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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711626/influence-of-metabolic-risk-factors-on-risk-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-liver-related-death-in-men-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-a-large-cohort-study
#1
Ming-Whei Yu, Chih-Lin Lin, Chun-Jen Liu, Shu-Han Yang, Yu-Lin Tseng, Chih-Feng Wu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about the absolute risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and liver-disease related death, in association with metabolic risk factors, for patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. METHODS: We collected data from 5373 male Taiwanese civil servants who visited Taiwan's Government Employees' Central Clinics and received routine free physical examinations from 1989 through 1992. We obtained information on liver-related morbidity and mortality in HBV carriers, 40-65 years old (n=1690), with different metabolic risk factors...
July 12, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708305/a-novel-variant-of-dhh-in-a-familial-case-of-46-xy-disorder-of-sex-development-insights-from-molecular-dynamics-simulations
#2
Francoise Paris, Delphine Flatters, Sandrine Caburet, Bérangère Legois, Nadège Servant, Hervé Lefebvre, Charles Sultan, Reiner A Veitia
OBJECTIVE: Disorders of sex development (DSD) are a heterogeneous group of conditions affecting the differentiation and development of the internal and external genitalia. Here, we aimed at identifying the genetic cause of DSD in two 46,XY sisters from a consanguineous family. DESIGN: We performed a whole-exome sequencing of two 46,XY female individuals. Sanger sequencing was used to validate the most likely candidate variant, affecting the desert hedgehog (DHH) gene...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670967/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-alcohol-drinking-among-hiv-and-tuberculosis-co-infected-patients-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#3
Ramadhani Stephano Mwiru, Tumaini Joseph Nagu, Pamela Kaduri, Wafaie Fawzi, Ferdinand Mugusi
There is scarcity of information on the burden of alcohol use among people living with HIV in Tanzania despite the high burden of HIV. We examined the prevalence and factors associated with alcohol use among HIV and tuberculosis (TB) co-infected patients in fourteen clinics with highest notification of TB in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, between October 2010 and December 2011. Proportions were used to describe the prevalence and pattern of alcohol use. Logistic regression was used to assess the association of various participant characteristics with alcohol use...
July 3, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662813/discovery-and-development-of-a-novel-class-of-phenoxyacetyl-amides-as-highly-potent-trpm8-agonists-for-use-as-cooling-agents
#4
Alain Noncovich, Chad Priest, Jane Ung, Andrew P Patron, Guy Servant, Paul Brust, Nicole Servant, Nathan Faber, Hanghui Liu, Nicole S Gonsalves, Tanya L Ditschun
The paper presents the activity trends for a novel series of phenoxyacetyl amides as human TRPM8 receptor agonists. This series encompasses in vitro activity values ranging from the micromolar to the picomolar levels. Sensory evaluation of these molecules highlights their relevance as cooling agents for oral applications. The positive outcome of the complete evaluation of N-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-N-(thiophen-2-ylmethyl)-2-(p-tolyloxy)acetamide resulted in its approval for Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) status by the Flavor & Extract Manufacturer Association (FEMA) as FEMA 4809...
April 11, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662685/policy-entrepreneurship-and-policy-networks-in-healthcare-systems-the-case-of-israel-s-pediatric-dentistry-reform
#5
Nissim Cohen, Tuvia Horev
BACKGROUND: Can the entry of a policy entrepreneur challenge the equilibrium of a policy network and promote changes that might clash with the goals of powerful civil-servants and/or interest groups and, if so, why and how? Our goal is to examine two sides of the same coin: how does an in-depth analysis of Israel's dental care reform enrich our understanding of policy networks and policy entrepreneurship? Second, how does the literature on policy networks and policy entrepreneurship help us understand this reform? Based on a theoretical framework that appears in the literature of policy entrepreneurship and policy networks, we analyze the motivations, goals and strategies of the main actors involved in the process of reforming pediatric dental care in Israel...
April 21, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622744/effects-of-sedentary-occupations-on-type-2-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-different-ethnic-groups-in-north-west-china
#6
Ying Gao, Xiang Xie, Shu-Xia Wang, Hui Li, Han-Zhou Tang, Jing Zhang, Hua Yao
This study investigated the effects of sedentary occupations on type 2 diabetes and hypertension in different ethnic groups in North West China. All subjects were civil servants who received health examinations in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from October 2010 to March 2014. A total of 46,612 participants (39,120 Han, 4148 Uygur, 2098 Hui, 877 Kazak and 369 other ethnicities) completed the examination. Overall, 16.4% of the Han, 14.4% of the Uygur, 15.9% of the Hui, 20.6% of the Kazak and 16...
July 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586391/affective-temperament-job-stress-and-professional-burnout-in-nurses-and-civil-servants
#7
Marcin Jaracz, Izabela Rosiak, Anna Bertrand-Bucińska, Maciej Jaskulski, Joanna Nieżurawska, Alina Borkowska
INTRODUCTION: The risk of professional burnout is constituted by job-related as well as individual factors. The latter involve affective temperament, which influences the perception of job-related stress. The aim of the present study was to assess the affective temperament, the level of job stress and professional burnout, as well as the relationships between these variables, in public servants and nurses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 100 civil servants and 100 nurses were enrolled in the study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581465/severe-acute-gvhd-following-administration-of-ipilimumab-for-early-relapse-of-aml-after-haploidentical-stem-cell-transplantation
#8
F-X Gros, T Cazaubiel, E Forcade, N Lechevalier, T Leguay, V Servant, R Tabrizi, L Clement, P-Y Dumas, A Bidet, A Pigneux, S Vigouroux, N Milpied
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572982/overweight-and-obesity-prevalence-among-public-servants-in-nadowli-district-ghana-and-associated-risk-factors-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Margaret Atuahene, John Kuumuori Ganle, Martin Adjuik, Nana Frema Atuahene, Grace Billi Kampitib
BACKGROUND: Globally, overweight and obesity are becoming a mounting concern, impacting negatively on the health of populations especially in low-income settings. However, there is paucity of epidemiological information available in Ghana to support intervention activities. We conducted a study among public servants to estimate overweight/obesity, hypertension and diabetes prevalence and associated risk factors. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional survey involving 271 purposively sampled public servants aged 20 to 59 years was conducted...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571962/aggression-against-health-workers-substantial-changes-in-the-crime-of-attack-against-authorities-and-public-servants-after-2015
#10
M Carmen Sánchez-Benito, Ana Isabel de Juan-Mazuelas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 29, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559873/new-strategies-in-the-new-millennium-servant-leadership-as-enhancer-of-service-climate-and-customer-service-performance
#11
Jorge Linuesa-Langreo, Pablo Ruiz-Palomino, Dioni Elche-Hortelano
In a world in which customers are increasingly looking for solutions to their own concerns on how to make a better globalized world, new organizational strategies are emerging to approach the customer in the current third millennium. Servant leadership, which involves putting employees' needs first and serving the broader society, is emerging as a new strategic mechanism to approach the customer in line with the new social values-driven Marketing 3.0 era. Yet research has ignored the role and the various mechanisms servant leadership might utilize to improve customer service performance of their service units...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557537/respectable-gentlemen-and-street-savvy-men-hiv-vulnerability-in-sri-lanka
#12
Sandya Hewamanne
In this article, I investigate how particular discourses surrounding class specific understandings of sexual behavior and female morality shape awareness and views of the disease and personal vulnerability. Although both groups belong to the working class, those employed by the transportation board consider themselves government servants and, therefore, "respectable gentlemen." Construction workers identify easily with their class position, recognizing and sometimes trying to live up to the stereotypes of free sexuality...
May 30, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542368/in-vivo-and-in-vitro-characterization-of-ddrc-a-dna-damage-response-protein-in-deinococcus-radiodurans-bacterium
#13
Claire Bouthier de la Tour, Martine Mathieu, Laura Meyer, Pauline Dupaigne, Fanny Passot, Pascale Servant, Suzanne Sommer, Eric Le Cam, Fabrice Confalonieri
The bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans possesses a set of Deinococcus-specific genes highly induced after DNA damage. Among them, ddrC (dr0003) was recently re-annotated, found to be in the inverse orientation and called A2G07_00380. Here, we report the first in vivo and in vitro characterization of the corrected DdrC protein to better understand its function in irradiated cells. In vivo, the ΔddrC null mutant is sensitive to high doses of UV radiation and the ddrC deletion significantly increases UV-sensitivity of ΔuvrA or ΔuvsE mutant strains...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540650/awareness-of-osteoporosis-in-a-polytechnic-in-enugu-south-east-nigeria
#14
R Njeze Ngozi, Obi Ikechukwu, Ajuba Miriam, Agwu-Umahi Olanike, D Akpagbula Ulugo, C Njeze Nneze
This study aims to determine the awareness of osteoporosis and factors that determine awareness of osteoporosis. Results showed that osteoporosis awareness was associated with age (p = 0.006) and occupation (p < 0.001) but not gender, marital status, and level of education. There is therefore need for educational interventions to improve awareness of osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is a bone disease in which the bone becomes porous, brittle, and more susceptible to fracture...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538933/epidemiological-profile-of-public-servants-absent-from-work-due-to-mental-disorders-from-2010-to-2013
#15
Davi Baasch, Rafaela Luiza Trevisan, Roberto Moraes Cruz
Objective: Describe the epidemiological profile of mental and behavior disorders (MBD) of public servants in the State of Santa Catarina, which resulted in workers providing medical certificates, between 2010 and 2013. Method: A descriptive cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, performed from data provided by the State Secretary of Administration. All medical certificates classified as in Chapter V of ICD-10 - Group "F" - Mental and Behavioral Disorders (MBD) were considered for analysis in the period...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538915/brazil-s-policy-on-healthcare-for-government-workers-players-paths-and-challenges
#16
Maria Inês Carsalade Martins, Simone Santos Oliveira, Elsa Thomé de Andrade, Maria Cristina Strauzz, Larisse Caroline Ferreira de Castro, Aline de Azambuja
This article aims to analyze the extent to which Brazil's public sector has made progress in institutionalizing an integral and participative model for the healthcare of government workers, based on the principles of universality, integrality and workers' participation. Based on documents produced by the Rio de Janeiro Permanent Forum on Workers' Health, the paper analyses the process of implantation of the Integrated Public Workers' Healthcare Sub-System (SIASS) in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro over the period 2009-2016, based on the historical institutionalism...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513804/the-brazilian-oral-health-survey-sbbrasil-2010-workflow-from-the-coordinators-perspective
#17
Fabíola Fernandes Soares, Maria do Carmo Matias Freire, Sandra Cristina Guimarães Bahia Reis
Introduction: Although the workflow of population health surveys may interfere with the quality of the information produced, this aspect has not been investigated in the context of oral health. Objective: To identify the perception of the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (SBBrasil 2010 Project) coordinators regarding the survey's workflow. Methods: Data was collected using an electronic questionnaire sent to the coordinators after the national survey was completed...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512362/-copenhagen-psychosocial-questionnaire-copsoq-psychometric-properties-of-selected-scales-in-the-polish-version
#18
Maria Widerszal-Bazyl
BACKGROUND: The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionniare (COPSOQ) has many advantages as compared to other similar instruments, i.a., it is not related to one single theoretical model and it measures a wide spectrum of psychosocial working conditions that have shown proven impact on health. The aim of the article is to summarize information on psychometric properties of 11 scales in the Polish version: Quantitative Demands, Emotional Demands, Influence at Work, Social Support, Possibilities for Development, Meaning of Work, Role Clarity, Quality of Leadership, Job Insecurity, Job Satisfaction, and General Health...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492709/differential-reporting-of-discriminatory-experiences-in-brazil-and-the-united-states
#19
Sarah Burgard, Debora de Pina Castiglione, Katherine Y Lin, Aline A Nobre, Estela M L Aquino, Alexandre C Pereira, Isabela J Martins Bensenor, Sandhi M Barreto, Dora Chor
There has been little cross-national comparison of perceived discrimination, and few studies have considered how intersectional identities shape perception of discriminatory treatment in different societies. Using data from the ELSA-Brasil, a study of Brazilian civil servants, and the Americans' Changing Lives Study, a nationally-representative sample of U.S. adults, we compare reports of lifetime discrimination among race-by-gender groups in each society. We also consider whether educational attainment explains any group differences, or if differences across groups vary by level of education...
May 8, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491236/self-referral-patterns-among-federal-civil-servants-in-oyo-state-south-western-nigeria
#20
Henry Okoli, Taiwo Obembe, Kayode Osungbade, Folashayo Adeniji, David Adewole
INTRODUCTION: Primary health care is widely accepted as the first point of care; yet, individuals requiring healthcare engage in self-referrals to higher levels of care thereby by-passing primary care. Little is known of the extent to which self-referrals are carried out when care is needed. This study thus sought to determine the prevalence of self-referral, its patterns and factors influencing self-referrals amongst federal civil servants in Southwestern Nigeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 300 federal civil servants who were interviewed using validated and pre-tested interviewer-administered semi structured questionnaires...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
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