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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151096/jumping-frenchmen-miryachit-and-latah-culture-specific-hyperstartle-plus-syndromes
#1
Douglas J Lanska
In the late 19th century, jumping (French Canadians in Maine, USA), miryachit (Siberia), and latah (Southeast Asia) were among a group of similar disorders described around the world, each of which manifests as an exaggerated startle response with additional late-response features that were felt by some to overlap with hysteria or tics. The later features following the exaggerated startle reaction variably include mimesis (e.g., echopraxia, echolalia) and automatic obedience. These reaction patterns tended to persist indefinitely in affected individuals...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151087/ganser-syndrome
#2
Sebastian Dieguez
Ganser's syndrome is a rare and controversial condition, whose main and most striking feature is the production of approximate answers (or near misses) to very simple questions. For instance, asked how many legs a horse has, Ganser patients will reply "5", and answers to plain arithmetic questions will likewise be wrong, but only slightly off the mark (e.g., 2 + 2 = 3). This symptom was originally described by Sigbert Ganser in 1897 in prisoners on remand and labeled Vorbeigehen ("to pass by"), although the term Vorbeireden ("to talk beside the point") is also frequently used...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073632/jean-martin-charcot-1825-1893-a-treatment-approach-gone-astray
#3
Olivier Walusinski
Jean-Martin Charcot's reputation remains that of a physician who took little interest in treatments for the neurological diseases he did much to identify. After reviewing the limited number of medicinal remedies of slight effectiveness at Charcot's disposal, we analyze in this review the numerous therapeutic tests that he conducted: vibratory medicine for Parkinson's disease, treatment of tabes by suspension technique, metallotherapy and moral -treatment for hysteria. Understanding that he fully and completely adhered to the far-reaching heredity-based theories of his day makes it possible to perceive his natural and fundamental pessimism...
October 26, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050993/psychological-causes-of-autobiographical-amnesia-a-study-of-28-cases
#4
Angelica Staniloiu, Hans J Markowitsch, Andreas Kordon
Autobiographical amnesia is found in patients with focal or diffuse brain damage ("organic amnesia"), but also without overt brain damage (at least when measured with conventional brain imaging methods). This last condition is usually named dissociative amnesia at present, and was originally described as hysteria. Classically and traditionally, dissociative amnesia is seen as a disorder that causes retrograde amnesia in the autobiographical domain in the aftermath of incidents of major psychological stress or trauma...
October 16, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030783/the-head-the-heart-and-hysteria-in-jeanne-flore-s-tales-and-trials-of-love-c-1542
#5
Kelly Digby Peebles
This essay examines a challenge to common literary representations of female mental illness in the Early Modern period-the hysterical woman-in a collection of French short stories contemporary to Vesalius's De Fabrica: Jeanne Flore's Tales and Trials of Love (1542). Jeanne Flore's tales depict several mentally disturbed female protagonists, young women prone to paroxysms of madness and self-mutilation. This study maintains that while Tales and Trials of Love superficially participates in the literary tradition that grew out of those accepted social and medical beliefs, it also questions the long-accepted paradigm of female hysteria and points to a shift in the socio-medical climate...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919554/revisiting-the-wandering-womb-oxytocin-in-endometriosis-and-bipolar-disorder
#6
REVIEW
Natalie L Dinsdale, Bernard J Crespi
Hippocrates attributed women's high emotionality - hysteria - to a 'wandering womb'. Although hysteria diagnoses were abandoned along with the notion that displaced wombs cause emotional disturbance, recent research suggests that elevated levels of oxytocin occur in both bipolar disorder and endometriosis, a gynecological condition involving migration of endometrial tissue beyond the uterus. We propose and evaluate the hypothesis that elevated oxytocinergic system activity jointly contributes to bipolar disorder and endometriosis...
September 19, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901877/sabine-arnaud-on-hysteria-the-invention-of-a-medical-category-between-1670-and-1820-chicago-illinois-the-university-of-chicago-press-2015-pp-%C3%A2-xi-376-55-00-cloth-isbn-%C3%A2-978-0-226-27554-3
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764275/study-of-association-of-substance-use-disorders-with-family-members-psychological-disorders
#8
Kamal Solati, Ali Hasanpour-Dehkordi
INTRODUCTION: Substance Use Disorders (SUDs) represents a serious problem in Iranian community that may lead to psychological disorders in families. AIM: This study was conducted to investigate the association of SUDs with family members' psychological disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample size of the study consisted of 724 people referred to a counseling and psychology clinic in Shahrekord, southwest Iran. For data gathering, random method was adopted...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641809/re-emerging-infectious-diseases-from-the-past-hysteria-or-real-risk
#9
Philippe Charlier, Jean-Michel Claverie, Philippe Sansonetti, Yves Coppens, Anaïs Augias, Sophie Jacqueline, Fanny Rengot, Saudamini Deo
BACKGROUND: Work on human remains and old biological samples is a potential source of contamination by conventional or atypical infectious agents. Similarly, current and future environmental changes are a source of resurgence of ancient epidemic diseases. To what extent are anthropologists sorcerer apprentices (especially those working on ancient samples, i.e. paleo-anthropologists)? Are ancient skeletons, palaeosols and museum objects with a biological component at risk for current populations? Unless there are unfounded fears and undue risk… What can be learned from the recent scientific literature and the common sense of the researchers? METHODS: We have attempted to compile data from the literature and from our personal experience in the fields of anthropology, clinical medicine and epidemiology, in order to grasp the reality of the risk to the human population...
June 20, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576588/-dystonia-12-a-rare-and-difficult-diagnosis
#10
P Leroy, F Meyer, S Vaessen, D Doummar, J-P Misson
We report a case of dystonia 12, also called rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism, which occurred in a young 12-year-old boy. Type 12 dystonia is a genetic syndrome characterized by a pathogenic mutation on ATP1A3 gene encoding the subunit alpha 3 of Na-K-ATPase protein, resulting in neuronal dysfunctions. It remains a rare syndrome with less than 100 cases described in the literature. Its atypical presentation and its rarity may lead to a wandering diagnosis, even in some cases to a conversion hysteria diagnosis...
May 30, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559875/beyond-the-impasse-reflections-on-dissociative-identity-disorder-from-a-freudian-lacanian-perspective
#11
Reitske Meganck
Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a widely contested diagnosis. The dominant posttraumatic model (PTM) considers early life trauma to be the direct cause of the creation of alter identities and assumes that working directly with alter identities should be at the core of the therapeutic work. The socio-cognitive model, on the other hand, questions the validity of the DID diagnosis and proposes an iatrogenic origin of the disorder claiming that reigning therapeutic and socio-cultural discourses create and reify the problem...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537125/dealing-the-occasional-episodes-of-mass-hysteria-in-india
#12
Govindasamy Agoramoorthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507594/pain-threshold-reflects-psychological-traits-in-patients-with-chronic-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Fumie Kato, Tetsuya Abe, Kenji Kanbara, Ikumi Ban, Tadashi Kiba, Sadanobu Kawashima, Yukie Saka, Yasuyuki Mizuno, Mikihiko Fukunaga
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain enhances sensory sensitivity and induces the biased development of psychological traits such as depression and pain catastrophizing, leading to the formation of heterogeneous conditions. Fluctuations in the sensory-related thresholds of non-injured sites (with normal peripheral tissue) in patients with chronic pain are thought to be related to central sensitization. The objectives of this study were to analyze the association between pain tolerance thresholds (PTTs) in non-injured sites and the psychological traits of patients with chronic pain and to evaluate the usefulness of PTT measures in assessments of pathological conditions related to chronic pain...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493114/-management-of-multiresistant-bacteria-in-urology
#14
REVIEW
W Vahlensieck, R Rudolph, H-J Knopf, U Dahl, W Fabry
Contamination and infection with extensive drug resistant (XDR) bacteria are increasing in urology with the exception of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) (stabilization). They often lead to logistic and therapeutical problems. Only 30-50% of XDR cases are of exogenous origin. To slow this trend, screening, hygiene programs, isolation, decontamination, targeted therapy of symptomatic infections, education programs, and success controls should be applied. Furthermore, all regulatory and legal instructions should be followed...
June 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468551/the-secret-source-of-female-hysteria-the-role-that-syphilis-played-in-the-construction-of-female-sexuality-and-psychoanalysis-in-the-late-nineteenth-and-early-twentieth-centuries
#15
Lois P Rudnick, Alison M Heru
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the unspoken fear of syphilis played a significant role in the development of beliefs about female sexuality. Many women were afraid of sexual relationships with men because they feared contracting syphilis, which was, at that time, untreatable. Women also feared passing this disease on to their children. Women's sexual aversion, or repression, became a focus for Freud and his colleagues, whose theory of psychosexual development was based on their treatment of women...
June 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408109/investigation-of-a-suspected-outbreak-of-lipoatrophia-semicircularis-in-children
#16
Cristina Rius, Eulalia Baselga, Jorge Tizón, Paulina Fuentes, Fania Zamantta Muñoz-Garza, Glòria Roigé, Xavier Llebaria, Joan A Caylà
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Recent reports of outbreaks of lipoatrophia semicircularis (LS) in various countries have generated discussion regarding the potential role of the environmental characteristics of office workplaces in new buildings. The objective of this study was to investigate a suspected outbreak of LS among children in a public school in Barcelona, which generated tremendous alarm. METHODS: We performed an epidemiological assessment including descriptive and prevalence analyses, and an environmental investigation followed by a psychiatric assessment according to Small's criteria...
August 10, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343680/the-medical-itineraries-of-blaise-cendrars-neuropsychiatry-marks-life-and-literature
#17
L Tatu, J Bogousslavsky
Neuropsychiatry had a profound impact on the life and work of one of the most influential French writers of the 20th century, Frédéric Sauser, better known by his pen name Blaise Cendrars (1887-1961). Cendrars, whose right writing hand was amputated after a battlefield wound in 1915, described with acuity his stump pain and phantom limb syndrome. He became a left-handed writer. Between 1956 and his death in 1961, he also suffered two strokes that progressively paralyzed his left side and greatly diminished his ability to speak...
March 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326114/minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-characteristics-of-parricide-offenders-with-schizophrenia-in-korea
#18
Sang Yeop Lee, Myung Ho Lim, Jangkyu Lee, Geumsook Shim, Yeon Kim, Jin Ah Do, Soo Jung Lee, Jong Hyuck Choi, Jae Woo Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the personality characteristics in parricide offenders, by using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) test, which is commonly used in clinical medicine. METHODS: A total of 73 parricide offenders with schizophrenia who were admitted to National Forensic Hospital in Gongju city between September 2014 and February 2015, and 104 comparison schizophrenia patients who had been admitted to Dankook University Hospital in Cheonan city the same hospital, completed the Korean version of the MMPI...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299723/mold-and-human-health-a-reality-check
#19
REVIEW
Andrea T Borchers, Christopher Chang, M Eric Gershwin
There are possibly millions of mold species on earth. The vast majority of these mold spores live in harmony with humans, rarely causing disease. The rare species that does cause disease does so by triggering allergies or asthma, or may be involved in hypersensitivity diseases such as allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis or allergic fungal sinusitis. Other hypersensitivity diseases include those related to occupational or domiciliary exposures to certain mold species, as in the case of Pigeon Breeder's disease, Farmer's lung, or humidifier fever...
June 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286824/the-prevalence-of-personality-disorders-among-emergency-nurses-based-on-mmpi-2-questionnaire-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Parvin Kashani, Sahar Mirbaha, Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar, Farahnaz Meschi, Alireza Baratloo
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of behavioral disorders is substantially higher in stressful working environments such as emergency departments. The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of personality disorders among emergency nurses. METHODS: In the present epidemiologic study, the prevalence of personality disorders among emergency nurses of three educational hospitals, Tehran, Iran, were evaluated based on Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) test...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
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