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Hysteria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920032/overselling-hysteria-the-role-of-the-media-and-medical-journals-in-promoting-questionable-risks-a-case-study-of-the-testosterone-controversy
#1
Abdulmaged M Traish, Jay C Vance, Abraham Morgentaler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902586/neurological-psychological-and-cognitive-disorders-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-on-conservative-and-replacement-therapy
#2
Silvia Lai, Oriano Mecarelli, Patrizia Pulitano, Roberto Romanello, Leonardo Davi, Alessia Zarabla, Amalia Mariotti, Maria Carta, Giorgia Tasso, Luca Poli, Anna Paola Mitterhofer, Massimo Testorio, Nicla Frassetti, Paola Aceto, Alessandro Galani, Carlo Lai
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a highly prevalent condition in the world. Neurological, psychological, and cognitive disorders, related to CKD, could contribute to the morbidity, mortality, and poor quality of life of these patients. The aim of this study was to assess the neurological, psychological, and cognitive imbalance in patients with CKD on conservative and replacement therapy.Seventy-four clinically stable patients affected by CKD on conservative therapy, replacement therapy (hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD)), or with kidney transplantation (KT) and 25 healthy controls (HC), matched for age and sex were enrolled...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790160/the-neuropsychoanalytic-approach-using-neuroscience-as-the-basic-science-of-psychoanalysis
#3
Brian Johnson, Daniela Flores Mosri
Neuroscience was the basic science behind Freud's psychoanalytic theory and technique. He worked as a neurologist for 20 years before being aware that a new approach to understand complex diseases, namely the hysterias, was needed. Solms coined the term neuropsychoanalysis to affirm that neuroscience still belongs in psychoanalysis. The neuropsychoanalytic field has continued Freud's original ideas as stated in 1895. Developments in psychoanalysis that have been created or revised by the neuropsychoanalysis movement include pain/relatedness/opioids, drive, structural model, dreams, cathexis, and dynamic unconscious...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719857/freud-s-hysteria-and-its-legacy
#4
R A A Kanaan
Though Freud was himself interested in neurologic disorders, the model of hysteria he developed - of the repression of painful experiences, and their conversion into physical symptoms - made the disorder psychiatric, as the increasingly complex explanations came to rely on the "meaning" of events, which could not easily be understood neurologically. This evolved to become a prototype for psychiatric illness more broadly, a model which, though challenged by the First World War, enjoyed great success, notably in the USA, dominating psychiatric thinking for most of the 20th century...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719850/a-brief-history-of-hysteria-from-the-ancient-to-the-modern
#5
M Trimble, E H Reynolds
In this paper we discuss the history of hysteria from the Babylonian and Assyrian texts through to the situation as it appears to us at the end of the 19th century. We note the shifting emphasis on causation, earlier ideas being linked to uterine theories, later speculations moving to the brain, and then the mind. We note the persistence of the condition referred to as hysteria over the millennia and the fascination that the condition has held for physicians, neurologists, and psychiatrists since the origins of known medical texts...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719847/functional-sensory-symptoms
#6
J Stone, M Vermeulen
Functional (psychogenic) sensory symptoms are those in which the patient genuinely experiences alteration or absence of normal sensation in the absence of neurologic disease. The hallmark of functional sensory symptoms is the presence of internal inconsistency revealing a pattern of symptoms governed by abnormally focused attention. In this chapter we review the history of this area, different clinical presentations, diagnosis (including sensitivity of diagnostic tests), treatment, experimental studies, and prognosis...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719844/neurologic-approaches-to-hysteria-psychogenic-and-functional-disorders-from-the-late-19th-century-onwards
#7
J Stone
The history of functional neurologic disorders in the 20th century from the point of view of the neurologist is U-shaped. A flurry of interest between the 1880s and early 1920s gave way to lack of interest, skepticism, and concern about misdiagnosis. This was mirrored by increasing professional and geographic divisions between neurology and psychiatry after the First World War. In the 1990s the advent of imaging and other technology highlighted the positive nature of a functional diagnosis. Having been closer in the early 20th century but later more separate, these disorders are now once again the subject of academic and clinical interest, although arguably still very much on the fringes of neurology and neuropsychiatry...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719832/charcot-hysteria-and-simulated-disorders
#8
C G Goetz
Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) was the 19th-century's premier international neurologist. One of his areas of focused interest was the neurologic disorder, hysteria, a condition with distinctive neurologic signs, but no established structural lesions identified at autopsy. Charcot considered hysteria as a physiologic disorder that affected specific neuroanatomic areas of the brain comparable to the same areas that were damaged by structural neurologic disorders provoking the same or similar signs. He considered hysteria primarily a hereditary disorder, but environmental factors including physical and emotional stress served as provoking factors...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719831/psychologic-theories-in-functional-neurologic-disorders
#9
A Carson, L Ludwig, K Welch
In this chapter we review key psychologic theories that have been mooted as possible explanations for the etiology of functional neurologic symptoms, conversion disorder, and hysteria. We cover Freudian psychoanalysis and later object relations and attachment theories, social theories, illness behavior, classic and operant conditioning, social learning theory, self-regulation theory, cognitive-behavioral theories, and mindfulness. Dissociation and modern cognitive neuroscience theories are covered in other chapters in this series and, although of central importance, are omitted from this chapter...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635031/charles-darwin-s-1809-1882-illness-the-role-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#10
Louis Heyse-Moore
During most of his adult life, in counterpoint to his fame in describing the theory of evolution, Charles Darwin was chronically ill. He consulted many doctors with only limited and temporary success. His symptoms were many and varied. His doctors favoured dyspepsia or suppressed gout as the diagnosis. The Water Cure was only effective initially. Many diagnoses have been proposed by physicians since then. Perhaps he suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), not instead of but as well as other physical problems...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580311/acute-hair-matting-case-report-and-trichoscopy-findings
#11
S S Martins, L S Abraham, I Doche, B M Piraccini, C Vincenzi, A Tosti
Acute hair matting (AHM) is a rare condition presenting as a compact mass with irregular twists and severely entangled hairs abruptly formed in the scalp. First reported as "plica neuropathica" by Le Page in 1884, the condition was thought to be due to hysteria(1) . However, the term "plica polonica" was also very prevalent in Poland in the 19(th) century, when the polish custom of wearing tight fur caps and not washing the hair contributed to a filthy and malodorous compact mass, usually associated with lice infection and inflammation in the scalp (2) ...
August 31, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500702/obsessive-states-aesthetics-erotism-and-fantasy
#12
Aya Zaidel
Starting from his early writings, Freud devoted much thought to "obsessional neurosis" and continued developing this theme for more than thirty years. However, unlike the disorder hysteria, which in recent years has regained its honorable status in psychoanalytic literature, obsessional neurosis has been continually neglected and relegated to the fields of psychiatry and behavioral psychology, which emphasize the symptomatic and the overt. This process, by clinging to the objective aspects of obsessional neurosis and disassociating it from the instincts and from its historical sources, may itself be deemed obsessive...
August 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485874/factors-affecting-illness-in-the-developing-world-chronic-disease-mental-health-and-traditional-medicine-cures
#13
Nathan T Douthit, Hailemariam Alemu Astatk
This is a case report of a 24-year-old Ethiopian woman with a medical history of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis. She suffers from chronic liver failure and portal hypertension. She has been hospitalised for 'hysteria' in the past but did not receive follow-up, outpatient treatment or psychiatric evaluation. After discontinuing her medications and leaving her family to use holy water, a religious medicine used by many Ethiopians, she was found at a nearby monastery. She was non-communicative and difficult to arouse...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437624/roots-and-vicissitudes-of-psychic-bisexuality
#14
Florent Poupart
Sigmund Freud considered the difficulty in defining masculinity and femininity from a psychic point of view as a hiatus in psychoanalytic theory. I contend that masculinity pertains to the centrifugal (to that which goes out, and ultimately to that which one loses), and femininity to the centripetal (to the appetency for taking the object into one's own internal space), whether one is considering their archaic roots or their genitalized culmination. The masculine/feminine pair draws support from the body (and, through anaclisis, from the subjective space), identified with a container that is liable already in the first psychic stages of life to empty itself of its own content and to be filled by a foreign content: the content is subjective in the masculine and object-related in the feminine...
June 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430404/medical-error-epidemic-hysteria
#15
EDITORIAL
Gerard J Gianoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344902/-not-available
#16
Johanne Collin, David Hughes
In The Mind of Modernism, Mark Micale demonstrates the ubiquity of the concept of hysteria in the French imagination at the turn of the century. Taking this approach as our starting point, our study attempts to determine if the notion of degeneration played a similar role in the interactions of psychiatry, culture and politics in Quebec. Our analysis of a variety of historical sources demonstrates that the concept of degeneration did indeed penetrate aspects of psychiatric nosology, medical literature, news media, fiction, and political discourse in Quebec...
2016: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27292336/mark-honigsbaum-a-history-of-the-great-influenza-pandemics-death-panic-and-hysteria-1830-1920-london-new-york-i-%C3%A2-b-%C3%A2-tauris-2014-pp-%C3%A2-x%C3%A2-313-%C3%A2-62-00-95-00-isbn-%C3%A2-9781780764788
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216366/is-high-hypnotizability-a-necessary-diathesis-for-pathological-dissociation
#18
Paul F Dell
During the nineteenth century, high hypnotizability was considered to be a form of psychopathology that was inseparable from hysteria. Today, hypnotizability is considered to be a normal trait that has no meaningful relationship with psychopathology. Psychiatric patients generally manifest medium-to-low hypnotizability. Nevertheless, several psychiatric diagnoses are marked by an unexpectedly large proportion of patients with high hypnotizability. This is especially true of the diagnostic categories that were subsumed by the nineteenth-century concept of hysteria: Dissociative identity disorder, somatization disorder, and complex conversion disorders...
May 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149073/psychological-characteristics-of-patients-with-asthma
#19
Emel Bulcun, Yakup Turkel, Omer Oguztürk, Ersel Dag, S Visal Buturak, Aydanur Ekici, Mehmet Ekici
INTRODUCTION: Psychological distress of patients with asthma may be reduced when they learned to live with their illness. Asthma can change the psychological and personality characteristics. We aim to investigate the psychological and personality characteristics of patients with asthma by using MMPI (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory). METHODS: Thirty-three adult patients with asthma (23 female and 10 male) and 20 healthy controls (14 females and 6 males) were enrolled in the present study...
May 5, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108472/sexual-trauma-at-the-salpetriere
#20
Colin Ross
Jean-Martin Charcot who studied hysteria at the Salpetriere hospital in Paris late in the nineteenth century is often portrayed as a great neurologist. According to standard accounts, his female hysterical patients imitated the seizures of epileptic patients at the Salpetriere in order to get attention because of their dramatic, self-centered natures. They were also prone to making false allegations of childhood sexual abuse. In fact, the so-called hysterical seizures were often abreactions of rapes. The patients commonly had extensive childhood sexual abuse histories, and sexual misconduct by doctors was endemic at the Salpetriere...
2016: Journal of Psychohistory
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