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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128664/intravenous-anti-mrsa-phosphatiosomes-mediate-enhanced-affinity-to-pulmonary-surfactants-for-effective-treatment-of-infectious-pneumonia
#1
Ching-Yun Hsu, Calvin T Sung, Ibrahim A Aljuffali, Chun-Han Chen, Kai-Yin Hu, Jia-You Fang
The aim of this study was to develop PEGylated phosphatidylcholine (PC)-rich nanovesicles (phosphatiosomes) carrying ciprofloxacin (CIPX) for lung targeting to eradicate extracellular and intracellular methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Soyaethyl morphonium ethosulfate (SME) was intercalated in the nanovesicle surface with the dual goals of achieving strengthened bactericidal activity of CIPX-loaded phosphatiosomes and delivery to the lungs. The isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) results proved the strong association of SME phosphatiosomes with pulmonary surfactant...
November 8, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984451/membrane-active-hydantoin-derivatives-as-antibiotic-agents
#2
Ma Su, Donglin Xia, Peng Teng, Alekhya Nimmagadda, Chao Zhang, Timothy Odom, Annie Cao, Yong Hu, Jianfeng Cai
Hydantoin (imidazolidinedione) derivatives such as nitrofurantoin are small molecules that have aroused considerable interest recently due to their low rate of bacterial resistance. However, their moderate antimicrobial activity may hamper their application combating antibiotic resistance in the long run. Herein, we report the design of bacterial membrane-active hydantoin derivatives, from which we identified compounds that show much more potent antimicrobial activity than nitrofurantoin against a panel of clinically relevant Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965136/the-efficacy-of-platelet-rich-plasma-gel-in-mrsa-related-surgical-wound-infection-treatment-an-experimental-study-in-an-animal-model
#3
R A Cetinkaya, S Yilmaz, A Ünlü, P Petrone, C Marini, E Karabulut, M Urkan, E Kaya, K Karabacak, M Uyanik, I Eker, A Kilic, A Gunal
INTRODUCTION: The wound healing properties of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) gel have been documented in many studies. PRP gel has also become a promising agent for treating surgical site infections. In this study, we investigated the antibacterial activity and wound healing effectiveness of PRP in an animal model of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus (MRSA N315)-contaminated superficial soft tissue wounds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subcutaneous wounds in Wistar Albino male rats were created by making two cm midline incisions followed by inoculation of microorganisms...
September 30, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884090/combination-of-erythromycin-and-curcumin-alleviates-staphylococcus-aureus-induced-osteomyelitis-in-rats
#4
Zubin Zhou, Chenhao Pan, Ye Lu, Youshui Gao, Wei Liu, Peipei Yin, Xiaowei Yu
Osteomyelitis is commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Both erythromycin and curcumin can suppress S. aureus growth, but their roles in osteomyelitis are barely studied. We aim to explore the activities of erythromycin and curcumin against chronical osteomyelitis induced by methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Chronicle implant-induced osteomyelitis was established by MRSA infection in male Wistar rats. Four weeks after bacterial inoculation, rats received no treatment, erythromycin monotherapy, curcumin monotherapy, or erythromycin plus curcumin twice daily for 2 weeks...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815398/characterization-of-host-response-resorption-and-strength-properties-and-performance-in-the-presence-of-bacteria-for-fully-absorbable-biomaterials-for-soft-tissue-repair
#5
N F N Stoikes, J R Scott, A Badhwar, C R Deeken, G R Voeller
PURPOSE: The objective was to evaluate the host response, resorption, and strength properties, and to assess the performance in the presence of bacteria for Phasix™ Mesh (Phasix™) and Gore(®) Bio-A(®) Tissue Reinforcement (Bio-A(®)) in preclinical models. METHODS: In a rat model, one mesh (2 × 2 cm) was implanted subcutaneously in n = 60 rats. Animals were euthanized after 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, or 24 weeks (n = 5/mesh/time point), and implant sites were assessed for host inflammatory response and overall fibrotic repair thickness...
October 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739792/transfersomal-phage-cocktail-is-an-effective-treatment-against-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mediated-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections
#6
Sanjay Chhibber, Ashu Shukla, Sandeep Kaur
The emergence of drug resistance has rekindled interest in phage therapy as an alternative treatment option; its potency, safety, and proven efficacy are worth noting. However, phage therapy still suffers from issues of poor stability, narrow spectra, and poor pharmacokinetic profiles. Therefore, it is essential to look into the use of drug delivery systems for efficient delivery of lytic phages in vivo The present study evaluated the use of nanostructured lipid-based carriers, i.e., transfersomes, as transdermal delivery systems for encapsulating a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) phage cocktail...
October 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717038/a-human-biofilm-disrupting-monoclonal-antibody-potentiates-antibiotic-efficacy-in-rodent-models-of-both-staphylococcus-aureus-and-acinetobacter-baumannii-infections
#7
Yan Q Xiong, Angeles Estellés, L Li, W Abdelhady, R Gonzales, Arnold S Bayer, Edgar Tenorio, Anton Leighton, Stefan Ryser, Lawrence M Kauvar
Many serious bacterial infections are antibiotic refractory due to biofilm formation. A key structural component of biofilm is extracellular DNA, which is stabilized by bacterial proteins, including those from the DNABII family. TRL1068 is a high-affinity human monoclonal antibody against a DNABII epitope conserved across both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial species. In the present study, the efficacy of TRL1068 for the disruption of biofilm was demonstrated in vitro in the absence of antibiotics by scanning electron microscopy...
October 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704172/hydroconductive-and-silver-impregnated-foam-dressings-a-comparison
#8
A Alkhalil, A Day, K W Monger, J Zhang, B C Carney, H N Hoffman, L T Moffatt, J W Shupp
OBJECTIVE: As the number of commercially available wound dressings is increasing rapidly, it is important for clinicians to understand the strengths and limitations of each and to recognise relationships between wound type and dressing properties to obtain optimal healing results. Our aim is to test the antimicrobial activity of two dressings. METHOD: A hydroconductive (HC) dressing and a silver-impregnated foam (SIF) dressing were compared for their potential to reduce the levels meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696234/role-of-daptomycin-on-burn-wound-healing-in-an-animal-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-infection-model
#9
Oriana Simonetti, Guendalina Lucarini, Fiorenza Orlando, Elisa Pierpaoli, Roberto Ghiselli, Mauro Provinciali, Pamela Castelli, Mario Guerrieri, Roberto Di Primio, Annamaria Offidani, Andrea Giacometti, Oscar Cirioni
Prolonged hospitalization and antibiotic therapy are risk factors for the development of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections in thermal burn patients. We used a rat model to study the in vivo efficacy of daptomycin in the treatment of burn wound infections by S. aureus, and we evaluated the wound healing process through morphological and immunohistochemical analysis. A copper bar heated in boiling water was applied on a paraspinal site of each rat, resulting in two full-thickness burns...
September 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507945/antimicrobial-activity-of-two-garlic-species-allium-sativum-and-a-tuberosum-against-staphylococci-infection-in-vivo-study-in-rats
#10
Paulo César Venâncio, Sidney Raimundo Figueroba, Bruno Dias Nani, Luiz Eduardo Nunes Ferreira, Bruno Vilela Muniz, Fernando de Sá Del Fiol, Adilson Sartoratto, Edvaldo Antonio Ribeiro Rosa, Francisco Carlos Groppo
Purpose: This study observed the effect of garlic extracts and amoxicillin against an induced staphylococcal infection model. MIC and MBC were also obtained for aqueous extracts of Allium sativum (Asa) and Allium tuberosum (Atu) against Staphylococcus aureus penicillin-sensitive (PSSA - ATCC 25923) and MRSA (ATCC 33592). Methods: Granulation tissues were induced in the back of 205 rats. After 14 days, 0.5 mL of 10(8) CFU/mL of PSSA or MRSA were injected inside tissues. After 24h, animals were divided: G1 (Control) - 0...
April 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459043/in-vitro-multi-species-biofilms-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-and-their-host-interaction-during-in-vivo-colonization-of-an-otitis-media-rat-model
#11
Mukesh K Yadav, Sung-Won Chae, Yoon Young Go, Gi Jung Im, Jae-Jun Song
Staphylococcus aureus (SA) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) are known to cause biofilm-related infections. MRSA and PA have been frequently isolated from chronically infected wounds, cystic fibrosis, chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM), and from indwelling medical devices, and these bacteria co-exist; however, their interaction with each-other or with the host is not well known. In this study, we investigated MRSA and PA multi-species biofilm communities in vitro and their interaction with the host during in vivo colonization using an OM rat-model...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422484/direct-synthesis-of-dextran-based-antibacterial-hydrogels-for-extended-release-of-biocides-and-eradication-of-topical-biofilms
#12
Jiaul Hoque, Jayanta Haldar
Cationic small molecular biocides have been developed as promising antibiofilm agents because of their tunability in chemical structures and their ability to disrupt established biofilms. However, the impact of biocides in antibiofilm treatment is largely limited due to the lack of an effective delivery system that can ensure sustained release of biocides at the target site. Herein we report a biocide-encapsulated antibacterial and antibiofilm hydrogel that acts as an efficient delivery vehicle for the biocide and eradicates matured bacterial biofilm...
May 2, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413476/the-mechanism-of-human-%C3%AE-defensin-3-in-mrsa-induced-infection-of-implant-drug-resistant-bacteria-biofilm-in-the-mouse-tibial-bone-marrow
#13
Chen Zhu, Ni-Rong Bao, Shuo Chen, Jian-Ning Zhao
The mechanism of human β-defensin 3 (HBD-3) in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA-induced infection of implant drug-resistant bacteria biofilm in the mouse tibial bone marrow was studied. Healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats with average weight of 230 g were selected to construct the infection model of MRSA-induced implant drug-resistant bacteria biofilm in the mouse left tibial bone marrow. The drugs were intraperitoneally injected after 24 h medullary cavity infection, and the experimental groups included the model group, HBD-3 group, and vancomycin group (20 rats in each group)...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403346/the-effects-of-ozone-on-bacterial-growth-and-thiol-disulphide-homeostasis-in-vascular-graft-infection-caused-by-mrsa-in-rats
#14
Barcin Ozturk, Tunay Kurtoglu, Selim Durmaz, Leyla Didem Kozaci, Filiz Abacigil, Bulent Ertugrul, Ozcan Erel
Purpose: To investigate the microbiological, inflammatory and oxidant effects of adjuvant ozone administration in experimental rat vascular graft infection model which has not been previously investigated. Methods: Forty adult Wistar rats were divided into Sham, Control, Vancomycin, Ozone, Vancomycin+Ozone groups. Grafts were inoculated with Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strain and implanted subcutaneously. Rats were treated intraperitoneally with ozone and /or intramuscularly with vancomycin for 10 days...
March 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389766/carcinogenic-activities-and-sperm-abnormalities-of-methicillin-resistance-staphylococcus-aureus-and-inhibition-of-their-virulence-potentials-by-ayamycin
#15
Mervat Morsy Abbas Ahmed El-Gendy, Khaled G Abdel-Wahhab, Fathia A Mannaa, Ayman A Farghaly, Ahmed M A El-Bondkly
This investigation aimed to study the in vivo harmful effects of the subcutaneous injection of different methicillin resistance Staphylococcus aureus extracts (MRSA2, MRSA4, MRSA10, MRSA69, MRSA70, MRSA76, and MRSA78). Such strains represented the highest minimum inhibition concentration toward methicillin with various multidrug-resistant patterns. The obtained results revealed that rats injected with the MRSA4 extract died immediately after the last dose indicating the high cytotoxicity of MRSA4 strain (100% mortality)...
April 7, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321991/atomic-layer-deposition-of-a-silver-nanolayer-on-advanced-titanium-orthopedic-implants-inhibits-bacterial-colonization-and-supports-vascularized-de-novo-bone-ingrowth
#16
Aine Devlin-Mullin, Naomi M Todd, Zahra Golrokhi, Hua Geng, Moritz A Konerding, Nigel G Ternan, John A Hunt, Richard J Potter, Chris Sutcliffe, Eric Jones, Peter D Lee, Christopher A Mitchell
Joint replacement surgery is associated with significant morbidity and mortality following infection with either methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) or Staphylococcus epidermidis. These organisms have strong biofilm-forming capability in deep wounds and on prosthetic surfaces, with 10(3) -10(4) microbes resulting in clinically significant infections. To inhibit biofilm formation, we developed 3D titanium structures using selective laser melting and then coated them with a silver nanolayer using atomic layer deposition...
June 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225917/oxacillin-magnetically-targeted-for-the-treatment-of-methicillin-resistant-s-aureus-infection-in-rats
#17
Juliana Fernandes de Carvalho, Ítalo Medeiros de Azevedo, Keyla Borges Ferreira Rocha, Aldo Cunha Medeiros, Artur da Silva Carriço
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of oxacillin bonded to magnetic nanoparticles in local infection model in rat. Methods: Twelve Wistar rats weighing 290±18g were randomly divided into four groups (n=6, each) and all rats had a magnet ring sutured on their right thighs. In the biodistribution group rats 0.1mL of 99mTc-magnetite (0.66 MBq) was injected i.v and after 30 minutes, biodistribution of 99mTc-magnetite was evaluated in right and left thighs. The other groups were inoculated with MRSA in each thigh muscles...
January 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207269/biocompatible-injectable-hydrogel-with-potent-wound-healing-and-antibacterial-properties
#18
Jiaul Hoque, Relekar G Prakash, Krishnamoorthy Paramanandham, Bibek R Shome, Jayanta Haldar
Two component injectable hydrogels that cross-link in situ have been used as noninvasive wound-filling devices, i.e., sealants. These materials carry a variety of functions at the wound sites, such as sealing leaks, ceasing unwanted bleeding, binding tissues together, and assisting in wound healing processes. However, commonly used sealants typically lack antibacterial properties. Since bacterial infection at the wound site is very common, bioadhesive materials with intrinsic antibacterial properties are urgently required...
April 3, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184157/silver-loaded-nanotubular-structures-enhanced-bactericidal-efficiency-of-antibiotics-with-synergistic-effect-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#19
Na Xu, Hao Cheng, Jiangwen Xu, Feng Li, Biao Gao, Zi Li, Chenghao Gao, Kaifu Huo, Jijiang Fu, Wei Xiong
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria have become a major issue due to the long-term use and abuse of antibiotics in treatments in clinics. The combination therapy of antibiotics and silver (Ag) nanoparticles is an effective way of both enhancing the antibacterial effect and decreasing the usage of antibiotics. Although the method has been proved to be effective in vitro, no in vivo tests have been carried out at present. Herein, we described a combination therapy of local delivery of Ag and systemic antibiotics treatment in vitro in an infection model of rat...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163229/photosensitizer-eluting-nanofibers-for-enhanced-photodynamic-therapy-of-wounds-a-preclinical-study-in-immunocompromized-rats
#20
Labiba El-Khordagui, Nesma El-Sayed, Sally Galal, Hanan El-Gowelli, Hoda Omar, Moustafa Mohamed
Electrospun nanofibers (NFs) as drug delivery/tissue regeneration template and antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (APDT) have been widely investigated as two different approaches to enhance wound healing. In the present study, the two approaches were combined in a single platform for greater healing enhancement potentials. Composite photosensitizer-eluting NFs were developed using a polyhydrohybutyrate/polyethylene glycol (60:40 PHB/PEG) polymer blend and methylene blue (MB) as antimicrobial photosensitizer (PS)...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
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