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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471585/ripply3-is-required-for-the-maintenance-of-epithelial-sheets-in-the-morphogenesis-of-pharyngeal-pouches
#1
Yoshihiro Tsuchiya, Yusuke Mii, Kazunori Okada, Mikio Furuse, Tadashi Okubo, Shinji Takada
During tissue development, the morphogenesis of epithelial sheets is regulated by many factors, including mechanical force, although the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. In the pharyngeal region of the vertebrate embryo, endodermal epithelium is reiteratively folded outward to form pharyngeal pouches, making partitions between the pharyngeal arches. Ripply3, encoding a member of the Ripply family of adaptor proteins, is required for the pouch formation posterior to the 2nd pharyngeal pouch. In this study, we found that the expression of mouse Ripply3 was specifically activated in accordance with the bending of the endodermal epithelium during the pouch formation...
February 22, 2018: Development, Growth & Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471568/the-receptor-interacting-protein-kinases-in-the-liver
#2
Lily Dara
The receptor interacting serine/threonine kinase1 and 3 (RIPK1, RIPK3) are regulators of cell death and survival. RIPK1 kinase activity is required for necroptosis and apoptosis, while its scaffolding function is necessary for survival. Although both proteins can mediate apoptosis, RIPK1 and RIPK3 are most well-known for their role in the execution of necroptosis via the mixed lineage domain like pseudokinase. Necroptosis is a caspase-independent regulated cell death program which was first described in cultured cells with unknown physiologic relevance in the liver...
February 2018: Seminars in Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471503/the-role-of-the-reprogramming-method-and-pluripotency-state-in-gamete-differentiation-from-patient-specific-human-pluripotent-stem-cells
#3
S Mishra, E Kacin, P Stamatiadis, S Franck, M Van der Jeught, H Mertes, G Pennings, P De Sutter, K Sermon, B Heindryckx, M Geens
The derivation of gametes from patient-specific pluripotent stem cells may provide new perspectives for genetic parenthood for patients currently facing sterility. We use current data to assess the gamete differentiation potential of patient-specific pluripotent stem cells and to determine which reprogramming strategy holds the greatest promise for future clinical applications. First, we compare the two best established somatic cell reprogramming strategies: the production of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) and somatic cell nuclear transfer followed by embryonic stem cell derivation (SCNT-ESC)...
February 19, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471449/obesity-associated-advanced-glycation-end-products-within-the-human-uterine-cavity-adversely-impact-endometrial-function-and-embryo-implantation-competence
#4
Gabriella S Antoniotti, Melinda Coughlan, Lois A Salamonsen, Jemma Evans
STUDY QUESTION: Do obese levels of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) within the uterine cavity detrimentally alter tissue function in embryo implantation and placental development? SUMMARY ANSWER: Obese levels of AGEs activate inflammatory signaling (p65 NFκB) within endometrial epithelial cells and alter their function, cause endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in endometrial stromal cells and impair decidualization, compromise implantation of blastocyst mimics and inhibit trophoblast invasion...
February 20, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471395/origin-and-composition-of-cell-free-dna-in-spent-medium-from-human-embryo-culture-during-preimplantation-development
#5
M Vera-Rodriguez, A Diez-Juan, J Jimenez-Almazan, S Martinez, R Navarro, V Peinado, A Mercader, M Meseguer, D Blesa, I Moreno, D Valbuena, C Rubio, C Simon
STUDY QUESTION: What is the origin and composition of cell-free DNA in human embryo spent culture media? SUMMARY ANSWER: Cell-free DNA from human embryo spent culture media represents a mix of maternal and embryonic DNA, and the mixture can be more complex for mosaic embryos. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In 2016, ~300 000 human embryos were chromosomally and/or genetically analyzed using preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidies (PGT-A) or monogenic disorders (PGT-M) before transfer into the uterus...
February 20, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471220/an-investigation-of-konjac-glucomannan-keratin-hydrogel-scaffold-loaded-with-avena-sativa-extracts-for-diabetic-wound-healing
#6
Praveen Krishna Veerasubramanian, Ponrasu Thangavel, Ramya Kannan, Sudip Chakraborty, Balaji Ramachandran, Lonchin Suguna, Vignesh Muthuvijayan
We have developed a novel hydrogel composed of konjac glucomannan (KGM), human hair proteins (KER), and an ethanolic extract of Avena sativa (OAT) and evaluated its potential as a dressing material for diabetic wounds. KGM is an excellent biocompatible gelling agent that stimulates fibroblast proliferation and immunomodulation. Human hair proteins (KER) are biocompatible, biodegradable, and possess abundant cell adhesion sites. KER also promotes fibroblast attachment and proliferation, keratinocyte migration, and collagen expression, which can accelerate wound healing...
February 13, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471108/redox-stress-in-marfan-syndrome-dissecting-the-role-of-the-nadph-oxidase-nox4-in-aortic-aneurysm
#7
Francesc Jiménez-Altayó, Thayna Meirelles, Eva Crosas-Molist, M Alba Sorolla, Darya Gorbenko Del Blanco, Judit López-Luque, Aleksandra Mas-Stachurska, Ana-Maria Siegert, Fabio Bonorino, Laura Barberà, Carolina García, Enric Condom, Marta Sitges, Fernando Rodríguez-Pascual, Francisco Laurindo, Katrin Schröder, Joaquim Ros, Isabel Fabregat, Gustavo Egea
Marfan syndrome (MFS) is characterized by the formation of ascending aortic aneurysms resulting from altered assembly of extracellular matrix fibrillin-containing microfibrils and dysfunction of TGF-β signaling. Here we identify the molecular targets of redox stress in aortic aneurysms from MFS patients, and investigate the role of NOX4, whose expression is strongly induced by TGF-β, in aneurysm formation and progression in a murine model of MFS. Working models included aortae and cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from MFS patients, and a NOX4-deficient Marfan mouse model (Fbn1C1039G/+ -Nox4-/- )...
February 19, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471062/constitutive-stimulatory-g-protein-activity-in-limb-mesenchyme-impairs-bone-growth
#8
Anara Karaca, Vijayram Reddy Malladi, Yan Zu, Olta Tafaj, Elena Paltrinieri, Joy Y Wu, Qing He, Murat Bastepe
GNAS mutations leading to constitutively active stimulatory G protein alpha-subunit (Gsα) cause different tumors, fibrous dysplasia of bone, and McCune-Albright syndrome, which are typically not associated with short stature. Enhanced signaling of the parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related peptide receptor, which couples to multiple G proteins including Gsα, leads to short bones with delayed endochondral ossification. It has remained unknown whether constitutive Gsα activity also impairs bone growth...
February 19, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471051/an-analysis-of-two-open-reading-frames-orf3-and-orf4-of-rat-hepatitis-e-virus-genome-using-its-infectious-cdna-clones-with-mutations-in-orf3-or-orf4
#9
Tanggis, Tominari Kobayashi, Masaharu Takahashi, Suljid Jirintai, Tsutomu Nishizawa, Shigeo Nagashima, Takashi Nishiyama, Satoshi Kunita, Emiko Hayama, Takeshi Tanaka, Mulyanto, Hiroaki Okamoto
Rat hepatitis E virus (ratHEV) genome has four open reading frames (ORFs: ORF1, ORF2, ORF3 and ORF4). The functions of ORF3 and ORF4 are unknown. An infectious cDNA clone (pUC-ratELOMB-131L_wt, wt) and its derivatives including ORF3-defective (ΔORF3) and ORF4-defective (ΔORF4) mutants, were constructed and their full-length RNA transcripts transfected into PLC/PRF/5 cells. ΔORF3 replicated as efficiently as wt in cells. However, ≤1/1,000 of the number of progenies were detectable in the culture supernatant of ΔORF3-infected cells compared with wt-infected cells...
February 19, 2018: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471033/inhibition-of-lymphocyte-proliferation-an-ability-shared-by-murine-mesenchymal-stem-cells-dermal-fibroblasts-and-chondrocytes
#10
Shang Zhang, Haitao Wu, Changlin Liu
It has been demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have potent immunosuppressive capacities. But it is controversial whether differentiated mature stromal cells (SCs) share the immunosuppressive capacities. A previous study examined the ability of SCs from different human tissue sites to inhibit the proliferation of lymphocytes. The results are all positive but the mechanism isn't clear, and few mouse data have been published on this topic. Using an efficient mixed cell culture assay, our in vitro data show that the anti-proliferative ability of murine MSCs on lymphocytes is shared by mature murine SCs, i...
February 19, 2018: Transplant Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471019/hsp90-co-chaperone-p23-contributes-to-dopaminergic-mitochondrial-stress-via-stabilization-of-phd2-implications-for-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Anand Rane, Subramanian Rajagopalan, Manuj Ahuja, Bobby Thomas, Shankar J Chinta, Julie K Andersen
The heat shock factor 90 (hsp90) complex has long been associated with neuropathological phenotypes linked to Parkinson's disease (PD) and its inhibition is neuroprotective in disease models. Hsp90 is conventionally believed to act by suppressing induction of hsp70. Here, we report a novel hsp70-independent mechanism by which Hsp90 may also contribute to PD-associated neuropathology. We previously reported that inhibition of the enzyme prolyl hydroxylase domain 2 (PHD2) in conjunction with increases in hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF1α) results in protection of vulnerable dopaminergic substantia nigra pars compacta (DAergic SNpc) neurons in in vitro and in vivo models of PD...
February 19, 2018: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470983/development-of-a-functional-thyroid-model-based-on-an-organoid-culture-system
#12
Yoshiyuki Saito, Nobuyuki Onishi, Hiroshi Takami, Ryo Seishima, Hiroyoshi Inoue, Yuki Hirata, Kaori Kameyama, Kenji Tsuchihashi, Eiji Sugihara, Shinya Uchino, Koichi Ito, Hirofumi Kawakubo, Hiroya Takeuchi, Yuko Kitagawa, Hideyuki Saya, Osamu Nagano
The low turnover rate of thyroid follicular cells and the lack of a long-term thyroid cell culture system have hampered studies of thyroid carcinogenesis. We have now established a thyroid organoid culture system that supports thyroid cell proliferation in vitro. The established mouse thyroid organoids performed thyroid functions including thyroglobulin synthesis, iodide uptake, and the production and release of thyroid hormone. Furthermore, transplantation of the organoids into recipient mice resulted in the formation of normal thyroid-like tissue capable of iodide uptake and thyroglobulin production in vivo...
February 19, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470980/graphene-coating-on-the-surface-of-cocrmo-alloy-enhances-the-adhesion-and-proliferation-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#13
Qi Zhang, Kewen Li, Jinhong Yan, Zhuo Wang, Qi Wu, Long Bi, Min Yang, Yisheng Han
The objective was to investigate whether a graphene coating could improve the surface bioactivity of a cobalt-chromium-molybdenum-based alloy (CoCrMo). Graphene was produced by chemical vapor deposition and transferred to the surface of the CoCrMo alloy using an improved wet transfer approach. The morphology of the samples was observed, and the adhesion force and stabilization of graphene coating were analyzed by a nanoscratch test and ultrasonication test. In an in vitro studies, the adhesion and proliferation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) cultured on the samples were quantified via an Alamar Blue assay and cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay...
February 19, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470747/solid-stress-facilitates-fibroblasts-activation-to-promote-pancreatic-cancer-cell-migration
#14
Maria Kalli, Panagiotis Papageorgis, Vasiliki Gkretsi, Triantafyllos Stylianopoulos
Pancreatic fibroblasts are continuously gaining ground as an important component of tumor microenvironment that dynamically interact with cancer cells to promote tumor progression. In addition, these tumor-infiltrated fibroblasts can acquire an activated phenotype and produce excessive amounts of extracellular matrix creating a highly dense stroma, a situation known as desmoplasia. Desmoplasia, along with the uncontrolled proliferation of cancer cells, leads to the development of compressive forces within the tumor, generating the so-called solid stress...
February 22, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470509/co-circulation-of-all-the-four-dengue-virus-serotypes-and-detection-of-a-novel-clade-of-denv-4-genotype-i-virus-in-pune-india-during-2016-season
#15
Shubham Shrivastava, Divya Tiraki, Arundhati Diwan, Sanjay K Lalwani, Meera Modak, Akhilesh Chandra Mishra, Vidya A Arankalle
Dengue is the most common mosquito-borne viral infection in tropical and sub-tropical countries. In recent years, India has reported increased incidences of concurrent infection with multiple serotypes of dengue viruses (DENV). In the present study, we have characterized DENV circulating during a single season of 2016 in Pune, India. A total of 64 serum samples from NS1 ELISA positive dengue patients were used for PCR amplification of CprM region of the viral genome and sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis documented circulation of all the four DENV serotypes with predominance of DENV-2 (40...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470490/neutralization-of-cholera-toxin-with-nanoparticle-decoys-for-treatment-of-cholera
#16
Soumita Das, Pavimol Angsantikul, Christine Le, Denny Bao, Yukiko Miyamoto, Weiwei Gao, Liangfang Zhang, Lars Eckmann
Diarrheal diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In many cases, antibiotic therapy is either ineffective or not recommended due to concerns about emergence of resistance. The pathogenesis of several of the most prevalent infections, including cholera and enteroxigenic Escherichia coli, is dominated by enterotoxins produced by lumen-dwelling pathogens before clearance by intestinal defenses. Toxins gain access to the host through critical host receptors, making these receptors attractive targets for alternative antimicrobial strategies that do not rely on conventional antibiotics...
February 22, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470464/generation-of-human-brain-region-specific-organoids-using-a-miniaturized-spinning-bioreactor
#17
Xuyu Qian, Fadi Jacob, Mingxi Max Song, Ha Nam Nguyen, Hongjun Song, Guo-Li Ming
Human brain organoids, 3D self-assembled neural tissues derived from pluripotent stem cells, are important tools for studying human brain development and related disorders. Suspension cultures maintained by spinning bioreactors allow for the growth of large organoids despite the lack of vasculature, but commercially available spinning bioreactors are bulky in size and have low throughput. Here, we describe the procedures for building the miniaturized multiwell spinning bioreactor SpinΩ from 3D-printed parts and commercially available hardware...
March 2018: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470454/mineralization-induction-of-gingival-fibroblasts-and-construction-of-a-sandwich-tissue-engineered-complex-for-repairing-periodontal-defects
#18
Mingxuan Wu, Jie Wang, Yanning Zhang, Huijuan Liu, Fusheng Dong
BACKGROUND The ideal healing technique for periodontal tissue defects would involve the functional regeneration of the alveolar bone, cementum, and periodontal ligament, with new periodontal attachment formation. In this study, gingival fibroblasts were induced and a "sandwich" tissue-engineered complex (a tissue-engineered periodontal membrane between 2 tissue-engineered mineralized membranes) was constructed to repair periodontal defects. We evaluated the effects of gingival fibroblasts used as seed cells on the repair of periodontal defects and periodontal regeneration...
February 22, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470416/carbon-fibre-reinforced-sic-composite-c-sisic-as-an-alternative-material-for-endoprosthesis-fabrication-mechanical-and-in-vitro-biological-properties
#19
Aline Reichert, Michael Seidenstuecker, Rainer Gadow, Hermann O Mayr, Norbert P Suedkamp, Sergio H Latorre, Partick Weichand, Anke Bernstein
Particle-induced periprosthetic osteolysis and subsequent aseptic implant loosening are a major cause of compromising the long-term results of total joint replacements. To date, no implant has been able to mirror radically the tribological factors (friction/lubrication/wear) of in vivo tribological pairings. Carbon-Fibre Reinforced SiC-Composites (C/SiSiC), a material primarily developed for brake technology, has the opportunity to fulfil this requirement. Until now, the material itself has not been used in medicine...
February 22, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470191/characterization-of-postinfusion-phenotypic-differences-in-fresh-versus-cryopreserved-tcr-engineered-adoptive-cell-therapy-products
#20
Theodore S Nowicki, Helena Escuin-Ordinas, Earl Avramis, Bartosz Chmielowski, Thinle Chodon, Beata Berent-Maoz, Xiaoyan Wang, Paula Kaplan-Lefko, Lili Yang, David Baltimore, James S Economou, Antoni Ribas, Begoña Comin-Anduix
Adoptive cell therapy (ACT) consisting of genetically engineered T cells expressing tumor antigen-specific T-cell receptors displays robust initial antitumor activity, followed by loss of T-cell activity/persistence and frequent disease relapse. We characterized baseline and longitudinal T-cell phenotype variations resulting from different manufacturing and administration protocols in patients who received ACT. Patients with melanoma who enrolled in the F5-MART-1 clinical trial (NCT00910650) received infusions of MART-1 T-cell receptors transgenic T cells with MART-1 peptide-pulsed dendritic cell vaccination...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Immunotherapy
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