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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749148/death-narratives-and-cervical-cancer-impact-of-character-death-on-narrative-processing-and-hpv-vaccination
#1
Melinda Krakow, Robert N Yale, Debora Perez Torres, Katheryn Christy, Jakob D Jensen
OBJECTIVES: Narratives hold promise as an effective public health message strategy for health behavior change, yet research on what types of narratives are most persuasive is still in the formative stage. Narrative persuasion research has identified 2 promising features of such messages that could influence behavior: whether characters live or die, and whether characters encounter key barriers. This study investigated the effects of these 2 narrative message features on young women's HPV vaccination intentions and examined mediating psychological processes of narrative persuasion in the context of cervical cancer messages...
July 27, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747293/improving-employee-well-being-and-effectiveness-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-web-based-psychological-interventions-delivered-in-the-workplace
#2
Stephany Carolan, Peter R Harris, Kate Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: Stress, depression, and anxiety among working populations can result in reduced work performance and increased absenteeism. Although there is evidence that these common mental health problems are preventable and treatable in the workplace, uptake of psychological treatments among the working population is low. One way to address this may be the delivery of occupational digital mental health interventions. While there is convincing evidence for delivering digital psychological interventions within a health and community context, there is no systematic review or meta-analysis of these interventions in an occupational setting...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737418/charisma-in-everyday-life-conceptualization-and-validation-of-the-general-charisma-inventory
#3
Konstantin O Tskhay, Rebecca Zhu, Christopher Zou, Nicholas O Rule
Although both scholars and lay people are fascinated with charismatic individuals, relatively few theorists have attempted to define charisma. Much of the empirical research examining charisma has focused on leadership. Even within that literature, however, theorists have focused on charisma's outcomes, leaving unarticulated what charisma actually is. Here, we tested an operational conceptualization of charisma in the context of everyday life. Specifically, we proposed that charisma is composed of the interpersonally focused dimensions of influence (the ability to guide others) and affability (the ability to make other people feel comfortable and at ease)...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736391/-i-wanted-to-safeguard-the-baby-a-qualitative-study-to-understand-the-experiences-of-option-b-for-pregnant-women-and-the-potential-implications-for-test-and-treat-in-four-sub-saharan-african-settings
#4
Estelle McLean, Jenny Renju, Joyce Wamoyi, Dominic Bukenya, William Ddaaki, Kathryn Church, Basia Zaba, Alison Wringe
OBJECTIVE: To explore what influences on engagement with Option B+ in four sub-Saharan African settings. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted in 2015, with 22 HIV-positive women who had been pregnant since Option B+ was available, and 15 healthcare workers (HCWs) involved in HIV service delivery. Participants were purposely selected from four health and demographic surveillance sites in Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda. A thematic content analysis was conducted to investigate what influenced engagement with Option B+...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735372/a-systematic-review-and-taxonomy-of-published-quality-criteria-related-to-the-evaluation-of-user-facing-ehealth-programs
#5
Amit Baumel, Michael L Birnbaum, Madalina Sucala
The purpose of this review was to identify and classify key criteria concepts related to the evaluation of user-facing eHealth programs. In line with the PRISMA statement methodology, computer searches of relevant databases were conducted for studies published between January 1, 2000 and March 1, 2016 that contained explicit quality criteria related to mHealth and eHealth products. Reference lists of included articles, review articles, and grey literature (e.g., books, websites) were searched for additional sources...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734852/azodicarbonamide-adca-a-reconsideration-of-classification-as-a-respiratory-sensitiser
#6
Josje Arts, Ian Kimber
Azodicarbonamide (ADCA) is widely used by industry in the manufacture of a variety of products. ADCA has been classified as a respiratory allergen, and the purpose of this article was to consider whether this classification is appropriate based upon the available data. Here both clinical experience and relevant experimental data have been reviewed. Although there have been reports of an association between workplace exposure to ADCA and symptoms of respiratory allergy and occupational asthma, the evidence is less than persuasive, with in many instances a lack of properly controlled and executed diagnostic procedures...
July 19, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730402/theoretical-perspectives-of-adherence-to-web-based-interventions-a-scoping-review
#7
Cathal Ryan, Michael Bergin, John Sg Wells
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to review the literature as this relates to theoretical perspectives of adherence to web-based interventions, drawing upon empirical evidence from the fields of psychology, business, information technology and health care. METHODS: A scoping review of the literature utilising principles outlined by Arksey and O'Malley was undertaken. RESULTS: Several relevant theoretical perspectives have emerged, eight of which are charted and discussed in this review...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728603/the-effect-of-using-social-pressure-in-cover-letters-to-improve-retention-in-a-longitudinal-health-study-an-embedded-randomised-controlled-retention-trial
#8
Sarah Cotterill, Kelly Howells, Sarah Rhodes, Peter Bower
BACKGROUND: Retention of participants in cohort studies is important for validity. One way to promote retention is by sending a persuasive cover letter with surveys. The study aimed to compare the effectiveness of a covering letter containing social pressure with a standard covering letter on retention in a health cohort study. Social pressure involves persuading people to behave in a certain way by the promise that their actions will be made know to others. We implemented a mild form of social pressure, where the recipient was told that information about whether they responded to the current survey would be noted by the research team and printed on future correspondence from the research team to the recipient...
July 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726454/attitude-roots-and-jiu-jitsu-persuasion-understanding-and-overcoming-the-motivated-rejection-of-science
#9
Matthew J Hornsey, Kelly S Fielding
There is a worryingly large chasm between scientific consensus and popular opinion. Roughly one third of Americans are skeptical that humans are primarily responsible for climate change; rates of some infectious diseases are climbing in the face of anti-immunization beliefs; and significant numbers of the population worldwide are antievolution creationists. It is easy to assume that resistance to an evidence-based message is a result of ignorance or failure to grasp evidence (the "deficit model" of science communication)...
July 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722213/countering-resistance-to-protected-area-extension
#10
David Lindenmayer, Simon Thorn, Reed Noss
The establishment of protected areas is a critical strategy for conserving biodiversity. Key policy directives like the Aichi targets seek to expand protected areas to 17% of the earth's land surface, with calls by some conservation biologists for much more. However, in places such as the USA, Germany and Australia, attempts to increase protected areas are meeting strong resistance from communities, industry groups, and governments. Here we provide case studies of such resistance and suggest four ways to tackle this problem: (1) Broaden the case for protected areas beyond just nature conservation, to include the economic, human health, and other benefits, and translate these into a persuasive business case for protected areas...
July 19, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714432/paths-to-improving-care-of-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-women-following-gestational-diabetes
#11
Sandra Campbell, Nicolette Roux, Cilla Preece, Eileen Rafter, Bronwyn Davis, Jackie Mein, Jacqueline Boyle, Bronwyn Fredericks, Catherine Chamberlain
Aim To understand enablers and barriers influencing postpartum screening for type 2 diabetes following gestational diabetes in Australian Indigenous women and how screening might be improved. BACKGROUND: Australian Indigenous women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are less likely than other Australian women to receive postpartum diabetes screening. This is despite a fourfold higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes within eight years postpartum. METHODS: We conducted interviews with seven Indigenous women with previous GDM, focus groups with 20 Indigenous health workers and workshops with 24 other health professionals...
July 17, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704141/it-s-no-laughing-matter-an-exploratory-study-of-the-use-of-ironic-versus-sarcastic-humor-in-health-related-advertising-messages
#12
Irina Alexandra Iles, Xiaoli Nan
We examined the persuasive effects of ironic and sarcastic versus no humor appeals in health messages and the potential differential effects of ironic versus sarcastic humor. Findings of a controlled experiment (N = 303) suggested that sarcastic messages, as compared to no humor messages, resulted in less negative affect, more counterarguing, and decreased perceived argument strength. Ironic messages led to more counterarguing than no humor messages. Significant differences in counterarguing, perceived argument strength, and attitudes toward the risky behavior were detected between the two humor types...
July 13, 2017: Health Marketing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695299/adjuvant-ovarian-suppression-for-resected-breast-cancer-2017-critical-assessment
#13
EDITORIAL
Steven E Vogl
Currently available data supporting adjuvant ovarian function suppression for resected breast cancer in premenopausal women in addition to standard chemotherapy and tamoxifen are not persuasive, even though an ASCO guideline supports them. Available information from the key trial, called "SOFT," has only 5-year follow-up in a 15-year disease. It employs breast cancer events as an endpoint, rather than distant metastases, or better still, death from any cause. The small advantages reported to date may disappear when aromatase inhibitors are given after the occurrence of menopause in the control population...
July 10, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691028/production-of-a-functional-frozen-yogurt-fortified-with-bifidobacterium-spp
#14
Amro Abdelazez, Zafarullah Muhammad, Qiu-Xue Zhang, Zong-Tao Zhu, Heba Abdelmotaal, Rokayya Sami, Xiang-Chen Meng
Frozen dairy products have characteristics of both yogurt and ice cream and could be the persuasive carriers of probiotics. Functions of the frozen yogurt containing viable bifidobacterial cells are recognized and favored by the people of all ages. We developed a kind of yogurt supplemented by Bifidobacterium species. Firstly, five strains of Bifidobacterium spp. (Bifidobacterium bifidum ATCC 11547, Bifidobacterium longum ATCC 11549, Bifidobacterium infantis ATCC 11551, Bifidobacterium adolescentis ATCC 11550, and Bifidobacterium breve ATCC 11548) were evaluated based on the feasibility criteria of probiotics, comprising acid production, bile tolerance, and adhesion to epithelial cells...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690701/models-and-theories-of-prescribing-decisions-a-review-and-suggested-a-new-model
#15
Mohsen Ali Murshid, Zurina Mohaidin
To date, research on the prescribing decisions of physician lacks sound theoretical foundations. In fact, drug prescribing by doctors is a complex phenomenon influenced by various factors. Most of the existing studies in the area of drug prescription explain the process of decision-making by physicians via the exploratory approach rather than theoretical. Therefore, this review is an attempt to suggest a value conceptual model that explains the theoretical linkages existing between marketing efforts, patient and pharmacist and physician decision to prescribe the drugs...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682187/making-vaccine-messaging-stick-perceived-causal-instability-as-a-barrier-to-effective-vaccine-messaging
#16
Graham N Dixon
Health officials often face challenges in communicating the risks associated with not vaccinating, where persuasive messages can fail to elicit desired responses. However, the mechanisms behind these failures have not been fully ascertained. To address this gap, an experiment (N = 163) tested the differences between loss-framed messages-one emphasizing the consequence of not receiving a flu vaccine; the other emphasizing the consequence of receiving the flu vaccine. Despite an identical consequence (i.e., Guillain-Barre syndrome), the message highlighting the consequence of not receiving the flu vaccine produced lower negative affect scores as compared to the message highlighting the consequence of receiving the flu vaccine...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673483/persuasive-texts-for-prompting-action-agency-assignment-in-hpv-vaccination-reminders
#17
Matthew S McGlone, Keri K Stephens, Serena A Rodriguez, Maria E Fernandez
Vaccination reminders must both inform and persuade, and text messages designed for this purpose must do so in 160 characters or less. We tested a strategy for improving the impact of HPV vaccination text message reminders through strategic wording. In an experiment conducted in community settings, 167 Spanish-speaking Latina mothers reviewed text message reminders that assigned the cause or "agency" for HPV transmission to their daughters or the virus, and assigned protection agency to the mothers or the vaccine...
June 30, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656811/nudging-resisters-toward-change-self-persuasion-interventions-for-reducing-attitude-certainty
#18
Spencer Greenberg, Danielle Brand, Aislinn Pluta, Douglas Moore, Kirsten DeConti
PURPOSE: To identify effective self-persuasion protocols that could easily be adapted to face-to-face clinical sessions or health-related computer applications as a first step in breaking patient resistance. DESIGN: Two self-persuasion interventions were tested against 2 controls in a between-subject randomized control experiment. SETTING: GuidedTrack-a web-based platform for social science experiments. PARTICIPANTS: Six hundred seventeen adult participants recruited via Mechanical Turk...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653253/two-track-virtual-screening-approach-to-identify-both-competitive-and-allosteric-inhibitors-of-human-small-c-terminal-domain-phosphatase-1
#19
Hwangseo Park, Hye Seon Lee, Bonsu Ku, Sang-Rae Lee, Seung Jun Kim
Despite a wealth of persuasive evidence for the involvement of human small C-terminal domain phosphatase 1 (Scp1) in the impairment of neuronal differentiation and in Huntington's disease, small-molecule inhibitors of Scp1 have been rarely reported so far. This study aims to the discovery of both competitive and allosteric Scp1 inhibitors through the two-track virtual screening procedure. By virtue of the improvement of the scoring function by implementing a new molecular solvation energy term and by reoptimizing the atomic charges for the active-site Mg(2+) ion cluster, we have been able to identify three allosteric and five competitive Scp1 inhibitors with low-micromolar inhibitory activity...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647252/source-apportionment-of-perfluoroalkyl-substances-in-surface-sediments-from-lakes-in-jiangsu-province-china-comparison-of-three-receptor-models
#20
Yanjie Qi, Zhuoshi He, Shouliang Huo, Jingtian Zhang, Beidou Xi, Shibin Hu
Receptor models have been proved as useful tools to identify source categories and quantitatively calculate the contributions of extracted sources. In this study, sixty surface sediment samples were collected from fourteen lakes in Jiangsu Province, China. The total concentrations of C4-C14-perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids and perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (∑12PFASs) in sediments ranged from 0.264 to 4.44ng/gdw (dry weight), with an average of 1.76ng/gdw. Three commonly-applied receptor models, namely principal component analysis-multiple linear regression (PCA-MLR), positive matrix factorization (PMF) and Unmix models, were employed to apportion PFAS sources in sediments...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
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