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Chronic diseases nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915880/the-value-of-the-brazilian-a%C3%A3-ai-fruit-as-a-therapeutic-nutritional-strategy-for-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#1
REVIEW
Isabelle C V S Martins, Natália A Borges, Peter Stenvinkel, Bengt Lindholm, Hervé Rogez, Maria C N Pinheiro, José L M Nascimento, Denise Mafra
Açai (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) fruit from the Amazon region in Brazil contains bioactive compounds such as α-tocopherol, anthocyanins (cyanidin 3-glycoside and cyanidin 3-rutinoside), and other flavonoids with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Moreover, the prebiotic activity of anthocyanins in modulating the composition of gut microbiota has emerged as an additional mechanism by which anthocyanins exert health-promoting effects. Açai consumption may be a nutritional therapeutic strategy for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients since these patients present with oxidative stress, inflammation, and dysbiosis...
June 18, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915268/low-circulating-chemerin-levels-correlate-with-hepatic-dysfunction-and-increased-mortality-in-decompensated-liver-cirrhosis
#2
Paul Horn, Christian von Loeffelholz, Franziska Forkert, Sven Stengel, Philipp Reuken, René Aschenbach, Andreas Stallmach, Tony Bruns
Nutritional status, infections, inflammation and extrahepatic organ dysfunction are critical factors for the progression of chronic liver disease. Chemerin is an immune-metabolically and chemotactically active adipokine and we hypothesized that it is associated with disease severity and prognosis in patients with advanced decompensated cirrhosis. Therefore, we measured serum concentrations of chemerin in a prospectively characterized cohort of 80 patients with decompensated cirrhosis and ascites and assessed the associations with markers of disease severity and short-term outcome at 28 days...
June 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914153/dietary-influence-on-body-fluid-acid-base-and-volume-balance-the-deleterious-norm-furthers-and-cloaks-subclinical-pathophysiology
#3
Qi Qian
The popular modern diet, characterized by an excess of animal protein and salt but insufficient in fruits, vegetables and water, is a poor fit for human physiological and homeostatic regulatory systems. Sustained net acid and sodium retention, coupled with an insufficient intake of cardiovascular protective potassium-rich foods and hydration in the modern diet can give rise to debilitating chronic organ dysfunction and ultimately, mortality. This holds true, especially in our aging population who are already facing inevitable decline in organ functional reserve...
June 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912268/diet-quality-indices-and-leukocyte-telomere-length-among-healthy-us-adults-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys-nhanes-1999-2002
#4
Cindy W Leung, Teresa T Fung, Claire T McEvoy, Jue Lin, Elissa S Epel
Aging is the biggest risk factor for the development of chronic diseases. Telomere length may represent one important mechanism by which dietary intake influences age-related diseases; however, it is unknown which diet pattern is most strongly related to telomere length. We compared the relations between four evidence-based diet quality indices and leukocyte telomere length in a nationally representative sample of healthy adults, and the extent to which these associations differ between men and women. Data came from 4,758 adults, aged 20-65 years, with no prior diagnosis of major chronic disease, from the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES)...
June 15, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912173/deep-artificial-neural-networks-for-the-diagnostic-of-caries-using-socioeconomic-and-nutritional-features-as-determinants-data-from-nhanes-2013%C3%A2-2014
#5
Laura A Zanella-Calzada, Carlos E Galván-Tejada, Nubia M Chávez-Lamas, Jesús Rivas-Gutierrez, Rafael Magallanes-Quintanar, Jose M Celaya-Padilla, Jorge I Galván-Tejada, Hamurabi Gamboa-Rosales
Oral health represents an essential component in the quality of life of people, being a determinant factor in general health since it may affect the risk of suffering other conditions, such as chronic diseases. Oral diseases have become one of the main public health problems, where dental caries is the condition that most affects oral health worldwide, occurring in about 90% of the global population. This condition has been considered a challenge because of its high prevalence, besides being a chronic but preventable disease which can be caused depending on the consumption of certain nutritional elements interacting simultaneously with different factors, such as socioeconomic factors...
June 18, 2018: Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909606/dietary-protein-and-nutritional-supplements-in-conventional-hemodialysis
#6
Alice Sabatino, Giovanni Piotti, Carmela Cosola, Ilaria Gandolfini, Jeroen P Kooman, Enrico Fiaccadori
Protein energy wasting (PEW) is a condition commonly occurring among patients with ESRD on hemodialysis. PEW is characterized by depletion of protein and energy stores and is caused by multiple factors related to chronic kidney disease, acute and chronic comorbidities and by renal replacement therapy itself. Anorexia is central in the pathogenesis of PEW; it is frequently observed in these patients whose protein and energy intakes are typically lower than guidelines recommendations. If untreated, PEW invariably leads to major complications, and may activate a vicious circle with further worsening of nutritional status...
June 17, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908694/arterial-stiffness-in-ckd-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Raymond R Townsend
This narrative review summarizes a decade of experience examining the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships of arterial stiffness, as assessed using carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, with outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease enrolled in the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort. Our goal is to review the importance of the pulse wave contour and pulse wave velocity and present data on the reproducibility of pulse wave velocity measurements, determinants of pulse wave velocity, and the relationship that velocity measurements have with longitudinal kidney and cardiovascular outcomes...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908677/diagnosing-clinical-malnutrition-perspectives-from-the-past-and-implications-for-the-future
#8
Levi M Teigen, Adam J Kuchnia, Emily M Nagel, Kathleen L Price, Ryan T Hurt, Carrie P Earthman
This review, intended for both researchers and clinicians, provides a history of the definition of clinical malnutrition. Despite global efforts, we remain without one clear, objective, internationally accepted definition; clarity in this regard will ultimately improve our evaluation and monitoring of nutritional status to achieve optimal patient outcomes. In this review we explore the development of the term malnutrition and its diagnosis and application in the setting of acute and chronic disease. We begin in the second century A...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907379/prediction-of-prognosis-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-with-respiratory-failure-a-comparison-of-three-nutritional-assessment-methods
#9
Ruiqi Chen, Lu Xing, Chao You, Xuemei Ou
OBJECTIVES: Due to their increased energy expenditure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with respiratory failure are susceptible to malnutrition. This study aimed to compare the predictive values of the following three widely used nutritional assessment methods for the clinical prognosis of COPD patients with respiratory failure: body mass index (BMI), Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002), and serum albumin (ALB) level. METHODS: COPD patients with respiratory failure treated in our center from June 2013 to June 2016 were retrospectively included...
June 12, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903797/association-between-sleep-duration-and-stroke-prevalence-in-korean-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Min-Young Kim, Seunghoon Lee, You Ho Myong, Yoon Jae Lee, Me-Riong Kim, Joon-Shik Shin, Jinho Lee, In-Hyuk Ha
OBJECTIVES: Although sleep, chronic disease and its related mortality are extensively studied areas, the association between stroke and sleep duration is relatively unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between long and short sleep duration and stroke prevalence. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Adult surveyees (aged ≥19 years) who answered items relating to sleep duration and stroke in the 2010-2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Surveys (n=17 601)...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902166/obesity-prevalence-among-adults-living-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-counties-united-states-2016
#11
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Sohyun Park, Liping Pan, Terry O'Toole, Kevin Matthews, Heidi M Blanck
Approximately 46 million persons (14%) in the United States live in nonmetropolitan counties.* Compared with metropolitan residents, nonmetropolitan residents have a higher prevalence of obesity-associated chronic diseases such as diabetes (1), coronary heart disease (1), and arthritis (2). The 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) found a significantly higher obesity prevalence among adults in nonmetropolitan (39.6%) than in metropolitan (33.4%) counties (3). However, this difference has not been examined by state...
June 15, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901548/post-discharge-feeding-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-adherence-to-nutrition-guidelines
#12
Jane Francis, Sharon Unger, Nicole Bando, Ashleigh Vance, Sharyn Gibbins, Alex Kiss, Paige Church, Daniel Sellen, Deborah L O'Connor
OBJECTIVES: Infant feeding guidelines are important public health strategies to promote optimal growth, development and chronic disease prevention, but their effectiveness is contingent upon families' ability to adhere to them. Little is known of adherence to guidelines among nutritionally vulnerable infants, specifically those born very-low-birth-weight (<1500 grams). This study investigated whether post-discharge feeding practices for very-low-birth-weight infants align with current recommendations and explored parental and infant baseline socio-demographics related to these practices...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898488/-diet-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-practical-guide
#13
Stephan C Bischoff, Maryam Basrai
Chronic kidney disease is associated with metabolic disorders. The nutrient requirement varies considerably and often it is not covered. This is why many patients experience severe deficiencies ("kidney disease wasting"), which limits their quality of life and prognosis. On the other hand sodium, potassium and phosphate must be limited. Nutritional therapy is a relevant part of the therapy.
June 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898054/oropharyngeal-deglutition-nutrition-and-quality-of-life-in-individuals-with-chronic-pulmonary-disease
#14
Diéllen Albanio Wegner, Eduardo Matias Dos Santos Steidl, Adriane Schmidt Pasqualoto, Renata Mancopes
PURPOSE: Describe efficacy and safety of deglutition, nutritional risk, and quality of life in deglutition, and associate nutritional risk with quality of life in individuals with chronic pulmonary disease. METHODS: The participants were 17 individuals with chronic pulmonary disease evaluated using the following instruments: Volume-Viscosity Swallow Test (V-VST), Quality of Life in Swallowing Disorders (SWAL-QOL) questionnaire, Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), and body mass index (BMI)...
June 11, 2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896105/anti-neuroinflammatory-potential-of-natural-products-in-attenuation-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
REVIEW
Bushra Shal, Wei Ding, Hussain Ali, Yeong S Kim, Salman Khan
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic progressive neurodegenerative disorder associated with dementia and cognitive impairment most common in elderly population. Various pathophysiological mechanisms have been proposed by numerous researcher, although, exact mechanism is not yet elucidated. Several studies have been indicated that neuroinflammation associated with deposition of amyloid- beta (Aβ) in brain is a major hallmark toward the pathology of neurodegenerative diseases. So, there is a need to unravel the link of inflammatory process in neurodegeneration...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895758/burden-of-common-childhood-diseases-in-relation-to-improved-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-wash-among-nigerian-children
#16
Zhifei He, Ghose Bishwajit, Dongsheng Zou, Sanni Yaya, Zhaohui Cheng, Yan Zhou
Having access to improved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) facilities constitute a key component of healthy living and quality of life. Prolonged exposure to insanitary living conditions can significantly enhance the burden of infectious diseases among children and affect nutritional status and growth. In this study we examined the prevalence of some common infectious diseases/disease symptoms of childhood among under-five children in Nigeria, and the association between the occurrence of these diseases with household&rsquo;s access to WASH facilities...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894475/neonatal-factors-related-to-center-variation-in-the-incidence-of-late-onset-circulatory-collapse-in-extremely-preterm-infants
#17
Yume Suzuki, Yumi Kono, Takahiro Hayakawa, Hironori Shimozawa, Miyuki Matano, Yukari Yada
BACKGROUND: Although late-onset circulatory collapse (LCC) is widely recognized in Japan, its etiology and the reason for center variation in its incidence remain unclear. This study's objectives were to identify the perinatal and neonatal factors related to LCC and to estimate the factors related to the center variation in the incidence of LCC. METHODS: Extremely preterm infants born between 2008 and 2012 who were registered in the database of the Neonatal Research Network, Japan were retrospectively analyzed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893616/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-periodontitis-among-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#18
Ho Seok Koo, Soo Min Hong
BACKGROUND: The incidence of periodontitis is higher when metabolic syndrome (MS) is present. However, only few Korean studies have compared the risk factors for MS and periodontitis. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors for periodontitis relative to the presence of MS. METHODS: The data collected from 13,196 respondents of the 2010-2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in South Korea, which include periodontitis and MS parameters, were analyzed after propensity score matching of sex and age...
June 12, 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893042/prospective-cohort-studies-of-birth-weight-and-risk-of-obesity-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-adulthood-among-chinese-population
#19
Qinghua Xia, Hui Cai, Yong-Bing Xiang, Peng Zhou, Honglan Li, Gong Yang, Yu Jiang, Xiao-Ou Shu, Wei Zheng, Wang-Hong Xu
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight has been associated with subsequent risks of obesity and certain chronic diseases, but evidence for this association is limited for Chinese population. METHODS: We analyzed data from two population-based prospective cohort studies, the Shanghai Women's Health Study and the Shanghai Men's Health Study to examine the association. Information on self-reported birth weight was collected at the baseline in-person interview. Anthropometric measurements were taken at the study enrollment...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891470/comparison-of-nutrigenomics-technology-interface-tools-for-consumers-and-health-professionals-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#20
Paula Littlejohn, Irene Cop, Erin Brown, Rimi Afroze, Karen M Davison
BACKGROUND: Although nutrition interventions are a widely accepted resource for the prevention of long-term health conditions, current approaches have not adequately reduced chronic disease morbidity. Nutrigenomics has great potential; however, it is complicated to implement. There is a need for products based on nutrition-related gene test results that are easily understood, accessible, and used. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to compare a nonpractitioner-assisted direct-to-consumer self-driven approach to nutrigenomics versus an integrated and personalized practitioner-led method...
June 11, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
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