keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bowel prep

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428714/predictors-for-difficult-cecal-insertion-in-colonoscopy-the-impact-of-obesity-indices
#1
Soo Yun Moon, Byung Chang Kim, Dae Kyung Sohn, Kyung Su Han, Bun Kim, Chang Won Hong, Bum Joon Park, Kum Hei Ryu, Ji Hyung Nam
AIM: To identify the factors influencing cecal insertion time (CIT) and to evaluate the effect of obesity indices on CIT. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data for participants who received both colonoscopy and abdominal computed tomography (CT) from February 2008 to May 2008 as part of a comprehensive health screening program. Age, gender, obesity indices [body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip circumference ratio (WHR), waist circumference (WC), visceral adipose tissue (VAT) volume and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) volume on abdominal CT], history of prior abdominal surgery, constipation, experience of the colonoscopist, quality of bowel preparation, diverticulosis and time required to reach the cecum were analyzed...
April 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427536/health-risks-of-food-oxidation
#2
Mario Estévez, Zhuqing Li, Olugbenga P Soladoye, Thomas Van-Hecke
The impact of dietary habits on our health is indisputable. Consumer's concern on aging and age-related diseases challenges scientists to underline the potential role of food on the extension and guarantee of lifespan and healthspan. While some dietary components and habits are generally regarded as beneficial for our health, some others are being found to exert potential toxic effects and hence, contribute to the onset of particular health disorders. Among the latter, lipid and protein oxidation products formed during food production, storage, processing, and culinary preparation have been recently identified as potentially harmful to humans...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424872/percutaneous-endoscopic-sigmoidopexy-using-t-fasteners-for-management-of-sigmoid-volvulus
#3
Kevin Tin, Zain A Sobani, Nnaemeka Anyadike, Anna Serur, Ira Mayer, Kadirawel Iswara, Yuriy Tsirlin
BACKGROUND: Sigmoid volvulus (SV) is the third leading cause of large bowel obstruction after colonic neoplasms and diverticular disease. SV has traditionally been managed via endoscopic detorsion and decompression followed by non-emergent surgical resection owing to the high risk of recurrence. Most cases of SV occur in elderly debilitated patients with multiple comorbidities and may not be candidates for surgical resection. Endoscopic sigmoidopexy has been described as an alternative to surgical resection...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423917/management-of-opioid-induced-constipation-in-hospice-patients
#4
Leah Sera, Mary Lynn McPherson
BACKGROUND: Constipation is a common symptom in patients with advanced disease taking opioids. Opioid-induced constipation (OIC) is commonly treated with laxatives and stool softeners. Recently, newer agents have come to market which broaden options for patients in whom first-line therapies are not effective. OBJECTIVE: To determine what pharmacologic regimens are currently used in hospice programs to prevent and treat OIC, whether those regimens have changed with the introduction of newer agents and evidence discouraging the use of docusate, and whether hospice programs are standardizing the management of OIC...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417181/colonic-inflammation-in-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-detection-with-magnetic-resonance-enterography
#5
Alessandro Campari, Marcello Napolitano, Giovanna Zuin, Luciano Maestri, Giovanni Di Leo, Francesco Sardanelli
BACKGROUND: Colonic involvement in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease is common. Magnetic resonance (MR) enterography is considered the best imaging modality for pediatric inflammatory bowel disease evaluation. It is unclear whether the lack of a dedicated large bowel preparation prevents a reliable colonic assessment. OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic performance of standard MR enterography in detecting and grading colonic inflammatory activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated children who underwent both MR enterography and ileocolonoscopy with biopsies <4 weeks apart...
April 17, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415434/design-and-development-of-a-hybrid-bioartificial-water-induced-shape-memory-polymeric-material-as-an-integral-component-for-the-anastomosis-of-human-hollow-organs
#6
Siriana Paonessa, Niccoletta Barbani, Elisa Cibrario Rocchietti, Claudia Giachino, Caterina Cristallini
A large number of pathologies require the resection of the bowel and anastomoses to rejoin the two remaining stumps to regain lumen patency. Various materials have been used to rejoin one bowel end to the other such as catgut, stainless steel, and absorbable sutures. The present method for anastomosis surgery uses an entero-entero anastomosis (EEA) circular stapler with only a staple line. This method can have some drawbacks, such as intracellular fluid leakage and local inflammations. The aim of this study is to design and develop a novel bioartificial polymer with a ring shape made of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and gelatin (80/20 ratio (w/w)) loaded both directly with acetylsalicylic acid and with nanoparticles incorporating the same drug to reduce local inflammation even for a prolonged period of time...
June 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408995/multiple-zonal-and-multi-zone-adenoma-detection-rates-according-to-quality-of-cleansing-during-colonoscopy
#7
Stefano Pontone, Cesare Hassan, Roberta Maselli, Paolo Pontone, Rita Angelini, Manuela Brighi, Gregorio Patrizi, Daniele Pironi, Fabio Massimo Magliocca, Angelo Filippini
BACKGROUND: The safety and diagnostic accuracy of colonoscopy depend on the quality of colon cleansing. The adenoma detection rate is usually used as a quality measurement score. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to introduce and evaluate three new parameters to determine polyps and adenomas segmental localization and their distribution in association with different bowel preparation levels during colonoscopy. We introduce the multiple adenoma detection rate (the percentage of patients with >2 adenomas diagnosed during colonoscopy), the zonal adenoma detection rate (the percentage of patients with >2 adenomas diagnosed during colonoscopy in different colon areas (rectum, sigmoid, descending, transverse, ascending and cecum colon)), and multi-zone adenoma detection rate (the percentage of patients with >2 adenomas diagnosed during colonoscopy in different colon areas with at least a segment between them with or without lesions (i...
December 2016: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401738/clinical-comparison-of-the-efficacy-of-three-different-bowel-preparation-methods-on-the-infectious-complications-following-transrectal-ultrasonography-guided-prostate-biopsy-in-nursing-practice
#8
Xin-Hong Zhang, Yong Jia, Wei-Hua Guo, Yu-Rong Ma, Jing Yang, Yu Zhang, Si-Chuan Hou, Chang-Cun Zhang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of three different bowel preparation methods on the incidence of infectious complications in patients who underwent transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) guided prostate biopsy. BACKGROUND: The standard bowel preparation protocol for prostate biopsy has not been established. DESIGN: A retrospective study in a single center. METHODS: From January 2013 to December 2015, the clinical records of 1130 patients who underwent prostate biopsy were respectively reviewed...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397133/the-role-of-diet-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#9
REVIEW
Raina Shivashankar, James D Lewis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diet may play both a causal and therapeutic role for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Physicians caring for patients with IBD are often asked to make dietary recommendations. However, there are no well-established guidelines on the use of diet as a treatment of IBD. In this review, we describe the evidence supporting diet as a potential cause for IBD, patient-perceived symptoms based on diet, current research on various diets as a treatment for IBD, and areas of future research...
May 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396341/bioactivity-of-oral-linaclotide-in-human-colorectum-for-cancer-chemoprevention
#10
David S Weinberg, Jieru E Lin, Nathan R Foster, Gary J Della'Zanna, Asad Umar, Drew K Seisler, Walter K Kraft, David M Kastenberg, Leo C Katz, Paul J Limburg, Scott A Waldman
Guanylate cyclase C (GUCY2C) is a tumor suppressing receptor silenced by loss of expression of its luminocrine hormones guanylin and uroguanylin early in colorectal carcinogenesis. This observation suggests oral replacement with a GUCY2C agonist may be an effective targeted chemoprevention agent. Linaclotide is an FDA approved oral GUCY2C agonist formulated for gastric release, inducing fluid secretion into the small bowel to treat chronic idiopathic constipation. The ability of oral linaclotide to induce a pharmacodynamic response in epithelial cells of the colorectum in humans remains undefined...
April 10, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393302/shortened-oral-contrast-preparation-for-improved-small-bowel-distension-at-mr-enterography
#11
M I J Bekendam, C A J Puylaert, S K S S Phoa, C Y Nio, J Stoker
PURPOSE: Adequate small bowel distension in MR enterography is important for the evaluation of disease activity in Crohn's disease patients. While distension of the distal small bowel can be achieved using standard oral contrast preparation, proximal small bowel distension remains a common impediment. The aim of this study was to compare small bowel distension between a 60-min oral contrast preparation and a 45-min oral contrast preparation. METHODS: Fifty retrospectively included patients with a 60-min oral preparation protocol and 50 prospectively included patients with a 45-min three-portion oral preparation protocol were included in the study...
April 9, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393103/efficacy-and-safety-of-picoprep-tailored-dosing-compared-with-picoprep-day-before-dosing-for-colon-cleansing-a-multi-centric-randomised-study
#12
Ralf Kiesslich, Stefan Schubert, Michael Mross, Tobias Klugmann, Michael Klemt-Kropp, Imke Behnken, Gillaume Bonnaud, Eric Keulen, Marcel Groenen, Michael Blaker, Thierry Ponchon, Wilfred Landry, Meredin Stoltenberg
Background and study aims The success of any colonoscopy procedure depends upon the quality of bowel preparation. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of a new tailored dosing (TD) regimen compared with the approved PICOPREP day-before dosing regimen (DBD) in the European Union. Patient and methods Patients (≥ 18 years) undergoing colonoscopy were randomised (2:1) to TD (Dose 1, 10 - 18 hours; Dose 2, 4 - 6 hours before colonoscopy) or DBD (Dose 1 before 8:00AM on the day before colonoscopy; Dose 2, 6 - 8 hours after Dose 1)...
April 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390559/optimal-timing-for-faecal-tagging-in-same-day-ct-colonography-for-patients-with-failed-colonoscopy
#13
Sushant Saluja, Grazvydas Gaikstas, Milan Sapundzieski
AIM: Same day CT colonography (CTC) for incomplete colonoscopy should be considered to avoid the need for further bowel preparation. Oral administration of contrast is essential for optimal colonic analysis of the CTC. Our aim was to determine the optimal time for giving contrast to people who underwent same day CTC after failed colonoscopy. METHODS: Data was extracted from the Trust database to identify the number of CTC referrals following failed or incomplete colonoscopy within the last 5 years, and the reason for their referral...
May 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390554/a-national-survey-of-current-practices-of-preparation-and-management-of-radical-prostate-radiotherapy-patients-during-treatment
#14
H Nightingale, R Conroy, T Elliott, C Coyle, J P Wylie, A Choudhury
AIMS: Radiotherapy is an important radical treatment for prostate cancer patients with services continually evolving. This survey aims to gain an insight in to the variation of radiotherapy practices in the UK, focussing on pre-treatment preparations, on-treatment review and management of radical prostate cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy. To our knowledge this is the first survey reported focussing on prostate radiotherapy practices with responses from a mix of health professionals...
May 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385289/use-of-a-novel-docosahexaenoic-acid-formulation-vs-control-in-a-neonatal-porcine-model-of-short-bowel-syndrome-leads-to-greater-intestinal-absorption-and-higher-systemic-levels-of-dha
#15
Camilia R Martin, Barbara Stoll, Joanne Cluette-Brown, Adesola C Akinkuotu, Oluyinka O Olutoye, Kathleen M Gura, Pratibha Singh, Munir M Zaman, Michael C Perillo, Mark Puder, Steven D Freedman, Doug Burrin
Infants with short bowel syndrome (SBS) are at high risk for malabsorption, malnutrition, and failure to thrive. The objective of this study was to evaluate in a porcine model of SBS, the systemic absorption of a novel enteral Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) formulation that forms micelles independent of bile salts (DHA-ALT®). We hypothesized that enteral delivery of DHA-ALT® would result in higher blood levels of DHA compared to a control DHA preparation due to improved intestinal absorption. SBS was induced in term piglets through a 75% mid-jejunoileal resection and the piglets randomized to either DHA-ALT® or control DHA formulation (N=5 per group) for 4 postoperative days...
March 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383453/predictors-of-anastomotic-leak-in-elderly-patients-after-colectomy-nomogram-based-assessment-from-the-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-program-procedure-targeted-cohort
#16
Ahmet Rencuzogullari, Cigdem Benlice, Michael Valente, Maher A Abbas, Feza H Remzi, Emre Gorgun
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients undergoing colorectal surgery have increasingly become under scrutiny by accounting for the largest fraction of geriatric postoperative deaths and a significant proportion of all postoperative complications, including anastomotic leak. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine predictors of anastomotic leak in elderly patients undergoing colectomy by creating a novel nomogram for simplistic prediction of anastomotic leak risk in a given patient...
May 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382323/the-impact-of-diet-liberalization-on-bowel-preparation-for-colonoscopy
#17
James Walter, Gloria Francis, Rebecca Matro, Ramalinga Kedika, Rachael Grosso, Scott W Keith, David Kastenberg
Background and study aims Dietary restrictions are integral to colonoscopy preparation and impact patient satisfaction. Utilizing split-dose, lower-volume polyethylene glycol 3350-electrolyte solution (PEG-ELS), this study compared colon preparation adequacy of a low-residue diet to clear liquids using a validated grading scale. Patients and methods This was a prospective, randomized, single-blinded, single-center non-inferiority study evaluating diet the day prior to outpatient colonoscopy. Subjects were randomized to a Low-Residue diet for breakfast and lunch, or Clears only...
April 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379020/-contribution-of-ct-colonography-to-clinical-practice
#18
Lukáš Lambert, Lucie Šimáková
CT colonography is a CT examination focused on the detection of colonic polyps and masses. Its most common indications include incomplete optical colonoscopy and generally personal preference in symptomatic or frail patients. CT colonography has a diagnostic yield similar to optical colonoscopy. It is less demanding for the patient, has shorter examination times, lower rates of adverse effects (including bowel perforation) and allows limited evaluation of extracolonic structures. In 10-15 % of asymptomatic patients, optical colonoscopy is needed if either a colonic polyp or mass is detected...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376974/impact-of-health-literacy-directed-colonoscopy-bowel-preparation-instruction-sheet
#19
Terry C Davis, Jill Hancock, James Morris, Perry Branim, Abhishek Seth, Alfred Rademaker, Connie L Arnold
OBJECTIVES: To improve patient colonoscopy bowel preparation with a newly developed simplified instruction sheet in a safety-net hospital system. METHODS: Bowel preparation quality was compared in a retrospective chart review of 543 patients, 287 of whom received standard instructions (9th grade reading level) between November 2015 and February 2016, and 256 of whom received simplified instructions (6th grade level) between March and May 2016. Instructions were mailed to all patients...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376885/citrobacter-braakii-bacteremia-induced-septic-shock-after-colonoscopy-preparation-with-polyethylene-glycol-in-a-critically-ill-patient-a-case-report
#20
Tetsuya Yumoto, Yoshiyasu Kono, Seiji Kawano, Chihiro Kamoi, Atsuyoshi Iida, Motoko Nose, Keiji Sato, Toyomu Ugawa, Hiroyuki Okada, Yoshihito Ujike, Atsunori Nakao
BACKGROUND: Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is widely used for bowel cleaning in preparation for colonoscopy because of its safety. Septic shock after PEG preparation is an extremely rare complication. Herein, we describe a case of septic shock that occurred immediately after colonoscopy preparation with PEG. CASE PRESENTATION: A 75-year-old Japanese male who had previously developed diabetes after total pancreatectomy received PEG in preparation for colonoscopy. He had been admitted to the emergency intensive care unit 4 days earlier due to hematochezia presenting with shock...
April 4, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
keyword
keyword
73348
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"