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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136360/investigating-socioeconomic-position-in-dental-caries-and-traumatic-dental-injury-among-children-in-quebec
#1
P Da Rosa, Marie-Claude Rousseau, A Edasseri, M Henderson, B Nicolau
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic position (SEP) is inversely associated with most oral health outcomes, but the patterns of association may vary depending on the specific outcome. We estimated associations between SEP and two oral health outcomes, dental caries and traumatic dental injuries (TDI), in Quebec children. METHODS: We used data from the baseline visit of the QUALITY (QUebec Adipose and Lifestyle Investigation in Youth) Cohort, an ongoing study in Montreal and Quebec, Canada...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135641/the-pediatric-endurance-athlete
#2
Mary L Solomon, Susannah M Briskin, Nicole Sabatina, Jennifer E Steinhoff
Youth sports participation numbers continue to grow in the United States. A shift toward sport specialization has caused an increase in sport training frequency and intensity that places the growing athlete at risk for overtraining, nutritional deficits, and injuries. Individuals who participate in endurance sports are at especially high risk. Youth runners and swimmers are high-risk populations that require special attention to their training schedules, nutritional intake, and injuries. Appropriate scheduling of training, dedicating time to rest, and nutrition education can help prevent problems in the endurance athlete...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134048/the-cognitive-and-motivation-intervention-program-in-youth-female-volleyball-players
#3
Fernando Claver, Ruth Jiménez, Alexander Gil-Arias, Alberto Moreno, M Perla Moreno
This study, grounded in Self-Determination Theory (Deci and Ryan, 1985, 2002) was aimed to determine the influence of a cognitive-motivational intervention program, to improve the basic psychological need satisfaction of autonomy and competence, autonomous motivation, procedural knowledge, perceived performance and sport commitment, in youth volleyball players. Participants included 34 Under-19 female volleyball players. A quasi-experimental design was carried out with an experimental group (n = 16; M = 17...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132378/protocol-for-the-study-of-self-perceived-psychological-and-emotional-well-being-of-young-paralympic-athletes
#4
Luca Puce, Lucio Marinelli, Laura Mori, Ilaria Pallecchi, Carlo Trompetto
BACKGROUND: We present the detailed protocol set up to investigate how agonistic sport affects the self-perceived psychological and emotional well-being of disabled young people. METHODS: The study will be carried out on a number of subjects as large as 800-1200, using well-established indices that give a quantitative measure of such well-being, namely SF-12 and PGWBI. The related questionnaires will be administered to the participants to a forthcoming international event, the European Para-Youth Games, 9-15 October 2017, Liguria, Italy, as well as to a reference population of a similar number of subjects, made up of young disabled people that do not practice agonistic sport...
November 13, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131779/sport-sampling-is-associated-with-improved-landing-technique-in-youth-athletes
#5
Lindsay J DiStefano, Eleanor M Beltz, Hayley J Root, Jessica C Martinez, Andrew Houghton, Nicole Taranto, Katherine Pearce, Erin McConnell, Courtney Muscat, Steve Boyle, Thomas H Trojian
BACKGROUND: Sport sampling is recommended to promote fundamental movement skill acquisition and physical activity. In contrast, sport specialization is associated with musculoskeletal injury risk, burnout, and attrition from sport. There is limited evidence to support the influence of sport sampling on neuromuscular control, which is associated with injury risk, in youth athletes. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes who participated in only 1 sport during the previous year would demonstrate higher Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) scores than their counterparts...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131721/postural-stability-in-healthy-child-and-youth-athletes-the-effect-of-age-sex-and-concussion-related-factors-on-performance
#6
Melissa Paniccia, Katherine E Wilson, Anne Hunt, Michelle Keightley, Karl Zabjek, Tim Taha, Isabelle Gagnon, Nick Reed
BACKGROUND: Postural stability plays a key role in sport performance, especially after concussion. Specific to healthy child and youth athletes, little is known about the influence development and sex may have on postural stability while considering other subjective clinical measures used in baseline/preinjury concussion assessment. This study aims to describe age- and sex-based trends in postural stability in uninjured child and youth athletes at baseline while accounting for concussion-related factors...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121528/a-detailed-examination-of-the-longitudinal-associations-between-individual-and-team-sports-and-alcohol-use
#7
Anne-Sophie Denault, François Poulin
This study examined the longitudinal associations between participation in individual and team sports and indicators of alcohol use during the high school years and beyond. A total of 310 youths were surveyed over six waves of data collection (ages 12, 14 to 17, and 19). Participation in individual and team sports was measured through phone interviews, whereas frequency of alcohol use, frequency of intoxication, and problematic alcohol use were self-reported. Control variables included participation in other types of organized activities, sex, family income and structure, parental education and knowledge, problem behaviors, deviant peers, and peer status...
October 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117452/influence-of-population-size-density-and-proximity-to-talent-clubs-on-the-likelihood-of-becoming-elite-youth-athlete
#8
Niels N Rossing, Diana Stentoft, Alexander Flattum, Jean Côté, Dan S Karbing
Previous studies have found significant differences in the likelihood of becoming an elite athlete depending on community population sizes and densities, an effect known as the place of early development, or birthplace effect. However, the results have not been consistent between sports or European countries. Since both professional and voluntary clubs are vital to the talent development systems in Europe, the proximity of an athlete's place of early development to the location of talent clubs may be an important predictor of the likelihood of becoming an elite athlete...
November 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114563/risk-factors-for-lower-extremity-overuse-injuries-in-female-youth-soccer-players
#9
John W O'Kane, Moni Neradilek, Nayak Polissar, Lori Sabado, Allan Tencer, Melissa A Schiff
Background: Youth soccer injuries are common and of increasing concern, with sport specialization occurring at younger ages. Limited research is available regarding overuse injuries and risk factors in young female athletes. Purpose: To identify the number and rate of overuse injuries in female soccer players (ages 12-15 years), describe the anatomic location and type of injury, and evaluate contributing risk factors. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
October 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112057/game-responses-during-young-padel-match-play-age-and-gender-comparisons
#10
Sergio García-Benítez, Javier Courel-Ibáñez, Txomin Pérez-Bilbao, José Luis Felipe
The purpose of the present study was to assess match activity profile and temporal structure in U-16 and U-18 male and female padel players from the 2014 Spanish Youth National Championship. A total of 1670 rallies from 12 matches were recorded through systematic observation. Variables pertaining to game and point duration, rest interval time, number of strokes per rally, and match total duration were registered. Current findings show significant influences of age and gender on game demands in youth padel players, strengthen the importance of knowing specific game characteristics during formative stages for training accordingly...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111226/marketing-food-and-beverages-to-youth-through-sports
#11
REVIEW
Marie A Bragg, Christina A Roberto, Jennifer L Harris, Kelly D Brownell, Brian Elbel
Food and beverage marketing has been identified as a major driver of obesity yet sports sponsorship remains common practice and represents millions of dollars in advertising expenditures. Research shows that food and beverage products associated with sports (e.g., M&M's with National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing logo) generate positive feelings, excitement, and a positive self-image among adults and children. Despite this, self-regulatory pledges made by food companies to limit exposure of unhealthy products to children have not improved the nutritional quality of foods marketed to children...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106335/psychosocial-development-through-masters-sport-what-can-be-gained-from-youth-sport-models
#12
Rylee A Dionigi, Jessica Fraser-Thomas, Rachael C Stone, Amy M Gayman
Although sport participation is encouraged throughout the lifespan, little research has been conducted on the role of sport in development later in life. This qualitative study explored adults' experiences of development within the context of Masters sport. We interviewed 14 adults (nine men and five women) aged 46-61 years involved in Masters sport. Data was interpreted drawing upon frameworks from youth sport (i.e., Personal Assets Framework for Sport; Côté, J., Bruner, M., Strachan, L., Erickson, K., & Fraser-Thomas, J...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099946/examining-the-association-between-physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-and-sport-participation-with-e-cigarette-use-and-smoking-status-in-a-large-sample-of-canadian-youth
#13
Sandra Milicic, Emma Piérard, Philip DeCicca, Scott T Leatherdale
Introduction: Youth e-cigarette use is common worldwide, but the profile of e-cigarette users compared with tobacco users is unclear. This study examines how sport participation and activity levels among youth differ between e-cigarette users and smokers. Methods: Using Canadian data from 38,977 grade 9 to 12 students who participated in Year 3 (2014-15) of the COMPASS study, logistic regression models were used to examine the likelihood of sport participation and activity level based on e-cigarette use and smoking status...
November 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082464/tanner-whitehouse-skeletal-ages-in-male-youth-soccer-players-tw2-or-tw3
#14
Robert M Malina, Manuel J Coelho-E-Silva, António J Figueiredo, Renaat M Philippaerts, Norikazu Hirose, Maria Eugenia Peña Reyes, Giulio Gilli, Andrea Benso, Roel Vaeyens, Dieter Deprez, Luiz F Guglielmo, Rojapon Buranarugsa
BACKGROUND: The Tanner-Whitehouse radius-ulna-short bone protocol (TW2 RUS) for the assessment of skeletal age (SA) is widely used to estimate the biological (skeletal) maturity status of children and adolescents. The scale for converting TW RUS ratings to an SA has been revised (TW3 RUS) and has implications for studies of youth athletes in age-group sports. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare TW2 and TW3 RUS SAs in an international sample of male youth soccer players and to compare distributions of players by maturity status defined by each SA protocol...
October 29, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075200/neuromuscular-adaptations-to-multimodal-injury-prevention-programs-in-youth-sports-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Oliver Faude, Roland Rössler, Erich J Petushek, Ralf Roth, Lukas Zahner, Lars Donath
Objective: Neuromuscular injury prevention programs (IPP) can reduce injury rate by about 40% in youth sport. Multimodal IPP include, for instance, balance, strength, power, and agility exercises. Our systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effects of multimodal IPP on neuromuscular performance in youth sports. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature search including selected search terms related to youth sports, injury prevention, and neuromuscular performance. Inclusion criteria were: (i) the study was a (cluster-)randomized controlled trial (RCT), and (ii) investigated healthy participants, up to 20 years of age and involved in organized sport, (iii) an intervention arm performing a multimodal IPP was compared to a control arm following a common training regime, and (iv) neuromuscular performance parameters (e...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072035/relation-between-lifestyle-behaviors-and-body-composition-patterns-among-healthy-young-italians-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Luciana Zaccagni, Natascia Rinaldo, Barbara Bramanti, Emanuela Gualdi-Russo
BACKGROUND: Negative lifestyle factors affect health outcomes adversely. The aim of the study was to assess body composition parameters and their relationship to several lifestyle behaviors among young Italian adults. METHODS: A cross sectional study was carried out on a sample of university students (n= 200; 50% males; 21.9 ± 2.0 years). Anthropometric and bio-impedance traits were directly measured. Behavioral data (physical activity, alcohol consumption and smoking data) were collected by a self- administered questionnaire...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058559/evaluation-of-an-active-rehabilitation-program-for-concussion-management-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
Danielle M Dobney, Lisa Grilli, Helen Kocilowicz, Christine Beaulieu, Meghan Straub, Debbie Friedman, Isabelle Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the extent to which post-concussion symptoms were influenced by participation in an Active Rehabilitation (AR) program (aerobic exercise, coordination drills, visualization and education) for children and adolescents who are slow to recover from concussion. A secondary exploratory objective included examining the influence of sex on symptom evolution. METHODS: Analysis of prospectively collected data was performed on 277 youth who initiated an AR program, between three and four weeks post-injury at a Concussion Clinic in a tertiary care paediatric teaching hospital...
October 23, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058105/disentangling-the-relations-between-social-identity-and-prosocial-and-antisocial-behavior-in-competitive-youth-sport
#18
Mark W Bruner, Ian D Boardley, Alex J Benson, Kathleen S Wilson, Zachary Root, Jennifer Turnnidge, Jordan Sutcliffe, Jean Côté
The social identities formed through membership on extracurricular activity groups may contribute to the frequency with which youth engage in prosocial and antisocial behavior. However, researchers have yet to disentangle the individual- and group-level processes social identification effects operate through; sex and perceived norms may also moderate such effects. Thus, we investigated the hierarchical and conditional relations between three dimensions of social identity (i.e., ingroup ties, cognitive centrality, ingroup affect) and prosocial and antisocial behavior in youth ice hockey players (N = 376; 33% female)...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050892/traumatic-vertebral-artery-dissection-in-high-school-rugby-players-a-report-of-two-cases
#19
Satoshi Suzuki, Ryosuke Tsuchimochi, Gorou Abe, Iwae Yu, Takuya Inoue, Hideaki Ishibashi
Traumatic vertebral artery dissection (VAD) has been reported in various types of sports and recreation. However, there have been no reports of VAD in rugby players, except for those with cervical spine injuries. We experienced two cases of VAD without cervical spine injuries in high school rugby players. Attention should be paid to protect youth rugby players from VAD.
October 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048967/new-and-recurrent-concussions-in-high-school-athletes-before-and-after-traumatic-brain-injury-laws-2005-2016
#20
Jingzhen Yang, R Dawn Comstock, Honggang Yi, Hosea H Harvey, Pengcheng Xun
OBJECTIVES: To examine the trends of new and recurrent sports-related concussions in high-school athletes before and after youth sports traumatic brain injury laws. METHODS: We used an interrupted time-series design and analyzed the concussion data (2005-2016) from High School Reporting Injury Online. We examined the trends of new or recurrent concussion rates among US representative high-school athletes participating in 9 sports across prelaw, immediate-postlaw, and postlaw periods by using general linear models...
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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