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OPG AND beta glucans

Sébastien Bontemps-Gallo, Jean-Pierre Bohin, Jean-Marie Lacroix
Among all the systems developed by enterobacteria to face osmotic stress, only osmoregulated periplasmic glucans (OPGs) were found to be modulated during osmotic fluxes. First detected in 1973 by E.P. Kennedy's group in a study of phospholipid turnover in Escherichia coli, OPGs have been shown across alpha, beta, and gamma subdivisions of the proteobacteria. Discovery of OPG-like compounds in the epsilon subdivision strongly suggested that the presence of periplasmic glucans is essential for almost all proteobacteria...
June 2017: EcoSal Plus
Yannick Lequette, Eric Lanfroy, Virginie Cogez, Jean-Pierre Bohin, Jean-Marie Lacroix
In Escherichia coli, osmoregulated periplasmic glucans (OPGs) are highly substituted by phosphoglycerol, phosphoethanolamine and succinyl residues. A two-step model was proposed to account for phosphoglycerol substitution: first, the membrane-bound phosphoglycerol transferase I transfers residues from membrane phosphatidylglycerol to nascent OPG molecules; second, the periplasmic phosphoglycerol transferase II swaps residues from one OPG molecule to another. Gene opgB was reported to encode phosphoglycerol transferase I...
February 2008: Microbiology
Yannick Lequette, Eglantine Rollet, Aurélie Delangle, E Peter Greenberg, Jean-Pierre Bohin
Osmoregulated periplasmic glucans (OPGs) are produced by many proteobacteria and are important for bacterial-host interactions. The opgG and opgH genes involved in the synthesis of OPGs are the most widely distributed genes in proteobacterial genomes. Two other non-homologous genes, both named ndvB, are also involved in OPG biosynthesis in several species. The Pseudomonas aeruginosa genome possesses two ORFs, PA5077 and PA5078, that show similarity to opgH and opgG of Pseudomonas syringae, respectively, and one ORF, PA1163, similar to ndvB of Sinorhizobium meliloti...
October 2007: Microbiology
Xavier Hanoulle, Eglantine Rollet, Bernard Clantin, Isabelle Landrieu, Carmen Odberg-Ferragut, Guy Lippens, Jean-Pierre Bohin, Vincent Villeret
Osmoregulated periplasmic glucans (OPGs) G protein (OpgG) is required for OPGs biosynthesis. OPGs from Escherichia coli are branched glucans, with a backbone of beta-1,2 glucose units and with branches attached by beta-1,6 linkages. In Proteobacteria, OPGs are involved in osmoprotection, biofilm formation, virulence and resistance to antibiotics. Despite their important biological implications, enzymes synthesizing OPGs are poorly characterized. Here, we report the 2.5 A crystal structure of OpgG from E.coli...
September 3, 2004: Journal of Molecular Biology
Philippe Talaga, Virginie Cogez, Jean-Michel Wieruszeski, Bernd Stahl, Jérôme Lemoine, Guy Lippens, Jean-Pierre Bohin
The osmoregulated periplasmic glucans (OPGs) produced by Rhodobacter sphaeroides, a free-living organism, were isolated by trichloracetic acid treatment and gel permeation chromatography. Compounds obtained were characterized by compositional analysis, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance. R. sphaeroides predominantly synthesizes a cyclic glucan containing 18 glucose residues that can be substituted by one to seven succinyl esters residues at the C6 position of some of the glucose residues, and by one or two acetyl residues...
May 2002: European Journal of Biochemistry
V Cogez, P Talaga, J Lemoine, J P Bohin
We report the initial characterization of the osmoregulated periplasmic glucans (OPGs) of Erwinia chrysanthemi. OPGs are intrinsic components of the bacterial envelope necessary to the pathogenicity of this phytopathogenic enterobacterium (F. Page, S. Altabe, N. Hugouvieux-Cotte-Pattat, J.-M. Lacroix, J. Robert-Baudouy and J.-P. Bohin, J. Bacteriol. 183:0000-0000, 2001 [companion in this issue]). OPGs were isolated by trichloracetic acid treatment and gel permeation chromatography. The synthesis of these compounds appeared to be osmoregulated, since lower amounts of OPGs were produced when bacteria were grown in media of higher osmolarities...
May 2001: Journal of Bacteriology
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