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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648988/comparing-the-mental-health-literacy-of-chinese-people-in-australia-china-hong-kong-and-taiwan-implications-for-mental-health-promotion
#1
Daniel Fu Keung Wong, Chi-Wei Cheng, Xiao Yu Zhuang, Ting Kin Ng, Shu-Man Pan, Xuesong He, Ada Poon
Using data of 200, 522, 572, and 287 Chinese from Australia, China, Hong Kong and Taiwan respectively, this study aimed at comparing the mental health literacy of Chinese people from different communities, and between Chinese communities and the Australian general public. The participants were asked questions that assessed their recognition of depression and schizophrenia. Compared with the Australians, much lower percentages of Chinese in the four Chinese communities could correctly identify depression and early schizophrenia...
June 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637994/anti-diabetic-activities-of-traditional-chinese-herbal-medicine-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#2
Tomoko Nozaki, Jun Minaguchi, Kazushige Takehana, Hiromi Ueda
Zhen Qi Hypoglycemic Capsules (ZQHC) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine containing medical activities by ougi (Astragalus membranaceus) and ousei (Polygonatum rhizome). Although ZQHC has been traditionally utilized as an anti-diabetic medicine in China, there is no evidence. Therefore, this study investigated the beneficial effects of ZQHC against diabetes using streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats by biochemical and morphological methods. Eight-week old male Fisher strain rats were intraperitoneally injected with STZ (50 mg/kg of B...
2017: Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634545/herbal-and-alternative-medicine-use-in-tanzanian-adults-admitted-with-hypertension-related-diseases-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Anthony Liwa, Rebecca Roediger, Hyasinta Jaka, Amina Bougaila, Luke Smart, Stacey Langwick, Robert Peck
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is increasingly common in sub-Saharan Africa where traditional medicine use is also common. We conducted a hospital-based, mixed-methods study to determine prevalence, pattern, and correlates of herbal and alternative medicine use in Tanzanian adults hospitalized with hypertension. METHODS: A standardized questionnaire was administered. In-depth interviews were performed on a subset of participants. Factors associated with herbal medicine use were determined by logistic regression...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633984/herbal-medicinal-products-in-pregnancy-which-data-are-available
#4
REVIEW
Jacqueline Wiesner, Werner Knöss
This review aims to highlight recent approaches concerning usage of (traditional) herbal medicinal products in pregnancy and to discuss appropriate strategies to handle limited information. Therefore, published monographs of the Committee on Herbal Medicinal products (HMPC) and selected publicly funded webpages, medicinal handbooks, publications and industry and health care organisations webpages were evaluated. While within the monographs of the HMPC a rather conservative approach could be found (mainly because of lacking nonclinical and/or clinical studies), all other sources display a wide variety of information or assessments, thereby often giving contradictory recommendations...
June 17, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630774/lead-poisoning-can-be-easily-misdiagnosed-as-acute-porphyria-and-nonspecific-abdominal-pain
#5
Ming-Ta Tsai, Shi-Yu Huang, Shih-Yu Cheng
Lead poisoning (LP) is less commonly encountered in emergency departments (ED). However, lead exposure still occurs, and new sources of poisoning have emerged. LP often goes unrecognized due to a low index of suspicion and nonspecific symptoms. We present a case of a 48-year-old man who had recurring abdominal pain with anemia that was misdiagnosed. His condition was initially diagnosed as nonspecific abdominal pain and acute porphyria. Acute porphyria-like symptoms with a positive urine porphyrin test result led to the misdiagnosis; testing for heme precursors in urine is the key to the differential diagnosis between LP and acute porphyria...
2017: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619773/herbal-medicine-hyeolbuchukeo-tang-or-xuefu-zhuyu-decoction-for-treating-primary-dysmenorrhoea-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#6
Junyoung Jo, Jungtae Leem, Jin Moo Lee, Kyoung Sun Park
INTRODUCTION: Primary dysmenorrhoea is menstrual pain without pelvic pathology and is the most common gynaecological condition in women. Xuefu Zhuyudecoction (XZD) or Hyeolbuchukeo-tang, a traditional herbal formula, has been used as a treatment for primary dysmenorrhoea. The purpose of this study is to assess the current published evidence regarding XZD as treatment for primary dysmenorrhoea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The following databases will be searched from their inception until April 2017: MEDLINE (via PubMed), Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED), EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, six Korean medical databases (Korean Studies Information Service System, DBPia, Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System, Research Information Service System, Korea Med and the Korean Traditional Knowledge Portal), three Chinese medical databases (China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wan Fang Database and Chinese Scientific Journals Database (VIP)) and one Japanese medical database (CiNii)...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609451/anti-cancer-agents-in-saudi-arabian-herbals-revealed-by-automated-high-content-imaging
#7
Dina Hajjar, Stephan Kremb, Salim Sioud, Abdul-Hamid Emwas, Christian R Voolstra, Timothy Ravasi
Natural products have been used for medical applications since ancient times. Commonly, natural products are structurally complex chemical compounds that efficiently interact with their biological targets, making them useful drug candidates in cancer therapy. Here, we used cell-based phenotypic profiling and image-based high-content screening to study the mode of action and potential cellular targets of plants historically used in Saudi Arabia's traditional medicine. We compared the cytological profiles of fractions taken from Juniperus phoenicea (Arar), Anastatica hierochuntica (Kaff Maryam), and Citrullus colocynthis (Hanzal) with a set of reference compounds with established modes of action...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609129/efficacy-and-safety-of-guizhi-shaoyao-zhimu-decoction-for-treating-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#8
James W Daily, Ting Zhang, Shihua Cao, Sunmin Park
OBJECTIVES: GuiZhi-ShaoYao-ZhiMu decoction (GSZD), a traditional Chinese herbal medication for the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), has a long history of use and modern scientific research support for efficacy, but the studies have not been systematically evaluated. Therefore, this study systematically reviewed the efficacy of GSZD using the available human clinical trials and conducted a meta-analysis. METHODS: The available databases were searched using proper languages of English, Korean, and Chinese...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604055/deciphering-the-mechanism-of-action-of-wrightia-tinctoria-for-psoriasis-based-on-systems-pharmacology-approach
#9
Sudharsana Sundarrajan, Sajitha Lulu, Mohanapriya Arumugam
OBJECTIVE: Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated disorder of the skin. The disease manifests itself with red or silvery scaly plaques distributing over the lower back, scalp, and extensor aspects of limbs. Several medications are available for the treatment of psoriasis; however, high rates of remission and side-effects still persist as a major concern. Siddha, one of the traditional systems of Indian medicine offers cure to many dermatological conditions, including psoriasis. The oil prepared from the leaves of Wrightia tinctoria is prescribed by many healers for the treatment of psoriasis...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595610/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-danggui-sayuk-ga-osuyu-saenggang-tang-on-korean-patients-with-cold-hypersensitivity-in-the-hands-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-parallel-group-clinical-trial
#10
Youme Ko, Ho-Yeon Go, Yoon-Young Cho, Ji-Hye Shin, Tae-Hoon Kim, Dong-Jun Choi, Jin-Moo Lee, Jun-Bok Jang, Yun-Kyung Song, Seong-Gyu Ko, Seung-Ho Sun, Chan-Yong Jeon
BACKGROUND: In recent years, cold hypersensitivity in the hands (CHH) has become a common ailment of women in Korea. It can lead to gynecological problems such as irregular menstruation, miscarriage, and infertility. Traditionally, Korean herbal medicine has been the primary treatment method used to balance thermoregulation in the human body; however, its effectiveness has not been confirmed through systematic study. Thus, in this trial, we will investigate the feasibility of a full randomized clinical trial, Danggui-Sayuk-Ga-Osuyu-Saenggang-tang (DSGOST) in Korean women with CHH...
June 8, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591818/yokukansan-for-the-treatment-of-preoperative-anxiety-and-postoperative-delirium-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-a-retrospective-study
#11
Saho Wada, Hironobu Inoguchi, Takatoshi Hirayama, Yutaka J Matsuoka, Yosuke Uchitomi, Hiroki Ochiai, Shunsuke Tsukamoto, Dai Shida, Yukihide Kanemitsu, Ken Shimizu
Background: Yokukansan (YKS), a Japanese traditional herbal medicine for neurosis and insomnia, is speculated to be useful for perioperative psychiatric symptoms in cancer patients, but there exists little empirical evidence. This study provides preliminary data about the efficacy, feasibility, and side effects of YKS for the treatment of preoperative anxiety and postoperative delirium in cancer patients. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of colorectal cancer patients who took YKS for preoperative anxiety, evaluating the following: (1) patient characteristics, (2) feasibility of taking YKS, (3) changes in preoperative anxiety based on the Clinical Global Impression (CGI) scale and Edmonton Symptom Assessment System-revised (ESAS-r-anxiety), (4) incidence of postoperative delirium and (5) YKS-related side effects...
June 7, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588727/synergistic-cytotoxic-effects-of-a-combined-treatment-of-a-pinellia-pedatisecta-lipid-soluble-extract-and-cisplatin-on-human-cervical-carcinoma-in-vivo
#12
Mingxing Zhang, Yi Yu, Hongwei Zhang, Haixia Huang, Qingqing Cai, Yu Kang, Guiling Li, Congjian Xu
Herbal medicines are known to have numerous benefits, including lower toxicity and fewer side effects than traditional chemotherapeutic drugs. In traditional Chinese medicine, the rhizome of Pinellia pedatisecta (PE) Schott has long been used to treat cancer, undiagnosed swelling and erythema toxicum. However, its medical benefits lack support from scientific evidence. A novel lipid-soluble extract from PE has been previously verified to enhance the cytotoxicity of cis-dichlorodiammineplatinum-II (CDDP) against human cervical cancer cells in vitro...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578324/eppikajutsuto-protects-against-food-allergy-induced-by-ovalbumin-in-a-murine-model
#13
Teruaki Matsui, Hirotaka Yamashita, Mikito Mori, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Naoki Inagaki
BACKGROUND: Currently, there are no efficient medications available for the prevention and treatment of food allergy (FA). Herbal medicines, including traditional Japanese Kampo medicines (TJKMs), are promising therapeutic drugs. METHODS: We screened 18 TJKMs for treatment of FA symptoms in a mouse FA model induced by ovalbumin (OVA). BALB/c mice were sensitized intraperitoneally by an OVA/aluminum hydroxide gel mixture followed by 4 booster doses of oral OVA and FA symptom induction by 50 mg of OVA...
June 3, 2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566905/the-effect-of-rhus-verniciflua-stokes-extracts-on-photo-aged-mouse-skin
#14
Hannah Hong, Minyoung Jung, Sung Jay Choe, Jung-Bae Kim, Eung Ho Choi
BACKGROUND: Rhus verniciflua Stokes (RV) has traditionally been used in Korea as an indigenous food (Rhus chicken soup) and as an herbal medicinal plant. While the anticancer, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties of RV have been actively studied in the medical field, its antioxidant effects in the skin that resist the reactive oxygen species in keratinocytes and fibroblasts is less understood. OBJECTIVE: We designed to evaluate the effects of R. verniciflua Stokes extract (RVE) on the photo-aged skin by an in vitro experiment using human fibroblasts and an in vivo experiment using a photo-aged murine model...
June 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545183/therapeutic-potential-of-novel-nano-based-curcumin-compounds-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#15
Homa Mollaei, Esmaeil Babaei
Despite recent advances in cancer medication, malignant tumors continue to be the second leading cause of death worldwide. Furthermore, introducing a therapeutic compound with low-side effects as well as low-price for consumers is controversial. Recent efforts have been focusing on traditional medicines as a rich source of herbal agents. Curcumin, the major turmeric phytochemical, has been widely assessed as an anti-cancer compound in vitro and in vivo. However, the use of curcumin in cancer treatment has limitations because of its low solubility, poor tissue absorption, rapid metabolism and rapid systemic elimination...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540223/asian-herbals-and-aphrodisiacs-used-for-managing-ed
#16
REVIEW
Peter H C Lim
In the East, many herbal tonics and preparations are used to assist the aging male improve his sexual drive or ability to perform penetrative sex by increasing sexual stimulation, erectile, ejaculatory, orgasmic and other responses for sexual function and satisfaction. The herbs and tonics act as or as "pick-me-ups" and energizing tonics which help the tired and fatigued male and those with sexual asthenia. The myths and realities concerning Tongkat Ali, sea horse, cobra meat and blood, animal penises and testicles amongst many other herbs and portions for oral intake or local application used by traditional "medical" practitioners and village doctors will be discussed...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521703/recent-advances-in-antiepileptic-herbal-medicine
#17
Stephen M Manchishi
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders worldwide, with about 80 percent of cases thought to be in developing nations where it is mostly linked to superstition. Most cases of epilepsy are idiopathic, though brain injury, brain tumor, severe systemic infection and genetic mutations have been implicated in some cases. Anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) currently in existence are not sufficient to contain the disorder. This is not only because of their limited availability and cost, but also their adverse side effects...
May 18, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501427/ethnopharmacological-approach-to-the-herbal-medicines-of-the-elements-alpha-to-delta-in-nikolaos-myrepsos-dynameron-part-ii
#18
E Valiakos, M Marselos, N Sakellaridis, Th Constantinidis, H Skaltsa
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Dynameron is a Byzantine medical compendium, divided into 24 sections, the "Elements", containing 2667 recipes, most of which inherited by previous physicians of the classic ancient Greek and Hellenistic, and imperial Roman periods. AIM OF THE STUDY: In continuation to our previous study concerning the first and largest chapter of the "Element Alpha" of Nikolaos Myrepsos׳ Dynameron (Valiakos et al., 2015), this paper focuses on the plants quoted in the recipes of the eight following chapters entitled "About Salts", "About Honeypacks" and "About Spreads", all belonging to the same "Element Alpha"; "About Antitussives" and "About Suppositories" belonging to the "Element Beta"; "About women's Cathartics" belonging to the "Element Gamma"; "About Drossaton" and "About Diachrisma", both belonging to the "Element Delta"...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499829/characteristics-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-usage-in-children-with-precocious-puberty-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#19
Yi-Chun Lin, Tung-Ti Chang, Husan-Ju Chen, Chung-Hsing Wang, Mao-Feng Sun, Hung-Rong Yen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Precocious puberty (PP) occurs in children with the early onset of pubertal development leading to physical and psychological problems. Current medical treatment is expensive and has its side effects. However, little is known about the utilization of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) among patients with PP. To characterize the application of TCM among these patients, we conducted a nationwide population-based study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), to perform a nationwide population-based study...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491247/the-antibacterial-activity-of-methanolic-anacyclus-pyrethrum-and-pistacia-lentiscus-l-extract-on-escherichia-coli
#20
Noushin Jalayer-Naderi, Mohammad Niakan, Elham Khodadadi, Maryam Mohamadi-Motlagh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Antibiotic therapy is the main choice in treatment of Escherichia coli induced infections. Using herbal medication is an alternative choice in treatment of diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the antibacterial activity of two traditionally used herbs in Iranian medicine, Anacyclus pyrethrum and Pistacia lentiscus L., on Escherichia coli. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The antibacterial effect of methanolic extract of Anacyclus pyrethrum and Pistacia lentiscus L...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
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