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quinazoline as antimicrobials

Hatem A Abuelizz, Rabab A El-Dib, Mohamed Marzouk, Rashad Al-Salahi
Previously, seventeen 2-phenoxy-benzo[g][1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]quinazoline derivatives were prepared and characterized by physicochemical and spectral means. This study was conducted to evaluate their activities in vitro against five Gram-negative and five Gram-positive of clinically pathogenic bacterial strains and ten fungal strains. The antimicrobial activity was assessed, and the minimum inhibitory concentration values of the tested compounds were determined in μg ml-1 , using the diffusion agar technique...
April 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Lan Yang, Shijia Ge, Jian Huang, Xiaoping Bao
A series of novel (E)-2-(4-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)styryl)-4-(alkyl/arylmethyleneoxy)quinazoline derivatives (4a-4s) were synthesized in good to excellent yields, and their structures were fully characterized by [Formula: see text] NMR, [Formula: see text] NMR, HRMS and IR spectra. The structure of compound 4b was further confirmed via single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The bioassay results indicated that compounds 4s, 4q and 4n inhibit phytopathogenic bacterium Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (Xac) more potently than commercial bactericide bismerthiazol...
February 2018: Molecular Diversity
Bikui Tang, Meili Wei, Qun Niu, Yinjiu Huang, Shuo Ru, Xiaofen Liu, Lin Shen, Qiang Fang
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Currently, the emergence of drug resistance has an urgent need for new drugs. In previous study, we found that 1,2-di(quinazolin-4-yl)diselane (DQYD), a quinazoline derivative, has anticancer activities against many cancers. However, whether DQYD has the activity of antimycobacterium is still little known. Here our results show that DQYD has a similar value of the minimum inhibitory concentration with clinical drugs against mycobacteria and also has the ability of bacteriostatic activity with dose-dependent and time-dependent manner...
2017: BioMed Research International
Yomna I El-Gazzar, Hanan H Georgey, Shahenda M El-Messery, Heba A Ewida, Ghada S Hassan, Marwa M Raafat, Menna A Ewida, Hussein I El-Subbagh
A new series of 2-mercapto-quinazolin-4-one analogues was designed, synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro DHFR inhibition, antitumor and antimicrobial activity. Compound 17 proved to be the most active DHFR inhibitor with IC50 value of 0.01μM, eight fold more active than methotrexate (MTX). Compounds 16 and 24 showed antitumor activity against human Caco2 colon and MCF-7 breast tumor cell lines with IC50 values of 25.4 and 9.5μg/ml, respectively. Compounds 15, 20, 21 and 30 showed considerable activity against the Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus while 24 and 30 proved active against Bacillus subtilis with a magnitude of potency comparable to the broad spectrum antibiotic Ciprofloxacin...
June 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
Renee Fleeman, Kurt S Van Horn, Megan M Barber, Whittney N Burda, David L Flanigan, Roman Manetsch, Lindsey N Shaw
We previously reported a series of N 2 , N 4 -disubstituted quinazoline-2,4-diamines as dihydrofolate reductase inhibitors with potent in vitro and in vivo antibacterial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains. In this work, we extended our previous study to the Gram-negative pathogen Acinetobacter baumannii We determined that optimized N 2 , N 4 -disubstituted quinazoline-2,4-diamines are strongly antibacterial against multidrug-resistant A. baumannii strains when the 6-position is replaced with a halide or an alkyl substituent...
June 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Parvin Asadi, Ghadamali Khodarahmi, Ali Jahanian-Najafabadi, Lotfollah Saghaie, Farshid Hassanzadeh
Cytotoxic and antimicrobial agents structurally based on quinazolinone, benzofuran and imidazole pharmacophores, have been designed and synthesized. Spectral (IR, (1) H-NMR) and elemental analysis data established the structures of these novel 3-[1-(1-benzofuran-2-yl)-2-(4-oxoquinazolin-3(4H)-yl)ethyl]-1-methyl-1H-imidazol-3-ium chloride hybrid derivatives. All the synthesized compounds were evaluated for in vitro cytotoxicity and antimicrobial activities. Cytotoxic evaluation using MTT assay revealed that compounds 12c, 12g and 12i exhibited significant cytotoxicity with IC50 values 1, 1, and 0...
April 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Ramu Guda, Sirassu Narsimha, Ramavath Babu, Srujana Muthadi, Harikiran Lingabathula, Rambabu Palabindela, Narsimha Reddy Yellu, Girijesh Kumar, Mamatha Kasula
A series of novel substituted hydrazono indolo[2,1-b]quinazoline-6,12-dione analogues have been synthesized and screened for their in vitro cytotoxic and antimicrobial activities. Among all the target compounds, 3c exhibited the most potent inhibitory activity against three cancer cell lines MCF-7, A549, HeLa with IC50 values 07.14±1.285μM, 09.18±0.968μM and 10.57±0.581μM respectively, while maintaining low toxicity towards non-cancer originated cell line, HEK-293. The detailed studies about molecular interactions with probable target protein indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO1) were done by using docking simulations...
November 15, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Shahenda M El-Messery, Ghada S Hassan, Mahmoud N Nagi, El-Sayed E Habib, Sarah T Al-Rashood, Hussein I El-Subbagh
A new series of 2,3,6-substituted-quinazolin-4-ones was designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their in vitro DHFR inhibition, antimicrobial, and antitumor activities. Compounds 28 and 61 proved to be active DHFR inhibitors with IC50 0.02 and 0.01μM, respectively. Molecular modeling studies concluded that recognition with the key amino acid Phe34 is essential for binding and hence DHFR inhibition. Compounds 34, 56 and 66 showed broad spectrum antimicrobial activity comparable to Gentamicin and Ciprofloxacin...
October 1, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Rashad Al-Salahi, Hatem A Abuelizz, Rabab El Dib, Mohamed Marzouk, Mohammed B Alshammari
BACKGROUND: The antimicrobial activity of a synthesized series of 28 2-thioxobenzo[ g]quinazolin-4(3H)-one derivatives was evaluated in vitro against five Gram-positive bacteria, including Bacillus subtilis, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Streptococcus pyogenes. The antibacterial activity was extended to include five Gramnegative bacteria: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Klebsiella oxytoca and Enterobacter cloacae...
2016: Medicinal Chemistry
Rashad Al-Salahi, Hatem A Abuelizz, Mahasin Wadi, Rabab A El Dib, Mshari A Alotaibi, Mohamed Marzouk
BACKGROUND: The present study was carried out to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of a synthesized 2-methylthio-benzo[g][1,2,4]triazolo[1,5- a]quinazoline series. The compounds (1-21) were tested against a variety of Gram-positive bacterial species including Bacillus subtilis (RCMB 01001 69-3), Enterococcus faecalis (RCMB 0100154-2), Staphylococcus aureus (RCMB 0100183-9), Staphylococcus epidermidis (RCMB 0100183-9) and Streptococcus pyogenes (RCMB 0100172-5). In addition, Gram-negative bacteria were also tested including Pseudomonas aeruginosa (RCMB 0100243-5), Escherichia coli (RCMB 010052-6), Proteus mirabilis (RCMB 01002 54-2), Klebsiella oxytoca (RCMB 01002 83-4) and Enterobacter cloacae (RCMB 01002 64-5)...
2016: Medicinal Chemistry
Elham Jafari, Marzieh Rahmani Khajouei, Farshid Hassanzadeh, Gholam Hossein Hakimelahi, Ghadam Ali Khodarahmi
The heterocyclic compounds have a great importance in medicinal chemistry. One of the most important heterocycles in medicinal chemistry are quinazolines possessing wide spectrum of biological properties like antibacterial, antifungal, anticonvulsant, anti-inflammatory, anti-HIV, anticancer and analgesic activities. This skeleton is an important pharmacophore considered as a privileged structure. This review highlights the recent advances in the synthesis of quinazolines and quinazolinone derivatives with potent antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities...
January 2016: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Amit Gupta, Rajendra Singh, Pankaj K Sonar, Shailendra K Saraf
A series of new 4-thiazolidinone derivatives was synthesized, characterized by spectral techniques, and screened for antimicrobial activity. All the compounds were evaluated against five Gram-positive bacteria, two Gram-negative bacteria, and two fungi, at concentrations of 50, 100, 200, 400, 800, and 1600 µg/mL, respectively. Minimum inhibitory concentrations of all the compounds were also determined and were found to be in the range of 100-400 µg/mL. All the compounds showed moderate-to-good antimicrobial activity...
2016: Biochemistry Research International
D R Shah, H P Lakum, K H Chikhalia
In frames of the search for new biological entities to fight against recent drug-resistant microbial strains, we report a library of quinazoline-based thiourea/4-thiazolidinone/chalcone hybrids. The newly synthesized compounds were studied for efficacy against several bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Klebsiella pneumoniae) and fungi (Candida albicans and Aspergillus clavatus) using the broth dilution technique. From the biological evaluation, (E)-3-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-1-(4-((4-(4-ethylpiperazin-1-yl)quinazolin-2-yl)amino)phenyl)prop-2-en-1-one was found to be the most active analogue (microbial inhibition concentration 3...
March 2015: Bioorganicheskaia Khimiia
Theivendren Panneer Selvam, Arumugam Sivakumar, Padmavathi P Prabhu
AIM: A novel series of ethyl 5-(4-substituted phenyl)-3-methyl-6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-5H-thiazolo[2,3-b] quinazoline-2-carboxylate 3a-3j, were synthesized, characterized by spectral, elemental analyses and screened for their in vitro antibacterial and Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The in vitro antibacterial and antifungal activities were determined by agar well-diffusion and cup-plate agar diffusion methods and the anti-tuberculosis (TB) screening for test compounds were evaluated against MTB H37Rv strain by Resazurin assay...
October 2014: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Sarah T Al-Rashood, Ghada S Hassan, Shahenda M El-Messery, Mahmoud N Nagi, El-Sayed E Habib, Fatmah A M Al-Omary, Hussein I El-Subbagh
A new series of 2-(1,3,4-thiadiazolyl- or 4-methyl-thiazolyl)thio-6-substituted-quinazolin-4-one analogs was designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their in vitro DHFR inhibition, antimicrobial, and antitumor activities. Compounds 29, 34, and 39 proved to be the most active DHFR inhibitors with IC50 values range of 0.1-0.6 μM. Compounds 28, 31 and 33 showed remarkable broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity comparable to the known antibiotic Gentamicin. Compounds 26, 33, 39, 43, 44, 50, 55 and 63 showed broad spectrum antitumor activity with GI values range of 10...
September 15, 2014: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Yuke Zhang, Maoxiang Zhu, Zhihua Yang, Xiujie Pan, Yuanyuan Jiang, Congcong Sun, Qin Wang, Wei Xiao
AIM: To investigate the mechanism for LL-37 inducing MUC5AC mucin production in airway epithelial cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The airway epithelial NCI-H292 cells were stimulated with various concentrations of LL-37 synthetic peptide and scrambled LL-37 (sLL-37) synthetic peptide ranged from 2.5 to 10 μg/mL. The effects of LL-37 and sLL-37 on TNF-α-converting enzyme (TACE) and EGFR activation and MUC5AC mucin production were evaluated by fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) assay, Western blotting and ELISA respectively...
September 2014: Experimental Lung Research
Kuruba Siddappa, Sunilkumar B Mane, Deene Manikprabhu
A simple condensation of 3-amino-2-methylquinazoline-4-one with 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde produced new tridentate ONO donor Schiff base ligand with efficient yield. The structural characterization of ligand and its Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), Mn(II), Zn(II), and Cd(II) complexes were achieved by the aid of elemental analysis, spectral characterization such as (UV-visible, IR, NMR, mass, and ESR), and magnetic data. The analytical and spectroscopic studies suggest the octahedral geometries of Cu(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Mn(II) complexes and tetrahedral geometry of Zn(II) and Cd(II) complexes with the tridentate ONO Schiff base ligand...
2014: TheScientificWorldJournal
Ryan H Moy, Beth Gold, Jerome M Molleston, Veronica Schad, Kilangsungla Yanger, Mary-Virginia Salzano, Yoshimasa Yagi, Katherine A Fitzgerald, Ben Z Stanger, Samantha S Soldan, Sara Cherry
Autophagy has been implicated as a component of host defense, but the significance of antimicrobial autophagy in vivo and the mechanism by which it is regulated during infection are poorly defined. Here we found that antiviral autophagy was conserved in flies and mammals during infection with Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), a mosquito-borne virus that causes disease in humans and livestock. In Drosophila, Toll-7 limited RVFV replication and mortality through activation of autophagy. RVFV infection also elicited autophagy in mouse and human cells, and viral replication was increased in the absence of autophagy genes...
January 16, 2014: Immunity
Beate M Lichtenberger, Peter A Gerber, Martin Holcmann, Bettina A Buhren, Nicole Amberg, Viktoria Smolle, Holger Schrumpf, Edwin Boelke, Parinaz Ansari, Colin Mackenzie, Andreas Wollenberg, Andreas Kislat, Jens W Fischer, Katharina Röck, Jürgen Harder, Jens M Schröder, Bernhard Homey, Maria Sibilia
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays an important role in tissue homeostasis and tumor progression. However, cancer patients treated with EGFR inhibitors (EGFRIs) frequently develop acneiform skin toxicities, which are a strong predictor of a patient's treatment response. We show that the early inflammatory infiltrate of the skin rash induced by EGFRI is dominated by dendritic cells, macrophages, granulocytes, mast cells, and T cells. EGFRIs induce the expression of chemokines (CCL2, CCL5, CCL27, and CXCL14) in epidermal keratinocytes and impair the production of antimicrobial peptides and skin barrier proteins...
August 21, 2013: Science Translational Medicine
Aakash Deep, Balasubramanian Narasimhan, Kalavathy Ramasamy, Vasudevan Mani, Rakesh Kumar Mishra, Abu Bakar Abdul Majeed
A series of 3-(5-(arylidene)-2-(aryl)-4-oxothiazolidin-3-yl)-2-phenylquinazolin-4(3H)-one derivatives (1-18) was synthesized in appreciable yield and characterized by physicochemical and spectral means. The synthesized compounds were evaluated for their in vitro antimicrobial and anticancer potentials. Antimicrobial properties of the title compounds were investigated against Gram positive and Gram negative bacterial as well fungal strains. 3-(5-(3- Methoxybenzylidene)-2-(4-(dimethylamino)phenyl)-4-oxothiazolidin-3-yl)-2-phenyl quinazolin-4(3H)-one (16, pMICam = 1...
August 2013: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
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