Read by QxMD icon Read

screening programs for cervical cancer

Masatoshi Inagaki, Masaki Fujiwara, Naoki Nakaya, Maiko Fujimori, Yuji Higuchi, Chinatsu Hayashibara, Ryuhei So, Kyoko Kakeda, Masafumi Kodama, Yosuke Uchitomi, Norihito Yamada
Health care disparities among people with schizophrenia is a global concern. Our previous study revealed cancer screening rates in Japanese people with schizophrenia lower than rates of approximately 40% of the general population. However, that study was based on self-reports, which can be inaccurate, and rates did not differentiate the types of cancer screening provider (i.e., municipal screening, collective opportunistic screening, and individual opportunistic screening). This study aimed to investigate records-based cancer screening rates, focusing on participation rates of people with schizophrenia who are subject to municipal cancer screening programs...
2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Hanna Artemchuk, Tina Triglav, Anja Oštrbenk, Mario Poljak, Joakim Dillner, Helena Faust
Background: The antibody response against HPV-16 and -18 is well known, but many genital HPV types are oncogenic. We assessed the correlation between HPV DNA and antibodies to eleven HPV types. Methods: 2,024 women attending the organized national cervical cancer screening program in Slovenia were tested for cervical high-risk HPV DNA (HPV-16,-18,-31,-33,-35,-39,-45,-52,-56,-58,-59,-68) and serum anti-HPV antibodies. 1,848 of these women were tested with the same methods three years earlier...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Nguyen Vu Quoc Huy, Le Minh Tam, Ngo Viet Quynh Tram, Dang Cong Thuan, Truong Quang Vinh, Cao Ngoc Thanh, Linus Chuang
This study aims to determine the diagnostic values of visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) and Pap smear in a cervical cancer screening program at a community level in Vietnam. A cross-sectional analysis was obtained, including 1034 women of reproductive age from Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam from 09/2012 to 09/2013. Samples were taken from cervixes for Pap smear testing, followed by visual inspection with acetic acid. Subjects with abnormal VIA and/or positive cytology results were invited for colposcopy and biopsy...
May 2018: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
Lulu Yu, Mingyue Jiang, Pengpeng Qu, Zeni Wu, Peisong Sun, Mingrong Xi, Yu Qin, Xin Liu, Guangdong Liao, Xiaoqin Lei, Lixin Sun, Yongzhen Zhang, Zhifang Li, Wen Chen, You-Lin Qiao
HPV-16 and -18 account for about 80% of cervical cancers. We evaluated the performance of HPV-16/18 oncoprotein to predict precancer and cancer in corresponding tissue biopsy specimens. 1008 women attending cervical cancer screening program and 638 women referred to colposcopy with biopsy-confirmed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN2+) from 4 hospitals were recruited (1646 in total). All women were tested OncoE6 (AVC), Liquid Based Cytology (Hologic) and cobas HPV test (Roche). Colposcopy was performed on women with any abnormal results...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Garth Funston, Helena O'Flynn, Neil A J Ryan, Willie Hamilton, Emma J Crosbie
Early diagnosis of symptomatic gynecological cancer is likely to improve patient outcomes, including survival. The primary care practitioner has a key role to play in this-they must recognize the symptoms and signs of gynecological cancer and make prompt evidence-based decisions regarding further investigation and referral. However, this is often difficult as many of the symptoms of gynecological cancers are nonspecific and are more likely to be caused by benign rather than malignant disease. As primary care is generally the first point of patient contact, those working in this setting usually encounter cancer patients at an earlier, and possibly less symptomatic, stage than practitioners in secondary care...
March 7, 2018: Advances in Therapy
V Szabóová, V Švihrová, J Švihra, L Rišková, H Hudečková
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the work was to validate the Slovak version of the CPC-28 questionnaire (Beliefs about Papanicolaou and Cervical Cancer). DESIGN: Original study. SETTING: Department of Public Health, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine in Martin, Comenius University in Bratislava, in co-operation with gynaecological centers in University Hospital Martin and district Martin, Slovakia. METHODS: The original English version of the CPC-28 questionnaire was translated into Slovak language...
2018: Ceská Gynekologie
Jérôme Viguier, Jean-François Morère, Xavier Pivot, Chantal Touboul, Christine Lhomel, Sébastien Couraud, Thibault de La Motte Rouge, François Eisinger
BACKGROUND: The EDIFICE surveys have assessed cancer screening behavior in the French population since 2005. METHODS: The 2016 edition was conducted among a representative sample of 1501 individuals (age, 50-75 years). The current analysis focuses on breast, colorectal, prostate, lung, and cervical cancer screening. RESULTS: The rate of women (50 to 74 years) declaring having had at least one breast cancer screening test in their lifetime remained stable and high between 2005 and 2016...
March 5, 2018: Current Oncology Reports
Mark H Ebell, Thuy Nhu Thai, Kyle J Royalty
Background: Recommendations regarding cancer screening vary from country to country, and may also vary within countries depending on the organization making the recommendations. The goal of this study was to summarize the cancer screening recommendations from the 21 countries with the highest per capita spending on healthcare. Main body: Cancer screening guidelines were identified for each country based on a review of the medical literature, internet searches, and contact with key informants in most countries...
2018: Public Health Reviews
Elise Harder, Kirsten E Juul, Signe M Jensen, Louise T Thomsen, Kirsten Frederiksen, Susanne K Kjaer
Cervical cancer occurs most often in under-screened women. In this nationwide register study, we described differences in sociodemographic characteristics between passive and active non-participants and examined socio-demographic characteristics, reproductive history, and mental and physical health as potential determinants for passive non-participation compared with participation in the Danish cervical cancer screening program. Screening history in women aged 23-49 years invited for cervical cancer screening in 2008-2009 was retrieved from the Danish Pathology Databank with information about dates of invitation and unsubscription...
March 6, 2018: Preventive Medicine
H L Bao, L H Wang, L M Wang, L W Fang, M Zhang, Z P Zhao, S Cong
Objective: To estimate the cervical and breast cancer screening coverage and related factors among women aged 35-69 years who were in the National Cervical and Breast Screening Program, to provide evidence for improving cervical and breast cancer control and prevention strategy. Methods: Data used in this study were abstracted from the 2013 Chinese Chronic Diseases and Risk Factors Surveillance Program. A total of 66 130 women aged 35-64 years and 72 511 women aged 35-69 years were included for this study. Weighted prevalence, (with 95% confidence interval, CI ) was calculated for complex sampling design...
February 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
P J Toliman, J M Kaldor, S N Tabrizi, A J Vallely
The estimated cervical cancer burden is over ten-fold greater in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) than in high-income countries. This health gap is thought to be primarily due to limited access to effective screening and treatment programs for cervical pre-cancer and cancer in such settings. The World Health Organization advocates a policy of 'screen and treat' approach to cervical screening in LMICs and subsequently visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid (VIA) or Lugo's iodine (VILI), followed by ablative cervical cryotherapy if indicated, and this policy has been implemented in many high-burden settings...
February 28, 2018: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
Thanthima Suwanthawornkul, Naiyana Praditsitthikorn, Wantanee Kulpeng, Manuel Alexander Haasis, Anna Melissa Guerrero, Yot Teerawattananon
Background: Many economic evaluations ignore economies of scale in their cost estimation, which means that cost parameters are assumed to have a linear relationship with the level of production. Economies of scale is the situation when the average total cost of producing a product decreases with increasing volume caused by reducing the variable costs due to more efficient operation. This study investigates the significance of applying the economies of scale concept: the saving in costs gained by an increased level of production in economic evaluation of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccinations...
2018: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
Mansoureh Refaei, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Zohreh Khakbazan, Mansoureh Yazdkhasti, Arezoo Shayan
Background: Adherence to regular screening programs for cervical cancer in Iranian women is not common. The aim of this study was to explore contextual factors influencing behavior and compliance with guidelines. Methods: This qualitative content analysis study was conducted in 2016-2017 in Hamadan city, Iran. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 31 participants who were selected purposefully on referring to health centers. Twenty-three were women with various experiences of cervical cancer screening and 8 were health care providers (4 midwives, 1 gynecologist, 1 general practitioner and 1 family health expert)...
February 26, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Emanuela Anastasi, Silvia Gigli, Laura Ballesio, Antonio Angeloni, Lucia Manganaro
Gynecological tumors, including endometrial, cervical and ovarian cancer, have increased in incidence over time. The widespread introduction of screening programs and advances in diagnostic imaging methods has lead to a progressive increase in gynecological cancer detection. Accurate diagnosis and proper monitoring of disease remain the primary target for a successful treatment. In the last years, knowledge about cancer biomarkers has considerably increased providing great opportunities for improving cancer detection and treatment...
February 26, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Satoyo Hosono, Teruhiko Terasawa, Takafumi Katayama, Seiju Sasaki, Keika Hoshi, Chisato Hamashima
The Bethesda system (TBS) has been used for cervical cytological diagnosis in Japan since 2008. Evaluation of specimen adequacy is the most important aspect of quality assurance and for precise diagnosis in TBS. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to assess the unsatisfactory specimen rate in the primary cervical cancer screening setting in Japan. Ovid MEDLINE and Ichushi-Web were searched from inception through May 2017. Prospective and retrospective studies that reported the proportion of unsatisfactory specimens in healthy asymptomatic Japanese women in a cervical cancer screening program were eligible for inclusion; 17 studies were included in the meta-analysis...
February 25, 2018: Cancer Science
Heike Thiel de Bocanegra, Sandy K Navarro, Narissa J Nonzee, Sitaram Vangala, Xinkai Zhou, Charlene Chang, Anna-Barbara Moscicki
OBJECTIVE: Guidelines recommend 3-year cervical cancer screening intervals to avoid unnecessary invasive procedures; however, regular testing remains critical. We evaluated trends in cervical cancer screening among low-income women receiving family planning-related services and their association with patient and provider characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using claims and enrollment data from California's publicly funded family planning program, we identified 540,026 women with a clinician visit at 216 sites between 2011 and 2015...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Tessa S Cook
Cancer screening initiatives exist around the world for different malignancies, most frequently breast, colorectal, and cervical cancer. A number of cancer registries exist to collect relevant data, but while these data may include imaging findings, they rarely, if ever, include actual images. Additionally, the data submitted to the registry are usually correlated with eventual cancer diagnoses and patient outcomes, rather than used with the individual's future screenings. Developing screening programs that allow for images to be submitted to a central location in addition to patient meta-data and used for comparison to future screening exams would be very valuable in increasing access to care and ensuring that individuals are effectively screened from year to year...
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
G Narayana, M Jyothi Suchitra, G Sunanda, J Dasaratha Ramaiah, B Pradeep Kumar, K V Veerabhadrappa
INTRODUCTION: Cervical cancer-related deaths among women in India are often due to late diagnosis of disease. Knowledge about disease and early screening is the most effective measure for cervical cancer prevention. Lack of awareness, negative attitude, and poor practice about cervical cancer and screening are the major causes to increase the incidence of disease. AIM: The study is designed to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) toward cervical cancer, screening, and prevention...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Cancer
Mónica Saccucci, Eduardo L Franco, Lili Ding, David I Bernstein, Darron Brown, Jessica A Kahn
BACKGROUND: We examined non-vaccine-type HPV prevalence in a community before and over the first eight years after vaccine introduction, to assess for 1) type replacement with any non-vaccine type HPV and 2) cross-protection with non-vaccine types genetically related to vaccine-type HPV. METHODS: Sexually experienced 13-26-year-old women were recruited for three cross-sectional studies from 2006-2014 (N=1180). Outcome variables were: 1) prevalence of ≥ 1 of 32 anogenital non-vaccine-type HPVs and 2) prevalence of ≥ 1 HPV type genetically related to HPV16 and HPV18...
October 4, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Jung Hyun Lee, Hyeongsu Kim, Heejung Choi, Hyoseon Jeong, Young Ko, Seung-Hyuk Shim, Eunjoo Lee, Su Hyun Chae
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the contributions and limitations of the cervical cancer screening test with the accuracy in Korea. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study. The study population consisted of all participants in cervical cancer screening test from 2009 to 2014 by using National Health Information Database (NHID) which is represents medical use records of most Korean. As the indices for contributions and limitations of the screening test, crude detection rate, incidence rate of interval cancer, sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value were used...
January 2, 2018: Asian Nursing Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"