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Persuasion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643213/the-difficult-legacy-of-turing-s-wager
#1
Andrew Thwaites, Andrew Soltan, Eric Wieser, Ian Nimmo-Smith
Describing the human brain in mathematical terms is an important ambition of neuroscience research, yet the challenges remain considerable. It was Alan Turing, writing in 1950, who first sought to demonstrate how time-consuming such an undertaking would be. Through analogy to the computer program, Turing argued that arriving at a complete mathematical description of the mind would take well over a thousand years. In this opinion piece, we argue that - despite seventy years of progress in the field - his arguments remain both prescient and persuasive...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642146/is-antimicrobial-stewardship-cost-effective-a-narrative-review-of-the-evidence
#2
REVIEW
Nichola R Naylor, Nina Zhu, Marlies Hulscher, Alison Holmes, Raheelah Ahmad, Julie V Robotham
AIMS: This narrative review aimed to collate recent evidence on the cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit of antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) programmes, to address the question "is AMS cost-effective?", whilst providing resources and guidance for future research in this area. SOURCES: PubMed was searched for studies assessing the cost-effectiveness, cost-utility or cost-benefit of AMS interventions in humans, published from January 2000 to March 2017, with no setting inclusion/exclusion criteria specified...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639549/integrated-comprehensive-care-a-case-study-in-nursing-leadership-and-system-transformation
#3
Laura Wheatley, Winnie Doyle, Cheryl Evans, Carolyn Gosse, Kevin Smith
Calls for transformational change of our healthcare system are increasingly clear, persuasive and insistent. They resonate at all levels, with those who fund, deliver, provide and receive care, and they are rooted in a deep understanding that the system, as currently rigidly structured, most often lacks the necessary flexibility to comprehensively meet the needs of patients across the continuum of care. The St. Joseph's Health System (SJHS) Integrated Comprehensive Care (ICC) Program, which bundles care and funding across the hospital to home continuum, has reduced fragmentation of care, and it has delivered improved outcomes for patients, providers and the system...
2017: Nursing Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638857/development-of-the-fda-tobacco-credibility-scale-fda-tcs
#4
Allison M Schmidt, Leah M Ranney, Seth M Noar, Adam O Goldstein
OBJECTIVES: Messages from organizations with high, compared to low, credibility may be more persuasive. Whereas the tobacco industry has long recognized the importance of credibility in promoting its messages and public image, the source credibility of key tobacco control organizations has gone largely unmeasured. To assess credibility of a key tobacco regulator, we developed a scale of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) tobacco-related credibility. METHODS: We developed and tested 30 items reflective of the dimensions of source credibility (trust, expertise, and public interest) and FDA's tobacco regulatory roles in a sample of 1353 US adults and assessed reliability and validity...
January 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629741/establishment-of-an-ideal-time-window-model-in-hypothermic-targeted-temperature-management-after-traumatic-brain-injury-in-rats
#5
Wan-Yong Zhao, Shao-Bo Chen, Jing-Jing Wang, Chao Xu, Ming-Liang Zhao, Hua-Jiang Dong, Hai-Qian Liang, Xiao-Hong Li, Yue Tu, Sai Zhang, Chong Chen, Hong-Tao Sun
Although hypothermic-targeted temperature management (HTTM) holds great potential for the treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI), translation of the efficacy of hypothermia from animal models to TBI patientshas no entire consistency. This study aimed to find an ideal time window model in experimental rats which was more in accordance with clinical practice through the delayed HTTM intervention. Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to unilateral cortical contusion injury and received therapeutic hypothermia at 15 mins, 2 hours, 4 hours respectively after TBI...
June 16, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626047/with-a-little-help-from-my-friends-seeking-consistent-and-persuasive-evidence
#6
REVIEW
E Clarke Haley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622023/ending-as-intended-the-educational-effects-of-an-epilogue-to-a-tv-show-episode-about-bipolar-disorder
#7
Elizabeth L Cohen, David Alward, Danielle Zajicek, Sarah Edwards, Ryan Hutson
Entertainment persuasion theory was applied to investigate how an epilogue to a dramatic episode with an educational subtext about bipolar disorder affected viewer processing and response. In an experiment, viewers (N = 89) were randomly assigned to watch the episode either with or without an epilogue. Exposure to the epilogue increased recognition of the subtext. It also increased counterarguing against the subtext, but only among viewers less involved with the episode's story. The epilogue decreased social distance for people with bipolar disorder and decreased their belief that bipolar disorder is not treatable...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619749/chaand-nagpaul-a-calm-and-persuasive-negotiator
#8
Anne Gulland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604627/the-role-of-affect-and-cognition-in-processing-messages-about-early-diagnosis-for-alzheimer-s-disease-by-older-people
#9
Patrick De Pelsmacker, Martine Lewi, Veroline Cauberghe
Through early diagnosis of symptoms, the Alzheimer's disease process can be decelerated. The main concern is to encourage the population at risk to take responsible actions at the earliest stage of the onset of the disease. Persuasive communication is essential to achieve this. In an experimental study, the evaluation of awareness messages for early diagnosis containing weak and strong arguments and negative and positive images was performed on a sample of older Belgians. The mediating role of affective responses and message thoughts was explored...
June 12, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604499/academic-achievement-and-risk-factors-for-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-middle-school-and-early-high-school
#10
Nardia Zendarski, Emma Sciberras, Fiona Mensah, Harriet Hiscock
OBJECTIVE: Examine academic achievement of students with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during the early high school period and identify potentially modifiable risk factors for low achievement. METHOD: Data were collected through surveys (adolescent, parent, and teacher) and direct assessment of Australian adolescents (12-15 yr; n = 130) with ADHD in early high school (i.e., US middle and high school grades). Academic achievement outcomes were measured by linking to individual performance on the National Assessment Program-Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) tests, direct assessment of reading and math, and teacher report of academic competence...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600363/a-self-efficacy-education-programme-on-foot-self-care-behaviour-among-older-patients-with-diabetes-in-a-public-long-term-care-institution-malaysia-a-quasi-experimental-pilot-study
#11
Siti Khuzaimah Ahmad Sharoni, Hejar Abdul Rahman, Halimatus Sakdiah Minhat, Sazlina Shariff Ghazali, Mohd Hanafi Azman Ong
OBJECTIVE: A pilot self-efficacy education programme was conducted to assess the feasibility, acceptability and potential impact of the self-efficacy education programme on improving foot self-care behaviour among older patients with diabetes in a public long-term care institution. METHOD: A prequasi-experimental and postquasi-experimental study was conducted in a public long-term care institution in Selangor, Malaysia. Patients with diabetes aged 60 years and above who fulfilled the selection criteria were invited to participate in this programme...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595599/designing-persuasive-health-materials-using-processing-fluency-a-literature-review
#12
Tsuyoshi Okuhara, Hirono Ishikawa, Masahumi Okada, Mio Kato, Takahiro Kiuchi
BACKGROUND: Health materials to promote health behaviors should be readable and generate favorable evaluations of the message. Processing fluency (the subjective experience of ease with which people process information) has been increasingly studied over the past decade. In this review, we explore effects and instantiations of processing fluency and discuss the implications for designing effective health materials. We searched seven online databases using "processing fluency" as the key word...
June 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590834/comparison-of-the-effects-of-a-pharmaceutical-industry-decision-guide-and-decision-aids-on-patient-choice-to-intensify-therapy-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
Richard W Martin, Ryan D Enck, Donald J Tellinghuisen, Aaron T Eggebeen, James D Birmingham, Andrew J Head
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects a pharmaceutical industry decision guide and International Patient Decision Aids Standard (IPDAS) compliant patient decision aids (PtDA) on patient medication beliefs and choice to intensify therapy. METHODS: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, who had never taken etanercept (Enbrel), took part in a mail survey. They were presented with a hypothetical decision scenario where they were asked to consider adding etanercept to their current regimen...
July 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586239/entertainment-education-videos-as-a-persuasive-tool-in-the-substance-use-prevention-intervention-keepin-it-real
#14
YoungJu Shin, Michelle Miller-Day, Michael L Hecht, Janice L Krieger
Based on social cognitive theory and narrative engagement theory, the current study examined hypothesized indirect effects of engagement with keepin' it REAL (kiR) curriculum entertainment-education (E-E) videos on youth alcohol use via youth drug offer refusal efficacy. Students in 7th grade (N = 1,464) at 25 public schools in two Midwestern states were randomly assigned to one of the two versions of the kiR curriculum, the kiR urban version and the kiR rural version. Each version had their own set of five culturally-grounded E-E videos depicting communicative skills to refuse drug offers...
June 6, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581890/strategies-parents-use-to-give-children-oral-medicine-a-qualitative-study-of-online-discussion-forums
#15
Elin Høien Bergene, Torstein Baade Rø, Aslak Steinsbekk
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe strategies parents use to give oral medicine to children. METHODS: We conducted an Internet-based qualitative study of posts from online forums where parents discussed how to give children oral medicine. The posts were analyzed using systematic text condensation. The investigators coded and developed groups iteratively, ending up with a consensus on final themes. RESULTS: We included 4581 posts. Parents utilized three main strategies to give oral medicine to children: (1) Open administration give medicine to the child knowingly by changing the palatability, actively involve the child in play or use persuasion; (2) Hidden administration give medicine to the child unknowingly by camouflaging it in food, while sleeping or distracted by another activity; (3) Forced administration force children to take medicine with the use of restraint...
June 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578131/predicting-behavior-change-from-persuasive-messages-using-neural-representational-similarity-and-social-network-analyses
#16
Teresa K Pegors, Steven Tompson, Matthew Brook O'Donnell, Emily B Falk
Neural activity in medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC), identified as engaging in self-related processing, predicts later health behavior change. However, it is unknown to what extent individual differences in neural representation of content and lived experience influence this brain-behavior relationship. We examined whether the strength of content-specific representations during persuasive messaging relates to later behavior change, and whether these relationships change as a function of individuals' social network composition...
May 31, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569647/matching-message-design-and-depressed-cognition-an-exploration-of-attention-patterns-for-gain-and-loss-framed-depression-help-seeking-messages
#17
Jennifer A Lueck
Although disproportionally affected by depression, most depressed college students do not seek the help they need. Research has recently uncovered the potential negative effects of depression help-seeking messages if depressed cognition is not considered in the health message design process. It is unclear if depression determines whether and how individuals pay attention to gain- and loss-framed depression help-seeking messages-a mechanism that has significant implications for the strategic planning of health communication interventions...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562795/low-completion-rate-of-hepatitis-b-vaccination-in-female-sex-workers
#18
Rosilane de Lima Brito Magalhães, Sheila Araújo Teles, Renata Karina Reis, Marli Teresinha Gimeniz Galvão, Elucir Gir
Objective: to assess predictive factors for noncompletion of the hepatitis B vaccination schedule in female sex workers in the city of Teresina, Northeastern Brazil. Method: 402 women were interviewed and, for those who did not wish to visit specialized sites, or did not know their hepatitis B vaccination status, the vaccine was offered at their workplaces. Bi- and multivariate analyses were performed to identify potential predictors for noncompletion of the vaccination schedule...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559034/shared-decisionmaking-in-the-emergency-department-a-guiding-framework-for-clinicians
#19
Marc A Probst, Hemal K Kanzaria, Elizabeth M Schoenfeld, Michael D Menchine, Maggie Breslin, Cheryl Walsh, Edward R Melnick, Erik P Hess
Shared decisionmaking has been proposed as a method to promote active engagement of patients in emergency care decisions. Despite the recent attention shared decisionmaking has received in the emergency medicine community, including being the topic of the 2016 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference, misconceptions remain in regard to the precise meaning of the term, the process, and the conditions under which it is most likely to be valuable. With the help of a patient representative and an interaction designer, we developed a simple framework to illustrate how shared decisionmaking should be approached in clinical practice...
May 27, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557959/how-to-deliver-a-more-persuasive-message-regarding-addiction-as-a-medical-disorder
#20
Keith Humphreys
: Many members of our field are frustrated that the public does not see addiction as a legitimate medical disorder which should be compassionately addressed as a health problem rather than a criminal justice problem. Although some attribute the disconnect to the public's lack of scientific knowledge or attachment to outdated moral views regarding substance use, this commentary suggests that the problem may well be our own messaging. We would be more persuasive if we acknowledged that addiction is different from most medical disorders because of its high negative externalities, and that this understandably makes the public more scared of and angry about addiction than they are about conditions like asthma, type II diabetes, and hypertension...
May 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
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