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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408109/investigation-of-a-suspected-outbreak-of-lipoatrophia-semicircularis-in-children
#1
Cristina Rius, Eulalia Baselga, Jorge Tizón, Paulina Fuentes, Fania Zamantta Muñoz-Garza, Glòria Roigé, Xavier Llebaria, Joan A Caylà
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Recent reports of outbreaks of lipoatrophia semicircularis (LS) in various countries have generated discussion regarding the potential role of the environmental characteristics of office workplaces in new buildings. The objective of this study was to investigate a suspected outbreak of LS among children in a public school in Barcelona, which generated tremendous alarm. METHODS: We performed an epidemiological assessment including descriptive and prevalence analyses, and an environmental investigation followed by a psychiatric assessment according to Small's criteria...
April 10, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343680/the-medical-itineraries-of-blaise-cendrars-neuropsychiatry-marks-life-and-literature
#2
REVIEW
L Tatu, J Bogousslavsky
Neuropsychiatry had a profound impact on the life and work of one of the most influential French writers of the 20th century, Frédéric Sauser, better known by his pen name Blaise Cendrars (1887-1961). Cendrars, whose right writing hand was amputated after a battlefield wound in 1915, described with acuity his stump pain and phantom limb syndrome. He became a left-handed writer. Between 1956 and his death in 1961, he also suffered two strokes that progressively paralyzed his left side and greatly diminished his ability to speak...
March 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326114/minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-characteristics-of-parricide-offenders-with-schizophrenia-in-korea
#3
Sang Yeop Lee, Myung Ho Lim, Jangkyu Lee, Geumsook Shim, Yeon Kim, Jin Ah Do, Soo Jung Lee, Jong Hyuck Choi, Jae Woo Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the personality characteristics in parricide offenders, by using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) test, which is commonly used in clinical medicine. METHODS: A total of 73 parricide offenders with schizophrenia who were admitted to National Forensic Hospital in Gongju city between September 2014 and February 2015, and 104 comparison schizophrenia patients who had been admitted to Dankook University Hospital in Cheonan city the same hospital, completed the Korean version of the MMPI...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299723/mold-and-human-health-a-reality-check
#4
REVIEW
Andrea T Borchers, Christopher Chang, M Eric Gershwin
There are possibly millions of mold species on earth. The vast majority of these mold spores live in harmony with humans, rarely causing disease. The rare species that does cause disease does so by triggering allergies or asthma, or may be involved in hypersensitivity diseases such as allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis or allergic fungal sinusitis. Other hypersensitivity diseases include those related to occupational or domiciliary exposures to certain mold species, as in the case of Pigeon Breeder's disease, Farmer's lung, or humidifier fever...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286824/the-prevalence-of-personality-disorders-among-emergency-nurses-based-on-mmpi-2-questionnaire-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Parvin Kashani, Sahar Mirbaha, Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar, Farahnaz Meschi, Alireza Baratloo
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of behavioral disorders is substantially higher in stressful working environments such as emergency departments. The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of personality disorders among emergency nurses. METHODS: In the present epidemiologic study, the prevalence of personality disorders among emergency nurses of three educational hospitals, Tehran, Iran, were evaluated based on Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) test...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199426/-translating-hysteria-ptsd-dissociative-subtype
#6
Elena Levy Yeyati
To address the symptoms of depersonalization and derealization a specific dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder has been included in DSM-5. Depersonalization and derealization have been defined as acute and chronic symptoms of dissociative disorders since DSM-III. Dissociative disorders with chronic features are often diagnosed in North America, Canada and other European countries, but this is not the case in Argentina. Dissociative disorders have clinical and historical features that are strongly connected with hysteria...
March 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188845/from-hysteria-to-hope-the-rise-of-head-transplantation
#7
Xiaoping Ren, Sergio Canavero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118340/mass-hysteria
#8
Tim Folger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Scientific American
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070258/a-scientific-correlation-between-dystemprament-in-unani-medicine-and-diseases-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Sepideh Miraj, Sara Kiani
BACKGROUND: Temperament or mezaj refers to four different humors differentiating in individuals and, as a result, proposes specific therapy for their diseases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to overview the scientific correlation between temperaments in Unani medicine and diseases. METHODS: This study was carried out from March 2015 to February 2016. A computerized search of published articles was performed using PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus and Web of Science, and Medline databases as well as local and regional resources between 1983 and 2014...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009112/hyperemersis-gravidarum-past-hysteria-and-present-needs
#10
Jane Daniels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920032/overselling-hysteria-the-role-of-the-media-and-medical-journals-in-promoting-questionable-risks-a-case-study-of-the-testosterone-controversy
#11
Abdulmaged M Traish, Jay C Vance, Abraham Morgentaler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902586/neurological-psychological-and-cognitive-disorders-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-on-conservative-and-replacement-therapy
#12
Silvia Lai, Oriano Mecarelli, Patrizia Pulitano, Roberto Romanello, Leonardo Davi, Alessia Zarabla, Amalia Mariotti, Maria Carta, Giorgia Tasso, Luca Poli, Anna Paola Mitterhofer, Massimo Testorio, Nicla Frassetti, Paola Aceto, Alessandro Galani, Carlo Lai
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a highly prevalent condition in the world. Neurological, psychological, and cognitive disorders, related to CKD, could contribute to the morbidity, mortality, and poor quality of life of these patients. The aim of this study was to assess the neurological, psychological, and cognitive imbalance in patients with CKD on conservative and replacement therapy.Seventy-four clinically stable patients affected by CKD on conservative therapy, replacement therapy (hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD)), or with kidney transplantation (KT) and 25 healthy controls (HC), matched for age and sex were enrolled...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790160/the-neuropsychoanalytic-approach-using-neuroscience-as-the-basic-science-of-psychoanalysis
#13
Brian Johnson, Daniela Flores Mosri
Neuroscience was the basic science behind Freud's psychoanalytic theory and technique. He worked as a neurologist for 20 years before being aware that a new approach to understand complex diseases, namely the hysterias, was needed. Solms coined the term neuropsychoanalysis to affirm that neuroscience still belongs in psychoanalysis. The neuropsychoanalytic field has continued Freud's original ideas as stated in 1895. Developments in psychoanalysis that have been created or revised by the neuropsychoanalysis movement include pain/relatedness/opioids, drive, structural model, dreams, cathexis, and dynamic unconscious...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719857/freud-s-hysteria-and-its-legacy
#14
REVIEW
R A A Kanaan
Though Freud was himself interested in neurologic disorders, the model of hysteria he developed - of the repression of painful experiences, and their conversion into physical symptoms - made the disorder psychiatric, as the increasingly complex explanations came to rely on the "meaning" of events, which could not easily be understood neurologically. This evolved to become a prototype for psychiatric illness more broadly, a model which, though challenged by the First World War, enjoyed great success, notably in the USA, dominating psychiatric thinking for most of the 20th century...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719850/a-brief-history-of-hysteria-from-the-ancient-to-the-modern
#15
REVIEW
M Trimble, E H Reynolds
In this paper we discuss the history of hysteria from the Babylonian and Assyrian texts through to the situation as it appears to us at the end of the 19th century. We note the shifting emphasis on causation, earlier ideas being linked to uterine theories, later speculations moving to the brain, and then the mind. We note the persistence of the condition referred to as hysteria over the millennia and the fascination that the condition has held for physicians, neurologists, and psychiatrists since the origins of known medical texts...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719847/functional-sensory-symptoms
#16
REVIEW
J Stone, M Vermeulen
Functional (psychogenic) sensory symptoms are those in which the patient genuinely experiences alteration or absence of normal sensation in the absence of neurologic disease. The hallmark of functional sensory symptoms is the presence of internal inconsistency revealing a pattern of symptoms governed by abnormally focused attention. In this chapter we review the history of this area, different clinical presentations, diagnosis (including sensitivity of diagnostic tests), treatment, experimental studies, and prognosis...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719844/neurologic-approaches-to-hysteria-psychogenic-and-functional-disorders-from-the-late-19th-century-onwards
#17
REVIEW
J Stone
The history of functional neurologic disorders in the 20th century from the point of view of the neurologist is U-shaped. A flurry of interest between the 1880s and early 1920s gave way to lack of interest, skepticism, and concern about misdiagnosis. This was mirrored by increasing professional and geographic divisions between neurology and psychiatry after the First World War. In the 1990s the advent of imaging and other technology highlighted the positive nature of a functional diagnosis. Having been closer in the early 20th century but later more separate, these disorders are now once again the subject of academic and clinical interest, although arguably still very much on the fringes of neurology and neuropsychiatry...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719832/charcot-hysteria-and-simulated-disorders
#18
REVIEW
C G Goetz
Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) was the 19th-century's premier international neurologist. One of his areas of focused interest was the neurologic disorder, hysteria, a condition with distinctive neurologic signs, but no established structural lesions identified at autopsy. Charcot considered hysteria as a physiologic disorder that affected specific neuroanatomic areas of the brain comparable to the same areas that were damaged by structural neurologic disorders provoking the same or similar signs. He considered hysteria primarily a hereditary disorder, but environmental factors including physical and emotional stress served as provoking factors...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719831/psychologic-theories-in-functional-neurologic-disorders
#19
REVIEW
A Carson, L Ludwig, K Welch
In this chapter we review key psychologic theories that have been mooted as possible explanations for the etiology of functional neurologic symptoms, conversion disorder, and hysteria. We cover Freudian psychoanalysis and later object relations and attachment theories, social theories, illness behavior, classic and operant conditioning, social learning theory, self-regulation theory, cognitive-behavioral theories, and mindfulness. Dissociation and modern cognitive neuroscience theories are covered in other chapters in this series and, although of central importance, are omitted from this chapter...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635031/charles-darwin-s-1809-1882-illness-the-role-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#20
Louis Heyse-Moore
During most of his adult life, in counterpoint to his fame in describing the theory of evolution, Charles Darwin was chronically ill. He consulted many doctors with only limited and temporary success. His symptoms were many and varied. His doctors favoured dyspepsia or suppressed gout as the diagnosis. The Water Cure was only effective initially. Many diagnoses have been proposed by physicians since then. Perhaps he suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), not instead of but as well as other physical problems...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
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