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review orthodontic

Marcel Hanisch, Lale Hanisch, Johannes Kleinheinz, Susanne Jung
BACKGROUND: Primary failure of eruption (PFE) is a rare disease defined as incomplete tooth eruption despite the presence of a clear eruption pathway. Orthodontic extrusion is not feasible in this case because it results in ankylosis of teeth. To the best of our knowledge, besides the study of Ahmad et al. (Eur J Orthod 28:535-540, 2006), no study has systematically analysed the clinical features of and factors associated with PFE. Therefore, the aim of this study was to systematically evaluate the current literature (from 2006 to 2017) for new insights and developments on the aetiology, diagnosis, genetics, and treatment options of PFE...
March 15, 2018: Head & Face Medicine
Aslam Alkadhimi, Ebrahim A Al-Awadhi
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, extensive research has introduced novel ways of reinforcing orthodontic anchorage using a variety of devices temporarily anchored in bone (miniscrews). Currently, there are numerous manufacturers with different miniscrew designs on the market. AIMS: The aim of this paper is to discuss the key design features of different miniscrew systems on the market. Furthermore, to present clinical selection criteria of miniscrews in different settings taking into account the determinant factors...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Orthodontics
Klaus Bsl Batista, Badri Thiruvenkatachari, Jayne E Harrison, Kevin D O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Prominent upper front teeth are a common problem affecting about a quarter of 12-year-old children in the UK. The condition develops when permanent teeth erupt. These teeth are more likely to be injured and their appearance can cause significant distress. Children are often referred to an orthodontist for treatment with dental braces to reduce the prominence of their teeth. If a child is referred at a young age, the orthodontist is faced with the dilemma of whether to treat the patient early or to wait and provide treatment in adolescence...
March 13, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Karin Michèle Schmid, Remo Kugler, Prasad Nalabothu, Carles Bosch, Carlalberta Verna
BACKGROUND: Non-nutritive sucking habits may adversely affect the orofacial complex. This systematic literature review aimed to find scientific evidence on the effect of pacifier sucking on orofacial structures. METHODS: A search on MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science databases was conducted to find all pertinent articles published from inception until February 2018, based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
March 13, 2018: Progress in Orthodontics
F N van der Weijden, R B Kuitert, F R U Berkhout, G A van der Weijden
PURPOSE: To systematically search the scientific literature concerning the influence of tooth position on wind instrumentalists' performance and embouchure comfort. METHODS: The PubMed, Cochrane, and Embase databases were searched up to November 2017. The main orthodontic journals were searched for papers older than the inception date of PubMed. Grey literature was sought via Google Scholar. Eligible studies were critically appraised and analysed. RESULTS: The searches retrieved 54 papers...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
Militiadis A Makrygiannakis, Eleftherios G Kaklamanos, Athanasios E Athanasiou
Background: As the taking of any medication may theoretically affect the complex pathways responsible for periodontal tissue homeostasis and the events leading to orthodontic tooth movement, it is considered important for the orthodontist to be able to identify prospective patients' history and patterns of pharmaceutical consumption. Objective: To systematically investigate and appraise the quality of the available evidence regarding the effect of commonly prescribed medications on the rate of orthodontic tooth movement...
March 6, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
Teresa Matthews-Brzozowska, Dorota Hojan-Jezierska, Wawrzyniec Loba, Marta Worona, Artur Matthews-Brzozowski
A review of numerous case reports was made, in order to demonstrate the possibilities for treatment of dental disorders in patients with Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD). In this paper, our own report, including a diagnosis of the effect on the auditory system, is presented. In addition to the triad of CCD symptoms that include hypoplastic or aplastic clavicles, impacted and supernumerary teeth, delayed closure of fontanelles and cranial sutures, impairment of the hearing system resulting in conductive hearing loss also occurs...
2018: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
Zhigui Ma, Haoming Zhao, Baoting Fan, Chi Yang, Minjie Chen, Shanyong Zhang
To evaluate the feasibility of the orthodontic traction after local resection of the condylar osteochondroma (OC).From November 2011 to September 2016, consecutive patients with condylar OC who underwent orthodontic extraction after local resection of the mass were reviewed. Clinical data and cone-beam computed tomography (CT) were obtained before treatment (T0), 1 week after surgery (T1), and at least 6-month follow-up after OC resection (T2). Repeated-measures analysis of variance with Bonferroni multiple-comparison test was used to compare the 3-dimensional cephalometric variables at different time points and the paired t test was used to compare changes of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) space between the 2 sides at T1 and T2...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
C M de Almeida, W L O da Rosa, C T W Meereis, S M de Almeida, J S Ribeiro, A F da Silva, Rafael Guerra Lund
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of orthodontic bonding systems containing different antimicrobial agents, as well as the influence of antimicrobial agent incorporation in the bonding properties of these materials. METHODS: Eight databases were searched: PubMed (Medline), Web of Science, Scopus, Lilacs, Ibecs, BBO, Scielo and Google Scholar. Any study that evaluated antimicrobial activity in experimental or commercial orthodontic bonding systems was included...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Orthodontics
Saman Faruqui, Mubassar Fida, Attiya Shaikh
BACKGROUND: One of the first concerns of new orthodontic patients, apart from the outcome, is the duration of treatment. A better understanding of orthodontic treatment duration as well as factors affecting the treatment duration is useful for efficient patient counselling and improved clinical practice. Hence, the objectives of this study are to compare the treatment durations of subjects with Class I and Class II division 1 (II/1) malocclusions, and to identify the factors affecting the treatment duration of these malocclusions...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Faezeh Eslamipour, Zohreh Afshari, Arash Najimi
Background: Malocclusion is a common oral health problem and can affect the psychosocial well-being in the long term. Therefore, in the recent decades, demand for orthodontic treatment to correct malocclusion has greatly increased worldwide. This systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to assess existing evidence on the prevalence of orthodontic treatment need in Iran. Materials and Methods: National and international databases were searched for articles on the prevalence of orthodontic treatment need using index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN) and dental aesthetic index (DAI)...
January 2018: Dental Research Journal
Dimitrios Konstantonis, Dimitrios Vasileiou, Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Theodore Eliades
The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effect of systematic extraction protocols during orthodontic fixed appliance treatment on the soft tissue profile of human patients. Nine databases were searched until December 2016 for controlled clinical studies including premolar extraction or nonextraction treatment. After elimination of duplicate studies, data extraction, and risk-of-bias assessment according to the Cochrane guidelines, random-effects meta-analyses of mean differences (MD) or standardized mean differences (SMD) and their 95% CIs were performed, followed by subgroup, meta-regression, and sensitivity analyses...
February 26, 2018: European Journal of Oral Sciences
Hajar Ben Mohimd, Loubna Bahije, Fatima Zaoui, Abdelali Halimi, Hicham Benyahia
INTRODUCTION: Relapse in orthodontics, and particularly, mandibular anterior crowding is an unforeseeable phenomenon and a quite embarrassing situation for the orthodontist, as it may be interpreted by the patient as a treatment failure. Relapse may be inherent to various factors (periodontal, anatomical, muscular, occlusal, residual growth, third molars development…), which must be imperatively acknowledged in order to be managed during orthodontic treatment and therefore ensure an optimal control on the stability of the achieved final outcomes...
February 22, 2018: International Orthodontics
Irma Dumbryte, Jurate Vebriene, Laura Linkeviciene, Mangirdas Malinauskas
Objectives: To evaluate and compare the enamel microcracks (EMCs) characteristics (qualitative and quantitative) in the form of tooth damage before and after debonding from human teeth of in vitro studies. Eligibility criteria: Laboratorial studies evaluating EMCs characteristics before and after debonding metal and ceramic brackets from human teeth with intact buccal enamel. Information sources: An electronic search of four databases (all databases of the Cochrane Library, CA Web of Science, MEDLINE via PubMed, and Google Scholar) and additional manual searches were carried out, without language restrictions...
February 21, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
Ho-Beom Kwon, Young-Seok Park, Jung-Suk Han
Augmentation reality technology offers virtual information in addition to that of the real environment and thus opens new possibilities in various fields. The medical applications of augmentation reality are generally concentrated on surgery types, including neurosurgery, laparoscopic surgery and plastic surgery. Augmentation reality technology is also widely used in medical education and training. In dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery is the primary area of use, where dental implant placement and orthognathic surgery are the most frequent applications...
February 21, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Rita Kamber, Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Theodore Eliades
OBJECTIVES: Aim of this systematic review was to assess the effect of orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances on the tooth color of patients. METHODS: Nine databases were searched up to May 2017 for clinical cohort studies on the effect of fixed appliance treatment on tooth color. After elimination of duplicate studies, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment according to the Cochrane guidelines, random effects meta-analyses of mean differences (MD) or means and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were performed, followed by GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) assessment of the quality of evidence...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
Faezeh Eslamipour, Zohreh Afshari, Arash Najimi
Background: The aim of this study was systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence in current and relevant literature about this developmental disorder to present the profile of malocclusion in Iran. Methods: This review study was carried out with systematically identified and critically assessed studies reporting malocclusion prevalence among Iranian population in permanent dentition. National and international databases were searched for articles about prevalence of malocclusion by Angle classification in different regions of Iran from 1994 to 2015...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Ramya Kollipara, Bridget Walker, Ashley Sturgeon
Objective: Most literature regarding lip augmentation refers to Caucasian anthropometric measurements, but ethnic differences affect facial dimensions and the evaluation of beauty. Specifically with regard to Asians and Hispanics, dermatology does not have much literature on the subject. This review investigates the differences in lip measurements and preferences of Asians and Hispanics compared with those of Caucasians. Design: A literature search of other fields, including plastic surgery, maxillofacial surgery, orthodontics, and forensic anthropology, was conducted, and relevant articles were selected that applied to the discussion of lip measurements and preferences in Asians and Hispanics...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
A P S Gil, O L Haas, I Méndez-Manjón, J Masiá-Gridilla, A Valls-Ontañón, F Hernández-Alfaro, R Guijarro-Martínez
INTRODUCTION: It has been suggested that alveolar corticotomies may accelerate tooth movement, broaden the scope of malocclusion types that can be treated orthodontically, decrease the need for extractions, and support long-term stability. Several techniques have been proposed, although the indications, ideal design and technical characteristics, potential complications, and objective clinician and patient satisfaction remain unclear. This systematic review aimed to provide scientific support to validate alveolar corticotomies as a reliable approach to accelerated orthodontics...
March 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Declan T Millett, Susan J Cunningham, Kevin D O'Brien, Philip E Benson, Cesar M de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: A Class II division 2 malocclusion is characterised by upper front teeth that are retroclined (tilted toward the roof of the mouth) and an increased overbite (deep overbite), which can cause oral problems and may affect appearance.This problem can be corrected by the use of special dental braces (functional appliances) that move the upper front teeth forward and change the growth of the upper or lower jaws, or both. Most types of functional appliances are removable and this treatment approach does not usually require extraction of any permanent teeth...
February 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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