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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909377/association-between-body-composition-and-sport-injury-in-canadian-adolescents
#1
Allison M Ezzat, Amy Schneeberg, Mieke Koehoorn, Carolyn A Emery
Purpose: To examine the association between overweight or obesity and sport injury in a population-based sample of Canadian adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional analyses were performed using the Canadian Community Health Survey (2009-2010), a nationally representative sample (n=12,407) of adolescents aged 12-19 years. Body composition was quantified using BMI, grouping participants into healthy weight, overweight, or obese. The outcome of interest was acute or repetitive strain injury sustained during sport in the previous year...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900197/research-priorities-of-international-sporting-federations-and-the-ioc-research-centres
#2
Caroline F Finch, Scott Talpey, Ashley Bradshaw, Torbjorn Soligard, Lars Engebretsen
BACKGROUND/AIM: To be fully effective, the prevention of injury in sport and promotion of athlete's health needs to be both targeted and underpinned by scientific evidence. This study aimed to identify the research priorities of International Sporting Federation (ISFs) compared to the current research focus of the International Olympic Committee Research Centres (IOC-RCs). METHODS: Online survey of ISF Medical Chairpersons (n=22, 69% response) and IOC-RC Directors (n=7, 78% response)...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900162/first-overview-on-chronic-injuries-in-sport-climbing-proposal-for-a-change-in-reporting-of-injuries-in-climbing
#3
Gudmund Grønhaug, Marius Norberg
BACKGROUND: Climbing as a youth sport is growing fast. This is mostly due to indoor walls for training attracting youngsters. With hard training from young ages it is vital to be able to pinpoint training regimes to avoid injuries in athletes. Furthermore, it is vital to know what injuries are most common in the sport to be able to prevent them. Such an overview on injuries does not exist to date. The aim of this overview is to summon the injuries described in published research and to extract the most common...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900148/the-efficacy-of-a-movement-control-exercise-programme-to-reduce-injuries-in-youth-rugby-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
M D Hislop, K A Stokes, S Williams, C D McKay, M England, S P T Kemp, G Trewartha
BACKGROUND: Injuries to youth rugby players have become an increasingly prominent health concern, highlighting the importance of developing and implementing appropriate preventive strategies. A growing body of evidence from other youth sports has demonstrated the efficacy of targeted exercise regimens to reduce injury risk. However, studies have yet to investigate the effect of such interventions in youth contact sport populations like rugby union. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of an evidence-based movement control exercise programme compared with a sham exercise programme to reduce injury risk in youth rugby players...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884864/sports-injuries-and-illnesses-in-the-lillehammer-2016-youth-olympic-winter-games
#5
Kathrin Steffen, Christine Holm Moseid, Lars Engebretsen, Pia K Søberg, Olav Amundsen, Kristian Holm, Thomas Moger, Torbjørn Soligard
BACKGROUND: Injury and illness surveillance during high-level youth sports events is an important first step in health prevention and caretaking of the young elite athletes. AIM: To analyse injuries and illnesses that occurred during the 10 days 2nd Youth Olympic Winter Games (YOG), held in Lillehammer 2016. METHODS: We recorded the daily occurrence (or non-occurrence) of injuries and illnesses through the reporting of (1) all National Olympic Committee (NOC) medical teams and (2) the polyclinic and medical venues by the Lillehammer Organising Committee (LYOCOG) medical staff...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878418/factors-associated-with-current-smoking-among-off-reserve-first-nations-and-m%C3%A3-tis-youth-results-from-the-2012-aboriginal-peoples-survey
#6
Christopher Ryan, Scott Leatherdale, Martin Cooke
First Nations and Métis, two of Canada's constitutionally recognized Indigenous groups, suffer from poorer overall health than non-Indigenous Canadians. Current smoking, a known predictor of chronic health conditions, is close to twice as prevalent among Indigenous youth as it is among non-Indigenous Canadian youth. However, little population-level research has examined the correlates of current smoking among this population. Guided by a health framework centered on Indigenous-specific determinants, we used data from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey to examine the correlates of current smoking among First Nations and Métis youth aged 15-17 years living outside of First Nations reserves...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870795/achieving-equity-in-physical-activity-participation-acsm-experience-and-next-steps
#7
Rebecca E Hasson, David R Brown, Joan Dorn, Lisa Barkley, Carol Torgan, Melicia Whitt-Glover, Barbara Ainsworth, NiCole Keith
There is clear and consistent evidence that regular physical activity is an important component of healthy lifestyles, and fundamental to promoting health and preventing disease. Despite the known benefits of physical activity participation, many people in the United States (US) remain inactive. More specifically, physical activity behavior is socially patterned with lower participation rates among women, racial/ethnic minorities, sexual minority youth, individuals with less education, persons with physical, mental and cognitive disabilities, individuals > 65 years of age, and those living in the southeast region of the US...
November 19, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865444/the-prospective-association-of-organized-sports-participation-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-children-the-champs-study-dk
#8
Jeffrey J Hebert, Heidi Klakk, Niels Christian Møller, Anders Grøntved, Lars Bo Andersen, Niels Wedderkopp
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prospective association of organized leisure-time sports participation with cardiovascular risk in children. METHODS: Students were recruited from 10 public primary schools. From July 2009 to October 2010, parents reported children's weekly organized leisure-time sports participation via text messaging. Clustered cardiovascular risk was estimated with a composite score comprising fasting serum triglyceride levels, homeostasis assessment model-estimated insulin resistance, total to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio, and systolic blood pressure...
November 15, 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852593/humeral-retrotorsion-and-glenohumeral-motion-in-youth-baseball-players-compared-with-age-matched-nonthrowing-athletes
#9
Elliot M Greenberg, J Todd R Lawrence, Alicia Fernandez-Fernandez, Philip McClure
BACKGROUND: Baseball players exhibit a more posteriorly oriented humeral head in their throwing arm. This is termed humeral retrotorsion (HRT) and likely represents a response to the stress of throwing. This adaptation is thought to occur while the athlete is skeletally immature, however currently there is limited research detailing how throwing activity in younger players influences the development of HRT. In addition, it is presently unclear how this changing osseous orientation may influence shoulder motion within young athletes...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848757/results-from-the-republic-of-slovenia-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#10
Vedrana Sember, Gregor Starc, Gregor Jurak, Mojca Golobič, Marjeta Kovač, Poljanka Pavletič Samardžija, Shawnda A Morrison
BACKGROUND: This is the first assessment of the Republic of Slovenia's efforts to synthesize and report physical activity (PA) standards for children and youth following the Active Healthy Kids Global Alliance grading system model. METHODS: The Republic of Slovenia Report Card relies on research findings published in peer-reviewed journals, data compiled from national databases, and government initiatives which have been monitoring physical fitness standards in schools for the past 34 years (SLOfit and ACDSi)...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848755/results-from-ghana-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#11
Reginald Ocansey, Richmond Aryeetey, Seidu Sofo, Alex Nazzar, Margaret Delali, Prince Pambo, Vida Nyawornota, John Nartey, Rachel Sarkwa
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is limited evidence on estimates for physical activity (PA) behavior and sedentary behavior (SB) in Ghana. This report card (RC) is intended to increase awareness and sensitivity about issues surrounding PA and SB in Ghana. METHODS: Data were collected from peer-reviewed literature, graduate students' theses, physical education and sports documents, and a survey of opinions of stakeholders covering the 10 key RC indicators and benchmarks...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848754/results-from-portugal-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#12
Jorge Mota, Manuel Joâo Coelho E Silva, Armando M Raimundo, Luís B Sardinha
BACKGROUND: This article describes the procedures and development of the first Portuguese Report Card on Physical Activity in Children and Adolescents. METHODS: Comprehensive searches for data related to indicators of physical activity (PA) were completed by a committee of physical activity and sports specialists. Grades were assigned to each indicator consistent with the process and methodology outlined by the Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card model. RESULTS: Nine indicators of PA were graded...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848753/results-from-japan-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#13
Chiaki Tanaka, Shigeho Tanaka, Shigeru Inoue, Motohiko Miyachi, Koya Suzuki, John J Reilly
BACKGROUND: The Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth aims to consolidate existing evidence, encourage greater evidence-informed physical activity, and improve surveillance of physical activity. METHODS: The Japan report card followed the methodology of the Canadian and Scottish report cards, but was adapted to reflect the Japanese context. Nationally representative data were used to score each of the respective indicators. RESULTS: The 2016 Japan Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth consists of Health Behaviors and Outcomes (7 indicators), and Influences on Health Behaviors (4 indicators)...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848751/results-from-ireland-north-and-south-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#14
Deirdre M Harrington, Marie Murphy, Angela Carlin, Tara Coppinger, Alan Donnelly, Kieran P Dowd, Teresa Keating, Niamh Murphy, Elaine Murtagh, Wesley O'Brien, Catherine Woods, Sarahjane Belton
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is a key performance indicator for policy documents in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. Building on baseline grades set in 2014, Ireland's second Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth allows for continued surveillance of indicators related to PA in children and youth. METHODS: Data and information were extracted and collated for 10 indicators and graded using an international standardized grading system...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848750/results-from-the-united-arab-emirates-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#15
Mouza Al Zaabi, Syed Mahboob Shah, Mohamud Sheek-Hussein, Abdishakur Abdulle, Abdulla Al Junaibi, Tom Loney
BACKGROUND: The Active Healthy Kids 2016 United Arab Emirates (UAE) Report Card provides a systematic evaluation of how the UAE is performing in supporting and engaging physical activity (PA) in children and adolescents. METHODS: The Active Healthy Kids Global Alliance framework and standardized set of procedures were used to perform the systematic assessment of PA in UAE youth and children. Indicator grades were based on the proportion of children and youth achieving a defined benchmark: A = 81% to 100%; B = 61% to 80%; C = 41% to 60%; D = 21% to 40%; F = 0% to 20%; INC = incomplete data...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848749/results-from-kenya-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#16
Vincent O Onywera, Stella K Muthuri, Sylvester Hayker, Lucy-Joy M Wachira, Florence Kyallo, Robert O Mang'eni, Peter Bukhala, Caleb Mireri
BACKGROUND: Kenya's 2016 report card aimed to highlight the health and well-being of Kenyan children and youth using the best available evidence on the physical activity of Kenyan children and youth. The report pointed at areas where Kenya was succeeding and areas where more action is required. METHODS: Inclusive analyses of available data sources on the core indicators related to physical activity and body weights of Kenyan children and youth (5 to 17 years) were conducted...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848748/results-from-chile-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#17
Nicolas Aguilar-Farias, Andrea Cortinez-O'Ryan, Kabir P Sadarangani, Astrid Von Oetinger, Jaime Leppe, Macarena Valladares, Teresa Balboa-Castillo, Carolina Cobos, Nicolas Lemus, Magdalena Walbaum, Carlos Cristi-Montero
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Chilean Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth is a review of the evidence across indicators of behaviors, settings, and sources of influence associated with physical activity (PA) of Chilean children and youth. METHODS: A Research Work Group reviewed available evidence from publications, surveys, government documents and datasets to assign a grade for 11 indicators for PA behavior based on the percentage of compliance for defined benchmarks...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848747/results-from-qatar-s-2016-active-healthy-kids-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#18
Mohamed G Al-Kuwari, Izzeldin A Ibrahim, Eiman M Al Hammadi, John J Reilly
BACKGROUND: The first Qatar Active Healthy Kids (QAHK) Report Card was developed in 2015-2016. It is a synthesis of the available evidence on physical activity in children and youth in the state of Qatar-an assessment of the state of the nation. The report card is important for future physical activity advocacy, policy, and program development. METHODS: The QAHK Report Card was inspired by the Active Healthy Kids Scotland 2013 Report Card. The methodology used in Scotland's report card was adapted for Qatar...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848746/results-from-england-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#19
Hannah Wilkie, Martyn Standage, Lauren Sherar, Sean Cumming, Caley Parnell, Adrian Davis, Charlie Foster, Russ Jago
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity improves physical and mental health, yet children's physical activity levels were low in England's 2014 Report Card. Within this paper, we update the 2014 Report Card to assess current information for the 9 indicators of physical activity. METHODS: A search for nationally representative data on 9 indicators of physical activity was conducted and the data were assessed by an expert panel. The panel assigned grades [ie, A, B, C, D, F, or INC (incomplete)] to each indicator based on whether children across England were achieving specific benchmarks...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848745/global-matrix-2-0-report-card-grades-on-the-physical-activity-of-children-and-youth-comparing-38-countries
#20
Mark S Tremblay, Joel D Barnes, Silvia A González, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Vincent O Onywera, John J Reilly, Grant R Tomkinson
The Active Healthy Kids Global Alliance organized the concurrent preparation of Report Cards on the physical activity of children and youth in 38 countries from 6 continents (representing 60% of the world's population). Nine common indicators were used (Overall Physical Activity, Organized Sport Participation, Active Play, Active Transportation, Sedentary Behavior, Family and Peers, School, Community and the Built Environment, and Government Strategies and Investments), and all Report Cards were generated through a harmonized development process and a standardized grading framework (from A = excellent, to F = failing)...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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