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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471518/differences-between-supportive-music-and-imagery-and-music-listening-during-outpatient-chemotherapy-and-potential-moderators-of-treatment-effects
#1
Debra S Burns, Anthony N Meadows, Sandra Althouse, Susan M Perkins, Larry D Cripe
Background: Supportive music and imagery and music listening interventions have been effective in decreasing distress and improving mood in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, but it is unclear whether the two interventions differ in their treatment benefits. Furthermore, previous studies have not examined moderators to determine which subgroup(s) of patients may benefit most from each intervention. Objective: To examine the effects of supportive music and imagery compared with preferred music listening on responsiveness to music therapy, distress, anxiety and depression, and benefit finding...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471505/involvement-of-cholinesterases-in-oxidative-stress-induced-by-chlorpyrifos-in-the-brain-of-japanese-quail
#2
D Cupic Miladinovic, S Borozan, S Ivanovic
Chlorpyrifos is a widely used organophosphate pesticide (OP). In birds and mammals OP exhibits a toxic effect via inhibition of cholinesterases [acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE)] and through oxidative/nitrosative stress. In this study, the influence of chlorpyrifos on cholinesterase activity, parameters of oxidative stress [malondialdehyde (MDA); glutathione (GSH); superoxide dismutase (SOD); nitrite concentration (NO2-); hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)], and inflammatory parameter [activity of myeloperoxidase (MPO)] in the brain of Japanese quail (Coturnix japanica) was examined...
February 19, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471501/contemporary-ecological-interactions-improve-models-of-past-trait-evolution
#3
Matthew C Hutchinson, Marília P Gaiarsa, Daniel B Stouffer
Despite the fact that natural selection underlies both traits and interactions, evolutionary models often neglect that ecological interactions may, and in many cases do, influence the evolution of traits. Here, we explore the interdependence of ecological interactions and functional traits in the pollination associations of hawkmoths and flowering plants. Specifically, we develop an adaptation of the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck model of trait evolution that allows us to study the influence of plant corolla depth and observed hawkmoth-plant interactions on the evolution of hawkmoth proboscis length...
February 20, 2018: Systematic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471401/influence-of-tree-size-and-application-rate-on-expression-of-thiamethoxam-in-citrus-and-its-efficacy-against-diaphorina-citri-hemiptera-liviidae
#4
K W Langdon, R Schumann, L L Stelinski, M E Rogers
Neonicotinoids are a key group of insecticides used to manage Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Liviidae), in Florida citrus. Diaphorina citri is the vector of Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus, the presumed causal agent of huanglongbing, a worldwide disease of citrus. A two-season field study was conducted to evaluate the effect of tree size and application rate on the expression of thiamethoxam in young citrus following application to the soil. D. citri adult and nymph abundance was also correlated with thiamethoxam titer in leaves...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471380/dysarthria-in-mandarin-speaking-children-with-cerebral-palsy-speech-subsystem-profiles
#5
Li-Mei Chen, Katherine C Hustad, Ray D Kent, Yu Ching Lin
Purpose: This study explored the speech characteristics of Mandarin-speaking children with cerebral palsy (CP) and typically developing (TD) children to determine (a) how children in the 2 groups may differ in their speech patterns and (b) the variables correlated with speech intelligibility for words and sentences. Method: Data from 6 children with CP and a clinical diagnosis of moderate dysarthria were compared with data from 9 TD children using a multiple speech subsystems approach...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471378/communicative-function-use-of-preschoolers-and-mothers-from-differing-racial-and-socioeconomic-groups
#6
Danai Kasambira Fannin, Oscar A Barbarin, Elizabeth R Crais
Purpose: This study explores whether communicative function (CF: reasons for communicating) use differs by socioeconomic status (SES), race/ethnicity, or gender among preschoolers and their mothers. Method: Mother-preschooler dyads (N = 95) from the National Center for Early Development and Learning's (2005) study of family and social environments were observed during 1 structured learning and free-play interaction. CFs were coded by trained independent raters. Results: Children used all CFs at similar rates, but those from low SES homes produced fewer utterances and less reasoning, whereas boys used less self-maintaining and more predicting...
February 22, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471348/sexual-dimorphism-of-resting-state-network-connectivity-in-healthy-ageing
#7
Sharna D Jamadar, Francesco Sforazzini, Parnesh Raniga, Nicholas J Ferris, Bryan Paton, Michael J Bailey, Amy Brodtmann, Paul A Yates, Geoffrey A Donnan, Stephanie A Ward, Robyn L Woods, Elsdon Storey, John J McNeil, Gary F Egan
Objectives: The onset of many illnesses is confounded with age and sex. Increasing age is a risk factor for the development of many illnesses, and sexual dimorphism influences brain anatomy, function, and cognition. Here, we examine frequency-specific connectivity in resting-state networks in a large sample (n = 406) of healthy aged adults. Method: We quantify frequency-specific connectivity in three resting-state networks known to be implicated in age-related decline: the default mode, dorsal attention, and salience networks, using multiband functional magnetic resonance imaging...
February 17, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471320/cover-crop-species-and-management-influence-predatory-arthropods-and-predation-in-an-organically-managed-reduced-tillage-cropping-system
#8
Ariel N Rivers, Christina A Mullen, Mary E Barbercheck
Agricultural practices affect arthropod communities and, therefore, have the potential to influence the activities of arthropods. We evaluated the effect of cover crop species and termination timing on the activity of ground-dwelling predatory arthropods in a corn-soybean-wheat rotation in transition to organic production in Pennsylvania, United States. We compared two cover crop treatments: 1) hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth) planted together with triticale (×Triticosecale Wittmack) after wheat harvest, and 2) cereal rye (Secale cereale Linnaeus) planted after corn harvest...
January 29, 2018: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471206/state-trait-anxiety-levels-during-pregnancy-and-foetal-parameters-following-intervention-with-music-therapy
#9
J Garcia-Gonzalez, M I Ventura-Miranda, M Requena-Mullor, T Parron-Carreño, R Alarcon-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that anxiety during pregnancy may be a risk factor for the development of alterations in the mental health of the pregnant woman and of obstetric complications. OBJECTIVE: to investigate the effect of music therapy on maternal anxiety, before and after a non-stress test (NST), and the effect of maternal anxiety on the birthing process and birth size. METHODS: 409 nulliparous women coming for routine prenatal care were randomized in the third trimester to receive either music therapy (n = 204) or no music therapy (n = 205) during an NST...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471066/a-pharmacokinetic-study-on-lapatinib-in-type-2-diabetic-rats
#10
Agnieszka Karbownik, Edyta Szałek, Katarzyna Sobańska, Agnieszka Klupczynska, Szymon Plewa, Tomasz Grabowski, Anna Wolc, Marta Moch, Zenon J Kokot, Edmund Grześkowiak
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a complex metabolic disorder which affects the function of numerous tissues and alters the pharmacokinetic parameters of many drugs. As many oncological patients are diabetics, it is important to determine the influence of this chronic disease on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of anticancer drugs. Lapatinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), approved for the treatment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive metastatic breast cancer...
September 18, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470972/influence-of-nasal-tear-osmolarity-on-ocular-symptoms-related-to-dry-eye-disease
#11
Ho Chul Yi, Yoon Pyo Lee, Young Joo Shin
PURPOSE: To investigate relationships between local tear osmolarity and tear film characteristics and dry eye disease (DED) symptoms. DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional, observational study. METHODS: Nasal and temporal tear osmolarity were measured in subjects with DED. The difference between nasal and temporal tears (OSM difference) was then calculated. Ocular symptoms were evaluated and tear break-up time (TBUT), corneal fluorescein staining score (CFSS), eyelid hyperemia, and tear production were measured...
February 19, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470931/the-need-for-sustainability-and-alignment-of-future-support-for-national-immunization-technical-advisory-groups-nitags-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#12
Natasha Howard, Sadie Bell, Helen Walls, Laurence Blanchard, Logan Brenzel, Mark Jit, Sandra Mounier-Jack
National Immunisation Technical Advisory Groups (NITAGs) provide independent guidance to health ministries to support evidence-based and nationally relevant immunisation decisions. We examined NITAGs' value, sustainability, and need for support in low and middle-income countries, drawing from a mixed-methods study including 130 global and national-level key informant interviews. NITAGs were particularly valued for providing independent and nationally owned evidence-based decision-making (EBDM), but needed to be integrated within national processes to effectively balance independence and influence...
February 22, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470728/fecal-incontinence-after-transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery
#13
Matas Jakubauskas, Valdemaras Jotautas, Eligijus Poskus, Saulius Mikalauskas, Gintare Valeikaite-Tauginiene, Kestutis Strupas, Tomas Poskus
PURPOSE: Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) procedure could potentially influence the development of fecal incontinence later in life. The aim of our study was to assess long-term functional outcomes after TEM and to determine possible variables related to incontinence. METHODS: Patients, enrolled in a prospectively collected TEM operation database, were interviewed using a postal questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of EuroQol (EQ)-5D-5L quality of life questionnaire, Wexner fecal incontinence grading scale, and additional questions about other perianal operations and obstetric history for women...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470636/migration-background-and-childhood-overweight-in-the-hannover-region-in-2010-2014-a-population-based-secondary-data-analysis-of-school-entry-examinations
#14
Yusheng Zhou, Thomas von Lengerke, Ulla Walter, Maren Dreier
Overweight and obesity constitute a global epidemic with rates that are increasing rapidly in children. The aim of the present study was to examine ethnic differences in the prevalence of overweight in pre-school children in a multicultural context. Data were collected from a compulsory school entry examination in the Hannover Region, Germany (n = 50,716) from 2010 to 2014. The prevalence of overweight (including pre-obesity and obesity status) and obesity was estimated using a German national reference...
February 22, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470318/cesarean-section-on-the-risk-of-celiac-disease-in-the-offspring-the-teddy-study
#15
Sibylle Koletzko, Hye-Seung Lee, Andreas Beyerlein, Carin A Aronsson, Michael Hummel, Edwin Liu, Ville Simell, Kalle Kurppa, Åke Lernmark, William Hagopian, Marian Rewers, Jin-Xiong She, Olli Simell, Jorma Toppari, Anette-G Ziegler, Jeffrey Krischer, Daniel Agardh
OBJECTIVE: Cesarean section (C-section) is associated with various immune-mediated diseases in the offspring. We investigated the relationship between mode of delivery and celiac disease (CD) and CD autoimmunity (CDA) in a multinational birth cohort. METHODS: From 2004 to 2010, infants from the general population who tested positive for HLA DR3-DQ2 or DR4-DQ8 were enrolled in The Environmental Determinants for Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study. Children were annually screened for transglutaminase autoantibodies, if positive, they are retested after 3 to 6 months and those persistently positive defined as CDA...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470277/does-duration-of-pain-at-baseline-influence-clinical-outcomes-of-low-back-pain-patients-managed-on-an-evidence-based-pathway
#16
Mary-Anne Jess, Ryan Cormac, Sharon Hamilton, Shaun Wellburn, Greg Atkinson, Charles Greenough, Andrew Coxon, Diarmaid Ferguson, Francis Fatoye, John Dickson, Andrea Jones, Denis Martin
Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text STUDY DESIGN.: Longitudinal observational study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the duration of pain at baseline and the clinical outcomes of patients with low back pain (LBP) enrolled on the North East of England Regional Back Pain and Radicular Pain Pathway (NERBPP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The NERBPP is a clinical pathway based upon NICE guidelines (2009) for LBP of <1-year duration...
February 21, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470138/tracking-nemo-help-scientists-understand-zebrafish-behavior
#17
Tyrone J Tolbert, Shinnosuke Nakayama, Maurizio Porfiri
The advent of automated tracking software has significantly reduced the time required to record movement trajectories, thereby facilitating behavioral studies of zebrafish. However, results are substantially influenced by tracking errors, such as loss and misidentification of individuals. In this study, we present the development of an online citizen science platform, Tracking Nemo, to improve data accuracy on swimming trajectories of zebrafish groups. As an online extension of software for tracking the position of zebrafish from video recordings, Tracking Nemo offers volunteers the opportunity to contribute to science by manually correcting tracked trajectory data from their personal computers...
February 22, 2018: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470126/law-accommodating-nonmotorized-road-users-and-pedestrian-fatalities-in-florida-1975-to-2013
#18
Jamila M Porter, Stephen L Rathbun, Shenée J Bryan, Katie Arseniadis, Lauren P Caldwell, Phaedra S Corso, Joel M Lee, Marsha Davis
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of Florida's adoption of Statute 335.065-a law requiring the routine accommodation of nonmotorized road users (i.e., a "Complete Streets" policy)-on pedestrian fatalities and to identify factors influencing its implementation. METHODS: We used a multimethod design (interrupted time-series quasi-experiment and interviews) to calculate Florida's pedestrian fatality rates from 1975 to 2013-39 quarters before and 117 quarters after adoption of the law...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470124/storage-practices-of-us-gun-owners-in-2016
#19
Cassandra K Crifasi, Mitchell L Doucette, Emma E McGinty, Daniel W Webster, Colleen L Barry
OBJECTIVES: To examine gun storage practices and factors influencing those practices among gun owners. METHODS: We conducted a nationally representative online survey of US gun owners (n = 1444) in 2016 to assess gun storage practices and attitudes, factors influencing storage practices, and groups that might effectively communicate regarding safe storage. We generated descriptive statistics by using cross-tabulations and used logistic regression to estimate characteristics that influenced safe storage practices...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469664/mentalization-in-adolescents-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-comparison-with-healthy-controls
#20
Jeremy Quek, Glenn A Melvin, Clair Bennett, Michael S Gordon, Naysun Saeedi, Louise K Newman
Mentalization is proposed to underlie the disturbed interpersonal relatedness that is a hallmark of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Despite growing evidence of BPD in adolescents, studies examining mentalization in relation to adolescent BPD have remained limited. Given contradictory findings of this relationship, particularly with adults, further research of mentalization in adolescents with BPD is warranted. The current study further clarifies the nature of mentalizing impairments, related to BPD, by examining different aspects of mentalization between adolescents with BPD (n = 26) and a group of healthy controls (n = 25)...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Personality Disorders
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