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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213539/critical-concentration-of-lecithin-enhances-the-antimicrobial-activity-of-eugenol-against-escherichia-coli
#1
Haoshu Zhang, Edward G Dudley, P Michael Davidson, Federico Harte
Lecithin is a natural emulsifier used in a wide range of food and non-food applications to improve physical stability with no known bioactive effects. In this study, the effect of lecithin on the antimicrobial performance of a constant eugenol concentration was tested against three Escherichia coli strains (C600, 0.1229, and O157:H7 strain ATCC 700728). This was the first study focusing on lecithin at concentrations below those commonly used in foods to improve the stability of oil in water emulsions (≤ 10mg/100ml)...
February 17, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213163/active-compound-diffusivity-of-particle-size-reduced-s-aromaticum-and-c-cassia-fused-starch-edible-films-and-the-shelf-life-of-mutton-capra-aegagrus-hircus-meat
#2
C Chandra Mohan, K Radha Krishnan, S Babuskin, K Sudharsan, Vajiha Aafrin, U Lalitha Priya, P Mariyajenita, K Harini, D Madhushalini, M Sukumar
In the present study, mathematical models were used to examine the effect of active compound diffusion from edible film (supplemented with S. aromaticum and C. cassia) on the microbial, physical and chemical quality of mutton stored at 4 and 10°C. Cinnamaldehyde and eugenol release from edible film into liquid was found to be 80% and 75% of the equilibrium concentration. Active compound release into meat was 42-51% for cinnamaldehyde and 38-48% for eugenol, in storage temperatures of 4-15°C. Developed mathematical models showed the diffusivity of cinnamaldehyde (0...
February 5, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213028/influence-of-application-sequence-and-timing-of-eugenol-and-lauric-arginate-lae-on-survival-of-spoilage-organisms
#3
Yudith Manrique, Monika Gibis, Herbert Schmidt, Jochen Weiss
The effectiveness of sequential applications of the antimicrobials eugenol and lauric arginate (LAE) was investigated against Staphylococcus carnosus, Listeria innocua, Escherichia coli K12, and Pseudomonas fluorescens. The antimicrobials were applied simultaneously at half of their minimum lethal concentrations (MLC) or sequentially at t = 0 h and t = 3, 4, 6 or 8 h. Bacterial survival was determined by direct plate counts. Survivals kinetic were fitted to a growth and mortality model to obtain characteristic parameters that described time-dependent changes from growth to mortality or vice versa...
June 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179929/tooth-discoloration-resulting-from-a-nano-zinc-oxide-eugenol-sealer
#4
Mina Zarei, Maryam Javidi, Marzieh Jafari, Maryam Gharechahi, Pedram Javidi, Maryam Shayani Rad
INTRODUCTION: A desirable quality of any endodontic sealer is its ability to be tooth color friendly. Therefore the aim of the present study was to evaluate the tooth discoloration potential of a nano zinc oxide-eugenol (NZOE) sealer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In order to evaluate tooth discoloration, the pulp chamber of 60 human maxillary central and lateral incisors were filled with one of the sealers, naming AH-26 (resin-based sealer), Pulpdent sealer (ZOE-based) and a NZOE experimental sealer...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179927/subcutaneous-connective-tissue-reaction-to-a-new-nano-zinc-oxide-eugenol-sealer-in-rat-model
#5
Salma Omidi, Maryam Javidi, Mina Zarei, Siavash Mushakhian, Amirhossein Jafarian
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this animal study was to evaluate the histological response of the new nano zinc-oxide eugenol (NZOE) sealer in comparison with Pulp Canal Sealer (ZOE based) and AH-26 (epoxy resin sealer). METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 27 Wistar rats were used. Four polyethylene tubes were implanted in the back of each rat (three tubes containing the test materials and an empty tube as a control). Then, 9 animals were sacrificed at each interval of 15, 30 and 60 days, and the implants were removed with the surrounding tissues...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179919/the-efficacy-of-passive-ultrasonic-activation-of-organic-solvents-on-dissolving-two-root-canal-sealers
#6
Letícia Trevisan, Isadora Razzera Huerta, Carina Michelon, Mariana De Carlo Bello, Rafael Pillar, Carlos Alexandre Souza Bier
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the dissolving efficacy of eucalyptol and orange oil solvents associated with passive ultrasonic activation (PUA) in zinc oxide-eugenol (ZOE) based and epoxy resin-based root canal sealers. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Seventy samples of each sealer were prepared and then randomized according to the solvent and the time of the ultrasonic activation (n=5). The mean amount of weight loss of sealers was calculated in percentages and was analyzed by using the Kruskal-Wallis and Bonferroni post-hoc tests...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164397/four-main-active-ingredients-derived-from-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-guanxin-shutong-capsule-cause-cardioprotection-during-myocardial-ischemia-injury-calcium-overload-suppression
#7
Feng Liu, Zhuang-Zhuang Huang, Yu-Hong Sun, Ting Li, Dong-Hua Yang, Gang Xu, Ying-Ying Su, Tao Zhang
Guanxin Shutong capsule is a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of myocardial ischemia (MI). Previous studies have shown that the formula has four main active ingredients (FMAI), protocatechuic acid, cryptotanshinone, borneol, and eugenol. However, the mechanisms of action of these FMAI against MI injury are still not well known. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective effects of the FMAI on MI in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, rat neonatal cardiomyocytes were isolated, the cell viability and apoptosis rate were, respectively, measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) method and fluorescence activating cell sorter, and the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+) ]i ) and CaM and CaMKII δ mRNA as well as protein levels were determined...
February 6, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161182/differential-effects-of-monensin-and-a-blend-of-essential-oils-on-rumen-microbiota-composition-of-transition-dairy-cows
#8
M Schären, C Drong, K Kiri, S Riede, M Gardener, U Meyer, J Hummel, T Urich, G Breves, S Dänicke
In response to oral application, monensin alters the rumen microbiota, increasing ruminal propionate production and energy availability in the animal. Data from different studies indicate that the susceptibility of rumen bacteria to monensin is mainly cell-wall dependent but tracing its activity to specific microbial groups has been challenging. Several studies have shown a similar effect for essential oils but results are inconsistent. To investigate the influence of monensin and a blend of essential oils (BEO, containing thymol, guaiacol, eugenol, vanillin, salicylaldehyde, and limonene) on the rumen microbiome, rumen liquid samples were collected orally on d 56 postpartum from cows that had either received a monensin controlled-release capsule 3 wk antepartum, a diet containing a BEO from 3 wk antepartum onward, or a control diet (n = 12)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145454/eugenol-prevents-amyloid-formation-of-proteins-and-inhibits-amyloid-induced-hemolysis
#9
Kriti Dubey, Bibin G Anand, Dolat Singh Shekhawat, Karunakar Kar
Eugenol has attracted considerable attention because of its potential for many pharmaceutical applications including anti-inflammatory, anti-tumorigenic and anti-oxidant properties. Here, we have investigated the effect of eugenol on amyloid formation of selected globular proteins. We find that both spontaneous and seed-induced aggregation processes of insulin and serum albumin (BSA) are significantly suppressed in the presence of eugenol. Isothermal titration calorimetric data predict a single binding site for eugenol-insulin complex confirming the affinity of eugenol for native soluble insulin species...
February 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126407/effects-by-inhalation-of-abundant-fragrances-in-indoor-air-an-overview
#10
REVIEW
Peder Wolkoff, Gunnar D Nielsen
Odorous compounds (odors) like fragrances may cause adverse health effects. To assess their importance by inhalation, we have reviewed how the four major abundant and common airborne fragrances (α-pinene (APN), limonene (LIM), linalool (LIL), and eugenol (EUG)) impact the perceived indoor air quality as odor annoyance, sensory irritation and sensitization in the airways. Breathing and cardiovascular effects, and work performance, and the impact in the airways of ozone-initiated gas- and particle phase reactions products have also been assessed...
January 23, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117698/toxicity-of-plant-secondary-metabolites-modulating-detoxification-genes-expression-for-natural-red-palm-weevil-pesticide-development
#11
Ahmed Mohammed AlJabr, Abid Hussain, Muhammad Rizwan-Ul-Haq, Hassan Al-Ayedh
This study aimed to explore the larvicidal and growth-inhibiting activities, and underlying detoxification mechanism of red palm weevil against phenylpropanoids, an important class of plant secondary metabolites. Toxicity of α-asarone, eugenol, isoeugenol, methyl eugenol, methyl isoeugenol, coumarin, coumarin 6, coniferyl aldehyde, diniconazole, ethyl cinnamate, and rosmarinic acid was evaluated by incorporation into the artificial diet. All of the phenylpropanoids exhibited dose- and time-dependent insecticidal activity...
January 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106736/development-and-sequential-analysis-of-a-new-multi-agent-anti-acne-formulation-based-on-plant-derived-antimicrobial-and-anti-inflammatory-compounds
#12
Crina Saviuc, Bianca Ciubucă, Gabriela Dincă, Coralia Bleotu, Veronica Drumea, Mariana-Carmen Chifiriuc, Marcela Popa, Gratiela Gradisteanu Pircalabioru, Luminita Marutescu, Veronica Lazăr
The antibacterial and anti-inflammatory potential of natural, plant-derived compounds has been reported in many studies. Emerging evidence indicates that plant-derived essential oils and/or their major compounds may represent a plausible alternative treatment for acne, a prevalent skin disorder in both adolescent and adult populations. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop and subsequently analyze the antimicrobial activity of a new multi-agent, synergic formulation based on plant-derived antimicrobial compounds (i...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097914/nanostructured-lipid-carriers-nlc-for-the-delivery-of-natural-molecules-with-antimicrobial-activity-production-characterization-and-in-vitro-studies
#13
Rita Cortesi, Giuseppe Valacchi, Ximena M Muresan, Markus Drechsler, Catia Contado, Elisabetta Esposito, Alessandro Grandini, Alessandra Guerrini, Giuseppe Forlani, Gianni Sacchetti
This study describes the preparation, characterization and in vitro activity of nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) encapsulating natural molecules with antimicrobial activity, such as plumbagin, hydroquinon, eugenol, alpha-asarone and alpha-tocopherol. NLC were prepared by melt and ultrasonication method, characterized by Cryo-TEM for morphology and SdFFF for dimensional distribution and active encapsulation yields. In vitro tests were conducted on bacteria, fungi and human cell cultures. In vitro tests demonstrated that plumbagin is strongly toxic towards F...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090743/cement-associated-peri-implant-mucositis-a-1-year-follow-up-after-excess-cement-removal-on-the-peri-implant-tissue-of-dental-implants
#14
Michael Korsch, Winfried Walther, Andreas Bartols
BACKGROUND: Methacrylate-based cements seem to promote peri-implant tissue inflammation even in the absence of excess cement. PURPOSE: The present study deals with the question of whether the removal of methacrylate cement from the peri-implant sulcus will lead to peri-implant tissues free of inflammation on a 1-year follow-up basis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Implant supported suprastructures that had been in the mouth for at least 3.5 years either cemented with methacrylate (premier implant cement [PIC]) or zinc eugenol (temp bond [TB]) cement were compared...
January 15, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078415/gc-ms-method-validation-and-levels-of-methyl-eugenol-in-a-diverse-range-of-tea-tree-melaleuca-alternifolia-oils
#15
Carolyn A Raymond, Noel W Davies, Tony Larkman
Tea tree oil distilled from Melaleuca alternifolia has widespread use in the cosmetic industry as an antimicrobial as well as for other functions in topical products. Concerns were first raised by the European Commission's Scientific Committee on Consumer Products in 2004 about the level of the potentially carcinogenic phenylpropanoid compound methyl eugenol in tea tree oil. Limits on oil content in different types of cosmetic products were set based on a reported upper level of 0.9% methyl eugenol in the oil...
March 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078245/the-effects-of-cinnamaldehyde-and-eugenol-on-human-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-viability-growth-and-differentiation-a-cheminformatics-and-in-vitro-study
#16
Abdorrahim Absalan, Seyed Alireza Mesbah-Namin, Taki Tiraihi, Taher Taheri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the cheminformatics and qualitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) of cinnamaldehyde and eugenol. The effects of cinnamaldehyde and eugenol on the viability, doubling time and adipogenic or osteogenic differentiations of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hASCs) were also investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: QSAR and toxicity indices of cinnamaldehyde and eugenol were evaluated using cheminformatics tools including Toxtree and Toxicity Estimation Software Tool (T...
November 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064439/eugenol-specialty-chemical-production-in-transgenic-poplar-populus-tremula-%C3%A3-p-alba-field-trials
#17
Da Lu, Xianghe Yuan, Sung-Jin Kim, Joaquim V Marques, P Pawan Chakravarthy, Syed G A Moinuddin, Randi Luchterhand, Barri Herman, Laurence B Davin, Norman G Lewis
A foundational study assessed effects of biochemical pathway introduction into poplar to produce eugenol, chavicol, p-anol, isoeugenol, and their sequestered storage products, from potentially available substrates, coniferyl and p-coumaryl alcohols. At the onset, it was unknown whether significant carbon flux to monolignols vs other phenylpropanoid (acetate) pathway metabolites would be kinetically favored. Various transgenic poplar lines generated eugenol and chavicol glucosides in ca. 0.45% (~0.35 and ~0...
January 8, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062292/use-of-carvacrol-thymol-and-eugenol-for-biofilm-eradication-and-resistance-modifying-susceptibility-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhimurium-strains-to-nalidixic-acid
#18
Hanene Miladi, Tarek Zmantar, Bochra Kouidhi, Yassine Chaabouni, Kacem Mahdouani, Amina Bakhrouf, Kamel Chaieb
The Aims of the study was to evaluate the antibacterial susceptibility and the biofilm eradication of three natural compounds carvacrol (CAR), thymol (TH) and eugenol (EUG), alone or in combination with nalidixic acid (NA) against twelve Salmonella Typhimurium strains. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the minimum biofilm eradication concentration (BEC50) of the tested compounds (CAR, TH and EUG) and their combinations with NA were evaluated. In order to assess whether these bacteria had active efflux pumps, ethidium bromide (EtBr) accumulation assays was achieved using spectrophotometric accumulation assays...
January 3, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061030/regeneration-of-%C3%AE-carotene-from-radical-cation-by-eugenol-isoeugenol-and-clove-oil-in-the-marcus-theory-inverted-region-for-electron-transfer
#19
Hui-Ting Chang, Hong Cheng, Rui-Min Han, Peng Wang, Jian-Ping Zhang, Leif H Skibsted
The rate of regeneration of β-carotene by eugenol from the β-carotene radical cation, an initial bleaching product of β-carotene, was found by laser flash photolysis and transient absorption spectroscopy to be close to the diffusion limit in chloroform/methanol (9:1, v/v), with a second-order rate constant (k2) of 4.3 × 10(9) L mol(-1) s(-1) at 23 °C. Isoeugenol, more reducing with a standard reduction potential of 100 mV lower than eugenol, was slower, with k2 = 7.2 × 10(8) L mol(-1) s(-1). Regeneration of β-carotene following photobleaching was found 50% more efficient by eugenol, indicating that, for the more reducing isoeugenol, the driving force exceeds the reorganization energy for electron transfer significantly in the Marcus theory inverted region...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058842/identification-and-quantitation-of-potent-odorants-in-spearmint-oils
#20
Lauren E Kelley, Keith R Cadwallader
Potent odorants in Native spearmint, Scotch spearmint, and Macho mint oils were determined by the combined use of gas chromatography-olfactometry (GCO), gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA). Of the 85 odorants detected, (R)-(-)-carvone was the most potent odorant in all three spearmint oils. Additional predominant odorants in all spearmint oils included eugenol, ethyl (S)-(+)-2-methylbutanoate, (E)-β-damascenone, and (3E,5Z)-1,3,5-undecatriene. Forty-six compounds were quantitated using various methods, including 19 by gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (GC-FID), 20 by stable isotope dilution analysis (SIDA), and 14 by GCO dilution analysis...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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