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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540345/barriers-and-facilitators-to-intake-of-dairy-products-in-adolescent-males-and-females-with-different-levels-of-habitual-intake
#1
Megan Racey, Jeanette Bransfield, Kathryn Capello, David Field, Verena Kulak, David Machmueller, Michèle Preyde, Genevieve Newton
Background: Dairy products and alternatives can contribute to overall good health including positive body composition and decreased adiposity; however, these foods are grossly underconsumed by youth, and worldwide, almost 25% of children are overweight or obese. Objective: The study investigated the barriers and facilitators toward dairy consumption by Grade 7 youth. Methods: Thirty 50-minute, audio-recorded focus groups were conducted with 134 students in eight Grade 7 classes across 5 elementary schools. Focus groups were led by trained facilitators in the elementary schools and participants were separated based on dairy consumption and gender...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526393/energy-drink-consumption-and-marketing-in-south-africa
#2
Nicholas Stacey, Corné van Walbeek, Mashekwa Maboshe, Aviva Tugendhaft, Karen Hofman
Energy drinks are a fast-growing class of beverage containing high levels of caffeine and sugar. Advertising and marketing have been key to their growth in South Africa. This paper documents trends in energy drink consumption and energy drink advertising, and examines the relationship between exposure to energy drink advertising and consumption. Logistic regressions were estimated of categories of energy drink consumption on individual characteristics, as well as exposure to energy drink advertising. Exposure to advertising is measured by reported viewing of channels high in energy drink advertising...
May 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523517/body-size-of-male-youth-soccer-players-1978-2015
#3
REVIEW
Robert M Malina, António J Figueiredo, Manuel J Coelho-E-Silva
BACKGROUND: Studies of the body size and proportions of athletes have a long history. Comparisons of athletes within specific sports across time, though not extensive, indicate both positive and negative trends. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate secular variation in heights and weights of male youth soccer players reported in studies between 1978 and 2015. METHODS: Reported mean ages, heights, and weights of male soccer players 9-18 years of age were extracted from the literature and grouped into two intervals: 1978-99 and 2000-15...
May 18, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514922/effects-of-youth-participation-in-extra-curricular-sport-programs-on-perceived-self-efficacy-a-multilevel-analysis
#4
Riller S Reverdito, Humberto M Carvalho, Larissa R Galatti, Alcides J Scaglia, Carlos E Gonçalves, Roberto R Paes
The present study examined extracurricular sport participation variables and developmental context in relationship to perceived self-efficacy among underserved adolescents. Participants ( n = 821, 13.6 ± 1.5 years) completed the Youth Experience in Sport questionnaire and General Self-Efficacy Scale. We used the Human Development Index (HDI) to characterize developmental contexts. Multilevel regression models were used to explore the relative contributions of age, sex, years of participation in extracurricular sport, HDI, and perceived positive experience in sport...
June 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506094/a-preliminary-study-of-youth-sport-concussions-parents-health-literacy-and-knowledge-of-return-to-play-protocol-criteria
#5
Robert W Turner, Jeffery W Lucas, Lewis H Margolis, Brian N Corwell
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To preliminarily explore parents' health literacy and knowledge of youth sport league rules involving concussion education and training, and return-to-play protocols. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was guided by the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) model of health knowledge to examine parents' concussion literacy, and understanding of concussion education and training, and return-to-play protocols in youth sports. The mixed-method design involved 119 participants; that included in-person (n=8) and telephone (n=4) interviews, and web-based surveys administered through Mechanical Turk via Qualtrics (n=98)...
May 16, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498229/not-missing-the-future-a-call-to-action-for-investigating-the-role-of-regenerative-medicine-therapies-in-pediatric-adolescent-sports-injuries
#6
Thomas M Best, Arnold Caplan, Michael Coleman, Laurie Goodrich, Jason Hurd, Lee D Kaplan, Ben Noonan, Philip Schoettle, Christopher Scott, Henry Stiene, Johnny Huard
In August 2016, a group including sport medicine clinicians, researchers, and a bioethicist met in Vail, Colorado to discuss regenerative medicine and its potential role in youth sports injuries. There was consensus that a call to action is urgently needed to understand the current evidence base, the risks and rewards, and future directions of research and clinical practice for regenerative medicine therapies in youth sports. We present here a summary of our meeting, which was supported by the National Youth Sports Health and Safety Institute (NYSHSI), a partnership between the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and Sanford Health...
May 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495667/fifteen-minute-consultation-in-the-normal-child-challenges-relating-to-sexuality-and-gender-identity-in-children-and-young-people
#7
Thomas O'Neill, Justin Wakefield
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT+) young people face several challenges in their daily lives, including specific healthcare inequalities. Negative societal attitudes towards sexual and gender minorities, and the effects of regular experiences of bullying and homophobia/transphobia exacerbate the normal trials and tribulations of childhood and adolescence. Barriers to accessing healthy activities, such as sport, are created by perceived stigma and real-life experiences. Healthcare environments are by default heteronormative and contribute to the isolation and exclusion of LGBT+ young people...
May 11, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493064/evidence-based-prerequisites-and-precursors-of-athletic-talent-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Vladimir B Issurin
Extensive findings related to nature and nurture in determining athletic talent (AT) have been reviewed. Available data demonstrate the important contribution of hereditary factors as well as the crucial importance of environmental prerequisites for identifying and developing AT. Recent publications provide examples of contemporary approaches intended to solve the problem of how to discover and nurture AT. A number of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies highlighted possibilities of revealing a predisposition to certain sports among youthful prospects, but were unable to predict attainment of world-class status...
May 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491048/both-the-what-and-why-of-youth-sports-participation-matter-a-conditional-process-analysis
#9
Siv Gjesdal, Paul R Appleton, Yngvar Ommundsen
This study builds on previous research combining achievement goal orientation from Achievement Goal Theory and motivational regulation from Self-Determination Theory. The aim was to assess the combination of the "what" and "why" of youth sport activity, and how it relates to the need for competence and self-esteem. Achievement goal orientation, specifically task and ego, was employed to represent the "what", whilst intrinsic and external regulation reflected the "why". Based on a sample of 496 youth sports participants, structural equation modeling with a bootstrapping procedure was used to examine whether the indirect relationship between achievement goal orientation and self-esteem was conditional to motivational regulation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490228/concussion-mechanisms-and-activities-in-youth-high-school-and-college-football
#10
Robert C Lynall, Kody R Campbell, Erin B Wasserman, Thomas P Dompier, Zack Kerr
Our purpose was to determine concussion mechanism and activity differences between 3 cohorts of football players; youth, high school, and college. Participants in this prospective cohort study included youth (ages 5-14, 118 teams, 310 team-seasons), high school (96 teams, 184 team-seasons), and college (34 teams, 71 team-seasons) football players. Athletic trainers collected athlete-exposure (AE) and concussion data during the 2012-2014 seasons. Injury mechanism referred to the object that made contact with the concussed player, resulting in the concussion...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478963/shoulder-and-elbow-pain-in-elementary-school-baseball-players-the%C3%A2-results-from-a-nation-wide-survey-in-japan
#11
Kenji Takagishi, Tetsuya Matsuura, Takashi Masatomi, Etsuo Chosa, Tsuyoshi Tajika, Mikihiko Watanabe, Tetsu Iwama, Toshiro Otani, Katsunori Inagaki, Hiroyasu Ikegami, Mitsuhiro Aoki, Ko Kato, Toru Okuwaki, Koichi Sairyo, Yasushi Kameyama, Akira Maeda, Moroe Beppu
BACKGROUND: Despite recommendations on how to prevent baseball injuries in youths by the Japanese Society of Clinical Sports Medicine, shoulder and elbow pain still frequently occurs in young baseball players. We conducted a questionnaire survey among baseball players at elementary schools across the country to understand the practice conditions of players, examining the risk factors of shoulder and elbow pain in baseball players. METHODS: The questionnaire survey was conducted among elementary school baseball players as members of the Baseball Federation of Japan in September 2015...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475400/trends-in-sports-related-concussion-diagnoses-in-the-usa-a-population-based-analysis-using-a-private-payor-database
#12
Kelms Amoo-Achampong, Samuel Rosas, Nicholas Schmoke, Yves-Dany Accilien, Benedict U Nwachukwu, Frank McCormick
OBJECTIVE: To describe recent epidemiological trends in concussion diagnosis within the United States (US) population. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of PearlDiver, a private-payor insurance database. Our search included International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision codes for sports-related concussions spanning 2010 through 2014. Overall study population included patients aged 5 to 39 with subgroup analysis performed on Cohort A (Youth), children and adolescents aged 5 to 19, and Cohort B (Adults), adults aged 20 to 39...
May 17, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471205/-everolimus-in-daily-clinical-practice-focusing-to-oral-mucosa-damage-issues-single-oncology-centre-experience-within-the-course-of-the-year-2016
#13
S Vokurka, M Votavová, V Arnetová, H Korunková, T Svoboda, J Kulhánková, K Kališová, V M Matějka, O Fiala, J Fínek
BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis, mTOR associated stomatitis, is a major complication in everolimus (EVE) treatment with an incidence of 44-64%. The management of it in the daily practice has not been described enough, so far. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients treated with EVE in 2016 at our center, n = 42 patients (69% female), median age 66 (37-81) years, breast cancer in 20 (48%) and renal cell carcinoma in 22 (52%), starting EVE dose of 10mg/day in 34 (81%) and 5mg/day in 8 (19%) patients...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471203/-ascites-may-provide-useful-information-for-diagnosis-of-ovarian-cancer
#14
E Stuchlíková, M Zahradníková, R Nenutil, D Valík, B Vojtěšek, M Novotný, L Hernychova
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecological cancer, almost 80% of all patients succumb the disease within 5 years of diagnosis. High mortality is caused especially by nonspecific symptoms, diagnosis in late stages and the absence of a specific biomarker. Currently, the most common diagnostic biomarkers are the membrane glycoprotein Cancer Antigen 125 (CA 125), the Human Epididymal Protein 4 (HE4) and the Carcinoembryonic Antigen (CAE). None of these biomarkers is specific only for ovarian cancer and increased levels may be caused by other diseases...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471202/-use-of-porous-hydrogel-as-a-3d-scaffold-for-the-growth-of-leukemic-b-lymphocytes
#15
R Studená, D Horák, J Baloun, Z Plichta, Š Pospíšilová
BACKGROUND: Primary human B cells chronic lymphocytic leukemia undergoes apoptosis, from which they can be rescued by contact with stromal cells or by the addition of specific soluble factor, when cultured in vitro. For research purposes of the behavior of CLL cells we created 3D in vitro model in which we simulated appropriate microenvironment for CLL cells to allow study the mechanism of survival of these cells in long-term cultivation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our aim was the scaffold structure to be geometrically similar to the 3D morphology of supporting bone marrow tissue in a trabecular bone; the 3D scaffold was also designed to conform to biocompatibility, sufficiently large surface area for cell attachment, high porosity for cell migration, proliferation and transport of nutrients...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462072/organized-sport-and-physical-activity-participation-and-body-mass-index-in-children-and-youth-a-longitudinal-study
#16
John Cairney, Scott Veldhuizen
The relationship between sport participation and BMI in children and adolescents is unclear, with some studies showing no association at all and others suggesting that sport is linked to lower BMI. Another possibility, however, is that this relationship is bidirectional, with sport leading to lower BMI but BMI also influencing sport participation. Here, we examine the direction of this association by analyzing a longitudinal dataset. Data come from the Physical Health Activity Study Team (PHAST) study, a prospective open cohort study including 2278 children at baseline, followed from 2004 to 2010...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451609/the-pediatric-adolescent-shoulder-survey-pass-a-reliable-youth-questionnaire-with-discriminant-validity-and-responsiveness-to-change
#17
Eric W Edmonds, Tracey P Bastrom, Joanna H Roocroft, Valerie A Calandra-Young, Andrew T Pennock
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life tools for shoulder pathology in adults have been developed, such as the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) or QuickDASH. However, some content is not applicable to or readily grasped by a younger population. PURPOSE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of a new 13-item pediatric/adolescent shoulder survey (PASS). STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: An initial development cohort of children was given the PASS, QuickDASH, and single assessment numeric evaluation (SANE) in a prospective fashion...
March 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447880/resistance-training-in-youth-laying-the-foundation-for-injury-prevention-and-physical-literacy
#18
Christin Zwolski, Catherine Quatman-Yates, Mark V Paterno
CONTEXT: The rising incidence of physical activity- and sports-related injuries has prompted the present-day investigation of resistance training as a potential means of injury prevention and physical literacy development among youth. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Relevant studies on the topics of athlete development, physical literacy, resistance training, and injury prevention in children and adolescents were reviewed (PubMed and Sports Discus, 1982-2016). Recommendations from consensus guidelines and position statements applicable to resistance training and injury prevention in youth, in addition to young athlete development, were reviewed...
April 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430552/the-inter-association-task-force-document-on-emergency-health-and-safety-best-practice-recommendations-for-youth-sports-leagues
#19
Robert A Huggins, Samantha E Scarneo, Douglas J Casa, Luke N Belval, Kate S Carr, George Chiampas, Michael Clayton, Ryan M Curtis, A J Duffy, Alexandra Flury, Matthew Gammons, Yuri Hosokawa, John F Jardine, Cynthia R LaBella, Rachael Oats, Jack W Ransone, Scott R Sailor, Katie Scott, Rebecca L Stearns, Lesley W Vandermark, Timothy Weston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429636/differences-in-game-reading-between-selected-and-non-selected-youth-soccer-players
#20
Ruud J R Den Hartigh, Steffie Van Der Steen, Bas Hakvoort, Wouter G P Frencken, Koen A P M Lemmink
Applying an established theory of cognitive development-Skill Theory-the current study compares the game-reading skills of youth players selected for a soccer school of a professional soccer club (n = 49) and their non-selected peers (n = 38). Participants described the actions taking place in videos of soccer game plays, and their verbalisations were coded using Skill Theory. Compared to the non-selected players, the selected players generally demonstrated higher levels of complexity in their game-reading, and structured the information of game elements-primarily the player, teammate and field-at higher complexity levels...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
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