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Peritoneal tuberculosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776936/ethambutol-and-isoniazid-induced-severe-neurotoxicity-in-a-patient-undergoing-continuous-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis
#1
Meijun Si, Huiqun Li, Yanru Chen, Hui Peng
Ethambutol (EMB) and isoniazid (INH) are the first-line antituberculosis (anti-TB) drugs. However, their neurotoxicity could cause adverse effect and the patients with end-stage renal disease are especially vulnerable due to the reduction in renal drug clearance. Here, we report a 36-year-old man receiving peritoneal dialysis developed progressive paralysis in lower extremities, vision loss and hoarseness 4 months after anti-TB treatment with INH, EMB and rifapentine because of concomitant pulmonary tuberculosis...
May 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773765/a-comprehensive-review-on-primary-gallbladder-tuberculosis
#2
Ashish Gupta, Amit Gupta, Rohik Anjum, Saumya Agrawal, Dhiraj Mallik
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that can affect any organ system of the body. Abdominal TB can be gastrointestinal, lymph nodal, visceral or peritoneal. The gallbladder (GB) is rarely involved in abdominal TB as a primary organ. Extensive research literature on gallbladder TB is limited to case reports. There has been no review on this rare abdominal pathology. GB tuberculosis is a difficult diagnosis preoperatively. It is a rare differential among the more common gallbladder pathologies such as cholelithiasis, or a gallbladder malignancy...
April 30, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756504/tuberculous-peritonitis-and-pleurisy-accompanied-by-pulmonary-cryptococcosis-a-case-report
#3
Jian-Kun Chen, Shu-Bin Cai, Qian Cai, Hang Qi, Ji-Qiang Li
Although the infectious diseases tuberculosis (TB) and cryptococcosis both cause formation of single or multiple nodules in immunodeficient hosts, cases of co-infection of these diseases are rarely seen. We report a patient who was co-infected with TB and cryptococcosis. A male patient with no clinical evidence of immunodeficiency presented with a 3-week history of abdominal distension accompanied by oedema of recurring lower extremities. The patient was diagnosed with tuberculous peritonitis and tuberculous pleurisy by an abdominal puncture biopsy...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742855/abdominal-sarcoidosis-mimicking-peritoneal-carcinomatosis
#4
Won Seok Roh, Seungho Lee, Ji Hyun Park, Jeonghyun Kang
We present a patient diagnosed with skin sarcoidosis, breast cancer, pulmonary tuberculosis, and peritoneal sarcoidosis with a past history of colorectal cancer. During stage work up for breast cancer, suspicious lesions on peritoneum were observed in imaging studies. Considering our patient's history and imaging findings, we initially suspected peritoneal carcinomatosis. However, the peritoneal lesion was diagnosed as sarcoidosis in laparoscopic biopsy. This case demonstrates that abdominal sarcoidosis might be considered as a differential diagnosis when there is a lesion suspected of being peritoneal carcinomatosis with nontypical clinical presentations...
April 2018: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736664/tuberculosis-mimicking-disseminated-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-of-a-sigmoid-carcinoma
#5
Tim Fahlbusch, Beat Künzli, Renate Schlottmann, Andrea Tannapfel, Waldemar Uhl, Chris Braumann
BACKGROUND: A 76-year-old Moroccan patient with a medical history of sigmoid carcinoma suffered from weight loss of 15 kg and abdominal pain. Laparoscopy showed disseminated miliary peritoneal lesions, prima vista suspicious for disseminated peritoneal cancer spread. METHODS: Patient's medical history was reprocessed and compared to recent literature via PubMed. RESULTS: Pathological evaluation revealed granulomas and an infection with miliary intraabdominal tuberculosis (TB) was proven...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714445/pooled-analysis-of-163-published-tuberculous-peritonitis-cases-from-turkey
#6
Bedia Mutay Suntur, Ferit Kuşçu
Background/aim: Tuberculous peritonitis may be difficult to diagnose due to its insidious and variable clinical manifestations as well as characteristics similar to malignancy. In this study, case reports from Turkey over the last 10 years were reviewed systematically using pooled analysis. Materials and methods: Thirty-four suitable articles were found and 163 tuberculous peritonitis cases were included in the study. Results: The mean age was 34.1 years (17–79 years), and 146 (98.6%) of the patients were female and 17 (10...
April 30, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680232/laparoscopic-diagnosis-of-peritoneal-tuberculosis
#7
Sharda Arvind, Shweta Raje, Gayatri Rao, Latika Chawla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675476/peritoneal-tuberculosis-after-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-prostatectomy-with-extended-lymph-node-dissection
#8
Suruga Saito, Katsuhiro Ito, Keiyu Matsumoto, Motofumi Tajima, Takayuki Goto, Haruki Ito, Yumi Manabe, Mutsuki Mishina, Hiroshi Okuno
Background: Peritoneal tuberculosis (TB) is a relatively uncommon presentation of extrapulmonary TB. Early diagnosis of peritoneal TB is difficult because of its nonspecific clinical manifestation such as abdominal pain, fever, or ascites. Especially early after surgery of abdomen or pelvis, these symptoms can be misdiagnosed as septic peritonitis. There are few reports of peritoneal TB as a postoperative complication of laparoscopic surgery. Here, we describe a first case of peritoneal TB after robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) with extended lymph node dissection...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669785/-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-ppe18-protein-reduces-inflammation-and-increases-survival-in-animal-model-of-sepsis
#9
Asma Ahmed, Komal Dolasia, Sangita Mukhopadhyay
Mycobacterium tuberculosis PPE18 is a member of the PPE family. Previous studies have shown that recombinant PPE18 (rPPE18) protein binds to TLR2 and triggers a signaling cascade which reduces levels of TNF-α and IL-12, and increases IL-10 in macrophages. Because TNF-α is a major mediator of the pathophysiology of sepsis and blocking inflammation is a possible line of therapy in such circumstances, we tested the efficacy of rPPE18 in reducing symptoms of sepsis in a mouse model of Escherichia coli- induced septic peritonitis...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665974/reactivation-of-peritoneal-and-pleural-tuberculosis-during-hepatitis-c-treatment-with-direct-acting-antivirals
#10
Marc Pedrosa, Sara Nogales, Mercedes Vergara, Mireia Miquel, Meritxell Casas, Blai Dalmau, Bernat Font, Jordi Sánchez-Delgado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2018: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661461/urgent-living-donor-liver-transplantation-in-a-patient-with-concurrent-active-tuberculosis-a-case-report
#11
B-H Jung, J-I Park, S-G Lee
BACKGROUND: Although active tuberculosis (TB) is considered a contraindication for liver transplantation (LT), this is the only treatment in patients with liver failure and concurrent active TB. We report a case with successful urgent living-donor LT for irreversible liver failure in the presence of active TB. CASE PRESENTATION: A 48-year-old man, with a history of decompensated alcoholic liver cirrhosis, was presented with stupor. At admission, his consciousness had deteriorated to semi-coma, and his renal function also rapidly deteriorated to hepatorenal syndrome...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658082/effect-of-oxidized-dextran-on-cytokine-production-and-activation-of-irf3-transcription-factor-in-macrophages-from-mice-of-opposite-strains-with-different-sensitivity-to-tuberculosis-infection
#12
A V Chechushkov, P M Kozhin, N S Zaitseva, P I Gainutdinov, E B Men'shchikova, A V Troitskii, V A Shkurupy
We studied differences in the production of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and IRF3 transcription factor by peritoneal macrophages from mice of opposite strains CBA/J and C57Bl/6 and the effect of 60-kDa oxidized dextran on these parameters. Macrophages from C57Bl/6 mice were mainly characterized by the production of proinflammatory cytokines TNFα, IL-12, and MCP-1 (markers of M1 polarization). By contrast, CBA/J mice exhibited a relatively high level of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 and lower expression of proinflammatory cytokines (M2 phenotype)...
April 2018: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628730/squamous-cell-carcinoma-arising-in-mature-teratoma-of-the-ovary-masquerading-as-abdominal-tuberculosis
#13
Shreeya Taresh Indulkar, Manisha S Khare, Vinaya B Shah, Archana L Khade
Pure squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the ovary is rare. SCC can arise in a mature teratoma (MT), ovarian endometriosis or in a Brenner tumor. SCC is the most common malignant transformation arising in MT and comprises 80% of all cases. Such neoplastic transformations are extremely difficult either to predict or detect early. The mechanism of malignant transformation has not been completely understood. Due to the rarity and the aggressive course, diagnosis and treatment constitute a big challenge. We report a case of SCC arising in MT presenting with a huge abdominopelvic mass and abundant peritoneal collections clinically masquerading as abdominal tuberculosis...
January 2018: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602067/the-use-of-computed-tomography-in-the-diagnosis-of-abdominal-cocoon
#14
Ujjwal Gorsi, Pankaj Gupta, Harshal S Mandavdhare, Harjeet Singh, Usha Dutta, Vishal Sharma
BACKGROUND: Literature on the diagnosis of abdominal cocoon using computed tomography (CT) outside the setting of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis is sparse. METHODS: We did a retrospective analysis of contrast enhanced CT done for patients treated for abdominal cocoon. The clinical features, radiological findings, underlying etiology and outcomes were recorded. RESULTS: Of the 22 patients analyzed, 19 had tuberculosis, 2 had malignancy and 1 was idiopathic...
March 26, 2018: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595672/a-case-report-of-a-man-on-peritoneal-dialysis-having-intractable-hyponatremia
#15
Xu-Jie Zhou, Ying Yang, Tao Su, Jie Dong
RATIONALE: Hyponatremia is one of the most common electrolyte disorders in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). It can be associated with severe consequences, higher morbidity and mortality. Therefore, hyponatremia should be assessed and monitored more carefully in these patients. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 55-year-old male PD patient progressively developed intractable hyponatremia was admitted to our hospital. DIAGNOSES: The observation that no significant salt was lost in kidney and PD drainage prompted us to seek the underlying reasons for malnutrition and chronic inflammation...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593920/a-case-report-of-peritoneal-tuberculosis-a-challenging-diagnosis
#16
Dilara Bulut Gökten, Bilal Katipoglu, Ekrem Basara, Ihsan Ates, Nisbet Yılmaz
Peritoneal tuberculosis is a disease which can mimick malignancy especially in women who present with ascites and elevated CA125 levels. It should always be considered in differential diagnosis, but the diagnosis is rarely easy for clinicians. A young female patient who presented with abdomen tenderness and diagnosed with peritoneal tuberculosis as a result of performed tests is discussed hereby in the case report. We expect that this case report adds to the existing literature on this subject.
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562641/estimating-the-burden-of-serious-fungal-infections-in-uruguay
#17
Marina Macedo-Viñas, David W Denning
We aimed to estimate for the first time the burden of fungal infections in Uruguay. Data on population characteristics and underlying conditions were extracted from the National Statistics Institute, the World Bank, national registries, and published articles. When no data existed, risk populations were used to estimate frequencies extrapolating from the literature. Population structure (inhabitants): total 3,444,006; 73% adults; 35% women younger than 50 years. Size of populations at risk (total cases per year): HIV infected 12,000; acute myeloid leukemia 126; hematopoietic stem cell transplantation 30; solid organ transplants 134; COPD 272,006; asthma in adults 223,431; cystic fibrosis in adults 48; tuberculosis 613; lung cancer 1400...
March 18, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558895/fitz-hugh-curtis-syndrome-associated-with-tuberculous-salpingitis-and-peritonitis-a-case-presentation-and-review-of-literature
#18
Laura Coremans, Frederik de Clerck
BACKGROUND: Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome or acute perihepatitis is considered a rare complication of pelvic inflammatory disease, mostly associated with chlamydial or gonococcal salpingitis. Peritoneal tuberculosis is a rare site of extra-pulmonary infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Infection usually occurs after reactivation of latent tuberculous foci in the peritoneum and more seldom after contiguous spread from tuberculous salpingitis. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of a 21-year old female of Somalian origin diagnosed with Fitz-Hugh Curtis syndrome associated with tuberculous salpingitis and peritonitis, presenting with new onset ascites...
March 20, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516894/pneumoperitoneum-during-treatment-of-abdominal-tuberculosis-in-a-non-hiv-patient-natural-progression-or-paradoxical-worsening
#19
Shuwei Zheng, Humaira Shafi
Paradoxical reactions during tuberculosis (TB) treatment are well-described in the HIV seropositive population but less so in the HIV seronegative group. Abdominal TB rarely presents as spontaneous perforation; cases occurring during anti-TB therapy are even rarer. We describe the clinical progress of a case of an HIV-negative patient who developed acute peritonitis while on anti-TB treatment for peritoneal TB through a series of clinical, radiological and histological images. Visceral perforation can occur as a complication of TB treatment...
January 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502894/-thoracic-endometriosis-complicated-with-pneumopericard-and-iterative-pneumothorax-due-to-bullous-dystrophy
#20
A Kienlen, C Fernandez, Z Henni-Laleg, M Andre, V Gazaille, N Coolen-Allou
Thoracic endometriosis is a rare entity characterized by presence of endometrial tissue in pleura, lung parenchyma or airways. Most frequent manifestations are catamenial pneumothorax, hemothorax, hemoptysis and pulmonary nodules. We report here a rare case of a woman with thoracic endometriosis who developed iterative pneumothorax and pneumopericardium on bilateral bullous pulmonary dystrophy. She was a 37-year-old woman without any tobacco exposure and with previous history of pleural tuberculosis treated 5 years earlier...
April 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
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