keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Prejudice

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924336/intravitreal-injections-of-bevacizumab-the-impact-of-needle-size-in-intraocular-pressure-and-pain
#1
Mónica Loureiro, Rita Matos, Paula Sepulveda, Dália Meira
AIM: To compare the effect of 30-gauge vs 27-gauge needle size on intraocular pressure (IOP) rise and patients' pain experience after intravitreal injection (IVI) of bevacizumab. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional, randomized, double-armed study. Patients were randomized to IVI with 30-gauge or 27-gauge needle. The IOP was measured pre and post IVI. Patients' pain was graded using the visual analog scale (VAS). RESULTS: A total of 54 eyes were included...
May 2017: Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922163/bilingualism-and-cognitive-decline-a-story-of-pride-and-prejudice
#2
Evy Woumans, Jan Versijpt, Anne Sieben, Patrick Santens, Wouter Duyck
In a recent review, Mukadam, Sommerlad, and Livingston (2017) argue that bilingualism offers no protection against cognitive decline. The authors examined the results of 13 studies (five prospective, eight retrospective) in which monolinguals and bilinguals were compared for cognitive decline and onset of dementia symptoms. Analysis of four of the five prospective studies resulted in the conclusion that there was no difference between monolinguals and bilinguals, whereas seven of the eight retrospective studies actually showed bilingualism to result in a four-to-five year delay of symptom onset...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919771/the-challenge-of-perioperative-pain-management-in-opioid-tolerant-patients
#3
REVIEW
Flaminia Coluzzi, Francesca Bifulco, Arturo Cuomo, Mario Dauri, Claudio Leonardi, Rita Maria Melotti, Silvia Natoli, Patrizia Romualdi, Gennaro Savoia, Antonio Corcione
The increasing number of opioid users among chronic pain patients, and opioid abusers among the general population, makes perioperative pain management challenging for health care professionals. Anesthesiologists, surgeons, and nurses should be familiar with some pharmacological phenomena which are typical of opioid users and abusers, such as tolerance, physical dependence, hyperalgesia, and addiction. Inadequate pain management is very common in these patients, due to common prejudices and fears. The target of preoperative evaluation is to identify comorbidities and risk factors and recognize signs and symptoms of opioid abuse and opioid withdrawal...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918711/in-defense-of-tradition-religiosity-conservatism-and-opposition-to-same-sex-marriage-in-north-america
#4
Jojanneke van der Toorn, John T Jost, Dominic J Packer, Sharareh Noorbaloochi, Jay J Van Bavel
Arguments opposing same-sex marriage are often made on religious grounds. In five studies conducted in the United States and Canada (combined N = 1,673), we observed that religious opposition to same-sex marriage was explained, at least in part, by conservative ideology and linked to sexual prejudice. In Studies 1 and 2, we discovered that the relationship between religiosity and opposition to same-sex marriage was mediated by explicit sexual prejudice. In Study 3, we saw that the mediating effect of sexual prejudice was linked to political conservatism...
October 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912738/prejudice-and-health-anxiety-about-radiation-exposure-from-second-generation-atomic-bomb-survivors-results-from-a-qualitative-interview-study
#5
Yuka Kamite
The effect of atomic bomb radiation exposure on the survivors and their children has been a worrisome problem since soon after the 1945 Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings. Researchers have examined physical and genetic effects; however, no research has focused on second-generation survivors' (SGS) psychological effects. Consequently, this study shed light on the SGS' experience of discrimination and prejudice and their anxiety concerning the genetic effects of radiation exposure. This study utilized semi-structured interviews with 14 SGS (10 women, mean age = 56 ± 6...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910122/race-and-recession-effects-of-economic-scarcity-on-racial-discrimination
#6
Amy R Krosch, Tom R Tyler, David M Amodio
When the economy declines, existing racial disparities typically expand, suggesting that economic scarcity may promote racial discrimination. To understand this pattern, we examined the effect of perceived scarcity on resource allocations to Black and White American recipients, and tested whether this effect depends on a decision maker's motivation to respond without prejudice. We proposed that scarcity would lead to increased discrimination among those with relatively low internal motivation but not those high in internal motivation...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903711/authoritarianism-and-national-identity-examining-the-longitudinal-effects-of-sdo-and-rwa-on-nationalism-and-patriotism
#7
Danny Osborne, Petar Milojev, Chris G Sibley
The resurgence of right-wing political parties across the globe raises questions about the origins of national identity. Based on the Dual Process Model of Ideology and Prejudice, we argue that people's tendency to submit to ingroup authorities (Right-Wing Authoritarianism [RWA]) and preference for group-based hierarchy (Social Dominance Orientation [SDO]) underlie people's belief in the superiority of their nation (nationalism) and attachment to their homeland (patriotism). We examine these hypotheses using three waves of data from an annually conducted national longitudinal panel study of New Zealanders ( N = 3,838)...
August 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903695/toward-a-comprehensive-understanding-of-intergroup-contact-descriptions-and-mediators-of-positive-and-negative-contact-among-majority-and-minority-groups
#8
Lydia E Hayward, Linda R Tropp, Matthew J Hornsey, Fiona Kate Barlow
Positive contact predicts reduced prejudice, but negative contact may increase prejudice at a stronger rate. The current project builds on this work in four ways: establishing an understanding of contact that is grounded in subjective experience, examining the affective mediators involved in the negative contact-prejudice relationship, extending research on the effects of positive and negative contact to minority groups, and examining the contact asymmetry experimentally. Study 1 introduced anger as a mediator of the relationships between positive and negative contact and prejudice among White Americans ( N = 371), using a contact measure that reflected the frequency and intensity of a wide range of experiences...
March 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903684/the-wallpaper-effect-revisited-divergent-findings-on-the-effects-of-intergroup-contact-on-attitudes-in-diverse-versus-nondiverse-contexts
#9
Katharina Schmid, Ralf Wölfer, Herman Swart, Oliver Christ, Ananthi Al Ramiah, Steven Vertovec, Miles Hewstone
This article reexamines the so-called "wallpaper effect" of intergroup contact, which contends that for minority group members living in areas more densely populated by majority group members, intergroup contact fails to reduce prejudice. We tested this claim in five studies, using data from five countries, two types of contexts, a range of measures, and involving different minority versus majority groups. Using multilevel cross-level interaction models, we considered whether effects of contact on outgroup attitudes were moderated by relative outgroup size...
September 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903648/using-groups-to-measure-intergroup-prejudice
#10
Erin Cooley, B Keith Payne
Implicit measures of racial attitudes often assess reactions to images of individuals to infer attitudes toward an entire social category. However, an increasing amount of research indicates that responses to individuals are highly dependent on context and idiosyncratic features of individual exemplars. Thus, using images of individuals to assess beliefs about a whole social category may not be ideal. Across three time points, we predicted that using images of groups would mitigate the influence of idiosyncratic features of individual targets and, thus, provide a better measurement tool to assess beliefs about a category to which all group members belong...
January 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902311/-teenagers-access-to-contraception-in-mexico-city
#11
Sofía Gómez-Inclán, Luis Durán-Arenas
Objective: To study and understand the phenomenon of access to contraceptive methods in Mexican teenages, through the use of the Levesque model, which allows for the observation of both the system and the system and the user´s participation in the access process. Materials and methods: A qualitative study was conducted with focus groups technique in a middle and high school of Mexico City. Results: The perception of ability to access to health care is limited, teenagers do not know the mechanisms of care or supply of contraceptive methods...
May 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901597/the-limits-of-the-treatment-enhancement-distinction-as-a-guide-to-public-policy
#12
Alexandre Erler
Many believe that the treatment-enhancement distinction (TED) marks an important ethical boundary that we should use to shape public policy on biomedical interventions. A common justification for this purported normative force appeals to the idea that, whereas treatments respond to genuine medical needs, (most) enhancements can only satisfy mere preferences or "expensive tastes". This article offers a critique of that justification, while still accepting the TED as a conceptual tool, as well as some of the key ethical axioms endorsed by its proponents...
October 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898301/-notes-for-a-science-of-cannabis
#13
Diego A Golombek
The therapeutic and recreational use of cannabis and its derived products has been known since ancient times. The debate regarding its properties and legal status, which has recently changed in several states, has grown in recent years. However, scientifc evidence for or against its use, as well as for potential toxic effects in the short or long term, is scarce. In spite of the promising perspectives for its therapeutic use, in particular for neurological diseases such as refractory epilepsy or multiple sclerosis, which certainly aim for a controlled administration, this opinion article advocates for a greater incidence of basic and clinical scientifc research that may take this debate further away from matters of belief or prejudice and put it where it belongs, together with evidence and rationality...
November 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894572/comparison-between-digital-and-optical-microscopy-analysis-in-a-mouse-gut-inflammation-model
#14
Airton Pereira E Silva, Sylvia Maria Nicolau Campos, Isabelle Mazza Guimarães, Gerlinde Agate Platais Brasil Teixeira
Virtual microscopy is currently widely used for various purposes, such as teaching, archiving, collaborations and research. Although the cost of this technique has reduced, it continues to be expensive for the majority of laboratories in developing countries. The Graduate Program in Pathology at the Federal Fluminense University (Niterói, Brazil) has acquired equipment for virtual microscopy. However, this novel method faced prejudice, as students and technicians were skeptical about its reliability. Thus, the aim of the current study was to evaluate whether virtual microscopy is a reliable method of analysis for our research...
September 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888759/impact-of-iliac-artery-anatomy-on-the-outcome-of-fenestrated-and-branched-endovascular-aortic-repair
#15
Enrico Gallitto, Mauro Gargiulo, Gianluca Faggioli, Rodolfo Pini, Chiara Mascoli, Antonio Freyrie, Stefano Ancetti, Andrea Stella
OBJECTIVE: Fenestrated and branched endovascular aneurysm repair (FB-EVAR) is a valid option to treat juxtarenal and pararenal abdominal aortic aneurysms and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms. Because successful deployment depends on complex maneuvers, hostile iliac artery anatomy (HIA) can prejudice the FB-EVAR outcome. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of HIA on FB-EVAR outcome. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2015, all patients undergoing FB-EVAR were prospectively categorized according to iliac anatomy (friendly iliac artery anatomy [FIA] or HIA)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888370/biophysical-and-biological-properties-of-small-linear-peptides-derived-from-crotamine-a-cationic-antimicrobial-antitumoral-toxin-with-cell-penetrating-and-cargo-delivery-abilities
#16
C Dal Mas, D A Pinheiro, J D Campeiro, B Mattei, V Oliveira, E B Oliveira, A Miranda, K R Perez, M A F Hayashi
Crotamine is a natural polypeptide from snake venom which delivers nucleic acid molecules into cells, besides having pronounced affinity for negatively charged membranes and antifungal activity. We previously demonstrated that crotamine derived short linear peptides were not very effective as antifungal, although the non-structured recombinant crotamine was overridingly more potent compared to the native structured crotamine. Aiming to identify the features necessary for the antifungal activity of crotamine, two linear short peptides, each comprising half of the total positively charged amino acid residues of the full-length crotamine were evaluated here to show that these linear peptides keep the ability to interact with lipid membrane model systems with different phospholipid compositions, even after forming complexes with DNA...
September 6, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882443/debate-on-vaccines-and-autoimmunity-do-not-attack-the-author-yet-discuss-it-methodologically
#17
Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Abdulla Watad, Howard Amital, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Since Jenner, vaccines and vaccinations have stirred a hot, highly polarized debate, leading to contrasting positions and feelings, ranging from acritical enthusiasm to blind denial. On the one hand, we find anti-vaccination movements which divulge and disseminate misleading information, myths, prejudices, and even frauds, with the main aim of denying that vaccination practices represent a major public health measure, being effective in controlling infectious diseases and safeguarding the wellbeing of entire communities...
September 4, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881361/-practicals-in-a-psychiatric-clinic-for-occupational-orientation-in-pupils
#18
Annette Schaub, Kim Mueser, Ann-Kathrin Schmidt, Gabriele Koller, Peter Falkai
This pilot study investigates the implementation of a practical program for pupils including psychoeducation aimed to educate them about professions in psychiatry. 29 persons aged between 16-21 years were included in the program for vocational orientation at the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Munich, from 2013-2016. The 1-2-week program provides information about job descriptions of psychologists and physicians. On average the pupils performed at M=2.75, SD=0.64 and they were motivated...
September 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877122/career-obstacles-faced-by-female-nurse-academicians-in-turkey
#19
Burcu Alaçam, Serap Altuntaş
BACKGROUND: Most academicians in the nursing field are women, and they face many difficulties throughout the course of their careers for various reasons. PURPOSE: This study aims to determine the career difficulties faced by female academicians in the nursing field. METHODS: This study is descriptive, sectional, and comparative. The study was conducted in cooperation with female academicians in the nursing field (n = 132) from 11 different nursing schools in Turkey's Eastern Anatolia Region providing undergraduate education in nursing...
October 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876192/do-we-think-children-need-a-mom-and-dad-understanding-how-gender-ideology-impact-attitudes-toward-same-gender-parent-family-rights
#20
Stephanie N Webb, Jill M Chonody, Phillip S Kavanagh
Research and opinion polls demonstrate that attitudes toward same-gender parent families have been improving in recent years among Western countries; however, the history of oppression toward, and misconceptions of, same-gender parent families continue to be demonstrated in Australian family rights policies. Common misconceptions include the belief that children need both male and female role models, and this could be influencing peoples' support for same-gender family rights and having a wider impact on legislation change...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
keyword
keyword
73195
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"