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Ioannis K Papapanagiotou, Dimitra Koulocheri, Vasileios Kalles, Paraskevi Liakou, Nikolaos V Michalopoulos, Wasim Al-Harethee, Georgia Georgiou, Maria Matiatou, Afroditi Nonni, Anastasia Pazaiti, Georgios E Theodoropoulos, Evangelos Menenakos, Georgios C Zografos
BACKGROUND: The Breast Lesion Excision System(®) (BLES(®)) is a stereotactic vacuum-assisted breast biopsy device that utilizes radiofrequency in order to excise non-palpable mammographic lesions for pathologic diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of BLES(®) in performing complete, margin-free excisions of small solid carcinomas. METHODS: Our retrospective study of prospectively enrolled patients included 50 cases of non-palpable, BIRADS ≥ 4, solid by means of mammography and sonography, lesions...
September 16, 2017: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
Joshua E Barker, Conerd K Frederickson, Michael H Jones, Lev N Zakharov, Michael M Haley
The synthesis and optoelectronic properties of 24 π-electron, formally antiaromatic fluoreno[3,2-b]fluorene and fluoreno[4,3-c]fluorene (FF), are presented. The solid-state structure of [4,3-c]FF along with computationally analogous molecules shows that the outer rings are aromatic while the central four rings possess a bond-localized 2,6-naphthoquinodimethane motif. The antiaromaticity and biradical character of the FFs is assessed computationally, the results of which indicate the dominance of the closed-shell ground state for these molecules...
September 13, 2017: Organic Letters
Jerzy Karpiuk, Alina Majka, Ewelina Karolak, Jacek Nowacki
In frozen solvents at 77 K, ultrafast (≤ 250 fs) photoinduced intramolecular electron transfer (ET) in bichromophoric donor-acceptor ([D-A]) diarylmethane lactones produces a covalently linked radical ion pair, 1[D•+-A•-]. Steady state and time-resolved luminescence measurements reveal that 1[D•+-A•-] decays to charge-separated (3[D•+-A•-]) and donor-centered ([3D*-A]) triplets, which display dual phosphorescence. 3[D•+-A•-] and [3D*-A] are formed in parallel via two intersystem crossing mechanisms: spin orbit charge transfer (SOCT) and hyperfine coupling (HFC), with solvent dependent branching ratio...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Henglei Dong, Yubei Huang, Fengju Song, Hongji Dai, Peifang Liu, Ying Zhu, Peishan Wang, Jiali Han, Xishan Hao, Kexin Chen
INTRODUCTION: Until now, no studies have investigated whether women other than those with dense breasts are suitable for adjunctive ultrasonography after negative mammography, and investigated whether all women with negative mammography are suitable for adjunctive ultrasonography. METHODS: Based on the Multi-modality Independent Screening Trial in China, a total of 31,918 women aged 45 to 65 years underwent both ultrasonography and mammography. Physicians performed ultrasonography and mammography separately and were blinded to each other's findings until their interpretations had been recorded...
August 15, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
Claudiu V Leonida, Alina Topciu
Visualization of infraclinical malignant lesions using 3D breast ultrasound, and differentiation of benign and malignant lesions using ARFI Virtual Touch® technology in two patients. 3D ultrasound is useful in early detection of architectural distortions, even in the soft tissue of the breast, and Virtual Touch® ARFI differentiates more accurately malignant vs. benign lesions, allowing the patient to be regraded in the BiRADS score (increasing or decreasing the BiRADS score, depending on the situation).
July 2017: Chirurgia
Athina Vourtsis, Aspasia Kachulis
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate automated breast ultrasound (ABUS) compared to hand-held traditional ultrasound (HHUS) in the visualisation and BIRADS characterisation of breast lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2016 to January 2017, 1,886 women with breast density category C or D (aged 48.6±10.8 years) were recruited. All participants underwent ABUS and HHUS examination; a subcohort of 1,665 women also underwent a mammography. RESULTS: The overall agreement between HHUS and ABUS was 99...
August 21, 2017: European Radiology
Martin Poncelet, Benoit Driesschaert, Andrey A Bobko, Valery V Khramtsov
Superoxide radical represents one of the most biologically relevant reactive oxygen species involved in numerous physiological and pathophysiological processes. Superoxide measurement through the decay of an electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) signal of a triarylmethyl (TAM) radical possesses the advantage of a high selectivity and relatively high rate constant of TAM reaction with the superoxide. Hereby we report a straightforward synthesis and characterization of a tam-tam biradical showing a high reactivity with superoxide (second-order rate constant, (6...
August 17, 2017: Free Radical Research
Julia Garayoa, Margarita Chevalier, Maria Castillo, Ignacio Mahillo-Fernández, Najim Amallal El Ouahabi, Carmen Estrada, Alejandro Tejerina, Olivia Benitez, Julio Valverde
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the non-inferiority of synthetic image (SI) mammography versus full-field digital mammography (FFDM) in breast tomosynthesis (DBT) examinations. METHODS: An observational, retrospective, single-centre, multireader blinded study was performed, using 2384 images to directly compare SI and FFDM based on Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BIRADS) categorisation and visibility of radiological findings. Readers had no access to digital breast tomosynthesis slices...
August 15, 2017: European Radiology
Lirong Yu, Yanglizhi Li, Xi Wang, Xingyong Wang, Panpan Zhou, Shangda Jiang, Xiaobo Pan
An elegant synthetic route to a ladder-type di-borate compound 2a was reported based on the reduction, radical-cyclization, and oxidative-dehydrogenation reaction of 1. The existence of the biradical intermediate [1˙˙]2- was supported by both EPR measurements and DFT calculations.
August 29, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Zoltan Varga, Pragya Verma, Donald G Truhlar
Excited spin states are important for reactivity, catalysis, and magnetic applications. This work examines the relative energies of the spin states of O atom, Fe(2+) ion, and FeF2 and characterizes their excited spin states. Both single-configuration and multireference methods are used to establish the character of the lowest singlet excited state of all three systems and the lowest triplet excited state of Fe(2+) and FeF2. We find that the conventional representation of the orbital occupancies is incorrect in that the states have more unpaired electrons than the minimum number required by their total electron spin quantum number...
August 30, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Tim S Chung, Yang Xue, Alberto Carranza, Miguel A Garcia-Garibay
The stereospecific photochemistry of ten N-aryl-substituted cis- or trans-Δ(2)-1,2,3-triazolines to form the corresponding cis- or trans-aziridines was investigated both in solution and in the solid-state. We found that photochemical reactions in the solid state are more stereospecific than in solution for the 8 crystalline Δ(2)-1,2,3-triazolines. Additionally, triplet sensitization for some triazolines results in triplet biradicals, which provide the more thermodynamically favored trans-aziridine regardless of the starting triazoline stereochemistry...
September 13, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Carlos Heras, Alejandro Gómez-Palomino, Pedro Romea, Fèlix Urpí, Josep Maria Bofill, Ibério de P R Moreira
Quantum chemical calculations have unveiled the unexpected biradical character of titanium(IV) enolates from N-acyl oxazolidinones and thiazolidinethiones. The electronic structure of these species therefore involves a valence tautomerism consisting of an equilibrium between a closed shell (formally Ti(IV) enolates) and an open shell, biradical, singlet (formally Ti(III) enolates) electronic states, whose origin is to be basically found in changes of the Ti-O distance. Spectroscopic studies of the intermediate species lend support to such a model, which also turns out to be crucial for a better understanding of the overall reactivity of titanium(IV) enolates...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Maria García-Martos, Angel Panizo-Santos
Pulse granuloma is a rare, foreign body inflammatory reaction that occurs mainly in the oral cavity. It is exceedingly rare elsewhere, with only isolated cases described in the literature. We report the case of a 79-year-old woman with a history of normocalcemic hyperparathyroidism who presented to our hospital with a painful 4-cm lump in the upper quadrants-upper outer quadrant of her left breast. The clinical and radiological (BIRADS-5) findings were indicative of a malignant lesion. However, core needle biopsy revealed features simulating hyaline ring granuloma (pulse granuloma-like)...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
Alexander Rudnick, Christoph Wetzel, Steffen Tscheuschner, Holger Schmalz, Astrid Vogt, Andreas Greiner, Heinz Bässler, Elena Mena-Osteritz, Peter Bäuerle, Anna Köhler
In this study, we report a detailed spectroscopic study concerning the energy levels and vibrational structure of thiophene-pyrrole-containing S,N-heteroacenes. The aim of the study is first, to understand the differences in the photoluminescence (PL) efficiencies in this structurally similar series and second, to compare the electronic structure of S,N-heteroacenes to that of linear acenes and phenacenes, with a view to derive guidelines for the design of singlet fission materials. For S,N-heteroacenes comprising seven fused heterocyclic rings, we observe a higher PL quantum yield for derivatives with terminal thienothiophene units than for thienopyrrole-capped ones...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Faina Nakhlis, Susan Lester, Christine Denison, Stephanie M Wong, Anne Mongiu, Mehra Golshan
Complex or radial sclerosing lesions (CSL/RSL) are uncommon diagnoses on core needle biopsy with a reported upgrade rate ranging between 0% and 23%. As a result, their management remains controversial. In this study, we sought to determine the rate of malignancy on excision for patients with pure CSL/RSL on core biopsy, and to evaluate future breast cancer risk when CSL/RSL is managed without excision. We retrospectively reviewed 118 cases of CSL/RSL diagnosed on image-guided breast biopsies between 2005 and 2014 at our institution...
July 7, 2017: Breast Journal
Ruxandra-Iulia Milos, Maria Bernathova, Pascal A Baltzer, Katja Pinker-Domenig, Panagiotis Kapetas, Margaretha Rudas, Thomas Thomas H Helbich
OBJECTIVE: The breast lesion excision system (BLES) is a new, automatic percutaneous breast biopsy device that excises single large specimens using radiofrequency cutting. The aim of this study was to determine whether BLES, under stereotactic guidance, can be used as a therapeutic tool in the assessment of small areas of microcalcifications in the breast by providing samples with clear margins. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 149 patients with suspicious (BIRADS 4 or 5) small areas of microcalcifications underwent stereotactic-guided BLES...
August 2017: European Journal of Radiology
Kubandiran Kolanji, Prince Ravat, Artem S Bogomyakov, Victor I Ovcharenko, Dieter Schollmeyer, Martin Baumgarten
The synthesis of four nitronyl nitroxide (NN) biradicals is described which are conjugatively linked through p-ter-phenyl (PPP), ter-thiophene (TTT) and alternating phenylene (P) and thiophene (T) units as PTP and TPT. We first utilized Suzuki and Stille coupling reactions through protection and deprotection protocols to synthesize these (NN) biradicals. Single crystals were efficiently grown for radical precursors of 3, 5, 6, PPP-NNSi, PTP-NNSi, and final biradicals of TTT-NN, TPT-NN, and PPP-NN, whose structures and molecular packing were examined by X-ray diffraction studies...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Vanessa Quinn-Laurin, Jean-Charles Hogue, Sylvie Pinault, Nathalie Duchesne
INTRODUCTION: Management of complex cysts and benign intraductal/intracystic masses is controversial. The aim of this study was to determine if the complete removal of the complex cyst lesions with ultrasound-guided vacuum-assisted excision (US-VAE) is sufficient for their safe management when the histological diagnosis obtained at biopsy is benign. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This is a single institution retrospective study performed on patients who underwent breast biopsy between April 2007 and September 2013...
June 21, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Eva A Jaumann, Sabrina Steinwand, Szabina Klenik, Jörn Plackmeyer, Jan W Bats, Josef Wachtveitl, Thomas F Prisner
Azobenzene compounds are known as versatile examples for photoswitchable systems because of their isomeric cis- and trans-configurations. The switching between these isomers can be reversibly controlled by light excitation. In this study we characterize two members of this class by joining the azobenzene moiety with each two paramagnetic nitroxide spin labels. Two different linkers were chosen to tune the molecular properties. The combined approach using optical and EPR spectroscopy proved the reversibility of photoexcitation and high fatigue resistance...
June 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Y L Elaine Wong, Xiangfeng Chen, Ri Wu, Y L Winnie Hung, Hoi Sze Yeung, T-W Dominic Chan
The gas-phase chemistry of peptide radical ions is attracting considerable interest in the fields of biology and mass spectrometry owing to its capability to provide sequence information on peptides and proteins. In this study, we observed that doubly charged peptide ions (M(2+)) can be produced from the collision-induced dissociation (CID) of Hg(II)-adducted peptide ions. The chemical nature and, thus, the dissociation pathways of this hydrogen-deficient biradical M(2+) species is intriguing. We investigated the generation and dissociation behavior of this M(2+) species under electron-capture dissociation (ECD) and CID conditions...
June 30, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
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