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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206881/loss-of-permanent-first-molars-in-the-mixed-dentition-circumstances-resulting-in-extraction-and-requiring-orthodontic-management
#1
Kavita R Mathu-Muju, David B Kennedy
Extraction of significantly compromised permanent first molars may be indicated during the mixed dentition stage of occlusal development. The purpose of this article was to review circumstances that can result in the loss of a permanent first molar-including dental caries, molar incisor hypomineralization, eruption disturbances of permanent teeth, and failure of restorative treatment to affirm that a complete dental arch is not necessary for the existence of a functional dental arch. The extraction of permanent first molar(s) with subsequent orthodontic treatment in a young patient can be considered a cost-effective alternative to placing complex restorations that require replacement over the lifespan...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149476/torque-expression-in-self-ligating-orthodontic-brackets-and-conventionally-ligated-brackets-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Yousef Al-Thomali, Roshan-Noor Mohamed, Sakeenabi Basha
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the torque expression of self ligating (SL) orthodontic brackets and conventionally ligated brackets and the torque expression in active and passive SL brackets. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our systematic search included MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychINFO, Scopus, and key journals and review articles; the date of the last search was April 4th 2016. We graded the methodological quality of the studies by means of the Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies, developed for the Effective Public Health Practice Project (EPHPP)...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148703/addressing-adolescent-oral-health-a-review
#3
Hugh Silk, Amy Kwok
Oral health is one of the most unmet health care needs of adolescents. Oral disease can have a profound effect on overall health, including pain, missed school, heart disease, and even death. Adolescents have specific needs pertaining to oral health in addition to the usual lifelong issues of caries management, sports injury prevention, and dental referrals. Teen years are a higher risk time for oral piercings, increased sugar intake, nicotine initiation, and orthodontic considerations. Adolescents need a unique approach to motivate them about their oral health issues...
February 2017: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140667/incidence-of-palatal-fistula-at-time-of-secondary-alveolar-cleft-reconstruction
#4
Vikram A Shankar, Alison Snyder-Warwick, Gary B Skolnick, Albert S Woo, Kamlesh B Patel
OBJECTIVE:   We aim to establish consistent time points for evaluating palatal fistula incidence to standardize reporting practices and clarify prospective literature. DESIGN:   An institutional retrospective chart review was conducted on 76 patients with unilateral or bilateral complete cleft lip and palate who underwent secondary alveolar bone grafting between 2006 and 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:   Early fistula incidence rates were reported prior to maxillary expansion, and late fistula rates were reported at the time of alveolar bone grafting...
January 31, 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133716/influence-of-uncontrolled-diabetes-mellitus-on-periodontal-tissues-during-orthodontic-tooth-movement-a-systematic-review-of-animal-studies
#5
REVIEW
Shariq Najeeb, Fahad Siddiqui, Saad Bin Qasim, Zohaib Khurshid, Sana Zohaib, Muhammad Sohail Zafar
Diabetes mellitus (DM) may adversely affect periodontal tissues during orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). The aim of this review is to systematically analyze and review animal studies investigating the effect of DM on periodontal tissues during OTM. An electronic search was conducted via PubMed/Medline, Google Scholar, Embase, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CONTROL) using the keywords "diabetes," "orthodontics," and "tooth movement" for studies published between January 2000 and August 2016...
December 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131611/orthodontic-aligners-and-root-resorption-a-systematic-review
#6
Rajae Elhaddaoui, Halima Saadia Qoraich, Loubna Bahije, Fatima Zaoui
INTRODUCTION: Root resorption is one of the leading problems in orthodontic treatment. Most earlier studies have assessed the incidence and severity of root resorption following orthodontic treatment using fixed appliances as well as associated factors. However, few studies have assessed these parameters in the context of orthodontic treatment using thermoplastic splints or aligners. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the incidence and severity of root resorption following orthodontic treatment using aligners and associated factors...
January 25, 2017: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127013/can-intravenous-conscious-sedation-with-midazolam-be-effective-at-facilitating-surgical-dentistry-in-adolescent-orthodontic-patients-a-service-evaluation
#7
A J Stamp, M L Dorman, C R Vernazza, G Deeming, C Reid, K E Wilson, N M Girdler
Background Surgical dentistry during orthodontic care often occurs in adolescence and may involve surgical removal or exposure of teeth. The invasive nature of treatment, combined with dental anxiety, means care can often be provided under general anaesthesia (GA). Best-practice guidelines however endorse conscious sedation as an alternative, where appropriate. Although a limited number of studies have shown safe and effective use of intravenous conscious sedation (IVCS) with midazolam in this cohort, robust evidence to support routine use is lacking...
January 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118778/a-systematic-review-of-the-research-evidence-for-the-benefits-of-teledentistry
#8
Mohamed Estai, Yogesan Kanagasingam, Marc Tennant, Stuart Bunt
Objective This review is designed to inform future decisions about the benefits of integrating teledentistry into routine health services, by presenting an overview of the evidence for the effectiveness and economic impact of teledentistry. Methods Two reviewers searched PubMed, EMBASE and CINAHL databases through November 2016 to identify published peer-reviewed studies in English. Teledentistry studies were included if they were; (a) controlled (randomised or non-randomised) assessment studies; and (b) compared outcomes of a teledentistry intervention in terms of clinical or economic evaluation with the outcomes of traditional clinical alternatives...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107130/the-use-of-miniscrews-in-orthodontics-a-review-of-selected-clinical-applications
#9
Eliakim Mizrahi
This paper provides a brief review of the history and development of mini screws and presents its structural features, with particular reference to the screw sizes relevant to clinical orthodontics, site selection and the different placement techniques. It covers the clinical applications of miniscrews, incorporating the principle of direct and indirect anchorage as well as the use of intraoral auxiliaries for distal movement of molars. The role of palatal miniscrews for retraction of anterior teeth, and when used in combination with buccal miniscrews for intrusion of buccal teeth is also covered along with the possible causes of miniscrew failure...
November 1, 2016: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098566/comprehensive-surgical-orthodontic-treatment-of-class-iii-malocclusion-in-cleft-patient-involving-minimally-invasive-surgery-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Goran Stojkovic, Miodrag Stojkovic, Jasna Stojkovic, Dejan Nikolic, Zoran Stajcic
AIM: Surgical and orthodontic treatment of a teenage cleft patient. CASE REPORT: Authors describe the case of a 13 year old female cleft patient presented with class III malocclusion RESULT: The patient underwent comprehensive surgical secondary bone grafting and orthodontic treatment. Stable skeletal and occlusal class I relationship was achived and maintained in the post treatment observation period till the age of 16. DISCUSSION: Although several authors suggests primary gingivoperiosteoplasty, other advocates that such early intervention can cause later restrictions in maxillary growth...
December 19, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094563/dental-arch-relationships-and-reverse-headgear-effects-in-southern-chinese-patients-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-retrospective-study
#11
Yang Rafidah Hassan, Kwan Lok Tse, Balvinder Singh Khambay, Wing Kit Wong, Min Gu, Yanqi Yang
OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate the severity of the dental arch relationships and the treatment outcomes of reverse headgear (RHG) in southern Chinese patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). DESIGN:   A retrospective study. SETTING:   Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong. PATIENTS:   Thirty-eight UCLP patients with complete records. Among them, 14 were later treated with RHG (RHG group) and 24 were under review (non-RHG group) before definitive orthodontic or in conjunction with orthognathic surgery...
January 17, 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062177/maxillomandibular-advancement-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-treatment-long-term-results
#12
Aurélie Vigneron, Renaud Tamisier, Emmanuelle Orset, Jean-Louis Pepin, Georges Bettega
PURPOSE: We evaluated the long term effectiveness of maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) for OSAS treatment patients. This retrospective study reviewed the patients treated by MMA for OSAS between 1995 and 2009. They were evaluated by complete polysomnography, cephalometry and quality of life questionnaire. The minimum follow up was 3 years. Success rate was defined by an IAH <10 with at least a 50% reduction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 88 patients had MMA during this period...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056872/a-limb-girdle-myopathy-phenotype-of-runx2-mutation-in-a-patient-with-cleidocranial-dysplasia-a-case-study-and-literature-review
#13
Sung-Ju Hsueh, Ni-Chung Lee, Shu-Hua Yang, Han-I Lin, Chin-Hsien Lin
BACKGROUND: Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a rare hereditary disorder that arises from heterozygous loss of function mutations in the runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) gene. As RUNX2 is mainly expressed in osteoblasts, CCD typically affects the skeletal and dental systems. Few studies have investigated RUNX2 mutation effects on non-skeletal systems. Here, we describe limb-girdle myopathy, an uncommon phenotype of CCD, in a patient with a heterozygous missense mutation (p.R225Q) in the RUNX2 gene...
January 6, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054789/corticotomy-accelerated-orthodontics-a-comprehensive-review-and-update
#14
Nouf Zimmo, Muhammad H A Saleh, George A Mandelaris, Hsun-Liang Chan, Hom-Lay Wang
Of all the modalities reported to decrease orthodontic treatment time, corticotomy-accelerated orthodontics (CAO) is the only evidence-based approach. The aim of this article is to critically review the available evidence and to summarize the pros and cons of CAO. Articles published in the last 15 years related to CAO were screened and critically assessed. Based on the literature, CAO results in acceleration of the orthodontic treatment rate as much as three times on average, in addition to many benefits not commonly recognized by the profession or reported in the literature...
January 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035303/the-effects-of-impacted-premaxillary-supernumerary-teeth-on-permanent-incisors
#15
Yun-Hoa Jung, Ji-Yeon Kim, Bong-Hae Cho
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the radiographic features associated with impacted premaxillary supernumerary teeth, to determine the relationship between their characteristics and their effects on permanent incisors, and to investigate the types of orthodontic treatment that patients received after the extraction of impacted supernumerary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical records and radiographs of 193 patients whose impacted premaxillary supernumerary teeth were removed were retrospectively reviewed, and 241 impacted supernumerary teeth were examined...
December 2016: Imaging Science in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035300/review-of-common-conditions-associated-with-periodontal-ligament-widening
#16
REVIEW
Hamed Mortazavi, Maryam Baharvand
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to review a group of lesions associated with periodontal ligament (PDL) widening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search was performed using specialized databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, PubMed Central, Science Direct, and Scopus to find relevant studies by using keywords such as "periodontium", "periodontal ligament", "periodontal ligament space", "widened periodontal ligament", and "periodontal ligament widening"...
December 2016: Imaging Science in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024779/early-orthodontic-treatment-for-class-iii-malocclusion-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
See Choong Woon, Badri Thiruvenkatachari
INTRODUCTION: Class III malocclusion affects between 5% and 15% of our population. The 2 most common dilemmas surrounding Class III treatment are the timing of treatment and the type of appliance. A number of appliances have been used to correct a Class III skeletal discrepancy, but there is little evidence available on their effectiveness in the long term. Similarly, early treatment of Class III malocclusion has been practiced with increasing interest. However, there has been no solid evidence on the benefits in the long term...
January 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009052/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-alleviating-pain-during-orthodontic-treatment
#18
REVIEW
Padhraig S Fleming, Hardus Strydom, Christos Katsaros, Lci MacDonald, Michele Curatolo, Piotr Fudalej, Nikolaos Pandis
BACKGROUND: Pain is prevalent during orthodontics, particularly during the early stages of treatment. To ensure patient comfort and compliance during treatment, the prevention or management of pain is of major importance. While pharmacological means are the first line of treatment for alleviation of orthodontic pain, a range of non-pharmacological approaches have been proposed recently as viable alternatives. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of non-pharmacological interventions to alleviate pain associated with orthodontic treatment...
23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999121/reliability-of-upper-pharyngeal-airway-assessment-using-dental-cbct-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Jason N Zimmerman, Janson Lee, Benjamin T Pliska
BACKGROUND: Upper airway analysis is an often-cited use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging in orthodontics. However, the reliability of this process in a clinical setting is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to systematically review the literature to evaluate the reliability of upper pharyngeal airway assessment using dental CBCT. SEARCH METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Google Scholar were searched through June 2015...
December 20, 2016: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980339/no-confidence-that-success-rates-of-self-drilling-and-self-tapping-insertion-techniques-of-orthodontic-mini-implants-are-similar
#20
Reint Meursinge Reynders, Giorgio Cacciatore
Data sourcesMedline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and SIGLE.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials(RCTs), clinical controlled trials (CCTs) and cohort studies that assessed the success/failure rates of self-drilling and self-tapping mini-screws for orthodontic anchorage were considered.Data extraction and synthesisData was abstracted and assessed for quality by two reviewers independently. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS) was used to evaluate the methodological quality...
December 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
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