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screening programs for cervical cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159260/public-health-approach-to-prevent-cervical-cancer-in-hiv-infected-women-in-kenya-issues-to-consider-in-the-design-of-prevention-programs
#1
REVIEW
Sonia Menon, Rodolfo Rossi, Stacy G Harmon, Hillary Mabeya, Steven Callens
Women living with HIV in Africa are at increased risk to be co-infected with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), persistent high risk (HR) HPV infection and bacterial vaginosis (BV), which compounds HPV persistence, thereby increasing the risk for cervical dysplasia. New guidance from WHO in 2014 advocating for a "screen and treat" approach in resource poor settings is becoming a more widely recommended screening tool for cervical cancer prevention programs in such contexts. This review article summarizes the risk factors to be considered when designing a primary and secondary cervical prevention program in a post-vaccination era for HIV-infected women in Kenya...
November 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155666/cdc-activities-for-improving-implementation-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-cervical-cancer-screening-and-surveillance-worldwide
#2
Virginia Senkomago, Denise Duran, Anagha Loharikar, Terri B Hyde, Lauri E Markowitz, Elizabeth R Unger, Mona Saraiya
Cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates are high, particularly in developing countries. Most cervical cancers can be prevented by human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, screening, and timely treatment. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides global technical assistance for implementation and evaluation of HPV vaccination pilot projects and programs and laboratory-related HPV activities to assess HPV vaccines. CDC collaborates with global partners to develop global cervical cancer screening recommendations and manuals, implement screening, create standardized evaluation tools, and provide expertise to monitor outcomes...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145648/relative-performance-of-hpv-and-cytology-components-of-cotesting-in-cervical-screening
#3
Mark Schiffman, Walter K Kinney, Li C Cheung, Julia C Gage, Barbara Fetterman, Nancy E Poitras, Thomas S Lorey, Nicolas Wentzensen, Brian Befano, John Schussler, Hormuzd A Katki, Philip E Castle
Background: The main goal of cervical screening programs is to detect and treat precancer before cancer develops. Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is more sensitive than cytology for detecting precancer. However, reports of rare HPV-negative, cytology-positive cancers are motivating continued use of both tests (cotesting) despite increased testing costs. Methods: We quantified the detection of cervical precancer and cancer by cotesting compared with HPV testing alone at Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC), where 1 208 710 women age 30 years and older have undergone triennial cervical cotesting since 2003...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144960/cervical-cancer-screening-experiences-among-chinese-american-immigrant-women-in-the-united-states
#4
Jin Young Seo, Junxin Li, Kun Li
OBJECTIVE: To understand the experiences and perceptions of having cervical cancer screening tests and to explore the extant barriers to having the tests among first-generation Chinese American women in the United States. DESIGN: Qualitative, descriptive, phenomenological research. SETTING: Los Angeles, California. PARTICIPANTS: Snowball and purposive sampling of 12 Chinese American immigrant women ages 20 to 65 years...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139071/the-outcomes-of-an-educational-program-involving-men-as-motivators-to-encourage-women-to-be-screened-for-cervical-cancer
#5
Jeniffer Rwamugira, Johanna E Maree, Nokuthula Mafutha
Cervical cancer is a major health problem in South Africa. Despite having a national, population-based screening program, screening coverage is as low as 13%. Based on the role men could play in increasing cervical cancer screening and the low level of knowledge, men living in the study setting had about this health issue, we developed and pilot tested an educational program aimed at empowering men to teach their female partners and family members about cervical cancer and motivate them to be screened. The study setting was Ward 23 in Muldersdrift, a semi-urban, resource poor area situated northeast of Johannesburg...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135538/cervical-morbidity-in-alsace-france-results-from-a-regional-organized-cervical-cancer-screening-program
#6
Jean-Jacques Baldauf, Muriel Fender, Christine Bergeron, Emilie Marrer, Michel Velten, Pierre Pradat, Marc Arbyn
In 1994, a pilot program of cervical cancer screening was introduced in the Alsace region, France. Women aged 25-65 years were proposed to have one Pap smear every 3 years. The objective was to assess cervical morbidity in Alsace before the human papillomavirus vaccinated population reaches the age of screening. Data on cervical lesions and cancers were collected by EVE for the period September 2008 to August 2011 from existing medical services and cytopathology laboratories in Alsace. Cytological and histological data were completed with data from the two cancer registries covering the region (Bas-Rhin and Haut-Rhin)...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133983/concomitant-psychiatric-symptoms-and-impaired-quality-of-life-in-women-with-cervical-cancer-a-critical-review
#7
REVIEW
Stephanie Klügel, Caroline Lücke, Aurora Meta, Meike Schild-Suhren, Eduard Malik, Alexandra Philipsen, Helge Ho Müller
Our aim was to summarize the current relevant literature on concomitant psychiatric symptoms with a focus on anxiety/depression in a population with gynecologic cancer; to identify the predictors, associated factors, and prevention strategies of psychiatric disorders; to examine psychiatric disorders in a population with recurrent gynecologic cancer; and to describe the limitations of the literature and future research areas. Little is known about attending psychiatric disorders in patients with gynecologic and other malignant diseases like cervical or breast cancer...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121873/barriers-to-hpv-self-sampling-and-cytology-among-low-income-indigenous-women-in-rural-areas-of-a-middle-income-setting-a-qualitative-study
#8
Betania Allen-Leigh, Patricia Uribe-Zúñiga, Leith León-Maldonado, Brandon J Brown, Attila Lörincz, Jorge Salmeron, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce
BACKGROUND: Data is needed about barriers to self-collection of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) samples and cytology among low-income, disadvantaged women living in rural areas of lower-income countries as these women are at increased risk of cervical cancer mortality. METHODS: Individual interviews (n = 29), focus groups (n = 7, 5-11 participants) and discussion groups (n = 2, 18-25 participants) were organized with women from three indigenous ethnic groups residing in rural areas in Mexico, after they were provided with free, self-sampled HPV tests...
November 9, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120834/cervical-cancer-screening-in-the-national-breast-and-cervical-cancer-early-detection-program-nbccedp-in-four-us-affiliated-pacific-islands-between-2007-and-2015
#9
Virginia Senkomago, Janet Royalty, Jacqueline W Miller, Lee E Buenconsejo-Lum, Vicki B Benard, Mona Saraiya
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer incidence in the US-Affiliated Pacific Islands (USAPIs) is double that of the US mainland. American Samoa, Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), Guam and the Republic of Palau receive funding from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program (NBCCEDP) to implement cervical cancer screening to low-income, uninsured or under insured women. The USAPI grantees report data on screening and follow-up activities to the CDC...
October 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114264/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-regarding-cervical-cancer-screening-among-women-attending-a-teaching-hospital-bharatpur-chitwan
#10
Smita Shrestha, Prativa Dhakal
Objective: To find out the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding cervical cancer screening among women. Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design was used to collect data from 96 women. Each woman was selected alternately from Gynae Out-Patient Department of Teaching Hospital. Data was collected by using semi-structured interview schedule to find out knowledge and practice and Likert scale to find out the attitude regarding cervical cancer screening. Data was analyzed by using SPSS version 20...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113956/rationale-and-design-of-the-home-trial-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-of-home-based-human-papillomavirus-hpv-self-sampling-for-increasing-cervical-cancer-screening-uptake-and-effectiveness-in-a-u-s-healthcare-system
#11
Rachel L Winer, Jasmin A Tiro, Diana L Miglioretti, Chris Thayer, Tara Beatty, John Lin, Hongyuan Gao, Kilian Kimbel, Diana S M Buist
Women who delay or do not attend Papanicolaou (Pap) screening are at increased risk for cervical cancer. Trials in countries with organized screening programs have demonstrated that mailing high-risk (hr) human papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling kits to under-screened women increases participation, but U.S. data are lacking. HOME is a pragmatic randomized controlled trial set within a U.S. integrated healthcare delivery system to compare two programmatic approaches for increasing cervical cancer screening uptake and effectiveness in under-screened women (≥3...
November 4, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112652/effect-of-cervical-cancer-screening-programs-on-preterm-birth-a-decision-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#12
Esmé I Kamphuis, Steffie K Naber, Noor A Danhof, J Dik F Habbema, Christianne J M de Groot, Ben W J Mol
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of age at initiation and interval of cervical cancer screening in women of reproductive age on the risk of future preterm birth and subsequent adverse neonatal outcome relative to maternal life-years gained and cost of both screening and preterm birth. METHODS: In this decision and cost-effectiveness analysis, we compared eight cytology-based screening programs varying in age of onset (21, 24, 25, 27, or 30 years) and screening interval (3 or 5 years) in a fictive cohort of 100,000 women...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108988/urban-rural-differences-in-breast-and-cervical-cancer-incidence-the-mediating-roles-of-socioeconomic-status-and-provider-density
#13
Jennifer L Moss, Benmei Liu, Eric J Feuer
BACKGROUND: Breast and cervical cancer incidence vary by urbanicity, and several ecological factors could contribute to these patterns. In particular, cancer screening or other sociodemographic and health care system variables could explain geographic disparities in cancer incidence. METHODS: Governmental and research sources provided data on 612 counties in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program for rural-urban continuum code, socioeconomic status (SES) quintile, percent non-Hispanic White residents, density of primary care physicians, cancer screening, and breast and cervical cancer incidence rates (2009-2013)...
November 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096994/-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-cancer-in-women-how-can-awareness-be-improved-a-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
K Lamore, J Foucaud, L Cambon, A Untas
BACKGROUND: Cancer in women is a major public health concern especially since primary and secondary prevention can reduce mortality. Institutional interventions could play an important role by working directly with healthcare providers. Thus, the objective of this literature review is to draw up an inventory of the interventions proposed to promote the prevention of breast and cervical cancer and to analyze their feasibility or applicability in the French institutional context. METHODS: The literature review was conducted on Cairn, Cochrane, PubMed and ScienceDirect databases with relevant keywords...
November 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094102/project-echo-a-telementoring-program-for-cervical-cancer-prevention-and-treatment-in-low-resource-settings
#15
Melissa S Lopez, Ellen S Baker, Andrea M Milbourne, Rose M Gowen, Ana M Rodriguez, Cesaltina Lorenzoni, Catherine Mwaba, Susan Citonje Msadabwe, José Humberto Tavares, Georgia Fontes-Cintra, Gustavo Zucca-Matthes, Donato Callegaro-Filho, Danielle Ramos-Martin, Icaro Thiago de Carvalho, Robson Coelho, Renato Moretti Marques, Thiago Chulam, Mila Pontremoli-Salcedo, Fernanda Nozar, Veronica Fiol, Mauricio Maza, Sanjeev Arora, Ernest T Hawk, Kathleen M Schmeler
Cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates are significantly higher in low- and middle-income countries compared with the United States and other developed countries. This disparity is caused by decreased access to screening, often coupled with low numbers of trained providers offering cancer prevention and treatment services. However, similar disparities are also found in underserved areas of the United States, such as the Texas-Mexico border, where cervical cancer mortality rates are 30% higher than in the rest of Texas...
October 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094097/barriers-and-challenges-to-treatment-alternatives-for-early-stage-cervical-cancer-in-lower-resource-settings
#16
REVIEW
Emily S Wu, Jose Jeronimo, Sarah Feldman
Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers among women worldwide, and approximately 85% of new diagnoses occur in less-developed regions of the world. Global efforts in cervical cancer to date have focused on primary and secondary prevention strategies of human papillomavirus vaccination and cervical cancer screening. Cervical cancer screening is effective to reduce the incidence of cervical cancer and can result in diagnosis at earlier stages, but it will take time to realize its full impact. With expansion of screening programs, there is now a greater imperative to increase access to treatment for women who have cervical cancer, particularly in earlier stages of disease, when it is still curable...
October 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093458/prevalence-and-genotype-distribution-of-human-papillomavirus-in-961-029-screening-tests-in-southeastern-china-zhejiang-province-between-2011-and-2015
#17
Xiao Chen, Haiou Xu, Wanwan Xu, Wenjie Zeng, Jinwei Liu, Qing Wu, Xiaofeng Zhao, Tang Jiang
Human papillomavirus infection plays a key role in the development of cervical cancer. To establish a foundation for HPV-based screening and vaccination programs, we investigated the HPV prevalence and genotypic distributions in Chinese women from Zhejiang Province. Between 2011 and 2015, a total of 961,029 samples from 2021 clinical hospitals were tested HPV genotype by a PCR-based hybridization gene chip assay, and 443,890 samples were evaluated cervical cytology by liquid-based cytology analysis. Our results showed that the positive rate for HPV was 20...
November 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081673/a-3-year-retrospective-review-of-mortality-in-women-of-reproductive-age-in-a-tertiary-health-facility-in-port-harcourt-nigeria
#18
Ngozi C Orazulike, Justina O Alegbeleye, Christopher C Obiorah, Tamunomie K Nyengidiki, Samuel A Uzoigwe
PURPOSE: To determine the causes of death and associated risk factors among women of reproductive age (WRA) in a tertiary institution in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective survey of all deaths in women aged 15-49 years at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital that occurred from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015. Data retrieved from ward registers, death registers, and death certificates were analyzed with Epi Info version 7...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076156/association-between-serious-psychological-distress-and-nonparticipation-in-cancer-screening-and-the-modifying-effect-of-socioeconomic-status-analysis-of-anonymized-data-from-a-national-cross-sectional-survey-in-japan
#19
Masaki Fujiwara, Masatoshi Inagaki, Naoki Nakaya, Maiko Fujimori, Yuji Higuchi, Kyoko Kakeda, Yosuke Uchitomi, Norihito Yamada
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether individuals who have serious psychological distress (SPD) are less likely to participate in screening tests for gastric cancer, lung cancer, and other types of cancer. Of the few studies that have examined the association between SPD and participation in cancer screening, none have reported modifying effects of educational, marital, or employment status. METHODS: The authors analyzed a national representative data set from the 2010 Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions of Japan...
October 27, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075382/mobile-application-use-among-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residents
#20
Rachel Perry, Roshan M Burns, Rebecca Simon, Julie Youm
BACKGROUND : Mobile applications (apps) are increasingly used in clinical settings, particularly among resident physicians. Apps available to patients and physicians are rapidly expanding. OBJECTIVE : We aimed to describe obstetrics and gynecology (ob-gyn) residents' use of and attitudes toward ob-gyn-related mobile apps. METHODS : We conducted a cross-sectional survey of residents at all 19 California ob-gyn programs using a web-based questionnaire...
October 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
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