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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531377/following-surgically-assisted-rapid-palatal-expansion-do-tooth-borne-or-bone-borne-appliances-provide-more-skeletal-expansion-and-dental-expansion
#1
Adrien Hamedi-Sangsari, Zahra Chinipardaz, Lee Carrasco
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare outcome measurements of skeletal and dental expansion with bone-borne (BB) versus tooth-borne (TB) appliances after surgically assisted rapid palatal expansion (SARPE). This study was performed to provide quantitative measurements that will help the oral surgeon and orthodontist in selecting the appliance with, on average, the greatest amount of skeletal expansion and the least amount of dental expansion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A computerized database search was performed using PubMed, EBSCO, Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar on publications in reputable oral surgery and orthodontic journals...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513527/management-of-pediatric-mandibular-fracture-using-orthodontic-vacuum-formed-thermoplastic-splint-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#2
O O Sanu, Aos Ayodele, M O Akeredolu
Fractures of the mandible are relatively less frequent in children when compared to adults. The anatomic features of children are protected. Children have a higher adaptation to maxillofacial fractures compared to adults. Treatment principles of mandibular fractures in children differ from that of adults due to concerns regarding mandibular growth and the developing dentition. A case of a 6-year-old boy with fractured mandibular symphysis managed by closed reduction using a vacuum formed thermoplastic splint and circummandibular wiring is presented...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511529/orthodontic-therapy-for-paediatric-cancer-survivors-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Sumita Mishra
The paper aims at reviewing the possibilities of orthodontic therapy for paediatric cancer survivors. It is important to understand the fundamental disease, it's treatment protocols, effects on growing skeleton, dental development, oral cavity and oral mucosa, dental caries, bone, orthodontic tooth movement.
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511093/hypoxia-based-strategies-for-regenerative-dentistry-views-from-the-different-dental-fields
#4
REVIEW
Anna Sonja Müller, Klara Janjić, Bledar Lilaj, Michael Edelmayer, Hermann Agis
The understanding of the cell biological processes underlying development and regeneration of oral tissues leads to novel regenerative approaches. Over the past years, knowledge on key roles of the hypoxia-based response has become more profound. Based on these findings, novel regenerative approaches for dentistry are emerging, which target cellular oxygen sensors. These approaches include hypoxia pre-conditioning and pharmacologically simulated hypoxia. The increase in studies on hypoxia and hypoxia-based strategies in regenerative dentistry highlights the growing attention to hypoxia's role in regeneration and its underlying biology, as well as its application in a therapeutic setting...
April 26, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509563/the-adjunctive-soft-tissue-diode-laser-in-orthodontics
#5
Ali Borzabadi-Farahani
Lasers are a relatively new addition to the orthodontist's armamentarium. This article reviews the fundamental basic science of available soft-tissue lasers, with an emphasis on diode lasers, and discusses various adjunct applications of the diode laser for soft-tissue orthodontic procedures. Diode lasers function by cutting with an initiated hot tip and produce minimal to no interaction with healthy dental hard tissue, making them suitable for soft-tissue procedures. The contact cutting mode provides enhanced bloodless site visibility and facility to perform delicate soft tissue procedures, which is important in areas with difficult access...
April 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501052/self-ligating-brackets-may-not-have-clinical-advantages-over-conventional-brackets-for-the-periodontal-health-of-adolescent-orthodontic-patients
#6
Kyungsup Shin
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: The effect of bracket ligation on the periodontal status of adolescents undergoing orthodontic treatment. A systematic review and meta-analysis. Arnold S, Koletsi D, Patcas R, Eliades T. J Dent 2016; 54:13-24. SOURCE OF FUNDING: The authors did not report any funding source information for the study TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis of data.
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496240/beyond-onj-a-review-of-the-potential-uses-of-bisphosphonates-in-dentistry
#7
N P Shah, S Nayee, M Pazianas, C Sproat
There is evidence, although limited, for beneficial effects of bisphophonates (BPs) across multiple dental specialties. Within implant dentistry BP coatings have been shown to significantly increase pull out forces and bone density in animal models, and significantly increase implant stability whilst reducing marginal bone loss in humans. Adjunctive topical and systemic application of BPs during conventional periodontal treatment have shown significant improvements in probing depth and clinical attachment level in various forms of periodontal disease...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496230/invasive-cervical-resorption-and-the-oro-facial-cleft-patient-a-review-and-case-series
#8
A O'Mahony, C McNamara, A Ireland, J Sandy, J Puryer
Introduction Invasive cervical resorption (ICR) has an unknown aetiology, yet it exhibits very aggressive behaviour compared with typical external root resorption, posing a high risk of tooth loss.Aim To investigate the number of patients at the Dublin Cleft Prosthodontic Department with an oro-facial cleft who experienced ICR and to identify any possible aetiological factors.Materials and method A retrospective investigation of all oro-facial cleft patients treated at the Dublin Cleft Prosthodontic Department, St James's Hospital, Dublin...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486682/do-different-maxillary-expansion-appliances-influence-the-outcomes-of-the-treatment
#9
Muteb Algharbi, Farhan Bazargani, Lillemor Dimberg
Background and objectives: There is no consensus in the literature regarding which rapid maxillary expansion (RME) design or activation rate benefits the patients the most. Therefore, the primary aim of this systematic review was to see whether there is a difference in the skeletal and dentoalveolar effects of different RME appliances in children and growing adolescents. The secondary aim was to see whether these effects are different when using different activation protocols for these appliances...
May 9, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486586/open-versus-closed-surgical-exposure-of-palatally-impacted-maxillary-canines-comparison-of-the-different-treatment-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#10
Dimitrios Sampaziotis, Ioannis A Tsolakis, Elias Bitsanis, Apostolos I Tsolakis
Objective: This study aims to compare the effectiveness of two different canine exposure techniques (open and closed) regarding periodontal outcomes, duration of surgical treatment and canine's eruption, patient's inconvenience, aesthetics, and orthodontic treatment complications. Search methods: Electronic database searches of published and unpublished literature were performed. The reference lists of eligible studies were hand searched for additional studies. Selection criteria: Randomized clinical trials (RCTs), quasi-randomized clinical trials (Q-RCTs) and non-randomized trials of prospective and retrospective design with patients of any age that compared group with palatally impacted canines treated by open exposure to a similar group treated by closed exposure technique were selected...
May 9, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472259/speech-and-orthodontic-appliances-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
Junyu Chen, Jia Wan, Lun You
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469115/the-cell-biology-and-role-of-resorptive-cells-in-diseases-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Prashant Babaji, Raghu Devanna, Kiran Jagtap, Vishwajit Rampratap Chaurasia, Jeethu John Jerry, Basanta Kumar Choudhury, Dinesh Duhan
Resorptive cells are responsible for the resorption of mineralized matrix of hard tissues. Bone-resorbing cells are called osteoclasts; however, they can resorb mineralized dental tissues or calcified cartilage and then they are called odontoclasts and chondroclasts, respectively. Resorptive cells form when mononuclear precursors derived from a monocyte-macrophage cell lineage are attracted to certain mineralized surfaces and subsequently fuse and adhere onto them for exerting their resorbing activity. These cells are responsible for degradation of calcified extracellular matrix composed of organic molecules and hydroxyapatite...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459243/nanotechnology-in-dentistry-clinical-applications-benefits-and-hazards
#13
Govind Shashirekha, Amit Jena, Satyajit Mohapatra
Nanotechnology is emerging as an interdisciplinary field that is undergoing rapid development and has brought about enormous changes in medicine and dentistry. Nanomaterial-based design is able to mimic some of the mechanical and structural properties of native tissue and can promote biointegration. Nanotechnology has various applications in dentistry, including dentition renaturalization, therapy for dentin hypersensitivity, complete orthodontic realignment in a single visit, covalently bonding diamondized enamel, enhancing properties of root canal sealers, and continuous oral health maintenance using mechanical dentifrobots...
May 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447324/craniofacial-morphology-and-dental-maturity-in-children-with-reduced-somatic-growth-of-different-aetiology-and-the-effect-of-growth-hormone-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Sotiria Davidopoulou, Athina Chatzigianni
Children with reduced somatic growth may present various endocrinal diseases, especially growth hormone deficiency (GHD), idiopathic short stature (ISS), chromosomal aberrations, or genetic disorders. In an attempt to normalize the short stature, growth hormone (GH) is administered to these children. The aim of this literature review was to collect information about the craniofacial morphology and dental maturity in these children and to present the existing knowledge on the effect of GH treatment on the above structures...
December 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431477/duration-of-orthognathic-surgical-treatment
#15
Jaakko Paunonen, Mika Helminen, Timo Peltomäki
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the duration of orthognathic-surgical treatment conducted with conventional pre- and post-surgical orthodontic treatment phases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study material was comprised of the files of 185 consecutive patients treated in Oral and Maxillofacial Unit, Tampere University Hospital, Finland, in 2007-2014. The files were reviewed and the following data was obtained: gender and age of patients, ICD-10 diagnosis, type of malocclusion, duration of pre- and post-surgical orthodontic treatment and type of operation...
July 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429956/efficacy-of-piezocision-on-accelerating-orthodontic-tooth-movement-a-systematic-review
#16
Jianru Yi, Jiani Xiao, Yu Li, Xiaobing Li, Zhihe Zhao
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effect of piezocision as an adjunctive procedure to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trials and controlled clinical trials that investigated the effectiveness of piezocision on accelerating orthodontic tooth movement were identified through electronic and manual searches. The literature search, study inclusion, risk of bias assessment, and data extraction were performed by two reviewers independently...
April 21, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429487/effect-of-orthodontic-treatment-on-the-periodontal-tissues
#17
REVIEW
Joseph S Antoun, Li Mei, Kelsi Gibbs, Mauro Farella
Reduced periodontal support is a challenge that clinicians often face during rehabilitation of compromised dentition. The close and intricate relationship between the periodontal tissues and the processes of tooth movement suggest that adjunct orthodontic therapy may play an important role in overcoming these problems. On the other hand, excessive movement of teeth beyond the anatomic boundaries of the alveolar process is commonly believed to contribute to further destruction of the periodontal tissues. This review evaluates the clinical effects of various orthodontic tooth movements on the surrounding periodontal soft tissues and alveolar bone...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414872/a-scoping-review-of-outcomes-related-to-orthodontic-treatment-measured-in-cleft-lip-and-palate
#18
REVIEW
A Tsichlaki, K O'Brien, A Johal, P S Fleming
The aim of this study was to identify and summarize the outcomes measured in orthodontic studies of children with cleft lip and/or palate. The objectives were to categorize the outcomes into pre-determined domains and to explore whether any domains were under-represented. Electronic databases and grey literature were searched until December 2016 to identify all studies of orthodontic treatment interventions in children and adolescents with cleft lip and palate. Abstracts and subsequently eligible full-text articles were screened independently and in duplicate by two reviewers...
May 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397082/treatment-effects-of-various-prescriptions-and-techniques-for-fixed-orthodontic-appliances-a-systematic-review
#19
Sophia Mousoulea, Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Theodore Eliades
PURPOSE: Although several prescriptions and techniques exist for comprehensive fixed appliance treatment, their treatment effects have not yet been adequately assessed in an evidence-based manner. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the therapeutic and adverse effects of various prescriptions or techniques for orthodontic appliances from randomized clinical trials on human patients. METHODS: Eight databases were searched up to July 2016 for randomized trials assessing any orthodontic prescriptions or techniques in human patients...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392812/pubmed-indexed-dental-publications-from-iran-a-scientometric-study
#20
Saeed Asgary, Sedigheh Sabbagh, Alireza Sarraf Shirazi, Maryam Ahmadyar, Arash Shahravan, Mohammad Sadegh Ahmad Akhoundi
OBJECTIVES: Scientometric methods and the resulting citations have been applied to investigate the scientific performance of a nation. The present study was designed to collect the statistical information of dental articles by Iranian authors published in PubMed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the PubMed database for dental articles of Iranian authors until June 31, 2015. All abstracts were manually reviewed in order to exclude false retrievals. The number of articles per dental subspecialties, distribution of research designs, Scopus/Google Scholar citation of each article, number of authors and affiliation of the first/corresponding author were extracted and transferred to Microsoft Excel...
June 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
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