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screening programs for cervical cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328247/-assessment-of-the-pilot-program-for-cervical-cancer-screening-by-health-visitors
#1
Réka Vajda, Csilla Árváné Egri, Attila Kovács, András Budai, Lajos Döbrőssy, Róbert Koiss, Zsuzsanna Kívés, Imre Boncz
INTRODUCTION: Within the tender (6.1.3.A-13/1-2013-0001) supported by the European Union, we wished to involve health visitors into the organized cervical cancer screening program. AIM: The aim of our survey was to assess the satisfaction of health visitors, instructors, and that of the teaching aids. Furthermore, we wished to assess whether the teaching materials met the expectations. METHOD: Satisfaction of the health visitors was assessed by a survey, in four groups of questions...
March 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322534/indicators-for-monitoring-screening-programs-with-primary-hpv-test
#2
Manuel Zorzi, Paolo Giorgi Rossi
BACKGROUND: following scientific evidence produced in numerous studies, as well as national and international guidelines, organized cervical cancer screening programs in Italy have gradually introduced the HPV test as primary screening test, replacing cytology. As public health interventions, screening programs must ensure equity, improvement in quality of life, and adequate information for the population involved with regards to benefits and possible risks; therefore, it is essential for quality to be constantly checked at every phase of the project...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320374/using-a-multimethod-approach-to-develop-implementation-strategies-for-a-cervical-self-sampling-program-in-kenya
#3
Irene Podolak, Caroline Kisia, Gloria Omosa-Manyonyi, Jarold Cosby
BACKGROUND: Numerous health policy makers/researchers are concerned about the limitations of research being applied to support informed decision/policy making and the implementation of practical solutions. The aim of the Chaguo Letu project (which means our choice in Swahili) was to determine how local decision makers could apply a multimethod approach to make strategic decisions to effectively implement a Cervical Self-Sampling Program in Kenya. METHODS: A multimethod approach, involving participatory action research, scenario based planning, and phenomenology, was applied in conjunction with two tools to identify relevant factors (negative or positive) that could impact Cervical Self-Sampling Program implementation...
March 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297074/cost-effectiveness-of-cervical-cancer-screening-methods-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Alex K Mezei, Heather L Armstrong, Heather N Pedersen, Nicole G Campos, Sheona M Mitchell, Musa Sekikubo, Josaphat K Byamugisha, Jane J Kim, Stirling Bryan, Gina S Ogilvie
The incidence of cervical cancer in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is five times higher than that observed in high-income countries (HICs). This discrepancy is largely attributed to the implementation of cytology-based screening programmes in HICs. However, due to reduced health system infrastructure requirements, HPV testing (self- and provider-collected), and visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) have been proposed as alternatives that may be better suited to LMICs. Knowing the relative value of different screening options can inform policy and the development of sustainable prevention programs...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285418/the-effect-of-education-on-the-early-diagnosis-of-breast-and-cervix-cancer-on-the-women-s-attitudes-and-behaviors-regarding-participating-in-screening-programs
#5
Semra Kocaöz, Hanife Özçelik, Melek Serpil Talas, Fulya Akkaya, Fatma Özkul, Ayla Kurtuluş, Fahriye Ünlü
The objective of this paper was to define the effect of education on the early diagnosis of breast and cervix cancer on the women's attitudes and behaviors regarding participating in Cancer Early Diagnosis, Screening and Training Centers-CEDSTC screening programs. This semi-experimental study was completed with 342 women. The data were collected with forms "Champion's Health Belief Model Scale Breast Cancer-HBMSBC" and "Health Belief Model Scale for Cervical Cancer and the Pap Smear Test-HBMSCCPST." When the women's health beliefs before and after 6 months of the education about the early diagnosis of breast and cervical cancers are considered, it is seen that the HBMSBC subscales health motivation, breast self-examination (BSE), and evasion to mammography (MMG) decreased and BSE self-efficacy and MMG benefit attitudes increased and HBMSCCPST subscales pap smear benefit attitudes increased and evasion to pap smear attitude decreased (p < 0...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279589/difference-of-stage-at-cancer-diagnosis-by-socioeconomic-status-for-four-target-cancers-of-the-national-cancer-screening-program-in-korea-results-from-the-gwangju-and-jeonnam-cancer-registries
#6
Sun-Seog Kweon, Min-Gyeong Kim, Mi-Ran Kang, Min-Ho Shin, Jin-Su Choi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether stage at cancer diagnosis differed according to patient economic status. METHODS: A total of 10,528 patients with cancer of the stomach, colorectum, breast, or cervix, which are target organs of the Korean National Cancer Screening Program (NCSP; fully implemented in 2005) were extracted from population-based cancer registries. The patients were classified into four groups based on socioeconomic status (SES), as determined using their National Health Insurance (NHI) monthly premium at the time of cancer diagnosis...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279263/the-time-is-now-to-implement-hpv-testing-for-primary-screening-in-low-resource-settings
#7
Louise Kuhn, Lynette Denny
Unacceptable disparities in cervical cancer between richer and poorer countries persist and serve as reminders of gross disparities in access to and quality of screening services. HPV testing is well-suited to address some of the barriers to implementing adequate screening programs in low resource settings. HPV testing has considerably better sensitivity than cytology providing the same extent of safety with fewer rounds of screening. New robust HPV testing platforms require little to no skill by laboratory workers and some can be used at the point-of-care...
May 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279262/considerations-for-hpv-primary-screening-in-lower-middle-income-countries
#8
Mauricio Maza, Julia C Gage
The accumulated scientific evidence now provides ample support for HPV primary screening as a superior method for detecting cervical precancer and preventing cervical cancer. Approximately half of the global burden of cervical cancer could be reduced in lower-middle income countries where attempts to implement traditional cytology-based programs have not experienced successes. In these countries screening programs have struggled with poor screening and diagnostic test sensitivity, difficulties maintaining quality control and adequate population coverage...
May 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279261/cervical-cancer-prevention-in-upper-middle-income-countries
#9
Ana Cecilia Rodríguez, Jorge Salmerón
The manuscripts by Tota et al. and by Rossi et al., in this issue of Preventive Medicine provide ample evidence regarding the urgent need to switch to HPV based screening programs and how it will become even more imperative once HPV vaccinated girls reach the cervical cancer screening age. Worldwide primary prevention with vaccination is the final goal; but, in the coming 2 to 3 decades most of the prevention should be done through screening and treatment of precancerous lesions. Cervical cancer remains a major public health problem in upper-middle income countries (UMICs)...
May 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279260/hpv-based-cervical-cancer-screening-facts-fiction-and-misperceptions
#10
Nicolas Wentzensen, Marc Arbyn
Several randomized trials have demonstrated that HPV-based cervical cancer screening is more effective than cytology-based screening. A pooled analysis of long-term follow-up data from these trials has shown reduced cervical cancer mortality in women screened with HPV compared to cytology. As a consequence, many health systems are currently transitioning to HPV-based screening programs. However, there are several controversies that influence whether and how HPV-based cervical cancer screening is implemented in different settings...
May 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279212/rna-extraction-method-is-crucial-for-human-papillomavirus-e6-e7-oncogenes-detection
#11
Nerea Fontecha, Maria Carmen Nieto, Daniel Andía, Ramón Cisterna, Miren Basaras
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA testing plays a main role in the management of cervical cancer, however to improve the specificity in cervical screening, there is a need to develop and validate different approaches that can identify women at risk for progressive disease. Nowadays, mRNA expression of viral E6 and E7 HPV oncogenes stands up as a potential biomarker to improve cervical screening. We aimed to validate a method for RNA extraction, detect HPV mRNA expression and, assess the relationship between E6/E7 mRNA expression and pathology of patients' lesions and progression...
March 9, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277144/molecular-tests-potentially-improving-hpv-screening-and-genotyping-for-cervical-cancer-prevention
#12
Ana Gradíssimo, Robert D Burk
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers can be averted by type-specific vaccination (primary prevention) and/or through detection and ablation of precancerous cervical lesions (secondary prevention). This review presents current challenges to cervical cancer screening programs, focusing on recent molecular advances in HPV testing and potential improvements on risk stratification. Areas covered: High-risk (HR)-HPV DNA detection has been progressively incorporated into cervix cancer prevention programs based on its increased sensitivity...
February 20, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275695/cervical-cancer-screening-and-treatment-in-uganda
#13
REVIEW
Carolyn Nakisige, Melissa Schwartz, Anthony Okoth Ndira
Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among women in Uganda. Given the high prevalence of genital human papillomavirus infection, the current unavailability of radiotherapy, and the absence of a national cervical cancer prevention and control program, these deaths will likely increase. Efforts to organize an effective cervical cancer screening and treatment program will require adequate financial resources, the development of infrastructure, training needed manpower, and surveillance mechanisms of the targeted women...
May 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265177/-epidemiology-prevention-and-early-detection-of-cervical-cancer
#14
Nicolas Wentzensen
BACKGROUND: Persistent infections with human papillomaviruses are a necessary cause of cervical carcinomas. The development of HPV-based prevention tools, HPV vaccination and HPV testing, is leading to major changes in cervical cancer prevention programs worldwide. A decade after introduction of HPV vaccination in many countries reductions of HPV infections and cancer precursors have been observed in young women. The focus is now on the integration of new approaches for screening of increasingly vaccinated populations...
October 2016: Der Onkologe: Organ der Deutschen Krebsgesellschaft E.V
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255426/anal-intraepithelial-neoplasia-a-review-of-diagnosis-and-management
#15
REVIEW
Joseph R Roberts, Lacey L Siekas, Andrew M Kaz
Anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) is a premalignant lesion of the anal mucosa that is a precursor to anal cancer. Although anal cancer is relatively uncommon, rates of this malignancy are steadily rising in the United States, and among certain high risk populations the incidence of anal cancer may exceed that of colon cancer. Risk factors for AIN and anal cancer consist of clinical factors and behaviors that are associated with the acquisition and persistence of human papilloma virus (HPV) infection. The strongest HPV-associated risk factors are HIV infection, receptive anal intercourse, and high risk sexual behavior...
February 15, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250688/profile-of-cervical-cancer-patients-attending-tertiary-care-hospitals-of-mangalore-karnataka-a-4-year-retrospective-study
#16
Aadhya Sharma, Vaman Kulkarni, Unnikrishnan Bhaskaran, Meher Singha, Saad Mujtahedi, Anshul Chatrath, Mallika Sridhar, Rekha Thapar, P Prasanna Mithra, Nithin Kumar, Ramesh Holla, B B Darshan, Avinash Kumar
OBJECTIVES: To describe the sociodemographic characteristics and clinical profile of women presenting with cervical carcinoma and to identify factors associated with the timing of presentation and prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A record-based descriptive study was carried out from 1(st) February to 31(st) March 2014 at Tertiary Care Hospitals of Mangalore. The study population included women who were diagnosed with cervical carcinoma from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2013...
January 2017: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231239/surveillance-for-health-care-access-and-health-services-use-adults-aged-18-64-years-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-united-states-2014
#17
Catherine A Okoro, Guixiang Zhao, Jared B Fox, Paul I Eke, Kurt J Greenlund, Machell Town
PROBLEM/CONDITION: As a result of the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, millions of U.S. adults attained health insurance coverage. However, millions of adults remain uninsured or underinsured. Compared with adults without barriers to health care, adults who lack health insurance coverage, have coverage gaps, or skip or delay care because of limited personal finances might face increased risk for poor physical and mental health and premature mortality. PERIOD COVERED: 2014...
February 24, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226009/cervical-cancer-screening-in-teresina-piau%C3%A3-brazil-evaluation-study-using-data-of-the-cervical-cancer-information-system-2006-2013
#18
Andressa Moura Damacena, Laércio Lima Luz, Inês Echenique Mattos
OBJECTIVE: to assess the cervical cancer screening tests in Teresina, Piauí, Brazil. METHODS: this is an evaluation study of Teresina Cervical Cancer Information System (Siscolo), for the period from 2006 to 2013, based on descriptive statistical analyses. RESULTS: 604,331 pap smear tests of women residents in Teresina were registered on the system; 1.8% presented premalignant or malignant cytological conditions (atypical cells, intraepithelial lesions and cancer); positive results were higher among women aged >64 years old; there was a reduction of 43...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224134/cervical-cancer-screening-in-rural-south-africa-among-hiv-infected-migrant-farm-workers-and-sex-workers
#19
Omara Afzal, Molly Lieber, Peter Dottino, Ann Marie Beddoe
At an HIV clinic in the Limpopo province of South Africa, chart reviews revealed long delays in addressing abnormal Pap smears, difficulty in referrals, poor quality and lost results, and increasing cases of cervical cancer. To address these barriers, a "see and treat" approach to screening was proposed. The objective was to integrate this method into current HIV care offered by local providers and to obtain demographic and risk factor data for use in future educational and intervention programs in the region...
May 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215373/prevention-research-center-collaborations-with-state-departments-of-health-washington-state
#20
EDITORIAL
Peggy A Hannon, Thuy T Vu, Patricia Migliore Santiago, Pama Joyner, Caitlin Mason, Jeffrey R Harris
State health departments and Prevention Research Centers (PRCs) have complementary mandates and expertise important to improving population health. State health departments manage and administer numerous programs with broad population reach. PRCs bridge dissemination and implementation research and public health practice to improve health programming and outcomes. This paper describes the 15-year partnership between the Washington State Department of Health and the PRC at the University of Washington. Through this partnership, the Washington State Department of Health increases their research and evaluation capacity by working with the University of Washington PRC, and the University of Washington PRC receives opportunities to apply evidence in a variety of practice settings, expand the reach of their research-tested programs to new populations, and form new partnerships...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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