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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908527/-historical-review-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children
#1
Y H Chien, C Guilleminault
An historical review on the discoveries on pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and sleep-disordered breathing is outlined. Starting with the description by Dickens of "Joe" the obese, snoring and sleepy individual, the authors trace more than 50 years of questions and research starting with the lean adult to the child and from the recognition of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome to the outline of upper-airway resistance syndrome. The pathophysiological knowledge on sleep-disordered breathing has evolved over time, as have treatment approaches in children, from tracheostomy to positive-airway-pressure therapy, to adenotonsillectomy with and without orthodontic treatments to oral-facial myofunctional therapy...
November 28, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907894/interventions-for-orthodontically-induced-white-spot-lesions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Damian Höchli, Monika Hersberger-Zurfluh, Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Theodore Eliades
BACKGROUND: Although orthodontic white spot lesions (WSLs) are one of the most often and most evident adverse effects of comprehensive fixed appliance treatment, the efficacy of interventions for WSLs has not yet been adequately assessed in an evidence-based manner. OBJECTIVE: Aim of this systematic review was to assess the therapeutic and adverse effects of interventions to treat post-orthodontic WSLs from randomized trials in human patients. SEARCH METHODS: An unrestricted electronic search of eight databases from inception to May 2016...
October 17, 2016: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901199/effects-of-chlorhexidine-varnish-on-caries-during-orthodontic-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Elaine Machado Pingueiro Okada, Larissa Nogueira Soares Ribeiro, Maria Bernadete Sasso Stuani, Maria Cristina Borsatto, Tatiana Kelly da Silva Fidalgo, Francisco Wanderley Garcia de Paula-Silva, Erika Calvano Küchler
This study aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of chlorhexidine varnish on the reduction of caries incidence during fixed orthodontic treatment. The literature searches involved The Cochrane Library, Medline, Scopus, OpenSigle databases and manual searches. The search on OpenSigle did not produce any additional articles. Clinical studies conducted in patients with orthodontic fixed appliances that used professional application of chlorhexidine varnish were included...
November 28, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895346/association-between-hypodontia-and-angles-malocclusion
#4
Batool Ali, Syed Sheeraz Hussain
This study was planned to determine the prevalence of hypodontia in permanent dentition and to test whether an association was present between hypodontia and Angle's malocclusion. The retrospective study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital, Karachi, and comprised record of all patients visiting the orthodontic clinics of the hospital from 2005 to 2015. Orthodontic records of 790(79%) subjects, including 189(23.9%) males and 601(76.1%) females, were reviewed. Their mean age was 17 ± 5.06 years. A tooth was considered missing if no evidence of tooth germ was observed on orthopantomograms and dental casts...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893967/does-orthodontic-extraction-treatment-improve-the-angular-position-of-third-molars-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Christos Livas, Konstantina Delli
PURPOSE: To systematically assess the available evidence on the effect of orthodontic extractions on third molar (M3) angulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three databases were searched up to April 25, 2016 to identify orthodontic studies comparing M3 angular changes in patients with and without extraction. Information on methodology, treatment procedures, and outcome was retrieved from each study. Assessment of overall and individual quality of the included studies was performed using validated criteria...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891491/mri-in-dentistry-a-future-towards-radiation-free-imaging-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Lav Kumar Niraj, Basavaraj Patthi, Ashish Singla, Ritu Gupta, Irfan Ali, Kuldeep Dhama, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, Monika Prasad
INTRODUCTION: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), being a technique with huge potential, has become the primary diagnostic investigation for many clinical problems. Its application now has been successfully used in dentistry to maximize the diagnostic certainty. AIM: The present review aims to analyze the applicability, feasibility and efficacy of MRI in the field of dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was performed in main databases like Pub Med Central, Cochrane Library, Embase and Google Scholar from 1970 up to December 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879598/alveolar-bone-grafting-and-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-review
#7
E Hope Weissler, Kaitlyn M Paine, Mairaj K Ahmed, Peter J Taub
Alveolar bone grafting in the mixed dentition stage is an accepted step in the management of cleft alveoli, providing maxillary arch support for dentition and mastication. Points of contention regarding best practices remain, including specific timing, perioperative orthodontic management, bone harvest and substitutes, pain management, and outcomes evaluations. SCOPUS and MEDLINE were searched for articles about alveolar bone grafting, which were read independently by two authors and selected for inclusion on the basis of relevance and merit...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871255/root-resorption-during-orthodontic-treatment-with-self-ligating-or-conventional-brackets-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Jianru Yi, Meile Li, Yu Li, Xiaobing Li, Zhihe Zhao
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the external apical root resorption (EARR) in patients receiving fixed orthodontic treatment with self-ligating or conventional brackets. METHODS: Studies comparing the EARR between orthodontic patients using self-ligating or conventional brackets were identified through electronic search in databases including CENTRAL, PubMed, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and SIGLE, and manual search in relevant journals and reference lists of the included studies until Apr 2016...
November 21, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868202/the-potential-risks-of-orthodontic-therapy-a-critical-review-and-conceptual-framework
#9
REVIEW
Morgan Wishney
The review examines some of the potential risks of orthodontic therapy along with their evidence base. The risks of orthodontic treatment include periodontal damage, pain, root resorption, tooth devitalisation, temporomandibular disorder, caries, speech problems and enamel damage. These risks can be understood to arise from a synergy between treatment and patient factors. In general terms, treatment factors that can influence risk include appliance type, force vectors and duration of treatment whilst relevant patient factors are both biological and behavioral...
November 21, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867065/condylar-resorptions-and-orthodontic-surgical-treatment-state-of-the-art
#10
Joël Ferri, Romain Nicot, Jean-Michel Maes, Gwénael Raoul, Ludovic Lauwers
Resorption of the mandibular condyle [RMC] is a disease of the temporomandibular joints, with multifactorial origins. The clinical manifestations take the form essentially of joint pain and occlusal disorders, depending on the rate at which the condyle is affected. X-ray imaging shows that the condyle is reduced in volume, flattened and displaced backwards, with loss of cortical substance in advanced forms. The aim of this article is to recall some pathophysiological features and then to review all the diagnostic and etiological factors and discuss possible modes of management...
November 17, 2016: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856373/a-systematic-study-of-the-release-of-bisphenol-a-by-orthodontic-materials-and-its-biological-effects
#11
Abdelali Halimi, Hicham Benyahia, Loubna Bahije, Hanane Adli, Mohamed-Faouzi Azeroual, Fatima Zaoui
INTRODUCTION: Bisphenol A (BPA) is a synthetic chemical substance used as a starting ingredient in the manufacturing process of a number or orthodontic materials. It is a well-known endocrine disruptor with low estrogenic properties. The aim of this investigation is to present a systematic review regarding the issue of bisphenol A release by orthodontic materials and its impact in orthodontics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic analysis was performed by electronic search (between 1936 and 2015) on several data bases...
November 14, 2016: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812892/the-effect-of-premature-extraction-of-primary-teeth-on-the-subsequent-need-for-orthodontic-treatment
#12
REVIEW
N Bhujel, M S Duggal, P Saini, P F Day
AIM: This was primarily to examine the effect of premature extraction of primary teeth (PEPT) on subsequent malocclusion and need for orthodontic treatment in the permanent dentition. The secondary aim was to correlate the effect of PEPT with loss of space in the primary and mixed dentitions. METHODS: A predefined protocol was developed and registered prospectively with PROSPERO database. The electronic databases, searched, were MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
November 3, 2016: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811065/cellular-and-molecular-pathways-leading-to-external-root-resorption
#13
REVIEW
A Iglesias-Linares, J K Hartsfield
External apical root resorption during orthodontic treatment implicates specific molecular pathways that orchestrate nonphysiologic cellular activation. To date, a substantial number of in vitro and in vivo molecular, genomic, and proteomic studies have supplied data that provide new insights into root resorption. Recent mechanisms and developments reviewed here include the role of the cellular component-specifically, the balance of CD68(+), iNOS(+) M1- and CD68(+), CD163(+) M2-like macrophages associated with root resorption and root surface repair processes linked to the expression of the M1-associated proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor, inducible nitric oxide synthase, the M1 activator interferon γ, the M2 activator interleukin 4, and M2-associated anti-inflammatory interleukin 10 and arginase I...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805872/orthodontic-traction-of-a-transmigrated-mandibular-canine-using-mini-implant-a-case-report-and-review
#14
Sonia Patricia Plaza
The patient in this case is an 11-year-old girl, whose mandibular left canine was transmigrated. The traction to the arch was assisted by using a temporary skeletal anchorage device. After 5 months of poor response to traction, the biomechanics were re-adjusted, obtaining effective traction in to the arch in 12 months. After this period, the treatment was completed with fixed orthodontic appliances.
December 2016: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793705/is-resin-infiltration-an-effective-esthetic-treatment-for-enamel-development-defects-and-white-spot-lesions-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
A B Borges, T M F Caneppele, D Masterson, L C Maia
OBJECTIVES: To determine if resin infiltration is an effective treatment for improving the esthetic appearance of tooth discoloration resulting from development defects of enamel (EDD) and white spot lesions (WSL) by means of a systematic review. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO Library, Cochrane Library, and SIGLE, as well as in the abstracts of IADR conference, and in the clinical trials registry...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782855/erratum-to-barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-implementation-of-orthodontic-mini-implants-in-clinical-practice-a-systematic-review
#16
Reint Meursinge Reynders, Laura Ronchi, Luisa Ladu, Nicola Di Girolamo, Jan de Lange, Nia Roberts, Sharon Mickan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779317/adhesives-for-fixed-orthodontic-bands
#17
REVIEW
Declan T Millett, Anne-Marie Glenny, Rye Cr Mattick, Joy Hickman, Nicky A Mandall
BACKGROUND: Orthodontic treatment involves using fixed or removable appliances (dental braces) to correct the positions of teeth. It has been shown that the quality of treatment result obtained with fixed appliances is much better than with removable appliances. Fixed appliances are, therefore, favoured by most orthodontists for treatment. The success of a fixed orthodontic appliance depends on the metal attachments (brackets and bands) being attached securely to the teeth so that they do not become loose during treatment...
October 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771001/esthetic-perception-of-changes-in-facial-profile-resulting-from-orthodontic-treatment-with-extraction-of-premolars-a-systematic-review
#18
Walter Iared, Edina Mariko Koga da Silva, Wagner Iared, Cristiane Rufino Macedo
BACKGROUND: The authors conducted a systematic review to assess changes in patients' facial profiles resulting from orthodontic treatment with and without extraction of 4 premolars and to identify cephalometric parameters that can assist decision making in borderline cases. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors conducted a systematic review of randomized clinical trials and observational studies comparing the 2 types of treatment (with and without premolar extraction) in terms of the changes in facial profile...
October 19, 2016: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767108/a-systematic-appraisal-of-the-evidence-based-dentistry-journal
#19
Nikisha Mehta, Zoe Marshman
BackgroundThis systematic appraisal was conducted to determine if the Evidence-Based Dentistry Journal (EBDJ) acts as a reliable and contemporary source of knowledge for practitioners across all disciplines within dentistry.ObjectivesThe main objectives were to determine i) the year the articles were published and included in the EBDJ; ii) if the articles published covered all fields equally within dentistry; iii) the type of study design of the articles reported in the journal and; iv) the level of expertise of the writers of the commentaries...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747652/occlusal-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-congenitally-missing-teeth-dental-implants-conventional-prosthetics-tooth-autotransplants-and-preservation-of-deciduous-teeth-a-systematic-review
#20
Hendrik Terheyden, Falk Wüsthoff
BACKGROUND: Implant patients with congenitally missing teeth share some common charateristics and deserve special attention. METHODS: The PICO question was "In patients with congenitally missing teeth, does an early occlusal rehabilitation with dental implants in comparison to tooth autotransplants, conventional prosthetics on teeth or preservation of deciduous teeth have better general outcomes in terms of survival, success and better patient centered outcomes in terms of quality of life, self-esteem, satisfaction, chewing function?" After electronic database search, a total of 63 relevant studies were eligible, of which 42 qualified for numerical data synthesis, 26 being retrospective studies...
December 2015: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
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