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Rosetta protein

Yi Zhao, Marcus J C Long, Yiran Wang, Sheng Zhang, Yimon Aye
Posttranslational modifications (PTMs) are the lingua franca of cellular communication. Most PTMs are enzyme-orchestrated. However, the reemergence of electrophilic drugs has ushered mining of unconventional/non-enzyme-catalyzed electrophile-signaling pathways. Despite the latest impetus toward harnessing kinetically and functionally privileged cysteines for electrophilic drug design, identifying these sensors remains challenging. Herein, we designed "G-REX"-a technique that allows controlled release of reactive electrophiles in vivo...
February 28, 2018: ACS Central Science
Jeanine F Amacher, Helen T Hobbs, Aaron C Cantor, Lochan Shah, Marco-Jose Rivero, Sarah A Mulchand, John Kuriyan
Cbl proteins are E3 ubiquitin ligases specialized for the regulation of tyrosine kinases by ubiquitylation. Human Cbl proteins are activated by tyrosine phosphorylation, thus setting up a feedback loop whereby the activation of tyrosine kinases triggers their own degradation. Cbl proteins are targeted to their substrates by a phosphotyrosine-binding SH2 domain. Choanoflagellates, unicellular eukaryotes that are closely related to metazoans, also contain Cbl. The tyrosine kinase complement of choanoflagellates is distinct from that of metazoans, and it is unclear if choanoflagellate Cbl is regulated similarly to metazoan Cbl...
March 2, 2018: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
Yuehui Tian, Shiqiang Gao, Shang Yang, Georg Nagel
It is since many years textbook knowledge that the concentration of the second messenger cGMP is regulated in animal rod and cone cells by type-II rhodopsins via a G protein signaling cascade. Microbial rhodopsins with enzymatic activity for regulation of cGMP concentration were only recently discovered: in 2014 light-activated guanylyl cyclase opsins in fungi and in 2017 a novel rhodopsin phosphodiesterase in the protist Salpingoeca rosetta ( Sr RhoPDE). The light-regulation of Sr RhoPDE however, seemed very weak or absent...
February 26, 2018: Biochemical Journal
Xiaohu Hao, Guijun Zhang, Xiaogen Zhou
Computing conformations which are essential to associate structural and functional information with gene sequences, is challenging due to the high dimensionality and rugged energy surface of the protein conformational space. Consequently, the dimension of the protein conformational space should be reduced to a proper level, and an effective exploring algorithm should be proposed. In this paper, a plug-in method for guiding exploration in conformational feature space with Lipschitz underestimation (LUE) for ab-initio protein structure prediction is proposed...
February 6, 2018: Computational Biology and Chemistry
Clément Viricel, Simon de Givry, Thomas Schiex, Sophie Barbe
Motivation: Accurate and economic methods to predict change in protein binding free energy upon mutation are imperative to accelerate the design of proteins for a wide range of applications. Free energy is defined by enthalpic and entropic contributions. Following the recent progresses of Artificial Intelligence-based algorithms for guaranteed NP-hard energy optimization and partition function computation, it becomes possible to quickly compute minimum energy conformations and to reliably estimate the entropic contribution of side-chains in the change of free energy of large protein interfaces...
February 20, 2018: Bioinformatics
Adarsh Kumar Chiranjivi, Vikash Kumar Dubey
Dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (DLDH) regulates many crucial metabolic pathways as a multi-enzyme complex. Leishmania donovani dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (LdDLDH) has two variants present on two different chromosomes with very less sequence similarities. In the current study, we cloned both the variants in pET28a (+) vector and expressed in Rosetta-gami (DE3) E. coli strain. Expressed proteins were finally purified from pellets using Ni-NTA affinity chromatography. Purified enzymes were biochemically characterized and different kinetic parameters were studied...
February 18, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Jan Ludwiczak, Adam Jarmula, Stanislaw Dunin-Horkawicz
Computational protein design is a set of procedures for computing amino acid sequences that will fold into a specified structure. Rosetta Design, a commonly used software for protein design, allows for the effective identification of sequences compatible with a given backbone structure, while molecular dynamics (MD) simulations can thoroughly sample near-native conformations. We benchmarked a procedure in which Rosetta design is started on MD-derived structural ensembles and showed that such a combined approach generates 20-30% more diverse sequences than currently available methods with only a slight increase in computation time...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Structural Biology
Alexander M Sevy, Swetasudha Panda, James E Crowe, Jens Meiler, Yevgeniy Vorobeychik
Computational protein design has been successful in modeling fixed backbone proteins in a single conformation. However, when modeling large ensembles of flexible proteins, current methods in protein design have been insufficient. Large barriers in the energy landscape are difficult to traverse while redesigning a protein sequence, and as a result current design methods only sample a fraction of available sequence space. We propose a new computational approach that combines traditional structure-based modeling using the Rosetta software suite with machine learning and integer linear programming to overcome limitations in the Rosetta sampling methods...
February 16, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
Chuannan Long, Mengmeng Liu, Xia Chen, Xiaofang Wang, Mingqiang Ai, Jingjing Cui, Bin Zeng
The present study verified whether acyl-coenzyme A (acyl-CoA)-binding protein (ACBP) affected the production of Monascus pigments (MPs) in Monascus ruber CICC41233 (MrACBP). Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the cloned Mracbp gene, which encoded the MrACBP protein, exhibited the closest match (99% confidence level) to the gene from Penicilliopsis zonata . The MrACBP and maltose-binding protein (MBP) were simultaneously expressed in Escherichia coli Rosetta DE3 in the form of a fusion protein. The microscale thermophoresis binding assay revealed that the purified MBP-MrACBP exhibited a higher affinity for myristoyl-CoA (Kd = 88...
February 2018: 3 Biotech
Kyle A Barlow, Shane Ó Conchúir, Samuel Thompson, Pooja Suresh, James Lucas, Markus Heinonen, Tanja Kortemme
Computationally modeling changes in binding free energies upon mutation (interface ΔΔG) allows large-scale prediction and perturbation of protein-protein interactions. Additionally, methods that consider and sample relevant conformational plasticity should be able to achieve higher prediction accuracy over methods that do not. To test this hypothesis, we developed a method within the Rosetta macromolecular modeling suite (flex ddG) that samples conformational diversity using "backrub" to generate an ensemble of models, then applying torsion minimization, side chain repacking and averaging across this ensemble to estimate interface ΔΔG values...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Yue Liu, Zhonggen Zhan, Bing Zhu, Rongquan Zheng, Hongyi Cheng, Zuoming Nie
Antibacterial peptide can be easily degraded by protease and has the lethal effect on the host Escherichia coli. In order to solve these problems and further improve the expression ability of the Escherichia coli system, the antimicrobial peptide Spinosan-C of Paa spinosa was studied. First, the codon of Spinosan-C was optimized according to E. coli codon usage frequency. Then, the 8 multimeric Spinosan-C gene (8×Spinosan-C) was synthesized and cloned into prokaryotic expression vector pET-28a. The fusion antimicrobial peptide 8×Spinosan-C was further highly expressed in Escherichia coli strain Rosetta...
January 25, 2018: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Thomas Evangelidis, Santrupti Nerli, Jiří Nováček, Andrew E Brereton, P Andrew Karplus, Rochelle R Dotas, Vincenzo Venditti, Nikolaos G Sgourakis, Konstantinos Tripsianes
Automated methods for NMR structure determination of proteins are continuously becoming more robust. However, current methods addressing larger, more complex targets rely on analyzing 6-10 complementary spectra, suggesting the need for alternative approaches. Here, we describe 4D-CHAINS/autoNOE-Rosetta, a complete pipeline for NOE-driven structure determination of medium- to larger-sized proteins. The 4D-CHAINS algorithm analyzes two 4D spectra recorded using a single, fully protonated protein sample in an iterative ansatz where common NOEs between different spin systems supplement conventional through-bond connectivities to establish assignments of sidechain and backbone resonances at high levels of completeness and with a minimum error rate...
January 26, 2018: Nature Communications
Wentao Shen, Jie Han, Pu Yan, Jiping Zhen, Lie Zhang, Xiaoying Li, Decai Tuo, Peng Zhou
Plant methionine sulfoxide reductase B1 (MsrB1) protects the photosynthetic apparatus from oxidative damage by scavenging reactive oxygen species to repair Met-oxidized proteins in response to abiotic stresses and biotic attack. Papaya MsrB1 (PaMsrB1) was identified previously to interact with papaya ringspot virus NIa-Pro, and this interaction inhibits the import of PaMsrB1 into the chloroplast. Further functional characterization of PaMsrB1 requires the production of a biologically active purified recombinant protein...
January 23, 2018: Protein Expression and Purification
Sepideh Shahbazi, Azam Bolhassani, Arash Arashkia, Esmaeil Sadroddiny
Immunotherapies targeting the human papillomavirus (HPV) oncogenic proteins, E6 and E7, are effective to treat HPV-associated cervical malignancies. In this study, two types of the fusion E7-GFP proteins (i.e., with or without linker) were expressed in different E. coli strains. Then, the efficiency of GFP and E7-GFP transfection was compared with FITC-antibody protein control using TurboFect reagent in the HEK-293T cell line. Our data indicated that both E7-GFP fusion proteins were efficiently produced in M15 E...
January 15, 2018: Protein and Peptide Letters
Maxx H Tessmer, David M Anderson, Adam M Pickrum, Molly O Riegert, Rocco Moretti, Jens Meiler, Jimmy B Feix, Dara W Frank
ExoU is a type III-secreted cytotoxin expressing A2 phospholipase activity when injected into eukaryotic target cells by the bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa The enzymatic activity of ExoU is undetectable in vitro unless ubiquitin, a required cofactor, is added to the reaction. The role of ubiquitin in facilitating ExoU enzymatic activity is poorly understood but of significance for designing inhibitors to prevent tissue injury during infections with strains of P. aeruginosa producing this toxin. Most ubiquitin-binding proteins, including ExoU, demonstrate a low (micromolar) affinity for monoubiquitin (monoUb)...
January 2, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Nawsad Alam, Oriel Goldstein, Bing Xia, Kathryn A Porter, Dima Kozakov, Ora Schueler-Furman
Peptide-protein interactions contribute a significant fraction of the protein-protein interactome. Accurate modeling of these interactions is challenging due to the vast conformational space associated with interactions of highly flexible peptides with large receptor surfaces. To address this challenge we developed a fragment based high-resolution peptide-protein docking protocol. By streamlining the Rosetta fragment picker for accurate peptide fragment ensemble generation, the PIPER docking algorithm for exhaustive fragment-receptor rigid-body docking and Rosetta FlexPepDock for flexible full-atom refinement of PIPER docked models, we successfully addressed the challenge of accurate and efficient global peptide-protein docking at high-resolution with remarkable accuracy, as validated on a small but representative set of peptide-protein complex structures well resolved by X-ray crystallography...
December 27, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
Kristin Blacklock, Lu Yang, Vikram K Mulligan, Sagar D Khare
The computational design of novel nested proteins - in which the primary structure of one protein domain (insert) is flanked by the primary structure segments of another (parent) - would enable the generation of multifunctional proteins. Here we present a new algorithm, called Loop-Directed Domain Insertion (LooDo), implemented within the Rosetta software suite, for the purpose of designing nested protein domain combinations connected by flexible linker regions. Conformational space for the insert domain is sampled using large libraries of linker fragments for linker-to-parent domain superimposition followed by insert-to-linker superimposition...
December 18, 2017: Proteins
Rebecca F Alford, Andrew Leaver-Fay, Lynda Gonzales, Erin L Dolan, Jeffrey J Gray
Computational biology is an interdisciplinary field, and many computational biology research projects involve distributed teams of scientists. To accomplish their work, these teams must overcome both disciplinary and geographic barriers. Introducing new training paradigms is one way to facilitate research progress in computational biology. Here, we describe a new undergraduate program in biomolecular structure prediction and design in which students conduct research at labs located at geographically-distributed institutions while remaining connected through an online community...
December 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
Mara F Cuebas-Irizarry, Ricardo A Irizarry-Caro, Carol López-Morales, Keyla M Badillo-Rivera, Carlos M Rodríguez-Minguela, Rafael Montalvo-Rodríguez
We report the heterologous expression and molecular characterization of the first extremely halophilic alpha-glucosidase (EC from the archaeon Haloquadratum walsbyi. A 2349 bp region (Hqrw_2071) from the Hqr. walsbyi C23 annotated genome was PCR-amplified and the resulting amplicon ligated into plasmid pET28b(+), expressed in E. coli Rosetta cells, and the resulting protein purified by Ni-NTA affinity chromatography. The recombinant protein showed an estimated molecular mass of 87 kDa, consistent with the expected value of the annotated protein, and an optimal activity for the hydrolysis of α-PNPG was detected at 40 °C, and at pH 6...
November 21, 2017: Life
Yutaka Nakamura, Aki Sugano, Mika Ohta, Yutaka Takaoka
Interleukin-13 (IL-13) is associated with allergic airway inflammation and airway remodeling. Our group found a variant with a single nucleotide polymorphism in the IL13 gene at position +2044G>A (rs20541) that was expected to result in the non-conservative replacement of a positively charged arginine (R) with a neutral glutamine (Q) at position 144. IL-13Q144 was associated with augmented allergic airway inflammation and bronchial asthma remodeling. There is some indication that anti-IL-13 monoclonal antibodies can demonstrate a positive effect on the clinical course of refractory asthmatic patients...
2017: PloS One
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