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Propofol infusion syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719515/anaesthetic-management-of-patients-with-myopathies
#1
Mark Schieren, Jerome Defosse, Andreas Böhmer, Frank Wappler, Mark U Gerbershagen
: The anaesthetic management of patients with myopathies is challenging. Considering the low incidence and heterogeneity of these disorders, most anaesthetists are unfamiliar with key symptoms, associated co-morbidities and implications for anaesthesia. The pre-anaesthetic assessment aims at the detection of potentially undiagnosed myopathic patients and, in case of known or suspected muscular disease, on the quantification of disease progression. Ancillary testing (e.g. echocardiography, ECG, lung function testing etc...
July 15, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711570/anesthetic-management-of-reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome-a-case-report
#2
Hiroshi Hoshijima, Naoki Itoh, Yoshinori Iwase, Hiroshi Nagasaka
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is a group of disorders characterized by prolonged reversible cerebral vasoconstriction, associated with acute-onset, severe, episodic "thunderclap" headaches with or without other neurologic clinical features. We describe the first reported case, to our knowledge, of a patient with RCVS who was managed under general anesthesia in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery. A 67-year-old woman with a diagnosis of RCVS made 2 months earlier was scheduled to undergo surgical extraction of the mandibular right third molar...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664022/intracerebral-hemorrhage-caused-by-cerebral-hyperperfusion-after-superficial-temporal-artery-to-middle-cerebral-artery-bypass-for-atherosclerotic-occlusive-cerebrovascular-disease
#3
Fumihiro Matano, Yasuo Murai, Takayuki Mizunari, Koji Adachi, Shiro Kobayashi, Akio Morita
Few papers have reported detailed accounts of intracerebral hemorrhage caused by cerebral hyperperfusion after superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery bypass (STA-MCA) bypass for atherosclerotic occlusive cerebrovascular disease. We report a case of vasogenic edema and subsequent intracerebral hemorrhage caused by the cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) after STA-MCA bypass for atherosclerotic occlusive cerebrovascular disease disease without intense postoperative blood pressure control. A 63-year-old man with repeating left hemiparesis underwent magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), which revealed right internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion...
January 2017: NMC Case Rep J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589067/intraoperative-dexmedetomidine-induced-polyuric-syndrome
#4
Shannon Granger, David Ninan
A 23-year-old male trauma patient with a cervical spine fracture underwent an anterior and posterior discectomy and spinal fusion surgery. The patient presented to the operating room with a stabilizing halo fixation device in place, and a fiberoptic intubation was performed with dexmedetomidine for sedation. During the surgical procedure, general anesthesia was maintained with a propofol and remifentanil infusion as the patient was monitored using somatosensory and motor evoked potentials. The patient's urine output increased gradually during the nine-hour surgical procedure from 150 mL/hour to over 700 mL/hour in the eighth hour of the procedure, where it remained until the end of the procedure...
May 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526162/pharmacologic-considerations-of-anesthetic-agents-in-pediatric-patients-a-comprehensive-review
#5
REVIEW
Alan D Kaye, Charles J Fox, Ira W Padnos, Ken P Ehrhardt, James H Diaz, Elyse M Cornett, Debbie Chandler, Sudipta Sen, Shilpadevi Patil
Acute pain in the pediatric population has important differences in terms of biology, intrapopulation variation, and epidemiology. Discussion as to the pharmacologic considerations of anesthetic agents, such as induction agents, neuromuscular blockers, opioids, local anesthetics, and adjuvant agents, is presented in this article. Special considerations and concerns, such as risk for propofol infusion syndrome and adverse potential side effects of anesthesia agents, are discussed. Anesthesiologists managing pediatric patients need to have a firm understanding of physiologic and pharmacologic differences compared with the adult population...
June 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364198/drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-with-target-controlled-infusion-using-propofol-and-monitored-depth-of-sedation-to-determine-treatment-strategies-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#6
Clemens Heiser, Phillippe Fthenakis, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Sebastian Berger, Benedikt Hofauer, Winfried Hohenhorst, Eberhard F Kochs, Klaus J Wagner, Guenther M Edenharter
BACKGROUND: Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) has become an important diagnostic examination tool in the treatment decision process for surgical therapies in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Currently, there is a variety of regimes for the performance of DISE, which renders comparison and assessment across results difficult. It remains unclear how the different regimes influence the findings of the examination and the resulting conclusions and treatment recommendations...
March 31, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230499/case-report-propofol-related-infusion-syndrome
#7
P Fallier-Becker, J P Vollmer, H Wolburg, S Haen, J Steiner, S Noell, R Lehmann, F Fend
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155226/propofol-versus-thiopental-sodium-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-status-epilepticus
#8
REVIEW
Hemanshu Prabhakar, Mani Kalaivani
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of a previously published review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Issue 6, 2015).Failure to respond to antiepileptic drugs in patients with uncontrolled seizure activity such as refractory status epilepticus (RSE) has led to the use of anaesthetic drugs. Coma is induced with anaesthetic drugs to achieve complete control of seizure activity. Thiopental sodium and propofol are popularly used for this purpose. Both agents have been found to be effective...
February 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072945/uneventful-prolonged-propofol-infusion-in-a-patient-with-brugada-syndrome
#9
P Flamee, W Dewals, J Poelaert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984227/physical-compatibility-of-propofol-sufentanil-mixtures
#10
Jarmila Zbytovská, Jana Gallusová, Lucie Vidlářová, Kamila Procházková, Jan Šimek, František Štěpánek
BACKGROUND: Combined infusions of propofol and sufentanil preparations are frequently used in clinical practice to induce anesthesia and analgesia. However, the stability of propofol emulsions can be affected by dilution with another preparation, sometimes leading to particle coalescence and enlargement. Such unwanted effects can lead to fat embolism syndrome after intravenous application. This study describes the physical stability of 5 commercially available propofol preparations mixed with sufentanil citrate solutions...
March 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932148/low-dose-spinal-block-with-continuous-epidural-infusion-for-renal-transplantation-in-a-patient-with-alport-syndrome-a-case-report
#11
F Gobbi, G Sales, P Bretto, P P Donadio, L Brazzi
OBJECTIVE: We aim to describe management of a patient receiving renal transplantation for chronic renal failure due to Alport syndrome with low dose of intrathecal bupivacaine and continuous epidural infusion of local anesthetic. CASE REPORT: A 38-years-old man with chronic renal failure secondary to Alport syndrome underwent kidney transplantation. Because of a high risk of respiratory and cardiovascular complications related to the patient's baseline lung disease and abnormalities in heart conduction, we selected combined spinal-epidural anesthesia...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793243/anesthesia-in-pregnant-women-with-hellp-syndrome-case-report
#12
Eduardo Barbin Zuccolotto, Eugenio Pagnussatt Neto, Glínia Cavalcante Nogueira, José Roberto Nociti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: HELLP syndrome, characterized by hemolysis, high levels of liver enzyme, and low platelet count, is an advanced clinical stage of pre-eclampsia, progressing to high maternal (24%) and perinatal (up 40%) mortality, despite childbirth care in a timely manner. The goal is to describe the anesthetic management of a case with indication to emergency cesarean. CASE REPORT: Female patient, 36 years old, gestational age of 24 weeks, with hypertensive crisis (BP 180/100mmHg) and severe headache, was admitted to the operating room for a cesarean section after diagnosis of HELLP syndrome...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779344/dexmedetomidine-use-in-patients-undergoing-electrophysiological-study-for-supraventricular-tachyarrhythmias
#13
Christopher F Tirotta, Tuan Nguyen, Steven Fishberger, Evelio Velis, Melissa Olen, Lourdes Lam, Danielle R Madril, Jessica Hughes, Richard G Lagueruela
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine is a selective alpha-2 adrenergic agonist with sedative, analgesic, and anxiolytic properties. Dexmedetomidine has not been approved for use in pediatrics. Dexmedetomidine has been reported to depress sinus node and atrioventricular nodal function in pediatric patients; it has been suggested that the use of dexmedetomidine may not be desirable during electrophysiological studies. AIM: We hypothesize that the use of dexmedetomidine does not inhibit the induction of supraventricular tachyarrhythmias (SVT) during electrophysiological studies and does not inhibit the ablation of such arrhythmias...
January 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738550/propofol-related-infusion-syndrome-in-the-peripartum-period
#14
Akwugo A Eziefule, Solafa Elshatanoufy, Mili Thakur, Frederico G Rocha
Background Propofol is a widely known, commonly used drug. Complications can occur with the use of this drug, including propofol-related infusion syndrome (PRIS). PRIS, in the obstetric population, has not been documented; however, we report a case of a patient who developed PRIS after an emergent cesarean delivery of a preterm infant. Case Study A 35-year-old multigravida woman presented complaining of leakage of fluid and decreased fetal movement. Her pregnancy was complicated by methadone maintenance therapy due to a history of opioid abuse...
October 2016: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631259/opioid-free-general-anesthesia-in-patient-with-steinert-syndrome-myotonic-dystrophy-case-report
#15
Tomasz Gaszynski
INTRODUCTION: We report on the anesthetic management using opioid-free method of a patient with Steinert syndrome (myotonic dystrophy, MD), autosomal dominant dystrophy which is characterized by consistent contracture of muscle following stimulation. A myotonic crisis can be induced by numerous factors including hypothermia, shivering, and mechanical or electrical stimulation. In patients with MD, hypersensitivity to anesthetic drugs, especially muscle relaxants and opioids, may complicate postoperative management...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588242/in-vivo-study-of-hepatic-oxidative-stress-and-mitochondrial-function-in-rabbits-with-severe-hypotension-after-propofol-prolonged-infusion
#16
Sónia Campos, Luís Félix, Carlos Venâncio, Maria de Lurdes Pinto, Francisco Peixoto, Paula Guedes de Pinho, Luís Antunes
In humans, prolonged sedations with propofol or using high doses have been associated with propofol infusion syndrome. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of prolonged high-dose administration of a specific propofol emulsion (Propofol Lipuro) and an improved lipid formulation (SMOFlipid) in liver mitochondrial bioenergetics and oxidative stress of rabbits, comparatively to a saline control. Twenty-one male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly allocated in three groups that were continuously treated for 20 h...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554227/effect-of-continuous-paravertebral-dexmedetomidine-administration-on-intraoperative-anesthetic-drug-requirement-and-post-thoracotomy-pain-syndrome-after-thoracotomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Vikas Dutta, Bhupesh Kumar, Aveek Jayant, Anand K Mishra
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of paravertebral administration of dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant to local anesthetic on the intraoperative anesthetic drug requirement and incidence of post-thoracotomy pain syndrome. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled, double-blind trial. SETTING: Single university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 30 patients who underwent elective thoracotomy and were assigned randomly to either the Ropin or Dexem group (n = 15 each)...
May 31, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493812/propofol-infusion-syndrome-in-refractory-status-epilepticus-a-case-report-and-topical-review
#18
Akil Walli, Troels Dirch Poulsen, Mette Dam, Jens Børglum
Propofol infusion syndrome (PRIS) is a fatal complication when doses of propofol administration exceed 4 mg/kg/h for more than 48 hours. Propofol overdosage is not uncommon in patients with refractory status epilepticus (RSE). We describe a case of refractory status epilepticus complicated by propofol infusion syndrome and collect from 5 databases all reports of refractory status epilepticus cases that were treated by propofol and developed the syndrome and outline whether refractory status epilepticus treatment with propofol is standardized according to international recommendations, compare it with alternative medications, and discuss how this syndrome can be treated and prevented...
2016: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488955/propofol-is-mitochondrion-toxic-and-may-unmask-a-mitochondrial-disorder
#19
Josef Finsterer, Marlies Frank
There are indications that preexisting mitochondrial disorders or beta-oxidation defects predispose for propofol infusion syndrome. This review aimed at investigating if propofol infusion syndrome occurs exclusively in patients with mitochondrial disorder and if propofol can unmask a mitochondrial disorder. Propofol infusion syndrome has been reported in genetically confirmed mitochondrial disorder patients. In addition, muscle biopsy of patients with propofol infusion syndrome revealed complex IV or complex II deficiency...
November 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340909/the-effect-of-concomitant-sirolimus-and-propofol-therapy-on-triglyceride-concentrations-in-critically-ill-patients
#20
Kevin M Dube, Paul M Szumita, Megan A Rocchio, Po-Shun Lee, Kevin E Anger
BACKGROUND: Sirolimus and propofol are both independently associated with the development of hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) during therapy. To date, there are no published reports describing synergistic or additive drug interaction resulting in HTG with concomitant use of these medications. STUDY QUESTION: To identify the occurrence of HTG in patients receiving concomitant sirolimus and propofol infusion therapy. METHODS: Adult patients receiving sirolimus and a continuous propofol infusion for at least 12 hours from January 2005 to August 2009 were retrospectively evaluated...
June 23, 2016: American Journal of Therapeutics
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