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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130589/australia-s-health-star-rating-policy-process-lessons-for-global-policy-making-in-front-of-pack-nutrition-labelling
#1
Medha Kumar, Deborah Gleeson, Simon Barraclough
AIM: This study explored factors that shaped the development of Australia's Health Star Rating system for front-of-pack labelling (FoPL) on packaged foods and whether insights could be drawn from this experience to inform the development of global FoPL standards. METHODS: Ten individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with public health or consumer advocates, academics in the field of nutrition labelling and policy, a food industry employee, and Australian public servants...
November 12, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121794/what-factors-explain-bicycling-and-walking-for-commuting-by-elsa-brasil-participants
#2
Sheila Maria Alvim de Matos, Francisco José Gondim Pitanga, Maria da Conceição C Almeida, Ciro Oliveira Queiroz, Clarice Alves Dos Santos, Rogerio Tosta de Almeida, Ianne Tayrine Martins da Silva, Rosane Harter Griep, Leila Denise Alves Ferreira Amorim, Ana Luísa Patrão, Estela M L Aquino
PURPOSE: To analyze the factors associated with commuting by bicycling and walking in adult participants from ELSA-Brasil (Longitudinal Study of Adult Health). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Six teaching/research institutions throughout Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 15 105 civil servants. MEASURES: Commuting by bicycling and walking was analyzed using the long-form International Physical Activity Questionnaire...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113965/mitochondrial-oxidative-stress-reduces-the-immunopotency-of-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-in-adults-with-coronary-artery-disease
#3
Ozge Kizilay Mancini, Maximilien Lora, Alexanne Cuillerier, Dominique Shum-Tim, Reggie C Hamdy, Yan Burelle, Marc J Servant, Ursula Stochaj, Ines Colmegna
Rationale: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are promising therapeutic strategies for coronary artery disease (CAD), however, donor-related variability in cell quality is a main cause of discrepancies in preclinical studies. In vitro, MSCs from individuals with CAD have reduced ability to suppress activated T-cells. The mechanisms underlying the altered immunomodulatory capacity of MSCs in the context of atherosclerosis (ATH) remain elusive. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the role of mitochondrial dysfunction in the impaired immunomodulatory properties of MSCs from ATH patients...
November 7, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112856/the-experience-of-violence-against-children-in-domestic-servitude-in-haiti-results-from-the-violence-against-children-survey-haiti-2012
#4
Leah Gilbert, Avid Reza, James Mercy, Veronica Lea, Juliette Lee, Likang Xu, Louis Herns Marcelin, Marisa Hast, John Vertefeuille, Jean Wysler Domercant
BACKGROUND: There have been estimates that over 150,000 Haitian children are living in servitude. Child domestic servants who perform unpaid labor are referred to as "restavèks." Restavèks are often stigmatized, prohibited from attending school, and isolated from family placing them at higher risk for experiencing violence. In the absence of national data on the experiences of restavèks in Haiti, the study objective was to describe the sociodemographic characteristics of restavèks in Haiti and to assess their experiences of violence in childhood...
November 4, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108022/risk-factors-for-hiv-infection-among-female-sex-workers-in-bangui-central-african-republic
#5
Jean De Dieu Longo, Marcel Mbeko Simaleko, Henri Saint-Calvaire Diemer, Gérard Grésenguet, Gilles Brücker, Laurent Belec
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were i) to categorize female sex workers (FSW) according to socio-anthropologic criteria in Bangui; ii) to examine the association between a selection of demographic and risk variables with the different categories of female sex work as outcome, and iii) to investigate factors associated with HIV status. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted to describe the spectrum of commercial sex work in Bangui among 345 sexually active women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101729/elf-a-new-measure-of-response-capture
#6
REVIEW
Mathieu Servant, Thibault Gajdos, Karen Davranche
Response capture is a widespread and extensively studied phenomenon, in particular in decision tasks involving response conflict. Its intensity is routinely quantified by conditional accuracy function (CAF). We argue that this method might be misleading, and propose an alternative approach, the error location function (ELF). While CAF provides the error rate by bins of reaction time (RT), ELF represents the share of total errors below each quantile of RT. We derive from ELF an index of response capture, the error location index (ELI), which represents the area below the ELF...
November 3, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101321/contribution-of-epigenetic-landscapes-and-transcription-factors-to-x-chromosome-reactivation-in-the-inner-cell-mass
#7
Maud Borensztein, Ikuhiro Okamoto, Laurène Syx, Guillaume Guilbaud, Christel Picard, Katia Ancelin, Rafael Galupa, Patricia Diabangouaya, Nicolas Servant, Emmanuel Barillot, Azim Surani, Mitinori Saitou, Chong-Jian Chen, Konstantinos Anastassiadis, Edith Heard
X-chromosome inactivation is established during early development. In mice, transcriptional repression of the paternal X-chromosome (Xp) and enrichment in epigenetic marks such as H3K27me3 is achieved by the early blastocyst stage. X-chromosome inactivation is then reversed in the inner cell mass. The mechanisms underlying Xp reactivation remain enigmatic. Using in vivo single-cell approaches (allele-specific RNAseq, nascent RNA-fluorescent in situ hybridization and immunofluorescence), we show here that different genes are reactivated at different stages, with more slowly reactivated genes tending to be enriched in H3meK27...
November 3, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092678/spectrum-of-female-commercial-sex-work-in-bangui-central-african-republic
#8
Jean De Dieu Longo, Marcel Mbéko Simaléko, Richard Ngbale, Gérard Grésenguet, Gilles Brücker, Laurent Bélec
Classification of professional and non-professional female sex workers (FSWs) into different categories, never previously reported in the Central African Republic (CAR), may be useful to assess the dynamics of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, design operational intervention programmes to combat HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and to adapt these programmes to the broad spectrum of sexual transactions in the CAR. Our study proposes a socio-behavioural classification of FSWs living in the CAR and engaged in transactional and commercial sex...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089737/a-10-year-review-of-urethral-stricture-management-in-irrua-nigeria
#9
Eshiobo Irekpita
BACKGROUND: Several authors have demonstrated regional and temporal changes in the demographics of urethral stricture and its management. OBJECTIVES: To assess the changes in the demographics of the patients and the evolution of the management of urethral stricture in this institution. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study. The files of all the men who were diagnosed with urethral stricture from May 2006 to April 2016 were retrieved from the database of the records department of the hospital...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069506/-irish-roman-catholic-which-upsets-all-the-people-here-michael-mcdonnell-and-british-colonial-justice-in-mandatory-palestine-1927-1936
#10
Simon Davis
In 1927 Michael McDonnell, a diasporic Irish Catholic, was appointed Mandatory Palestine's Chief Justice, being directed to institute firm British-style legal-judicial foundations for future self-governance. This entailed common, equal status for Arab and Jewish Palestinians, implicitly de-privileging the Jewish National Home. McDonnell was resisted in this by the British Mandate's Anglo-Jewish, pro-Zionist Attorney General, Norman Bentwich. McDonnell prevailed but only at the cost of being characterized lastingly as a pro-Arab, Catholic anti-Semite...
October 23, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062395/implementing-quality-indicators-for-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-family-medicine-in-slovenia
#11
Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš, Igor Švab, Antonija Poplas Susič
INTRODUCTION: A new form of family practices was introduced in 2011 through a pilot project introducing nurse practitioners as members of team and determining a set of quality indicators. The aim of this article was to assess the quality of diabetes and hypertension management. METHODS: We included all family medicine practices that were participating in the project in December 2015 (N=584). The following data were extracted from automatic electronic reports on quality indicators: gender and specialisation of the family physician, status (public servant/self-contracted), duration of participation in the project, region of Slovenia, the number of inhabitants covered by a family medicine practice, the name of IT provider, and levels of selected quality indicators...
October 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042407/can-favourable-psychosocial-working-conditions-in-midlife-moderate-the-risk-of-work-exit-for-chronically-ill-workers-a-20-year-follow-up-of-the-whitehall-ii-study
#12
Maria Fleischmann, Ewan Carr, Stephen A Stansfeld, Baowen Xue, Jenny Head
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if favourable psychosocial working conditions can reduce the risk of work exit and specifically for workers with chronic disease. METHODS: Men and women (32%) aged 35-55, working and having no chronic disease at baseline of the Whitehall II study of London-based civil servants were selected (n=9040). We observed participants' exit from work through retirement, health-related exit and unemployment, new diagnosis of chronic disease (ie, coronary heart disease, diabetes, stroke and cancer) and their psychosocial working conditions in midlife...
October 17, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042353/will-markets-be-master-or-servant-to-health-at-the-world-bank
#13
EDITORIAL
Suerie Moon, Gorik Ooms
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037182/ideas-actors-and-institutions-lessons-from-south-australian-health-in-all-policies-on-what-encourages-other-sectors-involvement
#14
Fran Baum, Toni Delany-Crowe, Colin MacDougall, Angela Lawless, Helen van Eyk, Carmel Williams
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the extent to which actors from sectors other than health engaged with the South Australian Health in All Policies (HiAP) initiative, determines why they were prepared to do so and explains the mechanisms by which successful engagement happened. This examination applies theories of policy development and implementation. METHODS: The paper draws on a five year study of the implementation of HiAP comprising document analysis, a log of key events, detailed interviews with 64 policy actors and two surveys of public servants...
October 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020655/a-framework-for-assessing-urban-greenery-s-effects-and-valuing-its-ecosystem-services
#15
Yvonne Andersson-Sköld, Jenny Klingberg, Bengt Gunnarsson, Kevin Cullinane, Ingela Gustafsson, Marcus Hedblom, Igor Knez, Fredrik Lindberg, Åsa Ode Sang, Håkan Pleijel, Pontus Thorsson, Sofia Thorsson
Ongoing urban exploitation is increasing pressure to transform urban green spaces, while there is increasing awareness that greenery provides a range of important benefits to city residents. In efforts to help resolve associated problems we have developed a framework for integrated assessments of ecosystem service (ES) benefits and values provided by urban greenery, based on the ecosystem service cascade model. The aim is to provide a method for assessing the contribution to, and valuing, multiple ES provided by urban greenery that can be readily applied in routine planning processes...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988547/systematic-review-of-the-efficacy-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-in-people-with-lewy-body-dementia
#16
Hamilton Morrin, Ton Fang, Donald Servant, Dag Aarsland, Anto P Rajkumar
BACKGROUND: Pharmacological interventions for Lewy body dementia (LBD), especially for its non-cognitive symptoms, are limited in their efficacy and tolerability. Clinicians are often uncertain about non-pharmacological interventions and their efficacy in managing cognitive and non-cognitive symptoms of LBD. Therefore, we aimed to systematically review the existing literature on non-pharmacological interventions for people with LBD. METHODS: We carried out a systematic search using six databases...
October 9, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970192/efficacy-of-seren-ctif-a-computer-based-stress-management-program-for-patients-with-adjustment-disorder-with-anxiety-protocol-for-a-controlled-trial
#17
Dominique Servant, Anne-Claire Leterme, Olivia Barasino, Laure Rougegrez, Alain Duhamel, Guillaume Vaiva
BACKGROUND: Adjustment disorder with anxiety (ADA) is the most frequent and best characterized stress-related psychiatric disorder. The rationale for prescription of benzodiazepine monotherapy is a public health issue. Cognitive behavioral stress management programs have been studied in many countries. Several reports have shown beyond reasonable doubt their efficiency at reducing perceived stress and anxiety symptoms and improving patient quality of life. Considering the number of people who could benefit from such programs but are unable to access them, self-help programs have been offered...
October 2, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963953/work-family-and-personal-characteristics-explain-occupational-and-gender-differences-in-work-family-conflict-among-japanese-civil-servants
#18
U Koura, M Sekine, M Yamada, T Tatsuse
OBJECTIVES: A high level of work-family conflict (WFC) is an important risk factor for physical and mental health problems. Although individual work-related factors for WFC have been extensively studied, relatively little is known about whether occupation and gender affect WFC and how such effects might be generated. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study surveyed 3053 civil servants aged 20-65 years working in a local government in the west coast of Japan in 2003...
September 27, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959681/toxicological-evaluation-of-the-flavour-ingredient-n-1-4-amino-2-2-dioxido-1h-benzo-c-1-2-6-thiadiazin-5-yl-oxy-2-methylpropan-2-yl-2-6-dimethylisonicotinamide-s2218
#19
Donald S Karanewsky, Guy Servant, Hanghui Liu, Bert Chi, Lily Ida, Michael Saganich, Sara Werner, Joseph R Fotsing, Andrew Patron, Catherine Tachdjian, Amy Arthur
A toxicological evaluation of N-(1-((4-amino-2,2-dioxido-1H-benzo[c][1,2,6]thiadiazin-5-yl)oxy)-2-methylpropan-2-yl)-2,6-dimethylisonicotinamide (S2218; CAS 1622458-34-7), a flavour with modifying properties, was completed for the purpose of assessing its safety for use in food and beverage applications. S2218 exhibited minimal oxidative metabolism in vitro, and in rat pharmacokinetic studies, the compound was poorly orally bioavailable and rapidly eliminated. S2218 was not found to be mutagenic in an in vitro bacterial reverse mutation assay, and was found to be neither clastogenic nor aneugenic in an in vitro mammalian cell micronucleus assay...
2017: Toxicology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952873/understanding-physical-activity-motivation-and-behaviour-through-self-determination-and-servant-leadership-theories-in-a-feasibility-study
#20
Samantha M Gray, Joan Wharf Higgins, Ryan E Rhodes
Despite its well-established benefits, physical activity (PA) engagement is low in the adult population; evidence suggests that this is especially a concern for women > 60 years. The purpose of this mixed methods study was to explore the feasibility of a six-week randomized control trial of Self-Determination Theory-based dance and walking programs for older women. Primary outcomes were feasibility measures: recruitment, retention, and satisfaction. Secondary outcomes included self-reported PA, behavioural regulations, and psychological needs...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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