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Social Psychology of Emotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318434/perceived-barriers-to-following-dietary-recommendations-in-hypertensive-patients
#1
Reza Mahdavi, Azadeh Bagheri Asl, Mohammad Asghari Jafar Abadi, Nazli Namazi
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension (HTN) is one of the most important public health problems in the world. Lifestyle modification including dietary changes such as following the Dietary to Stop Hypertension (DASH) plan is the first step to control HTN. The aim of the present study was to identify perceived barriers to following dietary recommendations in hypertensive patients in Zanjan, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 200 outpatients (161 women, 39 men) with essential HTN (systolic blood pressure [SBP] ≥ 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure [DBP] ≥ 90 mmHg) were recruited from August to November 2012...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299792/life-experience-of-the-adult-and-ageing-patient-with-haemophilia-practical-aspects-for-psychological-support
#2
REVIEW
A Torres-Ortuño, R Cid-Sabatel, J Barbero, M García-Dasí
This article discusses, from a psychological perspective, the life experience of the adult and ageing person with haemophilia, including psychological issues, aspects of his personal and social integration, decision-making, communication and other factors that may affect treatment adherence and quality of life. The aim was to provide haematologists and healthcare staff with knowledge and resources to improve communication and support for adult persons with haemophilia, and raise awareness on psychosocial issues related to quality of life, sexuality and aspects associated with ageing with haemophilia...
March 15, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298251/impact-of-psychological-health-on-peripheral-endothelial-function-and-the-hpa-axis-activity-in-healthy-adolescents
#3
Yun Chen, Walter Osika, Frida Dangardt, Peter Friberg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The development of adolescence psychological health over a 3-year period and its relationship to peripheral endothelial function and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis activity were examined in a cohort of healthy adolescents in a longitudinal study. METHODS: A total of 162 adolescents (94 females) participated in both baseline (mean age 14.5 ± 1 years) and three-year follow-up studies. Psychological health was evaluated by self-report using the Beck Youth Inventories of Emotional and Social Impairment and the psychosomatic problem scale...
March 9, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290062/understanding-negative-self-evaluations-in-borderline-personality-disorder-a-review-of-self-related-cognitions-emotions-and-motives
#4
REVIEW
Dorina Winter, Martin Bohus, Stefanie Lis
Self-conscious emotions, such as guilt, shame, or self-disgust, as well as self-related motives, such as self-enhancement or self-verification, influence how people perceive, evaluate, memorize, and respond to self-related information. They not only influence peoples' concepts of themselves but may also affect their behavior in social environments. In the current review, we describe alterations of self-related processing in borderline personality disorder (BPD). We chose BPD as an example of a mental disorder of which impairments in self-functioning and identity constitute a major feature...
March 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286196/-coping-skills-are-associated-with-gastrointestinal-symptom-severity-and-somatization-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#5
Katarina Wilpart, Hans Törnblom, Jan Svedlund, Jan F Tack, Magnus Simrén, Lukas Van Oudenhove
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Coping resources and processes are altered in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We investigated the relationship between coping resources and gastrointestinal (GI) and extra-intestinal symptom severity in patients with IBS as well as potential mediators of this relationship. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 216 patients with IBS attending a secondary/tertiary care specialized outpatient center in Sweden from 2003 through 2007...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281669/heart-rate-variability-indicates-emotional-value-during-pro-social-economic-laboratory-decisions-with-large-external-validity
#6
Jonas Fooken
The present study investigates the external validity of emotional value measured in economic laboratory experiments by using a physiological indicator of stress, heart rate variability (HRV). While there is ample evidence supporting the external validity of economic experiments, there is little evidence comparing the magnitude of internal levels of emotional stress during decision making with external stress. The current study addresses this gap by comparing the magnitudes of decision stress experienced in the laboratory with the stress from outside the laboratory...
March 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280318/the-relationship-between-the-spiritual-attitude-of-the-family-caregivers-of-older-patients-with-stroke-and-their-burden
#7
Razieh Torabi Chafjiri, Nasrin Navabi, Abbas Shamsalinia, Fatemeh Ghaffari
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is a chronic condition that necessitates multidimensional and overwhelming care. The caregivers of stroke patients are faced with various stressors that can threaten different aspects of their health, especially their mental health. Spiritual attitude and being spiritually oriented contribute significantly to mental health and can be used as a strategy for adapting to the stressful events that are part of the role of caregiving. This study was therefore conducted to investigate the relationship between the spiritual attitude of the family caregivers of older patients with stroke and their burden...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279394/validation-and-application-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-10-item-connor-davidson-resilience-scale-cd-risc-10-among-parents-of-children-with-cancer-diagnosis
#8
Zeng Jie Ye, Hong Zhong Qiu, Peng Fei Li, Peng Chen, Mu Zi Liang, Mei Ling Liu, Yuan Liang Yu, Shu Ni Wang, Xiao Ming Quan
PURPOSE: Parents of children diagnosed with cancer often experience considerable emotional distress for their children with negative emotions, such as disbelief, depression, anxiety, hope and shock. Resilience is defined as the psychological characteristics that promote positive adaptation in the face of stress and adversity, which has been demonstrated to relate to positive coping and less psychological distress. Thus, a quick screening tool to evaluate the levels of resilience of parents with cancer-diagnosed children is urgently required...
April 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278738/evidence-for-a-relationship-between-trait-gratitude-and-prosocial-behaviour
#9
Rachel Yost-Dubrow, Yarrow Dunham
Prosocial behaviour towards unrelated others is communally beneficial but can be individually costly. The emotion of gratitude mitigates this cost by encouraging direct as well as "upstream" reciprocity, thereby facilitating cooperation. A widely used method for measuring trait gratitude is the Gratitude Questionnaire (GQ6) [McCullough, M., Emmons, R., & Tsang, J. (2002). The grateful disposition: A conceptual and empirical topography. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 112-127. Retrieved from http://dx...
February 16, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277482/the-role-of-prosthesis-spacer-for-ocular-prostheses
#10
Luiza Alencar De Andrade Figueiredo, Aline Araújo Sampaio, Samilly Evangelista Souza, Fernando José Rigolin Ferreira, Edmur Pereira Buzzá, Celia Marisa Rizzatti-Barbosa
Eye defects can lead to emotional, psychological, and social changes, impacting negatively the quality of life of the patient. When these structures cannot be satisfactorily repaired by reconstructive surgery, the prosthetic rehabilitation is the better treatment option to restore lost ocular anatomy and promote the social integration of the individual. The aim of this clinical report is to report and discuss a case of ocular prosthesis confection eviscerated patient with opening limitation eyelid and shortening of the distance between palpebral commissure, to obtain a more natural and comfortable to the patient ocular rehabilitation...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273555/relating-psychological-and-social-factors-to-academic-performance-a-longitudinal-investigation-of-high-poverty-middle-school-students
#11
Yaoran Li, Jeff Allen, Alex Casillas
We investigated the relations between middle school students' psychological factors (academic commitment and emotional control), social perceptions (family involvement and school climate), and academic performance over time. Gender differences in these relations were also examined. Based on a two-year longitudinal data set of 942 middle-school students from a high-poverty district in the United States, we found that all four factors measured in 6th grade were predictive of GPA at the end of the 7th grade above and beyond gender, race, and home intellectual materials...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269378/non-contact-automatic-respiration-monitoring-in-restrained-rodents
#12
Behnaz Rezaei, Jared Lowe, Jason R Yee, Stephen Porges, Sarah Ostadabbas
Prairie voles are socially monogamous rodents that form social bonds similar to those seen in primates. Social behavior investigation in these species, that include studying their breathing regulation, can provide us with an invaluable psychological model to understand social and emotional functions in both animals and humans. There have been several studies associated with the respiratory pattern of these species in the state of fear-induced defense. However, non-invasive measurement methods employed so far suffer from the lack of a natural experiment environment for the rodents...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262176/tools-to-assess-psychological-trauma-its-correlates-in-child-sexual-abuse-a-review-current-needs-in-asia
#13
REVIEW
Sujata Satapathy, Vandana Choudhary, Rajesh Sagar
Absence of visible physical symptoms and limited capacity to express trauma directly, pose significant challenges in assessment of its exact nature of trauma and its correlates in child sexual abuse. There are numerous assessment tools however, deciding upon the appropriateness is often challenging in Asian socio-cultural and health care set up. A review would provide a ready reference to the practioner regarding the exact clinically utility of the tools and also would guide them in the direction of culture specific modifications...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260855/profound-vision-loss-impairs-psychological-well-being-in-young-and-middle-aged-individuals
#14
Giancarlo A Garcia, Matin Khoshnevis, Jesse Gale, Starleen E Frousiakis, Tiffany J Hwang, Lissa Poincenot, Rustum Karanjia, David Baron, Alfredo A Sadun
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of profound vision loss on psychological well-being in adolescents, young adults, and middle-aged adults with regard to mood, interpersonal interactions, and career-related goals. In addition, we assessed the significance of the resources that may be used to enhance psychological well-being in cases of profound vision loss, and in particular, examined the utility of low vision aids and the role of the ophthalmologist as a provider of emotional support...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259055/hypothalamic-tumors-impact-gray-and-white-matter-volumes-in-fronto-limbic-brain-areas
#15
Jale Özyurt, Hermann L Müller, Monika Warmuth-Metz, Christiane M Thiel
Patients with hypothalamic involvement of a sellar/parasellar tumor often suffer from cognitive and social-emotional deficits that a lesion in the hypothalamus cannot fully explain. It is conceivable that these deficits are partly due to distal changes in hypothalamic networks, evolving secondary to a focal lesion. Focusing on childhood-onset craniopharyngioma patients, we aimed at investigating the impact of hypothalamic lesions on gray and white matter areas densely connected to the hypothalamus, and to relate structural changes to neuropsychological deficits frequently observed in patients...
February 3, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258049/using-mobile-sensing-to-test-clinical-models-of-depression-social-anxiety-state-affect-and-social-isolation-among-college-students
#16
Philip I Chow, Karl Fua, Yu Huang, Wesley Bonelli, Haoyi Xiong, Laura E Barnes, Bethany A Teachman
BACKGROUND: Research in psychology demonstrates a strong link between state affect (moment-to-moment experiences of positive or negative emotionality) and trait affect (eg, relatively enduring depression and social anxiety symptoms), and a tendency to withdraw (eg, spending time at home). However, existing work is based almost exclusively on static, self-reported descriptions of emotions and behavior that limit generalizability. Despite adoption of increasingly sophisticated research designs and technology (eg, mobile sensing using a global positioning system [GPS]), little research has integrated these seemingly disparate forms of data to improve understanding of how emotional experiences in everyday life are associated with time spent at home, and whether this is influenced by depression or social anxiety symptoms...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256682/-emotional-dysregulation-and-autism-spectrum-disorders
#17
A Hervas
INTRODUCTION: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neurodevelopmental disorders that affect social communication and present stereotyped behaviours. They exhibit a wide range of phenotypic variability related with the capacity to use language for expression, cognitive skills and psychiatric comorbidities, among others. Psychiatric comorbidity is very frequent in ASD and in many cases it is multiple. Emotional dysregulation is related with ASD and with other psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255120/-psychosocial-factors-of-chronic-hand-eczema
#18
Li Li, Panpan Liu, Ji Li, Hongfu Xie, Yehong Kuang, Jie Li, Juan Su, Wu Zhu
To study the psychosocial factors in patient with chronic hand eczema (CHE).
 Methods: Personality traits, emotional state, and quality of life of 240 patients with CHE and 221 normal control (NC) subjects were assessed by General Questionnaire, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), Self-Rating Anxiety (SAS), and Eczema Quality of Life Scale (EQOLS).
 Results: In comparison, EPQ scores, scores of extraversion (E) factor in patients with CHE were significantly lower than those in NC subjects (P<0...
February 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254464/adra2b-deletion-variant-influences-time-dependent-effects-of-pre-learning-stress-on-long-term-memory
#19
Phillip R Zoladz, Alison M Dailey, Hannah E Nagle, Miranda K Fiely, Brianne E Mosley, Callie M Brown, Tessa J Duffy, Amanda R Scharf, McKenna B Earley, Boyd R Rorabaugh
Extensive work over the past few decades has shown that certain genetic variations interact with life events to confer increased susceptibility for the development of psychological disorders. The deletion variant of the ADRA2B gene, which has been associated with enhanced emotional memory and heightened amygdala responses to emotional stimuli, might confer increased susceptibility for the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or related phenotypes by increasing the likelihood of traumatic memory formation...
February 22, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253905/perceived-stress-and-quality-of-life-of-pharmacy-students-in-university-of-ghana
#20
Adomah Opoku-Acheampong, Irene A Kretchy, Franklin Acheampong, Barima A Afrane, Sharon Ashong, Bernice Tamakloe, Alexander K Nyarko
BACKGROUND: Stress among pharmacy students could greatly affect their learning activities and general well-being. It is therefore necessary to investigate how stress relates with the quality of life of students to maintain and/or improve their personal satisfaction and academic performance. A school-based longitudinal study was used to investigate the relationship between stress and quality of life of undergraduate pharmacy students. The 10-item perceived stress scale and the shorter version of the WHO quality of life scale were administered to the same participants at two time points i...
March 2, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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