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Sexuality and parkinson

Paola Perozzo, Adriana Salatino, Paolo Cerrato, Raffaella Ricci
Mood, anxiety, and other psychological symptoms are common in dystonic patients suffering from blepharospasm (BSP) and spasmodic torticollis (ST). Since sexual well-being is an important aspect of mental health, here, we investigated whether these patients may also experience a worsening of their sexual life. In particular, quality of sexual life was evaluated in patients suffering from BSP (N = 30), ST (N = 30), and in a control group of patient with Hemifacial spasm (HFS; N = 30), undergoing botulinum toxin type A therapy...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Xia Deng, Chun-Yan Tang, Jie Zhang, Lei Zhu, Zun-Chun Xie, Hong-Han Gong, Xiang-Zuo Xiao, Ren-Shi Xu
The cortical thickness has gained an extensive attention as a pathological alteration of sporadic Parkinson's disease (sPD), the alteration of pathological cortical thickness may distinctly contribute to the consistent clinical manifestations. Therefore, we investigated the cortical thickness correlates of clinical manifestations in the mid-stage sPD from the Han population of Chinese mainland (HPCM). A sample of 67 mid-stage sPD patients and 35 matched controls from HPCM were performed a corticometry of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the assessment of clinical manifestations including the demographic and disease-related characteristics, and underwent the final analysis of the cortical thickness correlates with the clinical manifestations...
October 28, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Ju Young Shin, Ryan T Pohlig, Barbara Habermann
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease with a wide range of symptom presentations. The purpose of this research was to compare self-reported motor and non-motor symptoms of PD by sex and disease duration. This study was a cross-sectional descriptive survey in community-dwelling people with PD. A total of 141 participants (64.6% response rate; 59.6% men; Mage = 69.7 years) were included. Males reported more rigidity, speech problems, sexual dysfunction, memory problems, and socializing problems than females...
September 23, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Qimei Wu, Xiaoyu Yang, Yu Zhang, Lei Zhang, Linyin Feng
Daily stress is associated with increased risk for various diseases, and numerous studies have provided evidence that environmental stress leads to deleterious effects on the central nervous system. However, it remains unclear whether chronic stress exacerbates the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD). To investigate this hypothesis, we determined the effect of chronic mild stress (CMS) on the pathogenesis of PD in a transgenic mice line that overexpresses the human A53T mutant α-synuclein (A53T Tg mice)...
November 2016: Experimental Neurology
Francesca Morgante, Alfonso Fasano, Monia Ginevrino, Simona Petrucci, Lucia Ricciardi, Francesco Bove, Chiara Criscuolo, Marcello Moccia, Anna De Rosa, Chiara Sorbera, Anna Rita Bentivoglio, Paolo Barone, Giuseppe De Michele, Maria Teresa Pellecchia, Enza Maria Valente
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this multicenter, case-control study was to investigate the prevalence and severity of impulsive-compulsive behaviors (ICBs) in a cohort of patients with parkin-associated Parkinson disease (PD) compared to a group of patients without the mutation. METHODS: We compared 22 patients with biallelic parkin mutations (parkin-PD) and 26 patients negative for parkin, PINK1, DJ-1, and GBA mutations (PD-NM), matched for age at onset, disease duration, levodopa, and dopamine agonist equivalent daily dose...
October 4, 2016: Neurology
Ulf Simonsen, Simon Comerma-Steffensen, Karl-Erik Andersson
The currently recommended first-line treatments of erectile dysfunction, phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5i), e.g. sildenafil, are efficacious in many patients with erectile dysfunction of vascular origin, but this therapy is insufficient in approximately 30-40% of men with erectile dysfunction where there is also a neuronal affection. There is a demand of novel approaches to treat the condition. We review the possibility of modulating the dopaminergic pathways to improve erectile function. Dopamine D1 (D1 , D5 )-and D2 (D2 -D4 )-like receptors in the paraventricular area, the medial preoptic area, the spinal cord, and in the erectile tissue are involved in erection, and several agonists developed for treatment of Parkinson's disease are associated with increased libido...
August 19, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Sara Varanda, Joana Ribeiro da Silva, Ana Sofia Costa, Cristiana Amorim de Carvalho, José Nuno Alves, Margarida Rodrigues, Gisela Carneiro
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction in women with Parkinson's disease is poorly understood and research in this area is scarce. The objectives of this study were sexual function characterization in female Parkinson's disease patients, description of sexual dysfunctions, correlation with disease characteristics, and comparison with matched healthy controls. METHODS: Social and demographic data from consecutive female patients with Parkinson's disease and matched healthy controls were collected...
August 8, 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Rwei-Ling Yu, Chun-Hsiang Tan, Ying-Che Lu, Ruey-Meei Wu
Neurotransmitter degradation has been proposed to cause the accumulation of neurotoxic metabolites. The metabolism of these metabolites involves aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2). The Asian-specific single nucleotide polymorphism rs671 causes reduced enzyme activity. This study aims to explore whether Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with reduced ALDH2 activity owing to the rs671 polymorphism are at risk for neuropsychological impairments. A total of 139 PD patients were recruited. Each participant was assessed for medical characteristics and their ALDH2 genotype...
2016: Scientific Reports
A Antonini, K R Chaudhuri, B Boroojerdi, M Asgharnejad, L Bauer, F Grieger, D Weintraub
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dopamine agonists in Parkinson's disease (PD) are associated with impulse control disorders (ICDs) and other compulsive behaviours (together called ICD behaviours). The frequency of ICD behaviours reported as adverse events (AEs) in long-term studies of rotigotine transdermal patch in PD was evaluated. METHODS: This was a post hoc analysis of six open-label extension studies up to 6 years in duration. Analyses included patients treated with rotigotine for at least 6 months and administered the modified Minnesota Impulse Disorders Interview...
October 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Ruwei Ou, Wei Song, Qianqian Wei, Ke Chen, Bei Cao, Yanbing Hou, Bi Zhao, Huifang Shang
Objectives. To explore the clinical correlates of nonmotor symptoms (NMS) in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and their differences from healthy controls and patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods. Twenty-seven PSP patients, 27 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (HC), and 27 age- and gender-matched PD patients were included for this case-control study. NMS were assessed using the Nonmotor Symptoms Scale (NMSS, including 9 domains). Results. All PSP patients reported NMS. The frequency and severity of "sleep/fatigue," "mood/apathy," "attention/memory," "gastrointestinal," "sexual dysfunction," and "miscellaneous" domains in PSP group were significantly higher than those in HC group (P < 0...
2016: Parkinson's Disease
Márton Kovács, Attila Makkos, Zsuzsanna Aschermann, József Janszky, Sámuel Komoly, Rita Weintraut, Kázmér Karádi, Norbert Kovács
Background. Female Parkinson's disease (PD) patients seem to experience not only more severe motor complications and postural instability but also more pronounced depression, anxiety, pain, and sleep disturbances. Objective. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of sex as a possible independent predictor of HRQoL in PD. Methods. In this cross-sectional study, 621 consecutive patients treated at the University of Pécs were enrolled. Severity of PD symptoms was assessed by MDS-UPDRS, UDysRS, Non-Motor Symptoms Scale, PDSS-2, Hamilton Anxiety Scale, Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale, Lille Apathy Rating Scale, and Addenbrooke Cognitive Examination...
2016: Parkinson's Disease
Tuba Özcan, Erdal Benli, Feriha Özer, Esra Yancar Demir, Yasemin Kaya, Ali Ayyıldız
OBJECTIVE: Age at onset in Parkinson's disease (PD) seems to be related nonmotor symptoms. In this study we investigated the effect of the age at onset on symptoms of sexual dysfunction (SSD) in patients with PD. METHODS: This prospective study comprised 22 consecutive outpatients with early onset PD (EOPD-onset of the disease before 55 years), and 66 outpatients with late onset PD (LOPD-onset of PD over 55 years). They were all recruited from the Department of Movement Disorders, Clinic of Neurology...
June 2016: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
Stephen Mock, David J Osborn, Elizabeth T Brown, W Stuart Reynolds, Maxim Turchan, Srivatsan Pallavaram, William Rodriguez, Roger Dmochowski, Christopher M Tolleson
OBJECTIVE: Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is an established adjunctive surgical intervention for treating Parkinson's disease (PD) motor symptoms. Both surgical targets, the globus pallidus interna (GPi) and subthalamic nucleus (STN), appear equally beneficial when treating motor symptoms but effects on nonmotor symptoms are not clear. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are a common PD complaint. Given prior data in STN-DBS, we aimed to further explore potential benefits in LUTS in both targets...
May 12, 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Hélio A G Teive, Adriana Moro, Mariana Moscovich, Renato P Munhoz
UNLABELLED: Increased of sexual arousal (ISA) has been described in different neurological diseases. The purpose of this study was present a case series of ISA in patients with movement disorders. METHOD: Fifteen patients with different forms of movement disorders (Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, Tourette's syndrome, spinocerebellar ataxia type 3), were evaluated in the Movement Disorders Unit of the Federal University of Paraná. RESULTS: Among Parkinson's disease patients there were seven cases with different forms of ISA due to dopaminergic agonist use, levodopa abuse, and deep brain stimulation (DBS)...
April 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Leila Sellami, Imen Kacem, Amina Nasri, Mouna Ben Djebara, Youssef Sidhom, Amina Gargouri, Riadh Gouider
Non-motor symptoms (NMS) of Parkinson Disease (PD) are common and can cause severe disability. They are often under-recognized and remain untreated. Tools to evaluate these symptoms in Arabic-speaking patients are still lacking. The objective of this study was to evaluate an Arabic version of the non-motor symptoms scale (NMSS) of PD as an instrument for measuring NMS in Arabic-speaking patients. Sixty-two PD patients clustered around Hoehn & Yahr Stages 2-3 were evaluated by the Arabic version of NMSS. They also underwent a battery of standard psychometric assessment measures that included the scales for outcomes of Parkinson's disease-autonomic (SCOPA-AUT), the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), the Beck depression inventory, the geriatric depression scale (GDS), the mini-mental state examination (MMSE), the visual analogical scale for pain(VAS) and the neuro-psychiatric inventory (NPI)...
June 2016: Neurological Sciences
D Mété, C Dafreville, V Paitel, P Wind
INTRODUCTION: Aripiprazole, an atypical or second-generation antipsychotic, is usually well tolerated. It is an approved treatment for schizophrenia and mania in bipolar disorder type 1. Unlike the other antipsychotics, it has high affinity agonist properties for dopamine D2 and D3 receptors. It has also 5-HT1A partial agonist and 5-HT2A antagonist properties. Aripiprazole is a first or second line treatment frequently used because it has reduced side effects such as weight gain, sleepiness, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, hyperprolactinemia and extrapyramidal symptoms...
June 2016: L'Encéphale
Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, Lucy Gee, James Boyd, José Biller
Impulse control disorders (ICDs) including compulsive gambling, buying, sexual behaviors, and eating occur relatively frequently in Parkinson disease (PD) with at least one ICD identified in 14% of PD patients in a large, multicenter, observational study. ICDs behaviors range widely in severity but can lead to catastrophic consequences, including financial ruin, divorce, loss of employment, and increased health risks. The main risk factor for ICDs in PD is the use of Dopamine agonists (DAs) and discontinuation of the offending agent is considered first line treatment...
2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Renata S Auriemma, Ludovica F S Grasso, Rosario Pivonello, Annamaria Colao
INTRODUCTION: Prolactinomas are the most common hormone-secreting pituitary tumors, accounting for approximately 40% of all pituitary tumors. Infertility, gonadal and sexual dysfunction are usually the most relevant clinical features in both sexes. AREA COVERED: This review focuses on safety and tolerability of therapeutic approaches for prolactinomas. Complications from trans-sphenoidal surgery vary depending on tumor size, and mortality rate ranges 0.6%-31% for patients with microprolactinomas and macroprolactinoms, respectively...
2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
Atbin Djamshidian, Werner Poewe, Birgit Högl
Sleep disturbances are common in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and are even more prevalent in patients with behavioural addictions, such as pathological gambling, compulsive sexual behaviour, compulsive buying, binge eating, punding, and the compulsive use of dopamine replacement therapy. An overview of the relationship between these impulse control disorders and sleep disturbances is given and potential underlying mechanisms and treatment strategies are covered.
2015: Parkinson's Disease
Inga Liepelt-Scarfone, Andrea Pilotto, Katharina Müller, Christian Bormann, Katharina Gauss, Isabel Wurster, Johannes Streffer, Daniela Berg
Aim of this project was to evaluate autonomic dysfunction in subjects proposed to be at high risk to develop Parkinson's disease (PD) compared to control subjects and PD patients at different disease stages. Combinations of substantia nigra hyperechogenicity (SN+) assessed by transcranial ultrasound (TCS), hyposmia, lifetime prevalence of depression and mild PD-specific motor signs were used to identify subjects at high risk for motor Parkinson's disease (HR-PD). Supine and standing blood pressure (BP), hearth rate (HR), orthostatic, urinary, sexual and bowel symptoms were evaluated in HR-PD, healthy control subjects and PD patients, divided into mild and advanced stages...
December 2015: Journal of Neurology
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