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Cancer hematology oncology

Lorena Arribas, Laura Hurtós, Maria José Sendrós, Inmaculada Peiró, Neus Salleras, Eduard Fort, Jose Manuel Sánchez-Migallón
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to design a new nutritional screening tool (NUTRISCORE) to detect nutritional risk in outpatients with cancer. METHODS: A multicenter, cross-sectional study was conducted. We randomly selected outpatients receiving onco-specific, palliative, or symptomatic treatment for malignant neoplasms (including solid tumors and hematologic malignancies). These patients were assessed using the NUTRISCORE tool, the Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST), and the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) to detect risk for malnutrition...
August 13, 2016: Nutrition
Christopher A Benner, Erika Mora, Emily Mueller, F Jacob Seagull, Kelly Walkovich, Kaleena Johnson, Schuyler Halverson, Ed Rothman, George Hucks, John G Younger, Michele M Nypaver
OBJECTIVES: Febrile neutropenic pediatric patients are at heightened risk for serious bacterial infections, and rapid antibiotic administration (in <60 minutes) improves survival. Our objectives were to reduce the time-to-antibiotic (TTA) administration and to evaluate the effect of overall emergency department (ED) busyness on TTA. METHODS: This study was a quality improvement initiative with retrospective chart review to reduce TTA in febrile children with underlying diagnosis of cancer or hematologic immunodeficiency who visited the pediatric ED...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Ei-Ichiro Takaoka, Jun Miyazaki, Hitoshi Ishikawa, Koji Kawai, Tomokazu Kimura, Ryutaro Ishitsuka, Takahiro Kojima, Reiko Kanuma, Daichi Takizawa, Toshiyuki Okumura, Hideyuki Sakurai, Hiroyuki Nishiyama
OBJECTIVE: We retrospectively elucidated the oncological outcomes, prognostic factors and toxicities of proton beam therapy in trimodal bladder-preserving therapy for muscle-invasive bladder cancer at our institution. METHODS: From 1990 to 2015, 70 patients with cT2-3N0M0 muscle-invasive bladder cancer underwent trimodal bladder-preserving therapy consisting of maximal transurethral resection of the bladder tumor, small pelvis photon irradiation, intra-arterial chemotherapy and proton beam therapy...
October 13, 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
Paola Friedrich, Catherine G Lam, Geetinder Kaur, Elena Itriago, Raul C Ribeiro, Ramandeep S Arora
BACKGROUND: Understanding and addressing treatment abandonment (TxA) is crucial for bridging the pediatric cancer survival gap between high-income (HIC) and low-and middle-income countries (LMC). In childhood cancer, TxA is defined as failure to start or complete curative cancer therapy and known to be a complex phenomenon. With rising interest on causes and consequences of TxA in LMC, this study aimed to establish the lay-of-the-land regarding determinants of TxA globally, perform and promote comparative research, and raise awareness on this subject...
2016: PloS One
M P Economides, P Mahale, A Kyvernitakis, F Turturo, H Kantarjian, A Naing, J Hosry, T L Shigle, A Kaseb, H A Torres
BACKGROUND: Antiviral therapy improves hepatic outcomes in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected cancer patients. However, such patients are not treated simultaneously with antivirals and chemotherapy, owing to overlapping toxicities with previous standard of care treatment of pegylated interferon and ribavirin. AIM: To examine the safety and clinically-significant drug-drug interactions observed in patients who received simultaneous treatment with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) and chemotherapy...
October 11, 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
M Roskies, E Kay-Rivest, M A Mascarella, K Sultanem, A Mlynarek, M Hier
BACKGROUND: A commonly employed treatment for advanced staged oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is concurrent radiation and chemotherapy with cisplatin as the gold standard. Carboplatin is reported to have the same radiopotentiation properties and a superior side effect profile; however, its use in head and neck cancer has been limited due to the paucity of data and reported hematologic side effects. In this study, we describe our institution's experience with carboplatin, paclitaxel and radiation in the treatment of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma over a 10 year period...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Lizana Arend Henrique, Isabela de Carlos Back
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with early mortality from cancer in adolescents and young adults in a reference institution for oncology treatment in Santa Catarina, Brazil. METHODS: We studied a retrospective cohort with an intentional sample of adolescents (ages 15-19) and young adults (ages 20-29) diagnosed with neoplasia. Secondary data were acquired from January 2002 to December 2013. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression methods were used for survival analysis...
October 3, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
K Govind Babu, D Lokanatha, K C Lakshmaiah, M C Suresh Babu, Linu A Jacob, Gita R Bhat, Harsha Vardhana, Mahua Sinha, B R Vijaykumar, B G Sumati, R S Jayshree
INTRODUCTION: Febrile neutropenia (FN) is an oncological emergency. The choice of empiric therapy depends on the locally prevalent pathogens and their sensitivities, the sites of infection, and cost. The Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines are being followed for the management of FN in India. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study conducted at a tertiary care cancer centre from September 2012 to September 2014. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were as follows: (1) To review the pattern of microbial flora, susceptibility pattern, and important clinical variables among bloodstream infections in febrile neutropenic patients with solid tumors and hematological malignancies...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
Jorrit W van As, Henk van den Berg, Elvira C van Dalen
BACKGROUND: Platinum-based therapy, including cisplatin, carboplatin, oxaliplatin or a combination of these, is used to treat a variety of paediatric malignancies. One of the most important adverse effects is the occurrence of hearing loss or ototoxicity. In an effort to prevent this ototoxicity, different otoprotective medical interventions have been studied. This review is the second update of a previously published Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of medical interventions to prevent hearing loss and to determine possible effects of these interventions on anti-tumour efficacy, toxicities other than hearing loss and quality of life in children with cancer treated with platinum-based therapy...
September 27, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sarah Schroyen, Manon Marquet, Guy Jerusalem, Benoît Dardenne, Marjan Van den Akker, Frank Buntinx, Stéphane Adam, Pierre Missotten
OBJECTIVES: Older people may suffer from stigmas linked to cancer and aging. Although some studies suggested that a negative view of cancer may increase the level of depression, such an association has never been studied in the elderly population. Similarly, even though it is established that a negative self-perception of aging has deleterious consequences on mental and physical health in normal aging, the influence in pathological contexts, such as oncology, has not been studied. The main aim of this study is thus to analyze the effect of these two stigmas on the health of elderly oncology patients...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Dorothea Evers, Jaap Jan Zwaginga, Janneke Tijmensen, Rutger A Middelburg, Masja de Haas, Karen M K de Vooght, Daan van de Kerkhof, Otto Visser, Nathalie C V Péquériaux, Francisca Hudig, Johanna G van der Bom
Red cell alloimmunization may induce severe hemolytic side effects. Identification of risk modifying conditions will help tailor preventative strategies. This study aims to quantify the associations of hematological malignancies and solid cancers with red cell alloimmunization in patients receiving red cell transfusions. We performed a nested multicenter case-control study in a source population of 24,063 patients receiving their first and subsequent red cell transfusions during an eight year follow-up period...
September 15, 2016: Haematologica
Vid Mlakar, Patricia Huezo-Diaz Curtis, Chakradhara Rao Satyanarayana Uppugunduri, Maja Krajinovic, Marc Ansari
During the 3rd congress of the European Society of Pharmacogenomics and Personalised Therapy (ESPT) in Budapest in 2015, a preliminary meeting was held aimed at establishing a pediatric individualized treatment in oncology and hematology committees. The main purpose was to facilitate the transfer and harmonization of pharmacogenetic testing from research into clinics, to bring together basic and translational research and to educate health professionals throughout Europe. The objective of this review was to provide the attendees of the meeting as well as the larger scientific community an insight into the compiled evidence regarding current pharmacogenomics knowledge in pediatric oncology...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Mildred Vicente, Mohammad Al Nahedh, Sandeep Parsad, Randall W Knoebel, Jennifer Pisano, Natasha N Pettit
OBJECTIVES: Febrile neutropenia management guidelines recommend the use of vancomycin as part of an empiric antimicrobial regimen when specific criteria are met. Often, vancomycin use among patients with febrile neutropenia is not indicated and may be over utilized for this indication. We sought to evaluate the impact of implementing a febrile neutropenia clinical pathway on empiric vancomycin use for febrile neutropenia and to identify predictors of vancomycin use when not indicated...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Joshua E Allen, C Leah B Kline, Varun V Prabhu, Jessica Wagner, Jo Ishizawa, Neel Madhukar, Avital Lev, Marie Baumeister, Lanlan Zhou, Amriti Lulla, Martin Stogniew, Lee Schalop, Cyril Benes, Howard L Kaufman, Richard S Pottorf, B Rao Nallaganchu, Gary L Olson, Fahd Al-Mulla, Madeleine Duvic, Gen Sheng Wu, David T Dicker, Mala K Talekar, Bora Lim, Olivier Elemento, Wolfgang Oster, Joseph Bertino, Keith Flaherty, Michael L Wang, Gautam Borthakur, Michael Andreeff, Mark Stein, Wafik S El-Deiry
ONC201 is the founding member of a novel class of anti-cancer compounds called imipridones that is currently in Phase II clinical trials in multiple advanced cancers. Since the discovery of ONC201 as a p53-independent inducer of TRAIL gene transcription, preclinical studies have determined that ONC201 has anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects against a broad range of tumor cells but not normal cells. The mechanism of action of ONC201 involves engagement of PERK-independent activation of the integrated stress response, leading to tumor upregulation of DR5 and dual Akt/ERK inactivation, and consequent Foxo3a activation leading to upregulation of the death ligand TRAIL...
September 1, 2016: Oncotarget
Paolo Indolfi, Serena Picazio, Silverio Perrotta, Francesca Rossi, Andrea Pession, Martina Di Martino, Elvira Pota, Daniela Di Pinto, Cristiana Indolfi, Roberto Rondelli, Francesco Vetrano, Fiorina Casale
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer is relatively uncommon and the European age-standardized rate was 164 new case per million per year among children 0 to 14 years of age (95 % CI 158-170). Aims of our study are to evaluate the cases of these malignant diseases observed between 0 and 15 years of age in the Campania region between 1990 and 2014, the ration between observed and expected cases by disease and province of residence. Also we studied the percentage of extra-regional migration over the time by disease and province of residence...
2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Tamara Diesch, Nicolas Xavier von der Weid, Gabor Szinnai, Sabine Schaedelin, Christian De Geyter, Alicia Rovó
Fertility preservation (FP) is an important topic of discussion in the field of oncology, particularly in pediatric oncology. Despite the awareness of severe impact of infertility on quality of life and different guidelines available in this area, the options in FP are not routinely discussed with the pediatric cancer patients and their parents. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first survey report concerned to FP counseling and procedures in pediatric and adolescent cancer patients in Switzerland. This survey was conducted from June 2014 to October 2014 on the counseling and procedures performed between 2009 and 2013; the questionnaire was completed by one of the professional from hematology/oncology centers in Switzerland...
October 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
Fawzia E Al-Otaibi, Elham E Bukhari, Mona Badr, Abdulkarim A Alrabiaa
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the epidemiology, risk factors, and antibiotic resistance of Gram negative bacteria (GNB) in patients with hematologic or solid organ malignancies.   METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 61 episodes of GNB bacteremia occurring in 56 patients with malignancy admitted to the Oncology Units in King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia during the period from January 2013 to October 2015. Data were retrieved from the computerized database of the microbiology laboratory and the patient's medical records...
September 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
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