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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339419/the-im-possibilities-of-returning-to-work-after-a-stroke
#1
Maria Norstedt
BACKGROUND: What a stroke means for working-age persons has not been sufficiently studied from a sociological perspective. OBJECTIVE: This article uses the empirical material of a larger study to describe and analyze how institutional practices and discourses influence attempts to return to work after a stroke. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten persons who have had a stroke and ten civil servants and professionals from the Swedish Public Employment Service, the Social Insurance Agency, and different health care institutions...
March 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273253/nursing-in-the-mirror-unveiling-transpersonal-leadership-in-team-care
#2
Emanuelle Caires Dias Araújo Nunes, Edla Lobo Muniz
Objective: The aim of this paper was to reveal the individual nurse in the leadership process for transpersonal care of the nursing team. Method: This is a descriptive-exploratory and qualitative study grounded in Transpersonal Care provided at the General Hospital in Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, with 10 nurses who coordinated services at the unit in 2013. Data were collected using a mirror and semi-structured interviews subjected to thematic analysis. Results: The following three categories emerged: Leadership in nursing: potentialities and barriers that permeate intersubjectivity; Transpersonal care of the leader with the team; and transpersonal leadership on balance: critical nodes...
February 23, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257355/building-effective-medical-missions-with-servant-leadership-skills
#3
Linda Johanson
Nurses are naturally drawn to service opportunities, such as short-term medical missions (STMM), which hold great potential to benefit health. But STMMs have been criticized as potentially being culturally insensitive, leading to dependency, inadvertently causing harm, or being unsustainable. Utilizing servant leadership skills, nurses can effectively build community, vision, and sustainability into STMM projects.
April 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249859/servant-leadership-the-primacy-of-service
#4
EDITORIAL
Richard H Savel, Cindy L Munro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228848/brazilian-dietary-patterns-and-the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dash-diet-relationship-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-newly-diagnosed-diabetes-in-the-elsa-brasil-study
#5
Michele Drehmer, Andrew O Odegaard, Maria Inês Schmidt, Bruce B Duncan, Letícia de Oliveira Cardoso, Sheila M Alvim Matos, Maria Del Carmen B Molina, Sandhi M Barreto, Mark A Pereira
BACKGROUND: Studies evaluating dietary patterns, including the DASH diet, and their relationship with the metabolic syndrome and diabetes may help to understand the role of dairy products (low fat or full fat) in these conditions. Our aim is to identify dietary patterns in Brazilian adults and compare them with the (DASH) diet quality score in terms of their associations with metabolic syndrome and newly diagnosed diabetes in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health-the ELSA-Brasil study...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219925/twenty-five-year-alcohol-consumption-trajectories-and-their-association-with-arterial-aging-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Darragh O'Neill, Annie Britton, Eric J Brunner, Steven Bell
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that arterial stiffness, an important marker of cardiovascular health, is associated with alcohol consumption. However, the role of longer-term consumption patterns in the progression of arterial stiffness over time remains unclear. A longitudinal cohort design was used to evaluate the association between alcohol consumption over 25 years and subsequent changes in arterial stiffness. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data (N=3869; 73% male) were drawn from the Whitehall II cohort study of British civil servants, in which participants completed repeat pulse wave velocity assessments of arterial stiffness across a 4- to 5-year interval...
February 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209338/the-pharmacist-role-in-the-development-and-implementation-of-a-naloxone-prescription-program-in-alabama
#7
Jordan L Wulz, Hanna Sung, B DeeAnn Dugan, Terri M Wensel, Roger Lander, Bryn Manzella
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to describe the development and implementation of a pharmacist-led naloxone-training and prescription service at a county health department. SETTING: Jefferson County Department of Health, Birmingham, Alabama. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: This service was developed in response to the overwhelming heroin and opioid epidemic that is currently affecting the entire nation and which is highly prevalent in the state of Alabama...
February 10, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205644/bribery-games-on-inter-dependent-regular-networks
#8
Prateek Verma, Anjan K Nandi, Supratim Sengupta
We examine a scenario of social conflict that is manifest during an interaction between government servants providing a service and citizens who are legally entitled to the service, using evolutionary game-theory in structured populations characterized by an inter-dependent network. Bribe-demands by government servants during such transactions, called harassment bribes, constitute a widespread form of corruption in many countries. We investigate the effect of varying bribe demand made by corrupt officials and the cost of complaining incurred by harassed citizens, on the proliferation of corrupt strategies in the population...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187021/on-the-road-to-professionalism
#9
David H Chestnut
Many observers have concluded that we have a crisis of professionalism in the practice of medicine. In this essay, the author identifies and discusses personal attributes and commitments important in the development and maintenance of physician professionalism: humility, servant leadership, self-awareness, kindness, altruism, attention to personal well-being, responsibility and concern for patient safety, lifelong learning, self-regulation, and honesty and integrity. Professionalism requires character, but character alone is not enough...
February 10, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167697/prc2-is-dispensable-for-hotair-mediated-transcriptional-repression
#10
Manuela Portoso, Roberta Ragazzini, Živa Brenčič, Arianna Moiani, Audrey Michaud, Ivaylo Vassilev, Michel Wassef, Nicolas Servant, Bruno Sargueil, Raphaël Margueron
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play diverse roles in physiological and pathological processes. Several lncRNAs have been suggested to modulate gene expression by guiding chromatin-modifying complexes to specific sites in the genome. However, besides the example of Xist, clear-cut evidence demonstrating this novel mode of regulation remains sparse. Here, we focus on HOTAIR, a lncRNA that is overexpressed in several tumor types and previously proposed to play a key role in gene silencing through direct recruitment of Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) to defined genomic loci...
February 6, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163281/job-strain-and-binge-eating-among-brazilian-workers-participating-in-the-elsa-brasil-study-does-bmi-matter
#11
Ana Paula Bruno Pena Gralle, Arlinda Barbosa Moreno, Leidjaira Lopes Juvanhol, Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca, Enirtes Caetano Prates Melo, Maria Angélica Antunes Nunes, Susanna Toivanen, Rosane Härter Griep
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between job strain and binge eating as well as the effect-modifying influence of body mass index (BMI) on this association. METHODS: A total of 11,951 active civil servants from the multicenter Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) was included in this cross-sectional analysis. Job strain was assessed using the Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire. Binge eating was defined as eating a large amount of food with a sense of lack of control over what and how much is eaten in less than 2 hours at least twice a week...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134930/xist-dependent-imprinted-x-inactivation-and-the-early-developmental-consequences-of-its-failure
#12
Maud Borensztein, Laurène Syx, Katia Ancelin, Patricia Diabangouaya, Christel Picard, Tao Liu, Jun-Bin Liang, Ivaylo Vassilev, Rafael Galupa, Nicolas Servant, Emmanuel Barillot, Azim Surani, Chong-Jian Chen, Edith Heard
The long noncoding RNA Xist is expressed from only the paternal X chromosome in mouse preimplantation female embryos and mediates transcriptional silencing of that chromosome. In females, absence of Xist leads to postimplantation lethality. Here, through single-cell RNA sequencing of early preimplantation mouse embryos, we found that the initiation of imprinted X-chromosome inactivation absolutely requires Xist. Lack of paternal Xist leads to genome-wide transcriptional misregulation in the early blastocyst and to failure to activate the extraembryonic pathway that is essential for postimplantation development...
March 2017: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118472/nursing-student-coaches-for-emergency-department-super-utilizers
#13
Della Anderson, Enedina Patch, Brooke Oxandale, Amy Kincade, Angie Gamber, Ruth Ohm
BACKGROUND: The Super Utilizer Project is a collaboration between an integrated health care organization and a baccalaureate school of nursing. The goal is to help the super utilizers access appropriate health care resources through the use of a student coach model. METHOD: The student coaches provide clients with disease prevention and health promotion education and assistance specific to the clients' unique health care needs. The tenets of the theoretical frameworks of servant leadership, caring theory, and transtheoretical model of behavior change are applied throughout this project...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107151/saving-the-starfish-physicians-roles-in-responding-to-human-rights-abuses-in-global-health-practice
#14
Monir Moniruzzaman
This paper examines how an overseas medical student can improve the life of a kamlari, an indentured servant girl in Nepal. I argue that physicians and students should not only provide care for the health and well-being of patients but also act to ameliorate the suffering of their patients, particularly when patients' social, cultural, economic, and political vulnerabilities overshadow their immediate clinical needs. I also address the point that medical schools need to offer courses on health advocacy and activism in order to promote health equity and social justice for all...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077824/burnout-among-public-servants-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-decomposing-the-construct-aftermath-of-disaster
#15
Yuriko Suzuki, Maiko Fukasawa, Akiko Obara, Yoshiharu Kim
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether disaster-related variables, in addition to known work-related risk factors, influence burnout and its subscales (exhaustion, cynicism, and lack of professional efficacy) among public servants who experienced a major disaster. METHODS: Cross-sectional studies were conducted among public servants of Miyagi prefecture at 2 and 16 months after the Great East Japan Earthquake (n = 3,533, response rate 66.8%); burnout was assessed at 16 months using the Japanese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074125/shiga-vero-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-the-hospital-foods-virulence-factors-o-serogroups-and-antimicrobial-resistance-properties
#16
Reza Ranjbar, Mojtaba Masoudimanesh, Farhad Safarpoor Dehkordi, Nematollah Jonaidi-Jafari, Ebrahim Rahimi
BACKGROUND: According to the presence of the weak, diabetic and immunosuppressive patients in hospitals, hospital foods should have a high quality and safety. Cooking a lot of foods higher than daily requirement, storage of cooked foods in an inappropriate condition and presence of nurses and servants in distribution of food to patients are the main reasons caused contamination of hospital foods. Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli is one of the common cause of food poisoning in hospitals...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067780/a-mental-health-survey-of-different-ethnic-and-occupational-groups-in-xinjiang-china
#17
Ailing Fu, Bo Liu, Yu Jiang, Junling Zhao, Guanghui Zhang, Jiwen Liu
Poor mental health has become a serious social and public health-care burden. This cross-sectional study used multistage stratified cluster random sampling to gather mental health information from 11,891 adults (18-60 years) employed in various occupations categorized according to the Chinese Standard Occupational Classification. Mental health was measured by the General Health Questionnaire, and participants exceeding the cut-off score were defined as having poor mental health. The overall prevalence of poor mental health was 23...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060553/determinants-of-willingness-to-consume-genetically-modified-gm-foods-and-the-potential-expenditure-in-nigeria
#18
L A Popoola, M A Otitoju, L Tanko
Consumption decision and likely expenditure are critical fundamentals that may ultimately shape the future of GM crops development and deployment in Nigeria. The present study constituted an attempt to examine factors of significance with bearing influence on these key consumer-led issues. Structured and pre-tested questionnaire were employed to elicit response from consumers. In all, 232 responses were analysed with Heckman two-stage selection model. The socio-economic data shows that majority of respondents (45...
January 6, 2017: GM Crops & Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049704/the-nucleotide-excision-repair-pathway-limits-l1-retrotransposition
#19
Geraldine Servant, Vincent A Streva, Rebecca S Derbes, Madushani I Wijetunge, Marc Neeland, Travis B White, Victoria P Belancio, Astrid M Roy-Engel, Prescott L Deininger
Long interspersed elements 1 (L1) are active mobile elements that constitute almost 17% of the human genome. They amplify through a "copy-and-paste" mechanism termed retrotransposition, and de novo insertions related to these elements have been reported to cause 0.2% of genetic diseases. Our previous data demonstrated that the endonuclease complex ERCC1-XPF, which cleaves a 3' DNA flap structure, limits L1 retrotransposition. Although the ERCC1-XPF endonuclease participates in several different DNA repair pathways, such as single-strand annealing, or in telomere maintenance, its recruitment to DNA lesions is best characterized in the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway...
January 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942074/modelling-and-the-nation-institutionalising-climate-prediction-in-the-uk-1988-92
#20
Martin Mahony, Mike Hulme
How climate models came to gain and exercise epistemic authority has been a key concern of recent climate change historiography. Using newly released archival materials and recently conducted interviews with key actors, we reconstruct negotiations between UK climate scientists and policymakers which led to the opening of the Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research in 1990. We historicize earlier arguments about the unique institutional culture of the Hadley Centre, and link this culture to broader characteristics of UK regulatory practice and environmental politics...
2016: Minerva
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