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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540775/preventing-intrahepatic-infection-after-ablation-of-liver-tumours-in-biliary-enteric-anastomosis-patients
#1
Shui-Lian Tan, Xiao-Ling Yu, Ping Liang, Fangyi Liu, Zhigang Cheng, Zhi-Yu Han, Jie Yu
PURPOSE: To assess the value of bowel preparation plus targeted antibiotics for preventing intrahepatic infections after MWA of liver tumours in BEA patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 21 patients (divided into two groups) with a history of BEA undergoing ultrasound-guided MWA of liver tumours from November 2008 to June 2014. Group A (n = 10) received single-antibiotic therapy (cefazedone 2 g bid 4, amoxicillin and flucloxacillin sodium 2 g bid 3, levofloxacin 0...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530892/which-bowel-preparation-should-be-used-for-colonoscopy-in-patients-who-have-had-bariatric-surgery
#2
Zubin Arora, Gursimran Kochhar, Bo Shen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529136/preparing-the-bowel-for-surgery-learning-from-the-past-and-planning-for-the-future
#3
REVIEW
John C Alverdy, Neil Hyman, Jack Gilbert, James N Luo, Monika Krezalek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527155/status-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-china-a-national-survey
#4
Shibo Lin, Wei Guan, Pankaj Hans, Hui Liang
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a favorable bariatric procedure. This study evaluated the status of LSG in China. METHODS: During the 4(th) International Forum of Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery in May 2016, Nanjing China, an on-the-spot questionnaire was filled out by 105 attending surgeons with experience of LSG. The feedback data was collected and analyzed. RESULTS: For preoperative preparations, surgeons preferred blood glucose control with insulin (61...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525497/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-suspected-ovarian-malignancy-a-survey-of-perioperative-practice-among-gynecologic-oncologists-in-australia-and-new-zealand-to-inform-a-clinical-trial
#5
Kristina Lindemann, Peey-Sei Kok, Martin Stockler, Peter Sykes, Alison Brand
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this survey was to review the current standard of perioperative care of patients with suspected advanced ovarian cancer in Australia and New Zealand in order to determine the level of equipoise for specific interventions. METHODS: In May 2016, a web-based questionnaire (SurveyMonkey Inc, Palo Alto, CA) was sent to all gynecologic oncologists in Australia and New Zealand (n = 56). Descriptive statistics were used. RESULTS: Response rate was 75%...
June 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522195/a-dpp-iv-resistant-glucagon-like-peptide-2-dimer-with-enhanced-activity-against-radiation-induced-intestinal-injury
#6
Jintao Gu, Shuo Liu, Nan Mu, Tonglie Huang, Wangqian Zhang, Huadong Zhao, Zhen Shu, Cun Zhang, Qiang Hao, Weina Li, Xiaochang Xue, Wei Zhang, Yingqi Zhang
Although radiotherapy is a highly effective treatment for abdominal or pelvic cancer patients, it can increase the incidence of severe gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity. As an intestinal growth factor, glucagon-like peptide 2 (GLP-2) has been shown to improve the preclinical models of both short bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease by stimulating intestinal growth. Teduglutide ([Gly(2)]GLP-2), a recombinant human GLP-2 variant, has a prolonged half-life and stability as compared to the native GLP-2 peptide, but still requires daily application in the clinic...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507750/effects-of-conventional-and-a-novel-colonic-release-bile-acid-sequestrant-a3384-on-fibroblast-growth-factor-19-and-bile-acid-metabolism-in-healthy-volunteers-and-patients-with-bile-acid-diarrhoea
#7
R N Appleby, A Bajor, P-G Gillberg, H Graffner, M Simrén, K A Ung, Jrf Walters
BACKGROUND: Primary bile acid diarrhoea (BAD) is associated with increased bile acid synthesis and low fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19). Bile acid sequestrants are used as therapy, but are poorly tolerated and may exacerbate FGF19 deficiency. AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pharmacological effects of conventional sequestrants and a colonic-release formulation preparation of colestyramine (A3384) on bile acid metabolism and bowel function in patients with BAD...
April 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507745/performance-measures-for-lower-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-a-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-esge-quality-improvement-initiative
#8
REVIEW
Michal F Kaminski, Siwan Thomas-Gibson, Marek Bugajski, Michael Bretthauer, Colin J Rees, Evelien Dekker, Geir Hoff, Rodrigo Jover, Stepan Suchanek, Monika Ferlitsch, John Anderson, Thomas Roesch, Rolf Hultcranz, Istvan Racz, Ernst J Kuipers, Kjetil Garborg, James E East, Maciej Rupinski, Birgitte Seip, Cathy Bennett, Carlo Senore, Silvia Minozzi, Raf Bisschops, Dirk Domagk, Roland Valori, Cristiano Spada, Cesare Hassan, Mario Dinis-Ribeiro, Matthew D Rutter
The European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and United European Gastroenterology present a short list of key performance measures for lower gastrointestinal endoscopy. We recommend that endoscopy services across Europe adopt the following seven key performance measures for lower gastrointestinal endoscopy for measurement and evaluation in daily practice at a center and endoscopist level: 1 rate of adequate bowel preparation (minimum standard 90%); 2 cecal intubation rate (minimum standard 90%); 3 adenoma detection rate (minimum standard 25%); 4 appropriate polypectomy technique (minimum standard 80%); 5 complication rate (minimum standard not set); 6 patient experience (minimum standard not set); 7 appropriate post-polypectomy surveillance recommendations (minimum standard not set)...
April 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506877/clinical-practice-guidelines-synthesis-of-the-guidelines-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-primary-pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-women-by-the-afu-cngof-sifud-pp-snfcp-and-scgp
#9
L Le Normand, M Cosson, F Cour, X Deffieux, L Donon, P Ferry, B Fatton, J-F Hermieu, H Marret, G Meurette, A Cortesse, L Wagner, X Fritel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497589/the-asia-pacific-colorectal-screening-score-is-useful-to-stratify-risk-for-colorectal-advanced-neoplasms-in-vietnamese-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#10
Duc Trong Quach, Toru Hiyama, Thu Anh Nguyen, Hoa Quoc Ly, Shinji Tanaka
BACKGROUND: The Asia Pacific Colorectal Screening (APCS) score has been validated in several populations but not yet in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). AIM: To assess the performance of APCS score in stratifying risk of colorectal advanced neoplasms (CAN) in Vietnamese IBS patients. METHODS: Consecutive patients who fulfilled IBS diagnosis criteria according to the Rome III were prospectively enrolled and underwent colonoscopy...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470092/the-sept9-gene-methylation-assay-is-capable-of-detecting-colorectal-adenoma-in-opportunistic-screening
#11
Lele Song, Xiumei Peng, Yuemin Li, Wenhua Xiao, Jia Jia, Cheng Dong, Yuan Gong, Guangpeng Zhou, Xiaoliang Han
AIM: This study validated the detection of colorectal adenoma in opportunistic screening using the SEPT9 gene methylation assay. MATERIALS & METHODS: Plasma samples including 85 colorectal cancers, 364 adenomas, 216 hyperplastic polyps, 372 other gastrointestinal diseases and 324 normal subjects, were obtained and tested using the Epi proColon 2.0 CE assay. RESULTS & CONCLUSION: The SEPT9 assay detected 38.7% of all types of adenoma, including 27...
May 4, 2017: Epigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469361/macroscopic-findings-in-collagenous-colitis-a-multi-center-retrospective-observational-cohort-study
#12
Anastasios Koulaouzidis, Diana E Yung, Artur Nemeth, Klas Sjöberg, Andry Giannakou, Raheel Qureshi, Leonidas Bartzis, Morna McNeill, Gabriele Wurm Johansson, Alfredo J Lucendo, Paul Fineron, Ken C Trimble, Athar Saeed, John N Plevris, Ervin Toth
BACKGROUND: Collagenous colitis (CC) is by definition a histological diagnosis. However, colonoscopy often reveals characteristic endoscopic findings. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency and type of endoscopic findings in patients diagnosed with CC in 4 participating centers. METHODS: This was a retrospective study; the databases of 2 university hospitals in Edinburgh (Scotland) and Malmö (Sweden), and 2 district general hospitals in Tomelloso (Spain) and Gateshead (England) were interrogated for patients diagnosed with CC between May 2008 and August 2013...
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464213/increasing-colonoscopy-screening-in-disparate-populations-results-from-an-evaluation-of-patient-navigation-in-the-new-hampshire-colorectal-cancer-screening-program
#13
Ketra Rice, Lindsay Gressard, Amy DeGroff, Joanne Gersten, Janene Robie, Steven Leadbetter, Rebecca Glover-Kudon, Lynn Butterly
BACKGROUND: To investigate uniformly successful results from a statewide program of patient navigation (PN) for colonoscopy, this comparison study evaluated the effectiveness of the PN intervention by comparing outcomes for navigated versus non-navigated patients in one of the community health clinics included in the statewide program. Outcomes measured included screening completion, adequacy of bowel preparation, missed appointments and cancellations, communication of test results, and consistency of follow-up recommendations with clinical guidelines...
May 2, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458891/severe-symptomatic-hyponatremia-associated-with-the-use-of-polyethylene-glycol-based-bowel-preparation
#14
Navira Samad, Ian Fraser
SUMMARY: Colonoscopy is a useful tool in modern medicine and is increasingly employed for both diagnostic and treatment reasons. However, its effectiveness is highly reliant on the quality of bowel cleansing. Among different bowel-cleansing agents available, PEG (polyethylene glycol) is considered to be the safest cleansing agent, especially in relation to fluid and electrolyte problems. We present here a case of severe symptomatic hyponatremia that developed after the use of PEG for an elective colonoscopy...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455274/protocol-of-a-pilot-study-of-technology-enabled-coproduction-in-pediatric-chronic-illness-care
#15
Heather C Kaplan, Sunny Narendra Thakkar, Lisa Burns, Barbara Chini, Dana Mh Dykes, Gary L McPhail, Erin Moore, Shehzad Ahmed Saeed, Ian Eslick, Peter A Margolis, Lisa Opipari-Arrigan
BACKGROUND: Pediatric chronic illness care models are traditionally organized around acute episodes of care and may not meet the needs of patients and their families. Interventions that extend the patient-clinician interaction beyond the health care visit, allow for asynchronous and bidirectional feedback loops that span visits and daily life, and facilitate seamless sharing of information are needed to support a care delivery system that is more collaborative, continuous, and data-driven...
April 28, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449192/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-pegylated-human-adrenomedullin-in-a-mouse-dss-induced-colitis-model
#16
Sayaka Nagata, Motoo Yamasaki, Kazuo Kitamura
Preclinical Research Human adrenomedullin (hAM), a hypotensive peptide, also has anti-inflammatory effects. hAM can reduce the severity of the dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)- and 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis in animal models. Furthermore, in a clinical study, hAM treatment reduced the Disease Activity Index in ulcerative colitis. However, these therapeutic effects required continuous administration of hAM as the half-life of native hAM is quite short in blood. To resolve this problem, hAM N-terminal was conjugated with two kinds of polyethylene glycol (PEG); 5 kDa PEG or 60 kDa PEG (5 kDa PEG-hAM and 60 kDa PEG-hAM respectively)...
April 27, 2017: Drug Development Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448616/abundance-profiling-of-specific-gene-groups-using-precomputed-gut-metagenomes-yields-novel-biological-hypotheses
#17
Konstantin Yarygin, Alexander Tyakht, Andrey Larin, Elena Kostryukova, Sergei Kolchenko, Vilgelm Bitner, Dmitry Alexeev
The gut microbiota is essentially a multifunctional bioreactor within a human being. The exploration of its enormous metabolic potential provides insights into the mechanisms underlying microbial ecology and interactions with the host. The data obtained using "shotgun" metagenomics capture information about the whole spectrum of microbial functions. However, each new study presenting new sequencing data tends to extract only a little of the information concerning the metabolic potential and often omits specific functions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448598/a-low-volume-polyethylene-glycol-solution-was-associated-with-an-increased-suboptimal-bowel-preparation-rate-but-had-similar-recommendations-for-an-early-repeat-colonoscopy-procedure-times-and-adenoma-detection-rates
#18
Sam C Hankins, Bryan B Brimhall, Vineel Kankanala, Gregory L Austin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Low-volume polyethylene glycol (PEG) bowel preparations are better tolerated by patients than high-volume preparations and may achieve similar preparation quality. However, there is little data comparing their effects on a recommendation for an early repeat colonoscopy (because of a suboptimal preparation), procedure times, adenoma detection rate (ADR), and advanced adenoma detection rate (AADR). METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of outpatient colonoscopies performed during a one-year period at a single academic medical center in which low-volume MoviPrep® (n = 1841) or high-volume Colyte® (n = 1337) was used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446926/are-we-ready-for-the-eras-protocol-in-colorectal-surgery
#19
Michał Kisielewski, Mateusz Rubinkiewicz, Michał Pędziwiatr, Magdalena Pisarska, Marcin Migaczewski, Marcin Dembiński, Piotr Major, Kazimierz Rembiasz, Andrzej Budzyński
INTRODUCTION: Modern perioperative care principles in elective colorectal surgery have already been established by international surgical authorities. Nevertheless, barriers to the introduction of routine evidence-based clinical care and changing dogmas still exist. One of the factors is the surgeon. AIM: To assess perioperative care trends in elective colorectal surgery among general surgery consultants in surgical departments in Malopolska Voivodeship, Poland...
2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445795/a-novel-approach-to-calculating-small-intestine-length-based-on-magnetic-resonance-enterography
#20
Nicole A Wilson, Hyung-Soon Park, Kyoung Soub Lee, Lauren K Barron, Brad W Warner
BACKGROUND: Bowel length is an important factor in the management of patients with intestinal failure and short bowel syndrome (SBS). However, it is difficult to accurately measure the length of the small intestine. Our purpose was to demonstrate the feasibility of a dedicated software algorithm for calculating small intestine length based on magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) images. STUDY DESIGN: A custom algorithm for image thresholding, wall-identification, segmentation, and path extraction was designed and implemented...
April 23, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
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