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Peritoneal tuberculosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068928/newly-recognized-cerebral-infarctions-on-postmortem-imaging-a-report-of-three-cases-with-systemic-infectious-disease
#1
Sakon Noriki, Kazuyuki Kinoshita, Kunihiro Inai, Toyohiko Sakai, Hirohiko Kimura, Takahiro Yamauchi, Masayuki Iwano, Hironobu Naiki
BACKGROUND: Postmortem imaging (PMI) refers to the imaging of cadavers by computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Three cases of cerebral infarctions that were not found during life but were newly recognized on PMI and were associated with severe systemic infections are presented. CASE PRESENTATIONS: An 81-year-old woman with a pacemaker and slightly impaired liver function presented with fever. Imaging suggested interstitial pneumonia and an iliopsoas abscess, and blood tests showed liver dysfunction and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)...
January 10, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061952/anti-mycobacterial-function-of-macrophages-is-impaired-in-a-diet-induced-model-of-type-2-diabetes
#2
Md Abdul Alim, Suchandan Sikder, Tahnee L Bridson, Catherine M Rush, Brenda L Govan, Natkunam Ketheesan
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is one of the major risk factors for tuberculosis (TB). In this study, a diet induced murine model of T2D (DIMT2D) was developed and characterized in the context of metabolic, biochemical and histopathological features following diet intervention. Mycobacterial susceptibility was investigated using Mycobacterium fortuitum as a surrogate. Phagocytic capability of alveolar macrophages and resident peritoneal macrophages were determined by in vitro assays using mycolic acid coated beads and M...
January 2017: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030916/endoscopic-treatment-of-intussusception-due-to-intestinal-tuberculosis
#3
Dooyoup Kim, Hyundo Jung, Mindae Kim, Jaehyung Lee, Sukhun Kim, Dongku Kang, Jiha Kim, Ilseon Lee
Traditionally, adult intussusception has required a bowel resection because of the malignancy risk. A patient with anorexia, weight loss, and abdominal pain visited our clinic. A physical exam and imaging study revealed no acute peritoneal signs. A colonoscopy for biopsy and bowel reduction was attempted. The tissue sample was consistent with intestinal tuberculosis. We report intestinal tuberculosis complicating intussusception which was treated without surgical intervention.
December 27, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009804/evaluation-of-chemical-composition-and-antileishmanial-and-antituberculosis-activities-of-essential-oils-of-piper-species
#4
Karine Zanoli Bernuci, Camila Cristina Iwanaga, Carla Maria Mariano Fernandez-Andrade, Fabiana Brusco Lorenzetti, Eduardo Caio Torres-Santos, Viviane Dos Santos Faiões, José Eduardo Gonçalves, Wanderlei do Amaral, Cícero Deschamps, Regiane Bertin de Lima Scodro, Rosilene Fressatti Cardoso, Vanessa Pietrowski Baldin, Diógenes Aparício Garcia Cortez
Essential oils from fresh Piperaceae leaves were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and a total of 68 components were identified. Principal components analysis results showed a chemical variability between species, with sesquiterpene compounds predominating in the majority of species analyzed. The composition of the essential oil of Piper mosenii was described for the first time. The cytotoxicity of the essential oils was evaluated in peritoneal macrophages and the oils of P...
December 12, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994338/chylous-ascites-in-advanced-gallbladder-cancer
#5
Mallika Tewari, Rupesh Singh, H S Shukla
Chylous ascites is a very rare occurrence in a patient with gallbladder cancer (GBC), and only six cases have been reported. We report here one such case in a 55-year-old lady who presented to us with upper abdominal pain for 6 months. A polypoidal gallbladder mass with minimal liver invasion but with multiple subcentimeter pericholedochal, common hepatic, mesenteric, and para-aortic lymph nodes was found on contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan. At laparotomy, the abdomen had milky fluid with engorged beaded lymphatics all over the small intestine...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988456/acute-gastric-volvulus-a-vicious-twist-of-tummy-case-report
#6
Basudev Kumar, Tarun Kalra, Ratnakar Namdeo, Rajesh Kumar Soni, Ajit Sinha
INTRODUCTION: Gastric volvulus is an uncommon disorder and can present either in the acute or chronic setting with variable symptoms. A robust blood supply of the stomach from different sources does not allow ischemia to develop early. When it occurs in the acute scenario, patients present with severe epigastric pain and retching without vomiting. Together with inability to pass nasogastric tube, they constitute Borchardt's triad. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case which presented in the emergency department with severe abdominal pain, abdominal distension and vomiting and a previous history of pulmonary tuberculosis...
December 11, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973453/evaluation-of-chemical-composition-and-antileishmanial-and-antituberculosis-activities-of-essential-oils-of-piper-species
#7
Karine Zanoli Bernuci, Camila Cristina Iwanaga, Carla Maria Mariano Fernadez-Andrade, Fabiana Brusco Lorenzetti, Eduardo Caio Torres-Santos, Viviane Dos Santos Faiões, José Eduardo Gonçalves, Wanderlei do Amaral, Cícero Deschamps, Regiane Bertin de Lima Scodro, Rosilene Fressatti Cardoso, Vanessa Pietrowski Baldin, Diógenes Aparício Garcia Cortez
Essential oils from fresh Piperaceae leaves were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and a total of 68 components were identified. Principal components analysis results showed a chemical variability between species, with sesquiterpene compounds predominating in the majority of species analyzed. The composition of the essential oil of Piper mosenii was described for the first time. The cytotoxicity of the essential oils was evaluated in peritoneal macrophages and the oils of P...
December 12, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942363/design-of-indigenous-elisa-using-tachyzoites-from-the-rh-strain-of-toxoplasma-gondii-and-comparison-with-commercial-kits-in-ahvaz-southwest-of-iran-2015
#8
Niloofar Mohammadpour, Jasem Saki, Abdollah Rafiei, Ali Khodadadi, Mehdi Tavalla, Bahman Cheraghian
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasma gondii is one of the most common causes of latent infections in humans worldwide. Detecting anti-Toxoplasma antibodies in serum using serological tests is a common method to diagnose toxoplasmosis. OBJECTIVES: In the present study, an indigenous ELISA kit was prepared using tachyzoites from the RH strain of T. gondii, and its sensitivity and specificity were compared with those of commercial kits. METHODS: To produce antigens, 0...
October 2016: Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935910/ascites-and-adnexal-mass-with-raised-ca125-how-arduous-can-be-the-path-of-diagnosis
#9
D Pannu, S Malik, S Shamsunder, A Bhatnagar
Ascites, adnexal mass and elevated CA125 levels almost always suggest advanced ovarian carcinoma. We present a case of a 37 years old multiparous lady who presented with such a classical picture. Radiological picture was suggestive of ovarian carcinoma with peritoneal metastasis. However, ascitic fluid cytology was negative for malignant cells. A differential diagnosis of tubercular mass was made. Ascitic fluid was sent for adenosine deaminase test that was negative. Fine needle aspiration cytology failed to reveal any sufficient sample for evaluation...
January 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900335/a-rare-presentation-of-peritoneal-tuberculosis-mimicking-malignancy
#10
Thein Swe, Akari Thein Naing, Zaw Win Phyo, Malar Thwin
Our search of literature revealed combined elevations of serum cancer antigen 125 levels and rheumatoid factor levels in a patient with peritoneal tuberculosis has rarely been reported. Thus, we describe the case of a 63-year-old female with large abdominal ascites and malignancy was ruled out with biopsy. High levels of serum cancer antigen and rheumatoid factor were noted. Physicians should be aware that tuberculosis infection could induce elevation of rheumatoid factor levels in the absence of rheumatologic symptoms or disease...
October 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898351/a-case-report-of-small-bowel-obstruction-secondary-to-congenital-peritoneal-band-in-adult
#11
Yahmadi Abdelwahed, Rebii Saber, Ben Ismail Imen, Zenaidi Hakim, Zoghlami Ayoub
INTRODUCTION: Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is common in adult surgical procedures, mainly due to postoperative adhesions. Acute SBO in adults without history of abdominal surgery, trauma or clinical hernia is less common and has various etiologies. Congenital band is an extremely rare cause. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 56-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with a two-day history of abdominal pain and bilious vomiting. He had no history of abdominal surgery or any other medical problems...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867196/extracellular-adp-facilitates-monocyte-recruitment-in-bacterial-infection-via-erk-signaling
#12
Xiaoyu Zhang, Juliang Qin, Junyan Zou, Zhangsheng Lv, Binghe Tan, Jueping Shi, Yihan Zhao, Hua Ren, Mingyao Liu, Min Qian, Bing Du
As the most prominent clinical drug targets for the inhibition of platelet aggregation, P2Y12 and P2Y13 have been found to be highly expressed in both platelets and macrophages. However, the roles and function of P2Y12/13 in the regulation of macrophage-mediated innate immune responses remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP), the endogenous ligand of P2Y1, P2Y12 and P2Y13, was released both in E. coli-infected mice and from macrophages treated with either lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or Pam3CSK4...
November 21, 2016: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847017/laparoscopy-in-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculosis-in-chronic-pelvic-pain
#13
Shalini Rajaram, Priyanka Gupta, Bindiya Gupta, Iqbal R Kaur, Neerja Goel
BACKGROUND: To estimate the prevalence of genital tuberculosis in women with idiopathic chronic pelvic pain on laparoscopy, correlate laparoscopic findings with microbiological and histological diagnosis of tuberculosis and assess the response to anti tubercular treatment (ATT) in these cases. METHOD: In a prospective cohort study, fifty women with idiopathic chronic pelvic pain were enrolled. Diagnostic laparoscopy was done in all women and fluid from pouch of Douglas and/or saline washings were sent for acid fast bacilli (AFB) smear, conventional and rapid culture and DNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis for diagnosis of genital TB...
September 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843013/-tuberculosis-among-chronic-hemodialysis-patients-in-togo-report-of-10%C3%A2-cases
#14
Mawufemo Yawovi Tsevi, Akomola Kossi Sabi, Laté Mawuli Lawson-Ananissoh, Befa Noto-Kadou-Kaza, Eyram Yoan Amekoudi
GOALS: To determine the frequency of tuberculosis among hemodialysis patients in Togo, specify its different localizations and identify its diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study over a period of 5 years (2010-2015). It includes the records of periodic hemodialysis patients in the Nephrology Department of the Sylvanus-Olympio University Teaching Hospital in Lomé. The diagnosis of tuberculosis was selected on the basis of clinical and laboratory data...
November 11, 2016: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807019/abdominal-tuberculosis-an-old-disease-surprising-young-doctors
#15
Marta David Sousa, Joana Batista, Patricia Pacheco, Vitor Nunes
Tuberculosis remains a worldwide public health concern. Atypical extrapulmonary presentations may delay the diagnosis and treatment. We present the case of an adult woman admitted to the emergency department with bowel obstruction. The putative intraoperative diagnostic hypothesis was ovarian cancer with peritoneal dissemination. Histopathological analysis showed a chronic granulomatous inflammatory disease with acid-fast bacilli. The patient was started on an alternative parenteral antituberculosis drug combination until oral feeding was available...
November 2, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801499/six-month-therapy-for-abdominal-tuberculosis
#16
REVIEW
Sophie Jullien, Siddharth Jain, Hannah Ryan, Vineet Ahuja
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) of the gastrointestinal tract and any other organ within the abdominal cavity is abdominal TB, and most guidelines recommend the same six-month regimen used for pulmonary TB for people with this diagnosis. However, some physicians are concerned whether a six-month treatment regimen is long enough to prevent relapse of the disease, particularly in people with gastrointestinal TB, which may sometimes cause antituberculous drugs to be poorly absorbed. On the other hand, longer regimens are associated with poor adherence, which could increase relapse, contribute to drug resistance developing, and increase costs to patients and health providers...
1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789254/estimating-the-burden-of-invasive-and-serious-fungal-disease-in-the-united-kingdom
#17
Matthew Pegorie, David W Denning, William Welfare
BACKGROUND: The burden of fungal disease in the UK is unknown. Only limited data are systematically collected. We have estimated the annual burden of invasive and serious fungal disease. METHODS: We used several estimation approaches. We searched and assessed published estimates of incidence, prevalence or burden of specific conditions in various high risk groups. Studies with adequate internal and external validity allowed extrapolation to estimate current UK burden...
January 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636249/ct-differentiation-of-female-peritoneal-tuberculosis-and-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-from-normal-sized-ovarian-cancer
#18
Sang Woo Shim, Shang Hun Shin, Woon Jung Kwon, Yoong Ki Jeong, Jong Hwa Lee
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the computed tomography (CT) features of female peritoneal tuberculosis and peritoneal carcinomatosis from normal-sized ovarian cancer for their differentiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the CT features of 18 female peritoneal tuberculosis and 17 peritoneal carcinomatosis with proven normal-sized ovarian carcinomas. Omental change, mesenteric change, parietal peritoneal thickening, lymph node enlargement, ascites, ovarian CT attenuation, and ovarian capsular change were analyzed...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630197/impaired-recognition-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-by-alveolar-macrophages-from-diabetic-mice
#19
Nuria Martinez, Natkunam Ketheesan, Kim West, Therese Vallerskog, Hardy Kornfeld
BACKGROUND:  Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased tuberculosis risk and severity. We previously reported that tuberculosis susceptibility in diabetic mice results from a delay in innate immune response to inhaled Mycobacterium tuberculosis, leading to delayed adaptive immune priming and, consequently, a higher plateau lung bacterial burden and greater immune pathology. METHODS:  We tested the capacity of alveolar macrophages from diabetic mice to phagocytose M...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622196/laparoscopic-appearance-of-peritoneal-tuberculosis
#20
Moaz Sial, Mohammad Bilal, Patrick Perri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
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