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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321700/validation-and-reliability-study-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-stigma-scale-of-epilepsy
#1
Nevin Kuloğlu Pazarci, Nihan Parasiz Yükselen, Şenay Aydın, Zeynep Ünlüsoy Acar, Dilek Necioğlu Örken
Introduction: We aimed to validate the Turkish version of the Stigma Scale of Epilepsy (SSE) (from Brazil) and present the results. Method: The SSE was completed by 33 patients with epilepsy (PWE), 25 of the patients' family members, and 23 people from the community. Subjects were interviewed on an individual basis; a physician read the questions and the subjects wrote the answers on a sheet. The form was the same for all subjects. In addition, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Hamilton Anxiety Inventory (HAI), Short Form-36 (SF-36) were completed by the subjects...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294960/protective-and-risk-factors-associated-with-youth-attitudes-toward-violence-in-canada
#2
Dana Ramsay, Megan Steeves, Cindy Feng, Marwa Farag
Adolescents and young adults are the main perpetrators and victims of violence in almost all parts of the world. Theories of human behavior predict that the intention to behave violently is formed in part by the individual's attitude toward violent behavior. The purpose of this study was thus to investigate factors which both promote and protect against violent youth attitudes in Toronto, Canada's largest urban center. Multinomial logit models were fit separately for males and females in Grades 7 to 9 using cross-sectional data from the 2006 International Youth Survey...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294810/hate-crimes-against-trans-people-assessing-emotions-behaviors-and-attitudes-toward-criminal-justice-agencies
#3
Mark A Walters, Jennifer Paterson, Rupert Brown, Liz McDonnell
Based on a survey of 593 lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people in the United Kingdom, this study shows that direct anti-LGBT hate crimes (measured by direct experiences of victimization) and indirect anti-LGBT hate crimes (measured by personally knowing other victims of hate crime) are highly prolific and frequent experiences for LGBT people. Our findings show that trans people are particularly susceptible to hate crimes, both in terms of prevalence and frequency. This article additionally highlights the negative emotional and (intended) behavioral reactions that were correlated with an imagined hate crime scenario, showing that trans people are more likely to experience heightened levels of threat, vulnerability, and anxiety compared with non-trans LGB people...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294794/perceived-group-threat-perceived-injustice-and-self-reported-right-wing-violence-an-integrative-approach-to-the-explanation-right-wing-violence
#4
Lieven J R Pauwels, Ben Heylen
The present study aims at explaining individual differences in self-reported political violence. We integrate key concepts from the field of criminology that are conceptually related to social identity theory (Flemish identity, feelings of group superiority, and ethnocentrism) and the dual process model on prejudice (perceived injustice, perception of threat, and right-wing authoritarianism). In our model, social identity concepts are hypothesized to play a mediating role between mechanisms derived from the dual process model and political violence...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294676/religiousness-and-rape-myth-acceptance-risk-and-protective-effects
#5
Samantha Ensz, Peter J Jankowski
This study addressed the lack of research simultaneously examining multiple dimensions of religiousness when predicting rape myth acceptance, and extended prior findings of a mediating role for right-wing authoritarianism (i.e., uncritical submission to authority and aggressive attitude toward those who do not conform to social norms) in the association between religiousness and prejudice. The sample consisted of 99 undergraduate and graduate students ( M age = 31.87 years, 66.7% female, 80.82% White, and 93% Christian affiliated) from a religiously affiliated university in the Midwest United States...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284805/stigma-and-attitudes-toward-patients-with-psychiatric-illness-among-postgraduate-indian-physicians
#6
Susmita Chandramouleeswaran, Wesley Rajaleelan, Natasha Catherine Edwin, Ivan Koshy
Background: Due to paucity of psychiatrists in India, psychiatric patients often present to other doctors. We aimed to study nonpsychiatric residents' attitude and stigma toward psychiatric patients. Methods: A total of 57 postgraduate trainees participated in a cross-sectional study in a tertiary hospital in New Delhi. Attitudes to psychiatric patients were assessed using the attitude to mental illness questionnaire (AMIQ) and the perceived stigma questionnaire...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283983/psychiatry-between-glorification-and-stigmatization
#7
Alija Sutovic
In psychiatry, stigma means negative marking of the person only because s(he) has a diagnosis of mental disease, and usually this refers to schizophrenia. Stigmatization is related to prejudice, i.e. negative attitudes that are deeply rooted on false beliefs that schizophrenia cannot be treated. In principle, stigma is caused by combination of ignorance and fear which represents the basis of the creation of entrenched myths and prejudice. From a historical point of view, schizophrenia as a disease remains for public, one of the medical areas that are related to fear, a sense of discomfort, prejudice and avoidance...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283624/award-for-distinguished-scientific-contributions-anthony-g-greenwald
#8
(no author information available yet)
The APA Awards for Distinguished Scientific Contributions are presented to persons who, in the opinion of the Committee on Scientific Awards, have made distinguished theoretical or empirical contributions to basic research in psychology. Anthony G. Greenwald is a recipient of the 2017 award for his work in collaboration with Mahzarin R. Banaji. Greenwald "identified prejudice against the null hypothesis among researchers and unintended prejudices toward social groups among everyone." Greenwald's award citation, biography, and a selected bibliography are presented here...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275186/neuroimaging-of-person-perception-a-social-visual-interface
#9
REVIEW
Jeffrey A Brooks, Jonathan B Freeman
The visual system is able to extract an enormous amount of socially relevant information from the face, including social categories, personality traits, and emotion. While facial features may be directly tied to certain perceptions, emerging research suggests that top-down social cognitive factors (e.g., stereotypes, social-conceptual knowledge, prejudice) considerably influence and shape the perceptual process. The rapid integration of higher-order social cognitive processes into visual perception gives rise to systematic biases in perceptions of another's face and may potentially act as a mediating factor for intergroup behavioral and evaluative biases...
December 21, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274950/knowledge-about-epilepsy-in-university-health-students-a-multicenter-study
#10
Priscila Souza, Leslie A Portes, Robert K Thomas, Jorge R Bonito, Marilia Rua, Fabio J Pacheco, Phillip Plaatjes, Natalia C Oliveira
Even with economic development and improvements in health care around the world, it is estimated that nowadays, 50 million people have epilepsy. It is one of the most prevalent neurological diseases, yet it is still surrounded by prejudice, stigma, lack of awareness, and wrong attitudes of the population towards the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the knowledge about epilepsy in health students from different countries: Brazil, Argentina, Portugal, United States, and South Africa...
December 21, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249704/the-medicaid-prejudice
#11
Linda Echegaray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239638/empathy-trumps-prejudice-the-longitudinal-relation-between-empathy-and-anti-immigrant-attitudes-in-adolescence
#12
Marta Miklikowska
Although research has shown the effects of empathy manipulations on prejudice, little is known about the long-term relation between empathy and prejudice development, the direction of effects, and the relative effects of cognitive and affective aspects of empathy. Moreover, research has not examined within-person processes; hence, its practical implications are unclear. In addition, longitudinal research on development of prejudice and empathy in adolescence is still scarce. This 3-wave study of adolescents (N = 574) examined a longitudinal, within-person relation between empathy and anti-immigrant attitudes...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237220/-new-approaches-for-young-surgeons-students-symposium-on-minimally-invasive-surgery
#13
Paul Jonathan Roch, Mirco Friedrich, Karl-Friedrich Kowalewski, Mona Wanda Schmidt, Javier De la Garza Herrera, Philip Christoph Müller, Laura Benner, Philipp Romero, Beat Peter Müller-Stich, Felix Nickel
Background Physician shortage is particularly striking in surgical specialities. Umbrella organisations are making an effort to recruit medical students. Students' symposia during congresses seem to provide a promising approach to developing motivation and promoting interest. An exemplary students' symposium took place at the three nations meeting for minimally invasive surgery (MIS). Our aim was to evaluate the students' symposium from the students' perspective, in order to give recommendations for the future...
December 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236929/towards-a-standard-protocol-for-antimony-intralesional-infiltration-technique-for-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-treatment
#14
Rosiana Estéfane da Silva, Janaína de Pina Carvalho, Dario Brock Ramalho, Maria Camilo Ribeiro De Senna, Hugo Silva Assis Moreira, Ana Rabello, Erika Cota, Gláucia Cota
BACKGROUND Despite its recognised toxicity, antimonial therapy continues to be the first-line drug for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) treatment. Intralesional administration of meglumine antimoniate (MA) represents an alternative that could reduce the systemic absorption of the drug and its side effects. OBJECTIVES This study aims to validate the standard operational procedure (SOP) for the intralesional infiltration of MA for CL therapy as the first step before the assessment of efficacy and safety related to the procedure...
February 2018: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236562/from-narcotic-to-normalizer-the-misperception-of-methadone-treatment-and-the-persistence-of-prejudice-and-bias
#15
Joycelyn Sue Woods, Herman Joseph
This article concentrates on methadone maintenance as a normalizer for the impairments of opioid addiction, and the misunderstandings of it as a substitute for heroin that continues an opiate addiction. Methadone treatment was developed by Drs. Dole, Nyswander, and Kreek. Their cutting-edge theory transformed the way that opioid addiction is perceived and their work changed methadone from a narcotic to withdraw addicts to a medication that is a maintenance normalizer for a chronic condition. Their extensive research involved the physiological and sociological normalizing effects of methadone and medical safety of the medication (Dole & Nyswander, 1967)...
December 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235651/-the-way-we-do-the-things-we-do-decision-making-transparency-at-the-journal-of-child-psychology-and-psychiatry
#16
EDITORIAL
Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke
As in life generally, so in scholarly publishing, the turn of the year inevitably encourages editors to reflect soberly and take honest stock of the progress their journals have made over the previous 12 months. In this frame of mind, my own thoughts turned to our beloved Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Of course I say ours because we who currently work at the journal, know it actually belongs to you, the world-wide community of child and adolescent psychologists and psychiatrists: We are only its stewards...
January 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235228/experiences-of-singapore-nurses-as-second-victims-a-qualitative-study
#17
Shi Teng Chan, Betty Peck Chui Khong, Lynnette Pei Lin Tan, Hong-Gu He, Wenru Wang
Nurses, like other healthcare professionals, such as physicians, pharmacists, and therapists, are susceptible to unanticipated patient harm, in which they suffer as second victims due to the immense personal and professional impact from the adverse event. The aim of the present study was to explore the psychological responses, coping strategies, and support needs of Singapore nurses as second victims of adverse events. A descriptive qualitative study was adopted. Eight participants (6 women and 2 men) who had been involved in an adverse event were interviewed and audio-recorded...
December 12, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231128/exploring-the-experiences-of-persons-who-frequently-visit-the-emergency-department-for-mental-health-related-reasons
#18
Amanda Digel Vandyk, Lisa Young, Colleen MacPhee, Katharine Gillis
In this qualitative study, the experiences of persons who frequently visit the emergency department (ED) for mental health-related reasons were explored. Interpretive Description guided the design, and data were collected through interviews with 10 adults who made 12+ ED visits within a 1-year time frame (2015). Thematic analysis was used to analyze data inductively. The participants' experiences were described with the help of three themes emerging from the data: The Experience, The Providers, and Protective Factors...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230185/the-relationship-between-the-brexit-vote-and-individual-predictors-of-prejudice-collective-narcissism-right-wing-authoritarianism-social-dominance-orientation
#19
Agnieszka Golec de Zavala, Rita Guerra, Cláudia Simão
The Leave campaign in the U.K., which advocated exiting the European Union, emphasized anxiety over immigration and the need to take control of the U.K.'s borders. Citizens who expressed concerns about immigration to the U.K. were more likely to vote to leave. Two correlational studies examined the previously unexplored question of whether the Brexit vote and support for the outcome of the E.U. referendum were linked to individual predictors of prejudice toward foreigners: British collective narcissism (a belief in national greatness), right wing authoritarianism, and social dominance orientation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229654/protocol-for-developing-a-database-of-zoonotic-disease-research-in-india-dozoori
#20
Pranab Chatterjee, Soumyadeep Bhaumik, Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan, Manish Kakkar
INTRODUCTION: Zoonotic and emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) represent a public health threat that has been acknowledged only recently although they have been on the rise for the past several decades. On an average, every year since the Second World War, one pathogen has emerged or re-emerged on a global scale. Low/middle-income countries such as India bear a significant burden of zoonotic and EIDs. We propose that the creation of a database of published, peer-reviewed research will open up avenues for evidence-based policymaking for targeted prevention and control of zoonoses...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
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