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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088514/assessing-the-feasibility-acceptability-and-potential-effectiveness-of-an-integrated-approach-to-smoking-cessation-for-new-and-expectant-fathers-the-dads-in-gear-study-protocol
#1
Joan L Bottorff, John L Oliffe, Gayl Sarbit, Cristina Caperchione, Marianne Clark, Anima Anand, Kym Howay
BACKGROUND: Evidence related to the effects of tobacco exposure in pregnancy and on infant and child health have focused on women's smoking cessation. Less often addressed is men's smoking, which when continued in fatherhood, reduces the chances of female partners' cessation and can negatively impact children's health as well as men's health. Dads in Gear (DIG) is an innovative program designed specifically for new fathers who want to reduce and quit smoking that includes three components: smoking cessation, fathering, and physical activity...
January 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088259/integration-for-coexistence-implementation-of-intercultural-health-care-policy-in-ghana-from-the-perspective-of-service-users-and-providers
#2
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Adjoa Afriyie Poku, Simon Boateng, Padmore Adusei Amoah, Alhassan Abdul Mumin, Jacob Obodai, Williams Agyemang-Duah
OBJECTIVE: In spite of the World Health Organization's recommendations over the past decades, Ghana features pluralistic rather than truly integrated medical system. Policies about the integration of complementary medicine into the national health care delivery system need to account for individual-level involvement and cultural acceptability of care rendered by health care providers. Studies in Ghana, however, have glossed over the standpoint of the persons of the illness episode about the intercultural health care policy framework...
January 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088211/innovation-contests-to-promote-sexual-health-in-china-a-qualitative-evaluation
#3
Wei Zhang, David Schaffer, Lai Sze Tso, Songyuan Tang, Weiming Tang, Shujie Huang, Bin Yang, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Innovation contests call on non-experts to help solve problems. While these contests have been used extensively in the private sector to increase engagement between organizations and clients, there is little data on the role of innovation contests to promote health campaigns. We implemented an innovation contest in China to increase sexual health awareness among youth and evaluated community engagement in the contest. METHODS: The sexual health image contest consisted of an open call for sexual health images, contest promotion activities, judging of entries, and celebrating contributions...
January 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088178/health-related-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-in-functionally-independent-older-people
#4
Mónica Machón, Isabel Larrañaga, Miren Dorronsoro, Kalliopi Vrotsou, Itziar Vergara
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQL) is a key indicator of elderly people's health status that can be affected by different factors. However, little is known about which variables are associated with it in functionally independent elderly people. The aim of this project was to study HRQL and a wide variety of health, lifestyle, social and contextual aspects and their relation to HRQL in a sample of functionally independent, non-cognitively impaired community-dwelling adults, over 65 years of age, from a northern region of Spain...
January 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087794/bouncing-back-resilience-and-mastery-among-hiv-positive-older-gay-and-bisexual-men
#5
Charles A Emlet, Chengshi Shiu, Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Adults with HIV infection are living into old age. It is critical we investigate positive constructs such as resilience and mastery to determine factors associated with psychological well-being. We examine HIV-related factors, adverse conditions, and psychosocial characteristics that are associated with resilience (the ability to bounce back) and mastery (sense of self-efficacy). DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed 2014 data from the longitudinal study Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS), focusing on a subsample of 335 gay and bisexual older men...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087268/a-review-of-effective-youth-engagement-strategies-for-mental-health-and-substance-use-interventions
#6
REVIEW
Tom Dunne, Lisa Bishop, Susan Avery, Stephen Darcy
The majority of adult mental health and substance use (MH&SU) conditions emerge in adolescence. Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment programs targeting this age group have a unique opportunity to significantly impact the well-being of the future generation of adults. At the same time, youth are reluctant to seek treatment and have high rates of dropout from interventions. An emphasis on youth engagement in prevention and treatment interventions for MH&SU results in better health outcomes for those youth. This literature review was undertaken to evaluate opportunities to improve youth engagement in MH&SU programs...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086857/evaluating-a-multicomponent-social-behaviour-change-communication-strategy-to-reduce-intimate-partner-violence-among-married-couples-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-nepal
#7
Cari Jo Clark, Rachael A Spencer, Binita Shrestha, Gemma Ferguson, J Michael Oakes, Jhumka Gupta
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health issue that affects 1 in 3 women globally and a similarly large number of women in Nepal. Over the past decade, important policy and programmatic steps have been taken to address violence against women in Nepal. There remains a dearth of evidence on the effectiveness of primary violence prevention strategies. The Change Starts at Home study begins to fill this gap by utilizing a multi-component social behaviour change communication (SBCC) strategy involving a radio drama and community mobilization to shift attitudes, norms and behaviours that underpin IPV perpetration in Nepal...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086843/evaluation-of-the-good-start-program-a-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-intervention-for-maori-and-pacific-islander-children-living-in-queensland-australia
#8
Seema Mihrshahi, Lisa Vaughan, Nicola Fa'avale, Shreenika De Silva Weliange, Inez Manu-Sione, Lisa Schubert
BACKGROUND: Reducing the prevalence of obesity and chronic disease are important priorities. Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Australia have higher rates of obesity and chronic disease than the wider Australian population. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of the Good Start program, which aims to improve knowledge, attitudes and practices related to healthy eating and physical activity amongst Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Queensland. METHODS: The intervention was delivered to children aged 6-19 years (N = 375) in schools by multicultural health workers...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081178/gender-differences-in-hiv-care-among-criminal-justice-involved-persons-baseline-data-from-the-care-corrections-study
#9
Curt Beckwith, Breana Uhrig Castonguay, Claudia Trezza, Lauri Bazerman, Rudy Patrick, Alice Cates, Halli Olsen, Ann Kurth, Tao Liu, James Peterson, Irene Kuo
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected individuals recently released from incarceration have suboptimal linkage and engagement in community HIV care. We conducted a study to evaluate an information and communication technology intervention to increase linkage to community care among HIV-infected persons recently involved in the criminal justice (CJ) system. Baseline characteristics including risk behaviors and HIV care indicators are reported and stratified by gender. METHODS: We recruited HIV-infected individuals in the District of Columbia jail and persons with a recent history of incarceration through community and street outreach...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081131/-i-wasted-3-years-thinking-it-s-not-a-problem-patient-and-health-system-delays-in-diagnosis-of-leprosy-in-india-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Thirumugam Muthuvel, Srinivas Govindarajulu, Petros Isaakidis, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Vasudev Rokade, Rajbir Singh, Sanjeev Kamble
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, leprosy is one of the major causes of preventable disability. India contributes to 60% of global leprosy burden. With increasing numbers of leprosy with grade 2 disability (visible disability) at diagnosis, we aimed to determine risk factors associated with grade 2 disability among new cases and explore patients and providers' perspectives into reasons for late presentation. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This was an explanatory mixed-methods study where the quantitative component, a matched case-control design, was followed by a qualitative component...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079719/feasibility-of-using-hiv-care-continuum-outcomes-to-identify-geographic-areas-for-targeted-hiv-testing
#11
Amanda D Castel, Irene Kuo, Meriam Mikre, Toni Young, Meredith Haddix, Suparna Das, Geoffrey Maugham, Carol Reisen
BACKGROUND: Improved detection and linkage to care of previously undiagnosed HIV infections require innovative approaches to testing. We sought to determine the feasibility of targeted HIV testing in geographic areas, defined by continuum of care parameters, to identify HIV-infected persons needing linkage or engagement in care. METHODS: Using HIV surveillance data from Washington, DC, we identified census tracts that had an HIV prevalence >1% and were either above (higher risk areas-HRAs) or below (lower risk areas-LRAs) the median for 3 indicators: monitored viral load, proportion of persons out of care (OOC), and never in care...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077147/the-political-and-scientific-challenges-in-evaluating-compulsory-drug-treatment-centers-in-southeast-asia
#12
Thu Vuong, Nhu Nguyen, Giang Le, Marian Shanahan, Robert Ali, Alison Ritter
BACKGROUND: In Vietnam, like many countries in Southeast Asia, the commonly used approach of center-based compulsory drug treatment (CCT) has been criticized on human rights ground. Meanwhile, community-based voluntary methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has been implemented for nearly a decade with promising results. Reform-minded leaders have been seeking empirical evidence of the costs and effectiveness associated with these two main treatment modalities. Conducting evaluations of these treatments, especially where randomization is not ethical, presents challenges...
January 11, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077123/daily-actions-challenges-and-needs-among-dutch-parents-while-supporting-the-participation-of-their-child-with-a-physical-disability-at-home-at-school-and-in-the-community-a-qualitative-diary-study
#13
Barbara Piškur, Anna J H M Beurskens, Marjolijn Ketelaar, Marian J Jongmans, Barbara M Casparie, Rob J E M Smeets
BACKGROUND: Parents have a vital influence on the participation of their child with a physical disability. The aim of this study is to gain insight into parents' own daily actions, challenges, and needs while supporting their child with a physical disability at home, at school, and in the community. An additional objective of this study is to refine the preliminary thematic framework previously identified in a scoping review. METHODS: A qualitative research inquiry was performed based on using a diary over a 7-day period to gather data...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076923/how-schools-can-promote-healthy-development-for-newly-arrived-immigrant-and-refugee-adolescents-research-priorities
#14
Clea A McNeely, Lyn Morland, S Benjamin Doty, Laurie L Meschke, Summer Awad, Altaf Husain, Ayat Nashwan
BACKGROUND: The US education system must find creative and effective ways to foster the healthy development of the approximately 2 million newly arrived immigrant and refugee adolescents, many of whom contend with language barriers, limited prior education, trauma, and discrimination. We identify research priorities for promoting the school success of these youth. METHODS: The study used the 4-phase priority-setting method of the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075492/a-thematic-content-analysis-of-cheatmeal-images-on-social-media-characterizing-an-emerging-dietary-trend
#15
Eva Pila, Jonathan M Mond, Scott Griffiths, Deborah Mitchison, Stuart B Murray
Despite the pervasive social endorsement of "cheat meals" within pro-muscularity online communities, there is an absence of empirical work examining this dietary phenomenon. The present study aimed to characterize cheat meals, and explore the meaning ascribed to engagement in this practice. Thematic content analysis was employed to code the photographic and textual elements of a sample (n = 600) that was extracted from over 1.6 million images marked with the #cheatmeal tag on the social networking site, Instagram...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074382/engaging-hmong-adults-in-genomic%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-pharmacogenomic-research-toward-reducing-health-disparities-in-genomic-knowledge-using-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach
#16
Kathleen A Culhane-Pera, Robert J Straka, MaiKia Moua, Youssef Roman, Pachia Vue, Kang Xiaaj, May Xia Lo, Mai Lor
Advancing precision medicine relies in part on examining populations that may exhibit unique genetic variants that impact clinical outcomes. Failure to include diverse populations in genomic-based research represents a health disparity. We implemented a community-based participatory research (CBPR) process with the Hmong community in Minnesota, who were refugees from Laos, in order to assess the feasibility of conducting genomic and pharmacogenomic-based research for genetic variants that are relevant to the Hmong community...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073934/the-influence-of-customer-medicine-seller-transactional-dynamics-on-childhood-diarrhoea-management-a-qualitative-study-in-ghana
#17
Lauren Rosapep, Emily Sanders, Kathryn Banke
In 2004, the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) jointly revised the recommended treatment for acute paediatric diarrhoea to specify supplementing reduced osmolarity oral rehydration salts (ORS) with zinc. In many countries, however, a significant knowledge-practice gap persists in appropriate diarrhoea management among private healthcare providers. For example, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Strengthening Health Outcomes through the Private Sector (SHOPS) project recently demonstrated that over-the-counter medicine sellers (MS) in Ghana recommended inappropriate diarrhoea treatments, despite their demonstrated knowledge of appropriate treatment protocols...
January 10, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073621/community-engagement-for-pediatric-nurses-no-longer-a-choice
#18
Terri H Lipman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072478/the-difficulties-experienced-by-nurses-and-healthcare-staff-involved-in-the-process-of-breaking-bad-news
#19
Clare Warnock, Jean Buchanan, Angela Mary Tod
AIMS: To explore the difficulties experienced by nurses and healthcare professionals when engaging in the process of breaking bad news BACKGROUND: The challenges faced by staff when breaking bad news have previously been researched in relation to particular settings or subjects. This study involved staff from diverse settings and roles to develop broader insights into the range of difficulties experienced in clinical practice. DESIGN: The study used a descriptive survey design involving self-reported written accounts and framework analysis...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069993/development-and-validation-of-the-alzheimer-s-prevention-beliefs-measure-in-a-multi-ethnic-cohort-a-behavioral-theory-approach
#20
Alon Seifan, Christine A Ganzer, Francoise Vermeylen, Stephen Parry, Jifeng Zhu, Abigail Lyons, Richard Isaacson, Sarang Kim
BACKGROUND: Understanding health beliefs and how they influence willingness will enable the development of targeted curricula that maximize public engagement in Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk reduction behaviors. METHODS: Literature on behavioral theory and community input was used to develop and validate a health beliefs survey about AD risk reduction among 428 community-dwelling adults. Principal component analysis was performed to assess internal consistency. Linear regression was performed to identify key predictors of Willingness to engage in AD risk reduction behaviors...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Public Health
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