keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Prejudice

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911185/self-regulation-and-social-pressure-reduce-prejudiced-responding-and-increase-motivation-to-be-non-prejudiced
#1
Steven G Buzinski, Michael B Kitchens
Self-regulation constrains the expression of prejudice, but when self-regulation falters, the immediate environment can act as an external source of prejudice regulation. This hypothesis derives from work demonstrating that external controls and internal self-regulation can prompt goal pursuit in the absence of self-imposed controls. Across four studies we found support for this complementary model of prejudice regulation. In Study 1, self-regulatory fatigue resulted in less motivation to be non-prejudiced, compared to a non-fatigued control...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905081/parasympathetic-cardio-regulation-during-social-interactions-in-individuals-with-obesity-the-influence-of-negative-body-image
#2
Anne Schrimpf, Jana Kube, Jane Neumann, Annette Horstmann, Arno Villringer, Michael Gaebler
Individuals with obesity in Western societies often face weight-related stigmatization and social exclusion. Recurrent exposure to prejudice and negative social feedback alters one's behavior in future social interactions. In this study, we aimed to investigate autonomic nervous system and affective responses to social interactions in individuals with obesity. Women and men with (n = 56) and without (n = 56) obesity participated in episodes of social inclusion and social exclusion using a virtual ball-tossing game...
November 30, 2016: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893796/attitudes-to-mental-illness-and-its-demographic-correlates-among-general-population-in-singapore
#3
Qi Yuan, Edimansyah Abdin, Louisa Picco, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Shazana Shahwan, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Saleha Shafie, Jenny Tay, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Public attitudes to mental illness could influence how the public interact with, provide opportunities for, and help people with mental illness. AIMS: This study aims to explore the underlying factors of the Attitudes to Mental Illness questionnaire among the general population in Singapore and the socio-demographic correlates of each factor. METHODS: From March 2014 to April 2015, a nation-wide cross-sectional survey on mental health literacy with 3,006 participants was conducted in Singapore...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890032/ageism-we-are-our-own-worst-enemy
#4
Kerry Sargent-Cox
In 1969, Butler (1969) first coined the term "ageism" to confront "prejudice by one age group toward other age groups" (pp. 243). As with other "isms," such as racism and sexism, ageism leads to bigotry and discrimination, though it is a very distinct beast in that, for the most part, other "isms" refer to those different from ourselves: distinct, mutually exclusive, and impervious groups. Conversely, age is a fluid social construct in which we are all intimately bound as we move through the lifespan, transitioning in and out of different age-groups...
November 28, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889281/is-structural-stigma-s-effect-on-the-mortality-of-sexual-minorities-robust-a-failure-to-replicate-the-results-of-a-published-study
#5
Mark Regnerus
BACKGROUND: The study of stigma's influence on health has surged in recent years. Hatzenbuehler et al.'s (2014) study of structural stigma's effect on mortality revealed an average of 12 years' shorter life expectancy for sexual minorities who resided in communities thought to exhibit high levels of anti-gay prejudice, using data from the 1988-2002 administrations of the US General Social Survey linked to mortality outcome data in the 2008 National Death Index. METHODS: In the original study, the key predictor variable (structural stigma) led to results suggesting the profound negative influence of structural stigma on the mortality of sexual minorities...
November 14, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885971/-a-magical-little-pill-that-will-relieve-you-of-your-womanly-issues-what-young-women-say-about-menstrual-suppression
#6
Colleen McMillan, Amanda Jenkins
Perceptions of menstruation by media discourses portray this bodily function to be messy, inconvenient, and as an unnecessary phenomenon to be controlled or possibly eliminated. Commercials shown on YouTube targeted toward young women suggest that having a monthly period is not healthy and a lifestyle that is menses free is both pharmacologically available and recommended in order to live a fuller life. We explored the meanings attached to online menstrual suppression commercials with 10 women aged between 18 and 25...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882501/a-review-of-a-gp-registrar-run-mobile-health-clinic-for-homeless-people
#7
A O'Carroll, N Irving, J O'Neill, E Flanagan
BACKGROUND: Homeless people have excessively high morbidity and mortality rates, yet they face barriers accessing primary care. A mobile health clinic, staffed by GP registrars, was developed to provide services to homeless people, particularly rough sleepers and sex workers. AIM: The aims were to improve access to primary care and to challenge the stereotypes and prejudices of GP registrars through direct contact with homeless people. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a qualitative study; questionnaires were completed on the mobile health clinic and two focus groups were conducted...
November 24, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875836/ageism-aging-and-hiv-community-responses-to-prevention-treatment-care-and-support
#8
Rosanna F DeMarco, Mark Brennan-Ing, Courtenay Sprague, Shelley M Brown
Ageism, in the form of prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination targeting older adults, represents a barrier to addressing the graying of the HIV epidemic. There is widespread misperception on the part of older adults themselves, as well as service providers and society in general that HIV risk is low as one ages. In addition, internalized ageism may play a role in poorer physical and mental health outcomes, as the negative stereotypes associated with aging become a self-fulfilling prophecy. A number of steps can be taken to address HIV and aging in the context of ageism with regard to: prevention, education, and outreach; treatment guidelines for older adults with HIV; funding to address the aging of the epidemic; engagement of communities, health and social service organizations, and other providers around mental health and social support, and addressing the needs of special populations...
2017: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875830/stigma-in-an-aging-context
#9
Charles A Emlet
Both the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS and the US National HIV/AIDS Strategy identify HIV stigma as a barrier to care, a barrier to service access, and deleterious to personal and social well-being. This chapter discusses the topic of HIV stigma from a conceptual basis, including the mechanisms of prejudice and discrimination, and defining anticipated, enacted, and internalized stigma. Stigma is then placed in a historical context of HIV and AIDS, and events exacerbating HIV stigma are discussed...
2017: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875640/an-untold-story-the-important-contributions-of-muslim-scholars-for-the-understanding-of-human-anatomy
#10
REVIEW
Malak A Alghamdi, Janine M Ziermann, Rui Diogo
It is usually assumed that Galen is one of the fathers of anatomy and that between the Corpus Galenicum and the Renaissance there was no major advance in anatomical knowledge. However, it is also consensually accepted that Muslim scholars had the intellectual leadership from the 8th/9th to 13th centuries, and that they made remarkable progresses in numerous scientific fields including medicine. So, how is it possible that they did not contribute to advance human anatomy during that period? According to the dominant view Muslim scholars exclusively had a passive role: their transmission of knowledge from the Greeks to the West...
November 22, 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872665/if-stigmatized-self-esteem-is-not-enough-effects-of-sexism-self-esteem-and-social-identity-on-leadership-aspiration
#11
Angela Fedi, Chiara Rollero
Ambivalent sexism has many pernicious consequences. Since gender stereotypes also affect leadership roles, the present research investigated the effects of ambivalent sexism on envisioning oneself as a leader. Our studies tested the influence of sexist attitudes (toward women - Study 1 - and men - Study 2) on leadership aspiration, taking into account the interaction among ambivalent attitudes, personal characteristics (e.g. self-esteem), and group processes (e.g. level of identification with gender). Specifically, the current study used a 3 (sexism: hostile, benevolent, control) x 2 (social identification: high, low) x 2 (self-esteem: high, low) factorial design...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867318/the-power-of-affirming-group-values-group-affirmation-buffers-the-self-esteem-of-women-exposed-to-blatant-sexism
#12
Julie Spencer-Rodgers, Brenda Major, Daniel Forster, Kaiping Peng
Extending the group affirmation literature to the domain of prejudice, this study investigated whether group affirmation buffers the self-esteem of women exposed to blatant sexism. In accordance with Self-Affirmation Theory (Steele, 1988) and group affirmation research (Sherman et al., 2007), we hypothesized that when one aspect of the collective self is threatened (gender identity), self-esteem can be maintained via the affirmation of an alternative aspect of the collective self. In a 2×2 between-participants design, female students were randomly assigned to read about discrimination directed toward women or a non-self-relevant disadvantaged group (the Inuit)...
2016: Self and Identity: the Journal of the International Society for Self and Identity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860251/incorporating-antiracism-coursework-into-a-cultural-competency-curriculum
#13
Wendy M Gordon, Safiya A U McCarter, Susan J Myers
Creating a socially conscious educational environment is an imperative if health care practitioners are to have a significant impact on health inequities. The effects of practitioner bias, prejudice, and discrimination on health and health outcomes have been well documented in the literature. Individuals being trained to provide health care will be entering into an increasingly diverse world and must be equipped with the appropriate knowledge and skills in order to meet the needs of those seeking their care...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849283/social-repercussions-experienced-by-elderly-with-venous-ulcer
#14
Aline Cristiane de Sousa Azevedo Aguiar, Dora Sadigursky, Lucas Amaral Martins, Tânia Maria de Oliva Menezes, Alana Libânia de Souza Santos, Luana Araújo Dos Reis
Objective: Understand the social consequences experienced by elderly affected by venous ulcers. Methodology: descriptive and exploratory study with a qualitative approach carried out in 2012 with eight participants at a physiotherapy clinic in the state of Bahia. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed through Bardin's thematic content analysis. Results: They showed that elderly patients with venous leg ulcers have become victims of prejudice, discrimination and have experienced embarrassment and shame in their daily routines because of the chronic wounds in their bodies, which makes than different from other people...
October 31, 2016: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845485/physician-assisted-suicide-and-clinical-vulnerability-a-slippery-slope
#15
F Monacelli, M Martini, P Odetti, R Ciliberti
AIMS: The Belgian case of a 24 years' woman affected by resistant depression, who obtained the legal right to assisted suicide rehearsed ethical issues. From the famous Chabot case of the Dutch court in 1994, accumulating legal evidence indicates that the unbearable psychiatric suffering may be equate to the physical struggle of end of life patients. The Belgian law has addressed assisted suicide as an option in case of unbearable psychic suffering with no future prospective. DESIGN: It is unlikely that the practice of euthanasia may be mechanistically reduced to the provision of a suicide as alleviating the burden of suffering in depression is a long life commitment; moreover, the principle of patient's self determination and autonomy is highly debatable: the closure to the future, the hopelessness and the suicidal ideation represent per se core features of depression...
September 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835992/the-evolving-world-of-pseudoenzymes-proteins-prejudice-and-zombies
#16
Patrick A Eyers, James M Murphy
Pseudoenzymes are catalytically deficient variants of enzymes that are represented in all major enzyme families. Their regulatory functions in signalling pathways are shedding new light on the non-catalytic functions of active enzymes, and are suggesting new ways to target cellular signalling mechanisms with drugs.
November 11, 2016: BMC Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834488/associations-of-bisexual-specific-minority-stress-and-health-among-cisgender-and-transgender-adults-with-bisexual-orientation
#17
Sabra L Katz-Wise, Ethan H Mereish, Julie Woulfe
Among sexual minorities, bisexuals are at the greatest risk for poor health due in part to prejudice and stigma. This research examined associations of bisexual-specific minority stress and health among cisgender (non-transgender) and transgender adults with bisexual orientation. Participants were 488 adults (378 cisgender women, 49 cisgender men, 61 transgender individuals), age 18 to 66 years, with bisexual orientation based on identity and/or attractions to multiple genders. Participants completed an online survey...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831711/what-do-older-people-think-that-others-think-of-them-and-does-it-matter-the-role-of-meta-perceptions-and-social-norms-in-the-prediction-of-perceived-age-discrimination
#18
Christin-Melanie Vauclair, Maria Luísa Lima, Dominic Abrams, Hannah J Swift, Christopher Bratt
Psychological theories of aging highlight the importance of social context. However, very little research has distinguished empirically between older people's perception of how others in their social context perceive them (personal meta-perceptions) and the shared perceptions in society (societal meta-perceptions). Drawing on theories of intergroup relations and stereotyping and using a multilevel perspective, this article examines how well older people's perceptions of age discrimination (PAD) are predicted by (a) older people's personal meta-perceptions, (b) societal meta-perceptions, and (c) social norms of intolerance toward age prejudice...
November 2016: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819435/far-from-fairness-prejudice-skin-color-and-psychological-functioning-in-asian-americans
#19
Alisia G T T Tran, Hsiu-Lan Cheng, Jason D Netland, Elisa R Miyake
Objectives: We explored the moderating role of observed skin color in the association between prejudice and concurrent and lagged psychological functioning (i.e., depression, ingroup/outgroup psychological connectedness). We further aimed to understand gender differences in these processes. Method: Data from 821 Asian American undergraduate students (57.5% female and 42.5% male) were drawn from the National Longitudinal Survey of Freshman. Cross-sectional and longitudinal regression-based moderation models were conducted with PROCESS 2...
November 7, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811289/challenges-in-engaging-parents-in-the-drug-and-alcohol-treatment-the-professionals-perspective
#20
Evdokia Misouridou, Danai Papadatou
Addiction treatment centers often fail to involve families in treatment. The aim of the present study was to explore the challenges that Greek mental health professionals encounter in their work with parents of drug and alcohol abusers. A qualitative study design was adopted, and five focus group discussions were conducted with 27 drug and alcohol professionals. The thematic analysis of their accounts revealed the key difficulties that professionals encounter in their collaboration with parents that included parental lack of involvement or over-engagement in treatment, unrealistic expectations, ambivalence or opposition to change, ethical dilemmas, and alliance issues, as well as collaboration challenges among therapists...
November 2, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
keyword
keyword
73195
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"