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Attitude structure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820440/medical-students-attitudes-and-beliefs-towards-psychotherapy-a-mixed-research-methods-study
#1
Costas S Constantinou, Maria Georgiou, Maria Perdikogianni
Background: Research findings suggest that attitudes towards psychotherapy predict willingness to seek therapy. However, understanding how medical students think about using and referring their patients for psychotherapy is limited. Aims: The aims of this study are to measure medical students' attitudes towards professional help seeking, and to investigate the reasons for whether or not they would refer their patients to psychotherapy in their future role as doctors. Method: The participants were 127 medical students in their first and second year of the MBBS4 programme at the Cyprus campus of St George's University of London, who completed a self-report measure of attitudes towards psychotherapy and a semi-structured interview...
August 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820007/a-12-week-pilot-study-of-acceptance-of-a-computer-based-chronic-disease-self-monitoring-system-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-or-hypertension
#2
Mian Yan, Calvin Or
This study tested a structural model examining the effects of perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, health consciousness, and application-specific self-efficacy on the acceptance (i.e. behavioral intention and actual usage) of a computer-based chronic disease self-monitoring system among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and/or hypertension. The model was tested using partial least squares structural equation modeling, with 119 observations that were obtained by pooling data across three time points over a 12-week period...
August 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817565/peer-violence-perpetration-and-victimization-prevalence-associated-factors-and-pathways-among-1752-sixth-grade-boys-and-girls-in-schools-in-pakistan
#3
Rozina Karmaliani, Judith Mcfarlane, Rozina Somani, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Saleema Gulzar, Yasmeen Somani, Esnat D Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Child peer violence is a global problem and seriously impacts health and education. There are few research studies available in Pakistan, or South Asia. We describe the prevalence of peer violence, associations, and pathways between socio-economic status, school performance, gender attitudes and violence at home. METHODS: 1752 children were recruited into a cluster randomized controlled trial conducted on 40 fairly homogeneous public schools (20 for girls and 20 for boys), in Hyderabad, Pakistan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812804/barriers-to-the-implementation-of-the-health-and-rehabilitation-articles-of-the-united-nations-convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-in-south-africa
#4
Meghan Hussey, Malcolm MacLachlan, Gubela Mji
BACKGROUND: The United Nations (UN) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) is a milestone in the recognition of the human rights of persons with disabilities, including the right to health and rehabilitation. South Africa has signed and ratified the CRPD but still has a long way to go in reforming policies and systems in order to be in compliance with the convention. This paper seeks to fill a gap in the literature by exploring what the barriers to the implementation of the health and rehabilitation articles of the CRPD are, as identified by representatives of the disability community...
August 28, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810273/-nursing-internship-internal-medicine-evaluation-and-influences-on-the-attitude-towards-the-specialization
#5
Janine Wirkner, Sylvia Stracke, Anja Lange, Thomas Dabers, Harry Merk, Richard Kasch
Background German medical students have to perform a nursery internship of three month duration. While this internship is widely discussed, there is a lack of student evaluation data. Objectives Here, for the first time, student evaluation of a nursery internship in internal medicine (IM) is investigated. Moreover, the question was raised, whether the early experience during this internship may influence students' attitude towards the specialty. Methods In a nation-wide online-survey, 767 German medical students (mean age 22...
August 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809059/knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-of-healthcare-professionals-regarding-child-maltreatment-in-china
#6
X Li, Q Yue, S Wang, H Wang, J Jiang, L Gong, W Liu, X Huang, T Xu
BACKGROUND: A new, recently issued national law and regulation in China conferred the responsibility of healthcare professionals in child maltreatment intervention. However, few studies have reported on the recognition and reporting of child maltreatment by healthcare professionals in China. The aim of this study was to assess healthcare professionals' knowledge, attitudes, and self-perceived behaviour in terms of identifying, assessing, and reporting child maltreatment cases in China...
August 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807698/-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-cancer-behavior-inventory-brief-version
#7
Emine Iyigun, Sevinc Tastan, Elif Gezginci, Serap Korkmaz, Selcuk Demiral, Murat Beyzadeoglu
CONTEXT: Cancer Behavior Inventory-Brief Version is a simple and non-burdensome tool used to evaluate the self-efficacy of the cancer patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Cancer Behavior Inventory-Brief Version. METHODS: This methodological study was conducted on 143 cancer patients who received radiotherapy at the Department of Radiation Oncology at a Training and Research Hospital in Turkey...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807696/a-tailored-intervention-to-improving-the-quality-of-intrahospital-nursing-handover
#8
Jochen Bergs, Frank Lambrechts, Ines Mulleneers, Kim Lenaerts, Caroline Hauquier, Geert Proesmans, Sarah Creemers, Dominique Vandijck
INTRODUCTION: Nursing handover is a process central to the delivery of high-quality and safe care. We aimed to improve the quality of nursing handover from the emergency department to ward and intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: A quasi-experimental non-equivalent control group pre-test - post-test design was applied. Handover quality was measured using the Handover Evaluation Scale (HES). A tailored intervention, inspired by appreciative inquiry, was designed to improve the implementation of an existing handover form and procedure...
August 11, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806638/patient-preferences-and-extended-release-naltrexone-a-new-opportunity-to-treat-opioid-use-disorders-in-ukraine
#9
Ruthanne Marcus, Iuliia Makarenko, Alyona Mazhnaya, Alexei Zelenev, Maxim Polonsky, Lynn Madden, Sergii Filippovych, Sergii Dvoriak, Sandra A Springer, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: Scaling up HIV prevention for people who inject drugs (PWID) using opioid agonist therapies (OAT) in Ukraine has been restricted by individual and structural factors. Extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX), however, provides new opportunities for treating opioid use disorders (OUDs) in this region, where both HIV incidence and mortality continue to increase. METHODS: Survey results from 1613 randomly selected PWID from 5 regions in Ukraine who were currently, previously or never on OAT were analyzed for their preference of pharmacological therapies for treating OUDs...
August 5, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806351/effects-of-a-nationwide-strategy-to-reduce-salt-intake-in-samoa
#10
Kathy Trieu, Merina Ieremia, Joseph Santos, Bruce Neal, Mark Woodward, Marj Moodie, Colin Bell, Wendy Snowdon, Taiaopo Faumuina, Jacqui Webster
OBJECTIVE: Salt reduction is one of the most cost-effective interventions for the prevention of noncommunicable diseases, but there are no studies evaluating the effectiveness of national strategies in low or lower middle income countries. This study aimed to examine the effect of an 18-month nation-wide salt reduction strategy in Samoa. METHODS: Two nationally representative cross-sectional surveys of adults aged 18-64 years, measuring 24-h urinary salt excretion and salt-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours, were conducted before (2013) and after (2015) the intervention...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803883/the-provision-of-emergency-contraception-in-kinshasa-s-private-sector-pharmacies-experiences-of-mystery-clients
#11
Julie H Hernandez, Mbadu Muanda Fidèle, Mélissa Garcia, Annie Glover
OBJECTIVES: Recent programmatic and research efforts on addressing gaps in health systems of low-income countries increasingly see task shifting, i.e. the provision of healthcare by non-medically trained personnel, as a possible solution to increase the availability of specific services and commodities. In Kinshasa, private-sector pharmacies are the primary and preferred provider of family planning (FP) methods, and thus constitute a potential resource for expanding access to specific contraceptives...
August 10, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800290/factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-italian-version-of-the-homosexuality-scale-of-the-trueblood-sexual-attitudes-questionnaire
#12
Emanuele Fino, Marta Giuliani, Luca Pierleoni, Gaetano Gambino, Valentina Cosmi, Chiara Simonelli
The aim of the present study was to translate the Homosexuality scale of the Trueblood Sexual Attitudes Questionnaire in Italian language, and assess its factor structure and psychometric properties in Italian psychology students. The questionnaire was originally developed and validated in U.S. college students, and later in Turkish social work students, showing high internal consistency. It measures attitudes towards several sexual practices and behaviours, regarding self and others. Particularly, the Homosexuality scale measures attitudes towards different sexual and romantic practices with people of the same sex...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797309/aging-well-on-the-autism-spectrum-the-perspectives-of-autistic-adults-and-carers
#13
Ye In Jane Hwang, Kitty-Rose Foley, Julian N Trollor
BACKGROUND: "Aging well" is an increasingly popular concept in gerontology. Adults with disabilities such as autism spectrum disorder represent a demographically substantial population, yet remain excluded from existing conceptualizations of aging well. This qualitative study aimed to explore what it means for autistic adults to "age well" from the perspectives of autistic adults and carers. METHODS: Twenty-four semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 autistic adults (mean age 50...
August 11, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796023/exploring-the-influence-of-nurse-work-environment-and-patient-safety-culture-on-attitudes-toward-incident-reporting
#14
Moon Sook Yoo, Kyoung Ja Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the influence of nurse work environments and patient safety culture on attitudes toward incident reporting. BACKGROUND: Patient safety culture had been known as a factor of incident reporting by nurses. Positive work environment could be an important influencing factor for the safety behavior of nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used. The structured questionnaire was administered to 191 nurses working at a tertiary university hospital in South Korea...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793951/changes-in-surgical-team-performance-and-safety-climate-attitudes-following-expansion-of-perioperative-services-a-repeated-measures-study
#15
Brigid M Gillespie, Emma Harbeck, Evelyn Kang, Catherine Steel, Nicole Fairweather, Wendy Chaboyer
Objective The aim of the present study was to describe process changes in surgical team performance and team members' attitudes to safety culture following hospital relocation and expansion of perioperative services.Methods The study was a naturalistic study using structured observations and surveys to assess non-technical skills (NTS; i.e. communication, teamwork, situational awareness, decision making and leadership) in surgery. This interrupted time series design used mixed-linear regression models to examine the effect of phase (before and after hospital relocation) on surgical teams' NTS and their processes that may affect performance...
August 10, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793389/lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-parents-experiences-of-nurses-attitudes-in-child-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#16
Anna-Eva Andersen, Catherine Moberg, Anita Bengtsson Tops, Pernilla Garmy
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe lesbian, gay and bisexual parents' experiences of nurses' attitudes in child health care. BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay and bisexual people are often reluctant to disclose their gender identity for fear of discrimination. This fear may lead to avoidance of healthcare for themselves or their children and may negatively affect families' health and well-being. DESIGN: A qualitative inductive design was employed. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 lesbian, gay or bisexual parents (11 mothers and 3 fathers) with child health care experiences in southern Sweden...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793316/knowledge-of-hiv-related-disabilities-and-challenges-in-accessing-care-qualitative-research-from-zimbabwe
#17
Lena Morgon Banks, Maria Zuurmond, Rashida Ferrand, Hannah Kuper
INTRODUCTION: While the rapid expansion in antiretroviral therapy access in low and middle income countries has resulted in dramatic declines in mortality rates, many people living with HIV face new or worsening experiences of disability. As nearly 1 in 20 adults are living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa-many of whom are likely to develop disabling sequelae from long-term infection, co-morbidities and side effects of their treatment-understanding the availability and accessibility of services to address HIV-related disabilities is of vital importance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793126/scale-of-attitudes-toward-alcohol-spanish-version-evidences-of-validity-and-reliability
#18
Erika Gisseth León Ramírez, Divane de Vargas
Objective: validate the Scale of attitudes toward alcohol, alcoholism and individuals with alcohol use disorders in its Spanish version. Method: methodological study, involving 300 Colombian nurses. Adopting the classical theory, confirmatory factor analysis was applied without prior examination, based on the strong historical evidence of the factorial structure of the original scale to determine the construct validity of this Spanish version. To assess the reliability, Cronbach's Alpha and Mc Donalid's Omega coefficients were used...
August 3, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793091/-maltreatment-and-discrimination-in-induced-abortion-care-perception-of-women-in-teresina-state-of-piau%C3%A3-brazil
#19
Alberto Pereira Madeiro, Andréa Cronemberger Rufino
Treatment of complications resulting from induced abortion may be hampered by discriminatory attitudes manifested by healthcare professionals in hospitals and abortion services. This article retrieved stories of institutional abuse directed at women who had an induced abortion in illegal and unsafe conditions. Seventy-eight women admitted to a public hospital in Teresina for complications after an induced abortion were interviewed. A semi-structured script was used with questions about practices and itineraries of abortion and institutional violence during hospitalization...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789773/attitude-output-feedback-control-for-rigid-spacecraft-with-finite-time-convergence
#20
Qinglei Hu, Guanglin Niu
The main problem addressed is the quaternion-based attitude stabilization control of rigid spacecraft without angular velocity measurements in the presence of external disturbances and reaction wheel friction as well. As a stepping stone, an angular velocity observer is proposed for the attitude control of a rigid body in the absence of angular velocity measurements. The observer design ensures finite-time convergence of angular velocity state estimation errors irrespective of the control torque or the initial attitude state of the spacecraft...
August 5, 2017: ISA Transactions
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