keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Servant

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919353/dyslipidemia-according-to-gender-and-race-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#1
Raul D Santos, Isabela M Bensenor, Alexandre C Pereira, Paulo A Lotufo
BACKGROUND: There is little information regarding lipid profiles of racially mixed populations. Differently from other Latin American countries, the proportion of African ancestry is much higher in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: Verify whether there are differences in the lipid profile between black and white subjects and if people with mixed ancestry have a pattern more closely resembling whites or blacks. METHODS: A total of 15,105 civil servants aged 35-74 years from the ELSA-Brasil study had their fasting lipid profile determined...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909261/measuring-nutrition-governance-an-analysis-of-commitment-capability-and-collaboration-in-nepal
#2
Patrick Webb, Shibani Ghosh, Robin Shrestha, Grace Namirembe, Sabi Gurung, Diplav Sapkota, Winnie Fay Bell, Dale Davis, Eileen Kennedy, Shailes Neupane, Swetha Manohar, Kedar Baral
BACKGROUND: Global commitments to nutrition have supported calls for better evidence to support effective investments at national level. However, too little attention has so far been paid to the role of governance in achieving impacts. OBJECTIVE: This article explores the ways by which the commitment and capabilities of policy implementers affect collaborative efforts for achieving nutrition goals. METHODS: Over 1370 structured interviews were held with government and nongovernment officials over 3 years in 21 districts...
December 2016: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908746/willingness-to-pay-for-a-dengue-vaccine-and-its-associated-determinants-in-indonesia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-survey-in-aceh
#3
Harapan Harapan, Samsul Anwar, Aslam Bustamam, Arsil Radiansyah, Pradiba Angraini, Riny Fasli, Salwiyadi Salwiyadi, Reza Akbar Bastian, Ade Oktiviyari, Imaduddin Akmal, Muhammad Iqbalamin, Jamalul Adil, Fenni Henrizal, Darmayanti Darmayanti, Mahmuda Mahmuda, Mudatsir Mudatsir, Allison Imrie, R Tedjo Sasmono, Ulrich Kuch, Ziv Shkedy, Setia Pramana
Vaccination strategies are being considered as a part of dengue prevention programs in endemic countries. To accelerate the introduction of dengue vaccine into the public sector program and private markets, understanding the private economic benefits of a dengue vaccine is therefore essential. The aim of this study was to assess the willingness to pay (WTP) for a dengue vaccine among community members in Indonesia and its associated explanatory variables. A community-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in nine regencies of Aceh province, Indonesia, from November 2014 to March 2015...
November 28, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908545/association-between-fat-mass-and-bone-mineral-density-among-brazilian-women-differs-by-menopausal-status-the-pr%C3%A3-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-study
#4
Amina Chain, Marise Crivelli, Eduardo Faerstein, Flávia F Bezerra
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between bone mineral density (BMD) and fat mass (FM) in a multiethnic population of Brazilian women and to evaluate the influence of total body mass and lean mass on this association. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study nested within the Pro-Saúde Study, a prospective cohort of university civil servants in Rio de Janeiro. Participants were pre- (n = 100) and postmenopausal (n = 166) women...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907815/master-or-servant-emerging-roles-for-motor-neuron-subtypes-in-the-construction-and-evolution-of-locomotor-circuits
#5
REVIEW
Jeremy S Dasen
Execution of motor behaviors relies on the ability of circuits within the nervous system to engage functionally relevant subtypes of spinal motor neurons. While much attention has been given to the role of networks of spinal interneurons on setting the rhythm and pattern of output from locomotor circuits, recent studies suggest that motor neurons themselves can exert an instructive role in shaping the wiring and functional properties of locomotor networks. Alteration in the distribution of motor neuron subtypes also appears to have contributed to evolutionary transitions in the locomotor strategies used by land vertebrates...
November 28, 2016: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901243/stages-of-hyperglycemia-and-common-mental-disorders-in-adults-the-brazilian-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#6
Marina Bessel, Álvaro Vigo, Andréa Poyastro, Maria Angélica Nunes, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Maria Inês Schmidt
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus and depressive disorders frequently coexist. However, this relationship has been little evaluated across stages of hyperglycemia and for a broad range of common mental disorders (CMDs). The objective here was to investigate the association between CMDs and stages of glycemia. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted among civil servants aged 35-74 years participating in the ELSA-Brasil cohort. METHODS: CMDs were classified using the Clinical Interview Schedule - Revised (CIS-R)...
September 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899577/a-comprehensive-approach-to-expression-of-l1-loci
#7
Prescott Deininger, Maria E Morales, Travis B White, Melody Baddoo, Dale J Hedges, Geraldine Servant, Sudesh Srivastav, Madison E Smither, Monica Concha, Dawn L DeHaro, Erik K Flemington, Victoria P Belancio
L1 elements represent the only currently active, autonomous retrotransposon in the human genome, and they make major contributions to human genetic instability. The vast majority of the 500 000 L1 elements in the genome are defective, and only a relatively few can contribute to the retrotransposition process. However, there is currently no comprehensive approach to identify the specific loci that are actively transcribed separate from the excess of L1-related sequences that are co-transcribed within genes. We have developed RNA-Seq procedures, as well as a 1200 bp 5' RACE product coupled with PACBio sequencing that can identify the specific L1 loci that contribute most of the L1-related RNA reads...
November 28, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894568/gender-differences-in-cumulative-life-course-socioeconomic-position-and-social-mobility-in-relation-to-new-onset-diabetes-in%C3%A2-adults-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#8
Lidyane V Camelo, Luana Giatti, Bruce B Duncan, Dóra Chor, Rosane Härter Griep, Maria Inês Schmidt, Sandhi Maria Barreto
PURPOSE: We investigated gender-specific associations of cumulative socioeconomic position across life course and social mobility with new onset diabetes mellitus (NODM) in over 12,000 civil servants in Brazil. METHODS: We used data from ELSA-Brasil baseline (2008-2010). The accumulation of risk was assessed using an education-based score and an occupation-based score. Educational and occupational social mobility were also evaluated. RESULTS: In minimally adjusted models, NODM increased with increasing exposure to life-course social disadvantages, especially in men...
December 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881251/comparison-of-health-care-utilization-and-costs-for-patients-with-asthma-by-severity-and-health-insurance-in-thailand
#9
Piyameth Dilokthornsakul, Todd A Lee, Teerapon Dhippayom, Napawan Jeanpeerapong, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
BACKGROUND: To compare health care utilization and cost by asthma severity and type of health insurance in Thailand. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study using an electronic database was conducted in patients with asthma. Patients who were diagnosed with asthma from 2009 to 2011, had at least two subsequent health care encounters for asthma during the first six months after the first asthma diagnosis, and had at least 90 days of follow-up were included. The primary outcome was direct health care costs of inpatient and outpatient care...
May 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878226/psychometric-properties-of-multidimensional-health-locus-of-control-a-and-general-self-efficacy-scale-in-civil-servants-elsa-brasil-musculoskeletal-study-elsa-brasil-msk
#10
Luciana A C Machado, Rosa W Telles, Luciana Costa-Silva, Sandhi M Barreto
Background: Health-related control and self-efficacy beliefs can be assessed in the general population using Multidimensional Health Locus of Control-A subscales (MHLC-A) and the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), respectively. Objective: To test construct validity, internal consistency, reliability (test-retest) and ceiling and floor effects of Portuguese-Brazil versions of MHLC-A and GSES. Method: Civil servants (N=2901) enrolled in a large Brazilian cohort were included...
June 30, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813609/use-of-sugarcane-molasses-by-pycnoporus-sanguineus-for-the-production-of-laccase-for-dye-decolorization
#11
R A Marim, A C C Oliveira, R S Marquezoni, J P R Servantes, B K Cardoso, G A Linde, N B Colauto, J S Valle
Pycnoporus sanguineus is a white-rot basidiomycete that produces laccase as the only oxidoreductase; enzyme synthesis depends on cultivation variables, and fungal species and strain. Laccases have wide substrate specificity, oxidize a broad range of compounds, and show potential for use in dye decolorization. We evaluated laccase production in a recently isolated strain of P. sanguineus cultivated with sugarcane molasses as the only carbon source, and urea or yeast extract as the nitrogen source [at various nitrogen concentrations (0...
October 17, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808618/an-unworkable-plan
#12
James Buchan
A document that details government concerns about a 7-day NHS was released to a national newspaper in August, revealing the precarious state of NHS finances in England. The 'secret' internal document, known as the risk register, sets out civil servant assessments of the political danger in trying to implement the new working pattern throughout the health service.
October 19, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778759/the-continuing-struggle-between-career-civil-servants-and-political-appointees-in-the-development-of-government-public-health-standards
#13
Peter F Infante
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773521/association-between-cardiovascular-health-score-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil-baseline-assessment
#14
Itamar S Santos, Alessandra C Goulart, Alexandre C Pereira, Paulo A Lotufo, Isabela M Benseñor
BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association aims to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease in this decade by improving seven ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) characteristics in the population. The aim of this study was to quantify the association between the American Heart Association's CVH score and values for carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health baseline assessment. METHODS: The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health is a multicenter cohort study of civil servants aged 35 to 74 years in Brazil...
December 2016: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757924/beyond-decision-motor-contribution-to-speed-accuracy-trade-off-in-decision-making
#15
Laure Spieser, Mathieu Servant, Thierry Hasbroucq, Borís Burle
Both in real life and experimental settings, increasing response speed typically leads to more error-prone actions. Processes underlying such a "speed-accuracy trade-off" (SAT) are usually assumed to be purely decisional: cautiousness would be determined only by the amount of sensory evidence required to select a response. The present data challenges this largely accepted view, by directly showing that motor processes are speeded up under time pressure. In a choice reaction time task where emphasis was put either on response speed or accuracy, motor processes were investigated through the analysis of muscular activity related to response execution...
October 18, 2016: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756921/the-role-of-servant-leadership-and-transformational-leadership-in-academic-pharmacy
#16
George P Allen, W Mark Moore, Lynette R Moser, Kathryn K Neill, Usha Sambamoorthi, Hershey S Bell
A variety of changes are facing leaders in academic pharmacy. Servant and transformational leadership have attributes that provide guidance and inspiration through these changes. Servant leadership focuses on supporting and developing the individuals within an institution, while transformational leadership focuses on inspiring followers to work towards a common goal. This article discusses these leadership styles and how they may both be ideal for leaders in academic pharmacy.
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752276/imbalances-in-the-german-public-health-system-numbers-of-state-certified-occupational-physicians-and-relation-to-socioeconomic-data
#17
Christoph Gyo, Michael Boll, Dörthe Brüggmann, Doris Klingelhöfer, David Quarcoo, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: State-certified occupational physicians who work as civil servants in the Federal Republic of Germany are key players in the German Public Health system. They control i.e. the legal compliance in occupational health and participate in the occupational disease procedures. Despite the role model function of the German Public health system for many developing countries, this area of Public health is debated to have been hampered in the past years by a disregard concerning structural developments...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752190/low-level-of-hepatitis-b-knowledge-and-awareness-among-pregnant-women-in-the-kintampo-north-municipality-implications-for-effective-disease-control
#18
Martha Ali Abdulai, Frank Baiden, George Adjei, Seth Owusu-Agyei
BACKGROUND: Over 2 billion people are infected with Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and about 240 million are chronic carriers of the virus. Chronic HBV infection is an important cause of liver cancer. The infectivity of HBV is hundred times higher than the HIV virus yet it receives comparatively little attention in public health. The study assessed knowledge and awareness of HBV among pregnant women in the Kintampo Municipality of Ghana. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in two facilities between September 2010 and November 2010...
September 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699695/associations-of-smoking-status-with-other-lifestyle-behaviors-are-modified-by-sex-and-occupational-category-among-urban-civil-servants-in-japan
#19
Takahiro Higashibata, Kenji Wakai, Rieko Okada, Hiroko Nakagawa, Nobuyuki Hamajima
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to examine the associations of current smoking with five other unhealthy lifestyle behaviors among urban civil servants in Japan according to sex and occupational category. METHODS: The study included 10,232 urban civil servants in Japan who presented for a health check-up in 2011. We analyzed data on anthropometric measurements and self-reported lifestyle factors. RESULTS: Current smokers had a higher BMI than never smokers in white-collar workers, but not in blue-collar workers of both sexes...
November 2016: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686066/mortality-and-treatment-costs-of-hospitalized-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-between-the-three-major-health-insurance-schemes-in-thailand
#20
Sirirat Anutrakulchai, Pisaln Mairiang, Cholatip Pongskul, Kaewjai Thepsuthammarat, Chitranon Chan-On, Bandit Thinkhamrop
BACKGROUND: Thailand has reformed its healthcare to ensure fairness and universality. Previous reports comparing the fairness among the 3 main healthcare schemes, including the Universal Coverage Scheme (UCS), the Civil Servant Medical Benefit Scheme (CSMBS) and the Social Health Insurance (SHI) have been published. They focused mainly on provision of medication for cancers and human immunodeficiency virus infection. Since chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients have a high rate of hospitalization and high risk of death, they also require special care and need more than access to medicine...
September 29, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
keyword
keyword
7333
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"