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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916330/brains-language-and-the-argumentative-mind-in-western-and-eastern-societies-the-fertile-differences-between-western-eastern-argumentative-traditions
#1
REVIEW
Jordi Vallverdú
The philosophical differences between Western and Eastern philosophy not only derive from general cultural ideas about reality, but as Nisbet writes (2003), are also methodological, ontological, and cognitively driven. Thus, we can see that strategies of thought and theory-generation are constrained and enabled by conceptual levels, and that the existence of differences and within these levels may be pragmatically combined in fruitful ways. At this point, I remark that there is not a single way to connect biology and culture, but at least we need to admit that brains allow the existence of minds and that these create languages, which also organize the world symbolically following a long set of (sometimes interconnected) heuristics...
September 12, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913380/questionable-word-choice-in-scientific-writing-in-orthopedic-surgery
#2
Casey M O'Connor, Mariano E Menendez, Kevin Hughes, David Ring
BACKGROUND: Given the strong influence of thoughts, emotions, and behaviors on musculoskeletal symptoms and limitations it's important that both scientific and lay writing use the most positive, hopeful, and adaptive words and concepts consistent with medical evidence. The use of words that might reinforce misconceptions about preference-sensitive conditions (particularly those associated with age) could increase symptoms and limitations and might also distract patients from the treatment preferences they would select when informed and at ease...
July 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901633/response-to-mortazavi-s-comment
#3
Bellieni Carlo Valerio, Giuseppe Buonocore
Mortazavi's comment (1) on our letter (2) on whether electromagnetic fields (EMF) in incubators are a risk factor for autism contains several points that need to be corrected. First, we did not base our observations just on our previous papers as Mortazavi maintains. In fact, our observations were also based on several more papers about EMF in incubators, including the paper by Calvente et al, which was published in 2017 (3). Second, it is incorrect to write that a very simple intervention, such as changing the infants' sleep position, namely the position of the head and feet, can lead to a significant drop, as big as several orders of magnitude, in the infant's brain exposure (1), because in most incubators EMF levels are similar at all points of the mattress...
September 13, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895145/in-between-mental-evolution-and-unconscious-memory-lamarckism-darwinism-and-professionalism-in-late-victorian-britain
#4
Cristiano Turbil
In 1884 Samuel Butler published a collection of essays entitled Remarks on George Romanes' Mental Evolution, where he attempted to show how Romanes' idea of mental evolution presented similarities with his theory of unconscious memory. By looking at Romanes' work through Butler's writing, this article will reevaluate some aspects of their works regarding the complex debate about memory, heredity, and instinct. This paper will explore the main differences and similarities between Romanes' science and Butler's writing on science both in terms of their ideas and contents...
September 12, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895068/hughlings-jackson-and-the-doctrine-of-concomitance-mind-brain-theorising-between-metaphysics-and-the-clinic
#5
M Chirimuuta
John Hughlings Jackson (1835-1911) is a major figure at the origins of neurology and neuroscience in Britain. Alongside his contributions to clinical medicine, he left a large corpus of writing on localisation of function in the nervous system and other theoretical topics. In this paper I focus on Jackson's "doctrine of concomitance"-his parallelist theory of the mind-brain relationship. I argue that the doctrine can be given both an ontological and a causal interpretation, and that the causal aspect of the doctrine is especially significant for Jackson and his contemporaries...
September 11, 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894275/direct-laser-writing-of-a-new-type-of-waveguides-in-silver-containing-glasses
#6
Alain Abou Khalil, Jean-Philippe Bérubé, Sylvain Danto, Jean-Charles Desmoulin, Thierry Cardinal, Yannick Petit, Réal Vallée, Lionel Canioni
Direct laser writing in glasses is a growing field of research in photonics since it provides a robust and efficient way to directly address 3D material structuring. Generally, direct laser writing in glasses induces physical modifications such as refractive index changes that have been classified under three different types (Type I, II & III). In a silver-containing zinc phosphate glass, direct laser writing additionally proceeds via the formation of silver clusters at the periphery of the interaction voxel...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890601/impact-of-rram-read-fluctuations-on-the-program-verify-approach
#7
David M Nminibapiel, Dmitry Veksler, J-H Kim, Pragya R Shrestha, Jason P Campbell, Jason T Ryan, Helmut Baumgart, Kin P Cheung
The stochastic nature of the conductive filaments in oxide-based resistive memory (RRAM) represents a sizeable impediment to commercialization. As such, program-verify methodologies are highly alluring. However, it was recently shown that program-verify methods are unworkable due to strong resistance state relaxation after SET/RESET programming. In this paper, we demonstrate that resistance state relaxation is not the main culprit. Instead, it is fluctuation-induced false-reading (triggering) that defeats the program-verify method, producing a large distribution tail immediately after programming...
June 2017: IEEE Electron Device Lett
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886888/thinking-with-pleasure-experimenting-with-drugs-and-drug-research
#8
Kane Race
Within the field of drug and alcohol studies, researchers think about pleasure or against it; we analyse, consider, investigate, invoke or ignore it. The philosophically inclined may think of pleasure or write on it, but in each of these scenarios pleasure is kept at an arm's length while the researcher appears to remain unmoved - detached observers, objective scientists, conceptual experts, program directors, sharp critics, policy advocates - sober judges whose sovereignty is secured by the formal conventions of positivist research, established theory, institutional authority and/or disciplinary knowledge...
September 5, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886720/development-of-an-electrooculogram-based-eye-computer-interface-for-communication-of-individuals-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#9
Won-Du Chang, Ho-Seung Cha, Do Yeon Kim, Seung Hyun Kim, Chang-Hwan Im
BACKGROUND: Electrooculogram (EOG) can be used to continuously track eye movements and can thus be considered as an alternative to conventional camera-based eye trackers. Although many EOG-based eye tracking systems have been studied with the ultimate goal of providing a new way of communication for individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), most of them were tested with healthy people only. In this paper, we investigated the feasibility of EOG-based eye-writing as a new mode of communication for individuals with ALS...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880842/current-misconceptions-in-diagnosis-and-management-of-iron-deficiency
#10
REVIEW
Manuel Muñoz, Susana Gómez-Ramírez, Martin Besser, José Pavía, Fernando Gomollón, Giancarlo M Liumbruno, Sunil Bhandari, Mercé Cladellas, Aryeh Shander, Michael Auerbach
The prevention and treatment of iron deficiency is a major public health goal. Challenges in the treatment of iron deficiency include finding and addressing the underlying cause and the selection of an iron replacement product which meets the needs of the patient. However, there are a number of non-evidence-based misconceptions regarding the diagnosis and management of iron deficiency, with or without anaemia, as well as inconsistency of terminology and lack of clear guidance on clinical pathways. In particular, the pathogenesis of iron deficiency is still frequently not addressed and iron not replaced, with indiscriminate red cell transfusion used as a default therapy...
September 2017: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875719/the-2016-ranzcp-guidelines-for-the-management-of-schizophrenia-and-related-disorders-what-s-next
#11
Assen Jablensky, David J Castle, Frances Dark, Verity Humberstone, Eoin Killackey, Jayashri Kulkarni, Patrick McGorry, Vera A Morgan, Olav Nielssen, Nga Tran, Cherrie Galletly
OBJECTIVES: The recently published RANZCP guidelines for schizophrenia and related disorders reviewed recent scientific evidence, and, where lacking, referred to clinical expertise to supply a template for raising the standard of care. This paper builds on the guidelines and recommends how they might be used to improve outcomes. METHODS: The guidelines call for evidence-based mental health policies, inclusive of mobilising affected families, communities and the public in support of policies that ensure better care and protect the wellbeing of people with severe mental disorders...
September 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875269/the-programming-optimization-of-capacitorless-1t-dram-based-on-the-dual-gate-tfet
#12
Wei Li, Hongxia Liu, Shulong Wang, Shupeng Chen, Qianqiong Wang
The larger volume of capacitor and higher leakage current of transistor have become the inherent disadvantages for the traditional one transistor (1T)-one capacitor (1C) dynamic random access memory (DRAM). Recently, the tunneling FET (TFET) is applied in DRAM cell due to the low off-state current and high switching ratio. The dual-gate TFET (DG-TFET) DRAM cell with the capacitorless structure has the superior performance-higher retention time (RT) and weak temperature dependence. But the performance of TFET DRAM cell is sensitive to programming condition...
September 6, 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873782/writing-good-quality-assistive-technology-assessment-reports
#13
Renzo Andrich
The study reported in this paper developed criteria and guidelines for writing up a good-quality AT Assessment Report - a document which is often required to activate an assistive technology intervention for an individual client. The Report should provide precise recommendations about the assistive solutions that best meet the client's needs, explain the underlying reasoning, provide evidence of appropriateness for the funding agency and set the baseline for later measurement of the outcomes of the intervention...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870436/how-to-write-a-high-quality-multiple-choice-question-mcq-a-guide-for-clinicians
#14
REVIEW
P A Coughlin, C R Featherstone
Despite the variety of assessment tools available, multiple choice questions (MCQs) still play an integral part in examinations at both a national and speciality board level. MCQs have a number of methodological advantages yet their strength is related to the quality of the question posed. Specifically, there has been a move towards the MCQ testing a taxonomically higher order concept of integration-interpretation and problem solving. This paper focuses on question development and the potential pitfalls to avoid...
September 1, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868609/how-automated-image-analysis-techniques-help-scientists-in-species-identification-and-classification
#15
Elham Yousef Kalafi, Christopher Town, Sarinder Kaur Dhillon
Identification of taxonomy at a specific level is time consuming and reliant upon expert ecologists. Hence the demand for automated species identification increased over the last two decades. Automation of data classification is primarily focussed on images, incorporating and analysing image data has recently become easier due to developments in computational technology. Research efforts in identification of species include specimens' image processing, extraction of identical features, followed by classifying them into correct categories...
September 4, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866561/graphiti-interactive-specification-of-attribute-based-edges-for-network-modeling-and-visualization
#16
Arjun Srinivasan, Hyunwoo Park, Alex Endert, Rahul C Basole
Network visualizations, often in the form of node-link diagrams, are an effective means to understand relationships between entities, discover entities with interesting characteristics, and to identify clusters. While several existing tools allow users to visualize pre-defined networks, creating these networks from raw data remains a challenging task, often requiring users to program custom scripts or write complex SQL commands. Some existing tools also allow users to both visualize and model networks. Interaction techniques adopted by these tools often assume users know the exact conditions for defining edges in the resulting networks...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866524/visualizing-nonlinear-narratives-with-story-curves
#17
Nam Wook Kim, Benjamin Bach, Hyejin Im, Sasha Schriber, Markus Gross, Hanspeter Pfister
In this paper, we present story curves, a visualization technique for exploring and communicating nonlinear narratives in movies. A nonlinear narrative is a storytelling device that portrays events of a story out of chronological order, e.g., in reverse order or going back and forth between past and future events. Many acclaimed movies employ unique narrative patterns which in turn have inspired other movies and contributed to the broader analysis of narrative patterns in movies. However, understanding and communicating nonlinear narratives is a difficult task due to complex temporal disruptions in the order of events as well as no explicit records specifying the actual temporal order of the underlying story...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862426/digitally-controlled-procedure-for-assembling-fully-drawn-paper-based-electroanalytical-platforms
#18
Nicolò Dossi, Stefano Petrazzi, Rosanna Toniolo, Franco Tubaro, Fabio Terzi, Evandro Piccin, Rossella Svigelj, Gino Bontempelli
A simple, reliable, and low-cost fabrication method is proposed here for assembling paper-based electrochemical devices (PEDs) using a commercial desktop digitally controlled plotter/cutter, together with ordinary writing tools. Permanent markers (tips of 1 mm) were used to create effective hydrophobic barriers on paper, while micromechanical pencils (mounting 4B graphite leads, 0.5 mm in diameter) were adopted for automatically drawn precise reference, counter, and working carbon electrodes. Fabrication parameters, such as writing pressure and speed, were first optimized, and the electrochemical performance of these devices was then evaluated by using potassium hexacyanoferrate(II) as redox probe...
September 13, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858410/intentionally-flawed-manuscripts-as-means-for-teaching-students-to-critically-evaluate-scientific-papers
#19
Jaroslav Ferenc, Filip Červenák, Erik Birčák, Katarína Juríková, Ivana Goffová, Peter Gorilák, Barbora Huraiová, Jana Plavá, Loriana Demecsová, Nikola Ďuríková, Veronika Galisová, Matej Gazdarica, Marek Puškár, Tibor Nagy, Soňa Nagyová, Lucia Mentelová, Miroslava Slaninová, Andrea Ševčovicová, Ľubomír Tomáška
As future scientists, university students need to learn how to avoid making errors in their own manuscripts, as well as how to identify flaws in papers published by their peers. Here we describe a novel approach on how to promote students' ability to critically evaluate scientific articles. The exercise is based on instructing teams of students to write intentionally flawed manuscripts describing the results of simple experiments. The teams are supervised by instructors advising the students during manuscript writing, choosing the 'appropriate' errors, monitoring the identification of errors made by the other team and evaluating the strength of their arguments in support of the identified errors...
August 31, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844041/how-to-use-pen-and-paper-tasks-to-aid-tremor-diagnosis-in-the-clinic
#20
EDITORIAL
Jane Alty, Jeremy Cosgrove, Deborah Thorpe, Peter Kempster
When a patient presents with tremor, it can be useful to perform a few simple pen and paper tests. In this article, we explain how to maximise the value of handwriting and of drawing Archimedes spirals and straight lines as clinical assessments. These tasks take a matter of seconds to complete but provide a wealth of information that supplements the standard physical examination. They aid the diagnosis of a tremor disorder and can contribute to its longitudinal monitoring. Watching the patient's upper limb while they write and draw may reveal abnormalities such as bradykinesia, dystonic posturing and distractibility...
August 26, 2017: Practical Neurology
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