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Andy Tsai, Carol E Barnewolt, Sanjay P Prahbu, Reimi Yonekura, Andrew Hosmer, Noah E Schulz, Peter H Weinstock
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Historically, skills training in performing brain ultrasonography has been limited to hours of scanning infants for lack of adequate synthetic models or alternatives. The aim of this study was to create a simulator and determine its utility as an educational tool in teaching the skills that can be used in performing brain ultrasonography on infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A brain ultrasonography simulator was created using a combination of multi-modality imaging, three-dimensional printing, material and acoustic engineering, and sculpting and molding...
October 20, 2016: Academic Radiology
J M Koshy, S Mohan, D Deodhar, M John, A Oberoi, A Pannu
BACKGROUND: Though cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is recognized as a disease of the immunocompromised, studies have implicated that it also affect immunocompetent patients. METHODOLOGY: This was a cross sectional study conducted in the Department of Medicine of a tertiary teaching institution in North India. All the patients diagnosed with CM on the basis of detection of cryptococcal antigen or the presence of capsulated budding yeast cells on India ink preparation, from April 2009 to March2015 were included in the study...
October 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Ramya Pham, Daniel Forsberg, Donna Plecha
The aim of this study was to perform an operational improvement project targeted at the breast imaging reading workflow of mammography examinations at an academic medical center with its associated breast centers and satellite sites. Through careful analysis of the current workflow, two major issues were identified: stockpiling of paperwork and multiple worklists. Both issues were considered to cause significant delays to the start of interpreting screening mammograms. Four workflow changes were suggested (scanning of paperwork, worklist consolidation, use of chat functionality, and tracking of case distribution among trainees) and implemented in July 2015...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
Sharifah Intan Zainun Sharif Ishak, Yit Siew Chin, Mohd Nasir Mohd Taib, Zalilah Mohd Shariff
BACKGROUND: Obesity, eating disorders and unhealthy weight-loss practices have been associated with diminished growth in adolescents worldwide. Interventions that address relevant behavioural dimensions have been lacking in Malaysia. This paper describes the protocol of an integrated health education intervention namely 'Eat Right, Be Positive About Your Body and Live Actively' (EPaL), a primary prevention which aimed to promote healthy lifestyle in preventing overweight and disordered eating among secondary school adolescents aged 13-14 years old...
October 20, 2016: BMC Public Health
D J Murphy, A R Keraliya, M D Agrawal, A Aghayev, M L Steigner
Aortic infections are uncommon clinical entities, but are associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. In this review, we focus on the cross-sectional imaging appearance of aortic infections, including aortic valve endocarditis, pyogenic aortitis, mycotic aneurysm and aortic graft infections, with an emphasis on CT, MRI and PET/CT appearance. Teaching Points • Aortic infections are associated with high morbidity and mortality. • CT, MRI and FDG PET/CT play complementary roles in aortic infection imaging...
October 19, 2016: Insights Into Imaging
Apeksha Chaturvedi, R A C Dilhani Ranasinghe, Abhishek Chaturvedi, Steven P Meyers
BACKGROUND: Lesions involving the outer cortical surface of the bone occur quite often among children. Broadly, these include benign cortical, juxtacortical and periarticular lesions, dysplasias affecting the cortical bone, regional and diffuse periosteal pathology and malignant tumours. Some of these lesions are unique to the paediatric population; others are more frequently seen among children than adults - yet others have an adult predilection but can occasionally be seen in children...
October 19, 2016: Insights Into Imaging
H Borgmann, M Rodríguez Socarrás, J Salem, I Tsaur, J Gomez Rivas, E Barret, L Tortolero
PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility, safety and usefulness of augmented reality-assisted urological surgery using smartglass (SG). METHODS: Seven urological surgeons (3 board urologists and 4 urology residents) performed augmented reality-assisted urological surgery using SG for 10 different types of operations and a total of 31 urological operations. Feasibility was assessed using technical metadata (number of photographs taken/number of videos recorded/video time recorded) and structured interviews with the urologists on their use of SG...
October 19, 2016: World Journal of Urology
(no author information available yet)
Purpose: Radiology represents a highly relevant part of undergraduate medical education from preclinical studies to subinternship training. It is therefore important to establish a content base for teaching radiology in German Medical Faculties. Materials and Methods: The German Society of Radiology (DRG) developed a model curriculum for radiological teaching at German medical universities, which is presented in this article. There is also a European model curriculum for undergraduate teaching (U-level curriculum of the European Society of Radiology)...
November 2016: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
Christopher Lee, Phillip L Guichet, Fereidoun Abtin
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the current practice patterns of radiologists performing percutaneous lung biopsies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a web-based survey sent to the Society of Thoracic Radiology membership from August to October 2015. Responses were collected anonymously, and results were tallied. RESULTS: A total of 244 Society of Thoracic Radiology members responded to the survey. One hundred thirty-seven radiologists regularly perform percutaneous lung biopsies, of whom 102 (74%) practice at an academic teaching hospital...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
Bhaskar Roy, Brian M Grosberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Headache
Mario Schootman, Samantha Hendren, Kendra Ratnapradipa, Lisa Stringer, Nick O Davidson
BACKGROUND: Debate exists regarding the role of robotic-assisted surgery in colorectal cancer. Robotic-assisted surgery has been promoted as a strategy to increase the availability of minimally invasive surgery, which is associated with improved short-term morbidity; however, robotic-assisted surgery is much more expensive than laparoscopic surgery. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to understand hospital and patient trends in the adoption of robotic-assisted surgery. DESIGN: The study used cross-sectional and longitudinal designs...
November 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
John V Thomas, Rupan Sanyal, Janis P O'Malley, Satinder P Singh, Desiree E Morgan, Cheri L Canon
The academic educator's portfolio is a collection of materials that document academic performance and achievements, supplementing the curriculum vitae, in order to showcase a faculty member's most significant accomplishments. A decade ago, a survey of medical schools revealed frustration in the nonuniform methods of measuring faculty's medical education productivity. A proposed solution was the use of an academic educator's portfolio. In the academic medical community, compiling an academic portfolio is always a challenge because teaching has never been confined to the traditional classroom setting and often involves active participation of the medical student, resident, or fellow in the ongoing care of the patient...
October 11, 2016: Academic Radiology
Victor Longo, Jon A Jacobson, David P Fessell, Kenneth Mautner
The purpose of this series was to retrospectively characterize the ultrasound findings of delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS). The Institutional Review Board approved our study, and informed consent was waived. A retrospective search of radiology reports using the key phrase "delayed-onset muscle soreness" and key word "DOMS" from 2001 to 2015 and teaching files was completed to identify cases. The sonograms were reviewed by 3 fellowship-trained musculoskeletal radiologists by consensus. Sonograms were retrospectively characterized with respect to echogenicity (hypoechoic, isoechoic, or hyperechoic), distribution of muscle involvement, and intramuscular pattern (focal versus diffuse and well defined versus poorly defined)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Priya D Shanmugarajah, Nigel Hoggard, Stuart Currie, Daniel P Aeschlimann, Pascale C Aeschlimann, Dermot C Gleeson, Mohammed Karajeh, Nicola Woodroofe, Richard A Grünewald, Marios Hadjivassiliou
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related cerebellar degeneration is one of the commonest acquired forms of cerebellar ataxia. The exact pathogenic mechanisms by which alcohol leads to cerebellar damage remain unknown. Possible autoreactive immune mediated mechanisms have not been explored previously. In this study, we aim to investigate the potential role of alcohol-induced immune mediated cerebellar degeneration. METHODS: Patients with ataxia and a history of alcohol misuse were recruited from the Ataxia and Hepatology tertiary clinics at Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust...
2016: Cerebellum & Ataxias
Helle Hansen, Berit Kjærside Nielsen, Annette Boejen, Anne Vestergaard
The aim of this study was to investigate if teaching patients about positioning before radiotherapy treatment would (a) reduce the residual rotational set-up errors, (b) reduce the number of repositionings and (c) improve patients' sense of control by increasing self-efficacy and reducing distress. Patients were randomized to either standard care (control group) or standard care and a teaching session combining visual aids and practical exercises (intervention group). Daily images from the treatment sessions were evaluated off-line...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Michael J Callahan, Jennifer M Talmadge, Robert D MacDougall, Patricia L Kleinman, George A Taylor, Carlo Buonomo
In our experience, questions about the appropriate use of enteric contrast media for pediatric fluoroscopic studies are common. The purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of enteric contrast media used for pediatric fluoroscopy, highlighting the routine use of these media at a large tertiary care pediatric teaching hospital.
October 10, 2016: Pediatric Radiology
W Miles Cox, Leena Subramanian, David E J Linden, Michael Lührs, Rachel McNamara, Rebecca Playle, Kerenza Hood, Gareth Watson, Joseph R Whittaker, Raman Sakhuja, Niklas Ihssen
BACKGROUND: Real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (rtfMRI) is used for neurofeedback training (NFT). Preliminary results suggest that it can help patients to control their symptoms. This study uses rtfMRI NFT for relapse prevention in alcohol dependence. METHODS/DESIGN: Participants are alcohol-dependent patients who have completed a detoxification programme within the past 6 months and have remained abstinent. Potential participants are screened for eligibility, and those who are eligible are randomly assigned to the treatment group (receiving rtfMRI NFT in addition to treatment as usual) or the control group (receiving only treatment as usual)...
October 3, 2016: Trials
Frederic Picard, Kamal Deep, Jean Yves Jenny
PURPOSE: Computer-assisted surgery in orthopaedics is passing through the initial adapter phase of technology adoption. It started more than 20 years ago, but the uptake of technology is still not widespread. The purpose of this article is to introduce the reader to the basic technology and familiarize with the terminology used in the computer navigation. METHODS: During this time, the technology has matured and we have the evidence to prove its benefits for patients...
October 4, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
M K Arevalo, J C Prieto, N Cost, G Nuss, B J Brown, L A Baker
INTRODUCTION: Symptomatic pediatric ureterocele has diverse manifestations, making evidence-based management impractical. Thus, detailed visualization of ureterocele anatomy prior to first surgical incision is invaluable. Retrograde ureterocelogram (RUC) is a simple, underutilized radiologic technique that can be performed during cystoscopy. This study sought to determine whether RUC changes surgical management by more accurately depicting the complex ureteral and ureterocele anatomy, compared with renal ultrasound (US) and voiding cystourethrography (VCUG)...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Moayad A Al Zamil, Mostafa A Arafa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the level of knowledge and awareness of the cost of the currently used blood investigations, imaging studies, admission cost, and surgical instrument among surgeons in Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: It was a cross-section study conducted in Riyadh city, the capital of Saudi Arabia. SETTING: Multihealth centers including main University hospital, Military hospitals, and Ministry of health hospitals. All surgeons in the health facilities were invited to participate in the study...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
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