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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077824/burnout-among-public-servants-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-decomposing-the-construct-aftermath-of-disaster
#1
Yuriko Suzuki, Maiko Fukasawa, Akiko Obara, Yoshiharu Kim
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether disaster-related variables, in addition to known work-related risk factors, influence burnout and its subscales (exhaustion, cynicism, and lack of professional efficacy) among public servants who experienced a major disaster. METHODS: Cross-sectional studies were conducted among public servants of Miyagi prefecture at 2 and 16 months after the Great East Japan Earthquake (n = 3,533, response rate 66.8%); burnout was assessed at 16 months using the Japanese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074125/shiga-vero-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-the-hospital-foods-virulence-factors-o-serogroups-and-antimicrobial-resistance-properties
#2
Reza Ranjbar, Mojtaba Masoudimanesh, Farhad Safarpoor Dehkordi, Nematollah Jonaidi-Jafari, Ebrahim Rahimi
BACKGROUND: According to the presence of the weak, diabetic and immunosuppressive patients in hospitals, hospital foods should have a high quality and safety. Cooking a lot of foods higher than daily requirement, storage of cooked foods in an inappropriate condition and presence of nurses and servants in distribution of food to patients are the main reasons caused contamination of hospital foods. Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli is one of the common cause of food poisoning in hospitals...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067780/a-mental-health-survey-of-different-ethnic-and-occupational-groups-in-xinjiang-china
#3
Ailing Fu, Bo Liu, Yu Jiang, Junling Zhao, Guanghui Zhang, Jiwen Liu
Poor mental health has become a serious social and public health-care burden. This cross-sectional study used multistage stratified cluster random sampling to gather mental health information from 11,891 adults (18-60 years) employed in various occupations categorized according to the Chinese Standard Occupational Classification. Mental health was measured by the General Health Questionnaire, and participants exceeding the cut-off score were defined as having poor mental health. The overall prevalence of poor mental health was 23...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060553/determinants-of-willingness-to-consume-genetically-modified-gm-foods-and-the-potential-expenditure-in-nigeria
#4
L A Popoola, M A Otitoju, L Tanko
Consumption decision and likely expenditure are critical fundamentals that may ultimately shape the future of GM crops development and deployment in Nigeria. The present study constituted an attempt to examine factors of significance with bearing influence on these key consumer-led issues. Structured and pre-tested questionnaire were employed to elicit response from consumers. In all, 232 responses were analysed with Heckman two-stage selection model. The socio-economic data shows that majority of respondents (45...
January 6, 2017: GM Crops & Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049704/the-nucleotide-excision-repair-pathway-limits-l1-retrotransposition
#5
Geraldine Servant, Vincent A Streva, Rebecca S Derbes, Madushani I Wijetunge, Marc Neeland, Travis B White, Victoria P Belancio, Astrid M Roy-Engel, Prescott L Deininger
Long interspersed elements 1 (L1) are active mobile elements that constitute almost 17% of the human genome. They amplify through a "copy-and-paste" mechanism termed retrotransposition, and de novo insertions related to these elements have been reported to cause 0.2% of genetic diseases. Our previous data demonstrated that the endonuclease complex ERCC1-XPF, which cleaves a 3' DNA flap structure, limits L1 retrotransposition. Although the ERCC1-XPF endonuclease participates in several different DNA repair pathways, such as single-strand annealing, or in telomere maintenance, its recruitment to DNA lesions is best characterized in the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway...
January 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942074/modelling-and-the-nation-institutionalising-climate-prediction-in-the-uk-1988-92
#6
Martin Mahony, Mike Hulme
How climate models came to gain and exercise epistemic authority has been a key concern of recent climate change historiography. Using newly released archival materials and recently conducted interviews with key actors, we reconstruct negotiations between UK climate scientists and policymakers which led to the opening of the Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research in 1990. We historicize earlier arguments about the unique institutional culture of the Hadley Centre, and link this culture to broader characteristics of UK regulatory practice and environmental politics...
2016: Minerva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919353/dyslipidemia-according-to-gender-and-race-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#7
Raul D Santos, Isabela M Bensenor, Alexandre C Pereira, Paulo A Lotufo
BACKGROUND: There is little information regarding lipid profiles of racially mixed populations. Differently from other Latin American countries, the proportion of African ancestry is much higher in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: Verify whether there are differences in the lipid profile between black and white subjects and if people with mixed ancestry have a pattern more closely resembling whites or blacks. METHODS: A total of 15,105 civil servants aged 35-74 years from the ELSA-Brasil study had their fasting lipid profile determined...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909261/measuring-nutrition-governance-an-analysis-of-commitment-capability-and-collaboration-in-nepal
#8
Patrick Webb, Shibani Ghosh, Robin Shrestha, Grace Namirembe, Sabi Gurung, Diplav Sapkota, Winnie Fay Bell, Dale Davis, Eileen Kennedy, Shailes Neupane, Swetha Manohar, Kedar Baral
BACKGROUND: Global commitments to nutrition have supported calls for better evidence to support effective investments at national level. However, too little attention has so far been paid to the role of governance in achieving impacts. OBJECTIVE: This article explores the ways by which the commitment and capabilities of policy implementers affect collaborative efforts for achieving nutrition goals. METHODS: Over 1370 structured interviews were held with government and nongovernment officials over 3 years in 21 districts...
December 2016: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908746/willingness-to-pay-for-a-dengue-vaccine-and-its-associated-determinants-in-indonesia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-survey-in-aceh
#9
Harapan Harapan, Samsul Anwar, Aslam Bustamam, Arsil Radiansyah, Pradiba Angraini, Riny Fasli, Salwiyadi Salwiyadi, Reza Akbar Bastian, Ade Oktiviyari, Imaduddin Akmal, Muhammad Iqbalamin, Jamalul Adil, Fenni Henrizal, Darmayanti Darmayanti, Mahmuda Mahmuda, Mudatsir Mudatsir, Allison Imrie, R Tedjo Sasmono, Ulrich Kuch, Ziv Shkedy, Setia Pramana
Vaccination strategies are being considered as a part of dengue prevention programs in endemic countries. To accelerate the introduction of dengue vaccine into the public sector program and private markets, understanding the private economic benefits of a dengue vaccine is therefore essential. The aim of this study was to assess the willingness to pay (WTP) for a dengue vaccine among community members in Indonesia and its associated explanatory variables. A community-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in nine regencies of Aceh province, Indonesia, from November 2014 to March 2015...
February 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908545/association-between-fat-mass-and-bone-mineral-density-among-brazilian-women-differs-by-menopausal-status-the-pr%C3%A3-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-study
#10
Amina Chain, Marise Crivelli, Eduardo Faerstein, Flávia F Bezerra
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between bone mineral density (BMD) and fat mass (FM) in a multiethnic population of Brazilian women and to evaluate the influence of total body mass and lean mass on this association. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study nested within the Pro-Saúde Study, a prospective cohort of university civil servants in Rio de Janeiro. Participants were pre- (n = 100) and postmenopausal (n = 166) women...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907815/master-or-servant-emerging-roles-for-motor-neuron-subtypes-in-the-construction-and-evolution-of-locomotor-circuits
#11
REVIEW
Jeremy S Dasen
Execution of motor behaviors relies on the ability of circuits within the nervous system to engage functionally relevant subtypes of spinal motor neurons. While much attention has been given to the role of networks of spinal interneurons on setting the rhythm and pattern of output from locomotor circuits, recent studies suggest that motor neurons themselves can exert an instructive role in shaping the wiring and functional properties of locomotor networks. Alteration in the distribution of motor neuron subtypes also appears to have contributed to evolutionary transitions in the locomotor strategies used by land vertebrates...
November 28, 2016: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901243/stages-of-hyperglycemia-and-common-mental-disorders-in-adults-the-brazilian-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#12
Marina Bessel, Álvaro Vigo, Andréa Poyastro, Maria Angélica Nunes, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Maria Inês Schmidt
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus and depressive disorders frequently coexist. However, this relationship has been little evaluated across stages of hyperglycemia and for a broad range of common mental disorders (CMDs). The objective here was to investigate the association between CMDs and stages of glycemia. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted among civil servants aged 35-74 years participating in the ELSA-Brasil cohort. METHODS: CMDs were classified using the Clinical Interview Schedule - Revised (CIS-R)...
September 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899577/a-comprehensive-approach-to-expression-of-l1-loci
#13
Prescott Deininger, Maria E Morales, Travis B White, Melody Baddoo, Dale J Hedges, Geraldine Servant, Sudesh Srivastav, Madison E Smither, Monica Concha, Dawn L DeHaro, Erik K Flemington, Victoria P Belancio
L1 elements represent the only currently active, autonomous retrotransposon in the human genome, and they make major contributions to human genetic instability. The vast majority of the 500 000 L1 elements in the genome are defective, and only a relatively few can contribute to the retrotransposition process. However, there is currently no comprehensive approach to identify the specific loci that are actively transcribed separate from the excess of L1-related sequences that are co-transcribed within genes. We have developed RNA-Seq procedures, as well as a 1200 bp 5' RACE product coupled with PACBio sequencing that can identify the specific L1 loci that contribute most of the L1-related RNA reads...
November 28, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894568/gender-differences-in-cumulative-life-course-socioeconomic-position-and-social-mobility-in-relation-to-new-onset-diabetes-in%C3%A2-adults-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#14
Lidyane V Camelo, Luana Giatti, Bruce B Duncan, Dóra Chor, Rosane Härter Griep, Maria Inês Schmidt, Sandhi Maria Barreto
PURPOSE: We investigated gender-specific associations of cumulative socioeconomic position across life course and social mobility with new onset diabetes mellitus (NODM) in over 12,000 civil servants in Brazil. METHODS: We used data from ELSA-Brasil baseline (2008-2010). The accumulation of risk was assessed using an education-based score and an occupation-based score. Educational and occupational social mobility were also evaluated. RESULTS: In minimally adjusted models, NODM increased with increasing exposure to life-course social disadvantages, especially in men...
December 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881251/comparison-of-health-care-utilization-and-costs-for-patients-with-asthma-by-severity-and-health-insurance-in-thailand
#15
Piyameth Dilokthornsakul, Todd A Lee, Teerapon Dhippayom, Napawan Jeanpeerapong, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
BACKGROUND: To compare health care utilization and cost by asthma severity and type of health insurance in Thailand. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study using an electronic database was conducted in patients with asthma. Patients who were diagnosed with asthma from 2009 to 2011, had at least two subsequent health care encounters for asthma during the first six months after the first asthma diagnosis, and had at least 90 days of follow-up were included. The primary outcome was direct health care costs of inpatient and outpatient care...
May 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878226/psychometric-properties-of-multidimensional-health-locus-of-control-a-and-general-self-efficacy-scale-in-civil-servants-elsa-brasil-musculoskeletal-study-elsa-brasil-msk
#16
Luciana A C Machado, Rosa W Telles, Luciana Costa-Silva, Sandhi M Barreto
Background: Health-related control and self-efficacy beliefs can be assessed in the general population using Multidimensional Health Locus of Control-A subscales (MHLC-A) and the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), respectively. Objective: To test construct validity, internal consistency, reliability (test-retest) and ceiling and floor effects of Portuguese-Brazil versions of MHLC-A and GSES. Method: Civil servants (N=2901) enrolled in a large Brazilian cohort were included...
June 30, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813609/use-of-sugarcane-molasses-by-pycnoporus-sanguineus-for-the-production-of-laccase-for-dye-decolorization
#17
R A Marim, A C C Oliveira, R S Marquezoni, J P R Servantes, B K Cardoso, G A Linde, N B Colauto, J S Valle
Pycnoporus sanguineus is a white-rot basidiomycete that produces laccase as the only oxidoreductase; enzyme synthesis depends on cultivation variables, and fungal species and strain. Laccases have wide substrate specificity, oxidize a broad range of compounds, and show potential for use in dye decolorization. We evaluated laccase production in a recently isolated strain of P. sanguineus cultivated with sugarcane molasses as the only carbon source, and urea or yeast extract as the nitrogen source [at various nitrogen concentrations (0...
October 17, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808618/an-unworkable-plan
#18
James Buchan
A document that details government concerns about a 7-day NHS was released to a national newspaper in August, revealing the precarious state of NHS finances in England. The 'secret' internal document, known as the risk register, sets out civil servant assessments of the political danger in trying to implement the new working pattern throughout the health service.
October 19, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778759/the-continuing-struggle-between-career-civil-servants-and-political-appointees-in-the-development-of-government-public-health-standards
#19
Peter F Infante
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773521/association-between-cardiovascular-health-score-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil-baseline-assessment
#20
Itamar S Santos, Alessandra C Goulart, Alexandre C Pereira, Paulo A Lotufo, Isabela M Benseñor
BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association aims to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease in this decade by improving seven ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) characteristics in the population. The aim of this study was to quantify the association between the American Heart Association's CVH score and values for carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health baseline assessment. METHODS: The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health is a multicenter cohort study of civil servants aged 35 to 74 years in Brazil...
December 2016: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
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