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Social Psychology of Emotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922736/reduced-white-matter-integrity-in-borderline-personality-disorder-a-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study
#1
Taiga Ninomiya, Harumi Oshita, Yoshihisa Kawano, Chiharu Goto, Mai Matsuhashi, Koji Masuda, Fuku Takita, Toshihiko Izumi, Ayako Inoue, Haruka Higuma, Masayuki Kanehisa, Jotaro Akiyoshi
BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) has a pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and emotions. BPD may be linked to an abnormal brain anatomy, but little is known about possible impairments of the white matter microstructure in BPD or their relationship with impulsivity or risky behaviors. The aims of the present study were to explore the relationship between BPD and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) parameters and psychological tests. METHODS: We evaluated 35 un-medicated BPD patients in a medication-free state and 50 healthy controls (HCs)...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916897/improvement-of-quality-of-life-and-psychological-distress-after-inpatient-cancer-rehabilitation-results-of-a%C3%A2-longitudinal-observational-study
#2
David Riedl, Johannes M Giesinger, Lisa M Wintner, Fanny L Loth, Gerhard Rumpold, Richard Greil, Alain Nickels, Thomas Licht, Bernhard Holzner
BACKGROUND: With the growing number of cancer survivors worldwide the need for high quality cancer rehabilitation after primary treatment is steadily increasing. The aim of the present study was to investigate change of psychological distress and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) during multidisciplinary inpatient cancer rehabilitation in a large sample of cancer survivors suffering from different cancer entities. METHODS: We analyzed data from routine HRQOL and distress monitoring at a cancer inpatient rehabilitation center...
September 15, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913886/what-s-parenting-got-to-do-with-it-emotional-autonomy-and-brain-and-behavioral-responses-to-emotional-conflict-in-children-and-adolescents
#3
Hilary A Marusak, Moriah E Thomason, Kelsey Sala-Hamrick, Laura Crespo, Christine A Rabinak
Healthy parenting may be protective against the development of emotional psychopathology, particularly for children reared in stressful environments. Little is known, however, about the brain and behavioral mechanisms underlying this association, particularly during childhood and adolescence, when emotional disorders frequently emerge. Here, we demonstrate that psychological control, a parenting strategy known to limit socioemotional development in children, is associated with altered brain and behavioral responses to emotional conflict in 27 at-risk (urban, lower income) youth, ages 9-16...
September 15, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905140/long-term-metabolic-follow-up-and-clinical-outcome-of-35-patients-with-maple-syrup-urine-disease
#4
Marie-Thérèse Abi-Wardé, Célina Roda, Jean-Baptiste Arnoux, Aude Servais, Florence Habarou, Anais Brassier, Clément Pontoizeau, Valérie Barbier, Manuella Bayart, Virginie Leboeuf, Bernadette Chadefaux-Vekemans, Sandrine Dubois, Murielle Assoun, Claire Belloche, Jean-Meidi Alili, Marie-Caroline Husson, Fabrice Lesage, Laurent Dupic, Benoit Theuil, Chris Ottolenghi, Pascale de Lonlay
BACKGROUND: Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a rare disease that requires a protein-restricted diet for successful management. Little is known, however, about the psychosocial outcome of MSUD patients. This study investigates the relationship between metabolic and clinical parameters and psychosocial outcomes in a cohort of patients with neonatal-onset MSUD. METHODS: Data on academic achievement, psychological care, family involvement, and biochemical parameters were collected from the medical records of neonatal MSUD patients treated at Necker Hospital (Paris) between 1964 and 2013...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904275/family-centered-care-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-combining-intensive-care-and-family-support
#5
Shunsuke Araki, Tomoko Saito, Saori Ichikawa, Kaori Saito, Tsuzumi Takada, Satoko Noguchi, Miki Yamada, Fumi Nakagawa
Advances in treatment in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) for preterm and sick newborns have improved the mortality rate of patients, but admission to the NICU may disrupt parent-infant interaction, with adverse consequences for infants and their families because of physical, psychological, and emotional separation. The concept of family centered care (FCC), in which family members are part of the care team and infants are close to the family, is important and has become popular in NICU. In 2013, we created a team called "Kodomo-Kazoku Mannaka" to promote FCC in Japan, and visited the NICU at Uppsala University Hospital in Sweden, which is internationally famous for FCC...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901545/teaching-children-with-autism-to-respond-to-disguised-mands
#6
Adel C Najdowski, Ryan Bergstrom, Jonathan Tarbox, Megan St Clair
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often have difficulty inferring the private events of others, including private verbal behavior (e.g., thoughts), private emotional responses, and private establishing operations, often referred to as "perspective taking" by the general psychology community. Children with ASD also have difficulty responding to disguised mands. Skinner's description of the "disguised mand" is verbal behavior wherein the speaker's mand directly describes neither its reinforcer nor the corresponding establishing operations...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900410/human-connections-and-their-roles-in-the-occupational-well-being-of-healthcare-professionals-a-study-on-loneliness-and-empathy
#7
Jorge Soler-Gonzalez, Montserrat San-Martín, Roberto Delgado-Bolton, Luis Vivanco
Human connections are key to the promotion of health and prevention of illness; moreover, illness can cause deterioration of human connections. Healthcare professional-patient relationships are key to ensuring the preservation of adequate human connections. It is important for healthcare professionals to develop their ability to foster satisfactory human connections because: (i) they represent social support for patients; and (ii) they prevent work-related stress. In this study we assessed the relationship between absence (loneliness) and presence (empathy) of human connections with the occupational well-being of healthcare professionals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898134/the-management-of-complex-pain-in-children-referred-to-a-pain-clinic-at-a-tertiary-children-s-hospital-in-australia
#8
John Collins, Natasha Haynes, Hannah Klingberg, Heather Nicholas, Meg Pounder, Renee Sandells
Synopsis One of the key aspects of good healthcare for children and young people is the prevention and management of pain. The experience of persisting pain in children and adolescents has a major impact not only on the individual's physical, emotional, social, and developmental well-being but it also may have an impact on the broader world which may include family, school, and social networks. The multi-disciplinary paediatric pain clinic adopts a holistic approach to care through a biopsychosocial model. One outcome of an initial paediatric pain clinic review is the creation of a pain management plan which addresses the pharmacological, physical, psychological, and other domains of care...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895787/internet-based-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-psychological-distress-experienced-by-people-with-hearing-problems-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Peter Molander, Hugo Hesser, Sandra Weineland, Kajsa Bergwall, Sonia Buck, Johan Jäder Malmlöf, Henning Lantz, Thomas Lunner, Gerhard Andersson
Psychological distress is common among people with hearing problems, but treatments that specifically target this aspect have been almost non-existent. In this pilot randomized controlled trial, an eight-week long Internet-based treatment, informed by Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, was administered to explore the feasibility and efficacy of such a treatment. Included participants were randomized to either treatment (n = 31) or wait-list control (n = 30) condition. All participants were measured prior to randomization and immediately after treatment ended using standardized self-report instruments measuring hearing-related emotional and social adjustment (Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly - S, HHIE-S), quality of life (Quality of Life Inventory, QOLI), and symptoms of depression and anxiety (Patient health Questionnaire, PHQ-9 and Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale, GAD-7)...
September 12, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895503/needs-assessment-with-elder-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon-implications-for-services-and-interventions
#10
Zeina Chemali, Christina P C Borba, Kelsey Johnson, Sama Khair, Gregory L Fricchione
Currently, over 1 million Syrian and Palestinian refugees have fled Syria to take refuge in Lebanon. Among this vulnerable population, elder refugees warrant particular concern, as they shoulder a host of additional health and safety issues that require additional resources. However, the specific needs of elder refugees are often overlooked, especially during times of crisis. Our study used a semi-structured interview to survey the needs of elder refugees and understand their perceived support from Lebanese fieldworkers...
September 12, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895426/music-for-the-ageing-brain-cognitive-emotional-social-and-neural-benefits-of-musical-leisure-activities-in-stroke-and-dementia
#11
Teppo Särkämö
Music engages an extensive network of auditory, cognitive, motor, and emotional processing regions in the brain. Coupled with the fact that the emotional and cognitive impact of music is often well preserved in ageing and dementia, music is a powerful tool in the care and rehabilitation of many ageing-related neurological diseases. In addition to formal music therapy, there has been a growing interest in self- or caregiver-implemented musical leisure activities or hobbies as a widely applicable means to support psychological wellbeing in ageing and in neurological rehabilitation...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894418/what-is-art-good-for-the-socio-epistemic-value-of-art
#12
REVIEW
Aleksandra Sherman, Clair Morrissey
Scientists, humanists, and art lovers alike value art not just for its beauty, but also for its social and epistemic importance; that is, for its communicative nature, its capacity to increase one's self-knowledge and encourage personal growth, and its ability to challenge our schemas and preconceptions. However, empirical research tends to discount the importance of such social and epistemic outcomes of art engagement, instead focusing on individuals' preferences, judgments of beauty, pleasure, or other emotional appraisals as the primary outcomes of art appreciation...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888506/the-perspective-of-families-with-a-ventilator-dependent-child-at-home-a-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Sandra Falkson, Christiane Knecht, Claudia Hellmers, Sabine Metzing
This literature review gives an overview about the existing research concerning the experiences of families with a child with ventilation at home. The number of children with home-ventilation is increasing. Children who receive homecare have the possibility of growing up in their familiar environment and participate in social life. In comparison to children living in institutions, children at home show advantages in their physical, psychological, emotional, social and cognitive development. However, homecare of a child with ventilation places high demands on all family members...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888327/vicarious-social-defeat-stress-induces-depression-related-outcomes-in-female-mice
#14
Sergio D Iñiguez, Francisco J Flores-Ramirez, Lace M Riggs, Jason B Alipio, Israel Garcia-Carachure, Mirella A Hernandez, David O Sanchez, Mary Kay Lobo, Peter A Serrano, Stephen H Braren, Samuel A Castillo
BACKGROUND: Stress is a prevailing risk factor for mood-related illnesses, wherein women represent the majority of those affected by major depression. Despite the growing literature suggesting that affective disorders can arise after a traumatic event is vicariously experienced, this relationship remains understudied in female subjects at the preclinical level. Thus, the objective of the current investigation was to examine whether exposure to emotional and/or psychological stress (ES) mediates depression-related outcomes in female mice...
July 29, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888313/aftercare-survivorship-and-peer-support
#15
REVIEW
Karen Badger, Amy Acton, Pam Peterson
Burn recovery includes addressing any emotional, psychological, and social needs of the survivor and family. Providing support and resources is essential for a smooth transition from the acute phase of injury to rehabilitation and successful social and community reintegration. Priority psychosocial target areas are developing social skills, addressing body image concerns, and providing peer support. Peer support provides a unique perspective of shared experience that can instill hope and assist coping efforts of survivors and family...
October 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883770/frequency-of-depression-and-its-correlation-with-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-oral-cavity-cancer
#16
Senada Dzebo, Jasmina Mahmutovic, Hasiba Erkocevic, Faris Foco
INTRODUCTION: the effects of malignant tumors of oral cavity may be reflected through mental, physical, social and emotional well-being and quality of life of patients. Those suffering from malignancies show a large degree of psychological problems (fear, anxiety, depression, panic disorders, phobias) both at the time of diagnosis and during the treatment. AIM: to determine a level of depression in patients with oral cavity cancer and to link quality of life and level of depression of patients with oral cavity cancer...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882351/psychological-profile-of-children-who-require-repetitive-surgical-procedures-for-early-onset-scoliosis-is-a-poorer-quality-of-life-the-cost-of-a-straighter-spine
#17
Cihan Aslan, Z Deniz Olgun, Erkan Sabri Ertas, Seniz Ozusta, Gokhan Demirkiran, Fatih Unal, Muharrem Yazici
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: Assess the psychosocial status of children with early-onset scoliosis (EOS) undergoing multiple procedures and evaluate associations with other variables. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: EOS may require repetitive surgical procedures to control deformity and preserve growth. These procedures impact patients' psychosocial status because of the repetitive surgeries. METHODS: EOS patients 6-18 years, undergoing traditional growing rod treatment with more than 5 surgical procedures, and neurologically/mentally intact were included...
September 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881038/experience-of-the-waiting-area-as-perceived-by-haemodialysis-patients-and-family-carers
#18
Yoonsoo Kim, Miyoung Kim, Pratibha Bhandari, Sujin Choi
AIM: To identify the meaning of the waiting area based on the experiences of haemodialysis patients and their carers and to develop an optimal social environment for meaningful nursing care. BACKGROUND: Haemodialysis patients require treatment three times a week and they and their carers spend much of their time in waiting areas, where they experience a unique culture. Limited qualitative research has focused on the culture of the waiting area among haemodialysis patients in South Korea...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880098/moving-research-on-health-and-close-relationships-forward-a-challenge-and-an-obligation-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#19
Christine Dunkel Schetter
Close relationships are integral to the health and adaptation of our species. The evidence is incontestable, and it is the building block upon which future theory, research, and practice rests. This foreword notes the distinct domains and independent histories of relationship science and health psychology and calls for further thorough integration within the broader context of team science. The articles in this special issue focus on interpersonal mechanisms, cultural specificity, personality and emotion regulation, couples dynamics in chronic disease, and the increasingly complex biological mechanisms involved in linking relationships to health outcomes...
September 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879186/bullying-and-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-alopecia-areata
#20
Theresa Christensen, Jessica S Yang, Leslie Castelo-Soccio
Alopecia areata (AA) is a clinically heterogeneous disease that is characterized by nonscarring hair loss, nail changes, and increased risk of other autoimmune disease. During clinical visits, children with AA often report bullying. We report survey results that highlight the prevalence of bullying and surrounding emotional impact of AA in pediatric patients. We found that bullying was common overall and additional psychological impact, including impairment of social and home life, was even more common. Children of all ages experienced bullying...
August 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
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