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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431477/duration-of-orthognathic-surgical-treatment
#1
Jaakko Paunonen, Mika Helminen, Timo Peltomäki
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the duration of orthognathic-surgical treatment conducted with conventional pre- and post-surgical orthodontic treatment phases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study material was comprised of the files of 185 consecutive patients treated in Oral and Maxillofacial Unit, Tampere University Hospital, Finland, in 2007-2014. The files were reviewed and the following data was obtained: gender and age of patients, ICD-10 diagnosis, type of malocclusion, duration of pre- and post-surgical orthodontic treatment and type of operation...
April 21, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429956/efficacy-of-piezocision-on-accelerating-orthodontic-tooth-movement-a-systematic-review
#2
Jianru Yi, Jiani Xiao, Yu Li, Xiaobing Li, Zhihe Zhao
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effect of piezocision as an adjunctive procedure to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trials and controlled clinical trials that investigated the effectiveness of piezocision on accelerating orthodontic tooth movement were identified through electronic and manual searches. The literature search, study inclusion, risk of bias assessment, and data extraction were performed by two reviewers independently...
April 21, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429487/effect-of-orthodontic-treatment-on-the-periodontal-tissues
#3
REVIEW
Joseph S Antoun, Li Mei, Kelsi Gibbs, Mauro Farella
Reduced periodontal support is a challenge that clinicians often face during rehabilitation of compromised dentition. The close and intricate relationship between the periodontal tissues and the processes of tooth movement suggest that adjunct orthodontic therapy may play an important role in overcoming these problems. On the other hand, excessive movement of teeth beyond the anatomic boundaries of the alveolar process is commonly believed to contribute to further destruction of the periodontal tissues. This review evaluates the clinical effects of various orthodontic tooth movements on the surrounding periodontal soft tissues and alveolar bone...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414872/a-scoping-review-of-outcomes-related-to-orthodontic-treatment-measured-in-cleft-lip-and-palate
#4
REVIEW
A Tsichlaki, K O'Brien, A Johal, P S Fleming
The aim of this study was to identify and summarize the outcomes measured in orthodontic studies of children with cleft lip and/or palate. The objectives were to categorize the outcomes into pre-determined domains and to explore whether any domains were under-represented. Electronic databases and grey literature were searched until December 2016 to identify all studies of orthodontic treatment interventions in children and adolescents with cleft lip and palate. Abstracts and subsequently eligible full-text articles were screened independently and in duplicate by two reviewers...
May 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397082/treatment-effects-of-various-prescriptions-and-techniques-for-fixed-orthodontic-appliances-a-systematic-review
#5
Sophia Mousoulea, Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Theodore Eliades
PURPOSE: Although several prescriptions and techniques exist for comprehensive fixed appliance treatment, their treatment effects have not yet been adequately assessed in an evidence-based manner. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the therapeutic and adverse effects of various prescriptions or techniques for orthodontic appliances from randomized clinical trials on human patients. METHODS: Eight databases were searched up to July 2016 for randomized trials assessing any orthodontic prescriptions or techniques in human patients...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392812/pubmed-indexed-dental-publications-from-iran-a-scientometric-study
#6
Saeed Asgary, Sedigheh Sabbagh, Alireza Sarraf Shirazi, Maryam Ahmadyar, Arash Shahravan, Mohammad Sadegh Ahmad Akhoundi
OBJECTIVES: Scientometric methods and the resulting citations have been applied to investigate the scientific performance of a nation. The present study was designed to collect the statistical information of dental articles by Iranian authors published in PubMed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the PubMed database for dental articles of Iranian authors until June 31, 2015. All abstracts were manually reviewed in order to exclude false retrievals. The number of articles per dental subspecialties, distribution of research designs, Scopus/Google Scholar citation of each article, number of authors and affiliation of the first/corresponding author were extracted and transferred to Microsoft Excel...
June 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379334/impact-of-adenotonsillectomy-on-the-dentofacial-development-of-obstructed-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Bibi E Becking, Jop P Verweij, Sonja M Kalf-Scholte, Cees Valkenburg, Eric W P Bakker, J P Richard van Merkesteyn
Background: Dentofacial deformities frequently require orthodontic treatment. Understanding of preventable risk factors is essential for reducing treatment need. Upper airway obstruction (for example due to hypertrophic adenoids and/or tonsils) has been hypothesized to be a risk factor. Objectives: This systematic review aimed to reflect the contemporary evidence on the risk of obstruction by hypertrophic adenoids and/or tonsils, by assessing the dentofacial changes after adeno- and/or tonsillectomy...
April 3, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371882/efficiency-of-piezotome-corticision-assisted-orthodontics-in-alleviating-mandibular-anterior-crowding-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Flavio Uribe, Leyla Davoody, Rana Mehr, Yasas S N Jayaratne, Khalid Almas, Takanori Sobue, Veerasathpurush Allareddy, Ravindra Nanda
Objectives: The aim of this clinical trial was to investigate the duration of mandibular-crowding alleviation with piezotome-corticision orthodontics compared with conventional orthodontics. Design: Single-centre, two-arm parallel group randomized controlled trial. Setting: Orthodontic clinic at the University of Connecticut. Ethical approval: The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB # 12-0147-2)...
March 20, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364887/does-orthodontic-treatment-before-the-age-of-18%C3%A2-years-improve-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Hanieh Javidi, Mario Vettore, Philip E Benson
INTRODUCTION: Orthodontics aims to improve oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). In this systematic review, we examined the evidence for changes in OHRQoL after orthodontic treatment for patients treated before they were 18 years old. METHODS: The participants were patients aged less than 18 years. The interventions were nonorthognathic and cleft orthodontic treatment. The comparisons were before and after orthodontic treatment, or nonorthodontic control...
April 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358285/external-apical-root-resorption-concurrent-with-orthodontic-forces-the-genetic-influence
#10
Nuria Nieto-Nieto, Jose Enrique Solano, Rosa Yañez-Vico
Root resorption is a pathological process of multifactorial origin related to the permanent loss of dental root structure in response to a mechanical, inflammatory, autoimmune or infectious stimulus. External apical root resorption (EARR) is a frequent clinical complication secondary to orthodontic tooth movement; apart from variables related to treatment, environmental factors and/or interindividual genetic variations can confer susceptibility or resistance to its occurrence. In this context, genetic predisposition has been described as an etiological factor, together with mechanical factors derived from orthodontic treatment...
May 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350675/early-distraction-for-mild-to-moderate-unilateral-craniofacial-microsomia-long-term-follow-up-outcomes-and-recommendations
#11
Katie E Weichman, Jordan Jacobs, Parit Patel, Caroline Szpalski, Pradip Shetye, Barry Grayson, Joseph G McCarthy
BACKGROUND: There is controversy regarding the treatment of young patients with unilateral craniofacial microsomia and moderate dysmorphism. The relative indication for mandibular distraction in such patients poses several questions: Is it deleterious in the context of craniofacial growth and appearance? This study was designed to address these questions. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients undergoing mandibular distraction by a single surgeon between 1989 and 2010 was conducted...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338031/preoperative-analgesia-for-children-and-adolescents-to-reduce-pain-associated-with-dental-treatment
#12
Catherine McCann
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline, Embase, LILACS, ISI Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform.Study selectionRandomised controlled clinical trials of analgesics given before dental treatment versus placebo or no analgesics in children and adolescents up to 17 years of age. Children and adolescents having dental treatment under sedation (including nitrous oxide/oxygen) or general anaesthesia were excluded...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338029/unclear-if-non-surgical-adjuncts-accelerate-orthodontic-treatment
#13
Ahmed Elkhadem, Moamen Sheba
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health Group's Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline, Embase, LILACS, the metaRegister of Controlled Trials, the US National Institutes of Health Trials Register and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials of orthodontic treatment using fixed appliances along with non-surgical adjunctive interventions to accelerate tooth movement.Data extraction and synthesisTwo reviewers independently selected studies, abstracted data and assessed risk of bias...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328995/effectiveness-of-interceptive-treatment-of-class-iii-malocclusions-with-skeletal-anchorage-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Jorge Rodríguez de Guzmán-Barrera, Carla Sáez Martínez, Montserrat Boronat-Catalá, Jose María Montiel-Company, Vanessa Paredes-Gallardo, José Luís Gandía-Franco, José Manuel Almerich-Silla, Carlos Bellot-Arcís
Recently, new strategies for treating class III malocclusions have appeared. Skeletal anchorage appears to reduce the dentoalveolar effects while maximising the orthopaedic effect in growing patients. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to examine the effectiveness of bone anchorage devices for interceptive treatment of skeletal class III malocclusions. Searches were made in the Pubmed, Embase, Scopus and Cochrane databases, as well as in a grey literature database, and were complemented by hand-searching...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321457/influence-of-piezotomy-and-osteoperforation-of-the-alveolar-process-on-the-rate-of-orthodontic-tooth-movement-a-systematic-review
#15
Stefan Hoffmann, Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Dominik Visel, Theresa Visel, Paul-Georg Jost-Brinkmann, Thomas Michael Präger
OBJECTIVE: The minimally invasive procedures piezosurgical corticocision and osteoperforation have been advocated as methods to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement and to shorten treatment time, but without large-scale trauma of the periosteum and the bone. The aim of this study was to evaluate if there is evidence supporting these claims based on a systematic review of the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search of PubMed and Google Scholar with the combined search terms "piezo*" and "tooth movement" was performed until May 2016...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318153/-dental-alveolar-bone-and-dental-arch-remodeling-in-children-orthodontic-diagnosis-and-treatments-based-on-individual-child-arch-development
#16
Li Xiaobing
The etiology of malocclusions basically involves both congenital and environmental factors. Malocclusion is the result of the abnormal development of the orofacial complex (including tooth, dental alveolar bone, upper and lower jaws). Early orthodontic interceptive treatments involve the elimination of all congenital and environmental factors that contribute to the malformation of the orofacial complex, as well as interrupt the deviated development of the orofacial complex and the occlusion. Early orthodontic interceptive treatments mainly aim to use children's growth potential to correct abnormal developments of occlusions and orthodontically treat malocclusions more efficiently...
December 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301678/effectiveness-of-adjunctive-interventions-for-accelerating-orthodontic-tooth-movement-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#17
REVIEW
Jianru Yi, Jiani Xiao, Hanshi Li, Yu Li, Xiaobing Li, Zhihe Zhao
This study was aimed to summarize published systematic reviews that assess the effects of adjunctive interventions on the acceleration of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). Electronic and manual searches were performed up to Aug 2016. Systematic reviews investigating the impact of adjunctive techniques on the promotion of OTM were included. The methodological quality of the included reviews was evaluated using the AMSTAR scale. The quality of evidence for each intervention was assessed using GRADE. The Jadad decision algorithm was used to select a study to provide body evidence from discordant reviews on the same intervention...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297096/accelerated-orthodontic-treatment-what-s-the-evidence
#18
P Miles
The demand and accessibility of orthodontic care has increased but has also been accompanied by patient requests for shorter treatment times. Longer orthodontic treatment increases the risk of decalcification, gingival recession, and root resorption and so shorter treatment times have multiple advantages as well as appealing to patient's desires. Numerous techniques and materials have been suggested to reduce treatment times but, in most cases, are based upon selected case reports with no prospective clinical trials to validate claims...
March 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297095/adverse-reactions-to-orthodontic-materials
#19
I Sifakakis, T Eliades
Adverse effects can arise from the clinical use of orthodontic materials, due to the release of constituent substances (ions from alloys and monomers, degradation by-products, and additives from polymers). Moreover, intraoral aging affects the biologic properties of materials. The aim of this review is to present the currently identified major adverse effects of the metallic and polymeric components found in orthodontic appliances and materials. Corrosion in metallic orthodontic attachments releases metal ions, mainly iron, chromium, and nickel...
March 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297090/the-mandibular-muscles-in-contemporary-orthodontic-practice-a-review
#20
M G Woods
It is widely accepted that all dentists should have a thorough understanding of the muscles involved in moving or stabilizing the mandible. However, there is still much discussion regarding the influence of the mandibular muscles on normal facial growth and dental development, as well as on orthodontic treatment and post-treatment stability. Potential patients with different underlying vertical muscle patterns will have differences in the expected directions of future mandibular growth, lateral profile shape, facial and arch widths and vertical occlusal relationships...
March 2017: Australian Dental Journal
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