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Food allergy to corn

Muhammad Inam, Rubaba Hamid Shafique, Nabila Roohi, Muhammad Irfan, Shahid Abbas, Muhammad Ismail
In this study, we estimated the prevalence of food allergy in the adult allergic patients of Rawalpindi and Islamabad , Pakistan, based on self-report, skin prick test (SPT) and oral food challenge test (OFC). SPT was used for the estimation of sensitization to wheat, egg, milk, beef, chicken, mutton, fish, corn, lentils, rice, soya, peanut and banana. Among 689 patients, 39.19 % showed sensitivity to one or more foods, where, sensitization to wheat (156; 22.6 %) was highest, followed by egg (148; 21.48 %) and milk (138; 20...
2016: SpringerPlus
Petra Bizikova, Thierry Olivry
BACKGROUND: Hydrolysed protein diets are used to diagnose and treat dogs with cutaneous adverse food reactions (CAFR). Little is known about what proportion of dogs hypersensitive to the native protein would react to its hydrolysed form. OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical allergenicity of hydrolysed poultry feather (RCU) and chicken liver diets (HZD) in dogs with chicken induced CAFR. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blinded, crossover trial, ten dogs with chicken induced CAFR were selected after a positive oral challenge to chicken meat and a negative one to corn...
August 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
Autusa Pahlavan, Girdhari M Sharma, Marion Pereira, Kristina M Williams
Gluten from wheat, rye, and barley can trigger IgE-mediated allergy or Celiac disease in sensitive individuals. Gluten-free labeled foods are available as a safe alternative. Immunoassays such as the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) are commonly used to quantify gluten in foods. However, various non-assay related factors can affect gluten quantitation. The effect of gluten-containing grain cultivars, thermal processing, and enzymatic hydrolysis on gluten quantitation by various ELISA kits was evaluated...
October 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
Michelle L Colgrave, Keren Byrne, Malcolm Blundell, Crispin A Howitt
UNLABELLED: Consumers, especially those with allergies and/or intolerances, should have confidence in two critical areas of food safety: foods should be correctly labelled and free from contamination. To this end, global proteomic analysis employing LC-MS/MS of gluten-enriched extracts derived from 12 barley cultivars was undertaken, providing a foundation for the development of MS-based quantitative methodologies that would enable the detection of barley contamination in foods. Subsequently, a number of candidate barley-specific peptide markers were evaluated by multiple-reaction monitoring MS...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Proteomics
Pipop Jirapinyo, Narumon Densupsoontorn, Channagan Kangwanpornsiri, Renu Wongarn, Hathaichanok Tirapongporn, Kwanjai Chotipanang, Phakkanan Phuangphan
BACKGROUND: Prevalence and severity of cow's milk protein allergy (CMA) in infants are increasing. A proportion of infants with CMA still elicit signs and symptoms of CMA while ingesting commercial amino acid-based formulas (AAFs). We propose that protein in glucose polymers (GPs) derived from corn starch in the AAFs might be the cause of intolerance to AAF in some infants. We thus have produced small molecules of GPs from rice starch, eliminating the protein fraction from them, and subsequently used them as the sole source of carbohydrate in a new amino acid-based formula (NAAF)...
April 11, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
M Kamalakannan, L M Chang, G Grishina, H A Sampson, M Masilamani
BACKGROUND: DC-SIGN (dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing nonintegrin) is a C-type lectin receptor expressed on macrophages and dendritic cells. DC-SIGN has high affinity for fucosylated glycans in several plant glycoproteins and pathogens. DC-SIGN is thought to be crucial for the development of allergic sensitization. However, the precise role of DC-SIGN in food allergy pathogenesis is not yet understood. OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize DC-SIGN-binding glycoproteins in a panel of allergenic and non-allergenic foods...
August 2016: Allergy
P Gizem Gezer, G Logan Liu, Jozef L Kokini
Peanuts are among the most common food allergies, which may result in life-threatening reactions in certain people. For this reason, it is very important to monitor the presence of peanuts in the food system. Biosensors are an emerging way of detecting allergen proteins. In this research, we present a surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) technique to detect the main allergen protein, Ara h1. The sensors were biodegradable and made out of a corn protein, zein. Nanophotonic structures on zein films consisted of gold coated pyramid structures...
April 1, 2016: Talanta
Ali Arabkhazaeli, Susanne J H Vijverberg, Francine C van Erp, Jan A M Raaijmakers, Cornelis K van der Ent, Anke H Maitland van der Zee
BACKGROUND: Childhood allergic diseases have a major impact on a child's quality of life, as well as that of their parents. We studied the coexistence of reported allergies in children who use asthma medication. Additionally, we tested the hypothesis that asthma severity is greater among children with certain combinations of co-morbid allergic conditions. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, 703 children (ages 4 to 12 years) from the PACMAN cohort study were selected...
2015: BMC Pediatrics
Francesco Di Girolamo, Andrea Masotti, Isabella Lante, Margherita Scapaticci, Cosima Damiana Calvano, Carlo Zambonin, Maurizio Muraca, Lorenza Putignani
Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) with its nutraceutical characteristics substantially contributes as a major nutrient to the health benefit of the Mediterranean diet. Unfortunately, the adulteration of EVOO with less expensive oils (e.g., peanut and corn oils), has become one of the biggest source of agricultural fraud in the European Union, with important health implications for consumers, mainly due to the introduction of seed oil-derived allergens causing, especially in children, severe food allergy phenomena...
2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Francine C Van Erp, André C Knulst, Irene L Kok, Maartje F van Velzen, Cornelis K van der Ent, Yolanda Meijer
BACKGROUND: To minimize the risk of accidental reactions, atopic children with multiple sensitizations to tree nuts are advised to avoid all nuts. Multiple food challenges would be needed to confirm the clinical relevance, but are too burdensome to be practical. The usefulness of open mixed nut challenges in terms of safety, reactions during challenge, tolerance of the challenge material, effect on the elimination diet and satisfaction of the parents was evaluated. FINDINGS: Open mixed nut challenges were performed in 19 children with a previous negative hazelnut challenge and long term elimination diet for tree nuts...
2015: Clinical and Translational Allergy
Francine C van Erp, André C Knulst, Yolanda Meijer, Carmelo Gabriele, Cornelis K van der Ent
BACKGROUND: Food challenge tests are the gold standard in diagnosing food allergy. Guidelines provide scoring systems to classify symptoms during challenge and typically recommend that challenges are considered positive when objective symptoms occur. However, currently no standard criteria for the definition of a positive challenge outcome exists and interpretation of food challenges mainly depends on clinical judgment. This study aims to assess inter- and intra-observer variability in outcomes of routinely performed peanut challenges in children...
2014: Clinical and Translational Allergy
Sheng-Jie Yu, En-Chih Liao, Jaw-Ji Tsai
There are two groups of dust mites, house dust mites (HDMs) and storage mites (SMs), that have been identified in the household environment. Both could induce airway inflammation through activation of innate and adaptive immunity and lead to asthma. In order to monitor environmental dust mite infestation, different methods can be used to detect their presence, such as the use of floating methods, monoclonal antibodies, and nanostructured biosensor. SM could be identified in the storage room, mainly in contaminated food such as mushrooms and corn starch...
October 2014: Asia Pacific Allergy
Kim Zomer-Kooijker, Cuno S P M Uiterwaal, Kim J C Verschueren, Anke-Hilse Maitland-vd Zee, Walter A F Balemans, Bart E van Ewijk, Maartje F van Velzen, Cornelis K van der Ent
INTRODUCTION: Asthma control is considered the major goal of asthma management, while many determinants of control are difficult to modify. We studied the association between respiratory infection episodes (RTIs) of various types and asthma control. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were used from children aged 4-18 years with physician-diagnosed asthma who participated in a web-based electronic portal for children with asthma, allergies or infections. Asthma control was measured using the Childhood Asthma Control Test (C-ACT) or the Asthma Control Test (ACT)...
October 2014: Respiratory Medicine
Susana R M Passeti, Fernando L A Fonseca, Neusa F Wandalsen
Food allergy is a common condition that plays an important role in the pathogenicity and maintenance of atopic dermatitis (AD), however, must be carefully investigated before imposing a restrictive diet. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity to foods in patients with AD, correlating it with the severity of the disease and other possible associated factors. One hundred and eleven children (6-180 months of age) with AD were evaluated and later followed up at the Allergy and Clinical Immunology Division, Department of Pediatrics at FMABC...
October 2014: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
Karen M Nagel-Edwards, James Y Ko
Patients with allergies or intolerances and those requiring special diets are among the groups that require formulations with special excipients. When compounding preparations for this population, the suitability of dyes, flavorings, sweeteners, preservatives, gelatins, milk products, gluten, corn, soy, nuts, alcohol, chocolate, and other animal-derived ingredients must be considered. Unlike manufacturers of foods and nutritional supplements, pharmaceutical companies are not required to list certain ingredients of manufactured drugs, such as wheat...
September 2008: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
Francine C van Erp, André C Knulst, Petra A Kentie, Suzanne G M Pasmans, Cornelis K van der Ent, Yolanda Meijer
BACKGROUND: Limited and contrasting data are available about risk factors for severe reactions during double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC). Knowing these risk factors would help to improve safety precautions and choosing the best setting for challenge. We assessed whether we could determine predictors for positive and severe food challenge outcome (FCO) with regular available patient data in children suspected for peanut allergy. METHODS: A retrospective study in children referred for DBPCFC with peanut was performed during a 3-year period...
September 2013: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
D A Moneret-Vautrin, G Peltre, J Gayraud, M Morisset, J M Renaudin, A Martin
BACKGROUND: Oilseed rape and maize crops represent a large part of agriculture fields in European countries. OBJECTIVE: To establish the actual prevalence of sensitization to oilseed rape and maize pollen, and to determine if this is correlated to the amount of exposure as well as to the patient's history of atopy or asymptomatic atopy. METHODS: The study was conducted by 69 allergists belonging to the Allergo-Vigilance Network, in collaboration with the French Agency for Safety of food, and compiles the results of skin prick-tests using oilseed rape and maize pollens and seeds, as well as common aeroallergens...
December 2012: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
O Quercia, G Zoccatelli, G F Stefanini, G Mistrello, S Amato, M Bolla, F Emiliani, R Asero
BACKGROUND: Most cases of beer allergy reported so far have been associated with hypersensitivity to the non-specific lipid transfer protein (LTP). In view of the marked differences in brewing processes we assessed IgE reactivity as well as tolerance to many different beers in an allergic patient. METHODS: A 45 year-old man hypersensitive to grass pollen, cat dander and Alternaria tenuis with a history of urticaria and dyspnoea after drinking beer and a weak skin reactivity to commercial corn extract was studied...
September 2012: Allergy
Elisabeth Hoflehner, Marina Binder, Wolfgang Hemmer, Vera Mahler, Raphael C Panzani, Reinhart Jarisch, Ursula Wiedermann, Michael Duchêne
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The Indianmeal moth Plodia interpunctella is a highly prevalent food pest in human dwellings, and has been shown to contain a number of allergens. So far, only one of these, the arginine kinase (Plo i 1) has been identified. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify further allergens and characterise these in comparison to Plo i 1. METHOD: A cDNA library from whole adult P. interpunctella was screened with the serum of a patient with indoor allergy and IgE to moths, and thioredoxin was identified as an IgE-binding protein...
2012: PloS One
Kim Zomer-Kooijker, Martijn G Slieker, Petra A Kentie, Cornelis K van der Ent, Yolanda Meijer
BACKGROUND: In children with food-related symptoms, a food challenge is considered as the gold standard to diagnose allergy. If food allergy could be predicted by patient history and/or diagnostic tests, the number of time-consuming and sometimes risky food challenges could be decreased. We aimed to determine questionnaire and test-based characteristics, to predict the food challenge outcome (FCO) in children referred to a tertiary centre for the evaluation of food-related symptoms. METHODS: Pre-challenge standardized questionnaires, skin prick tests (SPT), and specific IgE levels (sIgE) were obtained in patients that underwent a food challenge in our hospital in 2009...
June 2012: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
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