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Peritoneal tuberculosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900335/a-rare-presentation-of-peritoneal-tuberculosis-mimicking-malignancy
#1
Thein Swe, Akari Thein Naing, Zaw Win Phyo, Malar Thwin
Our search of literature revealed combined elevations of serum cancer antigen 125 levels and rheumatoid factor levels in a patient with peritoneal tuberculosis has rarely been reported. Thus, we describe the case of a 63-year-old female with large abdominal ascites and malignancy was ruled out with biopsy. High levels of serum cancer antigen and rheumatoid factor were noted. Physicians should be aware that tuberculosis infection could induce elevation of rheumatoid factor levels in the absence of rheumatologic symptoms or disease...
October 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898351/a-case-report-of-small-bowel-obstruction-secondary-to-congenital-peritoneal-band-in-adult
#2
Yahmadi Abdelwahed, Rebii Saber, Ben Ismail Imen, Zenaidi Hakim, Zoghlami Ayoub
INTRODUCTION: Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is common in adult surgical procedures, mainly due to postoperative adhesions. Acute SBO in adults without history of abdominal surgery, trauma or clinical hernia is less common and has various etiologies. Congenital band is an extremely rare cause. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 56-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with a two-day history of abdominal pain and bilious vomiting. He had no history of abdominal surgery or any other medical problems...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867196/extracellular-adp-facilitates-monocyte-recruitment-in-bacterial-infection-via-erk-signaling
#3
Xiaoyu Zhang, Juliang Qin, Junyan Zou, Zhangsheng Lv, Binghe Tan, Jueping Shi, Yihan Zhao, Hua Ren, Mingyao Liu, Min Qian, Bing Du
As the most prominent clinical drug targets for the inhibition of platelet aggregation, P2Y12 and P2Y13 have been found to be highly expressed in both platelets and macrophages. However, the roles and function of P2Y12/13 in the regulation of macrophage-mediated innate immune responses remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP), the endogenous ligand of P2Y1, P2Y12 and P2Y13, was released both in E. coli-infected mice and from macrophages treated with either lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or Pam3CSK4...
November 21, 2016: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847017/laparoscopy-in-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculosis-in-chronic-pelvic-pain
#4
Shalini Rajaram, Priyanka Gupta, Bindiya Gupta, Iqbal R Kaur, Neerja Goel
BACKGROUND: To estimate the prevalence of genital tuberculosis in women with idiopathic chronic pelvic pain on laparoscopy, correlate laparoscopic findings with microbiological and histological diagnosis of tuberculosis and assess the response to anti tubercular treatment (ATT) in these cases. METHOD: In a prospective cohort study, fifty women with idiopathic chronic pelvic pain were enrolled. Diagnostic laparoscopy was done in all women and fluid from pouch of Douglas and/or saline washings were sent for acid fast bacilli (AFB) smear, conventional and rapid culture and DNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis for diagnosis of genital TB...
September 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843013/-tuberculosis-among-chronic-hemodialysis-patients-in-togo-report-of-10%C3%A2-cases
#5
Mawufemo Yawovi Tsevi, Akomola Kossi Sabi, Laté Mawuli Lawson-Ananissoh, Befa Noto-Kadou-Kaza, Eyram Yoan Amekoudi
GOALS: To determine the frequency of tuberculosis among hemodialysis patients in Togo, specify its different localizations and identify its diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study over a period of 5 years (2010-2015). It includes the records of periodic hemodialysis patients in the Nephrology Department of the Sylvanus-Olympio University Teaching Hospital in Lomé. The diagnosis of tuberculosis was selected on the basis of clinical and laboratory data...
November 11, 2016: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807019/abdominal-tuberculosis-an-old-disease-surprising-young-doctors
#6
Marta David Sousa, Joana Batista, Patricia Pacheco, Vitor Nunes
Tuberculosis remains a worldwide public health concern. Atypical extrapulmonary presentations may delay the diagnosis and treatment. We present the case of an adult woman admitted to the emergency department with bowel obstruction. The putative intraoperative diagnostic hypothesis was ovarian cancer with peritoneal dissemination. Histopathological analysis showed a chronic granulomatous inflammatory disease with acid-fast bacilli. The patient was started on an alternative parenteral antituberculosis drug combination until oral feeding was available...
November 2, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801499/six-month-therapy-for-abdominal-tuberculosis
#7
REVIEW
Sophie Jullien, Siddharth Jain, Hannah Ryan, Vineet Ahuja
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) of the gastrointestinal tract and any other organ within the abdominal cavity is abdominal TB, and most guidelines recommend the same six-month regimen used for pulmonary TB for people with this diagnosis. However, some physicians are concerned whether a six-month treatment regimen is long enough to prevent relapse of the disease, particularly in people with gastrointestinal TB, which may sometimes cause antituberculous drugs to be poorly absorbed. On the other hand, longer regimens are associated with poor adherence, which could increase relapse, contribute to drug resistance developing, and increase costs to patients and health providers...
November 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789254/estimating-the-burden-of-invasive-and-serious-fungal-disease-in-the-united-kingdom
#8
Matthew Pegorie, David W Denning, William Welfare
BACKGROUND: The burden of fungal disease in the UK is unknown. Only limited data are systematically collected. We have estimated the annual burden of invasive and serious fungal disease. METHODS: We used several estimation approaches. We searched and assessed published estimates of incidence, prevalence or burden of specific conditions in various high risk groups. Studies with adequate internal and external validity allowed extrapolation to estimate current UK burden...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636249/ct-differentiation-of-female-peritoneal-tuberculosis-and-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-from-normal-sized-ovarian-cancer
#9
Sang Woo Shim, Shang Hun Shin, Woon Jung Kwon, Yoong Ki Jeong, Jong Hwa Lee
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the computed tomography (CT) features of female peritoneal tuberculosis and peritoneal carcinomatosis from normal-sized ovarian cancer for their differentiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the CT features of 18 female peritoneal tuberculosis and 17 peritoneal carcinomatosis with proven normal-sized ovarian carcinomas. Omental change, mesenteric change, parietal peritoneal thickening, lymph node enlargement, ascites, ovarian CT attenuation, and ovarian capsular change were analyzed...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630197/impaired-recognition-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-by-alveolar-macrophages-from-diabetic-mice
#10
Nuria Martinez, Natkunam Ketheesan, Kim West, Therese Vallerskog, Hardy Kornfeld
BACKGROUND:  Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased tuberculosis (TB) risk and disease severity. We previously reported that TB susceptibility in diabetic mice results from a delay in innate immune response to inhaled Mycobacterium tuberculosis, leading to delayed adaptive immune priming and consequently higher plateau lung bacterial burden and greater immune pathology. METHODS:  We tested the capacity of alveolar macrophages (AM) from diabetic mice to phagocytose M...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622196/laparoscopic-appearance-of-peritoneal-tuberculosis
#11
Moaz Sial, Mohammad Bilal, Patrick Perri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586820/immuno-enhancement-effects-of-yifei-tongluo-granules-on-cyclophosphamide-induced-immunosuppression-in-balb-c-mice
#12
Yongjie Wang, Qiuchen Qi, Ang Li, Min Yang, Weizhen Huang, Hongya Xu, Zhongxi Zhao, Siying Li
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Traditional Chinese medicine Yifei Tongluo Granules has been employed clinically with the combination of chemotherapy agents to treat patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. However, the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic potential have not been well elucidated. The present study was employed to verify immunomodulatory effect and to investigate the underlying mechanisms which have not been explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study samples of total extracts (FB-E) and polysaccharides (FB-P) were prepared by the extraction of the Yifei Tongluo Granules using appropriate techniques...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580321/estimated-burden-of-fungal-infections-in-kenya
#13
John Abuga Guto, Christine C Bii, David W Denning
INTRODUCTION: Kenya is a developing country with a high rate of tuberculosis (TB) and a moderate HIV infection burden. No estimate of the burden of fungal diseases in Kenya is published. METHODOLOGY: We used specific populations at risk and fungal infection frequencies from the literature to estimate national incidence or prevalence of serious fungal infections. Used sources were: 2010 WHO TB statistics, Kenya Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Epidemic Update 2012, Kenya Facts and figures 2012, Kenya Demographic and Health Survey 2008-2009...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574607/abdominal-tuberculosis-diagnosis-and-demographics-a-10-year-retrospective-review-from-a-single-centre
#14
Jeremy S Nayagam, Claire Mullender, Catherine Cosgrove, Andrew Poullis
AIM: To review all cases of abdominal tuberculosis (ATB) for demographic details, diagnostic work up and evidence of vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of all patients diagnosed with ATB from June 2003 to August 2013 at St George's Hospital, London. Demographic data was available from the local tuberculosis database. Further clinical information was collected from electronic patient records, including radiology, endoscopy, microbiology, histology, biochemistry and serology...
August 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566385/a-new-diagnostic-approach-for-bilious-pleural-effusion
#15
Takeshi Saraya, Richard W Light, Sho Sakuma, Yasuo Nakamoto, Shoko Wada, Manabu Ishida, Toshiya Inui, Takashi Koide, Haruyuki Ishii, Hajime Takizawa
BACKGROUND: Bilious pleural effusion is an extremely rare condition associated with liver diseases, subphrenic or subhepatic abscess formation, biliary peritonitis, and invasive procedures (i.e., percutaneous biliary drainage or liver biopsy). The current diagnostic test is based on the measurement of the ratio of pleural total bilirubin to serum total bilirubin, which is greater than 1 in patients with bilious pleural effusion. Given the low incidence of bilious pleural effusion, the precise diagnostic yield of this ratio based test has not been evaluated...
September 2016: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543099/co-existing-tuberculosis-and-malignant-mesothelioma-with-multiple-sites-venous-thrombosis-a-case-report
#16
Pratyush Kumar, Kunal Chawla, Pooja Khosla, Sunil Jain
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is endemic in India and almost 40 % of the Indian population is infected with tubercle bacilli. Tuberculosis being a great mimicker of infectious as well as non infectious diseases and recent rise of multi drug resistant and extended drug resistant cases have made diagnosis and management more difficult. To the best of our knowledge there have been no reported cases of tuberculosis coexisting with malignant peritoneal mesothelioma leading to multiple site venous thrombosis...
2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542707/recurrent-massive-ascites-due-to-mossy-endometriosis
#17
Erica C Dun, Serena Wong, Nisha A Lakhi, Ceana H Nehzat
OBJECTIVE: To report the medical and surgical management of a rare case of recurrent moss-like endometriosis and associated hemorrhagic ascites. DESIGN: Video description of the case, demonstration of the surgical technique, discussion of the histology, and review of endometriosis-associated ascites. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): A 26-year-old nulliparous woman of Nigerian heritage with recurrent hemorrhagic ascites due to endometriosis...
August 16, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536676/peritoneal-dialysis-in-western-countries
#18
REVIEW
Dirk G Struijk
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) for the treatment of end-stage renal failure was introduced in the 1960s. Nowadays it has evolved to an established therapy that is complementary to hemodialysis (HD), representing 11% of all patients treated worldwide with dialysis. Despite good clinical outcomes and similar results in patient survival between PD and HD, the penetration of PD is decreasing in the Western world. SUMMARY: First the major events in the history of the development of PD are described...
December 2015: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536675/peritoneal-dialysis-in-asia
#19
REVIEW
Vickie Wai-Ki Kwong, Philip Kam-Tao Li
BACKGROUND: There is a growing demand of dialysis in Asia for end-stage renal failure patients. Diabetes mellitus is the leading cause of end-stage renal failure in many countries in Asia. SUMMARY: The growth of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in Asia is significant and seeing a good trend. With the enhanced practices of PD, the quality of care in PD in Asia is also improved. Overall, PD and hemodialysis (HD) are comparable in clinical outcome. There is a global trend in the reduction of peritonitis rates and Asian countries also witness such improvement...
December 2015: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509589/the-challenges-of-esrd-care-in-developing-economies-sub-saharan-african-opportunities-for-significant-improvement
#20
Ebun Ladipo Bamgboye
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. This, along with other noncommunicable diseases like hypertension, diabetes, and heart diseases, poses a double burden on a region that is still struggling to cope with the scourge of communicable diseases like malaria, tuberculosis, HIV, and more recently Ebola. Causes of CKD in the region are predominantly glomerulonephritis and hypertension, although type 2 diabetes is also becoming a significant cause as is the retroviral disease...
2016: Clinical Nephrology
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