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Peritoneal tuberculosis

Sang Woo Shim, Shang Hun Shin, Woon Jung Kwon, Yoong Ki Jeong, Jong Hwa Lee
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the computed tomography (CT) features of female peritoneal tuberculosis and peritoneal carcinomatosis from normal-sized ovarian cancer for their differentiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the CT features of 18 female peritoneal tuberculosis and 17 peritoneal carcinomatosis with proven normal-sized ovarian carcinomas. Omental change, mesenteric change, parietal peritoneal thickening, lymph node enlargement, ascites, ovarian CT attenuation, and ovarian capsular change were analyzed...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Nuria Martinez, Natkunam Ketheesan, Kim West, Therese Vallerskog, Hardy Kornfeld
BACKGROUND:  Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased tuberculosis (TB) risk and disease severity. We previously reported that TB susceptibility in diabetic mice results from a delay in innate immune response to inhaled Mycobacterium tuberculosis, leading to delayed adaptive immune priming and consequently higher plateau lung bacterial burden and greater immune pathology. METHODS:  We tested the capacity of alveolar macrophages (AM) from diabetic mice to phagocytose M...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Moaz Sial, Mohammad Bilal, Patrick Perri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
Yongjie Wang, Qiuchen Qi, Ang Li, Min Yang, Weizhen Huang, Hongya Xu, Zhongxi Zhao, Siying Li
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Traditional Chinese medicine Yifei Tongluo Granules has been employed clinically with the combination of chemotherapy agents to treat patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. However, the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic potential have not been well elucidated. The present study was employed to verify immunomodulatory effect and to investigate the underlying mechanisms which have not been explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study samples of total extracts (FB-E) and polysaccharides (FB-P) were prepared by the extraction of the Yifei Tongluo Granules using appropriate techniques...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
John Abuga Guto, Christine C Bii, David W Denning
INTRODUCTION: Kenya is a developing country with a high rate of tuberculosis (TB) and a moderate HIV infection burden. No estimate of the burden of fungal diseases in Kenya is published. METHODOLOGY: We used specific populations at risk and fungal infection frequencies from the literature to estimate national incidence or prevalence of serious fungal infections. Used sources were: 2010 WHO TB statistics, Kenya Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Epidemic Update 2012, Kenya Facts and figures 2012, Kenya Demographic and Health Survey 2008-2009...
2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Jeremy S Nayagam, Claire Mullender, Catherine Cosgrove, Andrew Poullis
AIM: To review all cases of abdominal tuberculosis (ATB) for demographic details, diagnostic work up and evidence of vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of all patients diagnosed with ATB from June 2003 to August 2013 at St George's Hospital, London. Demographic data was available from the local tuberculosis database. Further clinical information was collected from electronic patient records, including radiology, endoscopy, microbiology, histology, biochemistry and serology...
August 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Takeshi Saraya, Richard W Light, Sho Sakuma, Yasuo Nakamoto, Shoko Wada, Manabu Ishida, Toshiya Inui, Takashi Koide, Haruyuki Ishii, Hajime Takizawa
BACKGROUND: Bilious pleural effusion is an extremely rare condition associated with liver diseases, subphrenic or subhepatic abscess formation, biliary peritonitis, and invasive procedures (i.e., percutaneous biliary drainage or liver biopsy). The current diagnostic test is based on the measurement of the ratio of pleural total bilirubin to serum total bilirubin, which is greater than 1 in patients with bilious pleural effusion. Given the low incidence of bilious pleural effusion, the precise diagnostic yield of this ratio based test has not been evaluated...
September 2016: Respiratory Investigation
Pratyush Kumar, Kunal Chawla, Pooja Khosla, Sunil Jain
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is endemic in India and almost 40 % of the Indian population is infected with tubercle bacilli. Tuberculosis being a great mimicker of infectious as well as non infectious diseases and recent rise of multi drug resistant and extended drug resistant cases have made diagnosis and management more difficult. To the best of our knowledge there have been no reported cases of tuberculosis coexisting with malignant peritoneal mesothelioma leading to multiple site venous thrombosis...
2016: BMC Research Notes
Erica C Dun, Serena Wong, Nisha A Lakhi, Ceana H Nehzat
OBJECTIVE: To report the medical and surgical management of a rare case of recurrent moss-like endometriosis and associated hemorrhagic ascites. DESIGN: Video description of the case, demonstration of the surgical technique, discussion of the histology, and review of endometriosis-associated ascites. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): A 26-year-old nulliparous woman of Nigerian heritage with recurrent hemorrhagic ascites due to endometriosis...
August 16, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Dirk G Struijk
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) for the treatment of end-stage renal failure was introduced in the 1960s. Nowadays it has evolved to an established therapy that is complementary to hemodialysis (HD), representing 11% of all patients treated worldwide with dialysis. Despite good clinical outcomes and similar results in patient survival between PD and HD, the penetration of PD is decreasing in the Western world. SUMMARY: First the major events in the history of the development of PD are described...
December 2015: Kidney Diseases
Vickie Wai-Ki Kwong, Philip Kam-Tao Li
BACKGROUND: There is a growing demand of dialysis in Asia for end-stage renal failure patients. Diabetes mellitus is the leading cause of end-stage renal failure in many countries in Asia. SUMMARY: The growth of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in Asia is significant and seeing a good trend. With the enhanced practices of PD, the quality of care in PD in Asia is also improved. Overall, PD and hemodialysis (HD) are comparable in clinical outcome. There is a global trend in the reduction of peritonitis rates and Asian countries also witness such improvement...
December 2015: Kidney Diseases
Ebun Ladipo Bamgboye
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. This, along with other noncommunicable diseases like hypertension, diabetes, and heart diseases, poses a double burden on a region that is still struggling to cope with the scourge of communicable diseases like malaria, tuberculosis, HIV, and more recently Ebola. Causes of CKD in the region are predominantly glomerulonephritis and hypertension, although type 2 diabetes is also becoming a significant cause as is the retroviral disease...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Nephrology
Sun Hwan Bae, Se Jin Park, Wan Seop Kim, Min Woo Lee, Ji Soo Kim
Pediatric mesenteric panniculitis is an extremely rare disease of unknown etiology characterized by chronic inflammation, fat necrosis, and fibrosis in the mesenteric adipose tissue. A previously healthy 13-year-old boy was admitted because of right upper abdominal pain. An abdominal computed tomography scan revealed increased attenuation and enhancement in the left upper abdominal omental fat and anterior peritoneal wall thickening. A laparoscopic biopsy showed mesenteric panniculitis with chronic inflammation, adiponecrosis, and septal fibrosis...
June 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
Amer Saeed Alshahrani, In Seob Lee
Herein, we report a 39-year-old female patient presenting with gastric cancer and tuberculous peritonitis. The differential diagnosis between advanced gastric cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis and early gastric cancer with peritoneal tuberculosis (TB), and the treatment of these two diseases, were challenging in this case. Physicians should have a high index of suspicion for peritoneal TB if the patient has a history of this disease, especially in areas with a high incidence of TB, such as South Korea. An early diagnosis is critical for patient management and prognosis...
June 2016: Journal of Gastric Cancer
Koji Inagaki, Makoto Mizutani, Yasuko Nagahara, Marina Asano, Daijiro Masamoto, Osamu Sawada, Akio Aono, Kinuyo Chikamatsu, Satoshi Mitarai
A 68-year-old man on peritoneal dialysis (PD) was hospitalized with the clinical picture of peritonitis. The patient was diagnosed with peritonitis caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) according to positive Ziehl-Neelsen staining and negative Mycobacterium tuberculosis polymerase chain reaction results. Oral levofloxacin and clarithromycin, and later intraperitoneal imipenem were started. According to the anti-NTM susceptibility test results, oral minocycline was administered. The patient was treated for 6 months...
2016: Internal Medicine
Satheesh Krishna, Naveen Kalra, Paramjeet Singh, Rakesh Kochhar, Rajesh Gupta, Rajinder Singh, Niranjan Khandelwal
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe the MR enterographic findings of small-bowel tuberculosis (TB) and to compare the imaging findings of small-bowel follow-through (SBFT) with those of MR enterography. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients (20 male and 10 female) presenting with suspected intestinal TB were enrolled in this prospective study. MR enterography and SBFT were performed within 2 weeks of each other. RESULTS: Nineteen of the 30 patients were confirmed to have TB...
September 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Tsutomu Shinohara, Kozo Kagawa, Yoshio Okano, Toru Sawada, Tooru Kobayashi, Masaya Takikawa, Yoshihito Iwahara, Fumitaka Ogushi
BACKGROUND: Early postpartum women are more likely to develop tuberculosis than nonpregnant women mainly due to immune reconstitution after delivery. Paradoxical response (PR) during antituberculosis treatment also arises via recovery from immunosuppression. However, no study focused on PR during antituberculosis treatment in a postpartum patient has been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: We present two sequential cases (Patient 1: 26-year-old; Patient 2: 29-year-old) of postpartum tuberculosis with pulmonary and extrapulmonary lesions (Patient 1: peritonitis; Patient 2: psoas abscess secondary to spondylitis)...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Zoé Cavalli, Florence Ader, Florent Valour, Julien Saison, Loïc Boussel, Oana Dumitrescu, Thomas Perpoint, Christian Chidiac, Thierry May, Tristan Ferry
INTRODUCTION: Diagnosis of peritoneal tuberculosis (pTB) is difficult, even in developed countries, where data are lacking. The aim of the present study was to describe the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and bacterial epidemiology of pTB in France over a 10-year period. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on pTB in two university hospitals in France, between January 2004 and December 2014. RESULTS: Among the 34 patients, 76.5% were migrants from areas of endemic tuberculosis (TB), mainly Africa...
June 2016: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
Rukhsana Foster, Thomas W Ferguson, Claudio Rigatto, Blake Lerner, Navdeep Tangri, Paul Komenda
BACKGROUND: Reactivation of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is a health concern for patients on dialysis or receiving a kidney transplant, as these patients are often immunosuppressed. The most frequently used test for LTBI screening in this population is the tuberculin skin test (TST). The diagnostic accuracy (sensitivity and specificity) of the TST in a contemporary North American or Western European dialysis population is unknown. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to determine the diagnostic accuracy and clinical utility of the two-step TST in patients receiving dialysis...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Norman O Machado
Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (SEP) is a rare chronic inflammatory condition of the peritoneum with an unknown aetiology. Also known as abdominal cocoon, the condition occurs when loops of the bowel are encased within the peritoneal cavity by a membrane, leading to intestinal obstruction. Due to its rarity and non-specific clinical features, it is often misdiagnosed. The condition presents with recurrent episodes of small bowel obstruction and can be idiopathic or secondary; the latter is associated with predisposing factors such as peritoneal dialysis or abdominal tuberculosis...
May 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
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