keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

padam

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665504/qualitative-evaluation-of-mental-health-training-of-auxiliary-nurse-midwives-in-rural-nepal
#1
Preeti K Mahato, Edwin van Teijlingen, Padam Simkhada, Catherine Angell, Jillian Ireland
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mental illness is increasingly recognized as a global health problem. However, in many countries, including Nepal, it is difficult to talk about mental health problems due to the stigma associated with it. Hence a training programme was developed to train auxiliary nurse midwives, who otherwise are not trained in mental health as part of their pre-registration training in rural Nepal, on issues related to maternal mental health. After the training programme a selection of auxiliary nurse midwives were interviewed to establish their views on the training, its usefulness and ways to improve it...
April 2, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489032/ghrelin-for-the-management-of-cachexia-associated-with-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Mahalaqua Nazli Khatib, Anuraj H Shankar, Richard Kirubakaran, Abhay Gaidhane, Shilpa Gaidhane, Padam Simkhada, Zahiruddin Quazi Syed
BACKGROUND: Cancer sufferers are amongst the most malnourished of all the patient groups. Studies have shown that ghrelin, a gut hormone can be a potential therapeutic agent for cachexia (wasting syndrome) associated with cancer. A variety of mechanisms of action of ghrelin in people with cancer cachexia have been proposed. However, safety and efficacy of ghrelin for cancer-associated cachexia have not been systematically reviewed. The aim of this review was to assess whether ghrelin is associated with better food intake, body composition and survival than other options for adults with cancer cachexia...
February 28, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488392/new-lignan-glycosides-from-cissus-quadrangularis-stems
#3
Padam Kumar, Kapil Dev, Khushbu Sharma, Mahendra Sahai, Rakesh Maurya
Phytochemical investigation of Cissus quadrangularis stems led to the isolation of one new phenolic glycoside (1) and two new lignan glycosides (7 & 8) along with twelve known compounds (2-6 & 9-15). Their chemical structures were determined on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis using 1D, 2D NMR, and mass spectrometric analysis. Among the known compounds, 4-6, 9 and 12 were isolated for the first time from the genus Cissus whereas compounds 10, 11 and 13 for the first time from this plant...
February 28, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456952/clinicopathological-significance-of-tumor-lymphatic-vessel-density-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#4
Padam Parmar, Nisha Marwah, Sanjeev Parshad, Taruna Yadav, Ashima Batra, Rajeev Sen
Various studies have demonstrated that the lymphatic system is the additional route for solid tumor metastasis. Lymph nodes metastasis in Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a major prognostic indicator for disease progression and a guide for therapeutic strategies. We conducted a study to compare intratumoral (IT) and peritumoral (PT) lymphatic vessel density (LVD) in HNSCC using lymphatic marker D2-40 and its correlation with lymph node metastasis, histological grading and other clinicopathological parameters...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347938/a-survey-of-health-problems-of-nepalese-female-migrants-workers-in-the-middle-east-and-malaysia
#5
Padam Simkhada, Edwin van Teijlingen, Manju Gurung, Sharada P Wasti
BACKGROUND: Nepal is a key supplier of labour for countries in the Middle East, India and Malaysia. As many more men than women leave Nepal to work abroad, female migrant workers are a minority and very much under-researched. The aim of the study was to explore the health problems of female Nepalese migrants working in the Middle-East and Malaysia. METHODS: The study was conducted among 1010 women who were registered as migrant returnees at an organisation called Pourakhi Nepal...
January 18, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304869/improving-local-health-through-community-health-workers-in-cambodia-challenges-and-solutions
#6
Kim Ozano, Padam Simkhada, Khem Thann, Rose Khatri
BACKGROUND: Volunteer community health workers (CHWs) are an important link between the public health system and the community. The 'Community Participation Policy for Health' in Cambodia identifies CHWs as key to local health promotion and as a critical link between district health centres and the community. However, research on the challenges CHWs face and identifying what is required to optimise their performance is limited in the Cambodian context. This research explores the views of CHWs in rural Cambodia, on the challenges they face when implementing health initiatives...
January 6, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218128/neurobrucellosis-presenting-as-pseudotumor-cerebri-first-report-from-oman
#7
Padam P Sharma, Mangudi V Murali, Tahsin Hamdi
A ten-year-old boy presented to the hospital with body ache and joint pains for two months and headache, vomiting, and skin rash for three days. He was drowsy and lethargic at admission. Physical examination revealed bilateral papilledema. There were no cranial nerve involvement, neuromotor deficit, or signs of meningeal irritation. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain did not reveal any evidence of cerebral edema or space occupying lesion. In view of the high endemicity of brucellosis in the area, Brucella agglutination test (BAT) was done at the time of admission and was negative...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090974/rising-costs-of-drug-insulin-treatment-for-diabetes-a-perspective-from-india
#8
Anoop Misra, Rupali Mukherjee, Atul Luthra, Padam Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042736/multiple-gingival-recession-coverage-treated-with-vestibular-incision-subperiosteal-tunnel-access-approach-with-or-without-platelet-rich-fibrin-a-case-series
#9
Surbhi Garg, Sachit Anand Arora, Shivjot Chhina, Padam Singh
BACKGROUND: Gingival recession involves both soft tissue and hard tissue loss. In this evolutionary era of dentistry, newer techniques have evolved for complete coverage of isolated recession defects. Since 2012, vestibular incision subperiosteal tunnel access (VISTA) technique was used with various regenerative membranes to treat multiple recession defects (MRDs). Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane, a pool of growth factors but have any added advantage to recession coverage techniques is controversial...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870185/the-contribution-of-female-community-health-volunteers-fchvs-to-maternity-care-in-nepal-a-qualitative-study
#10
Sarita Panday, Paul Bissell, Edwin van Teijlingen, Padam Simkhada
BACKGROUND: In resource-poor settings, the provision of basic maternity care within health centres is often a challenge. Despite the difficulties, Nepal reduced its maternal mortality ratio by 80% from 850 to an estimated 170 per 100,000 live births between 1991 and 2011 to achieve Millennium Development Goal Five. One group that has been credited for this is community health workers, known as Female Community Health Volunteers (FCHVs), who form an integral part of the government healthcare system...
September 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844364/factors-related-to-choice-of-place-of-birth-in-a-district-in-nepal
#11
Preeti K Mahato, Edwin van Teijlingen, Padam Simkhada, Zoe A Sheppard, Ram Chandra Silwal
OBJECTIVE: In Nepal, both percentage of women giving birth at health facility and proportion of birth assisted by skilled birth attendant is very low. The purpose of this research was to identify predictors for choice of place of birth: either at home, primary health care facility (including birthing centres) or at tertiary health care facilites (hospitals and clinics). METHODS: A cross-sectional household survey was conducted in seven village development committee of a district lying in plain area of Nepal: Nawalparasi...
October 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827870/effect-of-listening-to-vedic-chants-and-indian-classical-instrumental-music-on-patients-undergoing-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-a-randomized-control-trial
#12
Anita Padam, Neetu Sharma, O S K S Sastri, Shivani Mahajan, Rajesh Sharma, Deepak Sharma
BACKGROUND: A high level of preoperative anxiety is common among patients undergoing medical and surgical procedures. Anxiety impacts of gastroenterological procedures on psychological and physiological responses are worth consideration. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effect of listening to Vedic chants and Indian classical instrumental music on anxiety levels and on blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and oxygen saturation in patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804676/guide-to-the-design-and-application-of-online-questionnaire-surveys
#13
Pramod R Regmi, Elizabeth Waithaka, Anjana Paudyal, Padam Simkhada, Edwin van Teijlingen
Collecting research data through traditional approaches (face-to-face, postal or telephone survey) can be costly and time consuming. The emerging data collection approach based on internet/e-based technologies (e.g. online platforms and email), is a relatively cost effective survey alternative. These novel data collection strategies can collect large amounts of data from participants in a short time frame. Similarly, they also seem to be feasible and effective in collecting data on sensitive issues or with samples they are generally hard to reach, for example, men who have sex with men (MSM) or migrants...
December 2016: Nepal journal of epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770126/anorectal-malformations-histomorphological-and-immunohistochemical-evaluation-of-neuronal-dysfunction
#14
Yashika Bhatia, Sunita Singh, Kamal Nain Rattan, Padam Parmar, Divya Sahni, Rajeev Sen
OBJECTIVE: The patients with anorectal malformations (ARM) have been identified with specific and non-specific pathological changes. The present study was conducted with the aim to study histomorphological changes and various immunohistochemical (IHC) markers (calretinin, S-100, CD117) in intestinal wall specimens to assess neuronal dysfunction in ARM patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty children having ARM were included in our study. In all the cases, a representative biopsy was received...
April 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746354/spatio-temporal-epidemiology-of-japanese-encephalitis-in-nepal-2007-2015
#15
Dhan Kumar Pant, Tenzin Tenzin, Rakesh Chand, Barun Kumar Sharma, Padam Raj Bist
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a major public health problem in Nepal. For the effective management and surveillance of JE, a clear understanding of its epidemiology is essential. Therefore, we conducted descriptive and spatial analyses to understand the spatio-temporal distribution of JE in human in Nepal. From 2007 to 2015, 1,823 JE cases were reported with a cumulative mean incidence of 0.735/100,000 population and a case fatality rate of 6.6%. The death rate in the up-to-24 years of age group was 74%. The JE cases were most commonly reported in the age group of 1-14 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664619/heartwood-extract-from-dalbergia-sissoo-promotes-fracture-healing-and-its-application-in-ovariectomy-induced-osteoporotic-rats
#16
Anirudha Karvande, Vikram Khedgikar, Priyanka Kushwaha, Naseer Ahmad, Priyanka Kothari, Ashwni Verma, Padam Kumar, Geet Kumar Nagar, Prabhat Ranjan Mishra, Rakesh Maurya, Ritu Trivedi
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of a heartwood ethanolic extract (HEE) made from the Dalbergia sissoo on facture healing and in the prevention of pathological bone loss resulting from estrogen deficiency in ovariectomized (Ovx) rats. METHODS: Heartwood ethanolic extract (250, 500 and 1000 mg/kg per day) was administered orally immediately next day after drill-hole injury and continued for 2 weeks. Ovx rats received HEE at same doses for 12 weeks and compared with 17-β estradiol (E2; 100 μg/kg for 5 days/week subcutaneously) group...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645002/synthesis-of-s-linked-trisaccharide-glycal-of-derhodinosylurdamycin-a-discovery-of-alkyl-thiocyanate-as-an-efficient-electrophile-for-stereoselective-sulfenylation-of-2-deoxy-glycosyl-lithium
#17
Padam P Acharya, Kedar N Baryal, Cristin E Reno, Jianglong Zhu
Stereoselective synthesis of S-linked trisaccharide glycal of angucycline antitumor antibiotic derhodinosylurdamycin A is described. The synthesis has been accomplished employing our previously reported umpolung S-glycosylation strategy - stereoselective sulfenylation of 2-deoxy glycosyl lithium. It was found that sugar-derived thiocyanate was a better electrophile than corresponding asymmetric disulfide in this type of stereoselective sulfenylation.
June 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536683/disseminated-invasive-aspergillosis-in-a-prolonged-stay-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#18
Gajender Singh, Sonu Kalyan, Sant Prakash Kataria, Jyoti Sharma, Padam Parmar, Meenu Gilotra, Rajeev Sen
Aspergillus is a common cause of invasive mycosis, especially in immunocompromised individuals. We report the case of a 62-year-old male who was hospitalized after suffering severe physical injuries and died after few weeks of hospitalization. A medicolegal autopsy was conducted, and various organs were sent for histopathological examination of which heart, lungs, and kidneys showed extensive involvement by aspergillus. Thus, a diagnosis of disseminated invasive aspergillosis was made on autopsy, which itself is a rare entity...
January 2017: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426117/identifying-the-gaps-in-nepalese-migrant-workers-health-and-well-being-a-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
Padam P Simkhada, Pramod R Regmi, Edwin van Teijlingen, Nirmal Aryal
Background: The health and well-being of migrant workers from low-income countries is often neglected in travel medicine. This article uses Nepal as a case study to highlight key issues affecting this particular group of international travellers. Methods: This narrative review used a comprehensive systematic literature search to identify relevant studies on Nepal. The included articles were thematically analysed leading to four key themes or risk factors. Results: The search found 18 articles from which we identified 3 key themes related directly to migrant workers: (1) sexual risk taking; (2) occupational health and (3) lifestyles, and a fourth theme related to partners and family of migrant workers who are left behind in Nepal...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274632/design-and-synthesis-of-dalbergin-analogues-and-evaluation-of-anti-osteoporotic-activity
#20
Padam Kumar, Priyanka Kushwaha, Naseer Ahmad, Saransh Wales Maurya, Kapil Dev, Vikram Khedgikar, Ibadur Rahman Siddiqui, Ritu Trivedi, Rakesh Maurya
The chemical modifications of the hydroxyl group of dalbergin have been described via the introduction of cyclic amine, ester and amide groups. Among the twenty-three prepared novel analogues of dalbergin, compound 4d (EC50 2.3μM) showed significantly increased proliferation as assessed by alkaline phosphatase activity and mineralization in calvarial osteoblast cells in vitro. Compound 4d, at a dose of 1.0mg/kg body weight exhibited the significant osteoprotective effect. It showed a significant increase in osteogenic gene expression RunX2 (∼4fold), ALP (∼5fold), OCN (∼4fold) and COL1 (∼4fold) as compared to control group at the same dose in vivo assay...
April 15, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
keyword
keyword
73267
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"