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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105759/visualizing-indented-writing-on-thermal-paper-by-the-controlled-application-of-heat
#1
Matthew Johnson, John W Bond
Indented writing on thermal paper made with either one, two, or three sheets of paper above the thermal paper has been visualized by the controlled application of heat to the thermal paper at temperatures below the paper's normal color change temperature. Indentations created by applying a variable pressure to a steel letter stamp showed that, with one sheet above the thermal paper, indentations were more visible at lower pressures than with either two or three sheets above. Handwriting from 20 volunteers produced indented writing graded with most of the text clear and easy to read for all samples with one sheet above, half the samples with two sheets above and eight samples with three sheets above...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103404/hermeneutic-phenomenological-analysis-the-possibility-beyond-actuality-in-thematic-analysis
#2
Ken H M Ho, Vico C L Chiang, Doris Leung
AIMS: This paper discusses the ways researchers may become open to manifold interpretations of lived experience through thematic analysis that follows the tradition of hermeneutic phenomenology. BACKGROUND: Martin Heidegger's thinking about historical contexts of understandings and the notions of 'alētheia' and 'techne' disclose what he called meaning of lived experience, as the 'unchanging Being of changing beings'. While these notions remain central to hermeneutic phenomenological research, novice phenomenologists usually face the problem of how to incorporate these philosophical tenets into thematic analysis...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101274/enhancing-scientific-literacy-in-the-undergraduate-cell-biology-laboratory-classroom
#3
Hadiya Woodham, Gili Marbach-Ad, Gretchen Downey, Erika Tomei, Katerina Thompson
This paper describes the implementation of the Scientific Literacy in Cell Biology (SLCB) curriculum in an undergraduate biology laboratory course. The SLCB curriculum incorporated the reading and discussion of primary literature into hands-on and collaborative practical experiences. It was implemented in five stages over an 11-week period, during which students were also introduced to the theory and practice of common cell biology techniques. We report on the effectiveness of the course, as measured by pre- and post-course survey data probing students' content knowledge and their level of familiarity, confidence, and experience with different skills pertaining to analyzing (reading, interpreting, and discussing) primary literature...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100390/-how-to-write-high-quality-epidemiological-research-paper-%C3%A2-strengthening-the-reporting-of-observational-studies-in-epidemiology-nutritional-epidemiology-strobe-nut
#4
C Y Ding, Y Cao, C Yang, F Sun, S Y Zhan
Concerns have been raised about the reporting quality in nutritional epidemiology. Therefore, strengthening the reporting of observational studies in epidemiology-nutritional epidemiology (STROBE-nut) has been proposed by extending the STROBE statement to include additional recommendations on issues related to nutritional epidemiology and dietary assessment, aiming to provide more specific guidelines on how to report observational research in the field. This paper presents a brief introduction to STROBE-nut and also an explanation of the key points in the additional items, with an example illustrating the application of the checklist...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079498/how-place-and-audience-matter-perspectives-on-mathematics-plural-identities-from-late-1950s-french-and-english-middle-school-textbooks
#5
Catherine Radtka
Argument In this paper, I argue that studying school textbooks is a fruitful way to investigate mathematical conceptions in different national contexts. These sources give access to the written production of an extended mathematical milieu whose members write for various audiences. By studying the case of late 1950s French and English textbooks issued for a growing audience of 11- to 15-year-old pupils, I show that a plurality of conceptions was projected at the time onto pupils and their teachers in both national contexts...
December 2016: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079493/ernst-mach-invents-a-new-sphygmograph
#6
Alexandre Métraux
Argument The sphygmograph as designed and tested by Jules-Étienne Marey - an apparatus destined to write pulse tracings on paper - revolutionized medical diagnostics in the early 1860s. Since the accuracy with which this device registered and objectified the pulse was controversial from the outset, the young scholar Ernst Mach (soon to become a leading theoretician and philosopher) decided to thoroughly examine Marey's sphygmograph. The investigation led to the invention of an alternative, truly Machian, sphygmograph...
December 2016: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078669/maintenance-phase-in-puva-phototherapy-of-early-stage-mycosis-fungoides-a-critically-appraised-topic
#7
REVIEW
V Grandi, C Delfino, A Pileri, N Pimpinelli
A 65-years-old patient affected by mycosis fungoides stage IB achieved complete remission after a cycle of PUVA phototherapy. As suggested by USCLC guidelines(1) , the patient should be kept in maintenance phase, defined as "period of gradual decrease of frequency of UVL while in clinical remission before discontinuation of phototherapy" by slowly tapering the number of PUVA applications over time up to clinical relapse. USCLC also suggest a standardized schedule for maintenance phase (table 1). Alternatively, the patient could end PUVA therapy and go straight to follow up...
January 12, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077842/psychoanalysis-and-the-emigration-of-central-and-eastern-european-intellectuals
#8
Ferenc Erős
One of the most important phenomena in the intellectual history of the 20th century was the exodus of the European mind, the emigration of persons, ideas, techniques, and institutions in the vast areas of social, human, and natural sciences, as well as in literature and the visual arts. Among these exiled intellectuals, psychoanalysts formed a special group. This paper examines the major lines of the emigration of psychoanalysts from the countries of issue to the countries of reception. It focuses, in particular on Hungarian analysts and analytic candidates who left their country of birth in two waves, first after the failure of revolutions in 1918/19 for Berlin, and then after 1938, to escape the Nazis...
December 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075542/considering-marijuana-legalization-carefully-insights-for-other-jurisdictions-from-analysis-for-vermont
#9
Jonathan P Caulkins, Beau Kilmer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In 2014 the legislature of Vermont, USA passed a law requiring the Secretary of Administration to report on the consequences of legalizing marijuana. The RAND Corporation was commissioned to write that report. This paper summarizes insights from that analysis that are germane to other jurisdictions. METHOD: Translation of key findings from the RAND Corporation report to the broader policy debate. RESULTS: Marijuana legalization encompasses a wide range of possible regimes, distinguished along at least four dimensions: which organizations are allowed to produce and supply the drug, the regulations under which they operate, the nature of the products that can be distributed and taxes and prices...
December 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074589/on-patient-well-being-and-professional-authority
#10
Mildred Z Solomon
Two papers in this issue address the limits of surrogates' authority when making life-and-death decisions for dying family members or friends. Using palliative sedation as an example, Jeffrey Berger offers a conceptual argument for bounding surrogate authority. Since freedom from pain is an essential interest, when imminently dying, cognitively incapacitated patients are in duress and their symptoms are not manageable in any other way, clinicians should be free to offer palliative sedation without surrogate consent, although assent should be sought and every effort made to work with surrogates as harmoniously as possible...
January 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072628/clinical-recommendations-of-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-part-i-ischemic-and-valvular-heart-disease-a-position-paper-of-the-working-group-applicazioni-della-risonanza-magnetica-of-the-italian-society-of-cardiology
#11
Giovanni Donato Aquaro, Gianluca Di Bella, Silvia Castelletti, Viviana Maestrini, Pierluigi Festa, Lamia Ait-Ali, Pier Giorgio Masci, Lorenzo Monti, Gabriella di Giovine, Manuel De Lazzari, Alberto Cipriani, Andrea I Guaricci, Santo Dellegrottaglie, Alessia Pepe, Martina Perazzolo Marra, Gianluca Pontone
Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has emerged as a reliable and accurate diagnostic tool for the evaluation of patients with cardiac disease in several clinical settings and with proven additional diagnostic and prognostic value compared with other imaging modalities. This document has been developed by the working group on the 'application of CMR' of the Italian Society of Cardiology to provide a perspective on the current state of technical advances and clinical applications of CMR and to inform cardiologists on how to implement their clinical and diagnostic pathways with the inclusion of this technique in clinical practice...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072548/conference-report-biosignature-preservation-and-detection-in-mars-analog-environments
#12
Lindsay Hays, David Beaty
The Conference on Biosignature Preservation and Detection in Mars Analog Environments held in May 2016 brought together scientists to discuss microbial biosignatures in Mars analog habitable environments. Five analog environments were discussed: (1) hydrothermal spring systems, (2) subaqueous environments, (3) subaerial environments, (4) subsurface environments, and (5) iron-rich systems. This paper details the major messages that resulted from the discussions and will be followed by a review paper that adds significant detail from the published literature and interpretations from the writing committee of the workshop for future research and application to astrobiological exploration missions...
January 2017: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062944/what-pauline-doesn-t-know-using-guided-fiction-writing-to-educate-health-professionals-about-cultural-competence
#13
Lise Saffran
Research linking reading literary fiction to empathy supports health humanities programs in which reflective writing accompanies close readings of texts, both to explore principles of storytelling (narrative arc and concrete language) and to promote an examination of biases in care. Little attention has been paid to the possible contribution of guided fiction-writing in health humanities curricula toward enhancing cultural competence among health professionals, both clinical and community-based. Through an analysis of the short story "Pie Dance" by Molly Giles, juxtaposed with descriptions of specific writing exercises, this paper explains how the demands of writing fiction promote cultural competency...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061991/combination-therapy-for-fit-younger-and-older-newly-diagnosed-multiple-myeloma-patients-data-support-carfilzomib-lenalidomide-and-dexamethasone-independent-of-cytogenetic-risk-status
#14
REVIEW
Ola Landgren
In this invited paper, I was asked to critically review available literature and seek scientific and clinical evidence to argue in support of carfilzomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (KRd) as the new default therapy for fit patients with a new diagnosis of multiple myeloma (MM). When performing the review of existing data and when writing this paper it became clear to me that both KRd and bortezomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (RVd) are both recommended by established, well-respected expert guidelines...
December 2016: Seminars in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060572/-believe-it-or-not-the-medical-framing-of-rectal-foreign-bodies
#15
William J Robertson
Medical and lay attention to and intervention for rectal foreign bodies, the presence of an object in the rectum most often via insertion through the anus, has long been a source of humour and suspicion in both medical and public discourses. How do the ways medical providers write and talk to each other about rectal foreign bodies shape and reflect understandings of gender, sexuality and the (im)proper use of the anus and rectum? This paper examines the medical literature on rectal foreign bodies to shed light on the ways in which medical providers frame rectal foreign bodies...
January 6, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059772/paper-writing-gone-hollywood
#16
Jeffrey J McDonnell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058648/realization-of-iii-v-semiconductor-periodic-nanostructures-by-laser-direct-writing-technique
#17
Yuan-Qing Huang, Rong Huang, Qing-Lu Liu, Chang-Cheng Zheng, Ji-Qiang Ning, Yong Peng, Zi-Yang Zhang
In this paper, we demonstrated the fabrication of one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) periodic nanostructures on III-V GaAs substrates utilizing laser direct writing (LDW) technique. Metal thin films (Ti) and phase change materials (Ge2Sb2Te5 (GST) and Ge2Sb1.8Bi0.2Te5 (GSBT)) were chosen as photoresists to achieve small feature sizes of semiconductor nanostructures. A minimum feature size of about 50 nm about a quarter of the optical diffraction limit was obtained on the photoresists, and 1D III-V semiconductor nanolines with a minimum width of 150 nm were successfully acquired on the GaAs substrate which was smaller than the best results acquired on Si substrate ever reported...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048504/th-c-204-00-medical-physics-workshop-an-update-on-the-journal-s-improvement-activities-and-guidance-on-writing-and-reviewing-papers
#18
Jeffrey Williamson
In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is "to continue the Journal's tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048344/we-e-204-01-astro-based-journals
#19
E Klein
: Research papers authored by Medical Physicists address a large spectrum of oncologic, imaging, or basic research problems; exploit a wide range of physical and engineering methodologies; and often describe the efforts of a multidisciplinary research team. Given dozens of competing journals accepting medical physics articles, it may not be clear to an individual author which journal is the best venue for disseminating their work to the scientific community. Relevant factors usually include the Journal's audience and scientific impact, but also such factors as perceived acceptance rate, interest in their topic, and quality of service...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048316/th-c-204-03-writing-good-scientific-papers-and-responding-to-critiques
#20
M Goodsitt
In this presentation, the Editors will outline our vision for the future of Medical Physics and review recent work-in-progress initiatives to implement this vision. Finally, we will close with guidance to authors on how to write a good Medical Physics paper. A major focus will be the transition to a new publisher in 2017 following a more than 40-year association with American Institute of Physics Publishing (AIPP). Vision for Medical Physics and status of current initiatives: Jeff Williamson, Editor-in-Chief The broad vision of Medical Physics is "to continue the Journal's tradition of publishing the very best science that propels our discipline forward and improves our contribution to patient care...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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