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Persuasion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914356/can-podcasts-for-assessment-guidance-and-feedback-promote-self-efficacy-among-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-qualitative-study
#1
Linda C McSwiggan, Maureen Campbell
BACKGROUND: Improving assessment guidance and feedback for students has become an international priority within higher education. Podcasts have been proposed as a tool for enhancing teaching, learning and assessment. However, a stronger theory-based rationale for using podcasts, particularly as a means of facilitating assessment guidance and feedback, is required. OBJECTIVE: To explore students' experiences of using podcasts for assessment guidance and feedback...
November 27, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912928/translating-self-persuasion-into-an-adolescent-hpv-vaccine-promotion-intervention-for-parents-attending-safety-net-clinics
#2
Austin S Baldwin, Deanna C Denman, Margarita Sala, Emily G Marks, L Aubree Shay, Sobha Fuller, Donna Persaud, Simon Craddock Lee, Celette Sugg Skinner, Deborah J Wiebe, Jasmin A Tiro
OBJECTIVE: Self-persuasion is an effective behavior change strategy, but has not been translated for low-income, less educated, uninsured populations attending safety-net clinics or to promote human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. We developed a tablet-based application (in English and Spanish) to elicit parental self-persuasion for adolescent HPV vaccination and evaluated its feasibility in a safety-net population. METHODS: Parents (N=45) of age-eligible adolescents used the self-persuasion application...
November 20, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911096/evaluating-health-advice-in-a-web-2-0-environment-the-impact-of-multiple-user-generated-factors-on-hiv-advice-perceptions
#3
Joseph B Walther, Jeong-Woo Jang, Ashley A Hanna Edwards
Unlike traditional media, social media systems often present information of different types from different kinds of contributors within a single message pane, a juxtaposition of potential influences that challenges traditional health communication processing. One type of social media system, question-and-answer advice systems, provides peers' answers to health-related questions, which yet other peers read and rate. Responses may appear good or bad, responders may claim expertise, and others' aggregated evaluations of an answer's usefulness may affect readers' judgments...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909026/student-buy-in-to-active-learning-in-a-college-science-course
#4
Andrew J Cavanagh, Oriana R Aragón, Xinnian Chen, Brian Couch, Mary Durham, Aiyana Bobrownicki, David I Hanauer, Mark J Graham
The benefits of introducing active learning in college science courses are well established, yet more needs to be understood about student buy-in to active learning and how that process of buy-in might relate to student outcomes. We test the exposure-persuasion-identification-commitment (EPIC) process model of buy-in, here applied to student (n = 245) engagement in an undergraduate science course featuring active learning. Student buy-in to active learning was positively associated with engagement in self-regulated learning and students' course performance...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908844/quittr-the-design-of-a-video-game-to-support-smoking-cessation
#5
Ivan Bindoff, Kristy de Salas, Gregory Peterson, Tristan Ling, Ian Lewis, Lindsay Wells, Peter Gee, Stuart G Ferguson
BACKGROUND: Smoking is recognized as the largest, single, preventable cause of death and disease in the developed world. While the majority of smokers report wanting to quit, and many try each year, smokers find it difficult to maintain long-term abstinence. Behavioral support, such as education, advice, goal-setting, and encouragement, is known to be beneficial in improving the likelihood of succeeding in a quit attempt, but it remains difficult to effectively deliver this behavioral support and keep the patient engaged with the process for a sufficient duration...
December 1, 2016: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907168/are-urinary-tubular-injury-markers-useful-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Le-Ting Zhou, Lin-Li Lv, Ming-Ming Pan, Yu-Han Cao, Hong Liu, Ye Feng, Hai-Feng Ni, Bi-Cheng Liu
BACKGROUND: Adverse outcome of chronic kidney disease, such as end stage renal disease, is a significant burden on personal health and healthcare costs. Urinary tubular injury markers, such as NGAL, KIM-1 and NAG, could provide useful prognostic value for the early identification of high-risk patients. However, discrepancies between recent large prospective studies have resulted in controversy regarding the potential clinical value of these markers. Therefore, we conducted the first meta-analysis to provide a more persuasive argument to this debate...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890360/anti-tubercular-peptides-a-quest-of-future-therapeutic-weapon-to-combat-tuberculosis
#7
REVIEW
Ameer Khusro, Chirom Aarti, Paul Agastian
Tuberculosis (TB) is a symbolic menace to mankind, infecting almost one third of the world's populace and causing over a million mortalities annually. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is the key pathogen of TB that invades and replicates inside the host's macrophage. With the emerging dilemma of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and extensively-drug resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB), the exigency for developing new TB drugs is an obligation now for worldwide researchers. Among the propitious antimycobacterial agents examined in last few decades, anti-tubercular peptides have been substantiated to be persuasive with multiple advantages such as low immunogenicity, selective affinity to bacterial negatively charged cell envelopes and most importantly divergent mechanisms of action...
November 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876690/-mommy-blogs-and-the-vaccination-exemption-narrative-results-from-a-machine-learning-approach-for-story-aggregation-on-parenting-social-media-sites
#8
Timothy R Tangherlini, Vwani Roychowdhury, Beth Glenn, Catherine M Crespi, Roja Bandari, Akshay Wadia, Misagh Falahi, Ehsan Ebrahimzadeh, Roshan Bastani
BACKGROUND: Social media offer an unprecedented opportunity to explore how people talk about health care at a very large scale. Numerous studies have shown the importance of websites with user forums for people seeking information related to health. Parents turn to some of these sites, colloquially referred to as "mommy blogs," to share concerns about children's health care, including vaccination. Although substantial work has considered the role of social media, particularly Twitter, in discussions of vaccination and other health care-related issues, there has been little work on describing the underlying structure of these discussions and the role of persuasive storytelling, particularly on sites with no limits on post length...
November 22, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874995/changes-in-self-efficacy-collective-efficacy-and-patient-outcome-following-interprofessional-simulation-training-on-postpartum-haemorrhage
#9
Signe Egenberg, Pål Øian, Torbjørn Moe Eggebø, Mirjana Grujic Arsenovic, Lars Edvin Bru
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine whether interprofessional simulation training on management of postpartum haemorrhage enhances self-efficacy and collective efficacy and reduces the blood transfusion rate after birth. BACKGROUND: Postpartum haemorrhage is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide, although it is preventable in most cases. Interprofessional simulation training might help improve the competence of health professionals dealing with postpartum haemorrhage, and more information is needed to determine its potential...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870758/the-relationship-between-advertising-induced-anger-and-self-efficacy-on-persuasive-outcomes-a-test-of-the-anger-activism-model-using-the-truth-campaign
#10
Vinu Ilakkuvan, Monique Mitchell Turner, Jennifer Cantrell, Elizabeth Hair, Donna Vallone
Turner's Anger Activism Model (AAM) contends anger and efficacy interact in a unique way to determine message responses to campaign materials. This study tested the AAM using responses to 2 truth antismoking advertisements collected in August-October 2014 via an online, cross-sectional survey of 15- to 21-year-olds. Those aware of each of the truth advertisements (n = 319 for each) were organized into 4 anger/efficacy groups. Analysis of variance and regressions were conducted to understand group differences in message-related cognitions (persuasiveness, receptivity, conversation)...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867218/predictive-validity-of-an-empirical-approach-for-selecting-promising-message-topics-a-randomized-controlled-study
#11
Stella Juhyun Lee, Emily Brennan, Laura Anne Gibson, Andy S L Tan, Ani Kybert-Momjian, Jiaying Liu, Robert Hornik
Several message topic selection approaches propose that messages based on beliefs pretested and found to be more strongly associated with intentions will be more effective in changing population intentions and behaviors when used in a campaign. This study aimed to validate the underlying causal assumption of these approaches which rely on cross-sectional belief-intention associations. We experimentally tested whether messages addressing promising themes as identified by the above criterion were more persuasive than messages addressing less promising themes...
June 2016: Journal of Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859798/how-to-encourage-non-donors-to-be-more-willing-to-donate-blood-testing-of-binding-communication-based-interventions
#12
D Fonte, J Blondé, F Girandola
OBJECTIVES: Our study aims to test the effectiveness of binding communication based interventions (vs classical persuasive communication based ones) inciting non-donors to act in favour of blood donation. BACKGROUND: The implementation of effective communication interventions represents a major public health issue. Nevertheless, persuasive media campaigns appear to have little effect on behaviours. Even though non-donors hold a positive attitude towards blood donation, they are not inclined to donate...
November 10, 2016: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858526/when-bad-things-happen-to-a-protagonist-like-you-the-role-of-self-in-resistance-to-negatively-framed-health-narratives
#13
Hye Kyung Kim, Michael A Shapiro
This study examines when and how shared risk-relevant experience (autobiographic similarity) influences resistance to negatively framed health narratives. We conducted a 2 (narrative perspective: 1st vs. 3rd person) × 2 (processing motive: experiential vs. analytical) randomized experiment with a short narrative depicting the negative effects of an illicitly used study drug. For those autobiographically similar to the study drug user, a 1st-person narration (vs. 3rd-person) produced greater transportation only when participants processed to understand the story (experiential condition), whereas the reverse was found when participants processed for the persuasive message (analytical condition)...
December 2016: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848935/distinct-roles-of-creb-within-the-ventral-and-dorsal-hippocampus-in-mediating-nicotine-withdrawal-phenotypes
#14
Miranda Fisher, Rachel LeMalefant, Luyi Zhou, Gavin Huang, Jill Turner
Addiction to nicotine and the inability to quit smoking are influenced by genetic factors, emphasizing the importance of understanding how genes and drugs of abuse mechanistically impact each other. One well-characterized protein responsible for regulating both response to drugs and gene expression is the transcription factor CREB. Previous work indicates that hippocampal specific alterations in CREB signaling and synaptic plasticity may underlie certain nicotine withdrawal phenotypes. However, the structure of the hippocampus possesses dorsal and ventral sub-regions, each differing in behavioral, anatomic and gene expression characteristics...
November 16, 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844451/information-regulation-and-coordination-realist-analysis-of-the-efforts-of-community-health-committees-to-limit-informal-health-care-providers-in-nigeria
#15
Seye Abimbola, Kemi Ogunsina, Augustina N Charles-Okoli, Joel Negin, Alexandra L Martiniuk, Stephen Jan
One of the consequences of ineffective governments is that they leave space for unlicensed and unregulated informal providers without formal training to deliver a large proportion of health services. Without institutions that facilitate appropriate health care transactions, patients tend to navigate health care markets from one inappropriate provider to another, receiving sub-optimal care, before they find appropriate providers; all the while incurring personal transaction costs. But the top-down interventions to address this barrier to accessing care are hampered by weak governments, as informal providers are entrenched in communities...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842479/rfdt-a-rotation-forest-based-predictor-for-predicting-drug-target-interactions-using-drug-structure-and-protein-sequence-information
#16
Lei Wang, Zhu-Hong You, Xing Chen, Xin Yan, Gang Liu, Wei Zhang
Identification of interaction between drugs and target proteins plays an important role in discovering new drug candidates. However, through the experimental method to identify the drug-target interactions remain to be extremely time-consuming, expensive and challenging even nowadays. Therefore, it is urgent to develop new computational methods to predict potential drug-target interactions (DTI). In this article, a novel computational model is developed for predicting potential drug-target interactions under the theory that each drug-target interaction pair can be represented by the structural properties from drugs and evolutionary information derived from proteins...
November 14, 2016: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833070/a-systematic-review-of-apps-using-mobile-criteria-for-adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-mcapp
#17
Elizabeth Chen, Emily Rose Mangone
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in the United States and globally represent a high-risk population for unintended pregnancy, which leads to high social, economic, and health costs. Access to smartphone apps is rapidly increasing among youth, but little is known about the strategies that apps employ to prevent pregnancy among adolescents and young adults. Further, there are no guidelines on best practices for adolescent and young adult pregnancy prevention through mobile apps. OBJECTIVE: This review developed a preliminary evaluation framework for the assessment of mobile apps for adolescent and young adult pregnancy prevention and used this framework to assess available apps in the Apple App Store and Google Play that targeted adolescents and young adults with family planning and pregnancy prevention support...
November 10, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826134/impact-of-a-collective-intelligence-tailored-messaging-system-on-smoking-cessation-the-perspect-randomized-experiment
#18
Rajani Shankar Sadasivam, Erin M Borglund, Roy Adams, Benjamin M Marlin, Thomas K Houston
BACKGROUND: Outside health care, content tailoring is driven algorithmically using machine learning compared to the rule-based approach used in current implementations of computer-tailored health communication (CTHC) systems. A special class of machine learning systems ("recommender systems") are used to select messages by combining the collective intelligence of their users (ie, the observed and inferred preferences of users as they interact with the system) and their user profiles. However, this approach has not been adequately tested for CTHC...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825595/effect-of-a-national-4c-antibiotic-stewardship-intervention-on-the-clinical-and-molecular-epidemiology-of-clostridium-difficile-infections-in-a-region-of-scotland-a-non-linear-time-series-analysis
#19
Timothy Lawes, José-María Lopez-Lozano, Cesar A Nebot, Gillian Macartney, Rashmi Subbarao-Sharma, Karen D Wares, Carolyn Sinclair, Ian M Gould
BACKGROUND: Whereas many antibiotics increase risk of Clostridium difficile infection through dysbiosis, epidemic C difficile ribotypes characterised by multidrug resistance might depend on antibiotic selection pressures arising from population use of specific drugs. We examined the effect of a national antibiotic stewardship intervention limiting the use of 4C antibiotics (fluoroquinolones, clindamycin, co-amoxiclav, and cephalosporins) and other infection prevention and control strategies on the clinical and molecular epidemiology of C difficile infections in northeast Scotland...
November 4, 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824269/differential-effects-of-message-framing-on-obesity-policy-support-between-democrats-and-republicans
#20
Tae Kyoung Lee, Hye Kyung Kim
This study tests whether gain- and loss-framed messages about establishing obesity-reducing policies have different persuasive effects on Republicans and Democrats. In a randomized between-subject experiment, participants (N = 384) read a message emphasizing either benefits to a society by establishing policies aimed to reduce obesity (i.e., gain-framed message) or costs to a society that fails to establish those policies (i.e., loss-framed message). Results indicated that Democrats perceived the gain-framed message as more persuasive than the loss-framed message and the perceived argument strength fully mediated the framing effect on Democrats' policy support; however, there was no framing effect on perceived argument strength among Republicans...
November 8, 2016: Health Communication
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