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Selective mutism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398815/successful-treatment-of-a-child-with-difficult-to-treat-chronic-selective-mutism-using-pramipexole
#1
Ahmed Naguy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173886/comparison-of-the-dsm-5-and-icd-10-panic-and-other-anxiety-disorders
#2
Borwin Bandelow
Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent mental disorders and are associated with substantial healthcare costs and a high burden of disease. In this article, changes in the new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (the DSM-5) with respect to panic disorder/agoraphobia, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, specific phobias, and selective mutism are compared with the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) system.
February 8, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161012/intraoperative-identification-of-the-negative-motor-network-during-awake-surgery-to-prevent-deficit-following-brain-resection-in-premotor-regions
#3
F Rech, H Duffau, C Pinelli, A Masson, P Roublot, A Billy-Jacques, H Brissart, T Civit
INTRODUCTION: Surgical resection in premotor areas can lead to supplementary motor area syndrome as well as a permanent deficit. However, recent findings suggest a putative role of the negative motor network in those dysfunctions. Our objective was to compare the functional results in two groups of adult patients who underwent the resection of a frontal glioma with and without resection of the negative motor networks. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve patients (total of 13 surgeries) were selected for awake surgery for a frontal glioma...
February 1, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137251/autism-spectrum-disorder-associated-with-49-xyyyy-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Caroline Demily, Alice Poisson, Elodie Peyroux, Valérie Gatellier, Alain Nicolas, Caroline Rigard, Caroline Schluth-Bolard, Damien Sanlaville, Massimiliano Rossi
BACKGROUND: Sex chromosome aneuploidies occur in approximately one in 420 live births. The most frequent abnormalities are 45,X (Turner syndrome), 47,XXX (triple X), 47,XXY (Klinefelter syndrome), and 47,XYY. The prevalence of males with more than one extra sex chromosome (e.g. 48,XXYY or 48,XXXY) is less common. However, the literature provides little information about the cognitive and behavioural phenotype and the natural history of the disease. We report the clinical, neurocognitive, social cognitive and psychiatric characterization of a patient with 49,XYYYY syndrome...
January 31, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112698/ericksonian-hypnotherapy-for-selective-mutism-a-single-case-study
#5
Mauro Cavarra, Adelina Brizio, Nicoletta Gava
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Children affected by selective mutism don't speak in contexts that are unfamiliar to them or in which speaking is expected or required (e.g. school, kindergarten…). Such disorder interferes with the child's normal activities, may have invalidating consequences in the long run if left untreated, is associated to anxious conditions and is considered hard to treat. Contemporary research is still in need of methodologically rigorous outcome studies and the results described in the small number of published randomized controlled trials and retrospective studies indicate cognitive-behavioral interventions lasting 20-24 sessions as the best therapeutic option...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977468/a-case-of-asperger-syndrome-with-comorbidity-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-selective-mutism-significant-remission-with-the-combination-of-aripiprazole-and-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing
#6
LETTER
Melis Ipci, Sevim Berrin Inci, Ülkü Akyol Ardiç, Eyup Sabri Ercan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942473/post-operative-pediatric-cerebellar-mutism-syndrome-and-its-association-with-hypertrophic-olivary-degeneration
#7
Shivaram Avula, Michaela Spiteri, Ram Kumar, Emma Lewis, Srikrishna Harave, David Windridge, Chan Ong, Barry Pizer
BACKGROUND: The dentato-thalamo-cortical (DTC) pathway is recognized as the anatomical substrate for postoperative pediatric cerebellar mutism (POPCMS), a well-recognized complication affecting up to 31% of children undergoing posterior fossa brain tumour resection. The proximal structures of the DTC pathway also form a segment of the Guillain and Mollaret triangle, a neural network which when disrupted causes hypertrophic olivary degeneration (HOD) of the inferior olivary nucleus (ION)...
October 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830922/pediatric-selective-mutism-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Maria Esposito, Francesca Gimigliano, Maria R Barillari, Francesco Precenzano, Maria Ruberto, Joseph Sepe, Umberto Barillari, Raffaele Gimigliano, Roberto Militerni, Giovanni Messina, Marco Carotenuto
BACKGROUND: Selective Mutism (SM) is a rare disease in children coded by DSM-5 as an anxiety disorder. Despite the disabling nature of the disease, there is still no specific treatment. AIMS: The aims of this study were to verify the efficacy of six-month standard psychomotor treatment and the positive changes in lifestyle, in a population of children affected by SM. DESIGN: Randomised Controlled Trial registered in the European Clinical Trials Registry (EuDract 2015-001161-36)...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802104/a-comparative-study-of-sociability-in-angelman-cornelia-de-lange-fragile-x-down-and-rubinstein-taybi-syndromes-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Joanna Moss, Lisa Nelson, Laurie Powis, Jane Waite, Caroline Richards, Chris Oliver
Few comparative studies have evaluated the heterogeneity of sociability across a range of neurodevelopmental disorders. The Sociability Questionnaire for People with Intellectual Disability (SQID) was completed by caregivers of individuals with Cornelia de Lange (n = 98), Angelman (n = 66), Fragile X (n = 142), Down (n = 117) and Rubinstein Taybi (n = 88) syndromes and autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 107). Between groups and age-band (<12yrs; 12-18yrs; >18yrs) comparisons of SQID scores were conducted...
November 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626066/a-novel-de-novo-mutation-in-atp1a3-and-childhood-onset-schizophrenia
#10
Niklas Smedemark-Margulies, Catherine A Brownstein, Sigella Vargas, Sahil K Tembulkar, Meghan C Towne, Jiahai Shi, Elisa Gonzalez-Cuevas, Kevin X Liu, Kaya Bilguvar, Robin J Kleiman, Min-Joon Han, Alcy Torres, Gerard T Berry, Timothy W Yu, Alan H Beggs, Pankaj B Agrawal, Joseph Gonzalez-Heydrich
We describe a child with onset of command auditory hallucinations and behavioral regression at 6 yr of age in the context of longer standing selective mutism, aggression, and mild motor delays. His genetic evaluation included chromosomal microarray analysis and whole-exome sequencing. Sequencing revealed a previously unreported heterozygous de novo mutation c.385G>A in ATP1A3, predicted to result in a p.V129M amino acid change. This gene codes for a neuron-specific isoform of the catalytic α-subunit of the ATP-dependent transmembrane sodium-potassium pump...
September 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617154/the-7q11-23-microduplication-syndrome-a-clinical-report-with-review-of-literature
#11
REVIEW
Elham Abbas, Devin M Cox, Teri Smith, Merlin G Butler
We report a 14-year-old adolescent girl with selective mutism (SM) and a 7q11.23 microduplication detected by chromosomal microarray (CMA) analysis and reviewed the literature from 18 published clinical reports. Our patient had specific phobias, SM, extreme anxiety, obesity, cutis marmorata, and a round appearing face with a short neck and over folded ears. We reviewed the published clinical, cognitive, behavioral, and cytogenetic findings grouped by speech and language delay, growth and development, craniofacial, clinical, and behavior and cognitive features due to the 7q11...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468379/identifying-treatment-response-of-sertraline-in-a-teenager-with-selective-mutism-using-electrophysiological-neuroimaging
#12
Andy R Eugene, Jolanta Masiak
BACKGROUND: Selective Mutism is described as the inability to verbally express oneself in anxiety provoking social situations and may result in awkward social interactions in school-aged children. In this case-report we present the baseline electrophysiological neuroimaging results and after treatment with Sertraline for 6-weeks. METHODS: A 20-channel EEG event-related potential recording was acquired during an internal voice task at baseline prior to the initiation of 50mg of Sertraline and then repeated 6-weeks after treatment with Sertraline...
June 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349358/anxiety
#13
REVIEW
Michelle G Craske, Murray B Stein
Anxiety disorders (separation anxiety disorder, selective mutism, specific phobias, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, agoraphobia, and generalised anxiety disorder) are common and disabling conditions that mostly begin during childhood, adolescence, and early adulthood. They differ from developmentally normative or stress-induced transient anxiety by being marked (ie, out of proportion to the actual threat present) and persistent, and by impairing daily functioning. Most anxiety disorders affect almost twice as many women as men...
December 17, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27179521/the-youth-anxiety-measure-for-dsm-5-yam-5-development-and-first-psychometric-evidence-of-a-new-scale-for-assessing-anxiety-disorders-symptoms-of-children-and-adolescents
#14
Peter Muris, Ellin Simon, Hester Lijphart, Arjan Bos, William Hale, Kelly Schmeitz
The Youth Anxiety Measure for DSM-5 (YAM-5) is a new self- and parent-report questionnaire to assess anxiety disorder symptoms in children and adolescents in terms of the contemporary classification system. International panels of childhood anxiety researchers and clinicians were used to construct a scale consisting of two parts: part one consists of 28 items and measures the major anxiety disorders including separation anxiety disorder, selective mutism, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder, whereas part two contains 22 items that focus on specific phobias and (given its overlap with situational phobias) agoraphobia...
February 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089281/selective-mutism-the-fraternal-twin-of-childhood-social-phobia
#15
Angelika Gensthaler, Verena Maichrowitz, Michael Kaess, Marc Ligges, Christine M Freitag, Christina Schwenck
BACKGROUND: Selective mutism (SM) is an anxiety disorder with a close link to childhood social phobia (SP). Our studies compare behavioral problem profiles in children and adolescents with SM and SP and control groups and assess the comorbidity patterns of SM and SP. METHODS: Participants aged 3-18 years with SM (n = 95), SP (n = 74) and internalizing disorders (INT, n = 46) and a typically developing control group (CG, n = 119) were assessed with the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL); adolescents were additionally assessed with the Youth Self-Report (YSR)...
2016: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26970743/selective-mutism-and-temperament-the-silence-and-behavioral-inhibition-to-the-unfamiliar
#16
Angelika Gensthaler, Sally Khalaf, Marc Ligges, Michael Kaess, Christine M Freitag, Christina Schwenck
Behavioral inhibition (BI) is a suspected precursor of selective mutism. However, investigations on early behavioral inhibition of children with selective mutism are lacking. Children aged 3-18 with lifetime selective mutism (n = 109), social phobia (n = 61), internalizing behavior (n = 46) and healthy controls (n = 118) were assessed using the parent-rated Retrospective Infant Behavioral Inhibition (RIBI) questionnaire. Analyses showed that children with lifetime selective mutism and social phobia were more inhibited as infants and toddlers than children of the internalizing and healthy control groups, who displayed similar low levels of behavioral inhibition...
October 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26940121/social-communication-anxiety-treatment-s-cat-for-children-and-families-with-selective-mutism-a-pilot-study
#17
Evelyn R Klein, Sharon Lee Armstrong, Kathryn Skira, Janice Gordon
This research assessed the feasibility of Social Communication Anxiety Treatment (S-CAT) developed by Elisa Shipon-Blum, a brief multimodal approach, to increase social communication in 40 children aged 5-12 years with selective mutism (SM). SM is a disorder in which children consistently fail to speak in specific situations although they have the ability to do so. Key features of this approach are the SM-Social Communication Comfort Scale (SCCS), transfer of control (ToC), a nonchalant therapeutic style, and cognitive-behavioral strategies over a brief time frame...
January 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26849811/magnetic-resonance-guided-laser-interstitial-thermal-therapy-report-of-a-series-of-pediatric-brain-tumors
#18
Zulma Tovar-Spinoza, Hoon Choi
OBJECTIVE Magnetic resonance-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (MRgLITT) is a novel, minimally invasive treatment that has multiple advantages in pediatric use and broad applicability for different types of lesions. Here, the authors report the preliminary results of the first series of pediatric brain tumors treated with MRgLITT at Golisano Children's Hospital in Syracuse, New York. METHODS Pediatric brain tumors treated with MRgLITT between February 2012 and August 2014 at Golisano Children's Hospital were evaluated retrospectively...
June 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26835496/identifying-quantitative-imaging-features-of-posterior-fossa-syndrome-in-longitudinal-mri
#19
Michaela Spiteri, David Windridge, Shivaram Avula, Ram Kumar, Emma Lewis
Up to 25% of children who undergo brain tumor resection surgery in the posterior fossa develop posterior fossa syndrome (PFS). This syndrome is characterized by mutism and disturbance in speech. Our hypothesis is that there is a correlation between PFS and the occurrence of hypertrophic olivary degeneration (HOD) in structures within the posterior fossa, known as the inferior olivary nuclei (ION). HOD is exhibited as an increase in size and intensity of the ION on an MR image. Longitudinal MRI datasets of 28 patients were acquired consisting of pre-, intra-, and postoperative scans...
October 2015: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26710961/catatonia-in-ugandan-children-with-nodding-syndrome-and-effects-of-treatment-with-lorazepam-a-pilot-study
#20
Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, Dirk M Dhossche, Richard Idro, Dickens Akena, Joyce Nalugya, Benard T Opar
BACKGROUND: Nodding syndrome (NS) is a severe neuropsychiatric syndrome of an unknown etiology affecting children and adolescents mostly in Eastern Africa. Symptoms of NS and catatonia seem to overlap. We investigated the presence and types of catatonic symptoms in NS and their response to one or two doses of lorazepam, the first-line treatment for catatonia. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study with systematic assessment of catatonia in 33 patients with NS using a modified version of the Bush Francis Catatonia Rating Scale...
December 28, 2015: BMC Research Notes
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