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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774442/integrated-models-of-care-for-individuals-with-opioid-use-disorder-how-do-we-prevent-hiv-and-hcv
#1
REVIEW
Katherine M Rich, Joshua Bia, Frederick L Altice, Judith Feinberg
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe models of integrated and co-located care for opioid use disorder (OUD), hepatitis C (HCV), and HIV. RECENT FINDINGS: The design and scale-up of multidisciplinary care models that engage, retain, and treat individuals with HIV, HCV, and OUD are critical to preventing continued spread of HIV and HCV. We identified 17 models within primary care (N = 3), HIV specialty care (N = 5), opioid treatment programs (N = 6), transitional clinics (N = 2), and community-based harm reduction programs (N = 1), as well as two emerging models...
May 17, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773774/us-and-cuban-scientists-forge-collaboration-on-arbovirus-research
#2
Jorge Pérez-Ávila, Maria G Guzmán-Tirado, Jorge Fraga-Nodarse, Gray Handley, James Meegan, Jose L Pelegrino-Martínez de la Cotera, Anthony S Fauci
After December 17, 2014, when the US and Cuban governments announced their intent to restore relations, the two countries participated in various exchange activities in an effort to encourage cooperation in public health, health research and biomedical sciences. The conference entitled Exploring Opportunities for Arbovirus Research Collaboration, hosted at Havana's Hotel Nacional, was part of these efforts and was the first major US-Cuban scientific conference in over 50 years. Its purpose was to share information about current arbovirus research and recent findings, and to explore opportunities for future joint research...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773657/review-of-the-role-of-nice-in-promoting-the-adoption-of-innovative-cardiac-technologies
#3
REVIEW
Peter H Groves, Chris Pomfrett, Mirella Marlow
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Medical Technologies Evaluation Programme (MTEP) promotes the adoption of innovative diagnostic and therapeutic technologies into National Health Service (NHS) clinical practice through the publication of guidance and briefing documents. Since the inception of the programme in 2009, there have been 7 medical technologiesguidance, 3 diagnostics guidance and 23 medtechinnovation briefing documents published that are relevant to the heart and circulation...
May 17, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773530/alcohol-consumption-reduction-among-a-web-based-supportive-community-using-the-hello-sunday-morning-blog-platform-observational-study
#4
Jessica Jane Louise Kirkman, Briony Leo, Jamie Christopher Moore
BACKGROUND: Alcohol misuse is a major social and public health issue in Australia, with an estimated cost to the community of Aus $30 billion per annum. Until recently, a major barrier in addressing this significant public health issue is the fact that the majority of individuals with alcohol use disorders and alcohol misuse are not receiving treatment. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess whether alcohol consumption changes are associated with participation in Hello Sunday Morning's blog platform, an online forum discussing experiences in abstaining from alcohol...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772397/grandmother-and-health-care-professional-breastfeeding-perspectives-provide-opportunities-for-health-promotion-in-an-american-indian-community
#5
Bailey Houghtaling, Carmen Byker Shanks, Selena Ahmed, Elizabeth Rink
RATIONALE: While breastfeeding is well recognized as beneficial, rates of breastfeeding among American Indian women are below average and contribute to health inequities. Culturally specific approaches to breastfeeding research are called for to inform appropriate interventions in American Indian communities. Specifically, a grandmother's role in breastfeeding promotion is of great import particularly in American Indian (AI) groups, although is an understudied topic to date. OBJECTIVE: This research seeks to fill a prominent literature gap by utilizing a grounded theory and community-based research approach to inform breastfeeding practices from the voices of grandmothers and health care professionals in a rural AI community in the United States...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771987/visualization-of-gender-race-citizenship-and-academic-performance-in-association-with-career-outcomes-of-15-year-biomedical-doctoral-alumni-at-a-public-research-university
#6
Ambika Mathur, Annmarie Cano, Michael Kohl, Nisansala S Muthunayake, Prassanna Vaidyanathan, Mary E Wood, Mustafa Ziyad
It has long been thought that biomedical doctoral students pursue careers primarily as tenure-track/tenured faculty at research institutions. Recent reports showed, however, that the majority of biomedical doctoral alumni engage in a variety of careers. Wayne State University (WSU) undertook a project to understand the career trajectories of its biomedical doctoral alumni to create programs to better prepare its students for careers in multiple pathways. Data were collected on career outcomes of WSU's biomedical doctoral alumni who graduated in a 15-year period from 1999-2014...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771953/mitochondrial-disease-patient-motivations-and-barriers-to-participate-in-clinical-trials
#7
Zarazuela Zolkipli-Cunningham, Rui Xiao, Amy Stoddart, Elizabeth M McCormick, Amy Holberts, Natalie Burrill, Shana McCormack, Lauren Williams, Xiaoyan Wang, John L P Thompson, Marni J Falk
BACKGROUND: Clinical treatment trials are increasingly being designed in primary mitochondrial disease (PMD), a phenotypically and genetically heterogeneous collection of inherited multi- system energy deficiency disorders that lack effective therapy. We sought to identify motivating factors and barriers to clinical trial participation in PMD. METHODS: A survey study was conducted in two independent mitochondrial disease subject cohorts. A discovery cohort invited subjects with well-defined biochemical or molecularly- confirmed PMD followed at a single medical center (CHOP, n = 30/67 (45%) respondents)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771559/body-mass-index-across-adolescence-and-substance-use-problems-in-early-adulthood
#8
Ashley N Gearhardt, Rebecca Waller, Jennifer M Jester, Luke W Hyde, Robert A Zucker
Excessive substance use and obesity are underpinned by a number of shared risk factors (e.g., reward dysfunction, impulsivity). Food and drugs of abuse engage similar reward-related neural circuitry and the food-drug competition hypothesis proposes that excess consumption of food may diminish desire for drugs of abuse by competing for neural receptors associated with reward and motivation. Adolescence is a high-risk period for both increased substance use and excessive weight gain. In the present study, the authors tested whether, consistent with the food-drug competition hypothesis, elevated body mass index (BMI) across adolescence predicted fewer substance use problems in young adulthood...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771469/health-literacy-in-pressure-injury-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study-of-community-based-patients-and-carers
#9
Lisa A Durrant, James Taylor, Helen Thompson, Kim Usher, Debra Jackson
The present study, drawn from a larger mixed-methods case study, provides insights into the health literacy of community-based patients with pressure injuries, and their carers, and critically analyzes the patient information resources available; crucial because health literacy is associated with patient care and outcomes for patients. Two datasets were used to better understand patient literacy in relation to pressure injury: (i) narratives from patients and carers; and (ii) analysis of patient education resources...
May 17, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770367/engaging-religious-leaders-to-support-hiv-prevention-and-care-for-gays-bisexual-men-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-coastal-kenya
#10
Evans Gichuru, Bernadette Kombo, Noni Mumba, Salla Sariola, Eduard J Sanders, Elise M van der Elst
In Kenyan communities, religious leaders are important gatekeepers in matters of health and public morality. In a context that is generally homophobic, religious leaders may aggravate or reduce stigmatization of sexual minorities such as gay and bisexual men, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM). Literature indicates mixed results in efforts to encourage religious leaders to work effectively and sensitively with issues regarding HIV and sexuality. This paper describes the implementation of an engagement intervention with religious leaders from different denominations, which took place following a homophobic hate attack that was led by local religious leaders, at an HIV research clinic for GBMSM on the Kenyan coast...
2018: Critical Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770101/resources-to-address-stigma-related-to-sexuality-substance-use-and-sexually-transmitted-and-blood-borne-infections
#11
R MacLean
Background: Stigma is widely recognized as a significant barrier to the prevention, management and treatment of sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBIs) in Canada. Despite major advances in STBBI prevention and treatment, and global efforts to reduce stigma, people living with or affected by STBBIs continue to experience stigma within health and social service settings in Canada. Objective: To describe the development, content and evaluation of knowledge translation resources and training workshops designed to equip health and social service professionals with the knowledge and skills needed to provide more respectful and inclusive sexual health, harm reduction and STBBI services...
February 1, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769084/resilience-trust-and-civic-engagement-in-the-post-ccsvi-era
#12
Shelly Benjaminy, Andrew Schepmyer, Judy Illes, Anthony Traboulsee
BACKGROUND: Scientific and financial investments in chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) research have been made to address both the hope for and scepticism over this interventional strategy for MS. Despite limited evidence in support of the CCSVI hypothesis, the funding of clinical research was responsive to a demand by the public rarely seen in the history of medicine. We characterize patient perspectives about the CCSVI research trajectory, with particular attention to its impact on other non-pharmaceutical areas of MS research with a focus on stem cell interventions...
May 16, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769054/factors-associated-with-social-participation-amongst-elders-in-rural-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-analysis
#13
Celeste Marsh, Paul A Agius, Gamini Jayakody, Roshan Shajehan, Chandima Abeywickrema, Kelly Durrant, Stanley Luchters, Wendy Holmes
BACKGROUND: Populations of low and middle-income countries are ageing rapidly; there is a need for policies that support an increase in the duration of old age lived in good health. There is growing evidence that social participation protects against morbidity and mortality, but few studies explore patterns of social participation. Analysis of baseline quantitative and qualitative data from a trial of the impact of Elders' Clubs on health and well-being in the hill country of Sri Lanka provided an opportunity to better understand the extent of, and influences on, social participation among elders...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768728/evaluation-of-complex-community-based-childhood-obesity-prevention-interventions
#14
REVIEW
D Karacabeyli, S Allender, S Pinkney, S Amed
BACKGROUND: Multi-setting, multi-component community-based interventions have shown promise in preventing childhood obesity; however, evaluation of these complex interventions remains a challenge. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to systematically review published methodological approaches to outcome evaluation for multi-setting community-based childhood obesity prevention interventions and synthesize a set of pragmatic recommendations. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsycINFO were searched from inception to 6 July 2017...
May 16, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768407/the-health-e-babies-app-for-antenatal-education-feasibility-for-socially-disadvantaged-women
#15
Julia A Dalton, Dianne Rodger, Michael Wilmore, Sal Humphreys, Andrew Skuse, Claire T Roberts, Vicki L Clifton
BACKGROUND: The use of mobile technology such as phone applications (apps) has been proposed as an efficient means of providing health and clinical information in a variety of healthcare settings. We developed the Health-e Babies app as an Android smart phone application for pregnant women attending a tertiary hospital in a low socio-economic community, with the objective of providing health information about early pregnancy that would increase maternal confidence and reduce anxiety. Based on our earlier research, this form of health communication was viewed as a preferred source of information for women of reproductive age...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767432/open-sepulchers-and-closed-boundaries-biodistance-analysis-of-cemetery-structure-and-postmarital-residence-in-the-late-prehispanic-andes
#16
Matthew C Velasco
OBJECTIVES: In the Late Intermediate Period Andes (AD 1100-1450), the proliferation of above-ground sepulchers reconfigured social boundaries within and between communities engaged in protracted conflict. However, the biosocial dimensions of these mortuary practices, and their implications for conflict and alliance formation, remain unexplored. This study examines patterns of phenotypic variation to: (1) evaluate if open sepulchers were organized on the basis of biological relatedness, and (2) explore if sex-specific phenotypic variability conforms to models of postmarital residence...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766328/implementing-a-standardized-social-networks-testing-strategy-in-a-low-hiv-prevalence-jurisdiction
#17
Casey Schumann, Danielle Kahn, Michelle Broaddus, Jacob Dougherty, Megan Elderbrook, James Vergeront, Ryan Westergaard
Alternative HIV testing strategies are needed to engage individuals not reached by traditional clinical or non-clinical testing programs. A social networks recruitment strategy, in which people at risk for or living with HIV are enlisted and trained by community-based agencies to recruit individuals from their social, sexual, or drug-using networks for HIV testing, demonstrates higher positivity rates compared to other non-clinical recruitment strategies in some jurisdictions. During 2013-2015, a social networks testing protocol was implemented in Wisconsin to standardize an existing social networks testing program...
May 15, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765871/optimizing-medicine-use-for-people-who-are-homebound-an-evaluation-of-a-pilot-domiciliary-medicine-use-review-dmur-service-in-england
#18
Asam Latif, Baguiasri Mandane, Emma Anderson, Caroline Barraclough, Samantha Travis
Background: As global life expectancy increases, older people with chronic diseases are being required to manage multiple and complex medicine regimes. However, polypharmacy raises the risk of medicine-related problems and preventable hospital admissions. To improve medicine use, English community pharmacies are commissioned to deliver Medicines Use Reviews (MURs), which are typically delivered from the pharmacy. People who are homebound rarely receive the service. This paper describes the uptake and impact of a pilot project that seeks to provide domiciliary Medicines Use Reviews (dMURs)...
2018: Integrated Pharmacy Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765204/research-as-an-event-a-novel-approach-to-promote-patient-focused-drug-development
#19
Jui-Hua Tsai, Ellen Janssen, John Fp Bridges
Patient groups are increasingly engaging in research to understand patients' preferences and incorporate their perspectives into drug development and regulation. Several models of patient engagement have emerged, but there is little guidance on how to partner with patient groups to engage the disease community. Our group has been using an approach to engage patient groups that we call research as an event. Research as an event is a method for researchers to use a community-centered event to engage patients in their own environment at modest incremental cost...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764902/secular-trend-seasonality-and-effects-of-a-community-based-intervention-on-neonatal-mortality-follow-up-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial-in-quang-ninh-province-vietnam
#20
Leif Eriksson, Nguyen T Nga, Dinh T Phuong Hoa, Duong M Duc, Anna Bergström, Lars Wallin, Mats Målqvist, Uwe Ewald, Tran Q Huy, Nguyen T Thuy, Tran Thanh Do, Pham T L Lien, Lars-Åke Persson, Katarina Ekholm Selling
BACKGROUND: Little is know about whether the effects of community engagement interventions for child survival in low-income and middle-income settings are sustained. Seasonal variation and secular trend may blur the data. Neonatal mortality was reduced in a cluster-randomised trial in Vietnam where laywomen facilitated groups composed of local stakeholders employing a problem-solving approach for 3 years. In this analysis, we aim at disentangling the secular trend, the seasonal variation and the effect of the intervention on neonatal mortality during and after the trial...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
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