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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542368/in-vivo-and-in-vitro-characterization-of-ddrc-a-dna-damage-response-protein-in-deinococcus-radiodurans-bacterium
#1
Claire Bouthier de la Tour, Martine Mathieu, Laura Meyer, Pauline Dupaigne, Fanny Passot, Pascale Servant, Suzanne Sommer, Eric Le Cam, Fabrice Confalonieri
The bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans possesses a set of Deinococcus-specific genes highly induced after DNA damage. Among them, ddrC (dr0003) was recently re-annotated, found to be in the inverse orientation and called A2G07_00380. Here, we report the first in vivo and in vitro characterization of the corrected DdrC protein to better understand its function in irradiated cells. In vivo, the ΔddrC null mutant is sensitive to high doses of UV radiation and the ddrC deletion significantly increases UV-sensitivity of ΔuvrA or ΔuvsE mutant strains...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540650/awareness-of-osteoporosis-in-a-polytechnic-in-enugu-south-east-nigeria
#2
R Njeze Ngozi, Obi Ikechukwu, Ajuba Miriam, Agwu-Umahi Olanike, D Akpagbula Ulugo, C Njeze Nneze
This study aims to determine the awareness of osteoporosis and factors that determine awareness of osteoporosis. Results showed that osteoporosis awareness was associated with age (p = 0.006) and occupation (p < 0.001) but not gender, marital status, and level of education. There is therefore need for educational interventions to improve awareness of osteoporosis. INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is a bone disease in which the bone becomes porous, brittle, and more susceptible to fracture...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538933/epidemiological-profile-of-public-servants-absent-from-work-due-to-mental-disorders-from-2010-to-2013
#3
Davi Baasch, Rafaela Luiza Trevisan, Roberto Moraes Cruz
Objective: Describe the epidemiological profile of mental and behavior disorders (MBD) of public servants in the State of Santa Catarina, which resulted in workers providing medical certificates, between 2010 and 2013. Method: A descriptive cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, performed from data provided by the State Secretary of Administration. All medical certificates classified as in Chapter V of ICD-10 - Group "F" - Mental and Behavioral Disorders (MBD) were considered for analysis in the period...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538915/brazil-s-policy-on-healthcare-for-government-workers-players-paths-and-challenges
#4
Maria Inês Carsalade Martins, Simone Santos Oliveira, Elsa Thomé de Andrade, Maria Cristina Strauzz, Larisse Caroline Ferreira de Castro, Aline de Azambuja
This article aims to analyze the extent to which Brazil's public sector has made progress in institutionalizing an integral and participative model for the healthcare of government workers, based on the principles of universality, integrality and workers' participation. Based on documents produced by the Rio de Janeiro Permanent Forum on Workers' Health, the paper analyses the process of implantation of the Integrated Public Workers' Healthcare Sub-System (SIASS) in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro over the period 2009-2016, based on the historical institutionalism...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513804/the-brazilian-oral-health-survey-sbbrasil-2010-workflow-from-the-coordinators-perspective
#5
Fabíola Fernandes Soares, Maria do Carmo Matias Freire, Sandra Cristina Guimarães Bahia Reis
Introduction: Although the workflow of population health surveys may interfere with the quality of the information produced, this aspect has not been investigated in the context of oral health. Objective: To identify the perception of the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (SBBrasil 2010 Project) coordinators regarding the survey's workflow. Methods: Data was collected using an electronic questionnaire sent to the coordinators after the national survey was completed...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512362/-copenhagen-psychosocial-questionnaire-copsoq-psychometric-properties-of-selected-scales-in-the-polish-version
#6
Maria Widerszal-Bazyl
BACKGROUND: The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionniare (COPSOQ) has many advantages as compared to other similar instruments, i.a., it is not related to one single theoretical model and it measures a wide spectrum of psychosocial working conditions that have shown proven impact on health. The aim of the article is to summarize information on psychometric properties of 11 scales in the Polish version: Quantitative Demands, Emotional Demands, Influence at Work, Social Support, Possibilities for Development, Meaning of Work, Role Clarity, Quality of Leadership, Job Insecurity, Job Satisfaction, and General Health...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492709/differential-reporting-of-discriminatory-experiences-in-brazil-and-the-united-states
#7
Sarah Burgard, Debora de Pina Castiglione, Katherine Y Lin, Aline A Nobre, Estela M L Aquino, Alexandre C Pereira, Isabela J Martins Bensenor, Sandhi M Barreto, Dora Chor
There has been little cross-national comparison of perceived discrimination, and few studies have considered how intersectional identities shape perception of discriminatory treatment in different societies. Using data from the ELSA-Brasil, a study of Brazilian civil servants, and the Americans' Changing Lives Study, a nationally-representative sample of U.S. adults, we compare reports of lifetime discrimination among race-by-gender groups in each society. We also consider whether educational attainment explains any group differences, or if differences across groups vary by level of education...
May 8, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491236/self-referral-patterns-among-federal-civil-servants-in-oyo-state-south-western-nigeria
#8
Henry Okoli, Taiwo Obembe, Kayode Osungbade, Folashayo Adeniji, David Adewole
INTRODUCTION: Primary health care is widely accepted as the first point of care; yet, individuals requiring healthcare engage in self-referrals to higher levels of care thereby by-passing primary care. Little is known of the extent to which self-referrals are carried out when care is needed. This study thus sought to determine the prevalence of self-referral, its patterns and factors influencing self-referrals amongst federal civil servants in Southwestern Nigeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 300 federal civil servants who were interviewed using validated and pre-tested interviewer-administered semi structured questionnaires...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475772/retirement-and-socioeconomic-differences-in-diurnal-cortisol-longitudinal-evidence-from-a-cohort-of-british-civil-servants
#9
Tarani Chandola, Patrick Rouxel, Michael G Marmot, Meena Kumari
Objectives: Early old age and the period around retirement are associated with a widening in socioeconomic inequalities in health. There are few studies that address the stress-biological factors related to this widening. This study examined whether retirement is associated with more advantageous (steeper) diurnal cortisol profiles, and differences in this association by occupational grade. Method: Data from the 7th (2002-2004), 8th (2006), and 9th (2007-09) phases of the London-based Whitehall II civil servants study were analysed...
May 5, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465446/sitting-behaviour-is-not-associated-with-incident-diabetes-over-13-years-the-whitehall-ii-cohort-study
#10
Emmanuel Stamatakis, Richard M Pulsford, Eric J Brunner, Annie R Britton, Adrian E Bauman, Stuart Jh Biddle, Melvyn Hillsdon
BACKGROUND: Although certain types of sedentary behaviour have been linked to metabolic risk, prospective studies describing the links between sitting with incident diabetes are scarce and often do not account for baseline adiposity. We investigate the associations between context-specific sitting and incident diabetes in a cohort of mid-aged to older British civil servants. METHODS: Using data from the Whitehall II study (n=4811), Cox proportional hazards models (adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, employment grade, smoking, alcohol intake, fruit and vegetable consumption, self-rated health, physical functioning, walking and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and body mass index (BMI)) were fitted to examine associations between total sitting and context-specific sitting time (work, television (TV), non-TV leisure time sitting at home) at phase 5 (1997-1999) and fasting glucose-defined incident diabetes up to 2011...
May 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449594/admiral-nurses-delivering-workplace-clinics-for-family-carers-innovative-practice
#11
Ian Weatherhead, Linda Eades, Karen Harrison Dening, Wendy Weidner
Dementia UK and The Charity for Civil Servants teamed up to test the acceptability and feasibility of delivering a work-based Admiral Nurse clinic to support family carers during their employed working hours. This paper presents some of the learning from this innovative approach.
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447242/testing-the-online-reading-effects-of-emotionality-on-relative-clause-attachment
#12
Javier García-Orza, José Manuel Gavilán, Isabel Fraga, Pilar Ferré
Previous research has shown the impact of the emotional dimension of nouns (i.e., valence and arousal) on the completion of relative clauses (RC) that are preceded by a double antecedent [e.g.,: Someone shot the servant (the first noun phrase, NP1) of the actress (the second noun phrase, NP2) who was on the balcony] (Fraga et al. in Q J Exp Psychol 65:1740-1759, 2012). The present study explored for the first time the role of emotional valence, specifically emotional positive nouns, on RC disambiguation in a self-paced reading experiment...
April 26, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441727/job-strain-and-casual-blood-pressure-distribution-looking-beyond-the-adjusted-mean-and-taking-gender-age-and-use-of-antihypertensives-into-account-results-from-elsa-brasil
#13
Leidjaira Lopes Juvanhol, Enirtes Caetano Prates Melo, Marilia Sá Carvalho, Dóra Chor, José Geraldo Mill, Rosane Härter Griep
Methodological issues are pointed to as the main sources of inconsistencies in studies about the association between job strain and blood pressure (BP)/hypertension. Our aim was to analyze the relationship between job strain and the whole BP distribution, as well as potential differences by gender, age, and use of antihypertensives. Additionally, we addressed issues relating to the operationalization of the exposure and outcome variables that influence the study of their inter-relations. We evaluated the baseline date of 12,038 participants enrolled in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) (2008-2010), a multicenter cohort study of 35-74-year-old civil servants...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439403/policy-entrepreneurship-and-policy-networks-in-healthcare-systems-the-case-of-israel-s-pediatric-dentistry-reform
#14
Nissim Cohen, Tuvia Horev
BACKGROUND: Can the entry of a policy entrepreneur challenge the equilibrium of a policy network and promote changes that might clash with the goals of powerful civil-servants and/or interest groups and, if so, why and how? Our goal is to examine two sides of the same coin: how does an in-depth analysis of Israel's dental care reform enrich our understanding of policy networks and policy entrepreneurship? Second, how does the literature on policy networks and policy entrepreneurship help us understand this reform? Based on a theoretical framework that appears in the literature of policy entrepreneurship and policy networks, we analyze the motivations, goals and strategies of the main actors involved in the process of reforming pediatric dental care in Israel...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425956/acceptable-risk-analysis-for-abrupt-environmental-pollution-accidents-in-zhangjiakou-city-china
#15
Xi Du, Zhijiao Zhang, Lei Dong, Jing Liu, Alistair G L Borthwick, Renzhi Liu
Abrupt environmental pollution accidents cause considerable damage worldwide to the ecological environment, human health, and property. The concept of acceptable risk aims to answer whether or not a given environmental pollution risk exceeds a societally determined criterion. This paper presents a case study on acceptable environmental pollution risk conducted through a questionnaire survey carried out between August and October 2014 in five representative districts and two counties of Zhangjiakou City, Hebei Province, China...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420043/-alcohol-consumption-prevalence-in-civil-servants
#16
Josep Maria Molina Aragonés, Cristina Abadia Castelló
Temporomandibular dysfunction syndrome (TMDS) includes a number of clinical conditions involving the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), the muscles involved in mastication, or both. The symptoms of TMDS include decreased mobility, masticatory muscle pain, TMJ pain, functional alteration accompanied by articular noises, myofascial pain or deviation of the mouth opening. Work with visual display terminals (VDTs) has become widespread in the past several years and the conditions associated with this type of work have been associated with the appearance of certain musculoskeletal pathologies...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419797/-alcohol-consumption-prevalence-in-civil-servants
#17
Miguel Ruiz-Flores Bistuer, Mª Teófila Vicente Herrero, Silvia Lladosa Marco, Luisa Mercedes Capdevila García, Ángel Arturo López González
Alcohol consumption is a concern for its effects on health and repercussions on the work environment. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of alcohol consumption among civil servants and to examine its association with sociodemographic and occupational variables. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1180 workers from January to November 2011. The prevalence of alcohol consumption was measured in ABV (alcohol by volume) units, and examined by sociodemographic and occupational variables (sex, education level, type of work and social class)...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382675/new-test-method-for-the-evaluation-of-the-preservation-efficacy-of-soaps-at-very-alkaline-ph-made-by-saponification
#18
S Témoin-Fardini, J Servant, S Sellam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a test method to evaluate the preservation efficacy for a specific product, a very high-alkaline liquid soap (pH around 10) made by a saponification process. Several manufacturers have experienced contamination issues with these high-pH soaps despite passing a classic preservative efficacy challenge test or even a multi-inoculation challenge test. METHODS: Bacteria were isolated from contaminated soaps and were identified using 16S rRNA gene sequencing...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373338/prevalence-disparities-and-determinants-of-primary-cesarean-births-among-first-time-mothers-in-mexico
#19
Sylvia Guendelman, Alison Gemmill, Dorothy Thornton, Dilys Walker, Michael Harvey, Julia Walsh, Ricardo Perez-Cuevas
Mexico has the second-highest prevalence of cesarean deliveries in the Americas, behind Brazil. Having had a previous cesarean delivery is highly predictive of having subsequent cesarean deliveries, yet evidence on the drivers of primary (that is, first-time) cesarean deliveries is sparse. Using 2014 Mexican birth certificate data and performing population-level analyses of data on 600,124 first-time mothers giving birth after at least thirty-seven weeks of gestation, we examined the prevalence and determinants of primary cesarean deliveries...
April 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364578/physician-associates-in-primary-health-care-in-england-a-challenge-to-professional-boundaries
#20
Vari M Drennan, Jonathon Gabe, Mary Halter, Simon de Lusignan, Ros Levenson
Like other health care systems, the National Health Service (NHS) in England has looked to new staffing configurations faced with medical staff shortages and rising costs. One solution has been to employ physician associates (PAs). PAs are trained in the medical model to assess, diagnose and commence treatment under the supervision of a physician. This paper explores the perceived effects on professional boundaries and relationships of introducing this completely new professional group. It draws on data from a study, completed in 2014, which examined the contribution of PAs working in general practice...
May 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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