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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225162/can-ultrasound-be-used-to-improve-the-palpation-skills-of-physicians-in-training-a-prospective-study
#1
Ryan Woods, Steve J Wisniewski, Daniel R Lueders, Thomas P Pittelkow, Dirk R Larson, Jonathan T Finnoff
BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders relies heavily upon the physical examination, including accurate palpation of musculoskeletal structures. The literature has suggested there has been deterioration of physical examination skills among medical students and residents in part due to increased reliance on advanced imaging. It has been shown that knowledge of musculoskeletal anatomy and physical examination skills improve with the use of ultrasound; however, the literature is limited...
December 7, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207771/aspects-of-evolving-genito-urinary-tuberculosis-a-profile-of-genito-urinary-tuberculosis-gutb-in-110-patients
#2
Sriram Krishnamoorthy, Velmurugan Palaniyandi, Natarajan Kumaresan, Sivasankar Govindaraju, Jayaganesh Rajasekaran, Ilangovan Murugappan, Venkat Ramanan, Muthulatha Navaneetha Krishnan
Introduction: Genito Urinary Tuberculosis (GUTB) is a widespread disease seen in urology practice. The true incidence and prevalence of GUTB is difficult to estimate because a large number of patients remain asymptomatic. Aim: To recognize typical and atypical clinical and radiological features of tuberculosis and to emphasize the need for diagnosing GUTB early. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study conducted in 110 cases of GUTB diagnosed and treated in two teaching institutions over a period of three years, from July 2002 to June 2005...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202260/interobserver-agreement-for-post-mortem-renal-histopathology-and-diagnosis-of-acute-tubular-necrosis-in-critically-ill-patients
#3
Neil J Glassford, Alison Skene, Maria B Guardiola, Matthew J Chan, Sean M Bagshaw, Rinaldo Bellomo, Kim Solez
BACKGROUND: The renal histopathology of critically ill patients dying with acute kidney injury (AKI) in intensive care units of high income countries remains uncertain. METHODS: Retrospective observational assessment of interobserver agreement in the reporting of renal post mortem histopathology, and the ability of pathologists blinded to the clinical context to independently identify the presence of pre-mortem AKI from digital images of histological sections from 34 critically ill patients dying in teaching hospitals in Australia and Canada...
December 2017: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202100/immediate-assessment-of-performance-of-medical-laboratory-scientists-following-a-10-day-malaria-microscopy-training-programme-in-nigeria
#4
Bolatito Aiyenigba, Abiodun Ojo, Adolor Aisiri, Justus Uzim, Oluwole Adeusi, Halima Mwenesi
Background: Rapid and precise diagnosis of malaria is an essential element in effective case management and control of malaria. Malaria microscopy is used as the gold standard for malaria diagnosis, however results remain poor as positivity rate in Nigeria is consistently over 90%. The United States President's Malaria Initiative (PMI) through the Malaria Action Program for States (MAPS) supported selected states in Nigeria to build capacity for malaria microscopy. This study demonstrates the effectiveness of in-service training on malaria microscopy amongst medical laboratory scientists...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195370/note-retrofitting-an-analog-spectrometer-for-high-resolving-power-in-nuv-nir
#5
Andrew S Taylor, Oleg V Batishchev
We demonstrate how an older spectrometer designed for photographic films can be efficiently retrofitted with a narrow laser-cut slit and a modern μm-pixel-size imaging CMOS camera, yielding sub-pm resolution in the broad near ultraviolet to near infrared (NUV-NIR) spectral range. Resolving power approaching 106 is achieved. Such digital retrofitting of an analog instrument is practical for research and teaching laboratories.
November 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185894/student-perceptions-of-sectional-ct-mri-use-in-teaching-veterinary-anatomy-and-the-correlation-with-visual-spatial-ability-a-student-survey-and-mental-rotations-test
#6
Peter J Delisser, Darren Carwardine
Diagnostic imaging technology is becoming more advanced and widely available to veterinary patients with the growing popularity of veterinary-specific computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Veterinary students must, therefore, be familiar with these technologies and understand the importance of sound anatomic knowledge for interpretation of the resultant images. Anatomy teaching relies heavily on visual perception of structures and their function. In addition, visual spatial ability (VSA) positively correlates with anatomy test scores...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185606/the-implications-of-different-lateral-wall-thicknesses-on-surgical-access-to-the-maxillary-sinus
#7
Ee Lian Lim, Wei Cheong Ngeow, Daniel Lim
The objective of this study was to measure the topographic thickness of the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus in selected Asian populations. Measurements were made on the lateral walls of maxillary sinuses recorded using CBCT in a convenient sample of patients attending an Asian teaching hospital. The points of measurement were the intersections between the axes along the apices of the canine, first premolar, and second premolar and along the mesiobuccal and distobuccal apices of the first and second molars and horizontal planes 10 mm, 20 mm, 30 mm and 40 mm beneath the orbital floor...
November 27, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183021/digital-applications-in-cytopathology-problems-rationalizations-and-alternative-approaches
#8
Nikolaos Chantziantoniou, Maheswari Mukherjee, Amber D Donnelly, Liron Pantanowitz, R Marshall Austin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to raise awareness of problems using digital applications for examining, teaching, and applying telecytology at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC), Omaha, NE, USA; and University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), Pittsburgh, PA, USA. The objective was to rationalize problems and propose alternative digital approaches. STUDY DESIGN: We sought to identify solutions to improve the following: (a) interpretive examination scores at KAMC for complex cytological templates (i...
November 29, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180582/teaching-neuroimages-brain-imaging-findings-in-acute-methanol-toxicity
#9
Dustin Anderson, Grayson Beecher, Derek Emery, Rachel G Khadaroo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177526/using-social-media-to-support-clinical-education
#10
Jennifer Jackson
Social media has been used increasingly as part of nursing education. Nurse educators at a large, multisite teaching hospital used social media to support clinical teaching. A series of educational images was created by nurse educators and shared across Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram. This campaign coincided with in-unit clinical education. Nurse educators can consider using social media as an adjunct to clinical teaching, especially in large hospital settings. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2017;48(12):541-542.
December 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177179/endovascular-management-of-a-penetrating-zone-iii-retroperitoneal-gunshot-wound-injury-a-case-report
#11
Saptarshi Biswas, Boris Hristov
Traumatic iliac vessels injuries secondary to gunshot wound can often be fatal at the scene. One of the intriguing complications of vascular injuries is arteriovenous fistula. If the patient survives, these lesions may often not be diagnosed on first evaluation and patients may present with clinical signs and symptoms years later. Open surgical repair can have prohibitive morbidity and mortality and endovascular techniques, an effective treatment alternative, can interrupt the abnormal vascular communication and preserve artery vein patency...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176371/percutaneous-image-guided-surgery-training-model-ihu-daicim
#12
Mariano Eduardo Gimenez, Carlos Federico Davrieux, Edgardo Serra, Mariano Palermo, Eduardo Javier Houghton, Pablo Agustin Acquafresca, Bernard Dallemagne, Jung-Myun Kwak, Cristians Alejandro Gonzalez, Jacques Marescaux
The evolution of guided imaging surgery is well known in recent years. As the field of action becomes more specific, learning and teaching are also more specific. State-of-the-art medical training should be mandatory in the field of general medicine and surgery in particular. In this work, we report on how to create a model for the formation of guided surgery by images in a simple and fast way, and its implementation by young surgeons. Pig models have been used in which collections made by bovine small intestine and simulated tumor lesions have been placed...
November 15, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175132/dutch-women-s-attitudes-towards-hysterectomy-and-uterus-preservation-in-surgical-treatment-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#13
Mèlanie N van IJsselmuiden, Renée J Detollenaere, Maaike B E Gerritse, Kirsten B Kluivers, Marlies Y Bongers, Hugo W F van Eijndhoven
OBJECTIVE: To investigate Dutch women's attitudes and preferences towards hysterectomy or uterus preservation in surgical treatment of pelvic organ prolapse. STUDY DESIGN: Women's attitude was assessed by a structured questionnaire in one university hospital and one non-university teaching hospital in the Netherlands. Between December 2013 and November 2014, 102 women referred with prolapse complaints, without previous prolapse surgery, responded to the questionnaire received by mail prior to gynaecological consultation...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174747/validation-of-a-mathematical-model-of-bidirectional-glenn-circulation-with-aortopulmonary-collaterals-and-the-implications-for-qp-qs-calculation
#14
Zhe A Fang, Sunil J Ghelani, Sophia Koutsogiannaki, James A DiNardo, Koichi Yuki
OBJECTIVES: A mathematical model of the oxygen delivery kinetics of the bidirectional Glenn (BDG) shunt circulation incorporating aortopulmonary collateral (APC) flow was created. The model was used to characterize oxygen delivery and compare modeled data to actual patient data obtained using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and catheterization. In addition, cardiac MRI and catheterization assessment of pulmonary blood flow in the presence of APC flow were compared. DESIGN: Mathematical model and retrospective data analysis of patients who underwent cardiac MRI and catheterization...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171969/teaching-learning-based-optimization-functional-link-artificial-neural-network-filter-for-mixed-noise-reduction-from-magnetic-resonance-image
#15
M Kumar, S K Mishra
BACKGROUND: The clinical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images may get corrupted due to the presence of the mixture of different types of noises such as Rician, Gaussian, impulse, etc. Most of the available filtering algorithms are noise specific, linear, and non-adaptive. OBJECTIVE: There is a need to develop a nonlinear adaptive filter that adapts itself according to the requirement and effectively applied for suppression of mixed noise from different MRI images...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170970/smartphones-in-clinical-practice-doctors-experience-at-two-dublin-paediatric-teaching-hospitals
#16
Taha S El Hadidy, Abdulrahman E Alshafei, Alan E Mortell, Eva M Doherty
INTRODUCTION: We conducted a study at two main centres for paediatric surgery in the Republic of Ireland, Temple Street Children's University Hospital (TSCUH) and Our Lady's Children's Hospital Crumlin (OLCHC). AIM: The aim of the study was to assess doctors' opinions, frequency and methods of smartphone use in clinical practice. METHODS: Doctors (n = 265) at the two hospitals were invited to complete a 12-item survey. Descriptive statistics were calculated accordingly...
November 23, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170811/triple-elastofibromas-located-in-the-supra-and-infrascapular-regions-a-case-report
#17
Cyprian Olchowy, Matías de Albert de Delás-Vigo, Manolo Perez, Nikaoly Ciriaco, Rosa Dominguez Oronoz
We report a case of triple elastofibromas located in the supra- and infrascapular regions. A 61-year-old female with a history of bilateral elastofibroma in the typical subscapular region (6 years before) was admitted for the evaluation of a left-sided suprascapular mass that she had first noted 3 months before. On physical examination, a firm, painless, mobile mass was palpated in the subcutaneous tissue. The patient had not observed any changes of the two known lesions over the past 6 years. The patient denied a family history of elastofibroma...
November 23, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167621/is-a-three-dimensional-printing-model-better-than-a-traditional-cardiac-model-for-medical-education-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-study
#18
Zhongmin Wang, Yuhao Liu, Hongxing Luo, Chuanyu Gao, Jing Zhang, Yuya Dai
Background: Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a newly-emerged technology converting a series of two-dimensional images to a touchable 3D model, but no studies have investigated whether or not a 3D printing model is better than a traditional cardiac model for medical education. Methods: A 3D printing cardiac model was generated using multi-slice computed tomography datasets. Thirty-four medical students were randomized to either the 3D Printing Group taught with the aid of a 3D printing cardiac model or the Traditional Model Group with a commonly used plastic cardiac model...
November 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166983/comparison-study-of-body-image-satisfaction-between-beginning-and-advanced-level-female-ballet-students
#19
Sally A Radell, Margaret L Keneman, Mara P Mandradjieff, Daniel D Adame, Steven P Cole
This mixed methods study compares the level of satisfaction with one's body image between beginning- and advanced-level female collegiate ballet students. Thirty-six beginning-level students were enrolled in two ballet classes, and a second group of 16 advanced-level students was enrolled in a third class. A mirror was used in the teaching of both groups. During the first and thirteenth week of a 14-week semester, students completed the Cash 69-item Body Self-Relations Questionnaire. In addition, five students from each group were randomly selected to participate in semi-structured interviews during the second and last week of the semester...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157444/a-tool-to-visualize-and-analyze-perfusion-data-development-and-application-of-the-r-package-ctp
#20
Seth T Lirette, Andrew D Smith, Inmaculada B Aban
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Computed tomography perfusion (CTP) is a widely used imaging modality especially in neuroimaging. Despite this, CTP is often prohibitive due to the dearth of free/open-source software. This could have wide-ranging implications for instruction and research. We have implemented an online-available CTP tool built and run completely within the R computing environment. METHODS: Called from within R, the user can select one of four different methods to construct a cerebral blood flow (CBF) map: (1) max-slope (2) singular value decomposition (3) block circulant singular value decomposition or (4) oscillation minimization singular value decomposition...
January 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
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