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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222581/a-comparison-of-the-physiological-demands-imposed-by-competing-in-a-half-marathon-vs-a-marathon
#1
Juan Del Coso, Juan J Salinero, Beatriz Lara, Javier Abián-Vicén, César Gallo-Salazar, Francisco Areces
BACKGROUND: While there is widespread scientific information about the physiological challenges imposed on elite endurance runners during competitions, the information regarding the amateur population is scarce. The aim of this study was to compare the physical and physiological load imposed by competing in a real half-marathon vs a marathon race. METHODS: From a larger group of participants, we selected 22 experienced runners who were matched in pairs (11 marathoners and 11 half-marathoners) for age and anthropometric data...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222580/acute-and-delayed-responses-of-steroidal-hormones-blood-lactate-and-biomarkers-of-muscle-damage-after-a-resistance-training-session-time-of-day-effects
#2
Achraf Ammar, Hamdi Chtourou, Mouna Turki, Omar Hammouda, Ahmed Chaari, Mariem Boudaya, Tarak Driss, Fatma Ayedi, Nizar Souissi
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to investigate the effect of time-of-days (TOD) on some biochemical and hormonal responses after resistance training sessions. METHODS: Ten trained subjects (22±2 years) performed, in randomized order, three resistance-training-sessions at 07h:00, 13h:00 and 17h:00. Each training-session included six upper and lower body resistance exercises with 3×10 repetitions. Blood lactate (Lac), creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), cortisol (C) and testosterone (T) were collected at rest, 3min and 48h after each-session...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222575/the-effect-of-pacing-strategy-on-physiological-kinetic-and-performance-variables-during-simulated-rowing-ergometer
#3
Eleni Dimakopoulou, Elias Zacharogiannis, Chrysoula Chairopoulou, Socratis Kaloupsis, Theodoros Platanou
BACKGROUND: This study compared the effects of self selected (SSP), negative (NPS) and even (EPS) pacing strategy on performance time, kinetic and physiological variables in overall 2km rowing and in first and second 1km. METHODS: Fifteen male rowers (15.37 ± 1.34 yrs) realized four tests: an incremental test on a rowing ergometer to determine their VO2peak and three experimental 2 km rowing race, where first 1km was manipulated. From SSP a negative pacing strategy, 4% slower than the mean velocity of SSP, and an even pacing strategy (EPS) with mean velocity of SSP, were developed...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222574/separate-aftereffects-of-morning-and-evening-exercise-on-ambulatory-blood-pressure-in-pre-hypertensive-men
#4
Leandro C Brito, Rafael A Rezende, Caroline Mendes, Natan D Silva-Junior, Taís Tinucci, José Cipolla-Neto, Claudia L Forjaz
BACKGROUND: Clinic post-exercise hypotension (PEH) is different after aerobic exercise performed in the morning and in the evening. Thus, ambulatory PEH should also differ after exercises conducted at different times of day. However, because of the circadian pattern of BP, ambulatory PEH should be assessed considering a control condition. Thus, this study was designed to verify the effects of morning and evening exercises on post-exercise ambulatory BP averages and circadian parameters by comparing responses obtained at each time of day after an exercise and a control session...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222573/soccer-related-performance-in-eumenorrheic-tunisian-high-level-soccer-players-effects-of-menstrual-cycle-phase-and-moment-of-day
#5
Mohamed Tounsi, Hamdi Jaafar, Asma Aloui, Nizar Souissi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the combined effects of menstrual cycle phase and moment of day on female soccer players' performances in the five-jump test (5JT), the repeated shuttle- sprint ability test (RSSA), and the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level 1 (YYIRT1). METHODS: Eleven eumenorrheic Tunisian high-level soccer players volunteered to participate. Each subject individually participated in three testing periods: one in the early follicular phase (menses), one in the late follicular phase, and another in the luteal phase...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222569/comparison-of-online-awareness-and-error-behaviour-during-occupational-performance-by-two-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-matched-controls
#6
Emmah Doig, Jenny Fleming, Bonnie Lin
BACKGROUND: Online awareness and error behaviour has largely been studied using computer-based tests or prescribed functional tasks in participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare online awareness and error behaviour of two participants with TBI with two matched controls during tasks of meaning and importance to the participants with TBI, using an occupation-based online awareness assessment. METHODS: Participants were two males with TBI (aged 22 and 23) and two controls (aged 23 and 27)...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222567/immune-biomarkers-for-the-diagnosis-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Ashley B Petrone, Valerie Gionis, Richard Giersch, Taura L Barr
BACKGROUND: In 2010, there were approximately 2.2 million emergency room visits associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI), with 80 percent diagnosed as mild TBI or concussion. In addition, there are a large number of TBIs, especially mild TBIs, which go either unreported by patients or initially undiagnosed by clinicians. Our team has previously identified a panel of immune-related genes that can diagnose ischemic stroke at triage, and due to shared pathophysiological mechanisms of TBI and stroke, we hypothesized that this panel of genes may also be utilized for the diagnosis of TBI...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222565/carbon-modular-orthosis-ca-m-o-an%C3%A2-innovative-hybrid-modular-ankle-foot-orthosis-to-tune-the-variable-rehabilitation-needs-in-hemiplegic-cerebral-palsy
#8
E Tavernese, M Petrarca, G Rosellini, E Di Stanislao, A Pisano, G Di Rosa, E Castelli
BACKGROUND: Hemiplegic Celebral Palsy (CP) children commonly use AFO orthoses as walking aids. It is known that AFOs may have a detrimental effect on gait. To enhance mechanical properties of AFOs we developed an innovative, custom-made, carbon, ankle-foot orthosis (Ca.M.O) which offers the opportunity to tune its response to the patient's gait characteristics and/or functional maturity. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of Ca.M.O. in improving gait in a group of hemiplegic CP children and to compare its performances with those of commonly prescribed AFO...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222561/validation-of-the-standardized-touchscreen-assessment-of-cognition-with-neurotypical-adults
#9
Sarah E Wallace, Elena Donoso Brown, Andrea D Fairman, Koren Beardshall, Anna Olexsovich, Alicia Taylor, James B Schreiber
BACKGROUND: Portable electronic devices are increasingly being used for clinical assessment of individuals with cognitive deficits. Prior to implementation of tablet-based assessments, comparison with other standard measures is needed. OBJECTIVE: The study purpose was to compare an iPad administered cognitive assessment known as the Standardized Touchscreen Assessment of Cognition (STAC) to the Cognitive Linguistic Quick Test (CLQT) and the Cognitive Assessment of Minnesota (CAM)...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222559/brain-activity-during-a-lower-limb-functional-task-in-a-real-and-virtual-environment-a-comparative-study
#10
Thaiana Barbosa Ferreira Pacheco, Isabelle Ananda Oliveira Rego, Tania Fernandes Campos, Fabrícia Azevedo da Costa Cavalcanti
BACKGROUND: Virtual Reality (VR) has been contributing to Neurological Rehabilitation because of its interactive and multisensory nature, providing the potential of brain reorganization. Given the use of mobile EEG devices, there is the possibility of investigating how the virtual therapeutic environment can influence brain activity. OBJECTIVE: To compare theta, alpha, beta and gamma power in healthy young adults during a lower limb motor task in a virtual and real environment...
February 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222558/effects-of-gait-training-using-the-hybrid-assistive-limb%C3%A2-%C3%A2-in-recovery-phase-stroke-patients-a-2-month-follow-up-randomized-controlled-study
#11
Hiroki Watanabe, Ryohei Goto, Naoki Tanaka, Akira Matsumura, Hisako Yanagi
BACKGROUND: Gait training using the Hybrid Assistive Limb ® (HAL ®) may have beneficial effects on post-stroke gait function and independent walking. However, the long-term and medium-term efficacies of gait training using HAL ® in stroke patients remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To compare the medium-term efficacy of gait training using a single-leg version of the Hybrid Assistive Limb ® (HAL ®) on the paretic side with conventional gait training (CGT) in recovery-phase stroke patients...
January 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222557/effect-of-foot-placements-during-sit-to-stand-transition-on-timed-up-and-go-test-in-stroke-subjects-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Shreekanth D Karnad, Abraham M Joshua, Akshatha Nayak, B V Suresh, Prasanna Mithra, B Unnikrishnan
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Timed up and go (TUG) test is been used as a screening tool for the assessment of risk of falling in individuals following stroke. Though TUG test is a quick test, it has fair sensitivity compared to other tests. This study was carried out to obtain and compare test scores for different types of foot placements during sit to stand transition in stroke subjects. METHOD: A Cross-sectional study with purposive sampling included 28 post stroke subjects who were able to walk 6 meter with or without assistance...
February 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222547/brain-plasticity-after-implanted-peroneal-nerve-electrical-stimulation-to-improve-gait-in-chronic-stroke-patients-two-case-reports
#13
Aurore Thibaut, Florent Moissenet, Carol Di Perri, Céline Schreiber, Angélique Remacle, Elisabeth Kolanowski, Frédéric Chantraine, Claire Bernard, Roland Hustinx, Jean-Flory Tshibanda, Paul Filipetti, Steven Laureys, Olivia Gosseries
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that stimulation of the peroneal nerve using an implantable 4-channel peroneal nerve stimulator could improve gait in stroke patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess structural cortical and regional cerebral metabolism changes associated with an implanted peroneal nerve electrical stimulator to correct foot drop related to a central nervous system lesion. METHODS: Two stroke patients presenting a foot drop related to a central nervous system lesion were implanted with an implanted peroneal nerve electrical stimulator...
February 6, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222541/augmented-effects-of-emg-biofeedback-interfaced-with-virtual-reality-on-neuromuscular-control-and-movement-coordination-during-reaching-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#14
Ji Won Yoo, Dong Ryul Lee, Young Joo Cha, Sung Hyun You
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to compare therapeutic effects of an electromyography (EMG) biofeedback augmented by virtual reality (VR) and EMG biofeedback alone on the triceps and biceps (T:B) muscle activity imbalance and elbow joint movement coordination during a reaching motor taskOBJECTIVE: To compare therapeutic effects of an electromyography (EMG) biofeedback augmented by virtual reality (VR) and EMG biofeedback alone on the triceps and biceps muscle activity imbalance and elbow joint movement coordination during a reaching motor task in normal children and children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP)...
January 30, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222540/top-altmetric-scores-in-the-parkinson-s-disease-literature
#15
Rui Araújo, Aaron A Sorensen, Stacy Konkiel, Bastiaan R Bloem
A new class of social web-based metrics for scholarly publications (altmetrics) has surfaced as a complement to traditional citation-based metrics. Our aim was to study and characterize those recent papers in the field of Parkinson's disease which had received the highest Altmetric Attention Scores and to compare this attention measure to the traditional metrics. The top 20 papers in our analysis covered a variety of topics, mainly new disease mechanisms, treatment options and risk factors for the development of PD...
2017: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222536/predictors-of-recurrent-falls-in-people-with%C3%A2-parkinson-s-disease-and-proposal-for%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-predictive-tool
#16
Lorena R S Almeida, Guilherme T Valenca, Nádja N Negreiros, Elen B Pinto, Jamary Oliveira-Filho
BACKGROUND: Falls are a debilitating problem for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). OBJECTIVES: To compare clinical and functional characteristics of non-fallers, single and recurrent fallers (≥2 falls); to determine predictors of time to second fall; and to develop a predictive tool for identifying people with PD at different categories of falls risk. METHODS: Participants (n = 229) were assessed by disease-specific, self-report and balance measures and followed up for 12 months...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222532/prevalence-of-use-of-cardiovascular-drugs-in-dementia-patients-treated-in-general-practices-in-germany
#17
Louis Jacob, Jens Bohlken, Karel Kostev
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a chronic disease associated with numerous cardiovascular disorders. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of cardiovascular drug use in dementia patients treated in general practices in Germany. METHODS: The present study included patients who were diagnosed with dementia (Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, or unspecified dementia) in 2015. The main outcome measure was the proportion of patients using cardiovascular drugs...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222531/physical-exercise-with-music-maintains-activities-of-daily-living-in-patients-with-dementia-mihama-kiho-project-part-21
#18
Masayuki Satoh, Jun-Ichi Ogawa, Tomoko Tokita, Noriko Nakaguchi, Koji Nakao, Hirotaka Kida, Hidekazu Tomimoto
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that combined non-pharmacological interventions are more beneficial than single interventions for primary and secondary prevention of dementia. We previously reported enhanced effects of physical exercise with music (ExM) on cognitive function in normal elderly people compared to exercise alone. OBJECTIVE: To identify if ExM improves cognitive function and activities of daily living (ADLs) in dementia patients over cognitive stimulation (CS)...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222523/anomalous-white-matter-structure-and-the-effect-of-age-in-down-syndrome-patients
#19
Raquel Fenoll, Jesus Pujol, Susanna Esteba-Castillo, Susana de Sola, Núria Ribas-Vidal, Javier García-Alba, Gonzalo Sánchez-Benavides, Gerard Martínez-Vilavella, Joan Deus, Mara Dierssen, Ramón Novell-Alsina, Rafael de la Torre
BACKGROUND: Neural tissue alterations in Down syndrome are fully expressed at relatively late developmental stages. In addition, there is an early presence of neurodegenerative changes in the late life stages. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were both to characterize white matter abnormalities in the brain of adult Down syndrome patients using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and to investigate whether degenerative alterations in white matter structure are detectable before dementia is clinically evident...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222522/intranasal-insulin-transport-is-preserved-in%C3%A2-aged-samp8-mice-and-is-altered-by-albumin-and-insulin-receptor-inhibition
#20
Elizabeth M Rhea, Samantha R Humann, Surabhi Nirkhe, Susan A Farr, John E Morley, William A Banks
Insulin delivered to the level of the cribriform plate (intranasal insulin) is being investigated for its ability to enhance memory in people with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent work has shown intranasal insulin can be detected in young CD-1 mice within 5 min and is still present 60 min after injection. The current study determined whether intranasal insulin transport and the subsequent brain distribution of insulin varies in young, healthy mice (CD-1) compared to those with an AD-like phenotype (aged SAMP8) or those pre-disposed to develop such a phenotype (young SAMP8)...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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