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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239849/hepatitis-during-pregnancy-a-case-of-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis
#1
Halil Yildiz, Bernard Vandercam, Xave Thissen, Mina Komuta, Nicolas Lanthier, Frederic Debieve, Geraldine Dahlqvist
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare but severe and potentially fatal syndrome that can occur during pregnancy. A 36 years-old woman, at 29 weeks of gestation, presented with itchiness and jaundice since a week. On clinical examination she was apyrexial and frankly icteric. Laboratory data showed evidence of acute hepatitis. A complete work-up was made excluding viral hepatitis (HAV, HEV, HBV, HCV, HHV6, CMV, EBV) and autoimmune liver disease. Liver diseases related to pregnancy were not completely excluded...
November 24, 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238510/epidemiology-transmission-diagnosis-and-outcome-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#2
REVIEW
Seyed Hamid Moosavy, Parivash Davoodian, Mirza Ali Nazarnezhad, Abdolazim Nejatizaheh, Ebrahim Eftekhar, Hamidreza Mahboobi
Hepatitis C infection is one of the main causes of chronic liver disorders worldwide. Nearly three percent (3%) of the world population has an HCV infection. Prevalence of HCV infection was higher in some groups such as injected drug users (IDUs) and HIV positive populations. Acute hepatitis has proven asymptomatic in most cases, and delay of diagnosis might lead to late onset of hepatocellular carcinoma and cirrhosis. Some host characteristics such as age, gender, body mass index, and viral properties are associated with HCV outcome hepatitis...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237661/exophytic-cystic-liver-lesion-an-unusual-presentation-of-a-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-a-young-female
#3
Thomas Gardiner, David Nasralla, Eve Fryer, Helen Bungay, Michael Silva
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant primary liver tumours. However, primary hepatic carcinomas are rare in young adults, accounting for approximately 1% of tumours in people below the age of 20. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are the two most important aetiological agents of HCC. The average age at onset of HBV-related HCC (~50 years old) is 10 years younger than that of HCV-related HCC (61-64 years). Evidence for an association between the oral contraceptive pill (OCP) and development of HCC remains inconclusive...
December 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236927/making-the-invisible-visible-searching-for-human-t-cell-lymphotropic-virus-types-1-and-2-htlv-1-and-htlv-2-in-brazilian-patients-with-viral-hepatitis-b-and-c
#4
Adele Caterino-de-Araujo, Fabiana Aparecida Alves, Karoline Rodrigues Campos, Marcílio Figueiredo Lemos, Regina Célia Moreira
With this study, the authors hope to alert clinicians regarding the presence of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 and 2 (HTLV-1/-2) infections in patients with viral hepatitis B and C in Brazil. HTLV-1/-2 were detected in 1.3% of hepatitis B virus (HBV)- and 5.3% of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected blood samples sent for laboratory viral load measurements. A partial association of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 and HTLV-1/-2 infection was detected in patients with HCV (HIV+, 27.3%), whereas this association was almost 100% in HBV-infected patients (HIV+, all except one)...
February 2018: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221787/evaluation-of-alternative-serum-biomarkers-to-monitor-the-progression-of-chronic-hbv-and-hcv-infection
#5
S Tsiomita, U Georgopoulou, P P Doumba, J Koskinas, K Adamidis, C Papaloukas, G Thyphronitis
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are among the most serious health conditions affecting about 600 million people worldwide leading to a number of severe liver diseases. Due to the lack of warning signs or mild symptoms during the early stage of the infection, a molecular signature associated with disease progression would be useful. Based on our recent paper where candidate biomarkers were determined through topological and modularity analysis of protein interaction networks (PINs), this study was focused on the evaluation of MIF, TNFRSF1A, FAS and TMSB4X as diagnostic biomarkers in chronic HBV and HCV infections...
December 6, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201788/prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-virus-and-hepatitis-c-virus-in-a-tea-garden-of-bangladesh
#6
Mamun Al Mahtab, Shamima Akhter, Kutub U Mollick, Mohammad H Uddin, Sakirul I Khan, Sheikh Mf Akbar
Introduction: The overall health status of workers of tea garden of Bangladesh is below the national standard. Also, almost nothing has been reported about status of hepatitis virus infection among these population and there is also a lack of consensus. Materials and methods: Several health-related facts, especially those of liver diseases, were collected from 130 workers of tea garden via questionnaire. Sera were also collected from these subjects to assess positivity of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibody to hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV)...
January 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201776/viral-hepatitis-and-liver-diseases-in-mongolia
#7
REVIEW
Oidov Baatarkhuu, G Uugantsetseg, D Munkh-Orshikh, N Naranzul, S Badamjav, D Tserendagva, J Amarsanaa, Kim Do Young
Mongolia is known for its high endemicity for viral hepatitis. Previous studies report that the seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is 11.8% (178/1,512) among the unvaccinated population in 13 provinces and Ulaanbaatar city. The serosurvey of adults (>20 years of age) conducted during 2013 among persons in four provinces and in Ulaanbaatar showed that the overall prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positivity was 10.6%. The overall prevalence of anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HCV ribonucleic acid among 1,512 apparently healthy subjects was 15...
January 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197147/immune-response-to-hepatitis-b-vaccine-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Jiaye Liu, Hui Wu, Hui Chen
AIM: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infection can add to the severity of hepatitis and the risks of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Whether chronic HCV infection decreases antibody response to hepatitis B vaccination is still controversial. METHODS: We evaluate the influence of HCV infection on antibody response to hepatitis B vaccination by performing a systematic review of the literature with a meta-analysis of clinical trials...
December 1, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193051/interaction-between-tobacco-smoking-and-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-on-the-risk-of-liver-cancer-in-a-chinese-population
#9
Xing Liu, Aileen Baecker, Ming Wu, Jin-Yi Zhou, Jie Yang, Ren-Qiang Han, Pei-Hua Wang, Zi-Yi Jin, Ai-Min Liu, Xiaoping Gu, Xiao-Feng Zhang, Xu-Shan Wang, Ming Su, Xu Hu, Zheng Sun, Gang Li, Lina Mu, Na He, Liming Li, Jin-Kou Zhao, Zuo-Feng Zhang
Although tobacco smoking has been reported as a risk factor for liver cancer, few studies have specifically explored the association among Chinese females and the potential interaction between smoking and other risk factors. A population-based case-control study was conducted and 2,011 liver cancer cases and 7,933 healthy controls were enrolled in Jiangsu, China from 2003 to 2010. Epidemiological data were collected, and serum HBsAg and anti-HCV antibody were measured. Unconditional logistic regression was used to examine association and potential interaction, while semi-Bayes method was employed to make estimates more conservative...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185250/management-of-hepatitis-c-in-decentralised-versus-centralised-drug-substitution-programmes-and-minimally-invasive-point-of-care-tests-to-close-gaps-in-the-hcv-cascade
#10
Andrea Bregenzer, Anna Conen, Jürg Knuchel, Andrée Friedl, Franz Eigenmann, Martin Näf, Peter Ackle, Martin Roth, Christoph Andreas Fux
BACKGROUND: In Switzerland, intravenous drug use accounts for the majority of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. Early HCV treatment prevents further transmissions and reduces morbidity and mortality due to decompensated liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Nevertheless, patients in drug substitution programmes are often insufficiently screened and treated. AIM: The aim was to compare the current state of HCV management in centralised and decentralised drug substitution programmes of the canton Aargau...
November 29, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164400/hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-illicit-drug-users-in-an-archipelago-of-the-amazon
#11
Fabricio Q Silva, Francisco J A Santos, Andreia P Andrade, Suzy D B Pacheco, Benedikt Fischer, João Renato R Pinho, José Alexandre R Lemos, Aldemir B Oliveira-Filho
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection causes acute and chronic liver disease and may lead to cirrhosis, liver failure or hepatocellular carcinoma. The behavior of illicit drug users (DUs) typically exposes them to risks of viral infection. In the Brazilian Amazon region, a number of studies have identified high rates of drug use among adolescents, and a high prevalence of HBV infection in DUs, disseminated by sexual and parenteral activities. However, the epidemiological scenario of HCV infection in the region is still poorly understood...
November 21, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164002/biological-therapy-in-arthritis-patients-with-hepatitis-b-or-c-infection-a-multicenter-retrospective-case-series
#12
Sultana Abdulaziz, Hussein Halabi, Mohammed A Omair, Suzan Attar, Abdullah Alghamdi, Mohammed Shabrawishi, Abdulwahab Neyazi, Haneen Alnazzawi, Nuha Meraiani, Hani Almoallim
Objective: Reactivation of viral hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) has been reported in various case reports of patients with arthritis on biological therapy. The objective of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of arthritis patients with HBV or HCV treated with biological therapy. Material and Methods: This is a retrospective case series including all patients above 13 years of age with arthritis patients from four centers in Saudi Arabia with concurrent chronic viral hepatitis infection (HBV or HCV) who received biological agents in the rheumatology clinics during their course of their disease from duration of the disease onset until last outpatient visit up to November 2015...
September 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158999/recurrent-primary-suprahepatic-abscess-due-to-providencia-stuartii-a-rare-phenomenon
#13
Kyawzaw Lin, Aung Naing Lin, Sandar Linn, Madhavi Reddy, Anjali Bakshi
Gram-negative urease-producing bacilli, Providencia stuartii (P. stuartii), is reported in urinary tract infections, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia in humans but they rarely present with a hepatic abscess. We present a rare case of a recurrent suprahepatic cyst due to P. stuartii in a 45-year-old female, intravenous ( IV) heroin abuser with chronic hepatitis B and C. A 45-year-old female with 10 days status post right suprahepatic abscess drainage presented with recurrent, right, upper quadrant abdominal pain for one day...
September 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149205/kir-content-genotypes-associate-with-carriage-of-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-e-antigen-and-hbv-viral-load-in-gambians
#14
Louis-Marie Yindom, Maimuna Mendy, Christopher Bodimeade, Caroline Chambion, Peter Aka, Hilton C Whittle, Sarah L Rowland-Jones, Robert Walton
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) causes over 800,000 deaths worldwide annually, mainly in low income countries, and incidence is rising rapidly in the developed world with the spread of hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) viruses. Natural Killer (NK) cells protect against viral infections and tumours by killing abnormal cells recognised by Killer-cell Immunoglobulin-like Receptors (KIR). Thus genes and haplotypes encoding these receptors may be important in determining both outcome of initial hepatitis infection and subsequent chronic liver disease and tumour formation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143625/trends-in-hepatitis-b-virus-testing-practices-and-management-in-hiv-clinics-across-sub-saharan-africa
#15
REVIEW
Patrick A Coffie, Matthias Egger, Michael J Vinikoor, Marcel Zannou, Lameck Diero, Akouda Patassi, Mark H Kuniholm, Moussa Seydi, Guillaume Bado, Ponsiano Ocama, Monique I Andersson, Eugène Messou, Albert Minga, Philippa Easterbrook, Kathryn Anastos, François Dabis, Gilles Wandeler
BACKGROUND: Approximately 8% of HIV-infected individuals are co-infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Knowledge of HBV status is important to guide optimal selection of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and monitor/prevent liver-related complications. We describe changes in testing practices and management of HBV infection over a 3-year period in HIV clinics across SSA. METHODS: A medical chart review was conducted in large urban HIV treatment centers in Côte d'Ivoire (3 sites), Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Kenya, Senegal, South Africa, Togo, Uganda and Zambia (1 site each)...
November 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140988/sex-difference-in-the-interaction-of-alcohol-intake-hepatitis-b-virus-and-hepatitis-c-virus-on-the-risk-of-cirrhosis
#16
Tommaso Stroffolini, Evangelista Sagnelli, Angelo Andriulli, Guido Colloredo, Caterina Furlan, Giovanni Battista Gaeta, Filomena Morisco, Mario Pirisi, Floriano Rosina, Caterina Sagnelli, Antonina Smedile, Piero Luigi Almasio
BACKGROUND: The joint effect of the interaction of alcohol intake, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) on the risk of cirrhosis is still unexplored because a large sample size is required for this investigation. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of interaction of HBV, HCV and alcohol abuse on the risk of cirrhosis. DESIGN: We analysed 12,262 consecutive patients with chronic liver disease of various aetiologies referring to 95 Italian liver units in 2001 or 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120585/prevalence-of-occult-hbv-infection-among-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-in-upper-egypt
#17
Amany G Thabit, Mona A Hassan, Michael N Agban, Nahed A Makhlouf, Nasr K Khalil, Hebat-Allah M Hassan, Mohamed A El-Mokhtar
Occult hepatitis B virusinfection (OBI) is defined as the presence of HBV DNA in liver or serum of individuals who test negative for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg).We aimed at determining the prevalence of OBI in patients chronically infected with HCV in Upper Egypt and to evaluate the possible impact of OBI on the progression of the liver disease. This study included 200 chronic HCV infected patients. HBV DNA was detected in the serum of 21 patients (10.5%) by nested PCR. 13 of them were positive for anti-HBc...
January 2017: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120576/serological-and-molecular-diagnosis-of-occult-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-hepatitis-c-chronic-liver-diseases
#18
Enas A Daef, Nahed A Makhlouf, Entsar H Ahmed, Ahmed I Mohamed, Mohamed H Abd El Aziz, Mohamed A El-Mokhtar
Occult Hepatitis B infection (OBI), defined as the presence of serum HBV DNA without detectable HBsAg, can be classified into seropositive OBI [anti-HBc and/or anti-hepatitis B surface (anti- HBs) positive] and seronegative OBI (anti-HBc and anti- HBs negative). We examined the role of anti-HBc as a screening test for OBI in HCV patients with chronic liver diseases and evaluated the possible impact of OBI on liver disease progression. 90 patients with hepatitis C related chronic liver diseases (CLD) and negative for HBsAg were divided into three equal groups; chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)...
January 2017: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107929/viral-sequences-in-human-cancer
#19
Paul G Cantalupo, Joshua P Katz, James M Pipas
We have developed a virus detection and discovery computational pipeline, Pickaxe, and applied it to NGS databases provided by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). We analyzed a collection of whole genome (WGS), exome (WXS), and RNA (RNA-Seq) sequencing libraries from 3052 participants across 22 different cancers. NGS data from nearly all tumor and normal tissues examined contained contaminating viral sequences. Intensive computational and manual efforts are required to remove these artifacts. We found that several different types of cancers harbored Herpesviruses including EBV, CMV, HHV1, HHV2, HHV6 and HHV7...
November 3, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096662/hepatitis-c-virus-genotypes-in-saudi-arabia-a-future-prediction-and-laboratory-profile
#20
Amen Bawazir, Fahad AlGusheri, Hoda Jradi, Mohammed AlBalwi, Abdel-Galil Abdel-Gader
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes and subtypes are considered an important tool for epidemiological and clinical studies and valuable markers for disease progression and response to antiviral therapy. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of HCV genotypes and their relation to socio-demographic factors particularly age and sex, various biochemical profiles and viral load. METHODS: The records (630) of Saudi patients positive for HCV (2007-2011) reported in the system of the Molecular Pathology Laboratory at a tertiary reference hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia were analyzed...
November 2, 2017: Virology Journal
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