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Social Psychology of Emotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150753/psychological-aspects-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
Rajesh Sagar, Tanu Gupta
Childhood obesity is multi factorial health condition, so the simple evaluation of body fat will not be sufficed to manage the global epidemic of childhood obesity. Literature consistently provides evidence for physical health risks associated with childhood obesity; however in recent times, mental health of the obese children has also gained attention of the researchers as well as clinicians. Obese children experience number of psycho-social problems that significantly affect their quality of life and wellbeing...
November 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149850/a-cross-sectional-examination-of-psychological-distress-positive-mental-health-and-their-predictors-in-medical-students-in-their-clinical-clerkships
#2
Inge van Dijk, Peter L B J Lucassen, Chris van Weel, Anne E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: Medical students can experience the transition from theory to clinical clerkships as stressful. Scientific literature on the mental health of clinical clerkship students is scarce and mental health is usually defined as absence of psychological distress without assessing psychological, emotional and social wellbeing, together called 'positive mental health'. This cross-sectional study examines the prevalence of psychological distress and positive mental health and explores possible predictors in a Dutch sample of clinical clerkship students...
November 17, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148230/personality-traits-such-as-neuroticism-and-disability-predict-psychological-distress-in-medically-unexplained-symptoms-a-three-year-experience-from-a-single-centre
#3
Vikas Menon, Balasubramanian Shanmuganathan, Jaiganesh Selvapandian Thamizh, Anand Babu Arun, Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Siddharth Sarkar
BACKGROUND: People with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) may have psychological co-morbidities. AIMS: Our objectives were to assess the rates and identify correlates of psychological distress in MUS. METHODS: A total of 171 subjects with MUS seeking treatment at a tertiary care facility were assessed over a 3-year period. Psychological distress was assessed using the Tamil version of General Health Questionnaire-12. Apart from socio-demographic factors, personality, coping, perceived social support and subjective disability were assessed using standard instruments...
November 17, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148210/factors-associated-with-continued-smoking-after-treatment-of-oral-cavity-cancer-an-age-and-survival-time-matched-study
#4
Su-Ling Chang, Cheng-Hsing Lo, Hsi-Ling Peng, Chien-Rong Chen, Shu-Chen Wu, Shu-Ching Chen
AIMS: The aims of this study of oral cavity cancer patients were to compare the social support, depression, nicotine dependence, physical function and social-emotional function of those who continued smoking with those who quit smoking, with matching by age and survival time and to identify the predictors of continued smoking during the survival period. BACKGROUND: Patients who continue to smoke after cancer treatment may have an wiimpact on treatment response and survival...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147859/initial-psycho-oncological-counselling-in-neuro-oncology-analysis-of-topics-and-needs-of-brain-tumour-patients
#5
Stephanie Schipmann, Eric Suero Molina, Anna Frasch, Walter Stummer, Dorothee Wiewrodt
Diagnosis of a brain tumour is associated with a tremendous disruption of emotional, physical and social well-being. Due to the complexity of the disease and the affection of the central organ, the brain, brain tumour patients differ from other cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the concerns and burdens presented by brain tumour patients during their initial psycho-oncological consultation. We performed a retrospective analysis of 53 patients with the diagnosis of either benign or malignant brain tumour, seeking counsel by a neurosurgeon specialised in psycho-oncology...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145774/predicting-the-risk-of-opioid-use-disorder-based-on-early-maladaptive-schemas
#6
Somayeh Zamirinejad, Seyed Kaveh Hojjat, Alireza Moslem, Vahideh MoghaddamHosseini, Arash Akaberi
Substance use is a globally devastating social problem. Early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) are inefficient mechanisms leading directly or indirectly to psychological distress. The current study aimed to assess the role of EMSs in predicting opioid use disorder. The cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013 in Bojnurd at northeast of Iran on 60 male opioid users who received Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) and 60 control males. The opioid users were selected randomly from MMT clinics and control subjects were selected and matched with opioid users using demographic variables...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145539/socioeconomic-deprivation-household-education-and-employment-are-associated-with-increased-hospital-admissions-and-poor-glycemic-control-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Louise J Apperley, Sze M Ng
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic deprivation, obesity, and emotional discomfort are important determinants of health inequalities and poor glycemic control in children and young people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to evaluate the incidence of hospital admissions of T1D children in relation to socioeconomic deprivation, and to determine the effects of social deprivation, body mass index (BMI), and patient-reported emotional well-being on glycemic control...
July 2017: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144964/biocultural-approach-of-the-association-between-maturity-and-physical-activity-in-youth
#8
André O Werneck, Danilo R P Silva, Paul Collings, Rômulo A Fernandes, Enio R V Ronque, Manuel J Coelho-E-Silva, Luís B Sardinha, Edilson S Cyrino
OBJECTIVE: To test the biocultural model through direct and indirect associations between biological maturation, adiposity, cardiorespiratory fitness, sadness, social relationships, and physical activity in adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 1152 Brazilian adolescents aged between 10 and 17 years. Somatic maturation was estimated through Mirwald's method (peak height velocity). Physical activity was assessed through Baecke questionnaire (occupational, leisure, and sport contexts)...
November 13, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141362/-evaluation-of-the-psychological-feature-and-quality-of-life-in-outpatients-with-somatic-symptoms-disorder-in-a-general-hospital
#9
F H Cui, N N Xiong, X Hong, Y P Duan, J Wei
Objective: To explore the psychological features and quality of life in outpatients with somatic symptoms disorder in a general hospital. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from 2014-05 to 2015-06. Patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) and somatic symptoms disorder (SSD) were recruited from psychological outpatient department, and patients with peptic ulcer (PU) / reflux esophagitis (RE) were recruited from Gastroenterology. Depression scale of the patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale (GAD-7), Toronto Alexithymia scale (TAS), 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12), items from Somatoform Disorder Screening Questionnaire were employed to evaluate the severity of depression, anxiety, alexithymia, quality of life, health care use and subjective feelings...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133064/evaluation-of-abortion-stigma-in-the-workforce-development-of-the-revised-abortion-providers-stigma-scale
#10
Lisa A Martin, Jane A Hassinger, Meghan Seewald, Lisa H Harris
OBJECTIVES: We report on the development of a scale measuring abortion providers' experiences of stigma. STUDY DESIGN: Using previous measures, qualitative data, and expert review, we created a 49-item question pool. We administered questions to 315 abortion providers before participation in the Providers Share Workshop. We explored the factor structure and item quality using exploratory factor analysis. We assessed reliability using Cronbach's alpha. To test construct validity, we calculated Pearson's correlation coefficients between the stigma scales, the Maslach Burnout Inventory, and the K10 measure of psychological distress...
November 10, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130869/effects-of-a-museum-based-social-prescription-intervention-on-quantitative-measures-of-psychological-wellbeing-in-older-adults
#11
Linda J Thomson, Bridget Lockyer, Paul M Camic, Helen J Chatterjee
AIMS: To assess psychological wellbeing in a novel social prescription intervention for older adults called Museums on Prescription and to explore the extent of change over time in six self-rated emotions ('absorbed', 'active', 'cheerful', 'encouraged', 'enlightened' and 'inspired'). METHODS: Participants ( n = 115) aged 65-94 years were referred to museum-based programmes comprising 10 weekly sessions, by healthcare and third sector organisations using inclusion criteria (e...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130838/the-psychology-of-rituals-an-integrative-review-and-process-based-framework
#12
Nicholas M Hobson, Juliana Schroeder, Jane L Risen, Dimitris Xygalatas, Michael Inzlicht
Traditionally, ritual has been studied from broad sociocultural perspectives, with little consideration of the psychological processes at play. Recently, however, psychologists have begun turning their attention to the study of ritual, uncovering the causal mechanisms driving this universal aspect of human behavior. With growing interest in the psychology of ritual, this article provides an organizing framework to understand recent empirical work from social psychology, cognitive science, anthropology, behavioral economics, and neuroscience...
November 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130063/stress-self-regulation-and-context-evidence-from-the-health-and-retirement-survey
#13
Briana Mezuk, Scott Ratliff, Jeannie B Concha, Cleopatra M Abdou, Jane Rafferty, Hedwig Lee, James S Jackson
Health-related behaviors, such as smoking, alcohol use, exercise, and diet, are major determinants of physical health and health disparities. However, a growing body of experimental research in humans and animals also suggests these behaviors can impact the ways our bodies respond to stress, such that they modulate (that is, serve as a means to self-regulate or cope with) the deleterious impact of stressful experiences on mental health. A handful of epidemiologic studies have investigated the intersection between stress and health behaviors on health disparities (both mental and physical), with mixed results...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128304/symptoms-of-mental-illness-and-their-impact-on-managing-type-2-diabetes-in-adults
#14
Adriana Cimo, Carolyn S Dewa
OBJECTIVES: People with mental illnesses are more likely to experience diabetes-related complications that can reduce life expectancy by 10 to 15 years. Diabetes management and outcomes can be improved when lifestyle interventions addressing healthful eating habits and physical activity use content tailored to the learning needs of individuals or groups. Understanding the challenges that prevent adherence to diabetes recommendations can start to inform the design of tailored diabetes education care...
November 8, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126767/the-quality-of-life-analysis-of-knee-prosthesis-with-complete-microprocessor-control-in-trans-femoral-amputees
#15
Yavuz Saglam, Baris Gulenc, Fevzi Birisik, Ali Ersen, Ebru Yilmaz Yalcinkaya, Onder Yazicioglu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the patient demographics, etiology of limb loss as well as reporting SF-36 scores for microprocessor prosthesis users in Turkish population. METHODS: We reviewed 72 patients (61 male and 11 female; mean age: 37.7 ± 10.7) with uni-lateral, above knee amputation and a history of regular and microprocessor prosthesis use. All patients were called back for a last follow-up and they were asked to fill a self-administered general health status questionnaire (SF-36)...
November 7, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124850/the-role-of-shame-in-the-development-and-maintenance-of-psychological-distress-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-narrative-review-and-synthesis
#16
REVIEW
Neil E Clapton, Jonathan Williams, Robert S P Jones
BACKGROUND: The role of shame in the development and maintenance of psychological distress in adults with mild-to-moderate intellectual disabilities has been relatively under-researched. This study provides a review of diverse current research that has implicitly or explicitly investigated shame processes in this population in some form. METHODS: A narrative review of the literature was undertaken. An electronic search of four databases identified 17 studies that met the eligibility criteria...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122031/contempt%C3%A2-%C3%A2-where-the-modularity-of-the-mind-meets-the-modularity-of-the-brain
#17
Danilo Bzdok, Leonhard Schilbach
"Contempt" is proposed to be a unique aspect of human nature, yet a non-natural kind. Its psychological construct is framed as a sentiment emerging from a stratification of diverse basic emotions and dispositional attitudes. Accordingly, "contempt" might transcend traditional conceptual levels in social psychology, including experience and recognition of emotion, dyadic and group dynamics, context-conditioned attitudes, time-enduring personality structure, and morality. This strikes us as a modern psychological account of a high-level, social-affective cognitive facet that joins forces with recent developments in the social neuroscience by drawing psychological conclusions from brain biology...
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119956/-a-study-of-the-effective-psychotherapist-image-and-expectations-about-psychotherapy-among-the-employees-of-hazardous-occupations-policemen
#18
V A Agarkov, S A Bronfman, D Y Maltseva
BACKGRAUND: The objective of the present study was to estimate the expectations about psychotherapy in terms of social and medical rehabilitation among the employees of hazardous occupations suffering from the consequences of a psychological trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 100 subjects employed by various departments of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) were recruited to participate in the study. Their age varied from 19 to 35 (mean 25.8±3...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119814/acceptability-and-feasibility-of-collecting-psychosocial-data-from-fathers-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#19
S R Bagge, B Westgate, K Few, P Clarke, A Adlam, J Walsh, M O'Brien
The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility and acceptability of collecting outcome data from parents of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and to explore the psychological and social adaptation of fathers. Questionnaires were distributed to 38 parents of VLBW infants and 36 parents of term infants within a hospital Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Field notes were also taken. Parents indicated collecting outcome data in this population was feasible and acceptable, but barriers and difficulties in data collection were identified, particularly for fathers...
September 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111913/mental-health-symptomatology-and-exposure-to-non-fatal-suicidal-behavior-factors-that-predict-vulnerability-and-resilience-among-college-students
#20
Jamison S Bottomley, Seth Abrutyn, Melissa A Smigelsky, Robert A Neimeyer
Despite efforts to identify risk factors following exposure to completed suicide, research has paid less attention to the associations between exposure to non-fatal suicide behavior (NFSB) and mental health symptomatology-factors that may underlie one's susceptibility to future suicidal thoughts and behaviors. This study examined differences in mental health symptomatology among 192 college students exposed to NFSB and 202 exposed to general stressors. Results indicated that students exposed to NFSB had significantly higher levels of depression and anxiety compared to those exposed to a variety of other stressors but not NFSB...
November 7, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
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