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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331123/development-of-teaching-materials-in-basic-nursing-using-virtual-reality-%C3%AF-ceiling-image-teaching-materials-of-a-hospital-room%C3%AF
#1
Keiko Tsuji, Naomi Iwata, Hiromi Kodama, Tomoko Hagiwara, Kiyako Takai, Maki Matsumoto
It is difficult to understand nursing practically for students who have just started studying nursing, because they cannot imagine the actual medical scene. The authors expect that they can improve nursing learning through experiences in virtual medical environments supported by ICT (information and commnication technology). We developed teaching materials in nursing education, and in a previous study we reported that the use of a virtual hospital was useful for students who had not had medical experience. The aim of the present study was to have students consider the meaning of a hospital room ceiling...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325503/is-a-retained-fundus-seen-on-postoperative-upper-gastrointestinal-series-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-predictive-of-inferior-weight-loss
#2
Arsalan Salamat, Mohammad R Afrasiabi, Rami E Lutfi
BACKGROUND: Postoperative upper gastrointestinal series (UGI) has never been shown to be effective in ruling out leaks or obstruction after gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy. In sleeve gastrectomies, UGI will define the shape of the sleeve and rule out a retained fundus that was not optimally excised during surgery. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the impact of a "retained fundus" on weight loss to determine whether UGIs can be used to gauge success of the operation and predict outcome...
January 27, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316582/what-we-do-and-do-not-know-about-teaching-medical-image-interpretation
#3
Ellen M Kok, Koos van Geel, Jeroen J G van Merriënboer, Simon G F Robben
Educators in medical image interpretation have difficulty finding scientific evidence as to how they should design their instruction. We review and comment on 81 papers that investigated instructional design in medical image interpretation. We distinguish between studies that evaluated complete offline courses and curricula, studies that evaluated e-learning modules, and studies that evaluated specific educational interventions. Twenty-three percent of all studies evaluated the implementation of complete courses or curricula, and 44% of the studies evaluated the implementation of e-learning modules...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298730/mapping-the-different-methods-adopted-for-diagnostic-imaging-instruction-at-medical-schools-in-brazil
#4
Rubens Chojniak, Dominique Piacenti Carneiro, Gustavo Simonetto Peres Moterani, Ivone da Silva Duarte, Almir Galvão Vieira Bitencourt, Valdair Francisco Muglia, Giuseppe D'Ippolito
OBJECTIVE: To map the different methods for diagnostic imaging instruction at medical schools in Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire was sent to each of the coordinators of 178 Brazilian medical schools. The following characteristics were assessed: teaching model; total course hours; infrastructure; numbers of students and professionals involved; themes addressed; diagnostic imaging modalities covered; and education policies related to diagnostic imaging...
January 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296621/optical-projection-tomography-as-a-novel-method-to-visualize-and-quantitate-whole-brain-patterns-of-cell-proliferation-in-the-adult-zebrafish-brain
#5
Benjamin W Lindsey, Jan Kaslin
How distinct cell populations are distributed in three-dimensional space under homeostasis or following injury, neurodegeneration, or with senescence can teach us much about brain-wide patterns and signaling along the neuroaxis. Visualizing individual cell populations in the mature vertebrate central nervous system (CNS) has remained a challenge as a result of difficulty clearing adult brain tissue or limitations in imaging depth or resolution. We have developed a simple clearing and imaging pipeline optimally suited for the adult zebrafish brain to investigate changes in patterns of cell proliferation in wild-type and transgenic backgrounds that can easily be quantified and represented using FIJI and IMARIS software...
March 15, 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287787/training-working-memory-in-older-adults-is-there-an-advantage-of-using-strategies
#6
Erika Borella, Barbara Carretti, Roberta Sciore, Emanuela Capotosto, Laurence Taconnat, Cesare Cornoldi, Rossana De Beni
The purpose of the present study was to test the efficacy of a working memory (WM) training in elderly people, and to compare the effects of a WM training based on an adaptive procedure with one combining the same procedure with the use of a strategy, based on the construction of visual mental images. Eighteen older adults received training with a WM task (the WM group), another 18 received the same WM training and were also taught to use a visual imagery strategy (the WM + Strategy group), and another 18 served as active controls...
March 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287520/murine-echocardiography-of-left-atrium-aorta-and-pulmonary-artery
#7
Alejandro Granillo, Celia A Pena, Thuy Pham, Lavannya M Pandit, George E Taffet
The present methodology teaches the investigator how to measure and use the LAV as a surrogate of chronic elevations in Left Ventricular diastolic pressure through echocardiography, as well as to obtain measurements of the Aorta and PA diameter in mice. Mice older than 10 d of age can be analyzed using the present technique. The technique is composed of 3 main steps: set-up, image acquisition, and image analysis. The set-up step consists of getting the mouse anesthetized with 1% isoflurane, shaving it, and taping it in a supine position to a heated EKG board where the image acquisition will take place...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284205/usage-of-3d-models-of-tetralogy-of-fallot-for-medical-education-impact-on-learning-congenital-heart-disease
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Yue-Hin Loke, Ashraf S Harahsheh, Axel Krieger, Laura J Olivieri
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common human birth defect, and clinicians need to understand the anatomy to effectively care for patients with CHD. However, standard two-dimensional (2D) display methods do not adequately carry the critical spatial information to reflect CHD anatomy. Three-dimensional (3D) models may be useful in improving the understanding of CHD, without requiring a mastery of cardiac imaging. The study aimed to evaluate the impact of 3D models on how pediatric residents understand and learn about tetralogy of Fallot following a teaching session...
March 11, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269430/initial-experiments-of-a-128-channel-fpga-and-pc-based-ultrasound-imaging-system-for-teaching-and-research-activities
#9
Amauri Amorin Assef, Joaquim Miguel Maia, Eduardo Tavares Costa
Although widely employed in medical diagnostic applications, most of the available commercial ultrasound (US) scanners do not always fit the needs of research users. Access to raw US data, portability, flexibility and advanced user control are essential features to explore alternative biomedical signal and imaging processing algorithms. In this paper, we present the initial results of a reconfigurable, cost-effective and modular 128-channel FPGA and PC-based US system, specifically designed for teaching and medical imaging research...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268846/dental-plaque-assessment-lifelogging-system-using-commercial-camera-for-oral-healthcare
#10
Mai Kasai, Yuka Iijima, Hiroshi Takemura, Hiroshi Mizoguchi, Tomoko Ohshima, Naho Satomi
We present a system for estimating the dental plaque adhesion area using a commercial camera image for oral healthcare via management of the intraoral environment. In recent years, several studies have reported on the relationship between a general disease and a periodontal disease. Such studies mention that normalization of the intraoral environment by tooth brushing is the most important treatment in preventive dentistry. However, evaluation of individual tooth brushing skill is difficult. Some devices for automatically measuring the quantity of dental plaque have already been proposed for the teaching tool of tooth brushing...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262386/resident-perspectives-of-an-interactive-case-review-following-independent-didactic-study-as-a-method-of-teaching-a-pediatric-imaging-curriculum
#11
Aleksandr Rozenberg, Sachin Dheer, Levon N Nazarian, Suzanne S Long
PURPOSE: The ABR has recently changed the format of the board examination, in which the oral examination was replaced by a computer based multiple-choice test. The purpose of this study was to determine resident's perceptions of a new conference resembling the new ABR format. METHODS: Residents were requested to review a series of didactic pediatric imaging presentations prior to attending case conference. During conference, unknown cases reflecting the subject matter from the didactic presentations were presented along with multiple-choice questions...
January 14, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259843/point-of-care-cardiac-ultrasound-techniques-in-the-physical-examination-better-at-the-bedside
#12
REVIEW
Bruce J Kimura
The development of hand-carried, battery-powered ultrasound devices has created a new practice in ultrasound diagnostic imaging, called 'point-of-care' ultrasound (POCUS). Capitalising on device portability, POCUS is marked by brief and limited ultrasound imaging performed by the physician at the bedside to increase diagnostic accuracy and expediency. The natural evolution of POCUS techniques in general medicine, particularly with pocket-sized devices, may be in the development of a basic ultrasound examination similar to the use of the binaural stethoscope...
March 4, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259605/hands-on-physics-education-of-residents-in-diagnostic-radiology
#13
Jie Zhang, Peter A Hardy, David J DiSantis, M Elizabeth Oates
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The American Board of Radiology Core Examination integrates assessment of physics knowledge into its overall testing of clinical radiology, with an emphasis on understanding image quality and artifacts, radiation dose, and patient safety for each modality or subspecialty organ system. Accordingly, achieving a holistic approach to physics education of radiology residents is a huge challenge. The traditional teaching of radiological physics-simply through didactic lectures-was not designed for such a holistic approach...
March 1, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259145/ultrasonographic-prevalence-and-characteristics-of-non-palpable-thyroid-incidentalomas-in-a-hospital-based-population-in-a-sub-saharan-country
#14
Boniface Moifo, Jean Roger Moulion Tapouh, Sylviane Dongmo Fomekong, François Djomou, Emmanuella Manka'a Wankie
BACKGROUND: Thyroid incidentalomas (TI) are highly prevalent asymptomatic thyroid nodules with ultrasound as the best imaging modality for their detection and characterization. Although they are mostly benign, potential for malignancy is up to 10-15%. In sub-Saharan Africa little data exists on the prevalence and risk categorization of TI. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and ultrasound characteristics of non-palpable thyroid incidentalomas among adults in sub-Saharan setting...
March 4, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258904/a-simplified-approach-to-encephalitis-and-its-mimics-key-clinical-decision-points-in-the-setting-of-specific-imaging-abnormalities
#15
Colin D McKnight, Aine M Kelly, Myria Petrou, Anna E Nidecker, Matthew T Lorincz, Duaa K Altaee, Stephen S Gebarski, Bradley Foerster
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Infectious encephalitis is a relatively common cause of morbidity and mortality. Treatment of infectious encephalitis with antiviral medication can be highly effective when administered promptly. Clinical mimics of encephalitis arise from a broad range of pathologic processes, including toxic, metabolic, neoplastic, autoimmune, and cardiovascular etiologies. These mimics need to be rapidly differentiated from infectious encephalitis to appropriately manage the correct etiology; however, the many overlapping signs of these various entities present a challenge to accurate diagnosis...
February 28, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249232/prevotella-intermedia-infection-causing-acute-and-complicated-aortitis-a-case-report
#16
C Boersma, L M Kampschreur, H Buter, B M Doorenbos, P Klinkert, G G Koning
INTRODUCTION: Aortitis is a general term that refers to all conditions involving an inflammation of the aortic wall. This case report describes the surgical approach of a patient with infectious and symptomatic aortitis caused by the rare vector Prevotella intermedia. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 44-year old male patient was admitted with fever and general discomfort after a period of sore throat in a non-teaching hospital. After two weeks he developed acute abdominal and back pain accompanied by sweating and elevated infection parameters...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247975/integrating-ultrasound-into-modern-medical-curricula
#17
REVIEW
Shilpan G Patel, Brion Benninger, S Ali Mirjalili
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasonography is widely practiced in many disciplines. It is becoming increasingly important to design well-structured curricula to introduce imaging to students during medical school. This review aims to analyze the literature for evidence of how ultrasonography has been incorporated into anatomy education in medical school curricula worldwide. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted using multiple databases with the keywords: "Ultrasound OR Ultrasonographic examination*" AND "Medical student* OR Undergraduate teaching* OR Medical education*" AND "Anatomy* OR Living anatomy* OR Real-time anatomy*"...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240274/low-cost-optical-mapping-systems-for-panoramic-imaging-of-complex-arrhythmias-and-drug-action-in-translational-heart-models
#18
Peter Lee, Conrado J Calvo, José M Alfonso-Almazán, Jorge G Quintanilla, Francisco J Chorro, Ping Yan, Leslie M Loew, David Filgueiras-Rama, José Millet
Panoramic optical mapping is the primary method for imaging electrophysiological activity from the entire outer surface of Langendorff-perfused hearts. To date, it is the only method of simultaneously measuring multiple key electrophysiological parameters, such as transmembrane voltage and intracellular free calcium, at high spatial and temporal resolution. Despite the impact it has already had on the fields of cardiac arrhythmias and whole-heart computational modeling, present-day system designs precludes its adoption by the broader cardiovascular research community because of their high costs...
February 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228942/effects-of-renal-denervation-on-vascular-remodelling-in-patients-with-heart-failure-and-preserved-ejection-fraction-a-randomised-control-trial
#19
Hitesh C Patel, Carl Hayward, Jennifer Keegan, Peter D Gatehouse, Ronak Rajani, Rajdeep S Khattar, Raad H Mohiaddin, Stuart D Rosen, Alexander R Lyon, Carlo di Mario
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of renal denervation (RDT) on micro- and macro-vascular function in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). DESIGN: A prospective, randomised, open-controlled trial with blinded end-point analysis. SETTING: A single-centre London teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five patients with HFpEF who were recruited into the RDT-PEF trial. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Macro-vascular: 24-h ambulatory pulse pressure, aorta distensibilty (from cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), aorta pulse wave velocity (CMR), augmentation index (peripheral tonometry) and renal artery blood flow indices (renal MR)...
January 2017: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228698/current-and-prospective-use-of-musculoskeletal-diagnostic-ultrasound-imaging-at-chiropractic-teaching-institutions-a-worldwide-survey-of-diagnostic-imaging-staff
#20
Rogan E A Henderson, Bruce F Walker, Kenneth J Young
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to survey the use of musculoskeletal diagnostic ultrasound imaging (MSK-DUSI) at chiropractic educational programs worldwide and to elicit opinions of academic diagnostic imaging staff of its prospective use at their teaching institutions. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was delivered in 2014 using SurveyMonkey and notifications were disseminated by e-mail to 127 diagnostic imaging staff at chiropractic programs worldwide...
March 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
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