, contributes both directly to pregnancy outcomes and indirectly through decreased demand for services. While many studies have examined disparities in use of maternal health services, few have examined disparities in quality of care, and none to our knowledge has empirically examined disparities in PCMC in SSA...
May 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746749/-evolution-of-social-food-assistance-programs-in-mexico-through-ensanut-mc-2016-data
#20
M Del Carmen Morales-Ruán, Teresa Shamah-Levy, Verónica Mundo-Rosas, Lucía Cuevas-Nasu, Ana Lilia Lozada-Tequeanes, Martín Romero-Martínez
OBJECTIVE: To describe the coverage and targeting of Social Food Assistance Programs (SFAP) in Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from 9 137 households of the Halfway National Health and Nutrition Survey 2016 (Ensanut MC 2016) who receive SFAP. The distribution of the SFAP by place of residence, index of socioeconomic status and SFAP relevance were analyzed. RESULTS: 44% of households receive some SFAP, with a higher concentration in indigenous households (70%), a very low socioeconomic level (70%), and moderate and severe food insecurity...
May 2018: Salud Pública de México
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