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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791424/-primary-biliary-cholangitis-part-2-state-of-the-art-diagnosis-associated-diseases-treatment-and-prognosis
#1
Diego Andrés Rodríguez Lugo, Jorge Julián Coronado Tovar, Giovana Alejandra Solano Villamarin, Wiliam Otero Regino
Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a chronic autoimmune cholangiopathy characterized by a selective destruction of biliary epithelial cells of small and medium caliber hepatic ducts, which mainly affects women. The main symptoms are fatigue and pruritus, however, a large proportion of patients may be asymptomatic. The diagnosis is based on AMA titers >1:40, alkaline phosphatase >1.5 times the upper limit for more than 24 weeks and compatible liver histology. It is associated with multiple autoimmune diseases mainly extrahepatic, thyroid diseases, bone diseases, among others...
January 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786567/how-to-incorporate-academic-writing-pedagogy-in-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education
#2
Viktoriia G Kostenko, Iryna M Solohor
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Medical researchers, who are non-native English speakers, are facing now the growing need to publish their research results in international journals switching to an English-only policy, to apply for grants and scholarship, but at the same time this puts many authors whose native language is not English at a disadvantage compared to their English-speaking counterparts. The aim: This paper aims at analysing the existing parameters of academic writing proficiency of medical undergraduate and postgraduate students; elucidating current approaches to develop academic writing competency and to promote academic multi-literacy of junior researchers, and outlining the general recommendations to improve the quality and sophistication of their writing by incorporating the principles and achievements of academic writing pedagogy into the system of medical training...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785283/reporting-and-appraising-the-context-process-and-impact-of-ppi-on-contributors-researchers-and-the-trial-during-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-3d-study
#3
Cindy Mann, Simon Chilcott, Katrina Plumb, Edmund Brooks, Mei-See Man
Plain English summary: Including patient and public involvement (PPI) in health research is thought to improve research but it is hard to be clear exactly how it helps. This is because PPI takes many forms, is sometimes only token and is not always reported clearly. This makes it difficult to combine the evidence so that clear conclusions can be reached about the ingredients of successful PPI and what PPI achieves. Previous research that has tried to combine the evidence has led to several guidelines for researchers to use in setting up and reporting PPI...
2018: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775505/visualization-and-quantitative-detection-of-friction-force-by-self-organized-organic-layered-composites
#4
Hideto Terada, Hiroaki Imai, Yuya Oaki
Visualization and quantitative detection of external stimuli are significant challenges in materials science. Quantitative detection of friction force, a mechanical stress, is not easily achieved using conventional stimuli-responsive materials. Here, the quantitative detection of friction force is reported, such as the strength and accumulated ammount, from the visible color of organic layered composites consisting of polydiacetylene (PDA) and organic amines without an excitation light source. The composites of the layered diacetylene monomer crystal and interlayer organic amine are synthesized through self-organization from the precursor solution...
May 18, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771199/narrative-intervention-stories-from-the-front-lines-of-oncology-health-care
#5
Nicole M Saint-Louis, Joretha N Bourjolly
This study examined the experiences of health care professionals who participated in monthly narrative oncology groups. Ten professionals participated in separate, semi-structured, face-to-face interviews. Using a qualitative research design, the transcriptions of the interviews were analyzed using a phenomenological approach. The analysis yielded descriptive information about the professionals' positive experiences of participating in narrative oncology sessions and provides insight into the importance of such a group through five themes: (1) Shared perspectives and bearing witness, (2) Comfort in confidentiality and a safe-space, (3) Group-care becomes self-care, (4) Writing gives structure, and (5) Patient stories...
May 17, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770085/a-guide-to-publishing-scientific-research-in-the-health-sciences
#6
P Huston, Bck Choi
Effective communication of scientific research is critical to advancing science and optimizing the impact of one's professional work. This article provides a guide on preparing scientific manuscripts for publication in the health sciences. It is geared to health professionals who are starting to report their findings in peer-reviewed journals or who would like to refresh their knowledge in this area. It identifies five key steps. First, adopt best practices in scientific publications, including collaborative writing and ethical reporting...
September 7, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761564/laser-induced-molybdenum-carbide-graphene-composites-for-3d-foldable-paper-electronics
#7
Xining Zang, Caiwei Shen, Yao Chu, Buxuan Li, Minsong Wei, Junwen Zhong, Mohan Sanghadasa, Liwei Lin
Versatile and low-cost manufacturing processes/materials are essential for the development of paper electronics. Here, a direct-write laser patterning process is developed to make conductive molybdenum carbide-graphene (MCG) composites directly on paper substrates. The hierarchically porous MCG structures are converted from fibrous paper soaked with the gelatin-mediated inks containing molybdenum ions. The resulting Mo3 C2 and graphene composites are mechanically stable and electrochemically active for various potential applications, such as electrochemical ion detectors and gas sensors, energy harvesters, and supercapacitors...
May 15, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753537/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-the-right-to-privacy
#8
Pierre Mallia
The data protection directive of the EU was set up to allow the freedom of movement of people between member states. This has the consequence of allowing the freedom of transfer of data between member states in research. The paper discusses three cases discussed during the project to see whether RECs can refuse research based on concern for data protection in some member states. Since the directive is not, as commonly thought, intended to protect the rights and freedoms of individuals - something which is the function of the Data Protection Acts of individual states, Member States do not have a right to prohibit research based on data laws...
May 9, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753536/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-doctors-in-star-trek-correctly-compassionate-caring-kantian-zampolit
#9
Victor Grech, Elizabeth Grech, Jason T Eberl
Doctors in Star Trek are vital and central characters, often crucial in helping their captains to reach command decisions. They are also interdisciplinarians, performing not only medical tasks but also any form of work related to all fields of biology. Furthermore, these doctors also carry out any required research that pertains to the biological sciences. It is perhaps this unique blend of skills, combined with a fundamental orientation towards humanism and compassion, that leads to their default position, de facto, if not de jure, as the crew's ethics officers, a role that they embrace with as much dedication and zeal as the former Soviet communist political officers/commissars (the Zampolit) did theirs...
May 9, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752324/dances-with-denial-have-medical-oncology-outpatients-conveyed-their-end-of-life-wishes-and-do-they-want-to
#10
Amy Waller, Charles Douglas, Rob Sanson-Fisher, Nicholas Zdenkowski, Angela Pearce, Tiffany Evans, Justin Walsh
Objectives: This study surveyed a sample of medical oncology outpatients to determine (1) the proportion who have already discussed and documented their end-of-life (EOL) wishes; (2) when and with whom they would prefer to convey their EOL wishes; (3) the EOL issues they would want to discuss; and (4) the association between perceived cancer status and advance care planning (ACP) participation. Methods: Adult medical oncology outpatients were approached in the waiting room of an Australian tertiary treatment center...
May 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750353/who-is-my-jung-memories-reflections-prospects
#11
Martin Stone
The author describes his personal and professional journey in relation to the subject of the AJA 40th anniversary conference, 'Who is my Jung?' The first part of the paper covers his early life and his attempt to bring together two opposing parts within him: valuation of a scientific approach, and an interest in the inner world, dreams and the paranormal. Discussion of his professional life follows, including his relationship with Gerhard Adler, past problems and splits within the Jungian community and the author's attempts to heal these...
June 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748952/disentangling-tourette-syndrome-heterogeneity-through-hierarchical-ascendant-clustering
#12
Elena Cravedi, Emmanuelle Deniau, Marianna Giannitelli, Hugues Pellerin, Virginie Czernecki, Tiphanie Priou, Jean Xavier, Angèle Consoli, Andreas Hartmann, David Cohen
AIM: To explore the heterogeneity of Tourette syndrome as part of a neurodevelopmental spectrum. METHOD: Using hierarchical ascendant clustering based on tic symptoms, developmental milestones, and neurodevelopmental comorbidities, we analyzed the heterogeneity of Tourette syndrome phenotypes in a sample of 174 children and adolescents with Tourette syndrome referred to a tertiary university clinic. RESULTS: The model yielded three distinct clusters characterized as follows...
May 10, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745782/blended-sort-it-for-operational-research-capacity-building-the-model-its-successes-and-challenges
#13
Tom Decroo, Rafael Van den Bergh, Ajay M V Kumar, Rony Zachariah, Erin Schillberg, Philip Owiti, Wilma van den Boogaard, Guido Benedetti, Safieh Shah, Engy Ali, Anthony D Harries, Anthony J Reid
The Structured Operational Research Training Initiative (SORT-IT) has been shown to be very effective in strengthening capacity for conducting operational research, publishing in scientific journals and fostering policy and practice change. The 'classic' model includes three face-to-face modules during which, respectively, a study protocol, a data analysis plan, and a manuscript are elaborated. Meanwhile, the lectures of the SORT-IT are available online as YouTube videos. Given the availability of this online material and the experiences with online mentorship of the faculty, we piloted a first blended distance/residential SORT-IT...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743434/alternative-patterning-methods-for-paper-based-analytical-devices-using-nail-polish-as-a-hydrophobic-reagent
#14
Thiphol Satarpai, Atitaya Siripinyanond
A rapid, easy, and cost effective fabrication method for paper-based analytical devices (PADs) is described. This newly developed method is based on the use of nail polish as an alternative hydrophobic reagent, and the nail polish was resistant to basic and organic solvents. Three approaches for fabrication of paper-based analytical devices (PADs) were investigated, namely writing, stamping, and spraying. The writing approach was carried out by drawing the hydrophobic area of a pre-designed pattern on filter paper with a simple lab-made pen filled with nail polish as the hydrophobic agent...
2018: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739473/undergraduate-medical-research-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-gcc-countries-a-descriptive-study-of-the-students-perspective
#15
Zaid Sayedalamin, Taher Fawzy Halawa, Mukhtiar Baig, Osama Almutairi, Hassan Allam, Tahir Jameel, Zohair Jamil Gazzaz, Hazem Atta
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of research-oriented physicians in several Arab countries and especially in Gulf region countries. In this context, it is important to explore medical students' perceptions and motivations towards research. The aim of the present study was to investigate research attitude, practices, and motivations among medical students from GCC countries. RESULTS: There were 228 students who participated in this study (male 88, females 140). Thirty-eight percent of the students were participating from Saudi Arabia, 20...
May 8, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735271/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-ethical-issues-and-data-protection-in-research
#16
Victor Grech
Medical ethics and related topics such as data protection are often viewed as extraneous encumberments by researchers. However these fields provide guidelines for correct conduct and are mostly common sense. This Best Practice Guideline collection will focus on various related aspects pertaining to ethics in publication, and this paper will outline the key points in each of these papers in the collection.
May 4, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731263/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-recruitment-for-research
#17
Pierre Mallia
The recruitment of patients must occur in accordance with approved standards. Speaking to a patient during a routine clinical consultation and offering to participate in a research, even if consented to, can only be an introduction to the recruitment process. The potential participant must then be referred to a competent person who explains the reasons for the research, why the patient is a good candidate, what the requirements from the participant will be, such as any additional visits and blood samples to be taken, how long the research will last, any compensation and what type of research is to be undertaken, such as a double blind-controlled trial and what it means...
May 3, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731262/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-plagiarism-and-the-ethics-of-dealing-with-colleagues
#18
Josanne Vassallo
This paper aims to define and discuss the various forms and degrees of plagiarism. The potential consequences of this particular form of scientific misconduct will be highlighted. The overarching principles in ensuring adherence to research and work ethics are reviewed and the necessity for honesty, objectivity, integrity, respect for intellectual property, confidentiality as well as responsible publication emphasised. The "Publish or Perish" mantra has led to an increasing need for an understanding of the responsibilities related to authorship, acknowledgments and what these encompass...
May 3, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731261/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-ethics-approval-for-a-research-study-2
#19
Pierre Mallia
Research Ethics Committees are composed of a minimum of five members which include a lay person, a member from a different institution and at least another three members which should be versed in ethics. Legal and expert advisors can be sought by the committee. The REC will require a detailed protocol from the researcher including the curriculum of the principal investigator and all other researchers under him/her. The protocol should include all details of the research to be undertaken including a detailed description, the reasons for the research, literature pertaining to the research, a clear description of the target population, the actual consent form including what information is to be given to the participants, a declaration where necessary that things prohibited by the law (such as use of embryonic stem cells if this is the case in the country [2] will not be researchers, and a declaration that the relevant directives and rules and procedures which the REC falls under will be followed...
May 3, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731260/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-informed-consent-in-research
#20
Pierre Mallia
The autonomy of patients participating in research means that a proper informed consent process must take place. This means that information must be given according to a reasonable person standard implying what legally and ethical a reasonable person participating in the research would want to know. The research must assure that the patient has understood all the information given and that a voluntary choice has been made. This means that no form of coercion must take place and that information must not be manipulated in such a way as to influence the participant...
May 3, 2018: Early Human Development
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