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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425956/acceptable-risk-analysis-for-abrupt-environmental-pollution-accidents-in-zhangjiakou-city-china
#1
Xi Du, Zhijiao Zhang, Lei Dong, Jing Liu, Alistair G L Borthwick, Renzhi Liu
Abrupt environmental pollution accidents cause considerable damage worldwide to the ecological environment, human health, and property. The concept of acceptable risk aims to answer whether or not a given environmental pollution risk exceeds a societally determined criterion. This paper presents a case study on acceptable environmental pollution risk conducted through a questionnaire survey carried out between August and October 2014 in five representative districts and two counties of Zhangjiakou City, Hebei Province, China...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420043/-alcohol-consumption-prevalence-in-civil-servants
#2
Josep Maria Molina Aragonés, Cristina Abadia Castelló
Temporomandibular dysfunction syndrome (TMDS) includes a number of clinical conditions involving the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), the muscles involved in mastication, or both. The symptoms of TMDS include decreased mobility, masticatory muscle pain, TMJ pain, functional alteration accompanied by articular noises, myofascial pain or deviation of the mouth opening. Work with visual display terminals (VDTs) has become widespread in the past several years and the conditions associated with this type of work have been associated with the appearance of certain musculoskeletal pathologies...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419797/-alcohol-consumption-prevalence-in-civil-servants
#3
Miguel Ruiz-Flores Bistuer, Mª Teófila Vicente Herrero, Silvia Lladosa Marco, Luisa Mercedes Capdevila García, Ángel Arturo López González
Alcohol consumption is a concern for its effects on health and repercussions on the work environment. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of alcohol consumption among civil servants and to examine its association with sociodemographic and occupational variables. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1180 workers from January to November 2011. The prevalence of alcohol consumption was measured in ABV (alcohol by volume) units, and examined by sociodemographic and occupational variables (sex, education level, type of work and social class)...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382675/new-test-method-for-the-evaluation-of-the-preservation-efficacy-of-soaps-at-very-alkaline-ph-made-by-saponification
#4
S Témoin-Fardini, J Servant, S Sellam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a test method to evaluate the preservation efficacy for a specific product, a very high alkaline liquid soap (pH around 10) made by a saponification process. Several manufacturers have experienced contamination issues with these high pH soaps despite passing a classic preservative efficacy challenge test or even a multi-inoculation challenge test. METHODS: Bacteria were isolated from contaminated soaps and were identified using 16S rRNA gene sequencing...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373338/prevalence-disparities-and-determinants-of-primary-cesarean-births-among-first-time-mothers-in-mexico
#5
Sylvia Guendelman, Alison Gemmill, Dorothy Thornton, Dilys Walker, Michael Harvey, Julia Walsh, Ricardo Perez-Cuevas
Mexico has the second-highest prevalence of cesarean deliveries in the Americas, behind Brazil. Having had a previous cesarean delivery is highly predictive of having subsequent cesarean deliveries, yet evidence on the drivers of primary (that is, first-time) cesarean deliveries is sparse. Using 2014 Mexican birth certificate data and performing population-level analyses of data on 600,124 first-time mothers giving birth after at least thirty-seven weeks of gestation, we examined the prevalence and determinants of primary cesarean deliveries...
April 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364578/physician-associates-in-primary-health-care-in-england-a-challenge-to-professional-boundaries
#6
Vari M Drennan, Jonathon Gabe, Mary Halter, Simon de Lusignan, Ros Levenson
Like other health care systems, the National Health Service (NHS) in England has looked to new staffing configurations faced with medical staff shortages and rising costs. One solution has been to employ physician associates (PAs). PAs are trained in the medical model to assess, diagnose and commence treatment under the supervision of a physician. This paper explores the perceived effects on professional boundaries and relationships of introducing this completely new professional group. It draws on data from a study, completed in 2014, which examined the contribution of PAs working in general practice...
March 23, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362340/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-about-the-prevention-of-mosquito-bites-and-zika-virus-disease-in-pregnant-women-in-greece
#7
Varvara A Mouchtouri, Dimitrios Papagiannis, Antonios Katsioulis, Georgios Rachiotis, Konstantinos Dafopoulos, Christos Hadjichristodoulou
A survey among 573 pregnant women in Greece was conducted through self-completion of a questionnaire in July 2016. Traveling abroad the last six months was declared by 10.5% and 13.0% of pregnant women and their male sex partners, respectively, while 77.4% (441/570) had heard about Zika virus disease (ZVD). A lack of knowledge about sexual transmission of ZVD was identified in 63.3% of pregnant women, and 24.1% of responders did not know the risks to the fetus and baby. Approximately 73% of responders believed that the mosquito bites can affect their fetus and baby and 18% did not take measures to prevent mosquito bites routinely...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357629/testing-the-validity-of-conflict-drift-diffusion-models-for-use-in-estimating-cognitive-processes-a-parameter-recovery-study
#8
Corey N White, Mathieu Servant, Gordon D Logan
Researchers and clinicians are interested in estimating individual differences in the ability to process conflicting information. Conflict processing is typically assessed by comparing behavioral measures like RTs or error rates from conflict tasks. However, these measures are hard to interpret because they can be influenced by additional processes like response caution or bias. This limitation can be circumvented by employing cognitive models to decompose behavioral data into components of underlying decision processes, providing better specificity for investigating individual differences...
March 29, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357607/social-support-and-its-interrelationships-with-demand-control-model-factors-on-presenteeism-and-absenteeism-in-japanese-civil-servants
#9
Yasuaki Saijo, Eiji Yoshioka, Yoshihiko Nakagi, Yasuyuki Kawanishi, Sharon J B Hanley, Takahiko Yoshida
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the impact of social support and its interrelations with other demand-control-support (DCS) model factors on presenteeism and absenteeism, and to determine which DCS factors were most influential. METHODS: Questionnaires from 2535 local government employees were analyzed. The Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ) was used to assess DCS factors including job demand, job control, and social support from supervisors and coworkers. The Stanford Presenteeism Scale 13-item version (SPS-13) was used to evaluate both absenteeism (absent days) and presenteeism...
March 29, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339419/the-im-possibilities-of-returning-to-work-after-a-stroke
#10
Maria Norstedt
BACKGROUND: What a stroke means for working-age persons has not been sufficiently studied from a sociological perspective. OBJECTIVE: This article uses the empirical material of a larger study to describe and analyze how institutional practices and discourses influence attempts to return to work after a stroke. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten persons who have had a stroke and ten civil servants and professionals from the Swedish Public Employment Service, the Social Insurance Agency, and different health care institutions...
March 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273253/nursing-in-the-mirror-unveiling-transpersonal-leadership-in-team-care
#11
Emanuelle Caires Dias Araújo Nunes, Edla Lobo Muniz
Objective: The aim of this paper was to reveal the individual nurse in the leadership process for transpersonal care of the nursing team. Method: This is a descriptive-exploratory and qualitative study grounded in Transpersonal Care provided at the General Hospital in Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, with 10 nurses who coordinated services at the unit in 2013. Data were collected using a mirror and semi-structured interviews subjected to thematic analysis. Results: The following three categories emerged: Leadership in nursing: potentialities and barriers that permeate intersubjectivity; Transpersonal care of the leader with the team; and transpersonal leadership on balance: critical nodes...
February 23, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257355/building-effective-medical-missions-with-servant-leadership-skills
#12
Linda Johanson
Nurses are naturally drawn to service opportunities, such as short-term medical missions (STMM), which hold great potential to benefit health. But STMMs have been criticized as potentially being culturally insensitive, leading to dependency, inadvertently causing harm, or being unsustainable. Utilizing servant leadership skills, nurses can effectively build community, vision, and sustainability into STMM projects.
April 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249859/servant-leadership-the-primacy-of-service
#13
EDITORIAL
Richard H Savel, Cindy L Munro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228848/brazilian-dietary-patterns-and-the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dash-diet-relationship-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-newly-diagnosed-diabetes-in-the-elsa-brasil-study
#14
Michele Drehmer, Andrew O Odegaard, Maria Inês Schmidt, Bruce B Duncan, Letícia de Oliveira Cardoso, Sheila M Alvim Matos, Maria Del Carmen B Molina, Sandhi M Barreto, Mark A Pereira
BACKGROUND: Studies evaluating dietary patterns, including the DASH diet, and their relationship with the metabolic syndrome and diabetes may help to understand the role of dairy products (low fat or full fat) in these conditions. Our aim is to identify dietary patterns in Brazilian adults and compare them with the (DASH) diet quality score in terms of their associations with metabolic syndrome and newly diagnosed diabetes in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health-the ELSA-Brasil study...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219925/twenty-five-year-alcohol-consumption-trajectories-and-their-association-with-arterial-aging-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Darragh O'Neill, Annie Britton, Eric J Brunner, Steven Bell
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that arterial stiffness, an important marker of cardiovascular health, is associated with alcohol consumption. However, the role of longer-term consumption patterns in the progression of arterial stiffness over time remains unclear. A longitudinal cohort design was used to evaluate the association between alcohol consumption over 25 years and subsequent changes in arterial stiffness. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data (N=3869; 73% male) were drawn from the Whitehall II cohort study of British civil servants, in which participants completed repeat pulse wave velocity assessments of arterial stiffness across a 4- to 5-year interval...
February 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209338/the-pharmacist-role-in-the-development-and-implementation-of-a-naloxone-prescription-program-in-alabama
#16
Jordan L Wulz, Hanna Sung, B DeeAnn Dugan, Terri M Wensel, Roger Lander, Bryn Manzella
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to describe the development and implementation of a pharmacist-led naloxone-training and prescription service at a county health department. SETTING: Jefferson County Department of Health, Birmingham, Alabama. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: This service was developed in response to the overwhelming heroin and opioid epidemic that is currently affecting the entire nation and which is highly prevalent in the state of Alabama...
February 10, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205644/bribery-games-on-inter-dependent-regular-networks
#17
Prateek Verma, Anjan K Nandi, Supratim Sengupta
We examine a scenario of social conflict that is manifest during an interaction between government servants providing a service and citizens who are legally entitled to the service, using evolutionary game-theory in structured populations characterized by an inter-dependent network. Bribe-demands by government servants during such transactions, called harassment bribes, constitute a widespread form of corruption in many countries. We investigate the effect of varying bribe demand made by corrupt officials and the cost of complaining incurred by harassed citizens, on the proliferation of corrupt strategies in the population...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187021/on-the-road-to-professionalism
#18
David H Chestnut
Many observers have concluded that we have a crisis of professionalism in the practice of medicine. In this essay, the author identifies and discusses personal attributes and commitments important in the development and maintenance of physician professionalism: humility, servant leadership, self-awareness, kindness, altruism, attention to personal well-being, responsibility and concern for patient safety, lifelong learning, self-regulation, and honesty and integrity. Professionalism requires character, but character alone is not enough...
May 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167697/prc2-is-dispensable-for-hotair-mediated-transcriptional-repression
#19
Manuela Portoso, Roberta Ragazzini, Živa Brenčič, Arianna Moiani, Audrey Michaud, Ivaylo Vassilev, Michel Wassef, Nicolas Servant, Bruno Sargueil, Raphaël Margueron
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play diverse roles in physiological and pathological processes. Several lncRNAs have been suggested to modulate gene expression by guiding chromatin-modifying complexes to specific sites in the genome. However, besides the example of Xist, clear-cut evidence demonstrating this novel mode of regulation remains sparse. Here, we focus on HOTAIR, a lncRNA that is overexpressed in several tumor types and previously proposed to play a key role in gene silencing through direct recruitment of Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) to defined genomic loci...
April 13, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163281/job-strain-and-binge-eating-among-brazilian-workers-participating-in-the-elsa-brasil-study-does-bmi-matter
#20
Ana Paula Bruno Pena Gralle, Arlinda Barbosa Moreno, Leidjaira Lopes Juvanhol, Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca, Enirtes Caetano Prates Melo, Maria Angélica Antunes Nunes, Susanna Toivanen, Rosane Härter Griep
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between job strain and binge eating as well as the effect-modifying influence of body mass index (BMI) on this association. METHODS: A total of 11,951 active civil servants from the multicenter Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) was included in this cross-sectional analysis. Job strain was assessed using the Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire. Binge eating was defined as eating a large amount of food with a sense of lack of control over what and how much is eaten in less than 2 hours at least twice a week...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
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