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Social Psychology of Emotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777605/ethics-and-or-aesthetics-reflections-on-cosmetic-surgery-for-adolescents
#1
Gianluca Montanari Vergallo, Enrico Marinelli, Simona Napoletano, Natale Mario Di Luca, Simona Zaami
Cosmetic surgery entails various ethical issues, even more so in cases involving adolescent patients. Cosmetic surgeons need to take into account how modern societies consider physical appearance an essential component of everyday life, as well as the vulnerability of youths and adolescents. For that reason, it is imperative to thoroughly assess the psychological and emotional states, in addition to the motivations, of minor patients. That goal can be achieved through the use of the DAS-59, (the Derriford Appearance Scale)1 , an effective and dependable tool devised to evaluate the psychological difficulties and distress experienced by people living with problems of appearance...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768589/women-s-lives-in-times-of-zika-mosquito-controlled-lives
#2
Ana Rosa Linde, Carlos Eduardo Siqueira
Zika virus infection during pregnancy is a cause of congenital brain abnormalities. Its consequences to pregnancies has made governments, national and international agencies issue advices and recommendations to women. There is a clear need to investigate how the Zika outbreak affects the decisions that women take concerning their lives and the life of their families, as well as how women are psychologically and emotionally dealing with the outbreak. We conducted a qualitative study to address the impact of the Zika epidemic on the family life of women living in Brazil, Puerto Rico, and the US, who were affected by it to shed light on the social repercussions of Zika...
May 10, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767417/do-concordances-of-social-support-and-relationship-quality-predict-psychological-distress-and-well-being-of-cancer-patients-and-caregivers
#3
W K Hou, K M Lau, T C Y Shum, A C K Cheng, T M C Lee
This study examined concordances of cancer patients' received and caregivers' provided support and dyadic relationship quality, and their predictive utility in prospective psychological distress and well-being. A total of 83 Chinese cancer patient-caregiver dyads were recruited in two government-funded hospitals in Hong Kong. Participants reported received (patient)/provided (caregiver) emotional and instrumental support and dyadic relationship quality within 6 months after diagnosis (T1), and anxiety and depressive symptoms, positive affect and life satisfaction at both T1 and 6-month follow-up (T2)...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764247/survey-and-analysis-for-impact-factors-of-psychological-distress-in-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-who-continue-pregnancy
#4
Shouxue Qin, Yanping Tan, Bingyan Lu, Yuqing Cheng, Yanli Nong
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to explore the psychological distress of HIV-infected pregnant women who continue pregnancy, and analyze the possible influencing factors. METHODS: A total of 194 HIV-infected pregnant women who continue pregnancy were enrolled for this study by a convenient sampling method during June 2012-August 2016. Participants completed questionnaires including Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Berger HIV Stigma Scale (BHSS), Distress Thermometer (DT) and Problem List (PL), and to determine the cut-off value of DT in the group...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759920/dysphonia-perceived-control-and-psychosocial-distress-a-qualitative-study
#5
Stephanie Misono, Caroline Haut, Liza Meredith, Patricia A Frazier, Ali Stockness, Deirdre D Michael, Lisa Butcher, Eileen M Harwood
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine relationships between psychological factors, particularly perceived control, and voice symptoms in adults seeking treatment for a voice problem. METHODS: Semistructured interviews of adult patients with a clinical diagnosis of muscle tension dysphonia were conducted and transcribed. Follow-up interviews were conducted as needed for further information or clarification. A multidisciplinary team analyzed interview content using inductive techniques...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757112/does-age-impact-text-message-dependence
#6
F Richard Ferraro
Little research has examined how age impacts texting dependence, despite the increased usage of texting and other social media applications in older adults. In the present study, three age groups (18-29 years of age, n = 135; 30-49 years of age, n = 58; 50-69 years of age, n = 19) were given the Self-Perceptions of Text Messaging Dependency Scale (SPTMDS). This self-report measure examines Emotion Reaction, Excessive Use, Disruption of Relationships with text Messages and Psychological/Behavioral Symptoms Concerning Heavy Usage)...
May 14, 2018: Journal of General Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756796/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-difficulties-in-emotion-regulation-scale-ders-factor-structure-reliability-and-validity
#7
Jian Li, Zhuo Rachel Han, Mengyu M Gao, Xin Sun, Nigela Ahemaitijiang
Numerous studies have identified the significant role of emotion regulation in an individual's psychological and social functioning. Ever since its development, the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) has been widely adopted as a comprehensive measure to assess emotion regulation problems among English-speaking adults. To assess emotion regulation in adults from Chinese-speaking societies and to promote future cross-cultural examination of the emotion regulation processes, the authors aimed to develop a Chinese version of the DERS and provide an initial validation of this instrument...
May 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755385/sex-age-and-emotional-valence-revealing-possible-biases-in-the-reading-the-mind-in-the-eyes-task
#8
Jana Kynast, Matthias L Schroeter
The 'Reading the Mind in the Eyes' test (RMET) assesses a specific socio-cognitive ability, i.e., the ability to identify mental states from gaze. The development of this ability in a lifespan perspective is of special interest. Whereas former investigations were limited mainly to childhood and adolescence, the focus has been shifted towards aging, and psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases recently. Although the RMET is frequently applied in developmental psychology and clinical settings, stimulus characteristics have never been investigated with respect to potential effects on test performance...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755213/stereotype-content-warmth-and-competence-endure
#9
Susan T Fiske
Two dimensions persist in social cognition, whether people are making sense of individuals or groups. The Stereotype Content Model terms the basic dimensions perceived warmth (trustworthiness, friendliness) and competence (capability, assertiveness). Measured reliably and validly, these Big Two dimensions converge across methods: survey, cultural, laboratory, and biobehavioral approaches. Generality across place, levels, and time further support the framework. Parallel pairs have emerged repeatedly over the history of psychology and in current theories...
April 2018: Current Directions in Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751205/ambivalence-over-emotional-expression-and-perceived-social-constraints-as-moderators-of-relaxation-training-and-emotional-awareness-and-expression-training-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#10
Hannah J Holmes, Elyse R Thakur, Jennifer N Carty, Maisa S Ziadni, Heather K Doherty, Nancy A Lockhart, Howard Schubiner, Mark A Lumley
OBJECTIVE: Psychological treatments are generally beneficial for patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but patients' responses vary. A prior randomized controlled trial found that both relaxation training (RT) and emotional awareness and expression training (EAET) were superior to a waitlist control condition for IBS symptoms, quality of life, depression, and anxiety among IBS patients (Thakur et al., 2017). METHOD: We conducted secondary analyses on these data to examine potential moderators of treatment outcomes...
May 3, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751056/sex-and-trait-anxiety-differences-in-psychological-stress-are-modified-by-environment
#11
James Liu, John Scira, Simone Donaldson, Nina Kajiji, Gordon H Dash, S Tiffany Donaldson
Evidence-based research has revealed how physiological and emotional responses to acute stress are adaptive. However, under conditions of unpredictable or protracted stress, health and drug vulnerability can be compromised. In this study, we examined anxiety-like behavioral responses of 4th generation adolescent male and female Long Evans rats selectively bred for high (HAn) and low (LAn) anxiety-like behavior when housed in an isolated environment (IE) versus a social environment (SE). After 35 days in IE or SE, animals were tested in the elevated plus maze (EPM), injected with amphetamine (AMPH: 0...
May 8, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750673/quality-of-life-perception-cognitive-function-and-psychological-status-in-a-real-world-population-of-glioblastoma-patients-treated-with-radiotherapy-and-temozolomide-a-single-center-prospective-study
#12
Giuseppe Lombardi, Eleonora Bergo, Paola Del Bianco, Luisa Bellu, Ardi Pambuku, Mario Caccese, Leonardo Trentin, Vittorina Zagonel
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL), cognitive function, and psychological status represent an important focus during the treatment of glioblastoma patients. Nevertheless, few randomized, prospective clinical trials have analyzed these factors, and very little is known in the real-clinical world. We evaluated these characteristics in glioblastoma patients treated with standard first-line therapy outside clinical trials. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 111 newly, histologically diagnosed glioblastoma patients treated at our oncology center with radiotherapy and temozolomide were prospectively enrolled...
May 10, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749983/from-negligence-to-perception-of-complexities-in-adherence-to-treatment-process-in-people-with-diabetes-a-grounded-theory-study
#13
Seyedeh Narjes Mousavizadeh, Tahereh Ashktorab, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Mitra Zandi
Background: Poor adherence of patients with type 2 diabetes to treatment is one of the most complex and important clinical concerns. It is the main issue of the present decade and acknowledged as a challenge to control and treat diabetes. This study was carried out to explore and understand how adherence to treatment process occurs among Iranian patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: The present study is qualitative with grounded theory approach. The data were collected from December 2015 to July 2016 in Tehran (Iran) through individual semi-structured in-depth interviews, field notes, and memos from 21 patients with type 2 diabetes; combined with two members of their families and a healthcare professional...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749682/psycho-oncology-overview-obstacles-and-opportunities
#14
Jimmie C Holland
Worldwide, psychological and social issues in cancer were not the subject of scientific inquiry until the past two decades. Since then, a new subspecialty of oncology has evolved, psycho-oncology. It addresses two dimensions of cancer: the emotional responses of patients at all stages of disease, as well as their families and caretakers (psychosocial); and the pyschological, social and behavioral factors that may influence cancer morbidity and mortality (psychobiological). Obstacles to development have been the facts of small numbers of clinicians and investigators worldwide and the few valid assessment instruments and research methods available to the biomedical community...
May 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749310/biological-and-psychological-influences-of-cross-sex-hormone-in-transgender
#15
Ling Shiao Ling, Hatta Sidi, Raja Adam Raja Lope, Srijit Das, Azlin Baharudin
Transgender is a complex state of bio-psycho-social dimension of human sexuality. It encompasses cognitive-emotional-behavior component that makes the person unique in his or her sexual expression. Transgender tend to use cross sex hormone in order to eradicate their secondary sexual characteristics and to facilitate the shift to their experienced gender. The common masculinising sex hormone use, i.e. Female to Male Treatment Options (FMTO) is testosterone and for feminising hormone i.e. Male to Female Treatment Options (MFTO) is a combination of estrogen with anti-androgen, respectively...
May 11, 2018: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739736/predicting-depression-from-language-based-emotion-dynamics-longitudinal-analysis-of-facebook-and-twitter-status-updates
#16
Elizabeth M Seabrook, Margaret L Kern, Ben D Fulcher, Nikki S Rickard
BACKGROUND: Frequent expression of negative emotion words on social media has been linked to depression. However, metrics have relied on average values, not dynamic measures of emotional volatility. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report on the associations between depression severity and the variability (time-unstructured) and instability (time-structured) in emotion word expression on Facebook and Twitter across status updates. METHODS: Status updates and depression severity ratings of 29 Facebook users and 49 Twitter users were collected through the app MoodPrism...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733982/the-giving-parents-support-study-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-a-parent-navigator-intervention-to-improve-outcomes-after-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-discharge
#17
Cara L Carty, Lamia M Soghier, Katherine I Kritikos, Lisa K Tuchman, Michelle Jiggetts, Penny Glass, Randi Streisand, Karen R Fratantoni
Parents of infants hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) experience increased anxiety and stress, which may persist after discharge. The rationale and design of a randomized clinical trial assessing the impact of a 1-year, post-discharge, peer support intervention (parent navigation) on parental mental health and infant health care utilization is described. Qualitative methods guided the adaptation of an existing parent support program to target emotional and resource-related needs of NICU families...
May 4, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733662/interpersonal-emotion-regulation-implications-for-affiliation-perceived-support-relationships-and-well-being
#18
W Craig Williams, Sylvia A Morelli, Desmond C Ong, Jamil Zaki
People often recruit social resources to manage their emotions, a phenomenon known as interpersonal emotion regulation (IER). Despite its importance, IER's psychological structure remains poorly understood. We propose that two key dimensions describe IER: (a) individuals' tendency to pursue IER in response to emotional events, and (b) the efficacy with which they perceive IER improves their emotional lives. To probe these dimensions, we developed the Interpersonal Regulation Questionnaire (IRQ), a valid and reliable measure of individual differences in IER...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733035/psychosocial-risks-burnout-and-intention-to-quit-following-the-introduction-of-new-software-at-work
#19
Mouna Knani, Pierre-Sébastien Fournier, Caroline Biron
BACKGROUND: Despite a rich literature on association between psychosocial factors, the demand-control-support (DCS) model and burnout, there are few integrated frameworks encompassing the DCS model, burnout and intention to quit, particularly in a technological context. OBJECTIVE: This manuscript examines the relationships between psychosocial risks, the demand-control-support (DCS) model, burnout syndrome and intention to quit following the introduction of new software at work...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731600/the-promise-of-prevention-science-for-addressing-intergenerational-poverty
#20
Mark Van Ryzin, Diana Fishbein, Anthony Biglan
This paper reviews research suggesting that the prevention of intergenerational poverty will be enhanced if we add evidence-based family and school prevention programs to existing efforts to reduce poverty in order to address the adverse social environments that often accompany poverty. Government policies such as the Earned Income Tax Credit can reduce family poverty, but simply improving the economic stability of the family will not necessarily prevent the development of child and adolescent problems such as academic failure, antisocial behavior, drug abuse, and depression, all of which can undermine future economic wellbeing...
February 2018: Psychology, Public Policy, and Law
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