keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Probability

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471593/clinical-evolution-of-patients-with-new-onset-inflammatory-back-pain-a-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Runsheng Wang, Cynthia S Crowson, Kerry Wright, Michael M Ward
OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory back pain (IBP) is often an early manifestation of spondyloarthritis (SpA), but the prognosis of patients with incident IBP is unknown. We investigated the long-term outcomes of patients with IBP, and predictors of progression to SpA, in a retrospective longitudinal study of a population-based cohort. METHODS: We used the Rochester Epidemiology Project, a longstanding population-based study of residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, USA, to identify patients aged 16 to 35 with clinical visits for back pain from 1999 to 2003...
February 22, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471572/-cardiovascular-medication-in-elderly-patients
#2
Robert H G Schwinger
Elderly people show increased probability to develop atherosclerotic diseases; in consequence heart failure - most often following coronary heart disease - as well as atrial fibrillation is more common. Following guidelines may lead to polypharmacy, i. e. use of more than 5 drugs daily. Thus, drug interactions as well as side effects become more likely; especially in elderly patients reduced kidney function has to be taken into account. Only drugs which have shown to prolong life or to reduce symptoms in controlled clinical trials should be used...
February 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471527/the-heterogeneity-between-lynch-associated-and-sporadic-mmr-deficiency-in-colorectal-cancers
#3
Guo-Chen Liu, Ran-Yi Liu, Jun-Ping Yan, Xin An, Wu Jiang, Yi-Hong Ling, Jie-Wei Chen, Jin-Xin Bei, Xiao-Yu Zuo, Mu-Yan Cai, Ze-Xian Liu, Zhi-Xiang Zuo, Ji-Hong Liu, Zhi-Zhong Pan, Pei-Rong Ding
Background: Previous studies demonstrated that prognosis of germline deficiency in mismatch repair protein (dMMR) was different from that of sporadic dMMR. The underlying mechanism has not been studied. Methods: From a prospectively maintained database, we collected dMMR colorectal cancer (CRC) patients identified by postoperative immunohistochemistry screening. According to genetic test, patients were grouped as Lynch-associated or sporadic dMMR. We compared the clinical-pathological features, prognosis, and immunoreactive differences between the two groups...
February 20, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471504/anodyne-by-design-measuring-the-prevalence-of-esoteric-designer-opioids-in-pain-management-patients
#4
Melissa M Goggin, Stephanie D Gozum, Anna Miller, Gregory C Janis
The recent increase in illicit opioids sold on the black market, cut into heroin and masqueraded as prescription pills prompts a significant public health concern. Most designer opioids possess unknown potencies and unknown pharmacokinetics and their unregulated, variable dosages lead to rashes of overdoses. Additionally, many of the designer opioids, especially the fentanyl analogs are significantly more potent than heroin. High-profile cases involving overdoses of U-47700 and carfentanil have been reported in the media; however, the true prevalence of these and other designer opioids is unknown...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471450/stage-dependent-expression-of-deltamethrin-toxicity-and-resistance-in-triatoma-infestans-hemiptera-reduviidae-from-argentina
#5
Mónica D Germano, María I Picollo
Triatoma infestans Klug (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) is the main vector of Chagas disease in Latin America. This insect has been controlled with pyrethroids since the 1980s, although the emergence of resistance to deltamethrin has decreased control success in some areas of the Gran Chaco ecoregion. The response of T. infestans to deltamethrin was evaluated per developmental stage. In addition, we evaluated the possible stage-dependent expression of deltamethrin resistance. The bioassays were conducted by topical application of the insecticide in acetone...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471410/risk-factors-associated-with-sustaining-a-sport-related-concussion-an-initial-synthesis-study-of-12-320-student-athletes
#6
Benjamin L Brett, Andrew W Kuhn, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Gary S Solomon, Scott L Zuckerman
Objective: The empirical identification of risk factors associated with sport-related concussion (SRC) may improve the management of student-athletes. The current study attempted to identify and quantify bio-cognitive risk factors associated with sustaining a SRC. Methods: Cross-sectional ambispective study; level of evidence, 3. Neurocognitive testing of 12,320 middle school, high school and collegiate athletes was completed at preseason baseline and post-SRC. Univariate and multivariable logistic regressions were used to determine which pre-injury variables accurately predicted the occurrence of SRC...
February 17, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471401/influence-of-tree-size-and-application-rate-on-expression-of-thiamethoxam-in-citrus-and-its-efficacy-against-diaphorina-citri-hemiptera-liviidae
#7
K W Langdon, R Schumann, L L Stelinski, M E Rogers
Neonicotinoids are a key group of insecticides used to manage Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Liviidae), in Florida citrus. Diaphorina citri is the vector of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus, the presumed causal agent of huanglongbing, a worldwide disease of citrus. A two-season field study was conducted to evaluate the effect of tree size and application rate on the expression of thiamethoxam in young citrus following application to the soil. D. citri adult and nymph abundance was also correlated with thiamethoxam titer in leaves...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471393/the-severe-impairment-profile-a-conceptual-shift
#8
Jordan S Robinson, Robert L Collins, Brian I Miller, Vitor H Pacheco, Nicholas M Wisdom
Objective: The current study sought to evaluate and replicate the severe impairment profile (SIP) of the Word Memory Test (WMT) in patients referred for dementia evaluations. Method: The sample consisted of 125 patients referred for a neuropsychological evaluation at a large Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Patients were assigned a Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) by blind raters, and were classified according to their performance on performance validity testing. Subsequent chart reviews were conducted to help in more accurately determining the presence of severe memory impairment likely due to an underlying dementing process versus poor effort/task engagement...
March 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471369/genome-wide-association-study-of-stayability-and-heifer-pregnancy-in-red-angus-cattle
#9
S E Speidel, B A Buckley, R J Boldt, R M Enns, J Lee, M L Spangler, M G Thomas
Reproductive performance is the most important component of cattle production from the standpoint of economic sustainability of commercial beef enterprises. Heifer Pregnancy (HPG) and Stayability (STAY) genetic predictions are two selection tools published by the Red Angus Association of America (RAAA) to assist with improvements in reproductive performance. Given the importance of HPG and STAY to the profitability of commercial beef enterprises, the objective of this study was to identify QTL associated with both HPG and STAY in Red Angus cattle...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471360/adverse-consequences-of-unmet-needs-for-care-in-high-need-high-cost-older-adults
#10
Scott R Beach, Richard Schulz, Esther M Friedman, Juleen Rodakowski, Grant Martsolf, Alton Everette James
Objectives: We explore adverse consequences of unmet needs for care among high-need/high-cost (HNHC) older adults. Method: Interviews with 4,024 community-dwelling older adults with ADL/IADL/mobility disabilities from the 2011 National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS). Reports of socio-demographics, disability compensatory strategies, and adverse consequences of unmet needs in the past month were obtained from older adults with multiple chronic conditions (MCC), probable dementia (DEM), and/or near end-of-life (EOL) and compared older adults not meeting these criteria...
February 17, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471329/effects-of-varenicline-depressive-symptoms-and-region-of-enrollment-on-smoking-cessation-in-depressed-smokers
#11
Neal Doran, Sarah Dubrava, Robert M Anthenelli
Introduction: Despite effective treatments, relapse to smoking remains a vexing global health problem. One predictor of relapse is depressive symptoms. Medications such as varenicline reduce withdrawal-related symptoms of depression, reducing relapse. This study examined whether varenicline moderated the effect of depressive symptoms on relapse, and whether this varied by region of enrollment. Methods: Adult smokers (n=525; 37% male) with past or current, stable major depressive disorder recruited from US (n=255), and European (n=270) sites participated in a randomized, double-blind cessation treatment trial including 12 weeks of varenicline or placebo, with 40-week non-treatment follow-up...
February 17, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471323/what-s-to-be-done-about-laboratory-quality-process-indicators-laboratory-stewardship-the-outcomes-problem-risk-assessment-and-economic-value-responding-to-contemporary-global-challenges
#12
Frederick A Meier, Tony C Badrick, Kenneth A Sikaris
Objectives: For 50 years, structure, process, and outcomes measures have assessed health care quality. For clinical laboratories, structural quality has generally been assessed by inspection. For assessing process, quality indicators (QIs), statistical monitors of steps in the clinical laboratory total testing, have proliferated across the globe. Connections between structural and process laboratory measures and patient outcomes, however, have rarely been demonstrated. Methods: To inform further development of clinical laboratory quality systems, we conducted a selective but worldwide review of publications on clinical laboratory quality assessment...
February 17, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471234/influences-of-motorcycle-rider-and-driver-characteristics-and-road-environment-on-red-light-running-behavior-at-signalized-intersections
#13
Auearree Jensupakarn, Kunnawee Kanitpong
In Thailand, red light running is considered as one of the most dangerous behaviors at intersection. Red light running (RLR) behavior is the failure to obey the traffic control signal. However, motorcycle riders and car drivers who are running through red lights could be influenced by human factors or road environment at intersection. RLR could be advertent or inadvertent behavior influenced by many factors. Little research study has been done to evaluate the contributing factors influencing the red-light violation behavior...
February 19, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471221/estimating-the-minimal-important-difference-for-the-western-ontario-rotator-cuff-index-worc-in-adults-with-shoulder-pain-associated-with-partial-thickness-rotator-cuff-tears
#14
Cordula Braun, Helen H Handoll
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about Minimal Important Differences (MIDs) is essential for the interpretation of continuous outcomes, especially patient-reported outcome measures (PROMS). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the MID for the Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index (WORC: score 0 (best) to 2100 (worst disability)) in adults with shoulder pain associated with partial-thickness rotator cuff tears, 'symptomatic PTTs', undergoing conservative treatment with physiotherapy...
February 12, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471199/statistical-modelling-of-fat-oil-and-grease-fog-deposits-in-wastewater-pump-sumps
#15
Eva Nieuwenhuis, Johan Post, Alex Duinmeijer, Jeroen Langeveld, François Clemens
The accumulation of FOG (Fat, Oil and Grease) deposits in sewer pumping stations results in an increase in maintenance costs, malfunctioning of pumps and, a potential increase of wastewater spills in receiving open water bodies. It is thought that a variety of parameters (e.g. geometry of the pump sump, pump operation, socioeconomic parameters of the catchment) influences the built-up of FOG. Based on a database containing data of 126 pumping stations located in five Dutch municipalities a statistical model was built...
February 13, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471182/the-impact-of-vitamin-a-supplementation-in-childhood-on-adult-outcomes-an-exploration-of-mechanisms-timing-of-exposure-and-heterogeneous-effects
#16
Yubraj Acharya
There is now a critical threshold of evidence documenting the relationship between one's exposure to shocks in early life and outcomes in adulthood. Using Nepal's vitamin A supplementation program, this study provides additional insights on the mechanisms and differences in effects by the timing of the first exposure and across different groups. The program's sequential rollout between 1993 and 2001 and the age eligibility provide an exogenous variation in exposure to the program. I utilize that variation and data on more than 700,000 individuals from the 2011 census to estimate the program's causal effect on long-term health and educational outcomes...
February 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471129/issues-in-estimating-probability-of-detection-of-ndt-techniques-a-model-assisted-approach
#17
Vamsi Krishna Rentala, Phani Mylavarapu, Jai Prakash Gautam
In order to successfully implement Damage Tolerance (DT) methodology for aero-engines, Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) techniques are vital for assessing the remaining life of the component. Probability of Detection (POD), a standard measure of NDT reliability, is usually estimated as per MIL-HDBK-1823A standard. Estimation of POD of any NDT technique can be obtained by both experimental and model assisted methods. POD depends on many factors such as material, geometry, defect characteristics, inspection technique, etc...
February 13, 2018: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471112/evaluation-of-two-commercial-real-time-pcr-kits-a-fumigatus-%C3%A2-bio-evolution-and-mycogenie-%C3%A2-a-fumigatus-for-aspergillus-dna-detection-in-bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid-in-patients-with-invasive-pulmonary-aspergillosis
#18
Julie Denis, Faezeh Forouzanfar, Raoul Herbrecht, Elise Toussaint, Romain Kessler, Marcela Sabou, Ermanno Candolfi, Valérie Letsher-Bru
Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is a common complication of immunosuppression. Rapid diagnosis using molecular techniques is essential to improve patient survival. PCR techniques are promising in enhancing Aspergillus detection in blood and respiratory samples. Here, we evaluate for the first time the performances of two commercial Real-Time PCR kits, the A. fumigatus® Bio-Evolution and the MycoGENIE® A. fumigatus for the detection of A. fumigatus DNA in broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL) from patients with and without IPA...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471010/phylogenetic-diversity-and-biodiversity-indices-on-phylogenetic-networks
#19
Kristina Wicke, Mareike Fischer
In biodiversity conservation it is often necessary to prioritize the species to conserve. Existing approaches to prioritization, e.g. the Fair Proportion Index and the Shapley Value, are based on phylogenetic trees and rank species according to their contribution to overall phylogenetic diversity. However, in many cases evolution is not treelike and thus, phylogenetic networks have been developed as a generalization of phylogenetic trees, allowing for the representation of non-treelike evolutionary events, such as hybridization...
February 19, 2018: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470950/not-seeking-yet-trying-long-acting-reversible-contraception-a-24-month-randomized-trial-on-continuation-unintended-pregnancy-and-satisfaction
#20
David Hubacher, Hannah Spector, Charles Monteith, Pai-Lien Chen
OBJECTIVES: To measure the 24-month impact on continuation, unintended pregnancy, and satisfaction of trying long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) in a population seeking short-acting reversible contraception (SARC). STUDY DESIGN: We enrolled 916 women aged 18-29 who were seeking pills or injectables in a partially randomized patient preference trial. Women with strong preferences for pills or injectables, started on those products, while others opted for randomization to LARC or SARC and received their methods gratis...
February 19, 2018: Contraception
keyword
keyword
73343
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"