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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523046/healthy-lifestyle-behavior-of-employees-in-small-and-medium-sized-enterprises-in-aydin-turkey
#1
Safiye Ozvurmaz, Aliye Mandiracioglu
OBJECTIVE: To determine healthy lifestyle behavior and affecting risk factors in workers at small and medium-sized enterprises from four different sectors in Aydin, Turkey. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at four different small and medium-sized enterprises in Aydin, Turkey and 264 employees participated in the study. A questionnaire was used for data collection. It consisted of questions about socio-demographic features (age, gender, marital status, education, perceived income, occupation and having children), health status, and medical history, medication use, having occupational accidents and occupational health and safety...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520597/key-performance-indicators-assessment-to-develop-best-practices-in-an-emergency-medical-communication-centre
#2
Yann Penverne, Brice Leclere, Julien Labady, Frederic Berthier, Joel Jenvrin, Francois Javaudin, Eric Batard, Emmanuel Montassier
INTRODUCTION: Emergency Medical Communication Centre (EMCC) represents a pivotal link in the chain of survival for those requiring rapid response for out-of-hospital medical emergencies. Assessing and grading the performance of EMCCs are warranted as it can affect the health and safety of the served population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our work was to describe the activity on an EMCC and to explore the associations between different key performance indicators. METHODS: We carried out our prospective observational study in the EMCC of Nantes, France, from 6 June 2011 to 6 June 2015...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516353/physical-hazard-safety-awareness-among-healthcare-workers-in-tanta-university-hospitals-egypt
#3
Rania M El-Sallamy, Ibrahim Ali Kabbash, Sanaa Abd El-Fatah, Asmaa El-Feky
Hospital workers are exposed to many occupational hazards that may threaten their health and safety. Physical hazards encountered in hospital working environment include temperature, illumination, noise, electrical injuries, and radiation. To assess the awareness of healthcare workers (HCWs) about physical hazards in Tanta university hospitals, this cross-sectional study included 401 HCWs (physicians, nurses, technicians, and workers) from seven departments (general surgery, orthopedics, radiology, ophthalmology, kitchen, incinerator, and laundry)...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514907/nudging-for-prevention-in-occupational-health-and-safety-in-south-africa-using-fiscal-policies
#4
Pieter de Jager, David Rees, Sophia Kisting, Spo Kgalamono, Mpume Ndaba, Nicolas Stacey, Aviva Tugendhaft, Karen Hofman
Currently, in some countries occupational health and safety policy and practice have a bias toward secondary prevention and workers' compensation rather than primary prevention. Particularly, in emerging economies, research has not adequately contributed to effective interventions and improvements in workers' health. This article, using South Africa as a case study, describes a methodology for identifying candidate fiscal policy interventions and describes the policy interventions selected for occupational health and safety...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514026/gambling-with-life-masculinity-risk-and-danger-in-the-lives-of-unauthorized-migrant-roofers
#5
Sergio Chávez, Claire E Altman
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the occupational experiences of unauthorized immigrants employed in one of the most dangerous occupations in the United States: roofing. METHODS: We draw on 40 in-depth interviews with return migrants in Guanajuato, Mexico, to examine how the adoption of masculinity, dangerous working conditions, the labor market structure, and absence of legal status exacerbates injuries for unauthorized roofers. FINDINGS: Undocumented men return to Mexico injured with chronic pain, health complications, and trauma...
June 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511409/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-healthcare-managers-to-medical-waste-management-and-occupational-safety-practices-findings-from-southeast-nigeria
#6
Okechukwu Bonaventure Anozie, Lucky Osaheni Lawani, Justus Ndulue Eze, Emmanuel Johnbosco Mamah, Robinson Chukwudi Onoh, Emeka Onwe Ogah, Daniel Akuma Umezurike, Rita Onyinyechi Anozie
INTRODUCTION: Awareness of appropriate waste management procedures and occupational safety measures is fundamental to achieving a safe work environment, and ensuring patient and staff safety. AIM: This study was conducted to assess the attitude of healthcare managers to medical waste management and occupational safety practices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 54 hospital administrators in Ebonyi state...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509714/preventing-occupational-skin-disease-a-review-of-training-programs
#7
Bethany Zack, Victoria H Arrandale, D Linn Holness
Occupational contact dermatitis (OCD) is a common occupational disease that impacts a variety of worker groups. Skin protection and disease prevention training programs have shown promise for improving prevention practices and reducing the incidence of OCD. This review details the features of training programs for primary prevention of OCD and identifies gaps in the literature. Twelve studies were identified for in-depth review: many studies included wet workers employed in health care, hairdressing, cleaning, and food preparation; 1 program featured manufacturing workers...
May 2017: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508785/assessing-the-educational-needs-of-health-information-management-staff-of-the-mashhad-university-of-medical-sciences-iran
#8
Khalil Kimiafar, Abbas Sheikhtaheri, Masoumeh Sarbaz, Masoumeh Hoseini
Health information management (HIM) professionals have a combination of skills and, at the same time, the demand for their skills in the health system is increasing rapidly. This study aimed to assess the educational needs of the HIM staff in Iran. This descriptive analytical study was conducted in eight teaching hospitals. It was found that the maximum educational needs concerned the knowledge of medical terminology, occupational safety, legal aspects, the newest rules and regulations, and ministry guidelines, while the least of the felt needs related to insurance and other aspects of registry, data ownership, and data quality...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506182/elemental-properties-of-copper-slag-and-measured-airborne-exposures-at-a-copper-slag-processing-facility
#9
Christopher Mugford, Jenna L Gibbs, Randy Boylstein
In 1974, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health recommended a ban on the use of abrasives containing >1% silica, giving rise to abrasive substitutes like copper slag. We present results from a National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health industrial hygiene survey at a copper slag processing facility that consisted of the collection of bulk samples for metals and silica; and full-shift area and personal air samples for dust, metals, and respirable silica. Carcinogens, suspect carcinogens, and other toxic elements were detected in all bulk samples, and area and personal air samples...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503343/evaluation-of-serum-and-urinary-neopterin-levels-as-a-biomarker-for-occupational-exposure-to-crystalline-silica
#10
H Mohammadi, S F Dehghan, F Golbabaei, M Ansari, M Yaseri, S Roshani, R Divani
BACKGROUND: Crystalline silica is a commonly used mineral in various industries and construction activities, and it is so important introducing potential biomarkers to identify early indicators of biological effects in its high-risk occupational exposures. AIM: The present study was aimed to assess the blood and urinary neopterin as an early biomarker of exposure in the workers of an insulator manufacturing plant who are exposed to crystalline silica. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This analytical descriptive study was done among two groups of exposed workers (n = 55) and unexposed office workers (n = 38) of an insulator manufacturing plant...
September 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499626/carbon-dioxide-exposure-resulting-from-hood-protective-equipment-used-in-joint-arthroplasty-surgery
#11
Suhani Patel, Janelle M Fine, Michael J Lim, Steven N Copp, Adam S Rosen, John B West, G Kim Prisk
BACKGROUND: To protect both the surgeon and patient during procedures, hooded protection shields are used during joint arthroplasty procedures. Headache, malaise, and dizziness, consistent with increased carbon dioxide (CO2) exposure, have been anecdotally reported by surgeons using hoods. We hypothesized that increased CO2 concentrations were causing reported symptoms. METHODS: Six healthy subjects (4 men) donned hooded protection, fan at the highest setting. Arm cycle ergometry at workloads of 12 and 25 watts (W) simulated workloads encountered during arthroplasty...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497945/clarification-of-employer%C3%A2-s-continuing-obligation-to-make-and-maintain-an-accurate-record-of-each-recordable-injury-and-illness-final-rule
#12
(no author information available yet)
Under the Congressional Review Act, Congress has passed, and the President has signed, Public Law 115-21, a resolution of disapproval of OSHA's final rule titled, "Clarification of Employer's Continuing Obligation to Make and Maintain an Accurate Record of each Recordable Injury and Illness." OSHA published the rule, which contained various amendments to OSHA's recordkeeping regulations, on December 19, 2016. The amendments became effective on January 18, 2017. Because Public Law 115-21 invalidates the amendments to OSHA's recordkeeping regulations contained in the rule promulgated on December 19, 2016, OSHA is hereby removing those amendments from the Code of Federal Regulations...
May 3, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492131/personal-protective-equipment-in-animal-research
#13
Jason S Villano, Janet M Follo, Mark G Chappell, Morris T Collins
The occupational health and safety program is an integral component of a comprehensive animal care and use program. Itisimportant to mitigate the risk of exposures of animal care and research personnel to allergens and physical, chemical, radiologic,and biologic hazards during the conduct of various tasks. This need is especially true in infectious disease and biocontainment research. One aspect of the program is the provision of personal protective equipment (PPE). Commercially available PPE should be carefully evaluated based on their material composition and performance according to manufacturer data...
May 10, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486690/rhabdomyolysis-with-acute-tubular-necrosis-following-occupational-inhalation-of-thinners
#14
D Ngajilo, R Ehrlich
Thinners are mixtures of organic solvents commonly containing toluene, xylene, acetone, hexane, benzene and methyl isobutyl ketone. This report describes a case of rhabdomyolysis with acute tubular necrosis and renal failure, most likely attributable to toluene, following occupational exposure to thinners while cleaning a steel water tank. These adverse health effects have previously been reported following acute poisoning or intentional inhalation by drug abusers, but rarely in the occupational setting. Poor working conditions, lack of health and safety training and delayed treatment contributed to the onset and severity of the patient's complications...
May 9, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472554/efficacy-of-intravenous-cobinamide-versus-hydroxocobalamin-or-saline-for-treatment-of-severe-hydrogen-sulfide-toxicity-in-a-swine-sus-scrofa-model
#15
Vikhyat S Bebarta, Normalynn Garrett, Matthew Brenner, Sari Mahon, Joseph K Maddry, Susan Boudreau, Maria Castaneda, Gerard Boss
BACKGROUND: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a potentially deadly gas that naturally occurs in petroleum and natural gas. The Occupational Health and Safety Administration cites H2S as a leading cause of workplace gas inhalation deaths. Mass casualties of H2S toxicity may be caused by exposure from industrial accidents or release from oil field sites. H2S is also an attractive terrorism tool because of its high toxicity and ease with which it can be produced. Several potential antidotes have been proposed for hydrogen sulfide poisoning but none have been completely successful...
May 4, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472371/bayesian-analysis-of-occupational-exposure-data-with-conjugate-priors
#16
Rachael M Jones, Igor Burstyn
Bayesian analysis is a flexible method that can yield insight into occupational exposures as the methods quantify plausible values for exposure parameters of interest, such as the mean, variance, and specific percentiles of the exposure distribution. We describe three Bayesian analysis methods for the analysis of normally distributed data (e.g. the logarithm of measurements of chemical hazards) that use conjugate prior distributions (normal for the mean, and inverse-χ2, inverse-Γ, or vague for the variance) to provide analytical expressions for the posterior distributions of the sufficient statistics of the normal distribution (e...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469893/improving-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-rates-in-the-medical-units
#17
Haytham Taha, Salama J Raji, Abeer Khallaf, Seham Abu Hija, Raji Mathew, Hanan Rashed, Christelle Du Plessis, Zaytoen Allie, Samer Ellahham
Sheikh Khalifa Medical City (SKMC) in Abu Dhabi is the main tertiary care referral hospital in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) with 560 bed capacity with a high occupancy rate. SKMC senior management has made a commitment to make quality and patient safety a top priority. Preventing health care associated infections, including Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI), is a high priority for our hospital. In order to improve CAUTI rates a multidisciplinary task force team was formed and led this performance improvement project...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464860/occupational-safety-and-health-aspects-of-corporate-social-responsibility-reporting-in-japan-from-2004-to-2012
#18
Tomohisa Nagata, Akinori Nakata, Koji Mori, Takashi Maruyama, Futoshi Kawashita, Masako Nagata
BACKGROUND: A number of companies publish corporate social responsibility (CSR) reporting in booklets and other publicly available formats. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the nine-year (2004-2012) trend of occupational safety and health (OSH) activities as described in CSR reporting (by industry sector and company size). METHODS: We investigated CSR reporting on the website in all Japanese companies listed on the first section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange...
May 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463702/monitoring-of-bisphenol-a-and-bisphenol-s-in-thermal-paper-receipts-from-the-italian-market-and-estimated-transdermal-human-intake-a-pilot-study
#19
Giacomo Russo, Francesco Barbato, Lucia Grumetto
Bisphenol A (BPA), a synthetic xenoestrogen widely used in various industrial fields, can be present, in its un-reacted form, as an additive in thermal paper. BPA is virtually ubiquitous in industrialized societies and humans are exposed to this chemical via dietary and non-dietary sources. Since in 2015 European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) indicated that thermal paper is the second source of BPA exposure after the food chain, some suppliers replaced BPA with its analogue Bisphenol S (BPS), speculatively supposed to be safer...
April 29, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452035/extensive-review-of-shale-gas-environmental-impacts-from-scientific-literature-2010-2015
#20
Daniele Costa, João Jesus, David Branco, Anthony Danko, António Fiúza
Extensive reviews and meta-analyses are essential to summarize emerging developments in a specific field and offering information on the current trends in the scientific literature. Shale gas exploration and exploitation has been extensively debated in literature, but a comprehensive review of recent studies on the environmental impacts has yet to be carried out. Therefore, the goal of this article is to systematically examine scientific articles published between 2010 and 2015 and identify recent advances and existing data gaps...
April 28, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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