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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165535/the-feasibility-of-standardised-geriatric-assessment-tools-and-physical-exercises-in-frail-older-adults
#1
A D Jadczak, N Mahajan, R Visvanathan
Geriatric assessment tools are applicable to the general geriatric population; however, their feasibility in frail older adults is yet to be determined. The study aimed to determine the feasibility of standardised geriatric assessment tools and physical exercises in hospitalised frail older adults. Various assessment tools including the FRAIL Screen, the Charlson Comorbidity Index, the SF-36, the Trail Making Test (TMT), the Rapid Cognitive Screen, the Self Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA-SF) and the Lawton iADL as well as standard physical exercises were assessed using observational protocols...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159041/white-matter-alterations-and-their-associations-with-motor-function-in-young-adults-born-preterm-with-very-low-birth-weight
#2
Ingrid Marie Husby Hollund, Alexander Olsen, Jon Skranes, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Asta K Håberg, Live Eikenes, Kari Anne I Evensen
Very low birth weight (VLBW: ≤ 1500 g) individuals have an increased risk of white matter alterations and neurodevelopmental problems, including fine and gross motor problems. In this hospital-based follow-up study, the main aim was to examine white matter microstructure and its relationship to fine and gross motor function in 31 VLBW young adults without cerebral palsy compared with 31 term-born controls, at mean age 22.6 ± 0.7 years. The participants were examined with tests of fine and gross motor function (Trail Making Test-5: TMT-5, Grooved Pegboard, Triangle from Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2: MABC-2 and High-level Mobility Assessment Tool: HiMAT) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150924/comprehensive-profiling-of-lysine-acetylome-in-baculovirus-infected-silkworm-bombyx-mori-cells
#3
Dongbing Hu, Shengjie Xue, Cui Zhao, Ming Wei, Huihui Yan, Yanping Quan, Wei Yu
Bombyx mori is one of the key lepidopteran model species, and is economically important for silk production and proteinaceous drug expression. Baculovirus and insect host are important natural biological models for studying host-pathogen interactions. The impact of Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) infection on the proteome and acetylome of Bombyx mori ovarian (BmN) cells were explored to facilitate a better understanding of infection-driven interactions between BmNPV and host in vitro. The proteome and acetylome were profiled through 6-plex Tandem mass tag (TMT) labelling-based quantitative proteomics...
November 18, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137015/malignant-transformation-of-a-mature-teratoma-of-the-adrenal-gland-a-rare-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Miao Niu, Ailian Liu, Ying Zhao, Lu Feng
RATIONALE: Adrenal mature TMT is very rare. So far, only two cases have been reported. PATIENT: We report a rare case of malignant transformation of a mature teratoma in the right adrenal gland of a 36-year-old Chinese female. The patient had been asymptomatic until physical exam identified a palpable mass in the right abdomen. Abdominal non-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan showed a huge tumor with mixed density in right adrenal region, which had cystic components, fat, calcifications, and separations...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135021/diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-trail-making-test-for-screening-cognitive-impairment
#5
Mingqing Wei, Jing Shi, Ting Li, Jingnian Ni, Xuekai Zhang, Yumeng Li, Shenghua Kang, Fuyun Ma, Hengge Xie, Bin Qin, Dongsheng Fan, Liping Zhang, Yongyan Wang, Jinzhou Tian
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The Trail-Making Test (TMT), which is commonly used to measure executive function, consists of two components (TMT-A and TMTB). There is a lack of normative TMT data for Chinese elderly adults. This study aimed to evaluate the validity of the TMT in screening for cognitive impairment. DESIGN: 2,294 Chinese-speaking adults aged 50 to 85: 1,026 with normal cognition (NC), 462 with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), 108 with Alzheimer's disease (AD), 113 with vascular mild cognitive impairment (VaMCI), 121 with vascular dementia (VaD), 282 with uncertain types of dementia, and 15 with mixed dementia...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129749/quantitative-proteomic-analysis-of-deciduous-molars-during-cap-to-bell-transition-in-miniature-pig
#6
Yang Li, Yiyi Gong, Xiaoshan Wu, Fu Wang, Yilin Xie, Zhao Zhu, Yingying Su, Jinsong Wang, Chunmei Zhang, Junqi He, Haiteng Deng, Songlin Wang
Taking advantage of genetic manipulation tools and accessibility, almost all molecular knowledge on vertebrate tooth development was obtained from rodent models that only have one dentition in their entire lives. Whether the tooth development in other vertebrates such as swine or human follows the same rules remains elusive. Rodent dentitions differ considerably from human dentitions, therefore limiting the application of knowledge from rodent tooth to human tooth. Signal-mediated communication between cells and complex gene and protein regulatory networks are key components of tooth development...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128687/translational-mobilisation-theory-a-new-paradigm-for-understanding-the-organisational-elements-of-nursing-work
#7
Davina Allen
Translational Mobilisation Theory (TMT) is a generic sociological theory that explains how emergent projects of collective action are progressed in complex organisational contexts. Grounded in a substantial programme of research on healthcare work, it has value for understanding the organisational component of the nursing role for educational, practice and research purposes. This paper introduces Translational Mobilisation Theory, outlines its core components, and considers its application to nursing using ethnographic research on the organising work of nurses as an empirical reference...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126340/-treatment-of-hallux-valgus-current-diagnostic-testing-and-surgical-treatment-performed-by-german-foot-and-ankle-surgeons
#8
Dariusch Arbab, Lisa-Maria Schneider, Christoph Schnurr, Bertil Bouillon, Peer Eysel, Dietmar Pierre König
Background Hallux valgus is one of the most prevalent foot deformities, and surgical treatment of Hallux valgus is one of the most common procedures in foot and ankle surgery. Diagnostic and treatment standards show large variation despite medical guidelines and national foot and ankle societies. The aim of this nationwide survey is a description of the current status of diagnostics and therapy of Hallux valgus in Germany. Material and Methods A nationwide online questionnaire survey was sent to two German foot and ankle societies...
November 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120501/analysis-of-the-plasma-proteome-using-itraq-and-tmt-based-isobaric-labeling
#9
REVIEW
Robert Moulder, Santosh D Bhosale, David R Goodlett, Riitta Lahesmaa
Over the past decade, chemical labeling with isobaric tandem mass tags, such as isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification reagents (iTRAQ) and tandem mass tag (TMT) reagents, has been employed in a wide range of different clinically orientated serum and plasma proteomics studies. In this review the scope of these works is presented with attention to the areas of research, methods employed and performance limitations. These applications have covered a wide range of diseases, disorders and infections, and have implemented a variety of different preparative and mass spectrometric approaches...
November 9, 2017: Mass Spectrometry Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114212/tablet-based-functional-mri-of-the-trail-making-test-effect-of-tablet-interaction-mode
#10
Mahta Karimpoor, Nathan W Churchill, Fred Tam, Corinne E Fischer, Tom A Schweizer, Simon J Graham
The Trail Making Test (TMT) is widely used for assessing executive function, frontal lobe abilities, and visual motor skills. Part A of this pen-and-paper test (TMT-A) involves linking numbers randomly distributed in space, in ascending order. Part B (TMT-B) alternates between linking numbers and letters. TMT-B is more demanding than TMT-A, but the mental processing that supports the performance of this test remains incompletely understood. Functional MRI (fMRI) may help to clarify the relationship between TMT performance and brain activity, but providing an environment that supports real-world pen-and-paper interactions during fMRI is challenging...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111700/proteomic-investigation-of-metabolic-changes-of-mushroom-flammulina-velutipes-packaged-with-nanocomposite-material-during-cold-storage
#11
Donglu Fang, Wenjian Yang, Zilong Deng, Xinxin An, Liyan Zhao, Qiuhui Hu
Metabolic changes of mushroom (Flammulina velutipes) applied with polyethylene (PE) material (Normal-PM) or nanocomposite reinforced PE packaging material (Nano-PM) were monitored using tandem mass tags (TMT) labeling combined with two-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (2D LC-MS/MS) technique. A total of 429 proteins were investigated as differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) among treatments after a cold storage period. A total of 232 DEPs were up-regulated and 65 DEPs were down-regulated in Nano-PM packed F...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102254/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-the-oncological-long-term-outcomes-after-trimodality-therapy-and-radical-cystectomy-with-or-without-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Omar Fahmy, Mohd Ghani Khairul-Asri, Tina Schubert, Markus Renninger, Rohan Malek, Hubert Kübler, Arnulf Stenzl, Georgios Gakis
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to comprehensively analyze the oncological long-term outcomes of trimodal therapy (TMT) and radical cystectomy (RC) for the treatment of muscle-invasive bladder cancer (BC) with or without neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A systematic search was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines for studies reporting on outcomes after TMT and RC. A total of 57 studies including 30,293 patients were included. The 10-year overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates for TMT and RC were assessed...
October 25, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101850/microrna-146a-promotes-ige-class-switch-in-b-cells-via-upregulating-14-3-3%C3%AF-expression
#13
Fei Li, Yi Huang, You-Ying Huang, Yan-Song Kuang, Yong-Jian Wei, Li Xiang, Xing-Ju Zhang, Zheng-Cai Jia, Shan Jiang, Jing-Yi Li, Ying Wan
B cells play a critical role in immune responses both in physiological and pathological conditions, and microRNAs have been shown to play important roles in regulating B cell proliferation and function. MiR-146a has been shown to modulate T cell immunity, but its function in regulating B cell response remains partially understood. Our previous studies indicated that germinal center (GC) B cells are significantly expanded in miR-146a-overexpressing (TG) mice. In this study, we further characterized the roles of miR-146a in regulating humoral immune responses to specific antigens...
November 1, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100951/distinct-cerebellar-regions-related-to-motor-and-cognitive-performance-in-sca6-patients
#14
Zubir Rentiya, Noore-Sabah Khan, Ezgi Ergun, Sarah H Ying, John E Desmond
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a correlation between anatomic regional changes in Spinocerebellar Ataxia type 6 (SCA6) patients and measures of cognitive performance on neuropsychological tests. METHODS: Neurocognitive testing was conducted on 24 SCA6 and 28 control subjects. For each cognitive test, SCA6 patients were compared against the controls using Student's t-test. For the cerebellar patients, using voxel based morphometry, correlations between cerebellar gray matter volume at each voxel and performance on the neuropsychological exams were calculated using the Pearson correlation coefficient implemented in SPM8...
October 31, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099924/the-temporal-association-between-executive-function-and-life-space-mobility-in-old-age
#15
Taina Poranen-Clark, Mikaela B von Bonsdorff, Merja Rantakokko, Erja Portegijs, Johanna Eronen, Katja Pynnönen, Johan G Eriksson, Anne Viljanen, Taina Rantanen
Background: Life-space mobility, an indicator of community mobility, describes person's movements in terms of the distance from home, the frequency of movement and the need of assistance for movement. Executive function (EF) is a higher order cognitive function that supervises motor control, and plays a key role in a person's ability to function independently. Cognitive impairment often co-occurs with restricted life-space mobility, however, the direction of the longitudinal associations between EF and life-space mobility is unclear...
November 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098410/comparative-proteomic-analysis-sclr-is-importantly-involved-in-carbohydrate-metabolism-in-aspergillus-oryzae
#16
Feng-Jie Jin, Pei Han, Miao Zhuang, Zhi-Min Zhang, Long Jin, Yasuji Koyama
The helix-loop-helix (HLH) family of transcriptional factors is a key player in a wide range of developmental processes in organisms from mammals to microbes. We previously identified the bHLH transcription factor SclR in Aspergillus oryzae and found that the loss of SclR function led to significant phenotypic changes, such as rapid protein degradation and cell lysis in dextrin-polypeptone-yeast extract liquid medium. The result implied that SclR is potentially important in both traditional fermentative manufacturing and commercial enzyme production in A...
November 2, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097068/evaluation-of-cognitive-function-following-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#17
Masieh Abawi, Rehana de Vries, Pieter R Stella, Pierfrancesco Agostoni, Dirk H M Boelens, Romy C van Jaarsveld, Charlotte S van Dongen, Pieter A F M Doevendans, Mariëlle H Emmelot-Vonk
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is associated with procedural-related neurological events and acute cognitive decline. However, data on the effect of TAVR on mid-term cognitive outcome are scarce. Therefore, we aimed to assess the impact of TAVR on mid-term cognitive outcome using different neurocognitive test batteries. METHODS: Patients with severe aortic valve stenosis scheduled for TAVR were enrolled. Cognitive assessment was performed at baseline and 4 months post-TAVR using an eight-word verbal-learning test ("Immediate Recall Memory Test" [IRMT], "Delayed Recall Memory Test" [DRMT], "Recognition of Verbal Information Test" [RVIT]), global cognitive function ("Mini Mental State Examination" [MMSE]), and executive function ("Trail Making Test" [TMT], "Clock-Drawing Test" [CDT])...
October 20, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092020/proteomic-analysis-of-gingival-crevicular-fluid-for-novel-biomarkers-of-pubertal-growth-peak
#18
Xi Wen, Lorenzo Franchi, Feng Chen, Yan Gu
Background: Detection of pubertal growth peak is vital in orthodontic treatment timing and planning. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) contains abundant proteins from different sources and is an ideal source of biomarkers. The aim of this research is to detect candidate GCF biomarkers of pubertal growth by tandem mass tags (TMT) and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to help diagnosis and treatment planning of functional treatment. Methods: Forty subjects were recruited and were divided into pubertal and post-pubertal groups according to cervical vertebral maturation method...
October 28, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091830/an-ecological-approach-to-the-behavioral-assessment-of-executive-functions-in-anorexia-nervosa
#19
Grazia Fernanda Spitoni, Massimiliano Aragonaa, Sara Bevacqua, Armando Cotugno, Gabriella Antonucci
The use of ecological tests to assess executive functions (EFs) in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) has not examined extensively. The objective of this study was to analyze and compare the performance of patients with AN and healthy controls (HCs) on standard versus ecologically valid tests on EFs. Sixty-two females aged between 16 and 42 who were diagnosed with AN and 70 matched HCs completed 2 neuropsychological test batteries: standard tests (WCST, TMT, Stroop, ToL, fluency test) and the Behavioral Assessment of Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS)...
October 25, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081819/cognitive-function-of-artemisia-argyi-h-fermented-by-monascus-purpureus-under-tmt-induced-learning-and-memory-deficits-in-icr-mice
#20
Jin Yong Kang, Du Sang Lee, Seon Kyeong Park, Jeong Su Ha, Jong Min Kim, Gi Jeong Ha, Weon Taek Seo, Ho Jin Heo
The cognitive effect of Artemisia argyi H. under liquid-state fermentation by Monascus purpureus (AAFM), which has cellular antioxidant activity and neuronal cell viability, on trimethyltin- (TMT-) induced learning and memory impairment in Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice was confirmed. Tests were conducted to determine the neuroprotective effects against H2O2-induced oxidative stress, and the results showed that AAFM has protective effects through the repression of mitochondrial injury and cellular membrane damage against H2O2-induced neurotoxicity...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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