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ethnic medicine communication

Megan Song McHenry, Kavitha Nutakki, Nancy L Swigonski
BACKGROUND: Limited resources are available to educate health professionals on cultural considerations and specific healthcare needs of Burmese refugees. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a module focused on cross-cultural considerations when caring for Burmese refugees. METHODS: A brief educational module using anonymously tracked pre- and post-intervention, self-administered surveys was developed and studied. The surveys measured pediatric and family medicine residents' knowledge, attitudes, and comfort in caring for Burmese refugees...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
Torres Woolley, Tarun Sen Gupta, Maria Bellei
INTRODUCTION: This article describes factors predicting James Cook University (JCU) medical graduates undertaking at least 1 year of remote practice. The cross-sectional design involved point-in-time (2015) analysis of the JCU medical school's ongoing longitudinal graduate tracking database. Participants were the first seven cohorts of graduates from the JCU medical school who had completed at least their postgraduate year (PGY) 4 in Australia (<i>n</i>=529); that is, PGY 4 to PGY 10 graduates...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
I Olver
Disparities in cancer control exist in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Many countries do not have cancer registries to record incidence, mortality and prevalence and are reliant on Globocan estimates of their cancer burden. Poorer cancer control within and between countries occurs in those living remotely from urban centres, those in a low socioeconomic group and some ethnic groups who have lifestyle and belief systems which impact on cancer control. High-income countries generally have population screening programmes for cervix, breast and bowel cancer...
January 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
Mark D Macek, Kathryn A Atchison, William Wells, Don Haynes, Ruth M Parker, Haiyan Chen
OBJECTIVES: Medicare does not usually include a dental benefit. Adults who are unaware of this fact risk unanticipated expenses after retirement. This report will explore the sociodemographic and oral health literacy determinants of this knowledge. METHODS: Data came from the Multi-Site Oral Health Literacy Research Study, a survey of patients presenting to two university dental clinics. Sociodemographic descriptors included age, sex, race/ethnicity, education level, and dental insurance status...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Nimisha Sarah Mathew, Pradeep Singh Negi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Musa acuminata, the wild species of banana is a plant of the tropical and subtropical regions. Over the past few decades, the health benefits of M. acuminata have received much attention. All parts of the plant including fruits, peel, pseudostem, corm, flowers, leaves, sap and roots have found their use in the treatment of many diseases in traditional medicine. Literature review have indicated use of M. acuminata in the treatment of various diseases such as fever, cough, bronchitis, dysentery, allergic infections, sexually transmitted infections, and some of the non-communicable diseases...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Rebecca E Hasson, David R Brown, Joan Dorn, Lisa Barkley, Carol Torgan, Melicia Whitt-Glover, Barbara Ainsworth, Nicole Keith
There is clear and consistent evidence that regular physical activity is an important component of healthy lifestyles and fundamental to promoting health and preventing disease. Despite the known benefits of physical activity participation, many people in the United States remain inactive. More specifically, physical activity behavior is socially patterned with lower participation rates among women; racial/ethnic minorities; sexual minority youth; individuals with less education; persons with physical, mental, and cognitive disabilities; individuals >65 yr of age; and those living in the southeast region of the United States...
April 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Taeho Greg Rhee, Roni L Evans, Donna D McAlpine, Pamela Jo Johnson
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use by race/ethnicity and to identify sociodemographic and health-related factors associated with CAM use among US adults with moderate mental distress (MMD). METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). We used data for 6016 noninstitutionalized US adults with MMD (3492 non-Hispanic whites, 953 non-Hispanic blacks, 1078 Hispanics, 268 Asians, and 225 others consisted of American Indian, Alaska Native, and those reporting multiple races)...
April 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
Y Alicia Hong, Jinmyoung Cho
OBJECTIVES: To examine the trend of health-related Internet use (HRIU) among older adults. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2003, 2005, and 2011-2012 iterations of the National Cancer Institute (NCI)-sponsored Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). HRIU was measured by 4 online behaviors: seeking health information, buying medicine, connecting with people with similar health problems, and communicating with doctors. RESULTS: Internet use and HRIU among older adults increased substantially from 2003 to 2011 with more significant increases in seeking health information and communicating with doctors online...
August 24, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Katy Dawley, Linda V Walsh
INTRODUCTION: As nurse-midwifery practice expanded beyond areas surrounding early nurse-midwifery education programs, leaders in the profession wanted to establish a strong diverse, inclusive professional organization, a necessary step in creating a diverse workforce (defined here as open to nurse-midwives of all colors, ethnicities, and national origins) that would maintain standards, provide continuing education, and facilitate communication among nurse-midwives. This research presents historical context and organizational factors supporting and limiting development of a workforce reflective of communities served by nurse-midwives...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Tetine L Sentell, Todd B Seto, Malia M Young, May Vawer, Michelle L Quensell, Kathryn L Braun, Deborah A Taira
BACKGROUND: Potentially preventable hospitalizations (PPH) for heart failure (HF) and diabetes mellitus (DM) cost the United States over $14 billion annually. Studies about PPH typically lack patient perspectives, especially across diverse racial/ethnic groups with known PPH health disparities. METHODS: English-speaking individuals with a HF or DM-related PPH (n = 90) at the largest hospital in Hawai'i completed an in-person interview, including open-ended questions on precipitating factors to their PPH...
July 26, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Shinkan Tokudome, Ryosuke Ando, Yoshiro Koda
The discoveries and application of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) have been much appreciated because PSA-based screening has saved millions of lives of prostate cancer (PCa) patients. Historically speaking, Flocks et al first identified antigenic properties in prostate tissue in 1960. Then, Barnes et al detected immunologic characteristics in prostatic fluid in 1963. Hara et al characterized γ-semino-protein in semen in 1966, and it has been proven to be identical to PSA. Subsequently, Ablin et al independently reported the presence of precipitation antigens in the prostate in 1970...
2016: Cancer Management and Research
Katherine Montag Schafer, Michael R Gionfriddo, Deborah H Boehm
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the preliminary efficacy, feasibility, and acceptability of a template-based intervention to facilitate shared decision making (SDM) in medication therapy management (MTM) consultations; and to examine the type and number of drug therapy problems (DTPs) discussed and how resolution was communicated to patients' primary care providers (PCPs). SETTING: An internal medicine clinic at a large safety-net hospital. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Hennepin County Medical Center is an urban safety net hospital serving an ethnically-diverse population with about 50 percent of patients enrolled in Medicaid...
March 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Yves Saint James Aquino, Norbert Steinkamp
This review aims to identify (1) sources of knowledge and (2) important themes of the ethical debate related to surgical alteration of facial features in East Asians. This article integrates narrative and systematic review methods. In March 2014, we searched databases including PubMed, Philosopher's Index, Web of Science, Sociological Abstracts, and Communication Abstracts using key terms "cosmetic surgery," "ethnic*," "ethics," "Asia*," and "Western*." The study included all types of papers written in English that discuss the debate on rhinoplasty and blepharoplasty in East Asians...
September 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
Noreen Kerrigan, Myles H Akabas, Thomas F Betzler, Maria Castaldi, Mary S Kelly, Adam S Levy, Michael J Reichgott, Louise Ruberman, Siobhan M Dolan
The Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Einstein) was founded in 1955 during an era of limited access to medical school for women, racial minorities, and many religious and ethnic groups. Located in the Bronx, NY, Einstein seeks to educate physicians in an environment of state-of-the-art scientific inquiry while simultaneously fulfilling a deep commitment to serve its community by providing the highest quality clinical care. A founding principle of Einstein, the basis upon which Professor Einstein agreed to allow the use of his name, was that admission to the student body would be based entirely on merit...
2016: Medical Education Online
Manbinder S Sidhu, Laura Griffith, Kate Jolly, Paramjit Gill, Tom Marshall, Nicola K Gale
OBJECTIVE: The global prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease, continues to rise. Internationally, people of South Asian origin (i.e. by birth or heritage) are much more likely to develop and live with NCDs compared to the general population. The South Asian diaspora population is highly heterogeneous, varying by socioeconomic status, migration history, religion and ethnicity. This article reports the findings of a study to explore the types of support accessed by Punjabi Sikhs living in Birmingham and the Black Country, UK, who were living with NCDs...
October 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Devinder Singh Arora, Amary Mey, Satish Maganlal, Sohil Khan
OBJECTIVE: Overcoming language and cultural barriers is becoming ever challenging for pharmacists as the patient population grows more ethnically diverse. To evaluate the current practices used by the pharmacists for communicating with patients with limited English proficiency (LEP) and to assess pharmacists' knowledge of, attitude toward, and satisfaction with accessing available services for supporting LEPs patients within their current practice settings. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five pharmacists employed in pharmacies representing multiple practice settings Queensland, Australia...
July 2015: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
Ingela Henoch, Ida Carlander, Maja Holm, Inger James, Elisabeth Kenne Sarenmalm, Carina Lundh Hagelin, Susanne Lind, Anna Sandgren, Joakim Öhlén
BACKGROUND: In 2007, a literature review was undertaken of palliative care research from Sweden during the 1970s-2006, paving the way for a follow-up study to explore the recent developments. The aim was to systematically examine palliative care research from Sweden between 2007 and 2012, with special attention to methods, designs and research foci. METHODS: A literature review was undertaken. The databases Academic search elite, Age line, Ahmed, Cinahl, PsychInfo, PubMed, Scopus, Soc abstracts, Web of science and Libris were reviewed for Swedish palliative care research studies published from 2007 to 2012, applying the search criteria 'palliative care OR palliative medicine OR end-of-life care OR terminal care OR hospice care OR dying OR death'...
March 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Kamaldeep Bhui, Rabbea'h W Aslam, Andrea Palinski, Rose McCabe, Mark R D Johnson, Scott Weich, Swaran Preet Singh, Martin Knapp, Vittoria Ardino, Ala Szczepura
BACKGROUND: Black and minority ethnic (BME) people using psychiatric services are at greater risk of non-engagement, dropout from care and not receiving evidence-based interventions than white British people. OBJECTIVES: To identify effective interventions designed to improve therapeutic communications (TCs) for BME patients using psychiatric services in the UK, to identify gaps in the research literature and to recommend future research. PARTICIPANTS: Black African, black Caribbean, black British, white British, Pakistani and Bangladeshi patients in psychiatric services in the UK, or recruited from the community to enter psychiatric care...
April 2015: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Marlene P Ballejos, Robert L Rhyne, Jay Parkes
UNLABELLED: CONSTRUCT: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of varying the relative weights of cognitive versus noncognitive admission criteria on the proportion of underrepresented minorities admitted to medical school. It answers the question, "Can medical schools increase the admission rates of underrepresented minority (URM) students by balancing cognitive criteria with the experiences, attributes, and metrics of noncognitive data in the admission process?" BACKGROUND: U...
2015: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Junya Zhu, Saul N Weingart, Grant A Ritter, Christopher P Tompkins, Deborah W Garnick
BACKGROUND: An important aspect of medical care is clear and effective communication, which can be particularly challenging for individuals based on race/ethnicity. Quality of communication is measured systematically in the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey, and analyzed frequently such as in the National Healthcare Disparities Report. Caution is needed to discern differences in communication quality from racial/ethnic differences in perceptions about concepts or expectations about their fulfillment...
May 2015: Medical Care
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