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comparative study

A Gupta, M Aslam, S Rathi, B K Mishra, S Bhardwaj, R Jhamb, S V Madhu
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in India are non-obese. Asian-Indian subjects with diabetes have been shown to have low vitamin D levels. Whether low vitamin D levels and T2DM in Asian-Indians is attributable to the associated obesity as in caucasians is unclear. Hence we studied the association of vitamin D levels and T2DM in Asian-Indians with or without obesity. METHODS: Total of 213 subjects were recruited in four groups, group 1-Non-obese diabetic, group 2-Non-obese non-diabetic, group 3-Obese diabetic and group 4-Obese non-diabetic...
March 20, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
Angela Blasimann, Simon Eberle, Manuel Markus Scuderi
BACKGROUND:  Soccer is seen as highly intensive sport with an increased injury rate. Male adults are the players with the highest injury incidence. Accordingly, the importance of core muscle strengthening to prevent injury has increased in the past few years. Up to date, core muscle strengthening plays an important role in different prevention programs, such as the "FIFA 11 +". The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effect of core muscle strengthening on injury rate in male adult soccer players, including at least the known and easy exercises "plank" and "side plank", on injury rate in male adult soccer players...
March 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
Jie Tang, Jiaqian Fei, Chunxia Gu, Weixia Liu, Minwei Li, Cheng Zhou
BACKGROUND/AIMS: B and T lymphocyte attenuator (BTLA) is an immune inhibitory receptor involved in the pathogenesis of chronic viral infections. Little is known about the effects of BTLA gene polymorphisms on chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections. In this study, we investigated whether the polymorphisms of BTLA are associated with the progression of chronic HBV infection. METHODS: A total of 382 chronic HBV carriers and 170 healthy individuals in the same region were recruited for this study...
March 16, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Yan Yan, Li Liu, Jing Zeng, Liang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to improve the management quality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in rural areas. METHODS: Two hundred forty discharged COPD patients were divided into an intervention group and a control group. In the intervention group, 120 patients established contact with doctors through the network consulting room, namely doctor's mobile platform, and were managed through video, voice, and text by the doctors, and kept in close contact with the doctors after discharge (education, consultation), and received electronic prescriptions, and drugs were sent to the door by online retailers...
March 20, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Judy Tan, Anita Mehrotra, Girish N Nadkarni, John Cijiang He, Erik Langhoff, James Post, Carlos Galvao-Sobrinho, Henry C Thode, Rajeev Rohatgi
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients who live far (>30 miles) from their nephrologist experience lower rates of clinic visit adherence, limited access to treatment, and higher rates of hospitalization and mortality than patients who live in close proximity to their nephrologist. Strategies to minimize disparities between urban and remotely located CKD patients are needed. The purpose of this study was to determine whether adherence to clinic visits and clinical outcomes in the remote management of CKD via telenephrology is comparable to in-person conventional care...
March 20, 2018: American Journal of Nephrology
Celine Guidoux, Jean-Jacques Hauw, Isabelle F Klein, Julien Labreuche, Claudine Berr, Charles Duyckaerts, Pierre Amarenco
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) include hypertension and cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). The objective of this study was to determine the autopsy prevalence of CAA and the potential overlap with other risk factors among patients who died from ICH and also the correlation of CAA with cerebral microbleeds. METHODS: We analyzed 81 consecutive autopsy brains from patients with ICH. Staining for CAA detection was performed. We used an age- and sex-matched control group of routine brain autopsies of nonneurological patients to determine the frequencies of CAA and hypertension...
March 20, 2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Ana Carla Oliveira Garcia, Teresa Maria Momensohn-Santos, Douglas de Araújo Vilhena
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of spectral overlays on reading performance of Brazilian elementary school children. METHODS: Sixty-eight children (aged 9-12 years) enrolled in the 5th and 6th grade were included in the study. The Rate of Reading Test (RRT - Brazilian Portuguese version) was used to evaluate reading speed and the Irlen Reading Perceptual Scale was used to allocate the sample according to reading difficulty/discomfort symptoms and to define the optimal spectral overlays...
March 20, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Zhaohui Qiu, Jie Peng, Lingli Mou, Xiao Li, Fanqi Meng, Peng Yu
Multidrug resistance (MDR) of tumors occurs when tumor cells exhibit reduced sensitivity to a large number of unrelated drugs. The molecular mechanism of MDR commonly involves overexpression of the plasma membrane drug efflux pump P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Overexpression of P-gp may be induced by the selection and/or adaptation of cells during exposure to chemotherapeutic drugs, referred to as acquired P-gp-mediated MDR. This study aimed to establish a P-gp quantification method by Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography and Tandem Mass Spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) to better understand the regulation of P-gp expression and its relationship with the level of drug resistance...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Sara Tze Kwan Li, Janet Hui-Wen Hsiao
Music notation and English word reading both involve mapping horizontally arranged visual components to components in sound, in contrast to reading in logographic languages such as Chinese. Accordingly, music-reading expertise may influence English word processing more than Chinese character processing. Here we showed that musicians named English words significantly faster than non-musicians when words were presented in the left visual field/right hemisphere (RH) or the center position, suggesting an advantage of RH processing due to music reading experience...
March 17, 2018: Cognition
Lei Fang, Dedi Kong, Wei Xu
BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer is the most common malignancy in human endocrine system. This study aimed to investigate the effects of microRNA-625-3p (miR-625-3p) on thyroid cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis, as well as underlying potential mechanism. METHODS: The relative expressions of miR-625-3p in tumor tissues and adjacent normal tissues of 20 patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) were assessed using qRT-PCR. Cell transfection was used to up-regulate or down-regulate the expressions of miR-625-3p in thyroid cancer SW579 and TPC-1 cells...
March 17, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Barbara H Chaiyachati, Julie R Gaither, Marcia Hughes, Karen Foley-Schain, John M Leventhal
Although home visiting has been used in many populations in prevention efforts, the impact of scaled-up home-visiting programs on abuse and neglect remains unclear. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of voluntary participation in an established statewide home-visiting program for socially high-risk families on child maltreatment as identified by Child Protective Services (CPS). Propensity score matching was used to compare socially high-risk families with a child born between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2011 who participated in Connecticut's home-visiting program for first-time mothers and a comparison cohort of families who were eligible for the home-visiting program but did not participate...
March 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Cédric Annweiler, Natalia Ronquillo-Moreno, Andrea Tortosa-Rodríguez, Anna Guillén-Solà, Olga Vázquez-Ibar, Ferran Escalada, Josep M Muniesa, Ester Marco
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a prevalent condition related to adverse outcomes in older people. Our aim was to compare the diagnostic capacity of the malnutrition criteria of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ESPEN) with other classical diagnostic tools. METHODS: Cohort study of 102 consecutive in-patients ≥70 years admitted for postacute rehabilitation. Patients were considered malnourished if their Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) score was ≤11 and serum albumin <3 mg/dL or MNA-SF ≤ 11, serum albumin <3 mg/dL, and usual clinical signs and symptoms of malnutrition...
March 16, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Josefine Larsson, Katarzyna Smolarz, Justyna Świeżak, Magda Turower, Natalia Czerniawska, Mats Grahn
Anthropogenic pollution including metals, petroleum, toxins, nutrients and many others is a growing problem in the marine environment. These are important factors altering the environment and by that the fate of many local populations of marine organisms. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of selected point pollution sources on resident populations of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis trossulus) in the Baltic Sea using multiple biomarker approach. The study used a nested sampling scheme in which sites from reference (REF) habitats are geographically paired with selected sites from sewage treatment plants (STP) and harbors (HAR)...
March 1, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
Mahsa Mazloomi-Rezvani, Mehdi Salami-Kalajahi, Hossein Roghani-Mamaqani
Different core-shell nanoparticles with Au as core and stimuli-responsive polymers such as poly(acrylic acid) (PAA), poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA), poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm), poly(N,N'-methylenebis(acrylamide)) (PMBA), poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA) and poly((2-dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) as shells were fabricated via inverse emulsion polymerization. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) was used to investigate particles sizes and particle size distributions and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was applied to observe the core-shell structure of Au-polymer nanoparticles...
March 13, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Morteza Karimzadeh, Neda Manouchehri, Dariush Saberi, Khodabakhsh Niknam
All 66 conformers of guanylurea were optimized and frequency calculations were performed at M06-2X/6-311++G(d,p) level of theory. Theses conformers were categorized into five tautomers, and the most stable conformer of each tautomer were found. Geometrical parameters indicated that these tautomers have almost planar structure. Complete stepwise tautomerism were studied through both intramolecular proton transfer routs and internal rotations. Results indicated that the proton transfer routs involving four-membered heterocyclic structures were rate-determining steps...
March 6, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Lindsay Glicksberg, Sumandeep Rana, Sarah Kerrigan
PURPOSE: Synthetic cathinones are encountered in a variety of antemortem and postmortem forensic toxicology investigations. Earlier experimental studies using fortified urine have evaluated analyte, temperature and pH-dependent variables associated with their stability. The purpose of this study was to compare experimental findings with those obtained using authentic urine from cathinone users. METHODS: In this report we compare cathinone concentrations in 180 authentic unpreserved urine specimens, following known periods of refrigerated storage...
March 8, 2018: Forensic Science International
Heléne F Dorfling, Zarina Lockhat, Samantha Pretorius, Maryna Steyn, Anna C Oettlé
Although guidelines for facial approximations, including those for the eye, are in use in South Africa, limited data on African populations exist to confirm its validity. As precise placement of the eyes in facial approximations is of importance for facial recognition, this study tested established guidelines by measuring specific instrumental dimensions. Forty-nine cadavers from the Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University and the University of Pretoria were dissected to determine the position of the canthi and the size and position of the eyeball in the orbit...
March 8, 2018: Forensic Science International
Nurgul Atmaca, Sevket Arikan, Dinc Essiz, Hakan Kalender, Ozkan Simsek, Fatih Sultan Bilmen, Ruhi Kabakci
Mancozeb, metalaxyl and tebucanazole are widely used pesticides in agriculture and industry to treat plant pathogenic fungi. Livestock may be exposed to such substances by consuming contaminated plants. The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of these three fungicides on bovine luteal cell steroidogenesis. Luteal slices from mid-cycle corpus luteum were dissociated into single cell suspension in aerated (O2 ) culture media (DMEM/F12) by enzymatic digestion. The cells were incubated in newborn calf serum (10%) for 18 h and then with serum-free media containing mancozeb (0...
March 13, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Agnieszka Żelaźniewicz, Bogusław Pawłowski
AIM: Hand grip strength (HGS) is a non-invasive measure of physical strength, overall health, and nutritional status. The aim of the study was to test if HGS and its changes in pregnancy are related with offspring sex and birth weight. METHODS: We conducted longitudinal study on 95 healthy pregnant women (mean age 29.57 ± 3.43). HGS was measured in each trimester. A woman's height and changes in weight in pregnancy were also measured. The information on a child's sex, birth weight and the pregnancy week at delivery were derived from hospital records...
March 17, 2018: Early Human Development
Tatiana Robledo-Mahón, Elisabet Aranda, Chiara Pesciaroli, Alfonso Rodríguez-Calvo, Gloria Andrea Silva-Castro, Jesús González-López, Concepción Calvo
Sewage sludge composting is a profitable process economically viable and environmentally friendly. In despite of there are several kind of composting types, the use of combined system of semipermeable cover film and aeration air-floor is widely developed at industrial scale. However, the knowledge of the linkages between microbial communities structure, enzyme activities and physico-chemical factors under these conditions it has been poorly explored. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the bacterial dynamic and community structure using next generation sequencing coupled to analyses of microbial enzymatic activity and culturable dependent techniques in a full-scale real composting plant...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
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