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Social Influence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931168/socio-cultural-norms-and-roles-in-the-use-and-abuse-of-alcohol-among-members-of-a-rural-community-in-southeast-nigeria
#1
E N Nwagu, S I C Dibia, A N Odo
Social influences together with local cultural norms are central factors that can influence the use of alcohol. The study, therefore, identified socio-cultural norms and roles capable of influencing alcohol use among young people in an alcohol producing community, in Nigeria. We used qualitative technique - focused group discussions among selected key persons in the area of study. Three groups; adult males, adult females and youths were engaged in discussions around the themes of socio-cultural; norms, roles, beliefs, values and practices that influences alcohol abuse...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931102/-areas-and-challenges-of-oncopsychological-rehabilitation
#2
Péter Kovács, Zsuzsa Koncz, Julianna Peti, Anna Gõdény, Dóra Horváth, Csilla Gerlinger, Katalin Lacsán, Petra Molnár, Ágnes Riskó
Patients with cancer present a number of different difficulties that adversely affect their health care and recovery (e.g. poor communication with physicians, lack of knowledge about their illness and its management, financial problems). Furthermore, mental health problems, such as distress, depression and anxiety, are common amongst patients with cancer. These mental health problems are additional contributors to functional impairment in carrying out family, work, and other social roles, poor adherence to medical treatments, and adverse medical outcomes...
September 20, 2017: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931081/female-reproductive-success-and-calf-survival-in-a-north-sea-coastal-bottlenose-dolphin-tursiops-truncatus-population
#3
Kevin P Robinson, Texa M C Sim, Ross M Culloch, Thomas S Bean, Isabel Cordoba Aguilar, Sonja M Eisfeld, Miranda Filan, Gary N Haskins, Genevieve Williams, Graham J Pierce
Between-female variation in reproductive output provides a strong measure of individual fitness and a quantifiable measure of the health of a population which may be highly informative to management. In the present study, we examined reproductive traits in female bottlenose dolphins from the east coast of Scotland using longitudinal sightings data collected over twenty years. From a total of 102 females identified between 1997 and 2016, 74 mothers produced a collective total of 193 calves. Females gave birth from 6 to 13 years of age with a mean age of 8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930808/the-influence-of-adverse-effects-on-quality-of-life-of-survivors-of-gynecologic-cancer
#4
Chiaki Omichi, Keiichiro Nakamura, Junko Haraga, Naoyuki Ida, Masayuki Saijo, Takeshi Nishida, Tomoyuki Kusumoto, Hisashi Masuyama
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this observational study was to investigate correlations between adverse effects (lower-extremity lymphedema [LEL], dysuria, and severe gastrointestinal symptoms) and quality of life (QOL) (physical well-being [PWB], social well-being, emotional well-being [EWB], and functional well-being) before treatment, at least 6 weeks after treatment (posttreatment1), and 3 or 6 months after treatment (posttreatment2) of patients with gynecologic cancer (GC). METHODS: From August 2012 to October 2016, questionnaire responses and clinical data of 75 patients with GC were collected and assessed by treatment received...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930519/divergent-impact-of-gender-in-advancement-of-liver-injuries-diseases-and-carcinogenesis
#5
Subhrajit Biswas, Sampa Ghose
Several investigations have revealed that liver diseases exhibit gender biases, but identifying the root causes of such biases has been challenging. Evidence of gender differences in liver function is present from the early stage of embryonic development. The differences in access to care and treatment as well as diagnostic deliberation may affect gender-specific differences in liver disease progression. Apart from the pathogenesis, xenobiotic metabolism, immune responses, gene expressions, mitochondrial function, lipid composition, and enzyme activities also differ in this sexually dimorphic organ...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929866/culture-and-food-practices-of-african-american-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#6
Lisa L Sumlin, Sharon A Brown
Purpose The goals of this descriptive ethnographic study were to (1) describe the day-to-day selection, preparation, and consumption of food among African American women (AAW) with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); (2) identify their typical food selections and consumption practices when dining out at restaurants and at social gatherings (ie, church functions, holidays); (3) highlight the valued behaviors and beliefs that influence these women's food practices; and (4) determine how social interactions influence those food practices...
September 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929728/-undocumented-immigrants-what-do-we-know-about-their-health
#7
Giovanni Baglio, Raffaele Di Palma, Erica Eugeni, Antonio Fortino
In Italy, immigrants represent a "fuzzy" set, to which it is difficult to apply dichotomous categories as a classification (i.e., regular/irregular, economic/forced, etcetera). These categories lose its meaning when used to study health phenomena. Rather, the epidemiological profile of such a heterogeneous population depends on the varying influence of health determinants in the life-course of migration. This article builds on those assumptions, and analyses the health of irregularly- staying immigrants by adopting a global approach to the migration phenomenon...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929479/social-capital-neighborhood-disorder-and-disaster-recovery
#8
Lauren Clay, Mia Papas, David Abramson, James Kendra
OBJECTIVE: This study examined social institutions as a contextual factor that may influence perceptions of neighborhood physical and social disorder during disaster recovery. DESIGN: The study used descriptive statistics and fit logistic regression models. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants in this study (n = 772) were recruited from temporary housing in Louisiana and Mississippi as part of the Gulf Coast Child and Family Health Study, a longitudinal study of households heavily impacted by Hurricane Katrina...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929413/accessing-support-before-or-after-a-parent-dies-from-cancer-and-young-people-s-current-wellbeing
#9
A Varathakeyan, F E J McDonald, P Patterson, K Nicholson Perry, K R Allison
PURPOSE: To examine differences in distress and unmet needs between bereaved adolescent and young adult (AYA) offspring who accessed support before and after being bereaved by parental cancer, and to explore aspects of their cancer experience that influenced their help-seeking. METHODS: Phase 1: Surveys completed by AYAs (11-26 years) bereaved by parental cancer were subjected to analysis of covariance examining differences in distress and unmet needs between those who accessed support before (n = 159) and after (n = 212) parental bereavement...
September 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929397/exploring-the-roles-of-race-ethnicity-nationality-and-skin-color-in-the-sexual-partner-choices-of-bisexual-latino-men
#10
Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Nicolette Severson
Racial and ethnic differences are well-documented social factors shaping sexual interactions. However, these racial/ethnic dynamics have been mostly overlooked in the context of sexual fluidity, specifically for bisexual individuals. Furthermore, there is limited literature on how sexual objectification based on skin color and ethnicity, factors well documented to influence individual's sexual partnering decision, might be different for male, female, and/or transgender partners of bisexual individuals. From 2009 to 2014, we conducted a mixed methods study examining how bisexual Latino men construct and participate in their sex markets...
September 19, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929340/sleep-and-cardio-metabolic-disease
#11
REVIEW
Francesco P Cappuccio, Michelle A Miller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarises and discusses the epidemiological evidence suggesting a causal relationship between sleep duration and cardio-metabolic risk and outcomes in population. RECENT FINDINGS: Sleep duration is affected by a variety of cultural, social, psychological, behavioural, pathophysiological and environmental influences. Changes in modern society-like longer working hours, more shift-work, 24/7 availability of commodities and 24-h global connectivity-have been associated with a gradual reduction in sleep duration and sleeping patterns across westernised populations...
September 19, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929301/urban-heart-detroit-a-tool-to-better-understand-and-address-health-equity-gaps-in-the-city
#12
R Mehdipanah, A J Schulz, B A Israel, C Gamboa, Z Rowe, M Khan, A Allen
The Urban Health Equity Assessment Response Tool (Urban HEART) combines statistical evidence and community knowledge to address urban health inequities. This paper describes the process of adopting and implementing this tool for Detroit, Michigan, the first city in the USA to use it. The six steps of Urban HEART were implemented by the Healthy Environments Partnership, a community-based participatory research partnership made up of community-based organizations, health service providers, and researchers based in academic institutions...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929023/a-dark-past-a-restrained-present-and-an-apocalyptic-future-time-perspective-personality-and-life-satisfaction-among-anorexia-nervosa-patients
#13
Danilo Garcia, Alexandre Granjard, Suzanna Lundblad, Trevor Archer
BACKGROUND: Despite reporting low levels of well-being, anorexia nervosa patients express temperament traits (e.g., extraversion and persistence) necessary for high levels of life satisfaction. Nevertheless, among individuals without eating disorders, a balanced organization of the flow of time, influences life satisfaction beyond temperamental dispositions. A balanced time perspective is defined as: high past positive, low past negative, high present hedonistic, low present fatalistic, and high future...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928702/workplace-ostracism-seen-through-the-lens-of-power
#14
John Fiset, Raghid Al Hajj, John G Vongas
Drawing on approach/inhibition theory of power, we investigated two factors that influence the manner by which victims react to workplace ostracism: the hierarchical status of the ostracizer and the level of an ostracizee's external social support including family, friends, and significant others. Across an experimental vignette study (Study 1) and a field study (Study 2), we found support for a three-way interaction with felt ostracism, ostracizee external social support, and ostracizer status influencing victims' organizational citizenship behavior and deviance directed toward other individuals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928448/intact-animacy-perception-during-chase-detection-in-asd
#15
Steven Vanmarcke, Sander van de Cruys, Pieter Moors, Johan Wagemans
We explored the strength of implicit social inferences in adolescents with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) using a chasing paradigm in which participants judged the absence/presence of a chase within a display of four seemingly randomly moving dots. While two of these dots always moved randomly, the two others could fulfill the role of being either the chasing (wolf) or chased (sheep) dot. In the chase-present (but not the chase-absent) trials the wolf displayed chasing behavior defined by the degree to which the dot reliably moved towards the sheep (chasing subtlety)...
September 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928219/o2-sensing-associated-glycosylation-exposes-the-f-box-combining-site-of-the-dictyostelium-skp1-subunit-in-e3-ubiquitin-ligases
#16
M Osman Sheikh, David Thieker, Gordon Chalmers, Christopher M Schafer, Mayumi Ishihara, Parastoo Azadi, Robert J Woods, John N Glushka, Brad Bendiak, James H Prestegard, Christopher M West
Skp1 is a conserved protein linking cullin-1 to F-box proteins in SCF (Skp1-Cullin1-F-box) E3 ubiquitin ligases, which modify protein substrates with polyubiquitin chains that typically target them for 26S proteasome-mediated degradation. In Dictyostelium (a social amoeba), Toxoplasma gondii (the agent for human toxoplasmosis), and other protists, Skp1 is regulated by a unique pentasaccharide attached to hydroxylated Pro-143 within its C-terminal F-box binding domain. Prolyl hydroxylation of Skp1 contributes to O2-dependent Dictyostelium development, but full glycosylation at that position is required for optimal O2 sensing...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927864/anorexia-nervosa-and-childhood-sexual-abuse-treatment-outcomes-of-intensive-enhanced-cognitive-behavioural-therapy
#17
Simona Calugi, Cecilia Franchini, Silvia Pivari, Maddalena Conti, Marwan El Ghoch, Riccardo Dalle Grave
Sexual abuse has been widely studied as a risk factor in anorexia nervosa, but data on its influence on treatment outcomes are scarce. Hence, we compared short- and long-term outcomes of inpatient enhanced cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT-E) in patients with anorexia nervosa who had and had not suffered sexual abuse. Eighty-one patients were recruited, and body mass index (BMI), Eating Disorder Examination, Brief Symptom Inventory, and Work and Social Adjustment Scale scores were recorded before and after treatment, and at 6- and 12-month follow-ups...
September 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927386/patients-perception-regarding-the-influence-of-individual-and-social-vulnerabilities-on-the-adherence-to-tuberculosis-treatment-a-qualitative-study
#18
Rosiane Davina da Silva, Fernanda Darliane Tavares de Luna, Aguinaldo José de Araújo, Edwirde Luiz Silva Camêlo, Maria Rita Bertolozzi, Paula Hino, Sheylla Nadjane Batista Lacerda, Sayonara Maria Lia Fook, Tânia Maria Ribeiro Monteiro de Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis remains an important disease which mainly affects the majority of vulnerable individuals in society, who are subjected to poor living conditions and difficulties to access the services of public health. Under these circumstances, the present study aims to understand patients' perception in relation to the influence of individual and social vulnerabilities on the adherence to tuberculosis treatment. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in one large municipality at the state of Paraíba, Northeast of Brazil...
September 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927380/financial-burden-of-survivors-of-medically-managed-myocardial-infarction-and-its-association-with-selected-social-determinants-and-quality-of-life-in-a-lower-middle-income-country
#19
P K B Mahesh, M W Gunathunga, S Jayasinghe, S M Arnold, D S V Mallawarachchi, S K Perera, U A D Wijesinghe
BACKGROUND: Burden from ischemic heart disease is rising in Sri Lanka due to the demographic and epidemiological transitions. Documented literature is scarce on quality of life, financial burden and its determinants in relation to myocardial infarction (MI). This study was done to describe the financial burden among the survivors of MI managed only with drugs (i.e. those who did not undergo Percutaneous Coronary Intervention or Coronary Artery Bypass Graft) and its association with selected social determinants (SDHs) and quality of life (QOL)...
September 19, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927355/the-promise-of-qualitative-research-to-inform-theory-to-address-health-equity
#20
Rachel C Shelton, Derek M Griffith, Michelle C Kegler
Most public health researchers and practitioners agree that we need to accelerate our efforts to eliminate health disparities and promote health equity. The past two decades of research have provided a wealth of descriptive studies, both qualitative and quantitative, that describe the size, scale, and scope of health disparities, as well as the key determinants that affect disparities. We need, however, to shift more aggressively to action informed by this research and develop deeper understandings of how to shape multilevel interventions, influenced by theories across multiple levels of the social-ecologic framework...
October 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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