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Hypercholesterolaemia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087751/odyssey-escape-is-pcsk9-inhibition-the-trojan-horse-for-the-use-of-lipoprotein-apheresis-in-familial-hypercholesterolaemia
#1
EDITORIAL
Gerald F Watts, Claudia Stefanutti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067533/frequent-coexistence-of-chronic-heart-failure-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-respiratory-and-cardiac-outpatients-evidence-from-suspirium-a-multicentre-italian-survey
#2
Raffaele Griffo, Antonio Spanevello, Pier Luigi Temporelli, Pompilio Faggiano, Mauro Carone, Giovanna Magni, Nicolino Ambrosino, Luigi Tavazzi
Background Chronic heart failure (CHF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) frequently coexist but concurrent COPD + CHF has been little investigated. Design This multicentre survey (SUSPIRIUM) was designed to evaluate: the prevalence of COPD in stable CHF and CHF in stable COPD; diagnostic/therapeutic work-up for concurrent COPD + CHF; clinical profile of patients with COPD + CHF; predictors of COPD in CHF and CHF in COPD. Methods A 5-month-long cross-sectional prospective observational survey was conducted in 10 cardiac and 10 respiratory connected outpatient units...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065523/a-web-based-registry-for-familial-hypercholesterolaemia
#3
Kathryn R Napier, Jing Pang, Leanne Lamont, Caroline E Walker, Hugh Js Dawkins, Adam A Hunter, Frank M van Bockxmeer, Gerald F Watts, Matthew I Bellgard
Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is the most common and serious monogenic disorder of lipoprotein metabolism that leads to premature coronary heart disease. Patients with FH are often under-treated, and many remain undiagnosed. The deployment of the FH Australasia Network Registry is a crucial component of the comprehensive model of care for FH, which aims to provide a standardised, high-quality and cost-effective system of care that is likely to have the highest impact on patient outcomes. The FH Australasia Network Registry was customised using a registry framework that is an open source, interoperable system that enables the efficient customisation and deployment of national and international web-based disease registries that can be modified dynamically as registry requirements evolve...
November 30, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060539/bococizumab-for-the-treatment-of-hypercholesterolaemia
#4
Nicola Ferri, Alberto Corsini, Cesare R Sirtori, Massimiliano Ruscica
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) remains a well-established risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). LDL-C levels are considered primary targets of therapy. A new series of systemic biomolecules, the monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), have a higher activity in reducing LDL-C. Areas covered: The authors critically review the current evidence on the efficacy and safety of bococizumab, a humanized mAb against PCSK9, which was surprisingly discontinued in November 2016...
February 2017: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045210/documenting-family-history-in-children-with-hypercholesterolaemia-a-lost-opportunity
#5
Tharmarajah Sorubarajan, Barry D Lewis, John R Burnett, Andrew C Martin
AIM: To determine whether information about a family history of hypercholesterolaemia or early cardiovascular disease was documented by paediatricians in children and adolescents with elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol levels. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all children with a LDL-cholesterol level ≥95th percentile (3.4 mmol/L) and ≥99th percentile (3.8 mmol/L) at a tertiary paediatric hospital in 2014. RESULTS: Of 86 children with a LDL-cholesterol level ≥3...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043816/prediabetes-and-cardiovascular-complications-screening-in-nigeria-a-family-case-presentation
#6
Anayochukwu Edward Anyasodor, Ezekiel Uba Nwose, Ross Stuart Richards, Phillip Taderera Bwititi, Luke Itietie Mudiaga, Eferhire Aganbi
Metabolic disorders are on the increase globally, and the need for screening remains imperative. This case report is of a 48-year-old man who was screened as dyslipidaemic and on metabolic syndrome prevention, precipitating screening of family relatives. The extended family members (N=11) were invited for screening, of which 4 were hyperglycaemic, 3 had hypercholesterolaemia; and the HDL levels of 6 participants were abnormal. All family members had normal plasma triglyceride levels, and 4 people had high blood pressure...
December 9, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040754/antegrade-and-retrograde-perfusion-in-minimally-invasive-mitral-valve-surgery-with-transthoracic-aortic-clamping-a-single-institution-experience-with-1632-patients-over-12-years
#7
Michele Murzi, Alfredo G Cerillo, Tommaso Gasbarri, Rafik Margaryan, Enkel Kallushi, Pierandrea Farneti, Marco Solinas
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of a retrograde arterial perfusion (RAP) strategy versus an antegrade arterial perfusion (AAP) strategy in a consecutive, large cohort of patients who underwent minimally invasive mitral valve surgery with transthoracic aortic clamping through a right minithoracotomy. METHODS: Between 2003 and 2015, 1632 consecutive patients underwent first-time minimally invasive mitral valve surgery with transthoracic aortic clamping at our institution; 141 (8...
December 31, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038830/a-case-of-charcot-marie-tooth-cmt-disease-with-hypercholesterolaemia-and-statin-side-effects-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Negar Mgahsoodi, Martin A Crook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025677/pcsk9-inhibition-the-dawn-of-a-new-age-in-cholesterol-lowering
#9
REVIEW
David Preiss, Marion Mafham
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a circulating enzyme of hepatic origin that plays a key role in LDL receptor turnover. Genetic studies have confirmed that individuals with gain-of-function PCSK9 mutations have increased PCSK9 activity, elevated LDL-cholesterol levels and a severe form of familial hypercholesterolaemia. Those with variants leading to reduced PCSK9 have lower LDL-cholesterol levels and a reduced risk of coronary heart disease, and this has led to the development of various strategies aimed at reducing circulating PCSK9...
December 26, 2016: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009486/vascular-hyperpolarization-in-human-physiology-and-cardiovascular-risk-conditions-and-disease
#10
REVIEW
F Schinzari, M Tesauro, C Cardillo
Hyperpolarization causing smooth muscle relaxation contributes to the maintenance of vascular homeostasis, particularly in small-calibre arteries and arterioles. It may also become a compensatory vasodilator mechanism upregulated in states with impaired nitric oxide (NO) availability. Bioassay of vascular hyperpolarization in the human circulation has been hampered by the complexity of mechanisms involved and the limited availability of investigational tools. Firm evidence, however, supports the notion that hyperpolarization participates in the regulation of resting vasodilator tone and vascular reactivity in healthy subjects...
January 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003493/what-drives-osteoarthritis-synovial-versus-subchondral-bone-pathology
#11
REVIEW
Thomas Hügle, Jeroen Geurts
Subchondral bone and the synovium play an important role in the initiation and progression of OA. MRI often permits an early detection of synovial hypertrophy and bone marrow lesions, both of which can precede cartilage damage. Newer imaging modalities including CT osteoabsorptiometry and hybrid SPECT-CT have underlined the importance of bone in OA pathogenesis. The subchondral bone in OA undergoes an uncoupled remodelling process, which is notably characterized by macrophage infiltration and osteoclast formation...
December 21, 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990115/urgent-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-in-a-patient-with-postinfarction-angina-and-active-myelomonocytic-leukaemia
#12
Samuel Anthony Galea, Joseph Galea
Chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML) is a myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasm affecting the production and differentiation of the monocyte cell lineage. Cardiac surgery in the context of CMML poses challenges that are not routinely encountered. This is the first reported case in the literature of a patient with active CMML undergoing urgent on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. A 68-year-old Caucasian man with a history of hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, hypothyroidism, and hypercholesterolaemia, who had been diagnosed by the haematologists with CMML a few months earlier but had remained untreated, underwent urgent surgical coronary revascularisation because of postinfarction angina following a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction associated with troponin I rise...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972090/low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-lowering-efficacy-of-evolocumab-may-reduce-need-for-apheresis-in-heterozygous-familial-hypercholesterolaemia-patients-according-to-russian-guidelines
#13
T D Gonzalez, A Kurylev, A Kolbin, T Zinina, E Sidelnikov, G Villa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972048/the-cost-of-hypercholesterolaemia-in-ireland
#14
B Kennelly, K Patterson, C Cafferky, E Quinn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972004/pharmacological-interventions-for-familial-hypercholesterolaemia-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-literature-review
#15
R M Wickstead, J S Evans, B E Langford, R C Beale, W Marsh, J Kusel, M Griffiths
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970600/pharmacological-interventions-for-familial-hypercholesterolaemia-in-children-and-adolescents-an-exploratory-evaluation-using-advanced-hierarchical-network-meta-analysis-techniques
#16
B E Langford, R M Wickstead, W Marsh, R C Beale, J S Evans, J Kusel, M Griffiths
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970564/potential-efficacy-of-lomitapide-a-mtp-microsomal-triglyceride-transfer-protein-inhibitor-on-survival-in-homozygous-familial-hypercholesterolaemia-hofh-results-of-an-event-modelling-analysis
#17
R Leipold, F Raal, J Ishak, H Phillips, J Deanfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968902/homozygous-familial-hypercholesterolaemia-in-china-a-genotype-phenotype-analysis-of-cross-sectional-data
#18
Long Jiang, Ze-Min Kuang, Xiao-Dong Pan, Ren-Qiang Yang, Xiao-Shu Cheng, Lu-Ya Wang
BACKGROUND: Homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia is a rare life-threatening disease characterised by markedly elevated LDL cholesterol concentrations and accelerated atherosclerosis. Few studies have focused specifically on this group of patients, especially in China. We set out to investigate the phenotypical characteristics and the genotype-phenotype correlations of homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia in China. METHODS: In this analysis of cross-sectional data, we collected data from patients with suspected homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia from ten clinical hospitals in mainland China from 2003 to 2015...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967828/homozygous-familial-hypercholesterolaemia-update-on-management
#19
Michael France
Homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia (HoFH) is an inherited disease causing an approximately fourfold increase in blood low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC) from birth compared with the age-matched normal population owing to reduced low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) activity. Such elevated cholesterol is associated with accelerated atheromatous disease, particularly of the aortic root and coronary arteries. However, HoFH is clinically heterogeneous, reflecting residual low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) activity...
November 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965247/can-commonly-prescribed-drugs-be-repurposed-for-the-prevention-or-treatment-of-alzheimer-s-and-other-neurodegenerative-diseases-protocol-for-an-observational-cohort-study-in-the-uk-clinical-practice-research-datalink
#20
Venexia M Walker, Neil M Davies, Tim Jones, Patrick G Kehoe, Richard M Martin
INTRODUCTION: Current treatments for Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases have only limited effectiveness meaning that there is an urgent need for new medications that could influence disease incidence and progression. We will investigate the potential of a selection of commonly prescribed drugs, as a more efficient and cost-effective method of identifying new drugs for the prevention or treatment of Alzheimer's disease, non-Alzheimer's disease dementias, Parkinson's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis...
December 13, 2016: BMJ Open
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