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Persuasion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339427/a-critical-analysis-of-obamacare-affordable-care-or-insurance-for-many-and-coverage-for-few
#1
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Standiford Helm Ii, Ramsin M Benyamin, Joshua A Hirsch
The Affordable Care Act (ACA), of 2010, or Obamacare, was the most monumental change in US health care policy since the passage of Medicaid and Medicare in 1965. Since its enactment, numerous claims have been made on both sides of the aisle regarding the ACA's success or failure; these views often colored by political persuasion. The ACA had 3 primary goals: increasing the number of the insured, improving the quality of care, and reducing the costs of health care. One point often lost in the discussion is the distinction between affordability and access...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333500/catching-fire-and-spreading-it-a-glimpse-into-displayed-entrepreneurial-passion-in-crowdfunding-campaigns
#2
Junchao Jason Li, Xiao-Ping Chen, Suresh Kotha, Greg Fisher
Crowdfunding is an emerging phenomenon that enables entrepreneurs to solicit financial contributions for new projects from mass audiences. Drawing on the elaboration likelihood model of persuasion and emotional contagion theory, the authors examined the importance of displayed entrepreneurial passion when seeking resources in a crowdfunding context. They proposed that entrepreneurs' displayed passion in the introductory video for a crowdfunding project increases viewers' experienced enthusiasm about the project (i...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327217/realism-and-constructivism-in-social-perception
#3
John F Kihlstrom
Jussim's critique of social psychology's embrace of error and bias is needed and often persuasive. In opting for perceptual realism over social constructivism, however, he seems to ignore a third choice - a cognitive constructivism which has a long and distinguished history in the study of nonsocial perception, and which enables us to understand both accuracy and error.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325712/enlight-a-comprehensive-quality-and-therapeutic-potential-evaluation-tool-for-mobile-and-web-based-ehealth-interventions
#4
Amit Baumel, Keren Faber, Nandita Mathur, John M Kane, Fred Muench
BACKGROUND: Studies of criteria-based assessment tools have demonstrated the feasibility of objectively evaluating eHealth interventions independent of empirical testing. However, current tools have not included some quality constructs associated with intervention outcome, such as persuasive design, behavior change, or therapeutic alliance. In addition, the generalizability of such tools has not been explicitly examined. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to introduce the development and further analysis of the Enlight suite of measures, developed to incorporate the aforementioned concepts and address generalizability aspects...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316907/sleep-apps-and-behavioral-constructs-a-content-analysis
#5
Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, Jong Cheol Shin, Dayanna M Reeves, Ariana Beattie, Evan Auguste, Girardin Jean-Louis
Although sleep apps are among the most popular commercially available health apps, little is known about how well these apps are grounded in behavioral theory. Three-hundred and sixty-nine apps were initially identified using the term "sleep" from the Google play store and Apple iTunes in September 2015. The final sample consisted of 35 apps that met the following inclusion criteria: 1) Stand-alone functionality; 2) Sleep tracker or monitor apps ranked by 100 + users; 3) Sleep Alarm apps ranked by 1000 + users; and 4) English language...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301181/social-mediation-of-persuasive-media-in-adolescent-substance-prevention
#6
William D Crano, Eusebio M Alvaro, Cara N Tan, Jason T Siegel
Social commentary about prevention messages may affect their likelihood of acceptance. To investigate this possibility, student participants (N = 663) viewed 3 antimarijuana advertisements, each followed immediately by videotaped discussions involving 4 adults or 4 adolescents using either extreme or moderate language in their positive commentaries. The commentaries were expected to affect participants' perceptions of the extent to which the ads were designed to control their behavior (perceived control), which was hypothesized to inhibit persuasion...
March 16, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297719/smartphone-users-understanding-how-security-mechanisms-are-perceived-and-new-persuasive-methods
#7
Mansour Alsaleh, Noura Alomar, Abdulrahman Alarifi
Protecting smartphones against security threats is a multidimensional problem involving human and technological factors. This study investigates how smartphone users' security- and privacy-related decisions are influenced by their attitudes, perceptions, and understanding of various security threats. In this work, we seek to provide quantified insights into smartphone users' behavior toward multiple key security features including locking mechanisms, application repositories, mobile instant messaging, and smartphone location services...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283520/biogeography-of-a-novel-clade-of-ensifer-meliloti-associated-with-the-australian-legume-trigonella-suavissima
#8
Bertrand Eardly, Patrick Elia, John Brockwell, Daniel Golemboski, Peter van Berkum
Here we describe a novel clade within Ensifer meliloti and consider how geographic and ecological isolation contributed to the limited distribution of this group. Members of the genus Ensifer are best known for their ability to form nitrogen-fixing symbioses with forage legumes of three related genera, Medicago L., Melilotus Mill., and Trigonella L., which are members of the tribe Trifoleae. They have a natural distribution extending from the Mediterranean basin through west Asia, where there is an unsurpassed number of species belonging to these genera...
March 10, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278612/complementary-public-service-announcements-as-a-strategy-for-enhancing-the-impact-of-health-promoting-messages-in-fictional-television-programs
#9
Lynda M Bavin, R Glynn Owens
Research suggests that health-promoting storylines in developed nations' fictional television programs can have a beneficial impact on viewers' beliefs, attitudes, intentions, or behaviors. The sizes of the effects are generally modest; however, the audience reach is substantial. Given that many fictional programs may hold the prolonged attention of millions of viewers, it is of value to examine potential strategies for enhancing the persuasive impact of their health-promoting storylines. Complementary public service announcements may be a promising strategy...
February 17, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276946/role-of-humor-in-the-persuasiveness-of-entertainment-narratives-on-unprotected-sexual-behavior
#10
Michelle L Futerfas, Xiaoli Nan
Past research involving the persuasive impact of entertainment narratives on health attitudes and behavior has largely been limited to dramatic narratives. The current research focuses on humorous narratives related to unprotected sex. We conducted an experiment (N = 161) in which female viewers were exposed to a humorous story line about unprotected sex, an identical story line with humor edited out, or a story line unrelated to unprotected sex. Our findings suggested that humor increased perceived severity of unintended pregnancy, while having no effect on counterarguing...
February 19, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276097/-opening-remarks-at-a-practical-seminary-by-james-strachey
#11
Phillida B Rosnick
This manuscript, dated 1941, is a class on technique taught by James Strachey to first-year candidates at the British Psychoanalytical Society (BPS), located in the Archives of BPS. As the last of three written manuscripts on transference interpretation, it offers an opportunity to trace the development and subtle shift in Strachey's thinking following his 1934 paper (Strachey, , ). The lecture is striking in its precise language, and in the complexity of the issues discussed. Through the use of an optical metaphor, the magic lantern, Strachey illustrates transference, what is therapeutic about a transference interpretation and describes projective identification and some aspects of counter-transference without naming them as such...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274245/identifying-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-tuberculosis-contact-investigation-in-kampala-uganda-a-behavioral-approach
#12
Irene Ayakaka, Sara Ackerman, Joseph M Ggita, Phoebe Kajubi, David Dowdy, Jessica E Haberer, Elizabeth Fair, Philip Hopewell, Margaret A Handley, Adithya Cattamanchi, Achilles Katamba, J Lucian Davis
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends routine household tuberculosis contact investigation in high-burden countries but adoption has been limited. We sought to identify barriers to and facilitators of TB contact investigation during its introduction in Kampala, Uganda. METHODS: We collected cross-sectional qualitative data through focus group discussions and interviews with stakeholders, addressing three core activities of contact investigation: arranging household screening visits through index TB patients, visiting households to screen contacts and refer them to clinics, and evaluating at-risk contacts coming to clinics...
March 9, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268031/-content-analysis-of-food-adverts-aimed-at-children
#13
José Antonio Ponce-Blandón, Manuel Pabón-Carrasco, María de Las Mercedes Lomas-Campos
OBJECTIVE: To determine the contents and persuasive techniques used in processed food adverts aimed at children in Andalusia, comparing them with those aimed at adults. METHODS: Study based on advert content analysis with two phases: a descriptive design phase and an analytical observational design phase. A sample of adverts from 60hours of broadcasting from the two most watched television channels in Andalusia. RESULTS: A total of 416 food and non-alcoholic beverage adverts were obtained, for 91 different products...
March 3, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266878/effects-of-tailoring-ingredients-in-auditory-persuasive-health-messages-on-fruit-and-vegetable-intake
#14
Sarah P Elbert, Arie Dijkstra, Andrea D Rozema
OBJECTIVE: Health messages can be tailored by applying different tailoring ingredients, among which personalisation, feedback and adaptation. This experiment investigated the separate effects of these tailoring ingredients on behaviour in auditory health persuasion. Furthermore, the moderating effect of self-efficacy was assessed. DESIGN: The between-participants design consisted of four conditions. A generic health message served as a control condition; personalisation was applied using the recipient's first name, feedback was given on the personal state, or the message was adapted to the recipient's value...
March 7, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257511/the-future-of-veterinary-communication-partnership-or-persuasion-a-qualitative-investigation-of-veterinary-communication-in-the-pursuit-of-client-behaviour-change
#15
Alison M Bard, David C J Main, Anne M Haase, Helen R Whay, Emma J Roe, Kristen K Reyher
Client behaviour change is at the heart of veterinary practice, where promoting animal health and welfare is often synonymous with engaging clients in animal management practices. In the medical realm, extensive research points to the link between practitioner communication and patient behavioural outcomes, suggesting that the veterinary industry could benefit from a deeper understanding of veterinarian communication and its effects on client motivation. Whilst extensive studies have quantified language components typical of the veterinary consultation, the literature is lacking in-depth qualitative analysis in this context...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250765/a-novel-ensemble-method-for-imbalanced-data-learning-bagging-of-extrapolation-smote-svm
#16
Qi Wang, ZhiHao Luo, JinCai Huang, YangHe Feng, Zhong Liu
Class imbalance ubiquitously exists in real life, which has attracted much interest from various domains. Direct learning from imbalanced dataset may pose unsatisfying results overfocusing on the accuracy of identification and deriving a suboptimal model. Various methodologies have been developed in tackling this problem including sampling, cost-sensitive, and other hybrid ones. However, the samples near the decision boundary which contain more discriminative information should be valued and the skew of the boundary would be corrected by constructing synthetic samples...
2017: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249831/negotiating-tensions-between-theory-and-design-in-the-development-of-mailings-for-people-recovering-from-acute-coronary-syndrome
#17
Holly O Witteman, Justin Presseau, Emily Nicholas Angl, Iffat Jokhio, J D Schwalm, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Beth Bosiak, Madhu K Natarajan, Noah M Ivers
BACKGROUND: Taking all recommended secondary prevention cardiac medications and fully participating in a formal cardiac rehabilitation program significantly reduces mortality and morbidity in the year following a heart attack. However, many people who have had a heart attack stop taking some or all of their recommended medications prematurely and many do not complete a formal cardiac rehabilitation program. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to develop a user-centered, theory-based, scalable intervention of printed educational materials to encourage and support people who have had a heart attack to use recommended secondary prevention cardiac treatments...
March 1, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247961/understanding-the-adoption-process-of-national-security-technology-an-integration-of-diffusion-of-innovations-and-volitional-behavior-theories
#18
Irina A Iles, Michael J Egnoto, Brooke Fisher Liu, Gary Ackerman, Holly Roberts, Daniel Smith
After the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the U.S. government initiated several national security technology adoption programs. The American public, however, has been skeptical about these initiatives and adoption of national security technologies has been mandated, rather than voluntary. We propose and test a voluntary behavioral intention formation model for the adoption of one type of new security technology: portable radiation detectors. Portable radiation detectors are an efficient way of detecting radiological and nuclear threats and could potentially prevent loss of life and damage to individuals' health...
March 1, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240271/coherent-activity-between-brain-regions-that-code-for-value-is-linked-to-the-malleability-of-human-behavior
#19
Nicole Cooper, Danielle S Bassett, Emily B Falk
Brain activity in medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) during exposure to persuasive messages can predict health behavior change. This brain-behavior relationship has been linked to areas of MPFC previously associated with self-related processing; however, the mechanism underlying this relationship is unclear. We explore two components of self-related processing - self-reflection and subjective valuation - and examine coherent activity between relevant networks of brain regions during exposure to health messages encouraging exercise and discouraging sedentary behaviors...
February 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236740/the-relationship-between-adult-attachment-orientation-and-child-self-regulation-in-eating-the-mediating-role-of-persuasive-controlling-feeding-practices
#20
Elisabeth M Powell, Leslie A Frankel, Tomo Umemura, Nancy Hazen
The present study examines the hypothesis that adult attachment orientation, specifically anxious attachment, is related to children's diminished ability to self-regulate their food intake, and that this relationship is mediated by parents' persuasive-controlling feeding practices. Two hundred and sixty five mothers and fathers of preschool children completed online questionnaires that included measures of Adult Attachment Orientation, Parental Persuasive-Controlling Feeding Practices, and Child Self-Regulation of Eating...
February 14, 2017: Eating Behaviors
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