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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075713/an-activist-approach-to-sport-meets-youth-from-socially-vulnerable-backgrounds-possible-learning-aspirations
#1
Carla Luguetti, Kimberly L Oliver, Luiz Eduardo Pinto Basto Tourinho Dantas, David Kirk
PURPOSE: This study was a 2-phase activist research project aimed at co-creating a prototype pedagogical model for working with youth from socially vulnerable backgrounds in a sport context. This article addresses the learning aspirations (learning outcomes) that emerged when we created spaces for youth to develop strategies to manage the risks they face in their community. METHOD: This study took place in a socially and economically disadvantaged neighborhood in a Brazilian city where we worked with a group of 17 boys aged 13 to 15 years old, 4 coaches, a pedagogic coordinator, and a social worker...
January 11, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069082/legislation-for-youth-sport-concussion-in-canada-review-conceptual-framework-and-recommendations
#2
Kelly Russell, Michael J Ellis, Shannon Bauman, Charles H Tator
In this article, we conduct a review of introduced and enacted youth concussion legislation in Canada and present a conceptual framework and recommendations for future youth sport concussion laws. We conducted online searches of federal, provincial, and territorial legislatures to identify youth concussion bills that were introduced or successfully enacted into law. Internet searches were carried out from July 26 and 27, 2016. Online searches identified six youth concussion bills that were introduced in provincial legislatures, including two in Ontario and Nova Scotia and one each in British Columbia and Quebec...
January 10, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017952/-effect-of-exercise-and-sports-activity-on-bone-health-during-the-period-of-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#3
Takeru Kato
Physical activity may play an important role in maximizing bone mass during adolescence to young adulthood and may have long-lasting benefits on bone health. Because peak bone mass is thought to be attained by the end of the third decade, the early adult years may be the final opportunity for its augmentation. High-impact weight-bearing exercise during youth may provide lifelong benefits in terms of bone mineral content, structure and strength, and consequently reduce fracture risk. Weight-bearing exercise in youth affects bone, and these effects may be preserved as BMC, geometric and structural advantages even after 40 years...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017518/effectiveness-of-a-stress-management-pilot-program-aimed-at-reducing-the-incidence-of-sports-injuries-in-young-football-soccer-players
#4
Aurelio Olmedilla-Zafra, Victor J Rubio, Enrique Ortega, Alexandre García-Mas
OBJECTIVES: Several attempts to reduce the incidence of sport injuries using psychosocial interventions produced fruitful, although inconclusive results. This paper presents the effectiveness and implementation issues of a pilot 3-month stress-management and muscle relaxation program aimed at reducing sport injury incidence. DESIGN: Pre-post treatment-non treatment group comparison. PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION: The program was administered by a trained psychologist on a once-a-week, 1-h session basis...
September 6, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006893/lifestyle-and-resulting-body-composition-in-young-athletes
#5
Gabriele Mascherini, Cristian Petri, Piergiuseppe Calà, Vittorio Bini, Giorgio Galanti
BACKGROUND: Key aspects in a lifestyle analysis are physical activity level and eating habits. An unhealthy lifestyle results in fat mass increase and in a predisposition to non communicable chronic diseases even in young age. The purpose of this study was to investigate the lifestyle and body composition in young athletes. METHODS: The subjects underwent to an assessment of body composition and they completed two questionnaires, one concerning the level of physical activity and the other regarding eating habits...
December 22, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002179/game-profile-based-training-in-soccer-a-new-field-approach
#6
Antonio Dello Iacono, Domenico Martone, Drazen Cular, Mirjana Milic, Johnny Padulo
The aim of the study was to profile and compare the time-motion, physiological, and neuromuscular responses of both national youth league (NYL) and UEFA Youth League (UYL) matches with those of an experimental game-profile-based training (GPBT) protocol. Time-motion traits and physiological, perceptual, and neuromuscular responses were investigated in 24 male soccer players across 14 matches and 6 GPBT training sessions, for a total of 420 samples. The GPBT had a greater influence on time-motion traits and perceptual responses than the NYL and UYL matches (all p< 0...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000283/maturational-and-social-factors-contributing-to-relative-age-effects-in-school-sports-data-from-the-london-youth-games
#7
K E Reed, D A Parry, G R H Sandercock
Few studies have investigated whether relative age effects (RAEs) exist in school sport. None have sought to test the competing maturational and social-agent hypotheses proposed to explain the RAE. We aimed to determine the presence of RAEs in multiple school sports and examine the contribution of maturational and social factors in commonplace school sports. We analyzed birth dates of n=10645 competitors (11-18 years) in the 2013 London Youth Games annual inter-school multisport competition and calculated odds ratio (OR) for students competing based on their yearly birth quarter (Q1-Q4)...
December 20, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993844/comparison-of-four-alternative-national-universal-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-prevention-programme-implementation-strategies-to-reduce-secondary-future-medical-costs
#8
Dion A Lewis, Brent Kirkbride, Christopher J Vertullo, Louisa Gordon, Tracy A Comans
BACKGROUND/AIM: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is a common and devastating sporting injury. With or without ACL reconstruction, the risk of knee osteoarthritis (OA) and permanent disability later in life is markedly increased. While neuromuscular training programmes can prevent 50-80% of ACL injuries, no national implementation strategies exist in Australia. The aim of this study was to compare the ability of four alternative national universal ACL injury prevention programme implementation strategies to reduce future medical costs secondary to ACL injury...
December 19, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986759/are-all-sport-activities-equal-a-systematic-review-of-how-youth-psychosocial-experiences-vary-across-differing-sport-activities
#9
M Blair Evans, Veronica Allan, Karl Erickson, Luc J Martin, Ross Budziszewski, Jean Côté
OBJECTIVE: Models of sport development often support the assumption that young athletes' psychosocial experiences differ as a result of seemingly minor variations in how their sport activities are designed (eg, participating in team or individual sport; sampling many sports or specialising at an early age). This review was conducted to systematically search sport literature and explore how the design of sport activities relates to psychosocial outcomes. DESIGN: Systematic search, followed by data extraction and synthesis...
December 16, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951720/-involvement-of-piwi-interacting-rnas-in-cancerogenesis-via-the-regulation-of-gene-expression
#10
S Rybecká, K Štítkovcová, P Vychytilová-Faltejsková, O Slabý
BACKGROUND: In the past few years, a number of studies have suggested that small non-coding RNAs could be promising diagnostic, prognostic and predictive biomarkers in oncology. Recently, small RNAs interacting with PIWI proteins (piRNAs) have been described. These small RNAs regulate gene expression at transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels; however, they appear to be specifically involved in silencing the transposable elements LINE and SINE and are thus considered to contribute to genomic stability...
2016: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941042/apophyseal-injuries-in-children-s-and-youth-sports
#11
REVIEW
Umile Giuseppe Longo, Mauro Ciuffreda, Joel Locher, Nicola Maffulli, Vincenzo Denaro
INTRODUCTION: The authors reviewed the current English literature regarding apophyseal injuries affecting young athletes, to highlight the frequency and characteristics of these injuries, to clarify risk factors and specific prevention measures, and to identify future research objectives. SOURCES OF DATA: The authors performed a comprehensive search of the medical literature, using the Medline database, including all English articles. Various combinations of the Keywords 'injury', 'sports', 'athletic injuries', 'avulsion fractures', 'physeal', 'physis', 'apophysis', 'apophysitis', 'growth plate' were used...
December 2016: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940732/youth-participation-and-injury-risk-in-martial-arts
#12
Rebecca A Demorest, Chris Koutures
The martial arts can provide children and adolescents with vigorous levels of physical exercise that can improve overall physical fitness. The various types of martial arts encompass noncontact basic forms and techniques that may have a lower relative risk of injury. Contact-based sparring with competitive training and bouts have a higher risk of injury. This clinical report describes important techniques and movement patterns in several types of martial arts and reviews frequently reported injuries encountered in each discipline, with focused discussions of higher risk activities...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939265/global-participation-in-sport-and-leisure-time-physical-activities-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Ryan M Hulteen, Jordan J Smith, Philip J Morgan, Lisa M Barnett, Pedro C Hallal, Kim Colyvas, David R Lubans
This review aimed to determine the most popular physical activities performed by children, adolescents, and adults globally. Statistic bureau websites and article databases Scopus, ProQuest, SPORTDiscus, and Science Direct were searched between November 17th, 2014 and April 31st, 2015. Eligible studies were published in the last 10years with participation rates for specific physical activities among individuals five years or older. Data extraction for included articles (n=64) was assessed independently and agreed upon by two authors...
December 6, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927073/the-importance-of-cohesion-and-enjoyment-for-the-fitness-improvement-of-8-10-year-old-children-participating-in-a-team-and-individual-sport-school-based-physical-activity-intervention
#14
Anne-Marie Elbe, Johan Michael Wikman, Miky Zheng, Malte Nejst Larsen, Glen Nielsen, Peter Krustrup
This study investigates the enjoyment and cohesion of school children participating in a school-based high-intensity physical activity (PA) intervention. Both enjoyment and cohesion have been found to be important factors for adherence to regular physical and sport activity, an important outcome of PA interventions. The sample consisted of 300 pupils (mean age: 9.3 years; 52.7% female) assigned to a team sport intervention, an individual sport intervention, or a control group for 10 months. The Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale and Youth Sport Environment Questionnaire were used to measure enjoyment and cohesion...
December 7, 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923185/profiling-perpetrators-of-interpersonal-violence-against-children-in-sport-based-on-a-victim-survey
#15
Tine Vertommen, Jarl Kampen, Nicolette Schipper-van Veldhoven, Kristien Wouters, Kasia Uzieblo, Filip Van Den Eede
The current article reports on perpetrator characteristics gathered in the first large-scale prevalence study on interpersonal violence against children in sport in the Netherlands and Belgium. Using retrospective web survey design, 4043 adults answered questions on their experiences in youth sport. The study looks at the number of perpetrators as well as individual descriptive characteristics (sex, age, and role in the sport organization) of perpetrators of psychological, physical and sexual violence as reported retrospectively by victim-respondents...
January 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920584/evaluation-management-and-prevention-of-lower-extremity-youth-ice-hockey-injuries
#16
REVIEW
Charles A Popkin, Brian M Schulz, Caroline N Park, Thomas S Bottiglieri, T Sean Lynch
Ice hockey is a fast-paced sport played by increasing numbers of children and adolescents in North America and around the world. Requiring a unique blend of skill, finesse, power and teamwork, ice hockey can become a lifelong recreational activity. Despite the rising popularity of the sport, there is ongoing concern about the high frequency of musculoskeletal injury associated with participation in ice hockey. Injury rates in ice hockey are among the highest in all competitive sports. Numerous research studies have been implemented to better understand the risks of injury...
2016: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919920/youth-sports-injury-prevention-keep-calm-and-play-on
#17
EDITORIAL
Cynthia R LaBella, Gregory D Myer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909377/association-between-body-composition-and-sport-injury-in-canadian-adolescents
#18
Allison M Ezzat, Amy Schneeberg, Mieke Koehoorn, Carolyn A Emery
Purpose: To examine the association between overweight or obesity and sport injury in a population-based sample of Canadian adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional analyses were performed using the Canadian Community Health Survey (2009-2010), a nationally representative sample (n=12,407) of adolescents aged 12-19 years. Body composition was quantified using BMI, grouping participants into healthy weight, overweight, or obese. The outcome of interest was acute or repetitive strain injury sustained during sport in the previous year...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900197/research-priorities-of-international-sporting-federations-and-the-ioc-research-centres
#19
Caroline F Finch, Scott Talpey, Ashley Bradshaw, Torbjorn Soligard, Lars Engebretsen
BACKGROUND/AIM: To be fully effective, the prevention of injury in sport and promotion of athlete's health needs to be both targeted and underpinned by scientific evidence. This study aimed to identify the research priorities of International Sporting Federation (ISFs) compared to the current research focus of the International Olympic Committee Research Centres (IOC-RCs). METHODS: Online survey of ISF Medical Chairpersons (n=22, 69% response) and IOC-RC Directors (n=7, 78% response)...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900162/first-overview-on-chronic-injuries-in-sport-climbing-proposal-for-a-change-in-reporting-of-injuries-in-climbing
#20
Gudmund Grønhaug, Marius Norberg
BACKGROUND: Climbing as a youth sport is growing fast. This is mostly due to indoor walls for training attracting youngsters. With hard training from young ages it is vital to be able to pinpoint training regimes to avoid injuries in athletes. Furthermore, it is vital to know what injuries are most common in the sport to be able to prevent them. Such an overview on injuries does not exist to date. The aim of this overview is to summon the injuries described in published research and to extract the most common...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
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