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Social Psychology of Emotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650777/a-transdiagnostic-examination-of-decreased-intolerance-of-uncertainty-and-treatment-outcome
#1
Kimberly Stevens, Travis Rogers, Moselle Campbell, Thröstur Björgvinsson, Sarah Kertz
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) is characterized by negative beliefs and reactions to uncertainty. IU is present in emotional disorders and may be a mechanism of change in treatment . There are two components of IU, prospective and inhibitory IU, that may be differentially associated with outcome. The current study tested associations between pre- and post-treatment changes in the components of IU, symptoms of anxiety and depression, and treatment outcome in a large diagnostically heterogeneous partial hospital sample...
June 26, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650737/premenstrual-symptom-patterns-and-behavioral-risk-factors-in-young-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Felicia A Quintana-Zinn, Brian W Whitcomb, Alayne G Ronnenberg, Carol Bigelow, Serena C Houghton, Elizabeth R Bertone-Johnson
BACKGROUND: Approximately 80% of reproductive age women experience physical or emotional symptoms before onset of menses. Of these women, ∼20% experience symptoms severe enough to interfere with social functioning and life activities, and meet clinical criteria for premenstrual syndrome (PMS). More than 100 different symptoms are associated with PMS. Symptom groupings tend to be stable within an individual, but vary distinctly between women. Potential differences in the etiology of symptoms suggest that PMS may have subtypes that represent distinct entities...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648108/an-italian-contribution-to-the-study-of-the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-trait-meta-mood-scale
#3
Luciano Giromini, Maíra Stivaleti Colombarolli, Emanuela Brusadelli, Alessandro Zennaro
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) is a field of study that is receiving increasingly attention in the literature, due to its relevance to a series of aspects of human psychological and social functioning. AIMS: This study used archival data from an Italian sample encompassing 885 nonclinical adults, to contribute to the study of the validity and reliability of the Trait Meta Mood-Scale (TMMS), a widely used measure of self-perceived EI. METHOD: Statistical analyses focused on internal consistency, factor structure and concurrent validity of an Italian TMMS version...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647310/effect-of-a-web-based-positive-psychology-intervention-on-prenatal-well-being-a-case-series-study
#4
Giulia Corno, Ernestina Etchemendy, Macarena Espinoza, Rocío Herrero, Guadalupe Molinari, Alba Carrillo, Constance Drossaert, Rosa Maria Baños
BACKGROUND: Detrimental effects of women's negative feelings during pregnancy have been extensively examined and documented, but research on the influence of positive feelings and protective factors on their prenatal mental health is scarce. Evidence from the positive psychology field has shown that practicing some brief positive exercises, called positive psychology interventions, can maximize well-being by increasing positive emotions, engagement, and meaning. AIM: The aim of this study is to examine the effect of a positive psychology web-based intervention on indices of women's prenatal well-being...
June 21, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637605/-i-need-to-do-another-course-italian-physiotherapists-knowledge-and-beliefs-when-assessing-psychosocial-factors-in-patients-presenting-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#5
Giacomo Zangoni, Oliver P Thomson
OBJECTIVES: Psychosocial factors play an important role in the development and subsequent recovery of individuals suffering from chronic low back pain (CLBP). The study explored physiotherapists' personal beliefs and knowledge about the biopsychosocial model and the different ways they assess and manage psychosocial factors in patients presenting with CLBP. METHODS: Qualitative research design using semi-structured interviews and a constructivist grounded theory approach to data collection and analysis...
February 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636896/early-maladaptive-schemas-of-emotional-deprivation-social-isolation-shame-and-abandonment-are-related-to-a-history-of-suicide-attempts-among-patients-with-major-depressive-disorders
#6
Mohammad Ahmadpanah, Sommayyeh Astinsadaf, Amineh Akhondi, Mohammad Haghighi, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Marzieh Nazaribadie, Leila Jahangard, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
BACKGROUND: Patients with psychiatric disorders have an exceptionally high risk of completed or attempted suicide. This holds particularly true for patients with major depressive disorders. The aim of the present study was to explore whether patients with major depressive disorders (MDD) and a history of suicide attempts differed in their early maladaptive schemas from patients with MDD but without such a history or from healthy controls. METHOD: Ninety participants took part in the study...
June 18, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635432/psychological-resilience-in-people-experiencing-schizophrenia-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviours
#7
Patricia Ann Gooding, Donna Littlewood, Rebecca Owen, Judith Johnson, Nick Tarrier
BACKGROUND: Negative stressors can aggravate the impact of schizophrenia. However, some people find ways of combating such stressors. There is a dearth of research examining factors which enable individuals with schizophrenia to show psychological resilience. AIMS: The goal of this study was to investigate resilience to negative stressors in people with disorders on the schizophrenia spectrum using a qualitative methodology. METHODS: Data were collected from 23 participants who had experienced schizophrenia and suicidal thoughts and behaviours...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635351/assessing-the-quality-of-bereavement-care-after-perinatal-death-development-and-piloting-of-a-questionnaire-to-assess-parents-experiences
#8
Esther Aiyelaagbe, Rebecca E Scott, Victoria Holmes, Emma Lane, Alexander E P Heazell
Understanding parents' experience of care is essential to develop high-quality perinatal bereavement services. This study aimed at developing a questionnaire to identify parents' needs and record their experience of care. The patient experience questionnaire was developed by professionals and parents, and piloted in a tertiary maternity unit. Responses were received from 58 parents. Sensitivity and kindness of staff and time spent with their baby were ranked as 'very important' by 95% of parents. Care in these areas largely met their needs (90%), although 5% of respondents stated that partners could have been more involved...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634371/factors-related-to-good-asthma-control-using-different-medical-adherence-scales-in-latvian-asthma-patients-an-observational-study
#9
Dins Smits, Girts Brigis, Jana Pavare, Baiba Maurina, Noël Christopher Barengo
One of the main challenges in asthma control is adherence to pharmaceutical treatment. The aim of this study was to test the association between adherence to asthma medication, control and medical beliefs, cognitive and emotional perceptions using three different validated questionnaires. Beliefs about asthma medicine, cognitive and emotional factors were determined in a cross-sectional survey of patients attending outpatient pulmonologist practices in Latvia (n = 352). The validated Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire and the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire were used...
June 20, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632746/body-part-compatibility-effects-are-modulated-by-the-tendency-for-women-to-experience-negative-social-comparative-emotions-and-the-body-type-of-the-model
#10
Eva Pila, Kimberely Jovanov, Timothy N Welsh, Catherine M Sabiston
Although exposure to physique-salient media images of women's bodies has been consistently linked with negative psychological consequences, little is known about the cognitive processes that lead to these negative effects. The present study employed a novel adaptation of a computerized response time (RT) task to (i) assess implicit cognitive processing when exposed to the body of another individual, and (ii) examine individual differences in social comparative emotions that may influence the cognitive processing of human bodies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631389/to-stand-back-or-step-in-exploring-the-responses-of-employees-who-observe-workplace-bullying
#11
Sarah MacCurtain, Caroline Murphy, Michelle O'Sullivan, Juliet MacMahon, Tom Turner
Bullying remains a pervasive problem in healthcare, and evidence suggests systems in place are not utilised due to perceptions of ineffectiveness and inequity. This study examines bystander responses to bullying and factors that influence decisions to intervene. We explore relationships between bystanders' perceptions of psychological safety across three levels (organisation, supervisor and colleague) and reactions to witnessing bullying. We suggest psychological safety would be positively associated with the decision to intervene...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630532/first-impressions-from-faces
#12
Leslie A Zebrowitz
Although cultural wisdom warns 'don't judge a book by its cover,' we seem unable to inhibit this tendency even though it can produce inaccurate impressions of people's psychological traits and has significant social consequences. One explanation for this paradox is that first impressions of faces overgeneralize our adaptive impressions of categories of people that those faces resemble (including babies, familiar or unfamiliar people, unfit people, emotional people). Research testing these 'overgeneralization' hypotheses elucidates why we form first impressions from faces, what impressions we form, and what cues influence these impressions...
June 2017: Current Directions in Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628899/correlates-of-child-abuse-potential-among-african-american-and-latina-mothers-a-developmental-ecological-perspective
#13
Adriana Espinosa, Lesia M Ruglass, Naomi Dambreville, Alina Shevorykin, Ron Nicholson, Kelly M Sykes
The child victimization rate in the US has rapidly grown over the past five years. Today, nine out of every 1000 children are victims of some type of child maltreatment, and lifetime costs of child victimization exceed $100 billion per year. Effective policies promoting fairness and child safety must target the most salient indicators of child maltreatment. In this study, we examined three groups of risk factors for child abuse potential with the goal of identifying the most prominent indicators in a sample of 170 African-American and Latina mothers...
June 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627898/subjective-reactions-to-international-research-participation-an-illustration-of-ethical-considerations-with-women-heading-households-in-sri-lanka
#14
Jessica E Lambert, Alyssa Banford Witting, Lakmal Ponnamperuma, Thulitha Wickrama
here are unique ethical considerations in conducting international research with war and disaster-affected populations that are important for ensuring adequate protection of participants. Of particular importance is the distress that participants may experience as a result of being asked about traumatic stressors, psychological symptoms, and life problems. In this study, trauma-affected Tamil women in Eastern Sri Lanka were asked to report on their research-participation experience after taking part in a larger study on risk and resiliency...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624675/relationship-between-cognitive-emotion-regulation-social-support-resilience-and-acute-stress-responses-in-chinese-soldiers-exploring-multiple-mediation-model
#15
Wen-Peng Cai, Yu Pan, Shui-Miao Zhang, Cun Wei, Wei Dong, Guang-Hui Deng
The current study aimed to explore the association of cognitive emotion regulation, social support, resilience and acute stress responses in Chinese soldiers and to understand the multiple mediation effects of social support and resilience on the relationship between cognitive emotion regulation and acute stress responses. A total of 1477 male soldiers completed mental scales, including the cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire-Chinese version, the perceived social support scale, the Chinese version of the Connor-Davidson resilience scale, and the military acute stress scale...
June 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623442/counseling-interventions-delivered-in-women-with-breast-cancer-to-improve-health-related-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
V D'Egidio, C Sestili, M Mancino, I Sciarra, R Cocchiara, I Backhaus, A Mannocci, Alessandro De Luca, Federico Frusone, Massimo Monti, G La Torre
BACKGROUND: Higher survival rates for breast cancer patients have led to concerns in dealing with short- and long-term side effects. The most common complications are impairment of shoulder functions, pain, lymphedema, and dysesthesia of the injured arm; psychological consequences concern: emotional distress, anxiety, and depression, thereby, deeply impacting/affecting daily living activity, and health-related quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review for assessing the efficacy or effectiveness of interventions aiming at improving health-related quality of life, return to daily activity, and correct lifestyles among breast cancer patients...
June 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622282/towards-a-neurobiological-understanding-of-alexithymia
#17
REVIEW
Nicolás Meza-Concha, Marcelo Arancibia, Felicia Salas, Rosa Behar, Germán Salas, Hernán Silva, Rocío Escobar
Although the specialized literature on the etiology of alexithymia is controversial, neurobiological research has shown relevant advances. The aim of this review is to analyze the available evidence regarding the neurophysiological bases of alexithymia. A comprehensive review of available articles from Medline/PubMed, EBSCO and SciELO was conducted. Previously, alexithymia was linked to a reduced interhemispheric brain connection. From a childhood traumatic perspective, the right prefrontal cortex and the default mode network would experience alterations, first hypermetabolic (dopaminergic and glutamatergic dysregulation) and then hypometabolic-dissociative (serotonergic and opioid dysregulation), resulting in a distorted interoceptive and emotional awareness...
May 29, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617373/-a-psychological-content-of-social-phobia-syndrome
#18
O A Sagalakova, D V Truevtsev, I Ya Stoyanova
AIM: To perform a psychological analysis of social phobia syndrome. The subject area of research is the structure of mental activity and behavior in social activity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 32 patients with symptoms of social phobia (ICD-10 F40.1) and 29 healthy people (controls). A complex of psychological methods (questionnaires; pathopsychological experiment) was used. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Early maladaptive schemes and a tendency to mental rigidity can be a premorbid basis of the syndrome...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617102/predictors-of-well-being-in-the-lives-of-student-service-members-and-veterans
#19
Sarah Krill Williston, Lizabeth Roemer
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined predictors of well-being, including quality of life and academic engagement, in a sample of student service members and veteran college students. METHODS: Eighty-seven student service members/ veterans (SSM/V) completed an online survey containing questions about post-deployment social support, emotion regulation skills, psychological distress, academic engagement, quality of life, and demographics. Participants were recruited from September 2012 through May 2014...
June 15, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617048/developmental-patterns-of-child-emotion-dysregulation-as-predicted-by-serotonin-transporter-genotype-and-parenting
#20
Amanda N Noroña, Irene Tung, Steve S Lee, Jan Blacher, Keith A Crnic, Bruce L Baker
Individual differences in emotion regulation are central to social, academic, occupational, and psychological development, and emotion dysregulation (ED) in childhood is a risk factor for numerous developmental outcomes. The present study aimed to (a) describe the developmental trajectory of ED across early childhood (3-6 years) and (b) examine its sensitivity to youth serotonin transporter genotype, positive and negative parenting behaviors, and their interaction. Participants were 99 families in the Collaborative Family Study, a longitudinal study of children with or without developmental delays...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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