keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Beta Glucans

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141231/molecular-mechanism-by-which-prominent-human-gut-bacteroidetes-utilize-mixed-linkage-beta-glucans-major-health-promoting-cereal-polysaccharides
#1
Kazune Tamura, Glyn R Hemsworth, Guillaume Déjean, Theresa E Rogers, Nicholas A Pudlo, Karthik Urs, Namrata Jain, Gideon J Davies, Eric C Martens, Harry Brumer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104540/oral-supplementation-with-baker-s-yeast-beta-glucan-is-associated-with-altered-monocytes-t-cells-and-cytokines-following-a-bout-of-strenuous-exercise
#2
Brian K McFarlin, Adam S Venable, Katie C Carpenter, Andrea L Henning, Stephan Ogenstad
Exercise and physical labor in extreme environmental conditions causes transient decreases in immune cell and cytokine concentrations, likely increasing the susceptibility to opportunistic infection. Baker's yeast beta glucan (BYBG) has been previously demonstrated to be an effective countermeasure in athletes, but its effectiveness in individuals of average fitness under similar physical stress is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine if 10 days of oral supplementation with BYBG could modify previously observed suppression of monocytes, T cells, circulating and whole blood LPS-stimulated cytokines due to strenuous exercise...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077905/influence-of-different-yeast-cell-wall-preparations-and-their-components-on-performance-and-immune-and-metabolic-pathways-in-clostridium-perfringens-challenged-broiler-chicks
#3
Mohammed M Hashim, Ryan J Arsenault, James A Byrd, Michael H Kogut, Morouj Al-Ajeeli, Christopher A Bailey
A study was conducted to evaluate the influence of the purification of yeast cell wall (YCW) preparations on broiler performance and immunogenic and metabolic pathways under microbial challenge. A total of 240 (day old) chicks were distributed among two battery brooder units (48 pens; 5 birds/pen; 8 replicates/treatment). A basal starter diet was divided into 5 batches to create 6 dietary treatments; non-challenge (NCh-C) and challenge (Ch-C) controls, semi-purified YCW containing cytosol contents (SPYCW; 250 mg/kg), purified YCW (PYCW; 250 mg/kg), 50% purified beta-glucan (BG; 130 mg/kg), and 99...
October 25, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058322/influence-of-different-functional-ingredients-on-physical-properties-rheology-tribology-and-oral-perceptions-of-no-fat-stirred-yoghurt
#4
Sophia Bao Xian Ng, Phuong T M Nguyen, Bhesh Bhandari, Sangeeta Prakash
Effects of adding four functional ingredients: inulin, pectin, galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS), and beta glucan on physical, rheology, tribology and sensory characteristics of skim (0.1% fat) stirred yoghurt were studied. Three levels of each ingredient were chosen: inulin (7%, 8% and 9%), pectin (0.2%, 0.25% and 0.3%), GOS (9.1%, 11.3% and 13.6%), and beta glucan (0.1%, 0.2% and 0.3%). Among the investigated ingredients, inulin and GOS appeared to be preferable choices due to their ability to both reduce syneresis and slightly increase sample lubrication while maintaining texture, rheology and sensory characteristics of skim yoghurt...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044182/long-term-intake-of-pasta-containing-barley-1-3-beta-d-glucan-increases-neovascularization-mediated-cardioprotection-through-endothelial-upregulation-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-and-parkin
#5
Valentina Casieri, Marco Matteucci, Claudia Cavallini, Milena Torti, Michele Torelli, Vincenzo Lionetti
Barley (1-3)β-D-Glucan (BBG) enhances angiogenesis. Since pasta is very effective in providing a BBG-enriched diet, we hypothesized that the intake of pasta containing 3% BBG (P-BBG) induces neovascularization-mediated cardioprotection. Healthy adult male C57BL/6 mice fed P-BBG (n = 15) or wheat pasta (Control, n = 15) for five-weeks showed normal glucose tolerance and cardiac function. With a food intake similar to the Control, P-BBG mice showed a 109% survival rate (P < 0.01 vs. Control) after cardiac ischemia (30 min)/reperfusion (60 min) injury...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036605/survey-of-laboratory-practices-for-diagnosis-of-fungal-infection-in-seven-asian-countries-an-asia-fungal-working-group-afwg-initiative
#6
Ariya Chindamporn, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Ruoyu Li, Pei-Lun Sun, Ban-Hock Tan, Mitzi Chua, Retno Wahyuningsih, Atul Patel, Zhengyin Liu, Yee-Chun Chen, Methee Chayakulkeeree
An online survey of mycology laboratories in seven Asian countries was conducted to assess the status, competence, and services available. Country representatives from the Asia Fungal Working Group (AFWG) contacted as many laboratories performing mycology diagnosis as possible in their respective countries, requesting that the laboratory heads complete the online survey. In total, 241 laboratories responded, including 71 in China, 104 in India, 11 in Indonesia, 26 in the Philippines, four in Singapore, 18 in Taiwan, and seven in Thailand...
September 20, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035040/orally-administered-baker-s-yeast-%C3%AE-glucan-promotes-glucose-and-lipid-homeostasis-in-the-livers-of-obesity-and-diabetes-model-mice
#7
Yan Cao, Ying Sun, Siwei Zou, Mengxia Li, Xiaojuan Xu
Baker's yeast glucan (BYG) has been reported to be an anti-diabetic agent. In the work described herein, further study on the effect of orally administered BYG on glucose and lipid homeostasis in the livers of ob/ob mice was performed. It was found that BYG decreased the blood glucose and the hepatic glucose and lipid disorders. Western blotting analysis revealed that BYG up-regulated p-AKT and p-AMPK, and down-regulated p-Acc in the liver. Furthermore, RNA-Seq analysis indicated that BYG down-regulated genes responsible for gluconeogenesis (G6pase and Got1), fatty acid biosynthesis (Acly, Acc, Fas, etc...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022661/-candida-in-urine-colonization-infection-when-and-how-to-treat
#8
Laurent Christin
Candida is frequently found in urine cultures. Deciding whether this represents simple colonization or true infection is often difficult since Candida is a normal genital and urinary tract commensal. Urinary tract colonization is facilitated by well identified risk factors. The diagnostic of a true infection relies upon the identification of the usual clinical signs which cannot be attributed to another pathogen ; also, plasma level of beta-D-glucan can contribute to confirm the diagnostic. Treatment success depends upon the possibility to correct the risk factors and appropriate anti-fungal therapy according to in vitro susceptibility testing...
October 11, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022634/the-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-agaricus-brasiliensis-is-partly-due-to-its-linoleic-acid-content
#9
Papawee Saiki, Yasuhiro Kawano, Leo J L D Van Griensven, Koyomi Miyazaki
For hundreds of years mushrooms have been used as functional food for health. The basidiomycete Agaricus brasiliensis (A. brasiliensis) is famous for the medicinal properties of its beta glucans and of its antioxidants. Most researchers have studied polysaccharides from A. brasiliensis for their anti-inflammatory activity. However, active compounds from this mushroom have not yet been studied for the inactivation of NO inhibitory activity. The present study aimed to find the active compounds from A. brasiliensis for their NO inhibitory activity related inflammatory activity...
October 12, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020628/molecular-mechanism-by-which-prominent-human-gut-bacteroidetes-utilize-mixed-linkage-beta-glucans-major-health-promoting-cereal-polysaccharides
#10
Kazune Tamura, Glyn R Hemsworth, Guillaume Déjean, Theresa E Rogers, Nicholas A Pudlo, Karthik Urs, Namrata Jain, Gideon J Davies, Eric C Martens, Harry Brumer
Microbial utilization of complex polysaccharides is a major driving force in shaping the composition of the human gut microbiota. There is a growing appreciation that finely tuned polysaccharide utilization loci enable ubiquitous gut Bacteroidetes to thrive on the plethora of complex polysaccharides that constitute "dietary fiber." Mixed-linkage β(1,3)/β(1,4)-glucans (MLGs) are a key family of plant cell wall polysaccharides with recognized health benefits but whose mechanism of utilization has remained unclear...
October 10, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964548/beta-glucans-and-cancer-the-influence-of-inflammation-and-gut-peptide
#11
REVIEW
Sara Baldassano, Giulia Accardi, Sonya Vasto
Dietary β-glucans are soluble fibers with potentially health-promoting effects. Gut peptides are important signals in the regulation of energy and glucose homeostasis. This article reviews the effects of different enriched β-glucan food consumption on immune responses, inflammation, gut hormone and cancer. Gut hormones are influenced by enriched β-glucan food consumption and levels of such peptide as YY, ghrelin, glucagon-like peptide 1 and 2 in humans influence serum glucose concentration as well as innate and adaptive immunity...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935121/treatment-of-acute-ocular-chemical-burns
#12
REVIEW
Namrata Sharma, Manpreet Kaur, Tushar Agarwal, Virender S Sangwan, Rasik B Vajpayee
Ocular chemical burns are an ophthalmic emergency and are responsible for 11.5% to 22.1% of ocular injuries. Immediate copious irrigation is universally recommended in acute ocular burns to remove the offending agent and minimize damage. Conventional medical therapy consists of the use of agents that promote epithelialization, minimize inflammation, and prevent cicatricial complications. Biological fluids such as autologous serum, umbilical cord blood serum, platelet-rich plasma, and amniotic membrane suspension are a rich source of growth factors and promote healing when used as adjuncts to conventional therapy...
September 18, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928505/technological-and-sensorial-role-of-yeast-%C3%AE-glucan-in-meat-batter-reformulations
#13
Paul Mihai Apostu, Tamara Elena Mihociu, Anca Ioana Nicolau
This study shows that apart from acting as nutritional value improver, yeast β-glucan can be successfully used to reformulate meat products. When added to meat batters, yeast derived ingredients containing β-glucans (GOLDCELL(®) IY B and GOLDCELL(®) BETA GLUCAN) improved the emulsifying capacity (up to 5 increments), the water holding capacity (up to 8 increments) as well as the emulsion stability. A decrease in total fluid release up to 4.30% and 3.99%, respectively with GOLDCELL(®) IY B and GOLDCELL(®) BETA GLUCAN respectively, at 1...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926153/comparative-and-population-genomic-landscape-of-phellinus-noxius-a-hypervariable-fungus-causing-root-rot-in-trees
#14
Chia-Lin Chung, Tracy J Lee, Mitsuteru Akiba, Hsin-Han Lee, Tzu-Hao Kuo, Dang Liu, Huei-Mien Ke, Toshiro Yokoi, Marylette B Roa, Mei-Yeh J Lu, Ya-Yun Chang, Pao-Jen Ann, Jyh-Nong Tsai, Chien-Yu Chen, Shean-Shong Tzean, Yuko Ota, Tsutomu Hattori, Norio Sahashi, Ruey-Fen Liou, Taisei Kikuchi, Isheng J Tsai
The order Hymenochaetales of white rot fungi contain some of the most aggressive wood decayers causing tree deaths around the world. Despite their ecological importance and the impact of diseases they cause, little is known about the evolution and transmission patterns of these pathogens. Here, we sequenced and undertook comparative genomic analyses of Hymenochaetales genomes using brown root rot fungus Phellinus noxius, wood-decomposing fungus Phellinus lamaensis, laminated root rot fungus Phellinus sulphurascens and trunk pathogen Porodaedalea pini...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870313/long-wavelength-near-infrared-transmission-spectroscopy-of-barley-seeds-using-a-supercontinuum-laser-prediction-of-mixed-linkage-beta-glucan-content
#15
Tine Ringsted, Jacob Ramsay, Birthe M Jespersen, Søren R Keiding, Søren B Engelsen
A supercontinuum laser was used to perform the first transmission measurements on intact seeds with long wavelength near-infrared spectroscopy. A total of 105 barley seeds from five different barley genotypes (Bomi, lys5.f, lys5.g, lys16 and lys95) were measured from 2275 to 2375 nm. The mixed-linkage (1→3,1→4)-β-D-glucan (BG) and protein content was measured with wet chemical analysis for each single seed. A partial least squares model correlated the BG % (w/w) with the spectral measurements with a R(2)CV and R(2)PRED of 0...
September 15, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842373/ontogeny-and-modulation-after-pamps-stimulation-of-%C3%AE-defensin-hepcidin-and-piscidin-antimicrobial-peptides-in-meagre-argyrosomus-regius
#16
Cindy Campoverde, Douglas J Milne, Alicia Estévez, Neil Duncan, Christopher J Secombes, Karl B Andree
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), components of innate immunity, play an important role in protecting fish. In this study we report the molecular cloning of full open reading frames and characterization of expression of three AMP genes (β-defensin (defb), hepcidin (hep2), piscidin (pisc) in meagre (Argyrosomus regius). A phylogenetic analysis of the expressed sequences obtained shows the defensin isoform forms a clade with the other members of the beta class of this family, hepcidin corresponds to hepcidin 2, and piscidin corresponds to class I of its respective family...
August 24, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756506/high-and-low-molecular-weight-oat-beta-glucan-reveals-antitumor-activity-in-human-epithelial-lung-cancer
#17
Anna Choromanska, Julita Kulbacka, Joanna Harasym, Remigiusz Oledzki, Anna Szewczyk, Jolanta Saczko
Beta-glucans are widely used in treatment, cosmetics, and the food industry. Glucans play a significant role in activation of the immune and antioxidant system and inhibiting tumor proliferation. In the current study the antitumor activities of new high and low molecular weight beta-glucan derived from oats were investigated in two human lung cancer cell line (A549, H69AR) and normal keratinocytes (HaCaT). The effect of high and low molecular weight beta-glucan from oat was evaluated by cellular viability assessment, lipid peroxidation and manganese superoxide dismutase evaluation and cytoskeleton visualisation...
July 29, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729759/transcriptome-wide-identification-and-characterization-of-starch-branching-enzyme-in-finger-millet
#18
Rajhans Tyagi, Apoorv Tiwari, Vijay Kumar Garg, Sanjay Gupta
Starch-branching enzymes (SBEs) are one of the four major enzyme classes involved in starch biosynthesis in plants and play an important role in determining the structure and physical properties of starch granules. Multiple SBEs are involved in starch biosynthesis in plants. Finger millet is calcium rich important serial crop belongs to grass family and the transcriptome data of developing spikes is available on NCBI. In this study it was try to find out the gene sequence of starch branching enzyme and annotate the sequence and submit the sequence for further use...
2017: Bioinformation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724171/beta-glucan-inositol-and-digestive-enzymes-improve-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#19
R Spagnuolo, C Cosco, R M Mancina, G Ruggiero, P Garieri, V Cosco, P Doldo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a mixture of beta-glucan, inositol and digestive enzymes in improving gastrointestinal symptoms in patients affected by inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted at the IBD Unit of the University of Catanzaro. Forty-three IBD patients with IBS symptoms were included in the study. IBD diagnosis was performed by clinical, endoscopic, histological and radiological criteria...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675291/efficacy-of-carboxymethyl-beta-glucan-in-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#20
Patrizia Stentella, Alberto Biamonti, Carlo Carraro, Paolo Inghirami, Pasquale Mancino, Daniela Pietrangeli, Sergio Votano, Paola Lazzari, Caterina DE Medici
BACKGROUND: Persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection constitutes the principal risk factor for the development of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and cervical cancer. For this reason, new drugs have been studied to support the host immune system against the HPV infection. The aim of this retrospective, case-control study was to detect the efficacy and safety of carboxymethyl β-glucan (Colpofix®) gel as adjuvant therapy in HPV infection. METHODS: The medical records of patients attending the Colposcopy Service of four hospitals in Rome from 2011 to 2013 were collected...
October 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
keyword
keyword
73370
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"