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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454241/frailty-and-life-course-violence-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study
#1
Cristiano Dos Santos Gomes, Catherine McLean Pirkle, Maria Vitoria Zunzunegui, Dimitri Taurino Guedes, Juliana Fernandes De Souza Barbosa, Phoebe Hwang, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of frailty in older adults in the IMIAS population, to examine associations between lifelong domestic violence and frailty and possible pathways to explain these associations. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 2002 men and women in the International Mobility in Aging Study, aged between 65 and 74 years old living in five cities of Tirana (Albania), Natal (Brazil), Kingston and Saint-Hyacinthe (Canada), and Manizales (Colombia)...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062398/clinical-profile-and-management-of-patients-with-incident-and-recurrent-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-albania-a-call-for-more-focus-on-prevention-strategies
#2
Sokol Myftiu, Enxhela Sulo, Genc Burazeri, Bledar Daka, Ilir Sharka, Artan Shkoza, Gerhard Sulo
BACKGROUND: The clinical profile of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients reflects the burden of risk factors in the general population. Differences between incident (first) and recurrent (repeated) events and their impact on treatment are poorly described. We studied potential differences in the clinical profile and in-hospital treatment between patients hospitalised with an incident and recurrent AMI. METHODS: A total of 324 patients admitted in the Coronary Care Unit of 'Mother Teresa' hospital, Tirana, Albania (2013-2014), were included in the study...
October 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969600/evaluation-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-viability-in-omnigene-sputum-reagent-upon-multi-day-transport-at-ambient-temperature
#3
Elisa Tagliani, Riccardo Alagna, Silva Tafaj, Hasan Hafizi, Daniela Maria Cirillo
BACKGROUND: Maintaining the quality of clinical specimens for tuberculosis (TB) testing is a major challenge in many high TB burden-limited resources countries. Sample referral systems in low and middle income countries are often weak and the maintenance of the cold-chain challenging and very costly for TB programs. The development of transport media allowing the preservation of samples without refrigeration is critical for increasing access to TB diagnostic services and for reducing the costs related to testing...
October 2, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947888/ct-mri-accuracy-in-detecting-and-determining-preoperative-stage-of-gastric-adenocarcinoma-in-albania
#4
Altin Malaj, Fatmir Bilaj, Albana Shahini, Marjeta Miraka
AIM OF THE STUDY: Gastric adenocarcinoma is among most frequent among cancers in Albania. Early detection and staging is helped by imaging methods, including CT and MRI. This study provides evidence on the CT and MRI accuracy in detecting and pre-operative staging of gastric adenocarcinoma in 62 patients in a diagnostic clinic in Albania. The correct staging of the gastric adenocarcinoma helps decide on the next treatment options. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-two patients with gastric adenocarcinoma, confirmed with biopsy, underwent both CT and MRI examination at a clinic in Tirana during same week...
2017: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883779/users-knowledge-about-adverse-effects-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-in-tirana-albania
#5
Dajana Roshi, Ervin Toçi, Genc Burazeri, Peter Schröder-Bäck, Ledjan Malaj, Helmut Brand
AIM: To assess the level of knowledge of the adult users of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) regarding their side effects and the socio-demographic factors associated with the use of these drugs in the adult population of Albania. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study including a representative sample of 199 individuals aged ≥18 years (77% women; overall mean age: 30.3±10.0 years; overall response rate: 90%) who were users of NSAIDs recruited in ten different pharmacies in Tirana municipality during April-May 2015...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664193/knowledge-practice-and-approaches-of-health-professionals-to-adverse-events-following-immunization-and-their-reporting-in-albania
#6
Irsida Mehmeti, Erida Nelaj, Artan Simaku, Eugena Tomini, Silva Bino
In Albania, the reporting of an adverse events following immunization (AEFI) is done not only by immunization providers but also from clinicians providing clinical treatment of AEFI in health posts, health centers and private or public hospitals. The AEFI reporting system in Albania has started in 2001 with the establishment of National Regulatory Authority of Vaccines in the Institute of Public Health. The most important problems of passive surveillance systems include underreporting, deficiency and inaccuracy of information...
June 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645242/factors-associated-with-visual-impairment-and-eye-care-utilization-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study
#7
Safari Balegamire, Marie-Josée Aubin, Carmen-Lucia Curcio, Beatriz Alvarado, Ricardo O Guerra, Alban Ylli, Nandini Deshpande, Maria-Victoria Zunzunegui
OBJECTIVE: To examine factors associated with visual impairment (VI) and eye care in the International Mobility in Aging Study (IMIAS). METHOD: IMIAS data were analyzed ( N = 1,995 with ages 65-74). Outcomes were VI defined as presenting visual acuity worse than 6/18 in the better eye and eye care utilization assessed by annual visits to eye care professionals. The Hurt-Insult-Threaten-Scream (HITS) questionnaire requested information on domestic violence. RESULTS: Among men, VI varied from 24% in Manizales (Colombia) to 0...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596799/the-rate-of-success-of-the-conservative-management-of-liver-trauma-in-a-developing-country
#8
S Buci, M Torba, A Gjata, I Kajo, Gj Bushi, K Kagjini
BACKGROUND: The conservative treatment of liver trauma has made important progress over the last 10 years at the Trauma University Hospital in Tirana, Albania. The percentage of success was 58.7%. The aims of this study were to analyze the conservative treatment of liver trauma and to compare the results with those in the literature. METHODS: This study was conducted prospectively from January 2009 to December 2012. We analyzed 173 patients admitted to our hospital with liver trauma...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526584/a-simple-algorithm-to-predict-falls-in-primary-care-patients-aged-65-to-74%C3%A2-years-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study
#9
Fernando Gomez, Yan Yan Wu, Mohammad Auais, Afshin Vafaei, Maria-Victoria Zunzunegui
OBJECTIVE: Primary care practitioners need simple algorithms to identify older adults at higher risks of falling. Classification and regression tree (CaRT) analyses are useful tools for identification of clinical predictors of falls. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Community-dwelling older adults at 5 diverse sites: Tirana (Albania), Natal (Brazil), Manizales (Colombia), Kingston (Ontario, Canada), and Saint-Hyacinthe (Quebec, Canada)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343089/cortisol-and-physical-performance-in-older-populations-findings-from-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study-imias
#10
Ana Carolina Patrício de Albuquerque Sousa, Alain Marchand, Angeles Garcia, Jose Fernando Gomez, Alban Ylli, Jack M Guralnik, Maria-Victoria Zunzunegui, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra
OBJECTIVE: To compare diurnal cortisol profiles across samples of older adults from diverse populations and to examine if differences in circadian cortisol secretion are associated with poor physical performance (SPPB<9). METHODS: Data were collected during the baseline survey of the International Mobility in Aging Study conducted in 2012 in Kingston (Canada), Saint-Hyacinthe (Canada), Tirana (Albania) and Manizales (Colombia). Salivary cortisol was collected from a subsample of 309 participants instructed to collect saliva on two consecutive days, and 5 different intervals each day: upon awakening (M1), 30min (M2) and 60min after awakening, at 15:00h and before bedtime (E)...
March 9, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043980/fear-of-falling-and-its-association-with-life-space-mobility-of-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-analysis-using-data-from-five-international-sites
#11
Mohammad Auais, Beatriz Alvarado, Ricardo Guerra, Carmen Curcio, Ellen E Freeman, Alban Ylli, Jack Guralnik, Nandini Deshpande
Background: fear of falling (FOF) is a major health concern among community-dwelling older adults that could restrict mobility. Objective: to examine the association of FOF with life-space mobility (i.e. the spatial area a person moves through in daily life) of community-dwelling older adults from five diverse sites. Methods: in total, 1,841 older adults (65-74 years) were recruited from Kingston, Canada; Saint-Hyacinthe, Canada; Tirana, Albania; Manizales, Colombia and Natal, Brazil...
May 1, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796564/parasites-and-vector-borne-diseases-in-client-owned-dogs-in-albania-infestation-with-arthropod-ectoparasites
#12
Enstela Shukullari, Dhimitër Rapti, Martin Visser, Kurt Pfister, Steffen Rehbein
To establish the diversity and seasonality of ectoparasite infestation in client-owned dogs in Albania, 602 dogs visiting four small animal clinics in Tirana from March 2010 to April 2011 inclusive were examined for ectoparasites by full body search and total body comb. In addition, ear swab specimens collected from all dogs and scrapings taken from skin lesions suspicious of mite infestation were examined for parasitic mites. Overall, 93 dogs (15.4 %, 95%CI 12.6-18.6) were demonstrated to be infested, and nine species of ectoparasites were identified: Ixodes ricinus, 0...
January 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737884/experiences-of-violence-across-life-course-and-its-effects-on-mobility-among-participants-in-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study
#13
Dimitri Taurino Guedes, Afshin Vafaei, Beatriz Eugenia Alvarado, Carmen Lucia Curcio, Jack M Guralnik, María Victoria Zunzunegui, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra
BACKGROUND: Life course exposure to violence may lead to disability in old age. We examine associations and pathways between life course violence and mobility disability in older participants of the International Mobility in Aging Study (IMIAS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study using IMIAS 2012 baseline. Men and women aged 65-74 years were recruited at 5 cities (n=1995): Kingston and Saint-Hyacinthe (Canada), Tirana (Albania), Manizales (Colombia) and Natal (Brazil)...
October 13, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703569/heart-failure-predictors-in-a-group-of-patients-with-myocardial-infarction
#14
Sokol Myftiu, Petrit Bara, Ilir Sharka, Artan Shkoza, Xhina Belshi, Edlira Rruci, Gentian Vyshka
AIM: The present study considers of the prevalence of heart failure (HF) in patients suffering from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the University Hospital Centre of Tirana (UHCT) "Mother Theresa"; the demographic and clinical characteristics of the sample during hospitalization; and the main predictors of heart failure occurrence inside the group of patients suffering an AMI. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During a period of study from 2013-2015 we studied demographic and clinical data from 587 consecutive patients presenting with AMI; Framingham criteria were adopted for classifying patients with HF upon admission...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698599/platelet-count-in-women-with-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-in-university-hospital-center-of-mother-and-child-healthcare-ko%C3%A3-o-gliozheni-tirana-albania
#15
Zamir Damani
INTRODUCTION: One of the most common and potential life threatening complications of pregnancy is pregnancy induced hypertension. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the relationship between platelet count and pregnancy induced hypertension. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty (20) patients (subjects) and twenty (20) healthy pregnant women (control) visiting the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital University of "Koço Gliozheni" Tirana Albania were registered in the study and followed during their pregnancy...
July 24, 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499852/carriage-of-multidrug-resistant-organisms-in-a-tertiary-university-hospital-in-albania-a-point-prevalence-survey
#16
Falzon A Parascandalo, P Zarb, E Tartari, D Lacej, S Bitincka, O Manastirliu, D Nika, M A Borg
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance has been recognised as a serious global Public Health problem. Prevalence of Multiple-Drug-Resistant (MDR) organism carriage in Albania is largely unknown since no national surveillance system is in place and few publications are accessible in the literature. METHODS: A 1-day point-prevalence-survey (PPS) screening for nasal methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and rectal MDR Gram-negative carriage was carried out at the high-dependency wards in the country's only tertiary care hospital, in Tirana...
2016: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477933/survival-probability-in-patients-with-liver-trauma
#17
Skender Buci, Agim Kukeli
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to assess the survival probability among patients with liver trauma injury using the anatomical and psychological scores of conditions, characteristics and treatment modes. Design/methodology/approach - A logistic model is used to estimate 173 patients' survival probability. Data are taken from patient records. Only emergency room patients admitted to University Hospital of Trauma (former Military Hospital) in Tirana are included. Data are recorded anonymously, preserving the patients' privacy...
August 8, 2016: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335597/risk-factors-for-postoperative-pulmonary-complications-after-abdominal-surgery
#18
Nertila Kodra, Vjollca Shpata, Ilir Ohri
BACKGROUND: Incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC) in patients undergoing non-cardiothoracic surgery remains high and the occurrence of these complications has enormous implications for the patient and the health care system. AIM: The aim of the study was to identify risk factors for PPC in patients undergoing abdominal surgical procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study in abdominal surgical patients, admitted to the emergency and surgical ward of the UHC of Tirana, Albania, was conducted during the period: March 2014-March 2015...
June 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27327236/fear-of-falling-as-a-risk-factor-of-mobility-disability-in-older-people-at-five-diverse-sites-of-the-imias-study
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Mohammad Auais, Beatriz E Alvarado, Carmen-Lucia Curcio, Angeles Garcia, Alban Ylli, Nandini Deshpande
BACKGROUND: Fear of falling (FoF) is a common health problem among older adults. Although the relationship between FoF and limitation in daily activities has been reported, FoF's relationship to mobility disability, a transitional phase to end-stage disability, is not yet understood. We examined the relationship between FoF and mobility disability among community-dwelling older adults and explored the differences in this relationship among socio-culturally diverse sites. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
September 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27284380/demographic-and-histopathological-characteristics-of-colorectal-polyps-a-descriptive-study-based-on-samples-obtained-from-symptomatic-patients-demografske-in-histopatolo%C3%A5-ke-zna%C3%A4-ilnosti-kolorektalnih-polipov-deskriptivna-raziskava-na-osnovi-vzorcev-pridobljenih
#20
Genta Cekodhima, Altin Cekodhima, Arben Beqiri, Mehdi Alimehmeti, Gerhard Sulo
BACKGROUND: Colorectal polyps (CP) are common among individuals older than 50 years. Some polyp types can precede colorectal cancer (CRC). This study aimed at describing histopathological characteristics of colorectal polyps in relation to age and gender among symptomatic patients referred for a colonoscopy examination during 2011-2014 in Tirana, Albania. METHODS: Study population included 267 individuals aged ≥ 20 years and diagnosed with ≥ 1 polyp during a colonoscopy examination...
June 1, 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
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