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Rebecca M Aldrich, Lenin C Grajo
Online technologies facilitate connections between students around the world, but their impact on occupational science and occupational therapy students' critical consciousness about culture is underexplored. In this article we present research on five groups of occupational science and occupational therapy students across two cohorts at one Midwestern university. We used a pretest-posttest group design and the Multicultural Experiences Questionnaire to investigate the potential influence of students' exposure to international educational interactions on their multicultural experiences and desires...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Raissa Gonçalves Couto Dal Secco, Katlein França, David Castillo, Mana AlHarbi, Torello Lotti, Massimo Fioranelli, Maria Grazia Roccia
Leprosy is a contagious infectious disease caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae. This microorganism was discovered by Dr. Gerhard Hansen, and the illness was then baptized as Hansen's disease. For a long time, Hansen's disease was thought to be hereditary-a curse or a punishment from God. The disease affects skin and nerves and can cause severe damage. Due to its destructive effects, leprosy has caused fear, segregation, and prejudice in all societies since Biblical times. Patients with Hansen's disease have not been treated humanely around the world throughout the ages...
August 11, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
Jean-François Pelletier, Denis Pouliot-Morneau, Janie Houle, Julie Bordeleau, Sébastien Laroche, Michael Rowe
Objectives The Global Model of Public Mental Health is "global" not only in the sense of having an international perspective, but in regarding service users as actors at all levels of public mental health exerting collective and organized influence on the social determinants of health, in addition to being recipients of care. Having access to appropriate health and mental health care when needed is a fundamental human right. Having a say over the manner in which care is provided, including partnership in decision making in care planning and ongoing care, has gained increasing support among recipients and providers of care...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
Gordon B Moskowitz, Irmak Olcaysoy Okten, Cynthia M Gooch
Two experiments illustrate that the perception of a given time duration slows when white participants observe faces of black men, but only if participants are concerned with appearing biased. In Experiment 1 the concern with the appearance of bias is measured as a chronic state using the external motivation to respond without prejudice scale (Plant & Devine, 1998). In Experiment 2 it is manipulated by varying the race of the experimenter (black versus white). Time perception is assessed via a temporal discrimination task commonly used in the literature...
2017: PloS One
Ziyan Xu, Fangfang Huang, Markus Kösters, Nicolas Rüsch
People with mental illness often face different types of mental illness stigma that may affect their lives, including perceived stigma, self-stigma, harmful coping strategies and poor quality of life. Although anti-stigma interventions for people with mental illness from Western countries have been identified by recent systematic reviews, their efficacy in China is unknown. This review evaluates the efficacy of anti-stigma interventions among people with mental illness in Mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Macau...
September 2017: Psychiatry Research
Adam Jowett, Sophie Barker
In 2012, the US actress Cynthia Nixon was quoted in New York Times Magazine as having stated that "for me, it [being gay] is a choice. I understand that for many people it's not, but for me it's a choice, and you don't get to define my gayness for me". The interview attracted international media attention and public criticism by lesbian and gay activists. This paper suggests a rhetorical approach to understanding etiological beliefs and provides a discursive analysis of 198 online comments by readers of Pink News, a gay news website which reported on Nixon's controversial interview...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
David Moore, Christopher J Young, Jonathan Hong
BACKGROUND: We describe implementation of competency-based postgraduate surgical training, using an entrustable professional activities (EPAs) programme. The programme aims to improve patient outcomes by optimizing supervision of surgical trainees, creating opportunities for additional teaching and feedback. The curriculum was designed to maximize feasibility for implementation within a colorectal surgical department. METHODS: The curriculum was developed using previously described methods by consensus between two consultants within the department...
August 2, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Salvatore Ioverno, Nicola Carone, Vittorio Lingiardi, Nicola Nardelli, Paolo Pagone, Jessica Pistella, Marco Salvati, Alessandra Simonelli, Roberto Baiocco
This article describes two interrelated studies that investigated beliefs and stereotypes on two-father parenting and two-mother parenting through the development and validation of the Beliefs on Same-Sex Parenting (BOSSP) scale. The BOSSP captures two beliefs: (1) prejudices toward same-sex couples' inherent inability to parent and (2) concerns about same-sex parenting that are not necessarily related to homonegativity. In Study 1 (301 heterosexual participants), exploratory factor analysis (EFA) suggested an 11-item scale for attitudes toward both two-father families and two-mother families, with two factors: parenting skills, which evaluates beliefs on same-sex couples' ability to take care of their children; and parental adjustment, which assesses beliefs on the impact of challenges related to same-sex parenting on children's well-being...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
Giuseppe Marletta, Leopoldo Sarli, Luca Caricati, Tiziana Mancini
BACKGROUND AND AIM: HASH(0x571c618) BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: The improvement of team effectivity is one of the main concerns for healthcare organizations. Moreover, healthcare organizations must cope with increasing multicultural composition of both workforce and patients. The intergroup contact theory suggests that frequent and positive face-to-face contact among professionals or students with different cultural heritage can help to reach both increasing team effectiveness and adequate care in a multicultural setting...
July 18, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Sigrid Harendza, Martin Pyra
BACKGROUND: Many jokes exist about stereotypical attributes of physicians in various specialties, which could lead to prejudices against physicians from a specific specialty. It is unknown whether and when medical students are aware of stereotypes about different specialties. The goal of this study was to analyze the degree of stereotypes that exist about medical specialties amongst undergraduate medical students at different stages of their education. METHODS: One hundred fifty-two jokes with different content about attributes of physicians from different specialties were found by an internet search...
July 26, 2017: BMC Medical Education
Caitlin Handron, Teri A Kirby, Jennifer Wang, Helena E Matskewich, Sapna Cheryan
Can being overweight, a factor that commonly leads to stigmatization, ironically buffer some people from race-based assumptions about who is American? In 10 studies, participants were shown portraits that were edited to make the photographed person appear either overweight (body mass index, or BMI > 25) or normal weight (BMI < 25). A meta-analysis of these studies revealed that overweight Asian individuals were perceived as significantly more American than normal-weight versions of the same people, whereas this was not true for White, Black, or Latino individuals...
July 1, 2017: Psychological Science
Beata Dobrowolska, Bernadeta Jędrzejkiewicz, Anna Pilewska-Kozak, Danuta Zarzycka, Barbara Ślusarska, Alina Deluga, Aneta Kościołek, Alvisa Palese
BACKGROUND: Old age-based discrimination is observed as the most tolerated prejudice in society and has also been witnessed in healthcare institutions. AIMS: The aim of this study is to explore age-based discrimination in healthcare institutions as perceived by seniors and students of Medicine and Nursing. RESEARCH DESIGN: A multi-method study design, by involving a triangulation design. Participants and research context: A purposeful sample of individuals aged 65+ (n = 80) and medical and nursing students (n = 100) in the eastern region of Poland...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
Jin Yao, Liping Yang
As a multinational country incorporating 56 officially recognized ethnic groups, China is concerned with the mental health of members of minority ethnic groups, with an increasing focus on supporting Chinese ethnic minority college students. Nevertheless, in daily life, members of minority ethnic groups in China often perceive prejudice, which may in turn negatively influence their mental health, with respect to relative levels of ethnic identity and hope. To examine the mediating effects of ethnic identity and hope on the relationship between perceived prejudice and the mental health of Chinese ethnic minority college students, 665 students (18-26 years old; 207 males, 458 females; the proportion of participants is 95...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Renata Thaís de Almeida Barbosa, Maria Auxiliadora F Vertamatti, Claudia Arab, Tânia Brusque Crocetta, Ricardo Lencioni Mazzei, Ivo Carelli Filho, Ricardo Faure, Izabella Brandão Mendes, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
Although rare, breast cancer in males represents 1% of all cancer in men, and has shown increasing incidence in 25 years. To analyze age, gender, type of procedure performed and diagnosis of all cases of breast diseases in a public hospital in Sao Paulo, Brazil, with special focus on men. Cross-sectional study of breast surgery in 2010-2014 at Hospital Municipal Universitario de Sao Bernardo do Campo, Brazil. In the period 999 breast surgery were carried out. Patients with benign diseases were about 30 years old and patients with malignant diseases were over 50...
July 25, 2017: Breast Journal
Abdon Goudjo
Samusocial de Paris works daily with disadvantaged people. It has identified a number of obstacles which prevent access to care for these people: notably prejudices, the complexity of access to rights, congestion within the accommodation system, a lack of interpreters and health care mediators, as well as failures in the legal system.
July 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
Young Min Shon, Woo Joung Joung
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to understand and describe the illness experience of married Korean women with epilepsy. METHODS: Data were collected during 2015~2016 through individual in-depth interviews with 12 married women with epilepsy. Verbatim transcripts were analyzed using Giorgi's phenomenological analysis to uncover the meaning of the illness experience of the participants. RESULTS: The study results showed that the illness experience of married Korean women with epilepsy was clustered into a specific description of situated structure and a general description of situated structure...
June 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Valeria DE Simone, Olivia Pagani
INTRODUCTION: In the last decades, long-term outcomes of young women with breast cancer have greatly improved, raising several new survivorship needs which include fertility preservation and pregnancy. The prejudice against pregnancy after breast cancer is still alive among different healthcare providers (e.g. gynecologists, oncologists, general practitioners) and women are often confused and left alone in their family decision planning. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION AND SYNTHESIS: All the available retrospective data confirm pregnancy after breast cancer is safe both for the mother and the offspring, also in women with hormone receptor positive disease...
July 10, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
Camila Ferreira Sales, Keiza Priscila Enes Dos Santos, Elizete Rizzo, Rosy Iara Maciel de Azambuja Ribeiro, Hélio Batista Dos Santos, Ralph Gruppi Thomé
Pollutants found dispersed in water can cause irritations on the gills, challenge the immune system and prejudice the welfare of the fish. Here we investigated molecules linked to proliferation, survival, and cell death, as well as inflammatory and vascular control, in a model of fish gill remodeling, from injury to recovery. We assessed the gill histology and immunohistochemistry for PCNA, iNOS, HSP70, and Bax in Hypostomus francisci obtained from a river subjected to chronic anthropic influences and then after they were placed in water of good quality...
July 1, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Adel F Almutairi, Abdallah A Adlan, Hanan H Balkhy, Oraynab Abou Abbas, Alexander M Clark
In summer 2015, a Saudi 1000-bed tertiary care hospital experienced a serious outbreak among patients of Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome (MERS); during which, some healthcare providers contracted the virus, but none died. The outbreak provoked not only fear and stress; but also professional, emotional, ethical, and social conflicts and tension among healthcare providers and patients alike. Therefore, this study aims to explore what healthcare providers, who survived coronavirus infection, have experienced as a MERS patient and how the infection affected their relationship with their colleagues...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Alexandre P Braga, Francisca Ilnar de Sousa, Geraldo Bezerra da Silva Junior, Marilyn Kay Nations, Adriana Rolim Campos Barros, Rosendo Freitas de Amorim
Candomble, a Brazilian religion of African origin that worships Orishas, promotes "healing" assistance during its worship rituals using therapy with plants and beliefs. From its ancestry tradition, the respect and beware with nature are expressed. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the perception of ethnoecology and health promotion among Candomble practitioners from a Candomble temple in the state of Ceará, Brazil. The ethnography was designed to allow greater immersion into the current mystique...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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