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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664842/incidental-thoracic-findings-on-routine-computed-tomography-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#1
Bobby D OʼLeary, Teresa Treacy, Tony Geoghegan, Tom A Walsh, William D Boyd, Donal J Brennan
INTRODUCTION: Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is routinely used in the surveillance of epithelial ovarian cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of thoracic findings on routine MDCT surveillance imaging in patients with ovarian carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of 100 MDCT studies of patients with a diagnosis of epithelial ovarian cancer was performed at a university teaching hospital. The cross-sectional studies were reviewed by a consultant radiologist with subspeciality training in cross-sectional imaging...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663381/resin-embedded-anatomical-cross-sections-as-a-teaching-adjunct-for-medical-curricula-is-this-technique-an-alternative-to-potting-and-plastination
#2
Fraser Chisholm, Ourania Varsou
With an ever-expanding use of cross-sectional imaging for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, there has also been an increase in the need for exposure to such radiological and anatomical views at the undergraduate and postgraduate level to allow for early familiarisation with the relevant anatomy. Cadaveric cross-sections offer an excellent link between the two-dimensional radiological images and the three-dimensional anatomical structures. For such cross-sections to be useful and informative within educational settings, they need to be: (i) safe for students and trainees to handle and (ii) robust enough to withstand repeated handling; as well as (iii) displaying anatomy clearly and accurately...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655572/3d-modelling-and-printing-technology-to-produce-patient-specific-3d-models
#3
Nicolette S Birbara, James M Otton, Nalini Pather
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive knowledge of mitral valve (MV) anatomy is crucial in the assessment of MV disease. While the use of three-dimensional (3D) modelling and printing in MV assessment has undergone early clinical evaluation, the precision and usefulness of this technology requires further investigation. This study aimed to assess and validate 3D modelling and printing technology to produce patient-specific 3D MV models. METHODS: A prototype method for MV 3D modelling and printing was developed from computed tomography (CT) scans of a plastinated human heart...
November 10, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652779/is-the-current-management-of-patients-presenting-with-spinal-trauma-to-district-general-hospitals-fit-for-purpose-our-experience-of-delivering-a-spinal-service-using-an-electronic-referral-platform-in-a-large-district-general-teaching-hospital-without-onsite
#4
Daniel S Hill, Hans Marynissen
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis. OBJECTIVE: To describe the provision of a spinal service using an electronic platform to direct management from an external spinal unit, and quantify time taken to obtain definitive management plans whilst under prescribed spinal immobilization. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Most attending district general hospitals following spinal trauma will have stable injuries and normal neurology, with only a small proportion requiring urgent transfer to a specialist centre...
April 12, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649544/isolated-right-varicocele-and-incidence-of-associated-cancer
#5
Molly Elmer DeWitt, Daniel J Greene, Bradley Gill, Yaw Nyame, Sam Haywood, Edmund Sabanegh
OBJECTIVE: To test the classic teaching that isolated right varicoceles are associated with significantly high rates of occult malignanices. METHODS: Retrospective chart review included all men diagnosed with varicocele at the Cleveland Clinic from 2000 to 2015. Charts were queried for demographics, varicocele laterality, cross-sectional imaging, and subsequent diagnosis of abdominal malignancy or vascular anomaly. Descriptive statistics are presented as means + standard deviation...
April 9, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642968/review-historical-and-futuristic-developments-in-bovine-semen-technology
#6
P Lonergan
Up to the 18th century, the prevailing view of reproduction, or 'generation' as it was referred to, was that organisms develop from miniatures of themselves, termed preformation. The alternative theory, epigenesis, proposed that the structure of an animal emerges gradually from a relatively formless egg. The teachings of the Ancient Greeks who argued either that both sexes each contributed 'semen' to form the embryo, or held a more male-centred view that the female merely provided fertile ground for the male seed to grow, dominated thinking until the 17th century, when the combined work of numerous scholars led to the theory that all female organisms, including humans, produced eggs...
April 12, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628404/when-the-reading-room-meets-the-team-room-resident-perspectives-from-radiology-and-internal-medicine-on-the-effect-of-personal-communication-after-implementing-a-resident-led-radiology-rounds
#7
Andrew J Klobuka, John Lee, Raquel Buranosky, Matthew Heller
OBJECTIVE: Current radiology and internal medicine (IM) residents have trained to varying degrees depending on program in the post picture archiving and communication systems implementation era and thus have largely missed out on the benefits of in-person, 2-way communication between radiologists and consulting clinicians. The purpose of this study is to broadly explore resident perspectives from these groups on the desire for personal contact between radiologists and referring physicians and the effect of improved contact on clinical practice...
February 13, 2018: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620545/endobronchial-biopsy-in-the-final-diagnosis-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-asthma-a-clinicopathological-study
#8
Maria Abdulrahim Arafah, Emad Raddaoui, Faisal Al Kassimi, Esam H Alhamad, Ahmed Amer Alboukai, Ahlam Abdullah Alshedoukhy, Abderrahman Ouban
BACKGROUND: Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are chronic conditions with an increasing prevalence in developing countries. The evaluation of endobronchial biopsies has emerged as a tool to differentiate between both conditions via the measurement of the reticular basement membrane (RBM) thickness with various conclusions drawn from different studies. OBJECTIVES: Compare the thickness of the RBM between asthma and COPD and evaluate other histomorphological features in both groups...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619346/factors-influencing-the-rate-of-post-mastectomy-breast-reconstruction-in-a-canadian-teaching-hospital
#9
Mihiran Karunanayake, Patricia Bortoluzzi, André Chollet, Jenny C Lin
Background: Post-mastectomy breast reconstruction (PMBR) improves psychosocial well-being, quality of life, and body image. Reconstruction rates vary widely (up to 42% in the United States), but the few Canadian studies available report rates of 3.8% to 7.9%. We sought to evaluate the current state of breast reconstruction in 1 Canadian teaching hospital and factors determining patients' access to reconstruction. Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of all patients with breast cancer undergoing mastectomy alone or mastectomy and reconstruction at a Canadian hospital between 2010 and 2013...
November 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616497/malformed-vertebrae-a-clinical-and-imaging-review
#10
REVIEW
Apeksha Chaturvedi, Nina B Klionsky, Umakanthan Nadarajah, Abhishek Chaturvedi, Steven P Meyers
A variety of structural developmental anomalies affect the vertebral column. Malformed vertebrae can arise secondary to errors of vertebral formation, fusion and/or segmentation and developmental variation. Malformations can be simple with little or no clinical consequence, or complex with serious structural and neurologic implications. These anomalies can occasionally mimic acute trauma (bipartite atlas versus Jefferson fracture, butterfly vertebra versus burst fracture), or predispose the affected individual to myelopathy...
April 3, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615180/a-case-of-vogt-koyanagi-harada-syndrome-mimicking-optic-neuritis
#11
Muhammad Mateen Amir, Atif Masood, Zarmina Khan
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome is a rare disease that occurs commonly in pigmented individuals of Asian origin. A 25-year female presented in medical outpatient department (OPD) of Al-Khidmat Teaching Hospital, Mansoora, Lahore with headache and neck stiffness. She was referred to eye OPD for the complaint of decreased vision. On examination, there was 6/24 vision, sluggish pupillary reaction and disc hyperemia in both eyes. She was treated as a case of optic neuritis. Few days later, she developed bilateral panuveitis, shallow exudative detachments and alopecia...
April 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607720/a-practical-safe-zone-technique-for-lag-screw-fixation-of-the-fibula
#12
A R Kaye, W Marlow, G Williams, A P Molloy, L W Mason
Introduction During ankle fracture fixation, iatrogenic trauma to retro fibula structures can result in morbidity and reoperation. We describe a safe zone for lag screw insertion. Materials and methods This study was completed in three sections. We identified the average entry and exit points for the lag screw using 45 Weber B ankle fractures identified from our trauma database. We then analysed 26 sequentially presented ankle magnetic resonance images, concentrating on axial sections at 4, 8, 12 and 16 mm above the ankle joint...
April 1, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605123/a-pilot-study-to-determine-the-effect-of-radiographer-training-on-radiostereometric-analysis-imaging-technique
#13
O Muharemovic, A Troelsen, M G Thomsen, T Kallemose, K K Gosvig
INTRODUCTION: Producing x-ray images for radiostereometric analysis (RSA) is a demanding technique. Suboptimal examinations result in a high percentage of exposure repetition. The aim of this pilot study was to use an experiential training approach to sharpen the skills of radiographers in acquiring images of an optimal quality. METHODS: A controlled trial using action research strategy was used. The study entailed a two phased approach. Radiographers were purposefully recruited and trained to perform the required investigations...
May 2018: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599402/-instructional-skills-in-the-clinical-setting-workshop
#14
Jennifer L Prekeges
This article describes a workshop offered annually by the radiation and imaging programs at Bellevue College, Bellevue, WA. The workshop provides an educator's perspective to those who teach students in our clinical internships. An outline of the workshop is given as are reasons for its ongoing success.
March 29, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597112/we-cannot-change-the-past-but-we-can-change-its-meaning-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effects-of-self-help-imagery-rescripting-on-depression
#15
Steffen Moritz, Jana Ahlf-Schumacher, Birgit Hottenrott, Ulrike Peter, Stephanie Franck, Thomas Schnell, Helmut Peter, Brooke C Schneider, Lena Jelinek
BACKGROUND: Imagery rescripting is a psychotherapeutic technique that aims to ameliorate negative emotions by altering (i.e., rescripting) inner representations of negative memories and images. Although the treatment was initially developed for traumatized individuals, face-to-face interventions have yielded promising results for patients with other diagnoses as well. The present study explored the feasibility and efficacy of the approach when used as a self-help intervention for depression...
February 26, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588903/endoscopic-endonasal-transoculomotor-triangle-approach-for-the-resection-of-a-pituitary-adenoma-with-ambient-cistern-extension
#16
Georgios Andrea Zenonos, Eric Wesley Wang, Juan C Fernandez-Miranda
Objectives  The current video presents the nuances of the endoscopic endonasal transoculomotor triangle approach for the resection of a pituitary adenoma with extension into the ambient cistern. Design  The video analyzes the presentation, preoperative workup and imaging, surgical steps and technical nuances of the surgery, the clinical outcome, and follow-up imaging. Setting  The patient was treated by a skull base team consisting of a neurosurgeon and an ENT surgeon at a teaching academic institution...
April 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588900/interhemispheric-translamina-terminalis-approach-for-the-resection-of-suprasellar-cavernous-malformation
#17
Georgios A Zenonos, Paul A Gardner
Objectives  The current video presents the nuances of an interhemispheric, translamina terminalis approach for the resection of suprasellar cavernous malformation. Design  The video analyzes the presentation, preoperative workup and imaging, surgical steps and technical nuances of the surgery, the clinical outcome, and follow-up imaging. Setting  The patient was treated by a skull base team at a teaching academic institution. Participants  The case refers to a 64-year-old female who presented with vision loss and confusion, and was found to have a suprasellar mass, with imaging characteristics consistent with a cavernous malformation of the third ventricle...
April 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588882/endoscopic-endonasal-approach-for-a-suprasellar-craniopharyngioma
#18
Georgios A Zenonos, Carl H Snyderman, Paul A Gardner
Objectives  The current video presents the nuances of an endoscopic endonasal approach to a suprasellar craniopharyngioma. Design  The video analyzes the presentation, preoperative workup and imaging, surgical steps and technical nuances of the surgery, the clinical outcome, and follow-up imaging. Setting  The patient was treated by a skull base team consisting of a neurosurgeon and an ENT surgeon, at a teaching academic institution. Participants  The case refers to a 67-year-old man who presented with vision loss and headaches, and was found to have a suprasellar mass, with imaging characteristics consistent with a craniopharyngioma...
April 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582228/using-photovoice-to-promote-land-conservation-and-indigenous-well-being-in-oklahoma
#19
Clint Carroll, Eva Garroutte, Carolyn Noonan, Dedra Buchwald
Indigenous ancestral teachings commonly present individual and community health as dependent upon relationships between human and nonhuman worlds. But how do persons conversant with ancestral teachings effectively convey such perspectives in contemporary contexts, and to what extent does the general tribal citizenry share them? Can media technology provide knowledge keepers with opportunities to communicate their perspectives to larger audiences? What are the implications for tribal citizens' knowledge and views about tribal land use policies? Using a PhotoVoice approach, we collaborated with a formally constituted body of Cherokee elders who supply cultural guidance to the Cherokee Nation government in Oklahoma...
March 26, 2018: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569214/esr-paper-on-the-proper-use-of-mobile-devices-in-radiology
#20
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
Mobile devices (smartphones, tablets, etc.) have become key methods of communication, data access and data sharing for the population in the past decade. The technological capabilities of these devices have expanded very rapidly; for example, their in-built cameras have largely replaced conventional cameras. Their processing power is often sufficient to handle the large data sets of radiology studies and to manipulate images and studies directly on hand-held devices. Thus, they can be used to transmit and view radiology studies, often in locations remote from the source of the imaging data...
March 22, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
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