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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328661/microangiography-to-monitor-treatment-outcomes-following-severe-frostbite-injury-to-the-hands
#1
Thomas Masters, Steven Omodt, Jon Gayken, Christopher Logue, Bjorn Westgard, Stephen Hendriksen, Joseph Walter, Rachel Nygaard
Frostbite injury causes direct damage to tissues following exposure to temperatures below their freezing point causing tissue death potentially leading to serious amputations. After rewarming, a variety of treatment options have been employed to avoid amputation. This case report details the use of indocyanine green fluorescence microangiography to monitor the clinical progression of perfusion following hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) for severe frostbite injury. We present a case report of a man with deep frostbite of the bilateral hands treated with thrombolytics and HBOT...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314420/sport-injuries-of-the-ear-and-temporal-bone
#2
REVIEW
L Mariel Osetinsky, Grant S Hamilton, Matthew L Carlson
In cases of head trauma, the ear should be evaluated in all of its components. A good understanding of otologic and skull base anatomy enables a thorough trauma assessment of this complex anatomic region. Auricular laceration, abrasion, avulsion, hematoma, frostbite, otitis externa, exostosis, tympanic membrane perforation, ossicular discontinuity, perilymphatic fistula, labyrinthine concussion, temporal bone fracture, facial nerve paresis, and sensorineural hearing loss are a few of the more common otologic injuries seen in active patients...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296671/the-use-of-thrombolytic-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-frostbite-injury
#3
Allyson Wexler, Sarah Zavala
Frostbite can lead to severe consequences including loss of digits and limbs. One of the mechanisms of frostbite includes vascular thrombosis. The use of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) in frostbite has been shown to be effective in case reports and small prospective studies. A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients admitted for frostbite between January 2008 and April 2015, and six patients were identified as having received treatment with intravenous tPA. Patients received an initial bolus dose followed by a 6-hour infusion of tPA...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259274/use-and-effectiveness-of-ethyl-chloride-for-hand-injections
#4
Orrin I Franko, Peter J Stern
PURPOSE: Limited literature supports using ethyl chloride topical spray as an anesthetic for hand injections whereas documented risks include frostbite, skin irritation, and inhalation toxicity. We hypothesize that ethyl chloride spray imparts no benefit to patients' perception of pain or anxiety for routine hand injections. METHODS: We first surveyed all members of the American Society for Surgery of the Hand to discern the prevalence of ethyl chloride use during routine injections...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216727/high-altitude-dermatology
#5
Lt Col G K Singh
Approximately, 140 million people worldwide live permanently at high altitudes (HAs) and approximately another 40 million people travel to HA area (HAA) every year for reasons of occupation, sports or recreation. In India, whole of Ladakh region, part of Northwest Kashmir, Northern part of Sikkim and Tenga valley of Arunachal are considered inhabited areas of HAA. The low quantity of oxygen, high exposure of ultraviolet (UV) light, very low humidity, extreme subzero temperature in winter, high wind velocity, make this region difficult for lowlanders as well as for tourists...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194278/burns-and-frostbite-in-the-red-army-during-world-war-ii
#6
Vladimir Sokolov, Alexey Biryukov, Igor Chmyrev, Mikhail Tarasenko, Pavel Kabanov
The start of World War II (WWII) led to the deployment of combat troops in several continents. Destruction and many casualties among both the military and civilians became an inevitable consequence. A large amount of people injured were in need of life-saving treatment and a speedy return to duty. Intensive studies of the specific issues of diagnosis and treatment of thermal injury were conducted in the Soviet Union before the war. The first special units for patients with burn injuries were created, and the first specialists received their first clinical experience...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159151/the-use-of-intravenous-tpa-for-the-treatment-of-severe-frostbite
#7
Larry M Jones, Rebecca A Coffey, Mona P Natwa, J Kevin Bailey
OBJECTIVE: tPA and anticoagulation for treatment of severe frostbite have been reported suggesting differences in imaging techniques, route of tPA administration and management of patients after tPA infusion. This is a report of our results following a protocol of Tc-99m scanning, intravenous tPA administration, followed by either systemic anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy. METHODS: Patients admitted to our burn center between February 13, 2015 and February 13, 2016 for frostbite who met inclusion criteria were treated with Tc-99m scan and intravenous tPA followed by systemic anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy...
January 31, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043261/-formulate-occupation-diagnosis-standard-of-frostbite
#8
Y J Xia, J Y Liu, J X Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891244/the-effectiveness-of-regional-cooling-for-paclitaxel-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#9
Junya Sato, Megumi Mori, Satoru Nihei, Masumi Kumagai, Satoshi Takeuchi, Masahiro Kashiwaba, Kenzo Kudo
BACKGROUND: There are currently no promising therapies available to treat or prevent peripheral neuropathy (PN) induced by anticancer drugs in a cumulative dose-dependent manner. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of regional cooling of hands and feet in preventing paclitaxel (PTX)-induced PN. METHODS: Patients with gynecologic cancer who received a tri-weekly cycle of chemotherapy including PTX at doses of 150-175 mg/m(2) were included in this study. Regional cooling was performed by covering patient hands and feet with cold insulators during PTX administration (regional cooling group)...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851241/1606-from-frostbite-to-complex-valve-replacement
#10
Shubash Adhikari, Afoma King, Matthew Harinstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816378/dull-brains-and-frozen-feet-a-historical-essay-on-cold
#11
Harvey V Lankford
This essay will review historical and medical aspects of cold exposure, hypothermia, and frostbite during the Napoleonic era. The 19th century writings of Dominique Jean Larrey, Pierre Jean Moricheau-Beaupré, and others are used to provide an evocative supporting narrative to illustrate some of the cold illnesses, physiology, and theory of both an earlier era and the present time. Medical care for over a century followed the how but not the why of treating frostbite and hypothermia slowly with snow or cold water rather than heat...
December 2016: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792353/update-cold-weather-injuries-active-and-reserve-components-u-s-armed-forces-july-2011-june-2016
#12
Francis L O'Donnell, Stephen B Taubman
From July 2015 through June 2016, a total of 447 members of the active (n=383) and reserve (n=64) components had at least one medical encounter with a primary diagnosis of cold injury. The numbers of affected individuals in both components were the lowest since the 2011-2012 cold season, when the total was 394. In the active component, the service-specific incidence rates for each of the four services were lower than the respective rates for the previous (2014-2015) cold season. Frostbite was the most common type of cold injury...
October 2016: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685089/effects-of-low-frequency-pulsed-electromagnetic-fields-on-plateau-frostbite-healing-in-rats
#13
Mingke Jiao, Lin Lou, Lin Jiao, Jie Hu, Peng Zhang, Zhongming Wang, Wenjuan Xu, Xiliang Geng, Hongping Song
Plateau frostbite (PF) treatments have remained a clinical challenge because this condition injures tissues in deep layers and affected tissues exhibit unique pathological characteristics. For instance, low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) can affect tissue restoration and penetrate tissues. Therefore, the effect of PEMF on PF healing should be investigated. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of low-frequency PEMF on PF healing systematically. Ninety-six Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly and equally divided into three groups: normal control, partial thickness plateau frostbite (PTPF), and PTPF with low-frequency PEMF exposure (PTPF + PEMF)...
November 2016: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617909/initial-experience-alleviation-of-pain-with-percutaneous-ct-guided-cryoablation-for-recurrent-retroperitoneal-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#14
Wen-Zhe Fan, Li-Zhi Niu, Yu Wang, Xue-Hua Yao, Ying-Qiang Zhang, Guo-Sheng Tan, Jian-Yong Yang, Jia-Ping Li
PURPOSE: To evaluate the pain-alleviating effect of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous cryoablation for recurrent retroperitoneal soft-tissue sarcomas (RPSs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 19 men and 20 women (median age, 50.3 y) with recurrent malignant RPS who underwent percutaneous cryoablation were reviewed retrospectively. A total of 50 tumors were treated by cryoablation, including a single tumor in 29 patients, 2 tumors in 9, and 3 tumors in 1...
December 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613331/application-of-a-novel-rectal-cooling-device-in-hypothermia-therapy-after-cerebral-hypoxia-ischemia-in-rats
#15
Peng Liu, Rui Yang, Zelan Zuo
BACKGROUND: A new rectal cooling device for therapeutic hypothermia (TH) therapy is designed and is applied in TH treatment of SD rats with ischemic-hypoxic brain damage. METHODS: Healthy adult SD rats (n = 45) were randomly assigned into four groups: the healthy control group (n = 5), the ischemia and hypoxia group (n = 10), the rectal TH cooling group (n = 18), and the ice blanket TH cooling group (n = 11). The rats in the rectal cooling and ice blanket TH groups received 12 h treatment after hypoxic-ischemic brain damage had been established, while those in the ischemia and hypoxia group did not...
2016: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606554/time-matters-in-severe-frostbite-assessment-of-limb-digit-salvage-on-the-individual-patient-level
#16
Rachel M Nygaard, Alexandra M Lacey, Ashley Lemere, Michelle Dole, Jon R Gayken, Anne L Lambert Wagner, Ryan M Fey
Severe frostbite is associated with high levels of morbidity through loss of digits or limbs. The aim of this study was to examine the salvage rate following severe frostbite injury. Frostbite patients from 2006 to 2014 were identified in the prospectively maintained database at a single urban burn and trauma center. Patients with imaging demonstrating a lack of blood flow in limbs/digits were included in the analysis (N = 73). The Hennepin Frostbite Score was used to quantify frostbite injury and salvage. This score provides a single value to assess each individual patient's salvage rate...
January 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567997/percutaneous-ct-guided-cryoablation-of-the-salivary-glands-in-a-porcine-model
#17
Ji Y Buethe, Salim Abboud, Kristie Brock, Greg Nizialek, Rod Rezaee, Jay Wasman, Jonathan Frankel, Dean A Nakamoto
PURPOSE: To evaluate the imaging, histologic changes and safety of computed tomography (CT)-guided cryoablation of the parotid glands in a porcine model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Unilateral CT-guided parotid gland cryoablation was performed in 5 juvenile miniature pigs. The ablated parotid glands underwent 2 cycles of 10-minute freeze and 5-minute thaw using three 17-g cryoprobes. The animals were monitored daily for complications including pain, frostbite, infection, and sialocele or fistula formation...
December 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514559/-early-reduction-of-frostbite-for-depth-of-management-of-occupational-acute-finger
#18
H Tang, Y Shi, N Z Qu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494386/frostbite-spectrum-of-imaging-findings-and-guidelines-for-management
#19
John D Millet, Richard K J Brown, Benjamin Levi, Casey T Kraft, Jon A Jacobson, Milton D Gross, Ka Kit Wong
Frostbite is a localized cold thermal injury that results from tissue freezing. Frostbite injuries can have a substantial effect on long-term limb function and mobility if not promptly evaluated and treated. Imaging plays a critical role in initial evaluation of frostbite injuries and in monitoring response to treatment. A multimodality approach involving radiography, digital subtraction angiography (DSA), and/or multiphase bone scintigraphy with hybrid single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT) is often necessary for optimal guidance of frostbite care...
November 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413384/synergistic-effect-of-ferulic-acid-and-z-ligustilide-major-components-of-a-sinensis-on-regulating-cold-sensing-protein-trpm8-and-tpra1-in-vitro
#20
Yuwei Pan, Guoping Zhao, Zejian Cai, Fengguo Chen, Dandan Xu, Si Huang, Hai Lan, Yi Tong
Angelica sinensis has been used to attenuate cold-induced cutaneous vasospasm syndrome, such as Raynaud's disease and frostbite, in China for many years. Ferulic acid (PubChem CID: 445858) and Z-ligustilide (PubChem CID: 529865), two major components extracted from Angelica sinensis, had been reported to inhibit vasoconstriction induced by vasoconstrictors. In this study, the pharmacological interaction in regulating cold-induced vascular smooth muscle cell contraction via cold-sensing protein TRPM8 and TRPA1 was analyzed between ferulic acid and Z-ligustilide...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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