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screening programs for cervical cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440019/cervical-cancer-risk-and-impact-of-pap-based-screening-in-hiv-positive-women-on-antiretroviral-therapy-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#1
Eliane Rohner, Mazvita Sengayi, Bridgette Goeieman, Pamela Michelow, Cindy Firnhaber, Mhairi Maskew, Julia Bohlius
Data on invasive cervical cancer (ICC) incidence in HIV-positive women and the effect of cervical cancer screening in sub-Saharan Africa are scarce. We estimated i) ICC incidence rates in women (≥18 years) who initiated antiretroviral therapy (ART) at the Themba Lethu Clinic (TLC) in Johannesburg, South Africa, between 2004-2011; and ii) the effect of a Pap-based screening program. We included 10,640 women; median age at ART initiation: 35 years (interquartile range [IQR] 30-42), median CD4 count at ART initiation: 113 cells/µl (IQR 46-184)...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431558/epidemiology-and-genotype-distribution-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-in-southwest-china-a-cross-sectional-five-years-study-in-non-vaccinated-women
#2
Yishu Tang, Lan Zheng, Shuangshuang Yang, Bing Li, Huiting Su, Li-Ping Zhang
BACKGROUND: Large-size data on type-specific HPV prevalence in Southwest China are required to estimate the cervical cancer burden in the country and to prepare for HPV-based cervical screening program and further HPV vaccination of China. This HPV study is a pooled analysis of data from five years in Chongqing of China, which is cross-sectional in design using data collecting. RESULTS: The positivity of HPV was 26.2% (10542/40311), single type was 25.7% (10360/40311), multiple type was 8...
April 21, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428642/-technology-and-prevention-in-the-era-of-mobile-health-applications-for-cancer-screening-programs
#3
Fabrizio Bert, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Salvatore Clemente, Giulia Villa, Roberta Siliquini
The Italian national health system provides screening to detect breast, colorecatal and cervical cancers, however, population adherence is not as high as expected. Smartphones and their applications (apps) could be used as a tool to communicate with the population and to help improve adherence. The aim of this study was to analyze the features and functions of smartphone applications aimed at secondary prevention of oncological diseases. In February 2016, we reviewed online app stores, using specific key-words, to search for available apps for cancer screening...
January 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409674/comparing-rural-and-urban-cervical-and-breast-cancer-screening-rates-in-a-privately-insured-population
#4
John Orwat, Nadine Caputo, Whitney Key, Jeanne De Sa
Low preventive screening varies by region and contributes to poor outcomes for breast and cervical cancer. Previous comparative urban and rural research on preventive screening has focused on government programs. This study quantified and compared rural and urban preventive cancer screening rates for women who were privately insured. National Quality Forum measures were used to calculate rates for women within rural and urban parts of the same Hospital Referral Region (HRR) using claims data. Mammography screening rates for women age 24 to 69 years were 77...
April 14, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406406/cervical-cancer-in-sub-saharan-africa-an-emerging-and-preventable-disease-associated-with-oncogenic-human-papillomavirus
#5
R S Mboumba Bouassa, T Prazuck, T Lethu, J F Meye, L Bélec
Highly oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are responsible for 7.7 % of cancers in developing countries, mainly cervical cancer. The incidence of this emerging cancer is steadily increasing in sub-Saharan Africa, with more than 75,000 new cases and close to 50,000 deaths a year, a toll further increased by HIV infection. According to the World Health Organization, cervical cancer will kill more than 443,000 women per year worldwide by 2030, nearly 90 % of them in sub-Saharan Africa. This increase in cervical cancer incidence in Africa is now counteracting the progress made by African women in reducing maternal mortality and increasing longevity...
February 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404931/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-utility-of-endocervical-curettage-in-screening-population
#6
Yan Song, Yu-Qian Zhao, Ling Li, Qin-Jin Pan, Nan Li, Fang-Hui Zhao, Wen Chen, Xun Zhang, You-Lin Qiao
The performance of endocervical curettage (ECC) is a dispute in population screening programs. Data of 3,460 women referred to colposcopy examination and had completed pathological results in the Shanxi Province Cervical Cancer Screening Study I and II were reviewed. Among them, 0.6% and 2.7% women were identified as the histopathological confirmed high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion or worse (HSIL+) by ECC alone or both ECC and quadrants biopsy respectively. Age, cytology, and colposcopy impression are the impact factors for the HSIL+ yield of ECC (P<0...
February 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403967/organization-and-first-results-of-cervical-cancer-screening-program-in-mayotte-from-2010-to-2014
#7
Z Stewart, E Garcin, A Nazac, C Mezan de Malartic, C Georges, A Cimmino
OBJECTIVES: Our main goal was to report the organization of individual screening for uterus cancer in Mayotte, the last French department since 2011, and its first results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Epidemiological and observational study describing the prior situation, the beginning of the screening with pap smears in 2010, the colposcopy consultations and the treatment of the patients by the Mayotte network for screening of cancers since 2010. RESULTS: The screening allowed an improvement of the global cover rate from 5% to 24% in 5 years...
February 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390142/genotypic-diversity-of-anogenital-human-papillomavirus-in-women-attending-cervical-cancer-screening-in-harare-zimbabwe
#8
Racheal S Dube Mandishora, Irene Kraus Christiansen, Nyasha Chin'ombe, Kerina Duri, Bernard Ngara, Trine B Rounge, Roger Meisal, Ole Herman Ambur, Joel M Palefsky, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Zvavahera M Chirenje
BACKGROUND: Although anogenital cancers have been on a gradual rise in developing countries in the past few decades, they have been understudied. OBJECTIVE: To investigate genotypic diversity of anogenital HPV amongst women reporting for routine cervical cancer screening in Harare in Zimbabwe. METHODS: A cross sectional study that enrolled 144 women ≥18 years from a cervical cancer-screening clinic was performed. Each woman provided a self-collected cervico-vaginal swab (VS) and a clinician collected anal swab (CCAS)...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378404/a-cross-sectional-study-on-hpv-testing-with-type-16-18-genotyping-for-cervical-cancer-screening-in-11-064-chinese-women
#9
Qiongyan Wu, Xiumin Zhao, Yunfeng Fu, Xinyu Wang, Xiaofei Zhang, Xun Tian, Bei Cheng, Bingjian Lu, Xiao Yu, Suqiu Lan, Weiguo Lu, Ding Ma, Xiaodong Cheng, Xing Xie
Cytology-based cervical cancer screening is restricted because of a lack of cytologists. Thus, HPV-based instead of cytology-based screening may be a more suitable strategy in China. Here, we assessed the effectiveness of HPV testing (Cobas(®) 4800 Test, Roche) and HPV-based programs to detect high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) or cancer compared with cytology (Thinprep, Hologic) and cytology-based programs through a cross-sectional study in 11,064 Chinese women aged 21-65 years who were enrolled from Longyou County in Zhejiang Province, China...
April 4, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369882/worldwide-burden-of-cancer-attributable-to-hpv-by-site-country-and-hpv-type
#10
Catherine de Martel, Martyn Plummer, Jerome Vignat, Silvia Franceschi
HPV is the cause of almost all cervical cancer and is responsible for a substantial fraction of other anogenital cancer and oropharyngeal cancer. Understanding the HPV-attributable cancer burden can boost programs of HPV vaccination and HPV-based cervical screening. Attributable fractions (AF) and the relative contributions of different HPV types were derived from published studies reporting on the prevalence of transforming HPV infection in cancer tissue. Maps of age-standardized incidence rates of HPV-attributable cancers by country from GLOBOCAN 2012 data are shown separately for the cervix, other anogenital tract, and head and neck cancers...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365936/new-software-for-collecting-data-from-the-organized-cervical-cancer-screening-program-in-serbia-are-we-on-the-threshold-of-a-new-screening-registry-a-multicentric-study
#11
Tamara Naumovic, Vesna Lakic, Ana Jovicevic, Dragan Ilic, Predrag Milosevic, Vesna Stevic-Gajic, Ana Antonijevic, Nada Milovanovic, Ivica Magdic, Rajko Koricanac, Sasa Malkov, Igor Grkavac, Milos Mihajlovic, Slavisa Djuricic, Branislava Zivkovic, Uros Stegic, Zorka Milovanovic, Dejan Opric, Marija Knezevic, Verica Jovanovic, Zoran Todorovic, Dusan Todorovic
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to present the Screening Registry and the results of organized cervical cancer screening program (OCCSP) in the Republic of Serbia using a database made as an output model, linked with the Screening Registry. METHODS: Data were respectively collected over a onemonth period from 3 state primary health care centers (and related hospitals/clinical center) in central Serbia in which OCCSP was conducted. The sample consisted of women of the target population (25 to 64 years old) who responded the call for Pap test...
January 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365934/organised-cervical-cancer-screening-programme-in-the-belgrade-municipality-of-cukarica-evaluation-of-process-indicators
#12
Miomir Milenkovic, Tamara Naumovic, Zivko Perisic, Dusan Milenkovic
PURPOSE: To evaluate the process indicators for monitoring the Organized Cervical Cancer Screening Programme (OCCSP) conducted in the Belgrade municipality of Cukarica within the first three-year interval, and to compare Pap test coverage for women aged 25 to 64 before and after implementing the organised programme. METHODS: We analyzed the coverage by invitation, compliance with invitation and coverage by Pap test for the first three-year interval of the OCCSP (20th Dec 2012 - 19th Dec 2015) as well as the results of opportunistic screening for the same period and coverage by Pap test for women aged 25 to 64 for the last three years prior to the implementation of the OCCSP...
January 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363164/effect-of-naturally-acquired-type-specific-serum-antibodies-against-human-papillomavirus-type-16-infection
#13
Tina Triglav, Hanna Artemchuk, Anja Oštrbenk, K Miriam Elfström, Helena Faust, Mario Poljak, Joakim Dillner
BACKGROUND: While vaccine-induced antibodies are known to confer protection against incident human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, there is inconsistent data regarding the protective effect of naturally acquired anti-HPV antibodies. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the protective effect of naturally acquired anti-HPV16 serum antibodies against incident anogenital infection with HPV16 in females aged 20-64 years and to assess whether antibodies influence the persistence/clearance of anogenital HPV16 infection...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362653/population-based-organized-cervical-cancer-screening-pilot-program-in-france
#14
Françoise F Hamers, Nicolas Duport, Nathalie Beltzer
In France, cervical cancer screening is recommended every 3 years for women aged 25-65 years. With the exception of a few local organized programs, screening is mainly opportunistic. In view of setting up a nationwide population-based organized screening program, a pilot intervention was implemented in nine geographic areas using a common protocol. Women aged 25-65 years who had not undergone a cytological screening in the past 3 years were invited for screening during 2010-2012 and reminded up to 1 year after the initial invitation...
March 30, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355365/the-acceptability-of-vaginal-smear-self-collection-for-screening-for-cervical-cancer-a-systematic-review
#15
Natalia Serrano Doratioto Faria Braz, Noely Paula Cristina Lorenzi, Isabel Cristina Esposito Sorpreso, Lana Maria de Aguiar, Edmund Chada Baracat, José Maria Soares-Júnior
Cervical cancer is a major cause of death in adult women. However, many women do not undergo cervical cancer screening for the following reasons: fear, shame, physical limitations, cultural or religious considerations and lack of access to health care services. Self-collected vaginal smears maybe an alternative means of including more women in cervical cancer screening programs. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the acceptability of vaginal smear self-collection for cervical cancer screening...
March 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346680/human-papillomavirus-in-cervical-cancer-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-one-cause-two-diseases
#16
REVIEW
Tara A Berman, John T Schiller
Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes greater than 5% of cancers worldwide, including all cervical cancers and an alarmingly increasing proportion of oropharyngeal cancers (OPCs). Despite markedly reduced cervical cancer incidence in industrialized nations with organized screening programs, cervical cancer remains the second most common cause of death from cancer in women worldwide, as developing countries lack resources for universal, high-quality screening. In the United States, HPV-related OPC is only 1 of 5 cancers with a rising incidence since 1975 and now has taken over the cervix as the most common site of HPV-related cancer...
March 27, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345331/cervical-cancer-screening-in-iranian-women-healthcare-practitioner-perceptions-and-views
#17
Mansoureh Refaei, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Zohreh Khakbazan, Minoo Pakgohar
Background: Although regular screening for cervical cancer with the Papanicolaou test is an important element for reducing the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer, the actual screening program in Iranian women is not sufficiently comprehensive at present. The purpose of this study was to explore healthcare provider perceptions of factors affecting cervical cancer screening in Iranian women. Methods: In this qualitative study performed from September 2015 to August 2016 in Hamadan, Iran, we conducted semi-structured in depth interviews with 14 healthcare providers selected purposefully...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328247/-assessment-of-the-pilot-program-for-cervical-cancer-screening-by-health-visitors
#18
Réka Vajda, Csilla Árváné Egri, Attila Kovács, András Budai, Lajos Döbrőssy, Róbert Koiss, Zsuzsanna Kívés, Imre Boncz
INTRODUCTION: Within the tender (6.1.3.A-13/1-2013-0001) supported by the European Union, we wished to involve health visitors into the organized cervical cancer screening program. AIM: The aim of our survey was to assess the satisfaction of health visitors, instructors, and that of the teaching aids. Furthermore, we wished to assess whether the teaching materials met the expectations. METHOD: Satisfaction of the health visitors was assessed by a survey, in four groups of questions...
March 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322534/indicators-for-monitoring-screening-programs-with-primary-hpv-test
#19
Manuel Zorzi, Paolo Giorgi Rossi
BACKGROUND: following scientific evidence produced in numerous studies, as well as national and international guidelines, organized cervical cancer screening programs in Italy have gradually introduced the HPV test as primary screening test, replacing cytology. As public health interventions, screening programs must ensure equity, improvement in quality of life, and adequate information for the population involved with regards to benefits and possible risks; therefore, it is essential for quality to be constantly checked at every phase of the project...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320374/using-a-multimethod-approach-to-develop-implementation-strategies-for-a-cervical-self-sampling-program-in-kenya
#20
Irene Podolak, Caroline Kisia, Gloria Omosa-Manyonyi, Jarold Cosby
BACKGROUND: Numerous health policy makers/researchers are concerned about the limitations of research being applied to support informed decision/policy making and the implementation of practical solutions. The aim of the Chaguo Letu project (which means our choice in Swahili) was to determine how local decision makers could apply a multimethod approach to make strategic decisions to effectively implement a Cervical Self-Sampling Program in Kenya. METHODS: A multimethod approach, involving participatory action research, scenario based planning, and phenomenology, was applied in conjunction with two tools to identify relevant factors (negative or positive) that could impact Cervical Self-Sampling Program implementation...
March 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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