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Youth sport

Frédéric N Brière, Gabrielle Yale-Soulière, Daniela Gonzalez-Sicilia, Marie-Josée Harbec, Julien Morizot, Michel Janosz, Linda S Pagani
BACKGROUND: Engaging in sport has been suggested to be mitigate against psychological distress. Using a prospective-longitudinal design, we examine whether sport participation is associated with reduced psychological difficulties in adolescents and whether associations differ by sport and personal characteristics. METHODS: 17 550 adolescents from grade 7 to 10 (mean age=14.4 years old) self-reported on sport participation, depressive symptoms, social anxiety symptoms and loneliness in Spring 2007 and 1 year later...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Martin K Erikstad, Rune Høigaard, Bjørn Tore Johansen, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Tommy Haugen
Childhood sport participation is argued to be important to understand differences in self-regulation and performance level in adolescence. This study sought to investigate if football-specific activities in childhood (6-12 years of age) is related to self-regulatory skills and national under 14- and 15-team selection in Norwegian elite youth football. Data of practice histories and self-regulatory skills of 515 youth football players selected at Norwegian regional level were collected and further analysed using multilevel analyses...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Roland Sieghartsleitner, Claudia Zuber, Marc Zibung, Achim Conzelmann
Characteristics of learning activities in early sport participation play a key role in the development of the sporting talent. Therefore, pathways of specialisation or diversification/sampling are as well debated as the implementation of practice- or play-oriented activities. The related issues are currently perceived as a two-dimensional construct of domain specificity and performance orientation . In this context, it has been shown that early specialisation, with experiences in practice and play, has led to Swiss junior national team football players reaching higher success levels as adults...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Alexander J Adams, Nakul S Talathi, Jigar S Gandhi, Neeraj M Patel, Theodore J Ganley
Fractures of the tibial spine are estimated to occur in 3 per 100,000 children annually, but account for 2 to 5% of pediatric knee injuries with effusion. Although these fractures were historically associated with bicycle accidents, the surge of organized youth sports in recent decades has brought renewed attention to this injury. While minimally displaced fractures can be treated nonoperatively, several techniques have been described for fixation of displaced or comminuted fractures. Sequelae of this injury can include arthrofibrosis, knee instability, and nonunion...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
Peter D Fabricant, Joash R Suryavanshi, Jacob G Calcei, Robert G Marx, Roger F Widmann, Daniel W Green
BACKGROUND: Recent data have shown an increase in youth sports participation at younger ages, which may be linked to greater musculoskeletal injury risk. The Hospital for Special Surgery Pediatric Functional Activity Brief Scale (HSS Pedi-FABS) is a validated 8-item instrument designed to quantify the activity of children between 10 and 18 years old. Normative data on pediatric and adolescent activity level are unknown. PURPOSE: To establish normative activity-level data for American youth and to determine if there is a natural decrease in activity level during adolescence...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Ryan N Moran, Tracey Covassin, R J Elbin, Dan Gould, Sally Nogle
BACKGROUND: The Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS) measure is a newly developed vestibular and ocular motor symptom provocation screening tool for sport-related concussions. Baseline data, psychometric properties, and reliability of the VOMS are needed to further understand the applications of this tool, especially in the youth population, where research is scarce. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to establish normative data and document the internal consistency and false-positive rate of the VOMS in a sample of nonconcussed youth athletes...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Philip E Kearney, Philip R Hayes, Alan Nevill
The relative age effect (RAE) is a common phenomenon in youth sport, whereby children born early in the selection year are more likely to experience success and to sustain participation. There is a lack of research investigating variables which influence RAEs within track and field athletics. Such information is vital to guide policies in relation to competition structure, youth development squads and coach education. A database of competition results was analysed to determine the extent to which RAEs were present in track and field athletics in the United Kingdom...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Andrew T Pennock, Jerry Dwek, Emily Levy, Philip Stearns, John Manning, M Morgan Dennis, Amanda Davis-Juarez, Tracey Bastrom, Kenneth S Taylor
Background: Youth baseball is extremely popular in the United States, but it has been associated with shoulder pain and injury. The incidence of shoulder abnormalities in this athletic population has yet to be defined. Purpose: To examine abnormalities noted on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the shoulders of asymptomatic Little League baseball players and to correlate these findings with the players' throwing history and physical examinations. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Glenn S Fleisig
Research has shown relations between amount of baseball pitching and overuse injuries, as well as between poor mechanics and high loads on the elbow and shoulder. However, overuse injuries continue to be a problem from youth to professional sports. Emerging wearable technology may enable players, parents, coaches, leagues, and clinicians to monitor biomechanics during competition and training, reducing the risk of serious injury.
March 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Catherine M Pound, Becky Blair
Sports drinks and caffeinated energy drinks (CEDs) are commonly consumed by youth. Both sports drinks and CEDs pose potential risks for the health of children and adolescents and may contribute to obesity. Sports drinks are generally unnecessary for children engaged in routine or play-based physical activity. CEDs may affect children and adolescents more than adults because they weigh less and thus experience greater exposure to stimulant ingredients per kilogram of body weight. Paediatricians need to recognize and educate patients and families on the differences between sport drinks and CEDs...
October 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Nicholas N DePhillipo, Mark E Cinque, Nicholas I Kennedy, Jorge Chahla, Gilbert Moatshe, Robert F LaPrade
Background and Purpose: Early sport specialization (ESS) refers to intense training year round in a specific sport starting at a young age with no or limited participation in other sports. This approach to training is highly controversial; recent literature suggests that this type of specialized training could be a contributing source to overuse injuries in youth athletes. The purpose of this case report was to describe a patellofemoral articular cartilage defect of the knee in a preadolescent skier due to overuse and repetitive microtrauma as a result of ESS...
February 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Eric G Post, Stephanie M Trigsted, Daniel A Schaefer, Lisa A Cadmus-Bertram, Andrew M Watson, Timothy A McGuine, M Alison Brooks, David R Bell
Overuse injuries in youth athletes are becoming increasingly common which may be a result of the prevalence of year-round specialized sport participation. Previous research has identified sport volume recommendations related to months per year, hours per week, and simultaneous participation in multiple sports leagues. Coaches are a primary influence on a youth athlete's decision to specialize in a single sport. Therefore, identifying coaches' baseline beliefs and perceptions is important for developing strategies to educate coaches about safe sport participation...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Suzanne Robinson, Jessica L Fraser-Thomas, Robert Balogh, Yona Lunsky, Jonathan A Weiss
It is important to understand factors associated with sport participation for youth with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). With a sample of 414 Special Olympics (SO) athletes, this study examined how frequently involved athletes differ from other youth who are less involved in SO. Results showed that frequently involved athletes are older, have more sport-specific parental support, stronger athlete-coach relationships, and more positive SO experiences than other athletes. These factors were predictive of SO involvement, even after controlling for athlete characteristics, including behavior problems and adaptive behavior...
March 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Isabelle Hardy, Steven R McFaull, Marianne Beaudin, Dickens St-Vil, Élizabeth Rousseau
Introduction: Cheerleading has gradually become more popular in Canada and represents an accessible way for youth to be physically active. Objective: To determine the differences in the injuries encountered by cheerleaders according to their age, in order to propose safety guidelines that take into account the developmental stages of children. Method: Retrospective database review of cheerleading injuries extracted from the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) database between 1990 and 2010...
June 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Tara-Leigh F McHugh, Colin J Deal, Clara-Jane Blye, Ariel J Dimler, Elizabeth A Halpenny, Allison Sivak, Nicholas L Holt
Participation in sport and recreation may contribute to various holistic benefits among Indigenous youth in Canada. However, there is a need for a consolidated evidence base to support the development of sport and recreation opportunities that could facilitate such holistic benefits. The purpose of this research was to produce a meta-study of qualitative research examining sport and recreation experiences of Indigenous youth in Canada. Following record identification and screening, 20 articles were retained for analysis and synthesis...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Benjamin L Brett, Andrew W Kuhn, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Gary S Solomon, Scott L Zuckerman
Objective: The empirical identification of risk factors associated with sport-related concussion (SRC) may improve the management of student-athletes. The current study attempted to identify and quantify bio-cognitive risk factors associated with sustaining a SRC. Methods: Cross-sectional ambispective study; level of evidence, 3. Neurocognitive testing of 12,320 middle school, high school and collegiate athletes was completed at preseason baseline and post-SRC. Univariate and multivariable logistic regressions were used to determine which pre-injury variables accurately predicted the occurrence of SRC...
February 17, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Cristian Álvarez, Antonio García-Hermoso, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Paulo Gentil, Abbas Asadi, Helmi Chaabene, Jason Moran, Cesar Meylan, Antonio García-de-Alcaraz, Javier Sanchez-Sanchez, Fabio Y Nakamura, Urs Granacher, William Kraemer, Mikel Izquierdo
Recently, there has been a proliferation of published articles on the effect of plyometric jump training, including several review articles and meta-analyses. However, these types of research articles are generally of narrow scope. Furthermore, methodological limitations among studies (e.g., a lack of active/passive control groups) prevent the generalization of results, and these factors need to be addressed by researchers. On that basis, the aims of this scoping review were to (1) characterize the main elements of plyometric jump training studies (e...
February 22, 2018: Sports Medicine
Julian D Egan-Shuttler, Rohan Edmonds, Stephen J Ives
(248 words)Heart rate (HR) variability (HRV) is a reliable indicator of cardiac parasympathetic activity and has been used in athletic populations to measure training adaptations. To date, there is limited research showing whether HRV is practical in youth female athletes and rowers during short periods of overload training. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the practicality of HRV in documenting training responses during a period of overload training in youth female rowers...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Angelina Pilatti, Jennifer P Read
AIMS: The present study was divided into two different stages that sought to develop (Stage 1) and validate (Stage 2) the Argentinean-version of the Pregaming Motives Questionnaire (PMQ-Arg), a new, ecologically valid measure to assess pregaming (i.e., the consumption of alcohol prior to attending a social/sporting event where alcohol may or may not be available) motives among Spanish-speaking youth. METHOD: Two separate samples of Argentinian young adults (all last-year pregamers) were recruited by disseminating an invitation through online social networks and e-mail listings...
January 31, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Daniel Hamacher, Tobias Krebs, Guido Meyer, Astrid Zech
During competition, kayak athletes must optimally adapt to environmental factors (e.g. wind, waves) to achieve peak performance. However, the ability to adapt to such perturbations has never been assessed in kayak paddling. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to evaluate the local dynamic stability in sports technique of youth sprint kayak athletes. In a cross-sectional study, 14 healthy male athletes were recruited from an elite youth sprint kayak squad. During an incremental kayak ergometer test, mean power, heart rates and local dynamic technique stability of hands, arms, trunk and paddle were registered and the association with the athletes 2000 m free-water times were estimated using mixed models...
February 15, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
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