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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442297/a-single-center-cost-analysis-of-treating-primary-and-metastatic-brain-cancers-with-either-brain-laser-interstitial-thermal-therapy-litt-or-craniotomy
#1
Eric C Leuthardt, Jeff Voigt, Albert H Kim, Pete Sylvester
BACKGROUND: Brain laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) under magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guidance has recently gained US clinical approval for the ablation of soft, neurological tissue. LITT is a minimally invasive alternative to craniotomy. OBJECTIVE: While safety and efficacy are the focus of most current LITT studies, it is unclear how acute care costs (inpatient care ± aftercare) of LITT compare to craniotomy in an academic medical center. Therefore, the purpose of this analysis is to examine these costs of using brain LITT under MRI guidance compared to craniotomy in complex anatomies...
March 2017: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441119/diagnosis-monitoring-and-prevention-of-exposure-related-non-communicable-diseases-in-the-living-and-working-environment-dimopex-project-is-designed-to-determine-the-impacts-of-environmental-exposure-on-human-health
#2
REVIEW
Lygia Therese Budnik, Balazs Adam, Maria Albin, Barbara Banelli, Xaver Baur, Fiorella Belpoggi, Claudia Bolognesi, Karin Broberg, Per Gustavsson, Thomas Göen, Axel Fischer, Dorota Jarosinska, Fabiana Manservisi, Richard O'Kennedy, Johan Øvrevik, Elizabet Paunovic, Beate Ritz, Paul T J Scheepers, Vivi Schlünssen, Heidi Schwarzenbach, Per E Schwarze, Orla Sheils, Torben Sigsgaard, Karel Van Damme, Ludwine Casteleyn
The WHO has ranked environmental hazardous exposures in the living and working environment among the top risk factors for chronic disease mortality. Worldwide, about 40 million people die each year from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) including cancer, diabetes, and chronic cardiovascular, neurological and lung diseases. The exposure to ambient pollution in the living and working environment is exacerbated by individual susceptibilities and lifestyle-driven factors to produce complex and complicated NCD etiologies...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441072/fatal-necrotizing-encephalopathy-after-treatment-with-nivolumab-for-squamous-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Markus Leitinger, Mihael V Varosanec, Slaven Pikija, Romana E Wass, Dave Bandke, Serge Weis, Michael Studnicka, Susanne Grinzinger, Mark R McCoy, Larissa Hauer, Johann Sellner
Immune checkpoint inhibitors are antibodies, which enhance cellular and humoral immune responses and are approved for the treatment of various tumors. Immune-related adverse events (irAE) involving different organs and systems are, however, among the side-effects. Recent reports of severe persistent neurological deficits and even fatal cases underpin the need for better understanding of the exact pathomechanisms of central nervous system (CNS) toxicity. To our knowledge, we report the first biopsy-proven case of fatal necrotizing encephalopathy after treatment with nivolumab...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439932/in-vivo-imaging-of-single-mammalian-cells-in-development-and-disease
#4
REVIEW
Melanie D White, Ziqing W Zhao, Nicolas Plachta
Live imaging has transformed biomedical sciences by enabling visualization and analysis of dynamic cellular processes as they occur in their native contexts. Here, we review key recent efforts applying in vivo optical imaging with single-cell resolution to mammalian systems ranging from embryos to adult tissues and organs. We highlight insights into active processes regulating cell fate and morphogenesis during embryonic development, how neuronal circuitry and non-neuronal cell types contribute to neurological functions, and how novel imaging-based approaches enable the dissection of neurological disorders and cancer with high spatio-temporal resolution...
February 10, 2018: Trends in Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436307/cancers-of-the-major-salivary-gland
#5
Eugene Son, Aru Panwar, Charles H Mosher, Daniel Lydiatt
Salivary gland malignancies are rare tumors that comprise multiple histologic entities with diverse clinical behavior. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma is the most frequent primary salivary malignancy, followed by adenoid cystic and acinic cell carcinoma. Although most salivary malignancies are asymptomatic, presentation with a rapidly enlarging mass may be accompanied by pain, functional neurologic deficits, soft-tissue invasion, or nodal enlargement. Assessment of clinical behavior and physical exam greatly contributes to diagnostic workup...
February 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435065/increased-expression-of-monoamine-oxidase-a-is-associated-with-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-and-clinicopathological-features-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#6
Fei Liu, Liang Hu, Yuefan Ma, Bingyu Huang, Zihan Xiu, Peihua Zhang, Keyuan Zhou, Xudong Tang
Monoamine oxidase A (MAOA), a mitochondrial enzyme, is closely associated with neurological disorders. Recently, MAOA has been linked to the progression of prostate cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, and cholangiocarcinoma. However, MAOA was reported to have different effects on the progression of these types of cancer, and the role of MAOA in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) progression remains unclear. The present study determined the expression of MAOA and epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers in 45 pairs of NSCLC and matched non-tumor adjacent lung tissues, and further analyzed the correlation between MAOA expression and the EMT or the development of clinicopathological features...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434445/behind-the-curtain-of-non-coding-rnas-long-non-coding-rnas-regulating-hepatocarcinogenesis
#7
REVIEW
Aya El Khodiry, Menna Afify, Hend M El Tayebi
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common and aggressive cancers worldwide. HCC is the fifth common malignancy in the world and the second leading cause of cancer death in Asia. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are RNAs with a length greater than 200 nucleotides that do not encode proteins. lncRNAs can regulate gene expression and protein synthesis in several ways by interacting with DNA, RNA and proteins in a sequence specific manner. They could regulate cellular and developmental processes through either gene inhibition or gene activation...
February 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431404/hoarseness-in-adults
#8
Steven A House, Eric L Fisher
Hoarseness is a common presentation in primary care practices. Combined with other voice-related changes, it falls under the umbrella diagnosis of dysphonia. Hoarseness has a number of causes, ranging from simple inflammatory processes to less common psychiatric disorders to more serious systemic, neurologic, or cancerous conditions. Medication-induced hoarseness is common and should be considered. The initial evaluation begins with a targeted history and physical examination, while also looking for signs of potential systemic etiologies...
December 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424687/architecture-of-the-human-mtorc2-core-complex
#9
Edward Stuttfeld, Christopher H S Aylett, Stefan Imseng, Daniel Boehringer, Alain Scaiola, Evelyn Sauer, Michael N Hall, Timm Maier, Nenad Ban
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a key protein kinase controlling cellular metabolism and growth. It is part of the two structurally and functionally distinct multiprotein complexes mTORC1 and mTORC2. Dysregulation of mTOR occurs in diabetes, cancer and neurological disease. We report the architecture of human mTORC2 at intermediate resolution, revealing a conserved binding site for accessory proteins on mTOR and explaining the structural basis for the rapamycin insensitivity of the complex.
February 9, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424302/the-role-of-5-ht1a-receptor-in-the-cancer-as-a-new-opportunity-in-medicinal-chemistry
#10
Angela Corvino, Ferdinando Fiorino, Beatrice Severino, Irene Saccone, Francesco Frecentese, Elisa Perissutti, Paola Di Vaio, Vincenzo Santagada, Giuseppe Caliendo, Elisa Magli
The 5-HT1A receptor is a pharmacologically well characterized serotonin receptor subtype and it has long been investigated because of its involvement in several physio-pathological mechanisms and treatment of neurological diseases like ansia and depression. Serotonin (5-HT) also shows many non-neural functions such as essential hypertension, embryogenesis, follicle maturation and behavior. Moreover it exerts a growth factor function on different types of non-tumoral cells, and it was also found to be related to oncogenes...
February 9, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420713/symptoms-in-primary-care-with-time-to-diagnosis-of-brain-tumours
#11
Mio Ozawa, Paul M Brennan, Karolis Zienius, Kathreena M Kurian, William Hollingworth, David Weller, Willie Hamilton, Robin Grant, Yoav Ben-Shlomo
Background: Brain tumours often present with varied, non-specific features with other diagnoses usually being more likely. Objective: To examine how different symptoms and patient demographics predict variations in time to brain tumour diagnosis. Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis of brain tumour cases from National Audit of Cancer Diagnosis in Primary Care. We grouped neurological symptoms into six domains (headache, behavioural/cognitive change, focal neurology, 'fits, faints or falls', non-specific neurological, and other/non-specific) and calculated times for patient presentation, GP referral, specialist consultation and total pathway interval...
February 6, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420166/curcumin-mediated-regulation-of-intestinal-barrier-function-the-mechanism-underlying-its-beneficial-effects
#12
Siddhartha S Ghosh, Hongliang He, Jing Wang, Todd W Gehr, Shobha Ghosh
Curcumin has anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and anti-proliferative properties established largely by in vitro studies. Accordingly, oral administration of curcumin beneficially modulates many diseases including diabetes, fatty-liver disease, atherosclerosis, arthritis, cancer and neurological disorders such as depression, Alzheimer's or Parkinson's disease. However, limited bioavailability and inability to detect curcumin in circulation or target tissues has hindered the validation of a causal role. We established curcumin-mediated decrease in the release of gut bacteria-derived lipopolysaccharide (LPS) into circulation by maintaining the integrity of the intestinal barrier function as the mechanism underlying the attenuation of metabolic diseases (diabetes, atherosclerosis, kidney disease) by curcumin supplementation precluding the need for curcumin absorption...
January 8, 2018: Tissue Barriers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414737/assessment-of-safety-of-5-aminolevulinic-acid-mediated-photodynamic-therapy-in-rat-brain
#13
Seigo Kimura, Toshihiko Kuroiwa, Naokado Ikeda, Naosuke Nonoguchi, Shinji Kawabata, Yoshinaga Kajimoto, Toshihisa Ishikawa
BACKGROUND: Oral 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) induces biosynthesis/accumulation of the natural photo-sensitizer protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) in cancer cells. ALA is used widely in photodynamic diagnosis (PDD) and therapy (PDT) during malignant glioma surgery, but few studies have examined the effects of photodynamics plus ALA on normal brain tissue in vivo. We investigated the effects of ALA-mediated PDD and PDT on normal brain tissue. METHODS: We established a rat model in which the brain surface was irradiated through the skull by light-emitting diode (635 nm) after ALA administration...
February 4, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413052/intracerebral-efficacy-and-tolerance-of-nivolumab-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-with-brain-metastases
#14
Clément Gauvain, Enora Vauléon, Christos Chouaid, Emilie Lerhun, Laurence Jabot, Arnaud Scherpereel, Florent Vinas, Alexis Benjamin Cortot, Isabelle Monnet
OBJECTIVES: Although nivolumab has shown efficacy against non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLCs), patients with active brain metastases (BMs) were excluded from pivotal clinical trials. Hence, data regarding nivolumab intracerebral activity and safety in NSCLC patients with BMs are scarce. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective multicenter study on NSCLC patients with BMs treated with nivolumab. The primary endpoint was intracerebral objective response rate (IORR), according to RECIST criteria...
February 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412125/the-endocannabinoid-system-and-heart-disease-the-role-of-cannabinoid-receptor-type-2
#15
Morad Hebi, Douglas P Thewke
Decades of research has provided evidence for the role of the endocannabinoid system in human health and disease. This versatile system, consisting of two receptors (CB1 and CB2), their endogenous ligands (endocannabinoids), and metabolic enzymes has been implicated in a wide variety of disease states, ranging from neurological disorders to cancer. CB2 has gained much interest for its beneficial immunomodulatory role that can be obtained without eliciting psychotropic effects through CB1. Recent studies have shed light on a protective role of CB2 in cardiovascular disease, an ailment which currently takes more lives each year in Western countries than any other disease or injury...
February 6, 2018: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411554/are-registration-of-disease-codes-for-adult-anaphylaxis-accurate-in-the-emergency-department
#16
Byungho Choi, Sun Hyu Kim, Hyeji Lee
PURPOSE: There has been active research on anaphylaxis, but many study subjects are limited to patients registered with anaphylaxis codes. However, anaphylaxis codes tend to be underused. The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of anaphylaxis code registration and the clinical characteristics of accurate and inaccurate anaphylaxis registration in anaphylactic patients. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated the medical records of adult patients who visited the university hospital emergency department between 2012 and 2016...
March 2018: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411302/long-term-health-effects-and-underlying-biological-mechanisms-of-developmental-exposure-to-arsenic
#17
REVIEW
Lisa Smeester, Rebecca C Fry
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Exposure to inorganic arsenic (iAs) via drinking water represents a significant global public health threat with chronic exposure associated with cancer, skin lesions, neurological impairment, and cardiovascular diseases. Particularly susceptible populations include the developing fetus and young children. This review summarizes some of the critical studies of the long-term health effects and underlying biological mechanisms related to developmental exposure to arsenic...
February 6, 2018: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411193/-paraneoplastic-cerebellar-degeneration-pcd-%C3%A2-an-interdisciplinary-challenge-in-neurology-oncology-and-palliative-care
#18
Sabine Burger, Stefan Lorenzl
Paraneoplastic neurological syndromes describe a very heterogeneous group of neurological disorders. Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration is frequently associated with gynecological tumors, lung cancer and Hodgkin lymphoma. The following case report shows the typical course of this disease as well as the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Furthermore the importance of interdisciplinary cooperation between neurology, oncology and palliative care for prognosis and symptom stabilization is highlighted.
February 6, 2018: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408178/characterization-of-fatty-acid-amide-hydrolase-activity-by-a-fluorescence-based-assay
#19
Florian M Dato, Andreas Maaßen, Bernd Goldfuß, Markus Pietsch
Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) is involved in many human diseases, particularly cancer, pain and inflammation as well as neurological, metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Therefore, FAAH is an attractive target for the development of low-molecular-weight inhibitors as therapeutics, which requires robust assays that can be used for high-throughput screening (HTS) of compound libraries. Here, we report the development of a fluorometric assay based on FAAH's ability to effectively hydrolyze medium-chain fatty acid amides, introducing N-decanoyl-substituted 5-amino-2-methoxypyridine (D-MAP) as new amide substrate...
January 30, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402826/when-to-screen-ischaemic-stroke-patients-for-cancer
#20
Henriette Aurora Selvik, Anna Therese Bjerkreim, Lars Thomassen, Ulrike Waje-Andreassen, Halvor Naess, Christopher Elnan Kvistad
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ischemic stroke can be the first manifestation of cancer and it is therefore important to ascertain which stroke patients should be considered for cancer-diagnostic investigations. We aimed to determine the frequency of active cancer in patients with acute ischemic stroke and to compare clinical findings in stroke patients with active cancer to ischemic stroke patients with no history of cancer. Finally, we aimed to develop a predictive and feasible score for clinical use to uncover underlying malignancy...
January 9, 2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
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