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Youth sport

Nicole De Wet, Oluwaseyi Somefun, Ndivhuwo Rambau
BACKGROUND: Crime and violence causes massive disruptions to the health, survival and development of populations. In South Africa, incredibly high rates of crime and violence are noted. The country also has a very large youth population whose health, survival and development are key to economic growth. Among other efforts to encourage healthy youth development and the promotion of social activities such as sports, youth groups, choirs and so forth. This study examines the relationship between perceived community safety and the uptake of social activities among youth in South Africa...
2018: PloS One
M Alison Brooks, Eric G Post, Stephanie M Trigsted, Daniel A Schaefer, Daniel M Wichman, Andrew M Watson, Timothy A McGuine, David R Bell
Background: There are a variety of proposed motivations for sport specialization, such as improving sport skills to an elite level, making all-star or travel teams, or receiving a scholarship or professional contract. However, there has not been a quantitative examination of the attitudes and beliefs that may be contributing to the trend of sport specialization and year-round sport participation. Purpose: The primary aim was to describe the attitudes and beliefs of youth club sport athletes regarding sport specialization and sport participation...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Guillaume Martinent, Valérian Cece, Marije Titia Elferink-Gemser, Irene Renate Faber, Jean-Claude Decret
This study examined the prognostic relevance of self-determined motivation, coping, burnout, perceived stress and recovery experienced by 159 youth table-tennis players involved in intensive training centers with regard to their participation and success six years later. Results of ANCOVAs showed that players who still practiced at time 2 (T2; six years later; n = 130) reported lower time 1 (T1; while they were involved in intensive training centers) amotivation (large effect), disengagement-oriented coping, sport devaluation and reduced accomplishment (moderate effects) than their counterparts who dropped out at T2 (n = 29)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Katherine J Harmon, Scott K Proescholdbell, Johna Register-Mihalik, David B Richardson, Anna E Waller, Stephen W Marshall
BACKGROUND: Sports and recreational activities are an important cause of injury among children and youth, with sports-related traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) being of particular concern given the developing brain. This paper reports the characteristics of sport and recreation-related (SR) emergency department (ED) visits among school-age children and youth in a statewide population. METHODS: This study included all injury-related visits made to all North Carolina 24/7 acute-care civilian hospital-affiliated EDs by school-age youth, 5-18 years of age, during 2010-2014 (N = 918,662)...
May 15, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
Marcella Burghard, Nynke B de Jong, Selina Vlieger, Tim Takken
Background: The Dutch Active Healthy Kids (AHK) Report Card+ (RC+ ) consolidates and translates research and assesses how the Netherlands is being responsible in providing physical activity (PA) opportunities for youth (< 18 years) with a chronic disease or disability. The aim of this article is to summarize the results of the Dutch RC+ . Methods: Nine indicators were graded using the AHK Global Alliance RC development process, which includes a synthesis of best available research, surveillance, policy and practice findings, and expert consensus...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Laura S Kox, P Paul F M Kuijer, Dagmar A J Thijssen, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Rick R van Rijn, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, Mario Maas
BACKGROUND: The benefits and risks of performing popular wrist-loading sports at a young age have not been investigated systematically. We aimed to evaluate positive and negative long-term wrist-related health effects of sports performance requiring repetitive wrist loading during youth. METHODS: Six databases were searched for cohort and cross-sectional studies. Three investigators selected studies evaluating quantitatively measured health effects of upper extremities in athletes practicing wrist-loading sports (gymnastics, tennis, volleyball, field hockey, rowing, and judo) for minimally 4 months before the age of 18...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Arnd Gebel, Melanie Lesinski, David G Behm, Urs Granacher
BACKGROUND: Effects and dose-response relationships of balance training on measures of balance are well-documented for healthy young and old adults. However, this has not been systematically studied in youth. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to quantify effects of balance training (BT) on measures of static and dynamic balance in healthy children and adolescents. Additionally, dose-response relations for BT modalities (e...
May 7, 2018: Sports Medicine
Kyonghwa Kang, Hyeongsu Kim, Ae Ran Park, Hee Young Kim, Kunsei Lee
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to identify the types of gambling among adolescents and provide basic prevention information regarding adolescents' gambling problems. METHODS: Secondary data from representative national survey on 2015 Youth Gambling Problems of Korea Center on Gambling Problems were used. Using latent class analysis (LCA), 13 gambling types such as offline and online games of 14,011 adolescents were classified, and gambling experiences and characteristics were analyzed...
April 2018: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Kyla Cordrey, Sarah A Keim, Ruth Milanaik, Andrew Adesman
BACKGROUND: Sports drinks are aggressively marketed to teenagers to replenish fluids and/or electrolytes. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, typical adolescent physical activity does not require sports drink rehydration. Given US obesity rates and that sugar-sweetened sports drinks add superfluous calories to the diet, it is important to assess adolescent sports drink consumption and changes over time. METHODS: Researchers in the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey and 2010 National Youth Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey collected nationally representative samples of US high school students about sports drink consumption...
May 7, 2018: Pediatrics
Olivier Gavarry, Gregory Lentin, Patrick Pezery, Anne Delextrat, Guillaume Chaumet, Alain Boussuges, Julien Piscione
BACKGROUND: In some sports such as rugby, a large body size is an advantage, and the desire to gain weight can bring young players to become overweight or obese. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of overweight and obesity and the contribution of body fat mass index (BFMI) and fat-free mass index (FFMI) to body mass index (BMI) changes among young male rugby players (15-a-side rugby). METHODS: The criteria of the International Obesity Task Force were used to define overweight and obesity from BMI...
May 2, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
Ajay S Padaki, Christopher S Ahmad
As participation in youth sports continues to increase across the nation, more adolescents are participating in Little League baseball in the United States than ever before. Accompanying this increased participation is an epidemic of upper extremity injuries in young throwers. In this Viewpoint, the authors discuss the impetus behind the youth thrower elbow injury epidemic and how to best evaluate these patients. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2018;48(5):354-357. doi:10.2519/jospt.2018.0607.
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
M Al-Thani, A Al-Thani, S Alyafei, M G Al-Kuwari, W Al-Chetachi, S E Khalifa, I Ibrahim, S Sayegh, B Vinodson, H Akram
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors among adolescents in Qatar by selected demographic characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A total of 5862 students (2938 boys and 2924 girls) in the age group 12-17 years were included in the analyses. PA and sedentary-related measures were obtained from the self-reported survey questions. RESULTS: Only 35...
April 25, 2018: Public Health
Oluwatoyosi B A Owoeye, J Preston Wiley, Richard E A Walker, Luz Palacios-Derflingher, Carolyn A Emery
Study Design Prospective diagnostic accuracy validation study. Background Engaging clinicians for diagnosis of patellar tendinopathy in large surveillance studies is often impracticable. A self-report measure, the Oslo Sports Research Trauma Centre patellar tendinopathy (OSTRC-P) Questionnaire, an adaptation of the OSTRC Questionnaire may provide a viable alternative. Objectives To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the OSTRC-P Questionnaire in detecting patellar tendinopathy in youth basketball players when compared to clinical evaluation...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
John Robert Evans, Rachel Wilson, Clare Coleman, Wing Young Nicola Man, Tim Olds
Sport and physical activity (PA) hold particular significance in Australian Indigenous communities, and have the potential to address many of the health and education challenges faced by Indigenous communities. Optimal levels of PA are an important foundation in efforts to build healthy communities and reduce social disadvantage experienced to date. Yet little evidence relating to the current levels of PA within these communities, or the relationship between PA and outcomes, has been available. Drawing on national survey data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, we examine levels of PA in the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey 2012-13...
April 17, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Je Yeong Sone, S Courtney-Kay Lamb, Kristina Techar, Vikalpa Dammavalam, Mohit Uppal, Cedric Williams, Thomas Bergman, David Tupper, Paul Ort, Uzma Samadani
OBJECTIVE Increased understanding of the consequences of traumatic brain injury has heightened concerns about youth participation in contact sports. This study investigated the prevalence of high school and collegiate contact sports play and concussion history among surgical department chairs. METHODS A cross-sectional survey was administered to 107 orthopedic and 74 neurosurgery chairs. Responses were compared to published historical population norms for contact sports (high school 27.74%, collegiate 1.44%), football (high school 10...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Balin Cupples, Donna O'Connor, Stephen Cobley
Contemporary models of athlete development (e.g., Development Model of Sport Participation) suggest attainment benefits from early age multi-sport "sampling" behaviour before progressive transition into "invested" single-sport involvement in teenage years compared to intensive early-age specialisation. However, specific examinations of these development patterns across a number of team sports and cultural contexts remains limited. This study involved a large sample of professional Australian Rugby League (RL) players (N = 224) who progressed along the RL system pathways...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Francesca Liu, Martyn Morris, Lisa Hicklen, Hooshang Izadi, Helen Dawes
Five to six percent of young people have movement impairment (MI) associated with reduced exercise tolerance and physical activity levels which persist into adulthood. To better understand the exercise experience in MI, we determined the physiological and perceptual responses during and following a bout of exercise performed at different intensities typically experienced during sport in youth with MI. Thirty-eight adolescents (11-18 years) categorised on the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-2 Short-Form performed a peak oxygen uptake bike test ([Formula: see text]) test at visit 1 (V1)...
2018: PloS One
Sanna Palomäki, Mirja Hirvensalo, Kylie Smith, Olli Raitakari, Satu Männistö, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Tuija Tammelin
Health behaviors in youth can predict the same behaviors later in life, but the role of sport participation in predicting healthy lifestyle habits is unclear. This study aimed to investigate the association between participation in organized youth sport and adult healthy lifestyle habits. Data from the longitudinal Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study (YFS) with a 28 year follow-up was used. The participation in sport-club training sessions was self-reported by 9-18-year olds in 1983 and 1986 (n=1285). During 2011, participants (aged 37-43-year old) reported their smoking status, alcohol consumption, fruit and vegetable consumption and physical activity...
April 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Deirdre M Harrington, Melanie J Davies, Danielle H Bodicoat, Joanna M Charles, Yogini V Chudasama, Trish Gorely, Kamlesh Khunti, Tatiana Plekhanova, Alex V Rowlands, Lauren B Sherar, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Thomas Yates, Charlotte L Edwardson
BACKGROUND: Globally, adolescent girls' physical activity (PA) levels are low. The 'Girls Active' secondary school-based programme, developed by the Youth Sport Trust, aims to increase PA in adolescent girls. This paper explores the effectiveness of the 'Girls Active' school-based PA programme. METHODS: A random sample of girls aged 11-14 from 20 secondary schools (Midlands, UK) participated in a two-arm cluster randomised controlled trial. Ten schools received Girls Active and 10 continued with usual practice...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Michael S Rathleff, Camilla R Rathleff, Sinead Holden, Kristian Thorborg, Jens L Olesen
Background: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is the most common knee condition among adolescents, with a prevalence of 6-7% resulting in reduced function and quality of life. Exercise therapy is recommended for treating PFP, but has only been tested in older adolescents (15-19 years). This pilot study aimed to investigate the adherence to, and clinical effects of, exercise and patient education in young adolescents (12-16 years), with PFP. Methods: Twenty adolescents (16 females) with PFP were recruited from a population-based cohort to undergo a 3-month multimodal intervention...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
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