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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342257/trajectories-of-alcohol-consumption-prior-to-the-diagnosis-of-type-2-diabetes-a-longitudinal-case-cohort-study
#1
Craig S Knott, Annie Britton, Steven Bell
Background: Non-linear associations have been reported between baseline measures of alcohol consumption and type 2 diabetes (T2DM). However, given that drinking varies over the adult life course, we investigated whether differences existed in the longitudinal trajectory of alcohol consumption according to T2DM status. Methods: For a case-cohort (916 incident cases; 7376 controls) of British civil servants nested within the Whitehall II cohort, the self-reported weekly volume of alcohol consumption was traced backwards from the date of diagnosis or censoring to the beginning of the study, covering a period of up to 28 years...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324321/injuries-sustained-in-falling-fatalities-in-relation-to-different-distances-of-falls
#2
Hasan Abder-Rahman, Mohanad S O Jaber, Shrouq S Al-Sabaileh
BACKGROUND: Falling from a distance is an important issue worldwide, which happens in different ages, genders and circumstances. It is usually not considered a medicolegal case in many countries hence no autopsy is performed. This study focused on analyzing injuries sustained in victims of falling in relation to different distances of fall. METHODS: Retrospective study of 352 autopsy reports of falling victims brought to the forensic pathology department at Jordan University Hospital during the period from January 1990 to March 2016...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301537/social-health-insurance-contributes-to-universal-coverage-in-south-africa-but-generates-inequities-survey-among-members-of-a-government-employee-insurance-scheme
#3
Jane Goudge, Olufunke A Alaba, Veloshnee Govender, Bronwyn Harris, Nonhlanhla Nxumalo, Matthew F Chersich
BACKGROUND: Many low- and middle-income countries are reforming their health financing mechanisms as part of broader strategies to achieve universal health coverage (UHC). Voluntary social health insurance, despite evidence of resulting inequities, is attractive to policy makers as it generates additional funds for health, and provides access to a greater range of benefits for the formally employed. The South African government introduced a voluntary health insurance scheme (GEMS) for government employees in 2005 with the aim of improving access to care and extending health coverage...
January 4, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299882/-about-98-cases-of-dengue-hospitalized-in-a-private-clinic-of-ouagadougou-epidemiology-diagnostic-and-evolution
#4
I Diallo, K A Sondo, H Tieno, E Y Tamelokpo, J Zoungrana, Y Sagna, M Savadogo, A Poda, O Guira, E A Diendéré, J Sakandé, Y J Drabo
Extremely widespread, the dengue is a reemerging infectious disease. In Burkina Faso, dengue is a reality that was little known. The aim of this study was to study epidemiology, diagnostic and outcomes of dengue patients in Ouagadougou. A retrospective study covered a period of two years, from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2014 in a private clinic in Ouagadougou. Patients included in the study were hospitalized for fever and painful syndrome with a positive test to the dengue non-structural antigen 1 (NS1 Ag)...
December 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282116/sickness-absence-among-municipal-workers-in-a-brazilian-municipality-a-secondary-data-analysis
#5
Ana Lucia M Leao, Anadergh Barbosa-Branco, Marília D Turchi, Ivan A Steenstra, Donald C Cole
BACKGROUND: Sickness absence, work disability associated with illness or injury, is a major public health problem worldwide. Some studies have investigated determinants of sickness absence among workers with shorter job tenure, but have only focused on certain diagnostic groups. Although it is well established that job tenure has an inverse relationship with work injury rate, less is known about its association with sickness absence for other disorders. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the risk factors for incidence and duration of sickness absence according to diagnosis over a 7-year period...
December 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280030/effect-of-retirement-on-cognitive-function-the-whitehall-ii-cohort-study
#6
Baowen Xue, Dorina Cadar, Maria Fleischmann, Stephen Stansfeld, Ewan Carr, Mika Kivimäki, Anne McMunn, Jenny Head
According to the 'use it or lose it' hypothesis, a lack of mentally challenging activities might exacerbate the loss of cognitive function. On this basis, retirement has been suggested to increase the risk of cognitive decline, but evidence from studies with long follow-up is lacking. We tested this hypothesis in a cohort of 3433 civil servants who participated in the Whitehall II Study, including repeated measurements of cognitive functioning up to 14 years before and 14 years after retirement. Piecewise models, centred at the year of retirement, were used to compare trajectories of verbal memory, abstract reasoning, phonemic verbal fluency, and semantic verbal fluency before and after retirement...
December 26, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276414/perceptions-and-practice-of-epidural-analgesia-among-women-attending-antenatal-clinic-in-fetha
#7
Paul O Ezeonu, Okechukwu Bonaventure Anozie, Fidelis A Onu, Chidi U Esike, Johnbosco E Mamah, Lucky O Lawani, Robinson C Onoh, Emmanuel Okechukwu Ndukwe, Richard Lawrence Ewah, Rita Onyinyechi Anozie
Background: The pain of childbirth is arguably the most severe pain that most women will endure in their lifetime. Epidural analgesia is widely used as an effective method of pain relief in labor. It provides almost complete relief of pain if administered timely, and does not affect the progress of the first stage labor. Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the awareness and utilization of epidural analgesia in labor in pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic at Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki (FETHA)...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250940/role-of-nursing-leadership-in-providing-compassionate-care
#8
Barry Quinn
This article encourages nurses to explore the concept of leadership in the constantly changing field of health and social care. All nurses have an important role in leadership, and they should consider what type of leader they want to be and what leadership skills they might wish to develop. This article examines what leadership might involve, exploring various leadership styles and characteristics and how these could be applied in nurses' practice. A core component of nursing and nursing leadership is the ability to provide compassionate care...
December 13, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236005/good-servant-bad-master-sulfide-influence-on-partial-nitritation-of-sewage
#9
V Kouba, E Proksova, H Wiesinger, D Vejmelkova, J Bartacek
When applying partial nitritation (PN) to anaerobically pre-treated sewage, ammonium oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB) will be exposed to dissolved sulfide and methane. Both sulfide and methane may inhibit nitrification. To gain knowledge necessary for sustaining PN under these conditions, we exposed an AOB enrichment and a mixed nitrifying culture to dissolved sulfide and methane. In the mixed nitrifying culture, sulfide selectively inhibited NOB activity (KI,AOB1 = 150 mg-S L-1, KI,NOB = 10 mg-S L-1) which shows that sulfide may help establish PN...
December 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227383/the-aprn-as-servant-leader
#10
Lauren Olvera, Kelly Hunt, Keara Johnson, Sandy Y Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225704/transcription-coupled-repair-and-biased-insertion-of-human-retrotransposon-l1-in-transcribed-genes
#11
Geraldine Servant, Vincent A Streva, Prescott L Deininger
Background: L1 retrotransposons inserted within genes in the human genome show a strong bias against sense orientation with respect to the gene. One suggested explanation for this observation was the possibility that L1 inserted randomly, but that there was negative selection against sense-oriented insertions. However, multiple studies have now found that de novo and polymorphic L1 insertions, which have little opportunity for selection to act, also show the same bias. Results: Here we show that the transcription-coupled sub-pathway of nucleotide excision repair does not affect the overall rate of insertion of L1 elements, which is in contrast with the regulation by the global sub-pathway of nucleotide excision repair...
2017: Mobile DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216852/access-to-affordable-medicines-and-diagnostic-tests-for-asthma-and-copd-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-ugandan-perspective
#12
Davis Kibirige, Leaticia Kampiire, David Atuhe, Raymond Mwebaze, Winceslaus Katagira, Winters Muttamba, Rebecca Nantanda, William Worodria, Bruce Kirenga
BACKGROUND: Equitable access to affordable medicines and diagnostic tests is an integral component of optimal clinical care of patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In Uganda, we lack contemporary data about the availability, cost and affordability of medicines and diagnostic tests essential in asthma and COPD management. METHODS: Data on the availability, cost and affordability of 17 medicines and 2 diagnostic tests essential in asthma and COPD management were collected from 22 public hospitals, 23 private and 85 private pharmacies...
December 8, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211156/street-level-bureaucracy-and-social-policy-in-brazil
#13
Nilson do Rosário Costa
This paper describes the Brazilian central government bureaucracy and people with disabilities' access to the Continuous Cash Benefit (BPC). This access depends on the Ministry of Social Security bureaucracy's evaluation of the condition of vulnerability. We performed a literature review, analysis of secondary data from time series and cross-sectional data to describe street-level federal bureaucracy. Legal documents and indicators describe the expert evaluation regimen of the Ministry of Social Security (MPS)...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211149/characteristics-of-the-mortality-information-system-in-municipalities-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-brazil-2015
#14
Cátia Martinez Minto, Gizelton Pereira Alencar, Marcia Furquim de Almeida, Zilda Pereira da Silva
OBJECTIVE: to describe characteristics of the Mortality Information System (SIM) in municipalities of São Paulo State, in 2015. METHODS: descriptive study with data collected through an electronic questionnaire, with questions on the profile of technical managers, human resources and IT structure. RESULTS: 584/645 municipalities (90.5%) participated; technical managers were mainly women (81.5%), nurses (64.9%), career civil servants (66.1%) and had more than 3 years of work experience with SIM (68...
October 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211111/auditory-skills-of-figure-ground-and-closure-in-air-traffic-controllers
#15
Anna Carolina Nascimento Waack Braga Villar, Liliane Desgualdo Pereira
PURPOSE: To investigate the auditory skills of closure and figure-ground and factors associated with health, communication, and attention in air traffic controllers, and compare these variables with those of other civil and military servants. METHODS: Study participants were sixty adults with normal audiometric thresholds divided into two groups matched for age and gender: study group (SG), comprising 30 air traffic controllers and control group (CG), composed of 30 other military and civil servants...
December 4, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191400/-primary-care-in-portugal
#16
T Sánchez-Sagrado
The economic crisis and deterioration of the Portuguese National Health service has forced professionals to leave the country. The Portuguese National Health System was introduced in 1976, but it has been unable to provide citizens with the social and health advantages of an equality of access and free national health system. The Portuguese National Health System is financed by taxes. However, a 35% of its incomes are from private sources. The health minister decides the budget, and it is based on an historical financing plus a per capita system...
November 27, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163282/from-querulous-to-suicidal-self-immolation-in-public-places-as-a-symbolic-response-to-the-feeling-of-injustice
#17
Benjamin T Lévy, Cécile Prudent, Florian Liétard, Renaud Evrard
Aim: This paper sheds light on the context that leads some querulous patients to self-immolate in front of, or into, public buildings (e.g., tribunals, city halls, and employment agencies). Method: The author defines paranoid querulousness. A psychoanalytic perspective, but also a judicial and a psychiatric point of view, over querulous claimants is presented. The links between political or social claims and self-immolation are studied. The expression of suicidal thoughts voiced by four querulous subjects is analyzed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154262/review-of-scapular-movement-disorders-among-office-workers-having-ergonomic-risk
#18
Ö Depreli, E Angın
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders are the most common health problems which affect millions of office workers. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine scapular positioning at rest and different anatomical planes, the assessment of pain, postural changes and the functionality of upper extremity that is caused by the lack of ergonomic principles among office workers of civil servants in TRNC (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus). METHODS: One hundred and eighty-three individuals participated in the study and 2 groups were created by grand scores of Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) tool...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130589/australia-s-health-star-rating-policy-process-lessons-for-global-policy-making-in-front-of-pack-nutrition-labelling
#19
Medha Kumar, Deborah Gleeson, Simon Barraclough
AIM: This study explored factors that shaped the development of Australia's Health Star Rating system for front-of-pack labelling (FoPL) on packaged foods and whether insights could be drawn from this experience to inform the development of global FoPL standards. METHODS: Ten individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with public health or consumer advocates, academics in the field of nutrition labelling and policy, a food industry employee, and Australian public servants...
November 12, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121794/what-factors-explain-bicycling-and-walking-for-commuting-by-elsa-brasil-participants
#20
Sheila Maria Alvim de Matos, Francisco José Gondim Pitanga, Maria da Conceição C Almeida, Ciro Oliveira Queiroz, Clarice Alves Dos Santos, Rogerio Tosta de Almeida, Ianne Tayrine Martins da Silva, Rosane Harter Griep, Leila Denise Alves Ferreira Amorim, Ana Luísa Patrão, Estela M L Aquino
PURPOSE: To analyze the factors associated with commuting by bicycling and walking in adult participants from ELSA-Brasil (Longitudinal Study of Adult Health). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Six teaching/research institutions throughout Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 15 105 civil servants. MEASURES: Commuting by bicycling and walking was analyzed using the long-form International Physical Activity Questionnaire...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
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