keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

outcome study

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092934/visceral-leishmaniasis-treatment-outcome-and-its-determinants-in-northwest-ethiopia
#1
Berihun Assefa Dachew, Getachew Mebrahtu Welay, Kefyalew Addis Alene
Background: Poor treatment outcomes of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) are responsible for a high mortality rate in resource limited setting like Ethiopia. This study aimed at evaluating the magnitude and identifying determinants of poor VL treatment outcome in Kahsay Abera Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. Methods: A hospital based retrospective follow up study was conducted among 595 VL patients who were admitted to Kahsay Abera Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia from October 2010 to April 2013...
December 28, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092922/the-effectiveness-of-free-vascularized-fibular-flaps-in-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-and-neck-a-systematic-review
#2
Cassandra A Ligh, Jonas A Nelson, John P Fischer, Stephen J Kovach, L Scott Levin
Background Free vascularized fibular flaps (FVFFs) are accepted surgical options to treat osteonecrosis of the femoral head and neck (ONFHN) to prevent conversion to total hip replacement (THR), yet many studies are single institution cohorts, with little generalizability. Purpose The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review examining the comparative effectiveness of FVFF to treat ONFHN, particularly preventing conversion to a THR and improving hip function/symptoms. Methods We searched PubMed and EMBASE databases using femoral head, free fibula, and femoral neck keywords...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092853/operative-vaginal-delivery-and-invasive-procedures-in-pregnancy-among-women-living-with-hiv
#3
Helen Peters, Kate Francis, Kate Harding, Pat A Tookey, Claire Thorne
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use and outcomes of operative delivery and invasive procedures in pregnancy amongst women living with HIV. STUDY DESIGN: The National Study of HIV in Pregnancy and Childhood (NSHPC) is a comprehensive population-based surveillance study in the UK and Ireland. The NSHPC has collected data on operative delivery since 2008, and invasive procedures in pregnancy (amniocentesis, cordocentesis, chorionic villus sampling) from 2012. Descriptive analyses were conducted on 278 pregnancies expected to deliver from 1 January 2008 with outcome reported to the NSHPC by 31 March 2016...
December 24, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092847/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-post-stroke-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials
#4
REVIEW
XinYi Shen, MingYi Liu, Yu Cheng, Cui Jia, XinYue Pan, QingYun Gou, XinLian Liu, Hui Cao, LuShun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Every year, more than fifteen million people worldwide experience a stroke, nearly 30% of stroke survivors are likely to experience post-stroke depression (PSD). Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is one of the emerging techniques which assist in targeting rehabilitation after stroke. Although deterioration of PSD greatly affects the recovery and quality of life of stroke sufferers, the effect of rTMS therapy has not been systematically studied. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to determine the effect of rTMS on PSD...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092836/antiviral-drug-acyclovir-exhibits-antitumor-activity-via-targeting-%C3%AE-trcp1-molecular-docking-and-dynamics-simulation-study
#5
Shagufta Shafique, Sajid Rashid
The critical role of βTrCP1 in cancer development makes it a discerning target for the development of small drug like molecules. Currently, no inhibitor exists that is able to target its substrate binding site. Through molecular docking and dynamics simulation assays, we explored the comparative binding pattern of βTrCP1-WD40 domain with ACV and its phospho-derivatives (ACVMP, ACVDP and ACVTP). Consequently, through principal component analysis, βTrCP1-ACVTP was found to be more stable complex by obscuring a reduced conformational space than other systems...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092800/effect-of-venepuncture-process-design-on-efficiency-and-failure-rates-a-simulation-model-study-for-secondary-care
#6
Sean Reed, Rasa Remenyte-Prescott, Ben Rees
BACKGROUND: Healthcare aims to deliver good patient outcomes. For many clinical procedures there are multiple alternative task sequences that can be performed. These deviations can influence procedure reliability, efficiency of usage of hospital resources and risk to staff and patient safety. Venepuncture is one of the most common invasive procedures in healthcare. Literature of clinical practice shows evidence of wide variability in the procedure order and the duration of each step, which can depend on attributes, such as patient health, sampling method and staff skills...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092775/alcohol-use-and-suicidality-in-firefighters-associations-with-depressive-symptoms-and-posttraumatic-stress
#7
Colleen E Martin, Anka A Vujanovic, Daniel J Paulus, Brooke Bartlett, Matthew W Gallagher, Jana K Tran
Both suicidality and alcohol use disorders are significant public health concerns among firefighters, and alcohol use is associated with increased suicide risk. In addition, firefighters endorse high rates of symptoms of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Thus, the current investigation examined associations between alcohol dependence and suicide risk among a large sample of firefighters. Specifically, this study examined the indirect effects of alcohol dependence on suicidality outcomes via both depression and posttraumatic stress, using structural equation modeling...
January 7, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092759/effects-of-donor-proliferation-in-development-aid-for-health-on-health-program-performance-a-conceptual-framework
#8
REVIEW
Sarah Wood Pallas, Jennifer Prah Ruger
Development aid for health increased dramatically during the past two decades, raising concerns about inefficiency and lack of coherence among the growing number of global health donors. However, we lack a framework for how donor proliferation affects health program performance to inform theory-based evaluation of aid effectiveness policies. A review of academic and gray literature was conducted. Data were extracted from the literature sample on study design and evidence for hypothesized effects of donor proliferation on health program performance, which were iteratively grouped into categories and mapped into a new conceptual framework...
January 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092756/effects-of-assisted-outpatient-treatment-and-health-care-services-on-psychotic-symptoms
#9
Andres R Schneeberger, Christian G Huber, Undine E Lang, Kristina H Muenzenmaier, Dorothy Castille, Matthias Jaeger, Azizi Seixas, Julia Sowislo, Bruce G Link
RATIONALE: An ongoing debate concerns acceptability, benefits, and shortcomings of coercive treatment such as assisted outpatient treatment (AOT). The hypothesis that involuntary commitment to outpatient treatment may lead to a better clinical outcome for a subgroup of persons with severe mental illness (SMI) is controversial. Nonetheless, positive effects of AOT may be mediated by an increased availability of healthcare resources or increased service use. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the course of delusions, hallucinations, and negative symptoms among patients with SMI receiving AOT compared to patients receiving non-compulsory treatment (NCT)...
January 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092754/public-participation-gis-for-improving-wood-burning-emissions-from-residential-heating-and-urban-environmental-management
#10
Susana López-Aparicio, Matthias Vogt, Philipp Schneider, Maarit Kahila-Tani, Anna Broberg
A crowdsourcing study supported by a public participation GIS tool was designed and carried out in two Norwegian regions. The aim was to improve the knowledge about emissions from wood burning for residential heating in urban areas based on the collection of citizens' localized insights. We focus on three main issues: 1) type of dwelling and residential heating source; 2) wood consumption and type of wood appliances; and 3) citizens' perception of the urban environment. Our study shows the importance of wood burning for residential heating, and of the resulted particle emissions, in Norwegian urban areas...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092727/sitting-ducks-face-chronic-disease-an-analysis-of-newspaper-coverage-of-sedentary-behaviour-as-a-health-issue-in-australia-2000-2012
#11
Josephine Y Chau, Catriona Bonfiglioli, Amy Zhong, Zeljko Pedisic, Michelle Daley, Bronwyn McGill, Adrian Bauman
Issue addressed: This study examines how sedentary behaviour (too much sitting) was covered as a health issue by Australian newspapers and how physical activity was framed within this newspaper coverage.Methods: Articles featuring sedentary behaviour published in Australian newspapers between 2000 and 2012 were analysed for content and framing. Main outcome measures were volume, number and content of newspaper articles; framing and types of sedentary behaviour; responsibility for the problem of and solutions to high levels of sedentary behaviour; and physical activity mentions and how it was framed within sedentary behaviour coverage...
January 12, 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092674/a-targetable-hb-egf-cited4-axis-controls-oncogenesis-in-lung-cancer
#12
C-H Hsieh, Y-T Chou, M-H Kuo, H-P Tsai, J-L Chang, C-W Wu
Aberrant epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR) signaling contributes to neoplastic initiation and progression in lung. Mutated EGFR has become as an important therapeutic target in lung cancer, whereas targeted treatment is not available for wild-type EGFR or its ligands. In this study, we found that heparin-binding (HB)-EGF, a member of the EGF family, was highly expressed in a subset of lung cancer, proliferation of which was dependent on HB-EGF signaling. Silencing of HB-EGF with RNA interference inhibited cell cycle progression in lung cancer cells...
January 16, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092648/does-brief-chronic-pain-management-education-change-opioid-prescribing-rates-a-pragmatic-trial-in-australian-early-career-general-practitioners
#13
Simon Mark Holliday, Chris Hayes, Adrian J Dunlop, Simon Morgan, Amanda Tapley, Kim M Henderson, Mieke L van Driel, Elizabeth G Holliday, Jean I Ball, Andrew Davey, Neil Allan Spike, Lawrence Andrew McArthur, Parker John Magin
We aimed to evaluate the effect of pain education on opioid prescribing by early-career general practitioners. A brief training workshop was delivered to general practice registrars of a single regional training provider. The workshop significantly reduced "hypothetical" opioid prescribing (in response to paper-based vignettes) in an earlier evaluation. The effect of the training on "actual" prescribing was evaluated using a nonequivalent control group design nested within the Registrar Clinical Encounters in Training (ReCEnT) cohort study: 4 other regional training providers were controls...
February 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092647/dietary-intake-mediates-the-relationship-of-body-fat-to-pain
#14
Charles F Emery, KayLoni L Olson, Andrew Bodine, Victoria Lee, Diane L Habash
Prior studies have documented an association of obesity with chronic pain, but the mechanism explaining the association remains unknown. This study evaluated the degree to which dietary intake of foods with anti-inflammatory effects mediates the relationship of body fat to body pain. Ninety-eight community-residing healthy adults (60% women; mean age = 43.2 ± 15.3 years; range: 20-78 years) participated in a home-based study of home environment, food-related behaviors, health, and adiposity. During a 3-hour home visit evaluation, 3 measures of body fat were collected, including height and weight for calculation of body mass index (BMI)...
February 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092497/polymyxin-b-hemoperfusion-for-sepsis-and-septic-shock-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Takero Terayama, Kazuma Yamakawa, Yutaka Umemura, Morio Aihara, Satoshi Fujimi
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of direct hemoperfusion with polymyxin B-immobilized fiber (PMX-DHP) therapy in patients with sepsis. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis of four major databases: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Science Citation Index Expanded. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials comparing PMX-DHP with conventional therapy on the outcome of mortality in patients with severe sepsis/septic shock...
January 16, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092477/long-term-oncological-outcomes-of-endoscopic-stenting-as-a-bridge-to-surgery-versus-emergency-surgery-for-malignant-colorectal-obstruction-a-comparative-study
#16
Fei-Hu Yan, Zheng Lou, Xiao-Shuang Liu, Zhen Wang, Xiao-Dong Xu, Yong-Jun-Yi Gao, Jian He, Hao Wang, Chuan-Gang Fu, Wei Zhang, Hai-Yan He, Bei-Li Cai, En-da Yu
AIM: With consideration of the theoretical link between the stent insertion and the increased risk of tumor cells spillaged, which may lead to distant metastases, there is a concern about long-term clinical outcomes after the usage of self-expanding metallic stents (SEMS) as a "bridge to surgery" in the malignant colorectal obstruction (MCO) treatment. This cohort study aimed to compare the long-term oncological outcomes of SEMS as a bridge to surgery (SEMS group) with those of emergency surgery (ES group) for MCO...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092464/expectations-for-treatment-in-pediatric-weight-management-and-relationship-to-attrition
#17
Erinn T Rhodes, Richard E Boles, Kimberly Chin, Amy Christison, Elizabeth Getzoff Testa, Kimberly Guion, Mary Jane Hawkins, Carter R Petty, Bethany Sallinen Gaffka, Melissa Santos, Laura Shaffer, Jared Tucker, Sarah E Hampl
BACKGROUND: Attrition in pediatric weight management negatively impacts treatment outcomes. A potentially modifiable contributor to attrition is unmet family expectations. This study aimed to evaluate the association between adolescent and parent/guardian treatment expectations and attrition. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective, nonrandomized, uncontrolled, single-arm pilot trial was conducted among 12 pediatric weight management programs in the Children's Hospital Association's FOCUS on a Fitter Future collaborative...
January 16, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092462/adolescent-cardiovascular-functional-and-structural-outcomes-of-growth-trajectories-from-infancy-prospective-community-based-study
#18
Alanna N Hanvey, Fiona K Mensah, Susan A Clifford, Melissa Wake
BACKGROUND: Adult BMI trajectories outperform single BMI measurements as predictors of cardiovascular mortality; however, it is unknown whether this also holds in childhood. We aimed to identify BMI trajectory categories from birth to adolescence, and examine their associations with adolescent cardiovascular function and structure. METHODS: Adolescents from a community-based prospective birth cohort completed 11-16 BMI measurements between birth and adolescence...
January 16, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092399/association-of-dietary-patterns-with-global-and-domain-specific-cognitive-decline-in-chinese-elderly
#19
Yen-Ching Chen, Chien-Cheng Jung, Jen-Hau Chen, Jeng-Min Chiou, Ta-Fu Chen, Ya-Fang Chen, Sung-Chun Tang, Shin-Joe Yeh, Meei-Shyuan Lee
BACKGROUND: Significant differences exist between eastern and western diets, and the way in which Chinese dietary intake relates to specific cognitive domains remains unclear. We aimed to assess the association between dietary patterns (DPs) and cognitive decline in Chinese elderly. SETTING: Participants were recruited from the elderly health checkup program of a teaching hospital in Taipei, Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 475 elders (age ≥65) were included in this prospective cohort study...
January 16, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092393/surgical-treatment-of-adult-onset-esotropia-characteristics-and-outcomes
#20
Sara F Grace, Kara M Cavuoto, Wei Shi, Hilda Capo
PURPOSE: To describe the characteristics of the strabismus, surgical management, and outcomes of patients who underwent surgery for adult-onset esotropia. METHODS: This was a retrospective case study of patients at an academic tertiary referral center who underwent surgical treatment of esotropia acquired at or after age 18 years. Primary outcome measures were resolution of diplopia in primary position and a deviation of 10 prism diopters or less in primary gaze...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
keyword
keyword
73252
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"