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traditional herbal medications

Seyed Hamdollah Mosavat, Maral Marzban, Mohsen Bahrami, Mohammad Mahdi Parvizi, Mahdie Hajimonfarednejad
One of the best remaining manuscripts is the "Canon of Medicine" fathered by Avicenna in the Islamic Golden Age [ninth to twelfth century AD]. Considering Avicenna's role in the development of medical science in the Islamic Golden Age, we reviewed Avicenna's point of view on sexual headache based on his famous book "Canon of Medicine". This historical review discusses the clinical approaches applied to diagnose, classify, and treat sexual headache-specifically herbal therapy-from the viewpoint of Avicenna and Traditional Persian Medicine...
October 21, 2016: Neurological Sciences
Biniam Paulos, Teferi Gedif Fenta, Daniel Bisrat, Kaleab Asres
BACKGROUND: Health seeking behavior of people around the globe is affected by different socio-cultural and economic factors. In Ethiopia, people living in rural areas in particular, are noted for their use of medicinal plants as a major component of their health care option. This study was conducted to document ethnopharmacological information of the Hamer semi-pastoralists ethnic group in southwestern Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out whereby information on demographic characteristics, prevalence of perceived illnesses, factors associated with preference of health care seeking options, medicinal plants used and hoarded as well as some healers' socio-economic characteristics were collected using two sets of semi-structured questionnaires - one for household (HH) heads and the other for traditional healers supplemented by focus group discussions (FGDs)...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Syal Kumar, Gustav J Dobos, Thomas Rampp
Traditional Indian medicine (ayurveda) is becoming increasingly popular, with many chronic conditions responding to it well. Most patients begin to take conventional medications as soon as their diagnoses are made, so ayurvedic treatments are usually undergone alongside and/or after conventional medical approaches. A detailed knowledge of the action of food, spices, and medicinal plants is needed in order to understand their potential influence fully. While societal use of ayurvedic plants and Indian spices is commonplace, without ill effect, the use of more concentrated products made from single plants, often in the form of teas or tablets, is of more concern...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
B Anu Monisha, Niraj Kumar, Ashu Bhan Tiku
Diseases, such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, respiratory diseases, and diabetes, are by far the leading cause of mortality in the world, representing 60 % of all deaths. Although substantial medical advances have been made and many therapeutic approaches proposed yet traditional medicine and medicinal plants find an important place in therapy. They have been providing invaluable solutions to the various health problems. Emodin (1,3,8-trihydroxy-6-methylanthraquinone) is a natural anthraquinone derivative found in various Chinese medicinal herbs...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Liling Zeng, Jianwen Guo, Jing Wang, Qixin Zhang, Haijun Li, Rongming Lin
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH) is one of the most devastating forms of stroke. Currently, no specific therapies for HICH except general medical care. However, in China, medicine of promoting blood circulation (PBC) and removing blood stasis (RBS) are widely and efficiently used to treat HICH and become a potentially effective treatment for the secondary effects of HICH to alleviate brain injury, accelerate neuronal recovery, and improve the prognosis. In order to evaluate the safety and effect of PBC and RBS herbal drugs, we design a prospective, randomized, open, double-blind controlled clinical trial on the hematoma enlargement in HICH patients treating with PBC and RBS herbal medicine within 6 h time window from the symptom onset...
2016: SpringerPlus
Megan J Schlichte, Abbey Vandersall, Rajani Katta
In the context of increasing popularity of "natural" alternatives to conventional medicine, several dietary supplements have gained the attention of researchers and consumers alike in the treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD). Readily available without a prescription and frequently perceived to have fewer side effects than traditional medications, these "natural" remedies may be featured in discussions with patients, and clinicians should therefore be familiar with their efficacy and safety. Based on trials to date, no dietary supplements can be recommended for routine use in the treatment of AD...
July 2016: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
Reyhaneh Sabourian, Elahe Karimpour-Razkenari, Mina Saeedi, Maryam S Bagheri, Mahnaz Khanavi, Narges Sadati, Tahmineh Akbarzadeh, Mohammad R S Ardekani
BACKGROUND: In recent years, rapid population growth and unsafe abortions have emerged as controversial health issues in some countries. Hence, safe and effective contraceptive methods or agents have attracted a great deal of attention and the corresponding market has been widely expanded. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we present a review profiting from Iranian Traditional Medicine (ITM) to introduce expedient plants as efficient contraceptive agents. METHODS: Medicinal plants suggested as contraceptive agents were obtained from ITM text books and they were also investigated using search engines to confirm their in vitro and in vivo efficacy...
2016: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Xuelan Gu, Nan Huang, Jie Gu, Manoj Kumar Joshi, Hongqiang Wang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: With the mounting pandemic of glucose metabolism dysregulation and type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), traditional medicine such as traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) recipes has been widely adopted as a part of therapeutic approach, especially in Asian countries. AIM OF THE STUDY: A novel approach, which is adopted from cohort studies from epidemiology has been applied to explore the clinical efficacy, as well as the herbal component selection of a variety of TCM formulations against T2DM...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Shan-Shan Wei, He-Jin Yang, Jia-Wen Huang, Xue-Ping Lu, Ling-Fang Peng, Qing-Guo Wang
Sini Powder (SP), a traditional Chinese herbal formula, has long been used to treat depression in patients, although the underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. In the present study, we found that rats treated with SP extract for 7 days showed a significant increase in swimming time and reduction in immobility time in forced swimming test in a dose-dependent manner, without changes in locomotion. These effects could be attributed to SP's modulation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis, because a single pretreatment of SP extract could rescue increased serum corticosterone and plasma adrenocorticotropin levels induced by acute elevated platform stress...
August 2016: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
Reyhaneh Sabourian, Elahe Karimpour-Razkenari, Mina Saeedi, Maryam Seyed Bagheria, Mahnaz Khanavi, Narges Sadati, Tahmineh Akbarzadeh, Mohammad Reza Shams Ardekani
Background In recent years, rapid population growth and unsafe abortions have emerged as controversial health issues in some countries. Hence, safe and effective contraceptive methods or agents have attracted a great deal of attention and the corresponding market has been widely expanded. Objective In this study, we present a review profiting from Iranian Traditional Medicine (ITM) to introduce expedient plants as efficient contraceptive agents. Methods Medicinal plants suggested as contraceptive agents were obtained from ITM text books and they were also investigated using search engines to confirm their in vitro and in vivo efficacy...
August 8, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
J Sharifi-Rad, F Fallah, W N Setzer, R Entezari Heravi, M Sharifi-Rad
Antimicrobial herbal compounds are one of the important medical resources, and in order to help alleviate the spread of the pediatric infectious diseases, identification of additional bioactive phytochemicals and herbal extracts will be practical in treating illnesses. In the present work, antimicrobial activities various extracts of Tordylium persicum Boiss. & Hausskn aerial parts were determined against five Gram-positive bacteria, five Gram-negative bacteria, two fungi, and Echinococcus granulosus. Antimicrobial activities were assayed using both disk diffusion and microbroth dilution methods...
2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Hiromi Soraoka, Kentaro Oniki, Kazuki Matsuda, Tatsumasa Ono, Kosuke Taharazako, Yoshihiro Uchiyashiki, Ryoko Kamihashi, Ayana Kita, Ayaka Takashima, Kazuko Nakagawa, Norio Yasui-Furukori, Daisuke Kadowaki, Keishi Miyata, Junji Saruwatari
The concomitant use of herb and prescription medications is increasing globally. Herb-drug interactions are therefore a clinically important problem. Yokukansan (YKS), a Japanese traditional herbal medicine, is one of the most frequently used herbal medicines. It is effective for treating the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. We investigated the potential effects of YKS on drug-metabolizing enzyme activities in humans. An open-label repeat-dose study was conducted in 26 healthy Japanese male volunteers (age: 22...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Kezia Batisai
UNLABELLED: This article frames the intersections of medicine and humanities as intrinsic to understanding the practice of health care in Africa. Central to this manuscript, which draws on empirical findings on the interplay between HIV and AIDS and alternative medicine in Zimbabwe is the realisation that very limited research has been undertaken to examine 'HIV/AIDS patient behaviour' with respect to choice of therapy on the continent [Bene, M. & Darkoh, M. B. K. (2014). The Constraints of Antiretroviral Uptake in Rural Areas: The Case of Thamaga and Surrounding Villages, Botswana...
December 2016: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
Katrin M Hoffmann, Robin Herbrechter, Paul M Ziemba, Peter Lepke, Leopoldo Beltrán, Hanns Hatt, Markus Werner, Günter Gisselmann
Kampo medicine is a form of Japanese phytotherapy originating from traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). During the last several decades, much attention has been paid to the pharmacological effects of these medical plants and their constituents. However, in many cases, a systematic screening of Kampo remedies to determine pharmacologically relevant targets is still lacking. In this study, a broad screening of Kampo remedies was performed to look for pharmacologically relevant 5-HT3A and GABAA receptor ligands...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Negin Mozafari, Parmis Badr
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a complex disorder of carbohydrate metabolism. According to past studies, the word ziabites in Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) correlate with diabetes. The aim of this study was to identify the definition, therapeutics, and mechanism of diabetes from the resources of ITM in order to provide new recommendations for the treatment of diabetes. METHODS: We searched therapeutic ITM books such as Exir-e-Aazam, Tibib-e-Akbari, as well as material medical ITM books such as Makhzan-ol-Advieh and Tohfat-ol-momenin to find topics on ziabites...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Akramosadat Atyabi, Laila Shirbeigi, Fateme Eghbalian
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin, nails, and joints disease related to the immune system by periods of exacerbations and remissions. It is characterized by thick end, erythematous, and scaling lesions, which affects about 2 to 4 percent of the general population. The disease occurs equally in both sexes and the most common form of the disease is psoriasis vulgaris. The etiology is unknown but genetic and environmental factors, immune system disorders, and gastrointestinal dysfunction appear to be responsible...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Massih Sedigh-Rahimabadi, Mesbah Shams, Mohammadmehdi Fani, Mahsa Rostami Chijan
BACKGROUND: Gingivitis is among the top general health problems in the world, especially in developing countries. Meanwhile, it may be associated with pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases. In a qualitative study, we tried to identify the corresponding terminology to gingivitis in traditional Persian medicine (TPM) and to explain its potential mechanisms, treatments, and prevention characteristics. METHODS: In a literature review, 4 modern textbooks and 18 related articles, 2 traditional medical dictionaries and 12 traditional medical and 4 traditional pharmaceutical texts were assessed by a specific method...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Rahil Ghanavati, Foroogh Namjoyan, Hosein Rezaee Zadeh
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of central nervous system (CNS) and is the most common cause of neurologic disability in young adults (20-40 years old). About 2.5 million patients all over the world are suffering from MS. Common symptoms of the disease include sensory disorders, optic neuritis, and limb weakness. Following disease progression, other symptoms like fatigue, bladder disorders, and cognitive impairment also occur. Traditional Persian medicine (TPM) is an ancient medical system from 6000 years ago in Persia, where Iran was its most important state...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Vindya Lankika Udalamaththa, Chanika Dilumi Jayasinghe, Preethi Vidya Udagama
Stem cell therapy has revolutionized modern clinical therapy with the potential of stem cells to differentiate into many different cell types which may help to replace different cell lines of an organism. Innumerous trials are carried out to merge new scientific knowledge and techniques with traditional herbal extracts that may result in less toxic, affordable, and highly available natural alternative therapeutics. Currently, mesenchyamal stromal cell (MSC) lines are treated with individual and mixtures of crude herbal extracts, as well as with purified compounds from herbal extracts, to investigate the mechanisms and effects of these on stem cell growth and differentiation...
2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Shahida A Khan, Ghazi Damanhouri, Ashraf Ali, Sarah A Khan, Aziz Khan, Ahmed Bakillah, Samy Marouf, Ghazi Al Harbi, Saeed H Halawani, Ahmad Makki
Nutritional research in sickle cell disease has been the focus in recent times owing to not only specific nutritional deficiencies, but also the improvements associated with less painful episodes. Though hydroxyurea remains the drug of choice, certain adverse health effects on long term supplementation makes room for researches of different compounds. Macro and micro nutrient deficiencies, along with vitamins, play an important role in not only meeting the calorific needs, but also reducing clinical complications and growth abnormalities...
2016: Nutrition & Metabolism
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