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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888116/dietetics-practice-in-the-unique-culturally-diverse-pacific-island-region
#1
Cynthia L Endrizal, Marie Kainoa Fialkowski, Jim Davis, Sarah Yuan, Rachel Novotny, Treena Wasonti Io Delormier, Beatriz Rodriguez
The Pacific Island region is geographically the most isolated region in the world representing a diverse population of indigenous peoples, migrated groups and new-comers. Rates of chronic disease are predominately high in populations identified as Pacific Islander. The practice of dietetics, defined as nutrition education for the prevention of disease and medical nutrition therapy for the treatment of chronic diseases, proves challenging with the unique cultural diversity in the region. There is a need to describe dietetics practice, populations served, and needs for resources identified by nutrition-related topic and cultural relevance for Registered Dietitian Nutritionists in the Pacific Island region...
June 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858369/trends-in-prevalence-and-control-of-hypertension-according-to-the-2017-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-acc-aha-guideline
#2
Kirsten S Dorans, Katherine T Mills, Yang Liu, Jiang He
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. Compared with prior guidelines, the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) hypertension guideline recommends lower blood pressure thresholds for defining hypertension, for initiating antihypertensive medication, and for antihypertensive medication treatment goals. METHODS AND RESULTS: To better understand potential impacts of the 2017 guideline, we studied trends in mean systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure, prevalence and burden of hypertension, and proportion of controlled hypertension in the US adult population aged ≥20 from 1999 through 2016...
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800598/vegetarian-dietary-patterns-and-cardiovascular-disease
#3
REVIEW
Hana Kahleova, Susan Levin, Neal D Barnard
Cardiovascular (CV) disease (CVD) is the leading global cause of mortality, being responsible for 46% of non-communicable disease deaths. It has been estimated that about 85.6 million Americans are living with some form of CVD, which continues to rise. Healthy lifestyle choices may reduce the risk of myocardial infarction by more than 80%, with nutrition playing a key role. Vegetarian dietary patterns reduce CVD mortality and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) by 40%. Plant-based diets are the only dietary pattern to have shown reversal of CHD...
May 22, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783969/association-between-thyroid-hormones-and-the-components-of-metabolic-syndrome
#4
Jieun Jang, Youngsook Kim, Jaeyong Shin, Sang Ah Lee, Young Choi, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormones are known to have direct and indirect effects on metabolism. Individuals with metabolic syndrome, a disease that is growing in incidence at a rapid rate, are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. The aim of this study was to identify whether significant correlations exist between thyroid hormone levels and components of the metabolic syndrome in the general population of Korea. METHODS: The data were collected from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys from 2013 to 2015...
May 21, 2018: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745332/interactions-of-dietary-fiber-with-nutritional-components-on-gut-microbial-composition-function-and-health-in-monogastrics
#5
A Seidu, Che Dongsheng, Qin Guixin, Jiang Hailong, Rui Han, Cornelius Tlotliso Sello
The relation between dietary fiber and wellbeing of human and other monogastrics has recently became a hot topic as showed in an increasing number of publication of the related research. The aim of this review is to describe through a logical approach the scientific suggestion linking possible benefits of dietary fiber on nutritional components and their effect on the gastrointestinal composition in relation to disease conditions in humans or animals. Dietary fiber plays a key role in influencing blood glucose or insulin concentrations, stool bulkiness, reduce the pH within the digestive tract, synthesize volatile fatty acids (VFA), reduce intestinal transit time, stimulate growth of intestinal microbes, and constructively enhance various blood parameters...
May 7, 2018: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731703/metabolic-syndrome-and-neuroprotection
#6
REVIEW
Melisa Etchegoyen, Mariana H Nobile, Francisco Baez, Barbara Posesorski, Julian González, Néstor Lago, José Milei, Matilde Otero-Losada
Introduction: Over the years the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has drastically increased in developing countries as a major byproduct of industrialization. Many factors, such as the consumption of high-calorie diets and a sedentary lifestyle, bolster the spread of this disorder. Undoubtedly, the massive and still increasing incidence of MetS places this epidemic as an important public health issue. Hereon we revisit another outlook of MetS beyond its classical association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 (DM2), for MetS also poses a risk factor for the nervous tissue and threatens neuronal function...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731493/current-practice-and-outcomes-of-peritoneal-dialysis-in-the-nippon-medical-school-musashi-kosugi-hospital
#7
Yuichiro Sumi, Yukinao Sakai, Koji Mugishima, Anna Suzuki, Yusuke Otsuka, Tomoyuki Otsuka, Shuichi Tsuruoka
INTRODUCTION: Various innovations for preventing complications and improving a patient's quality of life have been implemented for peritoneal dialysis (PD), which was established in Japan approximately 35 years ago and introduced at our hospital in 1999. Herein, we investigate the outcomes of patients undergoing PD to identify approaches for improving their long-term prognosis. METHODS: This retrospective study included 114 patients who underwent PD between September 1999 and August 2017 and included various parameters such as patient survival rate, technical survival rate, cause (s) of PD withdrawal, incidence of peritonitis, dialysis duration, and change in residual renal function (RRF)...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726453/two-stage-evaluation-of-a-telehealth-nutrition-management-service-in-support-of-diabesity-therapy
#8
Veronika Schusterbauer, Dieter Feitek, Peter Kastner, Hermann Toplak
BACKGROUND: Diabesity, a combination of diabetes mellitus type 2 and obesity, is one of the biggest global health problems. Individual nutrition therapy and physical activity are effective measures in prevention and treatment. METHODS: Requirements for an integrated diabesity service were specified and evaluated in two stages. The aim of the first stage was to perform a feasibility trial in patients with diabesity, using separate diaries. DiabMemory for diabetes and Nutrinaut for nutrition...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696156/methodology-of-a-multispecialty-outpatient-obesity-treatment-research-program
#9
Dalia S Mikhail, Teresa B Jensen, Todd W Wade, Jane F Myers, Jennifer M Frank, Mark Wieland, Don Hensrud, M Molly McMahon, Maria L Collazo-Clavell, Haitham Abu-Lebdeh, Kurt A Kennel, Daniel L Hurley, Karen Grothe, Michael D Jensen
Despite the large number of U.S. adults who overweight or obese, few providers have ready access to comprehensive lifestyle interventions, the cornerstone of medical obesity management. Our goal was to establish a research infrastructure embedded in a comprehensive lifestyle intervention treatment for obesity. The Obesity Treatment Research Program (OTRP) is a multi-specialty project at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota designed to provide a high intensity, year-long, comprehensive lifestyle obesity treatment...
June 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695715/real-life-achievement-of-lipid-lowering-treatment-targets-in-the-diabetes-and-lifestyle-cohort-twente-systemic-assessment-of-pharmacological-and-nutritional-factors
#10
Christina M Gant, S Heleen Binnenmars, Manon Harmelink, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Stephan J L Bakker, Gerjan Navis, Gozewijn D Laverman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc) in type 2 diabetes mellitus is of paramount importance in preventing cardiovascular disease. However, treatment targets for LDLc are often not reached. We studied the prevalence of LDLc target achievement in a real-life population of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in secondary care, and investigated whether in those not on target, there is room for intensifying pharmacological and lifestyle management according to current treatment guidelines...
April 25, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671868/secondary-prevention-and-lifestyle-indices-after-stroke-in-a-long-term-perspective
#11
A C Jönsson, H Delavaran, H Lövkvist, M Baturova, S Iwarsson, A Ståhl, B Norrving, A Lindgren
OBJECTIVES: To describe the long-term perspective regarding prevalence of risk factors, secondary stroke prevention, and lifestyle indices after stroke. METHODS: From a population-based one-year cohort (n = 416), we performed an observational study of 145 survivors at 16 months and 10 years after stroke (age 27-97 years) regarding secondary prevention including reaching acceptable treatment goals; nutritional status with focus on underweight; and the lifestyle indices: living situation, level of dependence, and self-assessed health condition...
April 19, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593818/natural-approaches-in-metabolic-syndrome-management
#12
Angelo Maria Patti, Khalid Al-Rasadi, Rosaria Vincenza Giglio, Dragana Nikolic, Carlo Mannina, Giuseppa Castellino, Roberta Chianetta, Maciej Banach, Arrigo F G Cicero, Giuseppe Lippi, Giuseppe Montalto, Manfredi Rizzo, Peter P Toth
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is characterized as a group of cardiometabolic risk factors that raise the risk for heart disease and other health problems, such as diabetes mellitus and stroke. Treatment strategies include pharmacologic interventions and supplementary (or "alternative") treatments. Nutraceuticals are derived from food sources (isolated nutrients, dietary supplements and herbal products) that are purported to provide health benefits, in addition to providing basic nutritional value. Nutraceuticals are claimed to prevent chronic diseases, improve health, delay the aging process, increase life expectancy, and support the structure and function of the body...
March 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568552/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-renal-dysfunction-in-patients-on-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-based-antiretroviral-regimens-for-hiv-infection-in-southern-india
#13
EDITORIAL
Nagalingeswaran Kumarasamy, Sruthi Sundaram, Selvamuthu Poongulali, Chandrasekaran Ezhilarasi, Ambrose Pradeep, Devaraj Chitra
Objectives: Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is a nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor commonly used in the treatment of HIV infection. This retrospective study aims to establish the prevalence of abnormal renal function among patients with HIV receiving TDF, and to investigate the risks for TDF-related renal dysfunction in this population. Methods: Patients at the YRGCARE Medical Centre, Voluntary Health Services, receiving TDF-containing antiretroviral (ART) regimens between January 2002 and March 2017, were assessed for renal dysfunction using creatinine level and eGFR (DAIDS/NIH) during continuum of care...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545131/-utilization-of-alfacalcidol-and-active-vitamin-d-analogs-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#14
Pablo Antonio Ureña-Torres, Mario Cozzolino, Jordi Bover
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is one of the most frequent and deleterious complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD). SHPT is also one of the principal components of the now called CKD-mineral and bone disorders (MBD) syndrome. It is usually prevented and treated by vitamin D derivatives. However, the rationale for the prescription of vitamin D sterols in those patients is still a matter of hotly debates, mainly because of unsatisfactory results from numerous observational and not well-controlled studies...
March 12, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542422/the-emerging-role-of-il-1-inhibition-in-patients-affected-by-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-diabetes
#15
Piero Ruscitti, Paola Cipriani, Vasiliky Liakouli, Francesco Carubbi, Onorina Berardicurti, Paola Di Benedetto, Francesco Ciccia, Giuliana Guggino, Saverio Alvaro, Giovanni Triolo, Roberto Giacomelli
BACKGROUND: Although in the past, prevention of the joint destruction and disability were strongly emphasised in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), at present, a growing body of evidence is focused at identifying the best management of associated comorbidities, such as type 2 diabetes (T2D). Recently, the hypothesis that blocking pro-inflammatory activity may be helpful in the treatment of some comorbidities has been proposed in RA patients. OBJECTIVE: We reviewed the role of IL-1β during RA and T2D, the efficacy of IL-1 blocking agents in controlling both diseases and, possible, decreasing the concomitant enhanced atherosclerotic process...
March 13, 2018: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542346/accuracy-beyond-iso-introducing-a-new-method-for-distinguishing-differences-between-blood-glucose-monitoring-systems-meeting-iso-15197-2013-accuracy-requirements
#16
Scott Pardo, Rimma M Shaginian, David A Simmons
BACKGROUND: Diabetes treatment is intended to maintain near-normal glycemic levels. Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) allows patients to track their BG levels compared with glycemic targets and is associated with improved health outcomes. Because of the importance of SMBG, it is essential that results are accurate to prevent errors in nutritional intake and drug dosing. This study presents a new methodology to evaluate the accuracy of BG monitoring systems (BGMSs). METHODS: Sensitivity analyses were performed using real and simulated BGMS data to compute probabilities that, for any BG value, the BGMS result would be within prescribed error bounds and confidence limits compared with laboratory reference values...
May 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528772/functional-food-and-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-and-treatment-a-review
#17
Sedigheh Asgary, Ali Rastqar, Mahtab Keshvari
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is now the leading cause of death globally and is a growing health concern. Lifestyle factors, including nutrition, play an important role in the etiology and treatment of CVD. Functional foods based on their basic nutritional functions can decrease the risk of many chronic diseases and have some physiological benefits. They contain physiologically active components either from plant or animal sources, marketed with the claim of their ability to reduce heart disease risk, focusing primarily on established risk factors, which are hyperlipidemia, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, obesity/overweight, elevated lipoprotein A level, small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and elevated inflammatory marker levels...
March 12, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523006/the-effects-of-supplementation-with-chromium-on-insulin-resistance-indices-in-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#18
Javad Heshmati, Reza Omani-Samani, Samira Vesali, Saman Maroufizadeh, Mahroo Rezaeinejad, Maryam Razavi, Mahdi Sepidarkish
Recently, the effects of nutritional supplementation on improvement or prevention of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have been considered. Several studies have been carried out on the effect of chromium supplementation in improving PCOS patients. This study aimed to summarize the available findings regarding the effect of chromium on improving the polycystic ovary syndrome. The review includes randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing chromium treatment with placebo or other treatments in women with PCOS...
March 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506982/obesity-progression-between-young-adulthood-and-midlife-and-incident-diabetes-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-u-s-adults
#19
Andrew Stokes, Jason M Collins, Bethany F Grant, Robin F Scamuffa, Chia-Wen Hsiao, Stephen S Johnston, Eric M Ammann, JoAnn E Manson, Samuel H Preston
OBJECTIVE: Understanding how changes in weight over the life course shape risk for diabetes is critical for the prevention of diabetes. Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), we investigated the association between self-reported weight change from young adulthood to midlife and incident diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We categorized individuals into four weight-change groups: those who remained nonobese (stable nonobese), those who moved from an obese BMI to a nonobese BMI (losing), those who moved from a nonobese BMI to an obese BMI (gaining), and those who remained obese (stable obese)...
May 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498876/-cardiovascular-risk-in-patients-with-rheumatic-disease-and-its-management
#20
Jiří Laštůvka, Sabína Oreská, Michal Tomčík, Michal Vrablík
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in patients with rheumatic diseases is increased by 50 % compared to the general population. This is a result of the increased inflammatory activity as well as modification of traditional CVD risk factors by the primary disease. So called lipid paradox, paradoxical decrease of concentrations of atherogenic plasma lipids due to increased inflammatory activity and their rise with successful anti-inflammatory treatment, is of particular importance. CVD risk in rheumatic diseases is further modified by drugs used for their treatment: while some treatment modalities increase the risk (e...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
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