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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445628/medicinal-properties-of-adiantum-capillus-veneris-linn-in-traditional-medicine-and-modern-phytotherapy-a-review-article
#1
REVIEW
Sahar Dehdari, Homa Hajimehdipoor
Background: Adiantum capillus-veneris Linn (Maidenhair fern) is an herb belonging to the family Pteridaceae. It is named as " Pare-siavashan " in medical and pharmaceutical textbooks of Iranian Traditional Medicine. The fronds of Maidenhair fern were mainly administrated by ancient physicians as single medicine or in combination with other plants in multi-herbal formulations for curing different diseases. Because of different chemical compositions, the herb fronds were also assessed for its numerous pharmacological effects...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415748/an-ethnobotanical-study-in-midyat-turkey-a-city-on-the-silk-road-where-cultures-meet
#2
Ali Akgul, Ayfer Akgul, Serdar G Senol, Hasan Yildirim, Ozcan Secmen, Yunus Dogan
BACKGROUND: Studies of ethnobotanical usages in south-eastern Turkey are rare. To widen this field of knowledge, we conducted an ethnobotanical study in Midyat (Mardin Province), Turkey. METHODS: The field study was completed during three years (2007-2010). Our aim was to document the ethnobotanical uses of local plants and to make an ethnobotanical inventory of uncommon plants using qualitative interviews. RESULTS: During field studies, 368 voucher specimens were collected in the investigated area...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415715/hospital-acquired-fever-in-oriental-medical-hospitals
#3
Soo-Youn Moon, Ki-Ho Park, Mi Suk Lee, Jun Seong Son
BACKGROUND: Traditional Oriental medicine is used in many Asian countries and involves herbal medicines, acupuncture, moxibustion, and cupping. We investigated the incidence and causes of hospital-acquired fever (HAF) and the characteristics of febrile inpatients in Oriental medical hospitals (OMHs). METHODS: Patients hospitalized in two OMHs of a university medical institute in Seoul, Korea, were retrospectively reviewed from 2006 to 2013. Adult patients with HAF were enrolled...
February 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414543/epilepsy-in-hildegard-of-bingen-s-writings-a-comprehensive-overview
#4
REVIEW
Francesco Brigo, Eugen Trinka, Bruno Brigo, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Giammario Ragnedda, Raffaele Nardone, Mariano Martini
Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179AD) is one of the most relevant figures of the Middle Ages. She wrote two medical books, Physica (Natural history) and Causae et curae (Causes and remedies). Our aim was to provide a comprehensive account of Hildegard of Bingen's conception of epilepsy, of the remedies proposed to treat it, and of the medical and physiological theories behind their use. We searched Hildegard of Bingen's entire body of writings to identify any possible reference to epilepsy or epileptic seizures...
February 1, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376238/-features-of-professor-ma-kun-s-medication-in-treating-ovulatory-infertility
#5
Ya-Jing Tong, Hui-Xian Zhang, Yan-Xia Chen, Mei-Ling Dong, Kun Ma
In order to analyze Professor Ma Kun's medication in treating anovulatory infertility, her prescriptions for treating anovulatory infertility in 2012-2015 were collected. The medication features and the regularity of prescriptions were mined by using traditional Chinese medicine inheritance support system, association rules, complex system entropy clustering and other mining methods. Finally, a total of 684 prescriptions and 300 kinds of herbs were screened out, with a total frequency of 11 156 times; And 68 core combinations and 8 new prescriptions were mined...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367772/design-and-implementation-of-an-elective-on-the-ethnopharmacology-of-appalachia-for-the-pharmd-curriculum
#6
Rebecca S Linger
Objective. To create and implement a class in ethnopharmacology that would educate student pharmacists on folk medicine, including home remedies and native plants that are used as alternative medicinal sources; active components of medicinal plants including toxicity issues and the mechanism of action of beneficial compounds, such as catechins and other flavonoids; and nutraceuticals and poisonous plants. Methods. In this three-credit hour class, herbal remedies are investigated from the standpoints of medical efficacy, potential toxicities and drug interactions with prescribed medications...
December 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317924/a-qualitative-exploration-of-hypertensive-patients-perception-towards-quality-use-of-medication-and-hypertension-management-at-the-community-level
#7
Ching S Tan, Mohamed A Hassali, Chin F Neoh, Fahad Saleem
Objective: This study aimed to explore hypertensive patients' perspectives on quality use of medication and issues related to hypertension management at the community level in Malaysia. Methods: Focus groups discussion was employed in this qualitative study. A total of 17 hypertensive patients were purposively recruited. Three focus group discussions with semi-structured interview were carried out at Flat Desa Wawasan, Penang. All the conversations were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim and thematically analysed...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316948/traditional-uses-of-medicinal-plants-practiced-by-the-indigenous-communities-at-mohmand-agency-fata-pakistan
#8
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Adnan, Amir Hasan Khan, Abdelaaty Abdelaziz Shahat, Mansour S Al-Said, Riaz Ullah
BACKGROUND: Plant-derived products have an imperative biological role against certain pathogenic organisms and were considered to be a major source of modern drugs. Rural people residing in developing countries are relying on traditional herbal medical system due to their strong believe and minimum access to allopathic medicines. Hence, ethnomedicinal knowledge is useful for the maintenance of community's based approaches under this medical system. Present study was carried out in an unexplored remote tribal area of Pakistan to investigate and document the existing ethnomedicinal knowledge on local flora...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316611/european-ethnopharmaceuticals-for-self-medication-in-japan-review-experience-of-vitis-vinifera-l-folium-extract-and-vitex-agnus-castus-l-fructus-extract-as-otc-drugs
#9
REVIEW
Tatsuro Hoshino, Nanami Muto, Shinsuke Tsukada, Takatoshi Nakamura, Hikoichiro Maegawa
Since the publication of "Application Guideline for Western Traditional Herbal Medicines as OTC Drugs" in 2007, only two European ethnopharmaceuticals, Vitis vinifera L., folium extract (Antistax) and Vitex agnus-castus L., fructus extract (Prefemin), have been approved as OTC drugs in Japan. In this review, we describe the current regulation of Western ethnopharmaceuticals in Japan, summarize our regulatory experiences and discuss the scientific and regulatory issues involved.
January 6, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302196/when-good-times-go-bad-managing-legal-high-complications-in-the-emergency-department
#10
REVIEW
Charles R Caffrey, Patrick M Lank
Patients can use numerous drugs that exist outside of existing regulatory statutes in order to get "legal highs." Legal psychoactive substances represent a challenge to the emergency medicine physician due to the sheer number of available agents, their multiple toxidromes and presentations, their escaping traditional methods of analysis, and the reluctance of patients to divulge their use of these agents. This paper endeavors to cover a wide variety of "legal highs," or uncontrolled psychoactive substances that may have abuse potential and may result in serious toxicity...
2018: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299431/a-review-on-botanicals-with-wound-healing-activity-for-pemphigus-vulgaris-perspective-of-traditional-persian-medicine-and-conventional-medicine
#11
REVIEW
Fatemeh Atarzadeh, Amir Mohammad Jaladat, Babak Daneshfard, Ladan Dastgheib, Mohammad Kamalinejad, Gholamreza Amin
Objective: As a rare autoimmune disease, pemphigus vulgaris has a poor prognosis especially in lack of proper medical support. This blistering disease involves both the skin and mucus membranes. The challenge is improving the healing process of skin lesions of which, superimposed infections are among the main causes of the disease mortality. Accordingly, we aimed to assess the treatment options suggested by traditional Persian medicine (TPM) and compare them with current findings. Materials and Methods: We studied the main clinical and pharmaceutical textbooks of TPM (Kitāb al-hāwīfī al-tibb, the Canon of Medicine, Eksir-e-Aazam, Tuhfat al-mu'minīn, Makhzan al-adviyah (focusing on the skin chapter and respective herbal remedies for the inflamed skin and ulcers...
November 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284761/refugees-in-conflict-creating-a-bridge-between-traditional-and-conventional-health-belief-models
#12
Eran Ben-Arye, Massimo Bonucci, Michel Daher, Rejin Kebudi, Bashar Saad, Thomas Breitkreuz, Maryam Rassouli, Elio Rossi, Nahla Gafer, Omar Nimri, Mohamed Hablas, Gunver Sophia Kienle, Noah Samuels, Michael Silbermann
The recent wave of migration from Middle Eastern countries to Europe presents significant challenges to the European health profession. These include the inevitable communication gap created by differences in health care beliefs between European oncologists, health care practitioners, and refugee patients. This article presents the conclusions of a workshop attended by a group of clinicians and researchers affiliated with the Middle East Cancer Consortium, as well as four European-based health-related organizations...
December 28, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284520/chinese-herbal-medicine-tangbi-formula-treatment-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetic-distal-symmetric-polyneuropathy-disease-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
De Jin, Wen-Jing Huang, Xiang Meng, Fan Yang, Yu-Jiao Zheng, Qi Bao, Mei-Zhen Zhang, Ya-Nan Yang, Qing Ni, Feng-Mei Lian, Xiao-Lin Tong
BACKGROUND: Diabetic distal symmetric polyneuropathy (DSPN) is one of the most common microvascular complications of diabetes mellitus, and it has become a major public health problem worldwide because of its high and increasing prevalence, morbidity, and disability rate. The current medications for DSPN are not entirely satisfactory. Preliminary studies indicated that the Chinese herbal TangBi Formula may alleviate signs and symptoms and improve the velocity of nerve conduction in patients with DSPN...
December 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238385/experiences-providing-medical-assistance-during-the-sewol-ferry-disaster-using-traditional-korean-medicine
#14
Kyeong Han Kim, Soobin Jang, Ju Ah Lee, Bo-Hyoung Jang, Ho-Yeon Go, Sunju Park, Hee-Guen Jo, Myeong Soo Lee, Seong-Gyu Ko
Background: This study aimed to investigate medical records using traditional Korean medicine (TKM) in Sewol Ferry disaster in 2014 and further explore the possible role of traditional medicine in disaster situation. Methods: After Sewol Ferry accident, 3 on-site tents for TKM assistance by the Association of Korean Medicine (AKOM) in Jindo area were installed. The AKOM mobilized volunteer TKM doctors and assistants and dispatched each on-site tent in three shifts within 24 hours...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235302/-status-problems-and-warranty-strategy-of-quality-uniformity-for-traditional-chinese-medicine-preparations
#15
Li-Hua Zeng, Zhen-Feng Wu, Fang Wang, Xue-Cheng Wang, Ya-Qi Wang, Peng-Fei Yue, Na Wan, Huan-Yu Lin, Ming Yang
The quality uniformity of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) preparation is the base for guaranteeing the safety and effectiveness of clinical medication. At present, the quality of TCM preparation is uneven. At present, the same TCM preparation in different manufacturers, TCM preparations in the same manufacturer, and even different batches of a same TCM preparation in the same manufacturer have great differences in quality, which can not reach stability and uniformity. This paper would discuss the possible factors that influence the uniformity of quality in the whole process of pharmacy by means of consulting relevant literature on quality control of Chinese herbal preparations and analyzing the present situation and problems of the quality of TCM preparation...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234404/modernization-trends-of-infertility-treatment-of-traditional-korean-medicine
#16
REVIEW
Jang-Kyung Park, Dong-Il Kim
Despite the development of assisted reproductive technology (ART), it is difficult to increase the implantation rate. In Korea, Traditional Korean Medicine, including herbal medicine, is an important component of infertility treatment. Korean medical doctors who are treating infertility often use herbal medicine to promote implantation. In this article, as one of the research works on modernization of Traditional Korean Medicine, we investigated the experimental studies to clarify the effects of herbal medicines that are traditionally used to promote pregnancy...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234394/predictors-of-traditional-medical-practices-in-illness-behavior-in-northwestern-ethiopia-an-integrated-model-of-behavioral-prediction-based-logistic-regression-analysis
#17
Abenezer Yared
This study aimed at investigating traditional medical beliefs and practices in illness behavior as well as predictors of the practices in Gondar city, northwestern Ethiopia, by using the integrated model of behavioral prediction. A cross-sectional quantitative survey was conducted to collect data through interviewer administered structured questionnaires from 496 individuals selected by probability proportional to size sampling technique. Unadjusted bivariate and adjusted multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed, and the results indicated that sociocultural predictors of normative response and attitude as well as psychosocial individual difference variables of traditional understanding of illness causation and perceived efficacy had statistically significant associations with traditional medical practices...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217495/efficacy-of-violet-oil-a-traditional-iranian-formula-in-patients-with-chronic-insomnia-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#18
Zohre Feyzabadi, Fariborz Rezaeitalab, Shapour Badiee, Ali Taghipour, Fatemeh Moharari, Atefeh Soltanifar, Mohammad Reza Ahmadpour
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Violet oil is an ancient herbal drug which has been extensively used to treat insomnia in traditional Iranian Medicine clinics. Violet oil is an almond or sesame oil-based extract of Viola odorata, which is administered as nasal drops. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Violet oil in the treatment of insomnia. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study was conducted as a 3-arm double-blind randomized trial. A total of 75 patients with chronic insomnia were enrolled and randomly assigned to three groups in Traditional Iranian Medicine Clinic of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217158/evidence-based-traditional-anti-diarrheal-medicinal-plants-and-their-phytocompounds
#19
REVIEW
Pooja Rawat, Pawan Kumar Singh, Vipin Kumar
Traditional medicines are an integral component of alternative health care systems used by millions of the people worldwide. Traditionally used herbals are multi-constituent medications, safety and efficacy of which is based on experiences of the practitioners, whereas modern drugs are single molecules, rigorously tested, structurally optimized and toxicologically cleared. Plants are being recognized as potential source of drug discovery and more than 80% of modern drugs are derived directly from natural sources (plants, microbes, cells etc...
December 4, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209213/traditional-and-current-food-use-of-wild-plants-listed-in-the-russian-pharmacopoeia
#20
REVIEW
Alexander N Shikov, Andrey N Tsitsilin, Olga N Pozharitskaya, Valery G Makarov, Michael Heinrich
Historically Russia can be regarded as a "herbophilious" society. For centuries the multinational population of Russia has used plants in daily diet and for self-medication. The specificity of dietary uptake of medicinal plants (especially those in the unique and highly developed Russian herbal medical tradition) has remained mostly unknown in other regions. Based on 11th edition of the State Pharmacopoeia of the USSR, we selected 70 wild plant species which have been used in food by local Russian populations...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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